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Entrenching Interests: State Supermajority Requirements To Raise Taxes, Max Minzner 2017 Selected Works

Entrenching Interests: State Supermajority Requirements To Raise Taxes, Max Minzner

Max Minzner

No abstract provided.


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2017 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them.  The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Regulating Tax Return Preparation, Jay A. Soled, Kathleen DeLaney Thomas 2017 Rutgers University

Regulating Tax Return Preparation, Jay A. Soled, Kathleen Delaney Thomas

Boston College Law Review

Annually, the U.S. government collects nearly $3 trillion of income and employment taxes. With respect to these collections, Form 1040 (U.S. Individual Income Tax Return) seeks to ensure taxpayer accuracy. Currently, two sets of players dominate the Form 1040 preparation and submission process: tax return preparers and tax return preparation software companies. The former guides taxpayers through the entire tax return preparation and submission process, and the latter provides taxpayers with the necessary tools to complete and submit tax returns themselves. Tax return preparers and tax software companies thus stand as vital intermediaries between the government and taxpayers ...


Joint Winners, Separate Losers: Proposals To Ease The Sting For Married Taxpayers Filing Separately, Michelle Lyon Drumbl 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Joint Winners, Separate Losers: Proposals To Ease The Sting For Married Taxpayers Filing Separately, Michelle Lyon Drumbl

Michelle L Drumbl

A taxpayer who is “considered as married” according to the Internal Revenue Code’s definition must file either a joint income tax return or an individual return using the “married filing separately” filing status. Those married taxpayers who file a separate, rather than a joint, income tax return are denied valuable benefits and subjected to a host of other unfavorable limitations. Low-income taxpayers, in particular, are hurt by these limitations. Certain married taxpayers, including victims of domestic violence and abandoned spouses, may have no choice but to file using the married filing separately status. Low-income taxpayers are denied tremendous benefits ...


Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, Wei Cui 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Destination-Based Cash-Flow Taxation: A Critical Appraisal, Wei Cui

Faculty Publications

This article offers the first comprehensive scholarly response to proposals for destination-based, cash-flow taxation (DCFT). DCFT proposals have attracted heightened public attention in 2016 because of its incorporation into the U.S. House Republican Blueprint for tax reform and Donald Trump’s subsequent election to the White House. They also continue to fascinate tax specialists by suggesting that corporate profit can not only be taxed in countries of “source” or “residence,” but also (or even exclusively) in the countries where sales to final consumers occur. This Article clarifies the logical structure of DCFT proposals and exposes substantial gaps between their ...


When Helpers Hurt: Protecting Taxpayers From Preparers, Michelle L. Drumbl 2016 Washington and Lee University School of Law

When Helpers Hurt: Protecting Taxpayers From Preparers, Michelle L. Drumbl

Michelle L Drumbl

None available.


Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Country By Country Reporting And Corporate Privacy: Some Unanswered Questions, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

Corporate privacy is an oxymoron. Individuals have a right to privacy, which the Supreme Court has recognized at least since Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Warren and Brandeis’ famous defense of the right to privacy (1890) clearly applied only to individuals, because only individuals have the kind of feelings that are affected by invasions of privacy. Corporations are legal entities, and the concept of privacy does not apply to them, as the Supreme Court held in 1906. Thus, any objection to making corporate tax returns public cannot rest on the right to privacy. In fact, corporate returns were made public in ...


Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Mandatory Third Party Compliance Examinations For Investment Advisers: An Sec Waterloo?, Mercer Bullard

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) appears to be on the verge of requiring investment advisers to undergo third party examinations. One justification for the rulemaking is that the Commission lacks sufficient resources to examine advisers frequently enough. Another is to create indirectly a self-regulatory organization (SRO) for investments advisers. Both may leave a rulemaking particularly vulnerable to challenge as arbitrary and capricious under the Administrative Procedures Act. This Article considers three novel grounds on which a rulemaking may be successfully challenged. Congress has repeatedly rejected SEC requests to provide additional funding for examinations or to create an ...


Capital Taxation In An Age Of Inequality, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

Capital Taxation In An Age Of Inequality, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The standard view in the U.S. tax law academy remains that capital income taxation is both a poor idea in theory and completely infeasible in practice. But this ignores the first-order importance of political economy issues in the design of tax instruments. The pervasive presence of gifts and bequests renders moot the claim that the results obtained by Atkinson and Stiglitz (1976) counsel against taxing capital income in practice.

Taxing capital income is responsive to important political economy exigencies confronting the United States, including substantial tax revenue shortfalls relative to realistic government spending targets, increasing income and wealth inequality ...


Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Reducing Inequality With A Progressive State Tax Credit, Eric Kades 2016 William & Mary Law School

Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due: Reducing Inequality With A Progressive State Tax Credit, Eric Kades

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Right Tax At The Right Time, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

The Right Tax At The Right Time, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The companion paper to this (Capital Taxation in an Age of Inequality) argues that a moderate flat-rate (proportional) income tax on capital imposed and collected annually has attractive theoretical and political economy properties that can be harnessed in actual tax instrument design. This paper continues the analysis by specifying in detail how such a tax might be designed.

The idea of the Dual Business Enterprise Income Tax, or Dual BEIT, is to offer business enterprises a neutral profits tax environment in which to operate, in which normal returns to capital are exempt from tax by means of an annual capital ...


La Prescripción Adquisitiva Y El Régimen Económico De La Propiedad Privada, Leonardo Jara Bazán 2016 Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

La Prescripción Adquisitiva Y El Régimen Económico De La Propiedad Privada, Leonardo Jara Bazán

Leonardo Jara Bazan

No abstract provided.


Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Why Tax Wealth Transfers?: A Philosophical Analysis, Jennifer Bird-Pollan 2016 University of Kentucky College of Law

Why Tax Wealth Transfers?: A Philosophical Analysis, Jennifer Bird-Pollan

Jennifer Bird-Pollan

The one-hundredth anniversary of the estate tax provides an ideal moment to reflect on the role of wealth transfer taxation in the larger scheme of the U.S. tax system. Wealth and income inequality are at historically high levels, and the responses to these issues are often reduced to a simplistic political dichotomy of “right” versus “left.” The multitude of views of the American people cannot be reduced to such simple generalities without losing important nuances. This Article identifies three general categories of political philosophical viewpoints that are commonly endorsed by both politicians and everyday Americans, and then examines the ...


The "Estate Planning" Interviewer, Thomas L. Shaffer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

The "Estate Planning" Interviewer, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

Professor Shaffer's article The "Estate Planning" Interviewer is the Introduction: Part II, in J.K. Lasser's Estate Tax Techniques on pages INT-25 to INT-51


Beyond Polemics: Poverty, Taxes, And Noncompliance, Michelle Lyon Drumbl 2016 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Beyond Polemics: Poverty, Taxes, And Noncompliance, Michelle Lyon Drumbl

Faculty Scholarship

The earned income tax credit (EITC) is perhaps the most significant refundable credit in the U.S. tax system. Designed as an anti-poverty program, it is a social benefit administered by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Studies show it has a positive impact upon the children whose families receive it. Despite its many positives, however, the EITC is a program that for years has been plagued by taxpayer noncompliance. Though it is believed that the majority of EITC noncompliance may be unintentional, public reports of misconduct and fraud hurt the program’s image and fuel political rhetoric.

This article unpacks ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro 2016 University of Miami Law School

The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro

University of Miami Law Review

The last thirty years have witnessed rising income and wealth concentration among the top 0.1% of the population, leading to intense political debate regarding how, if at all, policymakers should respond. Often, this debate emphasizes the tools of public economics, and in particular optimal income taxation. However, while these tools can help us in evaluating the issues raised by high-end inequality, their extreme reductionism—which, in other settings, often offers significant analytic payoffs—here proves to have serious drawbacks. This Article addresses what we do and don’t learn from the optimal income tax literature regarding high-end inequality, and ...


Diligence Du Banquier En Matière D’Investissement Et Droit De Rétention Sur Les Avoirs Du Client_Version Partielle.Pdf, Fabien LIEGEOIS 2016 University of Geneva

Diligence Du Banquier En Matière D’Investissement Et Droit De Rétention Sur Les Avoirs Du Client_Version Partielle.Pdf, Fabien Liegeois

Fabien LIEGEOIS

La relation juridique entre le client et sa banque est dite "complexe", car elle implique la conclusion de plusieurs contrats. La pratique bancaire distingue en outre trois contrats caractéristiques de la situation d'investissement (ou de placement). Nous argumentons dans cette contribution que les devoirs de diligence du banquier fonctionnent sur le principe de la gradation. Cette logique se dégage de la jurisprudence du Tribunal fédéral.

La diligence requise est en effet fonction de l'implication du banquier dans les affaires patrimoniales du client. Sur cette échelle, le contrat de dépôt (Execution Only; blosse Konto-/Depot-Beziehung) se situe en bas ...


Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer

Seattle University Law Review

Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain ...


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