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How King V. Burwell Creates Tax Problems For Consumers And What The Treasury Can Do About It, Andy Grewal 2015 University of Iowa College of Law

How King V. Burwell Creates Tax Problems For Consumers And What The Treasury Can Do About It, Andy Grewal

Andy Grewal

Commentators have expressed concern that a government loss in King v. Burwell, which addresses whether taxpayers can enjoy tax credits for policies purchased on federal health care exchanges, will lead to a "death spiral" during future enrollment seasons.

However, this discussion threatens to mask the potential tax problems facing persons who purchase policies this enrollment season. As this short article explains, purchasers may be faced with a surprising tax bill when they complete their 2015 tax returns. Additionally, the government has argued that it can protect customers from surprise tax bills, but it's authority to do so is far ...


Should Divorce Be More Taxing?: Structuring Tax Reduction To Reduce Inequality, Stephanie H. McMahon 2015 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Should Divorce Be More Taxing?: Structuring Tax Reduction To Reduce Inequality, Stephanie H. Mcmahon

Indiana Journal of Law and Social Equality

Current law makes divorce a time for minimizing some couples’ taxes. The group who benefit from the reduction are unlikely to be those in greatest financial need following divorce. Existing divorce-related taxation focuses on shifting the tax burden between spouses, the implicit and explicit elections that enable this shifting, and the classification of who should be entitled to this tax reduction. This article argues that Congress should focus tax reduction on those with minimal resources following divorce to ensure an equitable distribution of the nation’s tax burden. This article proposes an alternative tax regime more consistent with mitigating inequality ...


The Moral Undercurrent Beneath The Regulatory Regime Of Investor Protection, Huhnkie Lee 2015 SelectedWorks

The Moral Undercurrent Beneath The Regulatory Regime Of Investor Protection, Huhnkie Lee

Huhnkie Lee

No abstract provided.


The Moral Undercurrent Beneath The Regulatory Regime Of Investor Protection, Huhnkie Lee 2015 SelectedWorks

The Moral Undercurrent Beneath The Regulatory Regime Of Investor Protection, Huhnkie Lee

Huhnkie Lee

No abstract provided.


United States V. Woods And The Future Of The Tax Blue Book As A Means Of Penalty Avoidance And Statutory Interpretation, Cole Barnett 2015 University of Florida Levin College of Law

United States V. Woods And The Future Of The Tax Blue Book As A Means Of Penalty Avoidance And Statutory Interpretation, Cole Barnett

Florida Law Review

The Blue Book is a “General Explanation” of tax law prepared by the Joint Committee on Taxation, and is commonly relied upon by both taxpayers and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). In United States v. Woods, the U.S. Supreme Court broadly disapproved of judicial deference to the Blue Book when courts are faced with such reliance. Yet, the Court left no guidance on when the Blue Book should or should not prove persuasive. The Court’s decision to summarily undermine Blue Book deference—without further elaboration, sophistication, or nuance—will give taxpayers pause when considering whether to rely on ...


People's Republic Of China - Personal Income Tax, Olive E. Bell 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

People's Republic Of China - Personal Income Tax, Olive E. Bell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


International Tax Free Exchanges: The Structure Of I.R.C. Section 367, Vikram A. Gosain 2015 University of California, Hastings College of Law

International Tax Free Exchanges: The Structure Of I.R.C. Section 367, Vikram A. Gosain

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Tax Planning: Foreign Investment In United States Real Property, William H. Newton III 2015 Kimbrell, Hamann, Jennings, Womack, Carlson & Kniskern

Tax Planning: Foreign Investment In United States Real Property, William H. Newton Iii

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Problem Of Nonprofit Executive Pay?: Evidence From U.S. Colleges And Universities, Brian D. Galle, David I. Walker 2015 Boston College

The Problem Of Nonprofit Executive Pay?: Evidence From U.S. Colleges And Universities, Brian D. Galle, David I. Walker

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Nonprofit organizations suffer from agency problems that are similar to or perhaps even more severe than those observed at for-profit companies. As a result, one might expect the executive pay setting process in the two sectors to reflect similar deficiencies. This Article explains why the managerial power theory that was developed to help explain for-profit executive pay is plausibly applicable to nonprofits. More importantly, this Article offers new evidence based on data from a large panel of colleges and universities collected across a nine year period that supports the idea that potential stakeholder outrage plays a role in limiting nonprofit ...


In Agents We Trust-A Proposal For Material Participation Of Trusts, Alan Wilson, Ryan Pulver 2015 Jackson Kelly, PLLC

In Agents We Trust-A Proposal For Material Participation Of Trusts, Alan Wilson, Ryan Pulver

Wyoming Law Review

In the business succession planning context, estate planners frequently employ the use of trusts to pass ownership of a business from one generation to another. Often, the beneficiaries of such a trust include the children of the grantor. The trust mechanism provides trustee oversight and a controlled process for transition. In many cases, the child/trust beneficiary works in the business and perhaps earns his or her sole income from participation in the business with the promise of direct ownership in the future. This transition requires thorough planning to properly pass ownership in the most tax-efficient manner.

In 2010, Congress ...


Cleaning The Muck Of Ages From The Windows Into The Soul Of Income Tax, John Passant 2015 University of Wollongong; Australian National University

Cleaning The Muck Of Ages From The Windows Into The Soul Of Income Tax, John Passant

John Passant

The aim of this paper is to provide readers with an insight into Marx’s methods as a first step to understanding income tax more generally but with specific reference to Australia’s income tax system. I do this by introducing readers to the ideas about the totality that is capitalism, appearance and form, and the dialectic in Marx’s hands. This will involve looking at income tax as part of the bigger picture of capitalism, and understanding that all things are related and changes in one produce changes in all. Appearances can be deceptive and we need to delve ...


Reviving Fiscal Citizenship, Ajay K. Mehrotra 2015 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Reviving Fiscal Citizenship, Ajay K. Mehrotra

Michigan Law Review

April 15 is a day that most Americans dread. That date is, of course, when federal and nearly all state-level individual income tax returns are due. Agonizing over the filing of income tax returns has long been a perennial part of modern American legal culture. Since the mid-1940s, when the United States first adopted a return-based mass income tax, the vast majority of Americans have been legally required to file an annual Form 1040. Over the years, taxpayers have been complaining about, procrastinating over, and generally loathing the filing of their annual tax returns. Indeed, in recent times, April 15 ...


Expanding The Renewable Energy Industry Through Tax Subsidies Using The Structure And Rationale Of Traditional Energy Tax Subsidies, Blake Harrison 2015 University of Michigan Law School

Expanding The Renewable Energy Industry Through Tax Subsidies Using The Structure And Rationale Of Traditional Energy Tax Subsidies, Blake Harrison

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Just as the government invested in oil and gas, it must now invest in new energy sources. In a sense, Americans need history to repeat itself. This Note suggests that Congress should amend the United States Tax Code to further subsidize the renewable energy industry. Congress should use subsidies historically available to the oil and gas industries as a model in its amendments. These subsidies serve as a model for promoting the renewable energy industry because such subsidies were fundamental in facilitating the oil and gas industries’ dominance today. Ultimately, Congress must further subsidize the renewable energy industry to avoid ...


Sharpened Blades: The United States Government’S Aggressive Attempt To Close The “Unpatriotic” Loophole Known As Corporate Inversions, Lili Sowlati 2015 Bocconi University School of Law, Milan

Sharpened Blades: The United States Government’S Aggressive Attempt To Close The “Unpatriotic” Loophole Known As Corporate Inversions, Lili Sowlati

Bocconi Legal Papers

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The Psychic Cost Of Tax Evasion, Kathleen DeLaney Thomas 2015 University of North Carolina Law School

The Psychic Cost Of Tax Evasion, Kathleen Delaney Thomas

Boston College Law Review

Each year, the government loses hundreds of billions of dollars in tax revenue due to underreporting by individual taxpayers. According to standard deterrence theory, policymakers should be able to reduce tax evasion by increasing tax penalties, raising the audit rate, or some combination of the two. This Article refers to these strategies as increasing the “monetary cost” of tax evasion. To date, budgetary limitations and political hurdles have made these strategies difficult for the government to employ. There is, however, another potential means by which the government can improve tax compliance, apart from raising the monetary cost of evasion. Empirical ...


Why Corporate Tax Reform Can Happen, Edward D. Kleinbard 2015 University of Southern California

Why Corporate Tax Reform Can Happen, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This brief essay explains what the stakes are for corporate tax reform and why such reform is more politically feasible than most observers believe. The largest conceptual impediments to corporate tax reform are international tax design and the fact that a large fraction of U.S. business income is earned by unincorporated businesses. In response, the essay demonstrates that a framework has emerged with respect to the former that can serve as the basis for constructive negotiations. The essay further lays out a novel strategy for dealing with unincorporated businesses in corporate tax reform, which is to construct a corporate ...


The Proposed Inheritance Tax And Its Impact On China's Economy, Michael Steve 2015 Southern Methodist University

The Proposed Inheritance Tax And Its Impact On China's Economy, Michael Steve

Michael Steve

No abstract provided.


Tax Reform Proposals On A Gift Tax On The Transfer Of Property By Nonresidents, Daze Swift Lee 2015 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Tax Reform Proposals On A Gift Tax On The Transfer Of Property By Nonresidents, Daze Swift Lee

University of Massachusetts Law Review

This Note raises taxation issues pertaining to a gift tax on the transfer of property by nonresidents under current United States tax rules. It further illustrates patterns and trends to evade a gift tax using transaction maneuvers. These issues are defined in three categories: a gift tax on the transfer of property situated only within the United States by a nonresident, no gift tax on the transfer of intangible assets, and transferee liability. In response to such issues, this Note calls for corresponding proposals to resolve gift taxation problems. It proposes that a gift tax should be imposed on the ...


Some Basic Marxist Concepts To Understand Income Tax, John Passant 2015 University of Wollongong; Australian National University

Some Basic Marxist Concepts To Understand Income Tax, John Passant

John Passant

The paper introduces readers to some basic Marxist concepts to give the building blocks for an alternative understanding of tax and perhaps even to inspire some to use these concepts and ideas in their future research. It argues that the tax system reflects the phenomena of wealth and income and that there is a deeper reality obscured and ignored by the income tax system as an outcrop of a capitalist system which does the same. This deeper reality is that capital exploits workers and that profit, rent, interest and the like are the money form of the unpaid labour of ...


The Treasury's Twenty Year Battle With Treaty Shopping: Article 16 Of The 1977 United States Model Treaty, Robert R. Oliva 2015 Florida International University

The Treasury's Twenty Year Battle With Treaty Shopping: Article 16 Of The 1977 United States Model Treaty, Robert R. Oliva

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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