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Weathering State And Local Budget Storms: Fiscal Federalism With An Uncooperative Congress, David Gamage, Darien Shanske, Gladriel Shobe, Adam Thimmesch 2022 Indiana University—Bloomington, Maurer School of Law

Weathering State And Local Budget Storms: Fiscal Federalism With An Uncooperative Congress, David Gamage, Darien Shanske, Gladriel Shobe, Adam Thimmesch

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Throughout most of 2020, state and local governments faced severe budget crises as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Increased demand for state welfare services and rising state expenses related to controlling the spread of COVID-19 stretched state and local budgets to their breaking points. At the same time, layoffs, business closures, and social distancing measures reduced states’ primary sources of tax revenues. The traditional practice of American fiscal federalism is for the federal government to step in to provide aid during a national emergency of this magnitude, because state and local governments lack the federal government’s monetary and ...


Automated Government For Vulnerable Citizens: Intermediating Rights, Sofia Ranchordás, Luisa Scarcella 2022 William & Mary Law School

Automated Government For Vulnerable Citizens: Intermediating Rights, Sofia Ranchordás, Luisa Scarcella

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Filing tax returns or applying for unemployment benefits are some of the most common government transactions. Yet interacting with tax and social security authorities is for many a source of government anxiety. Bureaucracy, regulatory delays, and the complexity of the administrative legal system have been regarded for decades as the key reasons for this problem. Digital government promised a solution in the shape of simplified forms, electronic filing, and better communication with citizens. In the United States, privately developed software systems such as TurboTax and MiDAS emerged as intermediaries between citizens and digital government, selling convenience and efficiency. These systems ...


Is Trade Sexist? How “Pink” Tariff Policies’ Harmful Effects Can Be Curtailed Through Litigation And Legislation, Miranda Hatch 2022 Brigham Young University Law School

Is Trade Sexist? How “Pink” Tariff Policies’ Harmful Effects Can Be Curtailed Through Litigation And Legislation, Miranda Hatch

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taxing Data, Omri Marian 2022 Brigham Young University Law School

Taxing Data, Omri Marian

BYU Law Review

The Article offers a new theory of tax on data collection and transmission as a primary source of government revenue. This tax does not depend on the monetary value of data. This "data tax" can supplement, and in some instances replace, income taxes. The data tax can (1) mitigate some of the failures of income taxes in a globalized data based economy, and (2) serve to alleviate some of the externalities of a data based economy. The Article advances the following four arguments. First, current challenges to tax systems stem largely from the fact that traditional models of taxation were ...


Tax Complexity And Technology, David I. Walker 2022 Boston University School of Law

Tax Complexity And Technology, David I. Walker

Indiana Law Journal

The Federal Income Tax Code has become increasingly complex over time with the implication that many taxpayers no longer understand the connection between their life decisions and their taxes. Some commentators have suggested that increasing computational complexity may be attributable in part to the proliferation of tax preparation software that renders such complexity manageable at filing time, but otherwise does nothing to mitigate the “black box” nature of the tax system. While such complexity and opacity undercut explicit incentives embedded in the Code, make planning more difficult, and undermine political accountability for taxes, they may also reduce the inefficient distortion ...


Holding Residential Property On Inter Vivos Trusts In Singapore: Transfers Of Equity Interests, Vincent OOI 2022 Singapore Management University

Holding Residential Property On Inter Vivos Trusts In Singapore: Transfers Of Equity Interests, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Following amendments to the ACD regime in Singapore, transferring equity interests to and from a trust with no beneficial owners will attract ACD, as will the exercise of a power of appointment by a trustee to grant equity interests to a beneficiary. Renunciation of interests in a bare trust will also attract ACD. Together with the introduction of ABSD (Trust), it is now impractical to use trusts to hold residential properties for succession planning purposes. Remaining options are to gift the properties without any strings attached or bequeath the properties in a will and risk subsequent changes to death taxation.


Holding Residential Property On Inter Vivos Trusts In Singapore: Transfers Of Interests, Vincent OOI 2022 Singapore Management University

Holding Residential Property On Inter Vivos Trusts In Singapore: Transfers Of Interests, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

As a response to the “missing beneficial owner” problem highlighted by the Zhao Hui Fang case, amendments have been made to Singapore’s stamp duty regime. ABSD will now be levied at 35% on transfers of residential property to trustees, with a remission available if certain conditions are met. These conditions effectively mean that residential property held on inter vivos trusts in Singapore must be given to beneficiaries without conditions or powers of revocation or variation. This has major ramifications for succession planning, since such restrictions largely defeat the purpose of using a trust to hold property in the first ...


Review Of Tax Incentive Legislations Conducive To Investments In Jordan, Dr. Abdelrauof A. Al Kasasbeh 2022 Associate Professor of Public Law Law School, Mutah University, Karak, Jordan

Review Of Tax Incentive Legislations Conducive To Investments In Jordan, Dr. Abdelrauof A. Al Kasasbeh

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU JOURNAL OF LAW

Generally, all countries will try and encourage economic growth by providing the right economic environment for investor. Tax incentives legislations are considered one of the most used tools that can encourage foreign and local investors to bring in and inject the required cash to any economy.

Jordan, like any country, has its own set of tax incentives legislation to help grow its own economy. In this article these tax incentives legislations will be looked at and scrutinised, as some of these legislations do contradicts others within the Jordanian law. These contradictions within the Jordanian tax legislations come from the following ...


Donor-Advised Funds In The Wake Of The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, David I. Walker 2022 Boston University School of Law

Donor-Advised Funds In The Wake Of The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, David I. Walker

Faculty Scholarship

Donor-advised funds (DAFs) are conduits for charitable giving that support immediate tax deductions while creating a reservoir of assets for subsequent disposition to end-use charities. The number of new DAF accounts has skyrocketed in the wake of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). This Article presents evidence suggesting that bunching charitable contributions to game the TCJA-enhanced standard deduction likely motivates much of the onslaught of new DAF accounts established since 2016 and argues that the typical buncher is likely to differ from other DAF account holders in ways that matter from a policy perspective. Thus, while DAF critics ...


Tax Challenges In Debt Financing Involving Digital Tokens, Vincent OOI 2022 Singapore Management University

Tax Challenges In Debt Financing Involving Digital Tokens, Vincent Ooi

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

When digital tokens are used in debt finance, one cannot assume that the same orthodox tax treatment will apply. The highly specific nature of tax provisions means that they may apply very differently once digital tokens rather than fiat currency are involved. Through a case study of Singapore law, this article shows that if debt finance transactions involving digital tokens are not carefully structured, there may be severe tax consequences, including the inability to deduct borrowing costs or benefit from common tax incentives, and the possible incurrence of additional tax liabilities. This article submits that, under Singapore tax law, it ...


The Missing U.S. Vat: Economic Inequality, American Fiscal Exceptionalism, And The Historical U.S. Resistance To National Consumption Taxes, Ajay K. Mehrotra 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Missing U.S. Vat: Economic Inequality, American Fiscal Exceptionalism, And The Historical U.S. Resistance To National Consumption Taxes, Ajay K. Mehrotra

Northwestern University Law Review

Since the 1970s, economic inequality has soared dramatically across the globe and particularly in the United States. In that time, one of the obstacles of using fiscal policy to address inequality has been the growing myth of the “overtaxed American”—the misguided notion that U.S. taxpayers pay more in taxes than residents of other advanced, industrialized countries. This myth has persisted, in part, because of the peculiar and distinctive nature of the fractured American fiscal and social welfare state. Even a cursory review of comparative tax data shows that the United States, by most measures, is a low-tax country ...


When Are We Going To Learn: The Role Of Lawyers In Corporate Fraud, Alexander Klein 2022 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

When Are We Going To Learn: The Role Of Lawyers In Corporate Fraud, Alexander Klein

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2022 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 11, No. 2 – Summer 2022, 2022 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 11, No. 2 – Summer 2022

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Credit For Caring Act Of 2021 H.R. 3321 (117th Congress), Dale Loepp CPA, Tam Nguyen, MST Students BUS 223A Spring 2022 2022 San Jose State University

Credit For Caring Act Of 2021 H.R. 3321 (117th Congress), Dale Loepp Cpa, Tam Nguyen, Mst Students Bus 223a Spring 2022

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Fun Tax Facts, Sheetal Partani EA 2022 San Jose State University

Fun Tax Facts, Sheetal Partani Ea

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Review Of Tax Incentive Legislations Conducive To Investments In Jordan, Dr. Abdelrauof A. Al Kasasbeh 2022 Associate Professor of Public Law Law School, Mutah University, Karak, Jordan

Review Of Tax Incentive Legislations Conducive To Investments In Jordan, Dr. Abdelrauof A. Al Kasasbeh

Journal Sharia and Law

تعد الحوافز الضريبة من أهم صور الأنشطة الاستثمارية التي تحرص التشريعات على تحفيزها بشتى الوسائل، لخلق بيئة استثمارية جاذبة متمثلة في تخفيف العبء الضريبي على المستثمرين مقارنة بما هو مفترض في تحمل نصيبهم من الأعباء المالية العامة.

وقد سار المشرع الأردني بهذا الاتجاه أيضًا من حيث منح العديد من الحوافز الضريبية للمستثمرين، إلا أنه خالف العدالة التشريعية بإيراد نصوص تتضارب مع بعضها، سواء من حيث تحديد مفهوم الاستثمار، أو من حيث تعدد المرجعية القانونية الناظمة لهذه الحوافز، ففي الوقت الذي ذهب قانون الاستثمار إلى تحديد العبء الضريبي بشكل محفز للبيئة الاستثمارية؛ ذهب قانون ضريبية الدخل إلى خلاف ذلك في ...


Tax Harmony: The Promise And Pitfalls Of The Global Minimum Tax, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim 2022 University of Michigan Law School

Tax Harmony: The Promise And Pitfalls Of The Global Minimum Tax, Reuven Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim

Michigan Journal of International Law

The rise of globalization has become a double-edged sword for countries seeking to implement a beneficial tax policy. On one hand, there are increased opportunities for attracting foreign capital and the benefits that increased jobs and tax revenue brings to a society. However, there is also much more tax competition among countries to attract foreign capital and investment. As tax competition has grown, effective corporate tax rates have continued to be cut, creating a “race-to-the-bottom” issue.

In 2021, 137 countries forming the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS passed a major milestone in reforming international tax by successfully introducing the ...


Upaya Pemerintah Terhadap Perlindungan Ekspresi Budaya Tradisional Batik Motif Parang Sebagai Warisan Budaya Dunia, Raden Zulfikar Supinarko Putra 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Upaya Pemerintah Terhadap Perlindungan Ekspresi Budaya Tradisional Batik Motif Parang Sebagai Warisan Budaya Dunia, Raden Zulfikar Supinarko Putra

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Abstract

Batik is not just a design on a piece of cloth, more than that, batik is a soul that blends in the procession of Indonesian society. Since the baby has been carried with a batik cloth, weddings wear batik cloth until when they die they will be covered with batik cloth too usually. This fact become a consideration for UNESCO to establish Indonesian Batik as a Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in the Fourth Session of The Intergovernmental Committee. This research uses a normative legal research method that is descriptive and analytical using a statutory ...


Perbedaan Akad Wakalah Bil Ujrah Dan Akad Qard Terhadap Permasalahan Akad Pembelian Barang Dalam Kehidupan Sehari-Hari, Zendy Sellyfio Ardiana 2022 Universitas Indonesia

Perbedaan Akad Wakalah Bil Ujrah Dan Akad Qard Terhadap Permasalahan Akad Pembelian Barang Dalam Kehidupan Sehari-Hari, Zendy Sellyfio Ardiana

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Abstract

The wakalah bil ujrah and qard contract are contracts that often cause difficulties in implementing the purchase of goods in everyday life, both in safekeeping for purchasing goods and for buying and selling in general. Where if it is wrong in its application, it can cause income in a sale and purchase to be haraam due to an error in understanding the contract used and not describing benefit as the core of maqashid al-sharia which has an important role in determining Islamic law. The purpose of this paper is to find out how the solution to the application of ...


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