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Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2017 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them.  The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them.  The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Determining An Individual's Federal Income Tax Liability When The Tax Benefit Rule Applies: A Fifty-Year Checkup Brings A New Prescription For Calculating Gross, Adjusted Gross, And Taxable Incomes, Matthew J. Barrett 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Determining An Individual's Federal Income Tax Liability When The Tax Benefit Rule Applies: A Fifty-Year Checkup Brings A New Prescription For Calculating Gross, Adjusted Gross, And Taxable Incomes, Matthew J. Barrett

Matthew J. Barrett

The tax benefit rule should be described to indicate that it applies to credits and exclusions besides deductions, and deduction recoveries should be reported in the same location as was affected initially. The recovery should not affect gross income, for the purpose of tax equity. The recovery should rather affect either taxable income or adjusted gross income. The IRS and the courts should adopt this new description and principles.


The Psychological Autopsy In Judicial Opinions Under Section 2035, Thomas L. Shaffer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

The Psychological Autopsy In Judicial Opinions Under Section 2035, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

No abstract provided.


Welfare State Crime In Canada: The Politics Of Tax Evasion In The 1980s, Lorne Sossin 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Welfare State Crime In Canada: The Politics Of Tax Evasion In The 1980s, Lorne Sossin

Lorne Sossin

This paper considers the phenomenon of tax evasion in the 1980s in Canada as an outgrowth of a crisis in the welfare state. The lack of social protest over the high incidence of tax evasion among the wealthiest stratum of Canadian individuals and corporations is, on this view, linked to the transformation of politicized citizens into depoliticized clients. Tax evasion, along with legal tax avoidance both proliferated in the 1980s which reflects the convergence of a number of events including the increase in use of tax expenditures, the decreasing emphasis on enforcement in tax administration, the rise of neoconservatism and ...


Northwestern, O'Bannon And The Future: Cultivating A New Era For Taxing Qualified Scholarships, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein 2016 Central Michigan University

Northwestern, O'Bannon And The Future: Cultivating A New Era For Taxing Qualified Scholarships, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

On March 26, 2014, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) ruled that Northwestern University’s scholarship football players were employees of the institution and could unionize and bargain collectively. From a federal income tax perspective, the significance of the NLRB decision - at that time - was that it could redefine the principle that select student-athletes are no longer unpaid amateurs receiving qualified scholarships, but instead are employees of their institutions earning scholarship funds in exchange for services rendered as college athletes. Accordingly, a crucial question arising from the NLRB holding was whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) could logically continue to ...


All Is Whale That Ends Whale? The Deficiencies In National Protection For Orca Whales In Captivity, Hillary T. Wise 2016 University of Akron

All Is Whale That Ends Whale? The Deficiencies In National Protection For Orca Whales In Captivity, Hillary T. Wise

Akron Law Review

With the severity of our Earth’s climate change crisis, this article endeavors to underline the critical need for environmental reformation. It is no secret that orca whales epitomize miraculous intelligence, gentility, and strength. As overwhelming as this crisis might be, there are very concrete steps that our legal system can take to begin protecting and making a difference for our whales and our Earth. It is my hope that this article can shed some light on what is at stake for these animals, and how we might move forward toward a sustainable, safe future for them.


Getting Back To The "Grassroots" Of Tax Administration: Because "We The People" Long For A Gathering Of American Eagles To Restore Trust In The Internal Revenue Service With A Rebuild Irs Initiative, Frank Wolpe 2016 University of Akron

Getting Back To The "Grassroots" Of Tax Administration: Because "We The People" Long For A Gathering Of American Eagles To Restore Trust In The Internal Revenue Service With A Rebuild Irs Initiative, Frank Wolpe

Akron Law Review

Like America, our Internal Revenue Service is a work in progress. Yet, for best results, it’s better to avoid thinking too much about what it is or is not! Instead, let’s think more about what the IRS ought to be! This Article thusly offers a realistic path forward with new choices for a local presence, which once again makes it taxpayer/customer-centric. For more effective tax administration, it also offers a return to something that inexcusably went missing in 1998: senior-executive “on-site oversight” of field operations.

If today’s Internal Revenue Service can be fairly described as an ...


The Quagmire Of Mortgage Short Sale Transactions Under Current Homeownership Tax Policy In A Time Of Crisis, Tracie R. Porter 2016 University of Akron

The Quagmire Of Mortgage Short Sale Transactions Under Current Homeownership Tax Policy In A Time Of Crisis, Tracie R. Porter

Akron Law Review

The 2007 financial crisis continues to loom over homeowners who own underwater properties. What owning underwater property means for homeowners is that the home’s current market value is less than the mortgage balance, making it impossible to sell or refinance the home without the lender’s approval. The quagmire of financial indebtedness created by current tax laws and policy related to Mortgage Short Sale Transactions, or MSSTs, for homeowners creates an onerous tax liability on taxpayers selling underwater properties. The government and lenders, through various programs implemented to help distressed homeowners with underwater properties, created a belief among homeowners ...


Northwestern, O'Bannon And The Future: Cultivating A New Era For Taxing Qualified Scholarships, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein 2016 University of Akron

Northwestern, O'Bannon And The Future: Cultivating A New Era For Taxing Qualified Scholarships, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein

Akron Law Review

On March 26, 2014, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) ruled that Northwestern University’s scholarship football players were employees of the institution and could unionize and bargain collectively. From a federal income tax perspective, the significance of the NLRB decision—at that time—was that it could redefine the principle that select student-athletes are no longer unpaid amateurs receiving qualified scholarships, but instead are employees of their institutions, earning scholarship funds in exchange for services rendered as college athletes. Accordingly, a crucial question arising from the NLRB holding was whether the Internal Revenue Service could logically continue to treat ...


General Electric's Tax Liability: The Case For Corporate Tax Reform, Willis L. Krumholz 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

General Electric's Tax Liability: The Case For Corporate Tax Reform, Willis L. Krumholz

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Increasing Charitable Contributions Through The Use Of Trusts, Philip P. Martin, Jr., Joseph A. Sinclitico 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Increasing Charitable Contributions Through The Use Of Trusts, Philip P. Martin, Jr., Joseph A. Sinclitico

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Motion For Leave To File Brief And Brief Of The National Taxpayers Union, The Nevada Manufacturers Association, The Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Foundation, Americans For Limited Government, Americans For Tax Reform, The Club For Growth, Nevada Corporate Headquarters, Inc., The Nevada Motor Transport Association, The Retail Association Of Nevada, And The Reno-Sparks Chamber Of Commerce, As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners, Paul E. Salamanca 2016 University of Kentucky College of Law

Motion For Leave To File Brief And Brief Of The National Taxpayers Union, The Nevada Manufacturers Association, The Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Foundation, Americans For Limited Government, Americans For Tax Reform, The Club For Growth, Nevada Corporate Headquarters, Inc., The Nevada Motor Transport Association, The Retail Association Of Nevada, And The Reno-Sparks Chamber Of Commerce, As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioners, Paul E. Salamanca

Paul E. Salamanca

No abstract provided.


The Administration Of Canada’S Transfer Pricing Rules: Issues And Recommendations, Jinyan Li, Pierre Barsalou, John Oatway, François Vincent 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

The Administration Of Canada’S Transfer Pricing Rules: Issues And Recommendations, Jinyan Li, Pierre Barsalou, John Oatway, François Vincent

Jinyan Li

No abstract provided.


Taxation Of Foreign Business And Investment In The People's Republic Of China, Alex Easson, Li Jinyan 2016 Selected Works

Taxation Of Foreign Business And Investment In The People's Republic Of China, Alex Easson, Li Jinyan

Jinyan Li

Up until the last six or seven years, very little attention has been paid in the West to the tax system of the People's Republic of China ("PRC" or "China"). This is understandable since, in the immediate post-liberation years, many countries in the Western Hemisphere tried hard to pretend that the PRC did not exist at all. Following its break with the Soviet Union in 1960, China adhered firmly to a policy of self-reliance. China's opening to the West, in economic terms, did not really begin until approximately 1978. Given the type of economic system which had evolved ...


International Mobility Of Highly Skilled Workers In The Canadian Context: Tax Barriers And Reform Options, Jinyan Li 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

International Mobility Of Highly Skilled Workers In The Canadian Context: Tax Barriers And Reform Options, Jinyan Li

Jinyan Li

No abstract provided.


Comparison And Assessment Of The Tax Treatment Of Foreign Source Income In Canada, Australia, France, Germany And The United States, Jinyan Li, Brian Arnold, Nolan Sharkey 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Comparison And Assessment Of The Tax Treatment Of Foreign Source Income In Canada, Australia, France, Germany And The United States, Jinyan Li, Brian Arnold, Nolan Sharkey

Jinyan Li

No abstract provided.


The Trojan Horse Of Corporate Integration, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

The Trojan Horse Of Corporate Integration, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The U.S. Senate Finance Committee has invested significant resources, including hearings and staff reports, to make the case for an unusual form of corporate dividend integration – a corporate dividends-paid deduction, combined with a universal shareholder dividend withholding tax collected from the firm. This proposal would not reduce the cash tax outlays of U.S. corporations in respect of distributed or retained earnings. It would not reduce the aggregate tax burdens imposed on most shareholders, and in many plausible circumstances would raise those tax costs. It is a poorly targeted response to design weaknesses in the U.S. international corporate ...


It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Globalization, trade and other free market policies increase wealth. But the gains from trade are not being evenly spread among all citizens. People and politicians rage against foreigners. But it is the United States tax system, not trade, that ought to change, and wealthy Americans, not workers world-wide, who should be sharing the wealth. A nd it is the form of tax, not just its rate structure, that must reform, so that capital at last bears a meaningful share of the burden.


Searching For Our Fiscal Soul, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

Searching For Our Fiscal Soul, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This is an extended version of a presentation made at TEDx Livermore 2016, the theme of which was the Economics of Empathy. Searching for Our Fiscal Soul argues that democracy is an exercise in empathy towards fellow citizens we do not know, and, if we did, might not like. We express that empathy through government spending, because that is how we actualize values that are important enough that we are willing to pay for them. This is our fiscal soul in action. Whether measured against the values we all routinely recite, or against the social environments achieved by peer countries ...


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