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Navigating A Post-Windsor World: The Promise And Limits Of Marriage Equality, Nancy J. Knauer 2014 SelectedWorks

Navigating A Post-Windsor World: The Promise And Limits Of Marriage Equality, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

When the 2013 landmark decision in U.S. v. Windsor invalidated part of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), it was hailed as a landmark civil rights victory, but its implementation has been far from seamless. The federal government has not applied a uniform rule for marriage recognition, applying a state-of-domicile rule for some purposes (Social Security) and a broader state-of-celebration rule for others (e.g., federal tax matters). Moreover, Windsor did not directly address the state-level marriage prohibitions that remain in place in the majority of states. As a result, the United States continues to be a patchwork of ...


In Re Allers: A Display Of Progress, Not Perfection, In The Guardianship System, Melanie Rosen 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

In Re Allers: A Display Of Progress, Not Perfection, In The Guardianship System, Melanie Rosen

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Financial Security Scorecard: A State-By-State Analysis Of Economic Pressures Facing Future Retirees, Christian Weller, Nari Rhee, Carolyn Arcand 2014 University of Massachusetts Boston

Financial Security Scorecard: A State-By-State Analysis Of Economic Pressures Facing Future Retirees, Christian Weller, Nari Rhee, Carolyn Arcand

Public Policy and Public Affairs Faculty Publication Series

As Americans increasingly worry about their retirement prospects, states play an important and growing role in retirement security policy. States already manage long-term care programs for the elderly through Medicaid. Concerned about the impact of future elder poverty on state and local budgets and their local economies, a number of states are exploring the creation of low-cost and low-risk retirement savings plans for private sector workers who lack access to pensions or 401(k)s on the job. Some states have developed programs to help older workers find work.

This report presents the Financial Security Scorecard, designed to inform state-level ...


Unfulfilled Promise: Mental Disability Voting Rights And The Halving Of Hava’S Potential, Benjamin O. Hoerner 2014 SelectedWorks

Unfulfilled Promise: Mental Disability Voting Rights And The Halving Of Hava’S Potential, Benjamin O. Hoerner

Benjamin O Hoerner

In 2012, the heated presidential election between President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney reanimated the debate surrounding the voting rights of mentally disabled citizens in the United States. A decade earlier, in October 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA), aiming to protect the voting rights of the country’s disabled population. At the time of its enactment, legislators and commentators lauded HAVA as “the most important voting rights bill since the passing of the Voting Rights Act in 1965.” However, since its passage, HAVA has been subjected to a flurry ...


Tontine Pensions: A Solution To The State And Local Pension Underfunding Crisis, Jonathan B. Forman, Michael J. Sabin 2014 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Tontine Pensions: A Solution To The State And Local Pension Underfunding Crisis, Jonathan B. Forman, Michael J. Sabin

Jonathan B. Forman

Tontines are investment vehicles that can be used to provide retirement income. Basically, a tontine is a financial product that combines features of an annuity and a lottery. In a simple tontine, a group of investors pool their money together to buy a portfolio of investments, and, as investors die, their shares are forfeited, with the entire fund going to the last surviving investor. Over the years, this last-survivor-takes-all approach has made for some great fiction. For example, on the television show “Mash,” Colonel Sherman T. Potter, as the last survivor of his World War I unit, got to open ...


We'll Always Have Shady Pines: Surrogate Decision-Making Tools For Preserving Sexual Autonomy In Elderly Nursing Home Residents, Elizabeth Hill 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

We'll Always Have Shady Pines: Surrogate Decision-Making Tools For Preserving Sexual Autonomy In Elderly Nursing Home Residents, Elizabeth Hill

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

No abstract provided.


Conceptualizing Capacity: Interpreting Canada’S Qualified Ratification Of Article 12 Of The Un Disability Rights Convention, Nicholas Caivano 2014 Western University

Conceptualizing Capacity: Interpreting Canada’S Qualified Ratification Of Article 12 Of The Un Disability Rights Convention, Nicholas Caivano

Western Journal of Legal Studies

During the negotiations leading up to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), States Parties vigorously debated the scope of Article 12, which establishes legal capacity for persons with disabilities “on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.” The ambiguity of Article 12 has led to many interpretations that have been the subject of debate among human rights activists and academics. Developments in the jurisprudence and legislative reforms across several jurisdictions indicate that governments and courts have begun to grapple with what recognizing the right to legal capacity for persons with disabilities ...


La Pensión Familiar En Colombia: ¿Una Solución Al Déficit Pensional Colombiano?, Fernando Castillo Cadena, Ana María Muñoz Segura 2014 Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

La Pensión Familiar En Colombia: ¿Una Solución Al Déficit Pensional Colombiano?, Fernando Castillo Cadena, Ana María Muñoz Segura

Fernando Castillo Cadena

Colombia enacted the “family old-age pension” through Law 1580/12. This pension is not one of exceptional type, which is granted to certain beneficiaries: it is one that tries to expand the coverage of the pension system in a novel way. Thus, the right to a pension no longer will be a product of regular contributions or savings made on an individual basis, but one that will correspond to the sum of efforts made by the couple that makes up a family group. So, in the event that an affiliate not eligible to obtain an old-age pension on an individual ...


Tillbaka Till Familjen: Privat Och Offentligt Ansvar I Den Svenska Äldreomsorgen, Mirjam Katzin 2014 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Tillbaka Till Familjen: Privat Och Offentligt Ansvar I Den Svenska Äldreomsorgen, Mirjam Katzin

Mirjam Katzin

I Sverige har kommunen ansvar för äldreomsorgen. Den omsorg som utförs av anhöriga är dock en betydande och, till följd av nedskärningar, växande del av äldreomsorgen I Sverige. Denna artikel undersöker på vilket sätt en (re-)privatisering av ansvaret för att tillgodose äldre människors behov har skett, genom att studera och analysera den diskurs som omgärdar frågan om anhörigomsorg för äldre. En ökning av det ansvar som anhöriga tar för omsorgen om äldre innebär framför allt ett ökat åtagande för kvinnor, därför är också rättviseaspekter på omfördelningen relevanta. I artikeln dras slutsatsen att omsorgsansvaret i praktiken tycks ha flyttats tillbaka ...


Equidad Pensional Y Salario Base. La Interpretación Judicial Como Base De Inequidad, Fernando Castillo Cadena 2013 Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

Equidad Pensional Y Salario Base. La Interpretación Judicial Como Base De Inequidad, Fernando Castillo Cadena

Fernando Castillo Cadena

This paper addresses the current problem of interpretation of what should be understood as basic salary for the settlement of the pension bond type A mode 2, for members who move to individual savings scheme, showing how interpretations of the Constitutional Court and the Labor Appeal Chamber of the Supreme Court do not conform to the financial and economic content the law provides, and therefore, create problems of pension equity.


Nursing Home Advocates Challenge Treatment Law - Prof. Mort Cohen, Bob Egelko 2013 Golden Gate University School of Law

Nursing Home Advocates Challenge Treatment Law - Prof. Mort Cohen, Bob Egelko

Articles About Faculty

Advocates for nursing home patients are challenging a California law that allows doctors to decide when a patient is mentally incompetent to refuse treatment.

A lawyer for California Advocates for Nursing Home Reform, which filed the suit Tuesday in Alameda County Superior Court, said doctors have used the 1992 law to administer mind-altering drugs, put patients in physical restraints and, in one case, remove a feeding tube.


Letter Regarding Pbgc Request For Information On Missing Participants In Individual Account Plans, Federal Register, Vol. 78, No. 120, June 21, 2013, Ellen A. Bruce, Brian Reilly 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston

Letter Regarding Pbgc Request For Information On Missing Participants In Individual Account Plans, Federal Register, Vol. 78, No. 120, June 21, 2013, Ellen A. Bruce, Brian Reilly

Pension Action Center Publications

On August 19, 2013, the Pension Action Center wrote to the Office of the General Counsel of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation in response to their request for comments on the implementation of a new program to deal with benefits of missing participants in terminating individual account plans.


What's Wrong With A Federal Inheritance Tax?, Wendy Gerzog 2013 SelectedWorks

What's Wrong With A Federal Inheritance Tax?, Wendy Gerzog

Wendy Gerzog

Scholars have proposed a federal inheritance tax as an alternative to the current federal transfer tax system, but there are serious flaws with that idea. Those problems include: (1) different tax rates and exemptions based on the decedent’s relationship to the beneficiary; (2) the lack of a tax on lifetime gratuitous transfers, including gifts with retained interests or control; (3) the persistence of most current valuation distortion abuses; and (4) significantly decreased compliance rates and increased administrative costs inherent in a system that taxes transferees on transactions that may be largely unmonitored.

This article reviews common characteristics of existing ...


What's Wrong With A Federal Inheritance Tax?, Wendy Gerzog 2013 SelectedWorks

What's Wrong With A Federal Inheritance Tax?, Wendy Gerzog

Wendy Gerzog

Scholars have proposed a federal inheritance tax as an alternative to the current federal transfer tax system, but there are serious flaws with that idea. Those problems include: (1) different tax rates and exemptions based on the decedent’s relationship to the beneficiary; (2) the lack of a tax on lifetime gratuitous transfers, including gifts with retained interests or control; (3) the persistence of most current valuation distortion abuses; and (4) significantly decreased compliance rates and increased administrative costs inherent in a system that taxes transferees on transactions that may be largely unmonitored.

This article reviews common characteristics of existing ...


Protecting Those Who Need It Most: A Call For Change To The Tax Application Of Qualified Domestic Relations Orders When Placed Into Special Needs Trusts, Conor Francis Linehan 2013 SelectedWorks

Protecting Those Who Need It Most: A Call For Change To The Tax Application Of Qualified Domestic Relations Orders When Placed Into Special Needs Trusts, Conor Francis Linehan

Conor Francis Linehan

This note calls for a change to the way the Internal Revenue Code is applied towards qualified domestic relations orders when used to fund or partially fund special needs trusts, specifically irrevocable (d)(4)(B) trusts created under § 1396p.

The current status of the law is that an individual can roll over a qualified domestic relations order into a new retirement account in a tax-free transfer. If an individual elects to not roll over into a new retirement fund, some additional exemptions to various early termination penalties and lump sum payments have already been carved out of the Code.

This ...


Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce 2013 University of Massachusetts Boston

Testimony Before The Erisa Advisory Council, Ellen A. Bruce

Pension Action Center Publications

I am the director of the Pension Action Center of the Gerontology Institute at the University of Massachusetts Boston. In that capacity, I run the New England Pension Assistance Project (NEPAP), a U.S. Administration on Aging (AoA)-funded pension counseling project, and the Illinois Pension Assistance Project (IPAP) funded by the Retirement Research Foundation. Both of these projects represent low- and moderate-income plan participants who are having difficulty claiming their employer-sponsored retirement income. The AoA funds six pension counseling projects covering 29 states; all of which represent clients in much the same way we do at the Pension Action ...


Special Populations: Mobilization For Change, 2013 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Special Populations: Mobilization For Change

Touro Law Review

This Article is based on a transcript of a break-out discussion which took place at An Obvious Truth: Creating an Action Blueprint for a Civil Right to Counsel in New York State, held at Touro Law Center, Central Islip, New York, in March 2008. The discussion was moderated by Karen L. Nicolson, Michael Williams, and Toby Golick.

This Article assesses the needs of various special populations and the possible strategies and solutions to create change through enacting a civil right to counsel. The Article is intended to capture information and viewpoints of the people who participated in the break-out discussion ...


A Right To Active Ageing For All? On The Status Of The Elderly In Social Services And Health Care, Titti Mattsson 2013 Lund University, Faculty of Law

A Right To Active Ageing For All? On The Status Of The Elderly In Social Services And Health Care, Titti Mattsson

Titti Mattsson

No abstract provided.


There But For The Grace Of God Go I: The Right Of Cross-Examination In Social Security Disability Hearings , Bradley S. Dixon 2013 Pepperdine University

There But For The Grace Of God Go I: The Right Of Cross-Examination In Social Security Disability Hearings , Bradley S. Dixon

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


The Cost Of “Choice” In A Voluntary Pension System, Jonathan B. Forman 2013 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The Cost Of “Choice” In A Voluntary Pension System, Jonathan B. Forman

Jonathan B. Forman

Unlike our mandatory universal Social Security system, America’s private pension system is replete with choice: choices about the type of pension plan, choices about the amount and timing of contributions, choices about investments, and choices about the timing and nature of distributions. It takes time to make all these choices, and sometimes employers and workers just throw up their hands and don’t make any choices at all. This “choice overload” or “analysis paralysis” imposes significant costs on employers, workers, and government; and this article recommends a variety of ways to reduce those costs.


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