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End Of Life And Autonomy: The Case For Relational Nudges In End-Of-Life Decision-Making Law And Policy, Megan S. Wright 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

End Of Life And Autonomy: The Case For Relational Nudges In End-Of-Life Decision-Making Law And Policy, Megan S. Wright

Maryland Law Review

Autonomy is a central principle in many areas of health law. In the case of end-of-life decision-making law and policy, however, the principle of autonomy requires revision. On the whole, law conceptualizes autonomy at the end of life as an individual making private, personal decisions based solely on their interests and values, and independent of others. But ordinary people understand autonomous decisionmaking at the end of life differently, in a way that acknowledges the importance of their interpersonal relationships. Social science research has documented that strengthening relationships with others, sharing responsibility in the decision-making process with healthcare providers, and taking ...


“Who Will Judge The Many When The Game Isthrough?”: Considering The Profound Differencesbetween Mental Health Courts And “Traditional”Involuntary Civil Commitment Courts, Michael L. Perlin 2018 Seattle University School of Law

“Who Will Judge The Many When The Game Isthrough?”: Considering The Profound Differencesbetween Mental Health Courts And “Traditional”Involuntary Civil Commitment Courts, Michael L. Perlin

Seattle University Law Review

For forty years, we have known that involuntary civil commitment hearings are—in most jurisdictions—“charades.” When the Supreme Court noted, in Parham v. J.R., that the average length of a civil commitment hearing ranged from 3.8 to 9.2 minutes, the reaction of many who had done these cases was, “What? So long?!” The characterization of such hearings as being a “greased runway” to a state institution has never been disputed. Lawyers representing these individuals were bored or contemptuous; judges simply wanted to get cases moving; opposing counsel looked at their wrist watches to see when the ...


Removing Obstacles To A Peaceful Death, Kathy L. Cerminara, Barbara A. Noah 2018 Nova Southeastern University

Removing Obstacles To A Peaceful Death, Kathy L. Cerminara, Barbara A. Noah

Faculty Scholarship

We all will die, but the American health care system often impedes a peaceful death. Instead of a quiet death at home surrounded by loved ones, many of us suffer through overutilization of sometimes-toxic therapeutic interventions long past the time when those interventions do more good than harm. This article proposes revisions to health professional training and payment policy to eliminate as much as possible physical and existential suffering while progressing through the terminal phase of illness. The solution lies in seamless progression from treatment with integrated palliative care to hospice before death, but provider attitudes and payor practices must ...


Prevention Of Illness, Paul Bernstein 2017 Selected Works

Prevention Of Illness, Paul Bernstein

Paul Bernstein, MD, JD, FACC

No abstract provided.


Exploitation And Abuse Of The Elderly During The Great Recession: A Maine Practitioner's Perspective, Denis T. Culley, Hannah Sanders University of Maine School of Law 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Exploitation And Abuse Of The Elderly During The Great Recession: A Maine Practitioner's Perspective, Denis T. Culley, Hannah Sanders University Of Maine School Of Law

Maine Law Review

The practitioner often cringes on first exposure to elder abuse. Beating, cheating, or cynically misusing a parent or other beloved elder not only shocks and disheartens those who stumble upon it, but often leaves the practitioner, like the poet, with “a tighter breathing and Zero at the bone.” Nothing in our culture prepares us to behold the abused elder. The elder herself is often similarly shocked and ashamed. Many times, an abused elder is in denial and may feel that she has somehow allowed the abuse to occur. Or the elder may feel that the abuser—oftentimes a family member ...


Aging Policy Design: Building From Anne Alstott, Katharine B. Silbaugh 2017 Boston University

Aging Policy Design: Building From Anne Alstott, Katharine B. Silbaugh

Shorter Faculty Works

In her intriguing lecture, Professor Anne Alstott reminds us that legal scholarship enjoys a unique niche between justice and policy. Political scientists and philosophers evaluate justice, while legal scholars ask where and how justice can be achieved pragmatically. Alstott calls this our comparative advantage, the merging of justice and practicality. This introduction perfectly frames the work Alstott does in evaluating S ocial Security and other income and savings support programs for the aging and retire d population, such as tax benefits given in support of private pensions.


A Principled Approach To Separating The Fusion Between Nursing Homes And Prisons, Mirko Bagaric, Marissa Florio, Brienna Bagaric 2017 Pepperdine University

A Principled Approach To Separating The Fusion Between Nursing Homes And Prisons, Mirko Bagaric, Marissa Florio, Brienna Bagaric

Pepperdine Law Review

Elderly people are a far lower risk to community safety than other individuals. Despite this, elderly prisoners are filling prisons at an increasing rate. The number of elderly prisoners in the United States has increased more than fifteen-fold over the past three decades—far more than the general imprisonment rate. This trend is empirically and normatively flawed. Older offenders should be treated differently from other offenders. The key reason for this is that elderly offenders reoffend at about half the rate of other released prisoners, but the cost of incarcerating the elderly—due to their more pressing health needs—is ...


2016-2017 Georgia State University Law Review Symposium: Exploring The Right To Die In The U.S., Margaret Pabst Battin 2017 University of Utah

2016-2017 Georgia State University Law Review Symposium: Exploring The Right To Die In The U.S., Margaret Pabst Battin

Georgia State University Law Review

This transcript is a reproduction of the Keynote Presentation at the 2016–2017 Georgia State University Law Review Symposium on November 11, 2016. Margaret Battin, is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Adjunct Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of Utah.


Distinctive Factors Affecting The Legal Context Of End-Of-Life Medical Care For Older Persons, Marshall B. Kapp 2017 Florida State University

Distinctive Factors Affecting The Legal Context Of End-Of-Life Medical Care For Older Persons, Marshall B. Kapp

Georgia State University Law Review

Current legal regulation of medical care for individuals approaching the end of life in the United States is predicated essentially on a factual model emanating from a series of high-profile judicial opinions concerning the rights of adults who become either permanently unconscious or are clearly going to die soon with or without aggressive attempts of curative therapy.

The need for a flexible, adaptable approach to medically treating people approaching the end of their lives, and a similar openness to possible modification of the legal framework within which treatment choices are made and implemented, are particularly important when older individuals are ...


Unbefriended And Unrepresented: Better Medical Decision Making For Incapacitated Patients Without Healthcare Surrogates, Thaddeus Mason Pope 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Unbefriended And Unrepresented: Better Medical Decision Making For Incapacitated Patients Without Healthcare Surrogates, Thaddeus Mason Pope

Georgia State University Law Review

The purpose of this Article is to help improve the quality of healthcare decision making for the unbefriended. I hope that this comprehensive and systematic explanation of both the problem and the available solutions will empower both public and clinical policymakers to develop more informed and more circumspect policies and procedures


The Pro Bono Collaborative Project Spotlight, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

The Pro Bono Collaborative Project Spotlight, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Pro Bono Collaborative Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


End Of Life Care For The Incarcerated, Codie Robinson 2017 Abilene Christian University

End Of Life Care For The Incarcerated, Codie Robinson

Dialogue & Nexus

As the prison population ages, a new need has come to light – caring for those who are in the final stage of life. This paper will examine the current end of life services provided to those in prison throughout the United States. After a general awareness of the system is presented, a more complete discussion of end of life care for prisoners will be considered, in light of ethics, social justice, and the Christian perspective. The two care options presented, hospice care and compassionate release, are observed through these lenses. In order to make a decision on how to care ...


Modernizing Financial Legislation To Protect Older Americans From Financial Abuse, Joshua F. Bautz 2017 University of Miami Law School

Modernizing Financial Legislation To Protect Older Americans From Financial Abuse, Joshua F. Bautz

University of Miami Business Law Review

The United States of America is entering into a period of time that is marked by an increasingly aging population, and a corresponding growth in its susceptibility to financial abuse. While financial abuse can take on various forms, our older Americans continuously bear the bulk of its adverse effects. In recent years, financial representatives have notably suffered from a decline in investor confidence; however, this trend has failed to address the true culprits that commit the majority of financial abuse. This Comment will help to illuminate the increasing impact that family members, friends and caregivers have on the totality of ...


Understaffed And Overworked: Poor Working Conditions And Quality Of Care In Residential Care Facilities For The Elderly, Hina B. Shah 2017 Golden Gate University School of Law

Understaffed And Overworked: Poor Working Conditions And Quality Of Care In Residential Care Facilities For The Elderly, Hina B. Shah

Publications

The United States is experiencing unprecedented growth in its elderly population. As Americans live longer and cope with chronic health conditions, the need for long term services and support (LTSS) has increased. The vast majority of elderly persons need assistance with activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) due to physical and mental impairments. LTSS are provided in a continuum of care from the individual’s home to institutional settings. There is a range of options from highly regulated skilled nursing facilities, also called nursing homes to residential care facilities for the elderly (RCFE), also ...


Expanding The Slayer Rule In Florida: Why Elder Abuse Should Trigger Disinheritance, Natasa Glisic 2017 Barry University School of Law

Expanding The Slayer Rule In Florida: Why Elder Abuse Should Trigger Disinheritance, Natasa Glisic

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor 2017 Rutgers U. School of Law, Newark

The Relation Between Autonomy-Based Rights And Profoundly Disabled Persons, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

“The Relation Between Autonomy-based Rights and Profoundly Mentally Disabled Persons” Competent persons have fundamental rights to decide about abortion, methods of contraception, and rejection of life-sustaining medical treatment. Profoundly disabled persons are so cognitively impaired that they cannot make their own serious medical decisions. Yet some courts suggest that the mentally impaired are entitled to “the same right” to choice regarding critical medical decisions as competent persons. This article discusses the puzzling question of how to relate autonomy-based rights to never-competent persons. It argues that while profoundly disabled persons cannot be entitled to make their own medical decisions, they have ...


On Hastening Death Without Violating Legal Or Moral Prohibitions, Norman L. Cantor 2017 Rutgers U. School of Law, Newark

On Hastening Death Without Violating Legal Or Moral Prohibitions, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

While the vast majority of fatally afflicted persons have a powerful wish to remain alive, some stricken persons may, for any of a host of reasons, desire to hasten death. Some persons are afflicted with chronic degenerative diseases that take a grievous toll. Chronic pain may be severe and intractable, anxiety about a future treatment regimen may be distressing, and helplessness may erode personal dignity and soil the image that the afflicted person wants to leave behind. A dying patient’s interest in hastening death is often said to be in tension with a bedrock social principle that respect for ...


On Kamisar, Killing, And The Future Of Physician-Assisted Death, Norman L. Cantor 2017 Rutgers U. School of Law, Newark

On Kamisar, Killing, And The Future Of Physician-Assisted Death, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

In a famous 1958 article, Yale Kamisar brilliantly examined the hazards of abuse and of slippery slope extensions that subsequently, for 46 years, served to thwart legalization of physician-assisted death (PAD). This paper shows that during the same period law and culture have effectively accepted a variety of ways for stricken people to hasten death, with physicians involved in diverse roles. Those ways include rejection of nutrition and hydration, terminal sedation, administration of risky analgesics, and withholding or withdrawal of medical life support. If these existing lawful modes of hastening death were widely acknowledged, the pressure to legalize voluntary active ...


Changing The Paradigm Of Advance Directives To Avoid Prolonged Dementia, Norman L. Cantor 2017 Rutgers Law School - Newark

Changing The Paradigm Of Advance Directives To Avoid Prolonged Dementia, Norman L. Cantor

Norman Cantor

For some people, the specter of being mired in progressively degenerative dementia is an intolerably degrading prospect. One avoidance tactic is to take steps to end one's existence while still competent. That risks a premature demise while still enjoying a tolerable lifestyle. The question arises whether an alternative tactic -- an advance directive declining all life-sustaining intervention once a certain point of debilitation is reached -- might be preferable. This article describes the legal and moral foundation for an advance directive declining even simplistic interventions at a relatively early stage of decline. My own model directive is included.


Zoning For The Elderly And Family Rights, Ralph J. Libsohn 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Zoning For The Elderly And Family Rights, Ralph J. Libsohn

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


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