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A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins JD, LLM, Jennifer L. Chapman JD, CPA, Jason M. Gordon JD, MBA 2015 SelectedWorks

A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins Jd, Llm, Jennifer L. Chapman Jd, Cpa, Jason M. Gordon Jd, Mba

Benjamin W. Akins

Bitcoin is a virtual, cryptocurrency growing rapidly in influence throughout the world. Numerous characteristics associated with the bitcoin system, including low transaction costs and greater user privacy, make it appealing as a medium of electronic payment. The number of users of bitcoin, including merchants accepting the currency as a form of payment, has grown considerably in recent years. Estimates indicate that there are more than 60,000 active bitcoin users as of September 2012, with nearly 11 million bitcoins in existence. According to the latest estimates, bitcoin market capitalization is roughly $9 billion. The growth of bitcoin as an accepted ...


Modernizing The Revenue Rule: The Enforcement Of Foreign Tax Judgments, Barbara A. Silver 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Modernizing The Revenue Rule: The Enforcement Of Foreign Tax Judgments, Barbara A. Silver

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Rescission Doctrine: Everything Old Is New Again, Allen Sparkman 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rescission Doctrine: Everything Old Is New Again, Allen Sparkman

Allen Sparkman

This paper considers rescissions--attempts by parties to undo a transaction and have that undoing respected for federal tax purposes. Some commentators have questioned the legal basis for the rescission doctrine as applied by the Internal Revenue Service, and others have argued for expansion or restriction of the doctrine. This paper traces the development of the rescission doctrine, examines a critical article that argues that there is no legal precedent that truly supports the rescission doctrine as it is currently applied by the Internal Revenue Service, considers whether there exists sufficient legal authority for the doctrine as applied by the Internal ...


The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson 2014 SelectedWorks

The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson

John Ferguson

No abstract provided.


Gatt/Wto Rules For Border Tax Adjustment And The Proposed European Directive Introducing A Tax On Carbon Dioxide Emissions And Energy, Christian Pitschas 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Gatt/Wto Rules For Border Tax Adjustment And The Proposed European Directive Introducing A Tax On Carbon Dioxide Emissions And Energy, Christian Pitschas

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Organizations, Reorganizations, Amalgamations, Divisions And Dissolutions: Cross-Border Assets, Double Taxation And Potential Relief Under The U.S.-Canada Tax Treaty, Catherine A. Brown, Christine Manolakas 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Organizations, Reorganizations, Amalgamations, Divisions And Dissolutions: Cross-Border Assets, Double Taxation And Potential Relief Under The U.S.-Canada Tax Treaty, Catherine A. Brown, Christine Manolakas

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


For Sale--One Level 5 Barbarian For 94,800 Won: The International Effects Of Virtual Property And The Legality Of Its Ownership, Alisa B. Steinberg 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

For Sale--One Level 5 Barbarian For 94,800 Won: The International Effects Of Virtual Property And The Legality Of Its Ownership, Alisa B. Steinberg

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Death Of Tax Court Exceptionalism, Stephanie Hoffer, Christopher J. Walker 2014 SelectedWorks

The Death Of Tax Court Exceptionalism, Stephanie Hoffer, Christopher J. Walker

Christopher J. Walker

Tax exceptionalism—the view that tax law does not have to play by the administrative law rules that govern the rest of the regulatory state—has come under attack in recent years. In 2011, the Supreme Court rejected such exceptionalism by holding that judicial review of the Treasury Department’s interpretations of the tax code is subject to the same Chevron deference regime that applies throughout the administrative state. The D.C. Circuit followed suit by rejecting the IRS’s position that its notices are not subject to judicial review under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). This Article calls for ...


Charitable Giving And Utilitarianism: Problems And Priorities, Miranda Perry Fleischer 2014 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Charitable Giving And Utilitarianism: Problems And Priorities, Miranda Perry Fleischer

Indiana Law Journal

Charitable giving is redistributive at heart. It is thus surprising that scholarship on the charitable tax subsidies focuses on the efficient and pluralistic production of public goods while largely ignoring distributive justice concerns. Existing scholarship and current law leave crucial questions unanswered: How should we prioritize among charities? Should subsidized groups be required to help the poor? Are criticisms that charities do too little to help the poor valid? This Article is part of a series that examines how each common theory of distributive justice would answer these questions.

More specifically, this Article explores utilitarianism and the charitable tax subsidies ...


The Medical Device Excise Tax: An Unfair Burden, Elizabeth M. Bolka 2014 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

The Medical Device Excise Tax: An Unfair Burden, Elizabeth M. Bolka

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Kafka E O Sistema Tributário Brasileiro: Uma Visão Pela Perspectiva Do Direito E Economia, Cristiano Carvalho 2014 Latin American and Caribbean Law and Economics Association

Kafka E O Sistema Tributário Brasileiro: Uma Visão Pela Perspectiva Do Direito E Economia, Cristiano Carvalho

Cristiano Rosa de Carvalho

Prefácio ao livro Kafka Alienacao e Deformidade da Legalidade, de Eurico Marcos Diniz de Santi


A Comparison Of Corporate Taxation In The United States And Germany: Different Ways Up The Mountain, Walter D. Schwidetzky 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Comparison Of Corporate Taxation In The United States And Germany: Different Ways Up The Mountain, Walter D. Schwidetzky

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Exotic Dancing: Taxable Gyrations Or Exempt Art, John O. Hayward 2014 SelectedWorks

Exotic Dancing: Taxable Gyrations Or Exempt Art, John O. Hayward

John O. Hayward

Exotic dancers usually embroil themselves in censorship battles with local authorities. But recently they have drawn the attention of tax authorities who have tussled with the owners of so-called “gentlemen’s clubs” over whether the exotic dancing performed in their establishments are subject to taxation. This paper examines several recent cases where state authorities choose to tax exotic dancing while at the same time exempting what some jurists regard as comparable choreographic performances. In the opinion of these commentators, the tax authorities exhibited a bias against low-brow artistic expression, thus engaging in impermissible content discrimination. It advances the proposition that ...


The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson 2014 SelectedWorks

The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson

John Ferguson

No abstract provided.


"Competitiveness" Has Nothing To Do With It, Edward D. Kleinbard 2014 BLR

"Competitiveness" Has Nothing To Do With It, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The recent wave of corporate tax inversions has triggered interest in what motivates these tax-driven transactions now. Corporate executives have argued that inversions are explained by an “anti-competitive” U.S. tax environment, as evidenced by the federal corporate tax statutory rate, which is high by international standards, and by its “worldwide” tax base. This paper explains why this competitiveness narrative is largely fact-free, in part by using one recent articulation of that narrative (by Emerson Electric Co.’s former vice-chairman) as a case study.

The recent surge in interest in inversion transactions is explained primarily by U.S. based multinational ...


Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Beer, Liquor, Or A Little Bit Of Both? Getting To The Bottom Of Properly Classifying Flavored Malt Beverages In The United States And Australia, Bryan A. Schivera

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?, Lawrence W. Waggoner 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?, Lawrence W. Waggoner

Law & Economics Working Papers

This posting updates the article titled Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?. The article was originally posted on SSRN in September 2013. The updated version incorporates a discussion of two new developments—the unveiling of the long-awaited House Ways and Means Committee’s proposal for comprehensive tax reform and the issuance of the president’s proposed budget for 2015. Both of these new developments are disappointing because neither proposes curtailing or effectively curtailing perpetual trusts. By unwittingly granting a tax exemption for perpetual trusts, Congress undermined state perpetuity law and promoted private trusts that can last and remain tax exempt for ...


Complexity And Simplicity In Law: A Review Essay (Cass R. Sunstein, Simpler 2013)), David M. Driesen 2014 Syracuse University

Complexity And Simplicity In Law: A Review Essay (Cass R. Sunstein, Simpler 2013)), David M. Driesen

David M Driesen

This essay discusses Cass Sunstein’s book, Simpler, in order to advance our understanding of the concepts of complex and simple law. Many writers identify complexity with uncertainty and high cost. This essay argues that complexity bears no fixed relationship to costs or benefits. It also shows that complexity’s relationship to uncertainty is so ambiguous that it is profitable to treat complexity and uncertainty as separate concepts. It develops useful separate concepts of legal and compliance complexity that will aid efforts to simplify law, like the one Sunstein claims to have embarked upon. It also argues that complexity is ...


The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen 2014 SelectedWorks

The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen

Mirit Eyal-Cohen

This article highlights an anomaly. It shows that two tax rules aimed to achieve a similar goal were introduced at the same time. Both meant to be temporary and bring economic stimuli, but received a dramatically different treatment. The less efficient or economically inferior survived. Its superior counterpart did not. The article reviews the reasons for this paradox. It shows that the reason is both political and an agency problem. The article not only enriches an important and ongoing debate that has received much attention in recent years, but also provides important lessons to policymakers.


Redevelopment In California: The Demise Of Tif-Funded Redevelopment In California And Its Aftermath, George Lefcoe, Charles W. Swenson 2014 BLR

Redevelopment In California: The Demise Of Tif-Funded Redevelopment In California And Its Aftermath, George Lefcoe, Charles W. Swenson

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

California was the first state to embrace the use of tax increment financing (TIF) for redevelopment, and the first state to abandon it. Both the rise and fall of redevelopment are attributable to the fact that cities and counties sponsoring redevelopment could pledge not just their own share of the property tax increments from redevelopment project areas but also those of the other taxing entities including schools and special districts.

By voter initiative in 1978, California enacted significant limitations on the property tax, cutting property tax revenues by half. The property tax had been the most important revenue source for ...


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