Virginia Law Enforcement Retention, 2017 Lynchburg College
Virginia Law Enforcement Retention, Brianna M. Egan Miss.
Student Scholar Showcase
When talking about retention, law enforcement agencies have been facing challenges with retaining their officers. Although problems associated with turnover effect all careers, there has been a significant rise in turnover rates within local law enforcement. Agencies invest a great deal of time, money, and other resources into training officers with the intentions of having them on their team for a while. This research aims to investigate different variables that may be related to officer retention within Sheriffs’ Offices. A cross-sectional survey was sent to all 123 Sheriffs’ Offices in the Commonwealth of Virginia for data collection. Although literature suggests ...
The Racialization Of Juvenile Justice And The Role Of The Defense Attorney, 2017 Yale Law School
The Racialization Of Juvenile Justice And The Role Of The Defense Attorney, Tamar R. Birckhead
Boston College Law Review
The existence of structural racism is not new. In fact, as the second decade of the twenty-first century comes to a close, there is evidence of a national political openness to acknowledging the phenomenon. This Article seizes upon this openness as it seeks to provide a fuller understanding of how structural racism operates within a branch of the criminal justice system that is often overlooked—the juvenile justice system. The Article offers a definition of racialization that acknowledges its multi-dimensional and fluid nature and the ways it is perpetuated via juvenile court rhetoric, processing, and procedure. It demonstrates how the ...
Behavioral Health Unit: Case Study At The Portland Police Department, 2017 University of Southern Maine
Behavioral Health Unit: Case Study At The Portland Police Department, Anne Sedlack
There are 8,000 law enforcement agencies in the United States. 1,000 have some form of specialized policing and response presence - which means that they have at least a few officers who are crisis intervention trained (CIT). 200 of these law enforcement agencies have some form of program that is beyond a few police officers trained in CIT. In 2016, there were 6 departments that were awarded a grant from the Department of Justice and Bureau of Justice Assistance. These six are currently learning sites dedicated to studying the affects of having a behavioral health specialized co-response team. The ...
Bureaucracy As Violence, 2017 Wayne State University
Bureaucracy As Violence, Jonathan Weinberg
Michigan Law Review
Review of The Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity, and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy by David Graeber.
The Murder Of Black Males In A World Of Non-Accountability: The Surreal Trial Of George Zimmerman For The Killing Of Trayvon Martin, Mark S. Brodin
Mark S. Brodin
A critique of the "prosecution" of George Zimmerman for the murder of Trayvon Martin, concluding that the effort was botched from the beginning, tragically missing an early opportunity to hold killers of unarmed black youth accountable.
Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Mental Disorder And Criminal Justice, Stephen J. Morse
This paper is a chapter that will appear in ACADEMY FOR JUSTICE, A REPORT ON SCHOLARSHIP AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM (Erik Luna ed., forthcoming 2017). The criminal law treats some people with severe mental disorders doctrinally and practically differently at virtually every stage of the criminal justice process, beginning with potential incompetence to stand trial and ending with the question of competence to be executed, and such people have special needs when they are in the system. This chapter begins by exploring the fundamental mental health information necessary to make informed judgements about how the criminal justice system should respond ...
Freezing The Status Quo In Criminal Investigations: The Melting Of Probable Cause And Warrent Requirements, 2017 Notre Dame Law School
Freezing The Status Quo In Criminal Investigations: The Melting Of Probable Cause And Warrent Requirements, Fernand N. Dutile
Fernand "Tex" N. Dutile
No abstract provided.
Sentencing Reform: The Power Of Reasons, 2017 Boston College Law School
Sentencing Reform: The Power Of Reasons, R. Michael Cassidy, Robert L. Ullmann
R. Michael Cassidy
No abstract provided.
Unintended Consequences: Addressing The Impact Of Domestic Violence Mandatory And Pro-Arrest Policies And Practices On Girls And Young Women, Francine T. Sherman
Francine T. Sherman
The OJJDP-funded National Girls Initiative and the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) convened a roundtable of advocates to discuss the unintended consequences of mandatory and pro-arrest policies for domestic violence on girls and young women. Out of that convening arose this summary report, Unintended Consequences: Addressing the Impact of Domestic Violence Mandatory and Pro-Arrest Policies and Practices on Girls and Young Women. Our hope is that this summary report fuels a conversation about the unintended consequences and impact of mandatory and pro-arrest domestic violence policies on girls, young women, and women, as well as the disproportionate impact on communities ...
Bail Reform: New Directions For Pretrial Detention And Release, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Bail Reform: New Directions For Pretrial Detention And Release, Megan Stevenson, Sandra G. Mayson
Our current pretrial system imposes high costs on both the people who are detained pretrial and the taxpayers who foot the bill. These costs have prompted a surge of bail reform around the country. Reformers seek to reduce pretrial detention rates, as well as racial and socioeconomic disparities in the pretrial system, while simultaneously improving appearance rates and reducing pretrial crime. The current state of pretrial practice suggests that there is ample room for improvement. Bail hearings are often cursory, with no defense counsel present. Money-bail practices lead to high rates of detention even among misdemeanor defendants and those who ...
Draft Report Of The Somali Criminal Law Recodification Initiative, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Draft Report Of The Somali Criminal Law Recodification Initiative, Paul H. Robinson, Criminal Law Research Group
The Government of Somalia and the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) jointly commissioned the drafting of a modern criminal code for Somalia that embodies fundamental Islamic principles. The proposed code developed by the Criminal Law Research Group in cooperation with the major Somali players of the criminal justice process is a modern and comprehensive penal code incorporating numerous cutting-edge innovations in drafting forms, code structure, and criminal law doctrine. It is also the first and only such code incorporating the major tenets and principles of Islamic law as currently practiced in Somalia. This two-volume report to the Somali Working Group ...
Civil Liberty Or National Security: The Battle Over Iphone Encryption, 2017 Georgia State University College of Law
Civil Liberty Or National Security: The Battle Over Iphone Encryption, Karen Lowell
Georgia State University Law Review
On June 5, 2013, Edward Snowden released what would be the first of many documents exposing the vast breadth of electronic surveillance the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the National Security Agency (NSA) had been conducting on millions of United States citizens. Although the federal agencies had legal authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) to collect metadata from companies such as Verizon, many Americans considered this data collection to be a massive invasion of privacy.
Equipped with the knowledge of sweeping domestic surveillance programs, citizens and technology firms fighting for strong privacy and security protection, have started ...
Community Control Over Camera Surveillance: A Response To Bennett Capers’S Crime, Surveillance, And Communities, 2017 Vanderbilt University Law School
Community Control Over Camera Surveillance: A Response To Bennett Capers’S Crime, Surveillance, And Communities, Christopher Slobogin
No abstract provided.
The Constitutionality Of The Immigration And Nationality Act Called Into Question Again: The Ninth Circuit Correctly Holds "Obstruction Of Justice" Raises Grave Constitutional Concerns In Valenzuela Gallardo V. Lynch, 2017 Boston College Law School
The Constitutionality Of The Immigration And Nationality Act Called Into Question Again: The Ninth Circuit Correctly Holds "Obstruction Of Justice" Raises Grave Constitutional Concerns In Valenzuela Gallardo V. Lynch, Taylor Gibson
Boston College Law Review
On March 31, 2016, in Valenzuela Gallardo v. Lynch, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that the phrase “an offense relating to obstruction of justice,” used as one definition of an aggravated felony within the Immigration and Nationality Act, raised grave unconstitutional vagueness concerns because there are no limits to where the process of justice begins and ends. This issue, identified by the Ninth Circuit, was not addressed by the Second or Eighth Circuits despite these courts interpreting the same statutory provision in separate cases. This Comment argues that the Ninth Circuit was correct on ...
Big Budget Productions With Limited Release: Video Retention Issues With Body-Worn Cameras, 2017 Fordham University School of Law
Big Budget Productions With Limited Release: Video Retention Issues With Body-Worn Cameras, Bradley X. Barbour
Fordham Law Review
Since 2013, there has been growing support for police body-worn cameras in the wake of several high-profile and controversial encounters between citizens and law enforcement. The federal government has justified budgetary measures funding body-worn camera programs as a means to facilitate trust between law enforcement and the public through the objectivity of video footage—a sentiment supported by many lawmakers advocating for implementation of this technology. These policy goals, however, are stymied by a deficiency of police department policies and state statutes regulating the retention of footage and close adherence of states to the precedent of Arizona v. Youngblood, which ...
The Regulatory Framework For Aerial Imaging By Recreational Users Of "Drones" In Singapore: Old And Emerging Issues And Some Possible Solutions, 2017 Singapore Management University
The Regulatory Framework For Aerial Imaging By Recreational Users Of "Drones" In Singapore: Old And Emerging Issues And Some Possible Solutions, Siyuan Chen
Research Collection School Of Law
In response to the sudden proliferation of hobbyist unmanned aerial vehicles used for digital imaging – or “drones”, as they are popularly, but rather inaccurately, labelled – the Singapore government enacted the Unmanned Aircraft (Public Safety and Security) Act in 2015 and also amended various existing laws relating to air navigation. However, in view of the rapid evolution in drone technology and the ever-expanding range of useful applications brought about by drones, what are some of the challenges that would be faced when enforcing the law against recreational users of aerial imaging in particular, and what are some of the changes that ...
Beyond Law And Fact: Jury Evaluation Of Law Enforcement, 2017 Temple University Beasley School of Law
Beyond Law And Fact: Jury Evaluation Of Law Enforcement, Lauren M. Ouziel
Notre Dame Law Review
Criminal trials today are as much about the adequacy and legitimacy of the defendant’s accusers—police and prosecutors—as the alleged deeds of the accused. Yet we lack theory to conceptualize this reality, doctrine to set its parameters, and institutional mechanisms to adapt to it. The traditional framework used by courts and scholars to delineate the jury’s role—along the continuum between “fact-finding” and “law-finding”—is inadequate to the task. Jury evaluations of law enforcement are more accurately conceptualized as enforcement-finding, a process that functions both in and outside that continuum. In considering enforcement-finding’s justification and proper ...
Police Interrogations, False Confessions, And Alleged Child Abuse Cases, 2017 University of San Francisco
Police Interrogations, False Confessions, And Alleged Child Abuse Cases, Richard Leo
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
A discussion on false confession cases in the United States.
Rationing Criminal Justice, 2017 Cardozo Law School
Rationing Criminal Justice, Richard A. Bierschbach, Stephanos Bibas
Of the many diagnoses of American criminal justice’s ills, few focus on externalities. Yet American criminal justice systematically overpunishes in large part because few mechanisms exist to force consideration of the full social costs of criminal justice interventions. Actors often lack good information or incentives to minimize the harms they impose. Part of the problem is structural: criminal justice is fragmented vertically among governments, horizontally among agencies, and individually among self-interested actors. Part is a matter of focus: doctrinally and pragmatically, actors overwhelmingly view each case as an isolated, short-term transaction to the exclusion of broader, long-term, and aggregate ...
Factors Affecting Mental Health Seeking Behaviors Of Law Enforcement Officers, 2017 Brandman University
Factors Affecting Mental Health Seeking Behaviors Of Law Enforcement Officers, Vincent M. Haecker
The intent of this study was to elicit perspectives from law enforcement counselors, clinicians, chaplains, and peer group leaders for factors affecting law enforcement officer’s (LEOs) seeking mental health assistance. The law enforcement and mental health communities have gone to great lengths to ensure assistance is available to LEOs in an effort to counter the stress and trauma associated with the policing profession. Past studies attempted to elicit LEOs attitudes on mental health services, generating mixed results and were unable to establish why available services were underutilized. This study employed a qualitative methodology to elicit perspectives on this phenomena ...