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What Is Insurance? An Analysis Of The Tax Deductibility Of Captive Insurance Premiums, John D. Patten 2022 Northern Illinois University

What Is Insurance? An Analysis Of The Tax Deductibility Of Captive Insurance Premiums, John D. Patten

Honors Capstones

What is insurance for the purposes of a tax deduction? The Internal Revenue Code does not define insurance. Without this definition, taxpayers using alternative insurance products to manage their risks must look to case law to determine whether their arrangements count as tax deductible insurance or non-deductible self-insurance. This paper dives into the four prongs of insurance: insurance risk, risk shifting, risk distributing, and commonly accepted notions of insurance. This paper looks to cases that have dealt with the deduction of captive insurance premiums to provide better insight into the practical application of this test. After discussing the evolution of ...


The Strange And Curious Tax Treatment Of Investment Expenses, Jay A. Soled, Mallory A. Morris 2022 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Strange And Curious Tax Treatment Of Investment Expenses, Jay A. Soled, Mallory A. Morris

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas), Julia Mattingly, Sarah Belcher, Samuel C Kessler 2022 Commonwealth Policy Coalition

A Geographically Targeted Approach For A Preceptor Tax Incentive Using Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (Hpsas), Julia Mattingly, Sarah Belcher, Samuel C Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Years before the COVID-19 pandemic brought on a health care shortage in Kentucky, its rural areas were already struggling to obtain and attract primary care medical practitioners. Even though the number of medical school graduates in the U.S. has steadily increased throughout the years, there is a general disinterest in rural or small-town practice, and legislators throughout the country have pondered ways to address this issue plaguing communities. Versions of Preceptor Tax Incentive legislation in Kentucky have been proposed in the General Assembly to address care shortages in the state, however, all have been unsuccessful at truly targeting rural ...


Written Testimony Of Philip Hackney For The Hearing On Laws And Enforcement Governing The Political Activities Of Tax-Exempt Entities (U.S. Senate Finance Committee Subcommittee On Taxation And Irs Oversight, May 4, 2022), Philip Hackney 2022 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Written Testimony Of Philip Hackney For The Hearing On Laws And Enforcement Governing The Political Activities Of Tax-Exempt Entities (U.S. Senate Finance Committee Subcommittee On Taxation And Irs Oversight, May 4, 2022), Philip Hackney

Testimony

Are tax laws and IRS enforcement up to the task of overseeing the tax issues associated with the political activities of tax-exempt organizations? Though the tax laws governing the tax-exempt realm are wanting, our overall legal structure is not bad. It is justifiable at least. Where we fall down as a nation in this space is in the enforcement. We do not allocate enough resources to this arena, and we do not institutionally offer the support necessary to enforce these laws. These failures do not favor one party over the other but favor those interests in the country with the ...


Green, Or Greed? A Fresh Perspective On The Valuation Of Conservation Easements, Alan Feld, Theodore Sims, Jacob Nielson 2022 Boston Univeristy School of Law

Green, Or Greed? A Fresh Perspective On The Valuation Of Conservation Easements, Alan Feld, Theodore Sims, Jacob Nielson

Faculty Scholarship

Charitable contributions of "conservation easements" have since 1980 allowed high-income taxpayers to shelter income from taxation through overvalued deductions. Overvaluation has increased dramatically in the past 20 years: a 2016 study of all easement decisions since 1980 reported that while overvaluation had averaged by a factor of two before 1994, it averaged by a factor of ten for decisions between 1994 and 2016. SOI data disclose that aggregate easement contributions deducted on Schedule A grew from $2.26 billion in 2015 to $6.5 billion in 2018 (the most recent year available). A recent report by supporters of conservation easements ...


Fiscal Transformations Due To Ai And Robotization: Where Do Recent Changes In Tax Administrations, Procedures And Legal Systems Lead Us?, Maria Amparo Grau Ruiz 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Fiscal Transformations Due To Ai And Robotization: Where Do Recent Changes In Tax Administrations, Procedures And Legal Systems Lead Us?, Maria Amparo Grau Ruiz

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

Tax administrations are currently experiencing transformations worldwide. This phenomenon has an impact on traditional tax rules. Increased technological capabilities open the door to review procedural and substantial regulation. The reinforcement of reporting and transparency requirements, and the connectivity between information systems in the public and private sector, will probably have a decisive influence on the evolution of tax law. Chatbots capture relevant data about the legal persons subject to different types of tax obligations. This information may be used to prepare more detailed administrative guidance, or even design future normative reforms. To efficiently protect justice and the rule of law ...


Questions The Irs Will Not Answer, Emily L. Cauble 2022 DePaul University

Questions The Irs Will Not Answer, Emily L. Cauble

Indiana Law Journal

When a taxpayer plans to undertake a transaction and its tax consequences are unclear, the taxpayer can request a letter ruling from the IRS. The IRS issues numerous letter rulings each year. In 2020, for instance, the IRS issued 777 letter rulings. The IRS refrains from issuing letter rulings on certain topics. At the beginning of each year, the IRS publishes an updated list of the topics on which it will not rule. Many of the topics on which it will not rule arise in areas of tax law governed by standards where the tax outcome depends heavily on each ...


Shining A Bright Light On The Color Of Wealth, A. Mechele Dickerson 2022 University of Texas at Austin School of Law

Shining A Bright Light On The Color Of Wealth, A. Mechele Dickerson

Michigan Law Review

A Review of The Whiteness of Wealth: How the Tax System Impoverishes Black Americans—and How We Can Fix It . By Dorothy A. Brown.


The Intergenerational Equity Case For A Wealth Tax, Daniel Schaffa 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

The Intergenerational Equity Case For A Wealth Tax, Daniel Schaffa

University of Cincinnati Law Review

Intergenerational equity is commonly set aside in favor of other policy objectives, perhaps because of the extreme challenges inherent in adopting and applying an intergenerational equity normative framework. Even when there is a near consensus that the choices of today will have substantial costs in the future, these costs are often downplayed or disregarded. This Article asks whether there are measures that might offer redress to a generation for the costs imposed on it by its predecessors and finds that a one-time wealth tax is a promising option. Although its analysis applies more generally, this Article focuses on the widely ...


International Taxes, Sunita Doobay, Daniel Gottfried, Christie Galinski, Gagan Kumar, Jorge Lopez, Elinore Richardson, Eugenio Romita, Guillermo Villaseñor 2022 Southern Methodist University

International Taxes, Sunita Doobay, Daniel Gottfried, Christie Galinski, Gagan Kumar, Jorge Lopez, Elinore Richardson, Eugenio Romita, Guillermo Villaseñor

The Year in Review

No abstract provided.


A New Framework For Digital Taxation, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim, Karen Sam 2022 University of Michigan Law School

A New Framework For Digital Taxation, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Young Ran (Christine) Kim, Karen Sam

Law & Economics Working Papers

The international tax regime has wide implications for business, trade, and the international political economy. Under current law, multinational enterprises do not pay their fair share of taxes to market countries where profits are generated because market countries are only allowed to tax companies with a physical presence there. Digital companies, like Google and Amazon, can operate entirely online, thereby avoiding market country taxes. Multinationals can also exploit existing tax rules by shifting their profits to low-tax jurisdictions, thereby avoiding taxes in the residence country where their headquarters are located.

Recently, a global tax deal was reached to tackle these ...


Is The Biggest Offer The Best Offer?, Alyssa Croft 2022 South Texas College of Law Houston

Is The Biggest Offer The Best Offer?, Alyssa Croft

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

Many people strive to be professional athletes because of the respect and accomplishment it receives. You make a lot of money, it can be glamorous, you are in commercials and magazines, and sometimes even movies. However, there are some things people do not think about when it comes to professional athletes. One of the biggest is taxation! There are so many different things athletes must think about and do because of taxes so they can take home the most amount of money possible. Athletes must be careful about who they hire to help them with their taxes because they want ...


Ending The Economic War Among States, Nathan Altstadt 2022 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

Ending The Economic War Among States, Nathan Altstadt

Cleveland State Law Review

The United States is under siege; however, the cause is not a foreign adversary. Rather, infighting among states to attract and retain big businesses is jeopardizing the Nation’s economic prosperity.

States compete for businesses, using tax incentives, hoping to capitalize on the benefits these businesses represent. Benefits include improved job growth numbers, a future increase in tax revenue, or, simply, elevated political clout. While competition can lead to a more efficient use of resources, unregulated competition between states for businesses does not illustrate this theory. A national auction for a business, where states are blind to rival offers, may ...


Sb 6: The Review, Creation, And Extension Of Georgia Tax Credits And Deductions, Richard Hardeman, Aidan Zafar 2022 Georgia State University College of Law

Sb 6: The Review, Creation, And Extension Of Georgia Tax Credits And Deductions, Richard Hardeman, Aidan Zafar

Georgia State University Law Review

The Act provides for the review of tax credits and deductions while extending or creating various tax credits and deductions. First, the Act allows certain government officials to request a review of up to five tax credits or deductions per year to evaluate their economic efficiency. Second, the Act creates or extends tax credits and deductions for medical and pharmaceutical manufacturers, high-impact aerospace defense projects, short-line railroads, ticket sales for fine arts performances, rehabilitation of historic structures, yacht maintenance, and projects of regional significance.


How Should Inheritance Law Remediate Inequality?, Felix B. Chang 2022 University of Washington School of Law

How Should Inheritance Law Remediate Inequality?, Felix B. Chang

Washington Law Review

This Article argues that trusts and estates (“T&E”) should prioritize intergenerational economic mobility—the ability of children to move beyond the economic stations of their parents—above all other goals. The field’s traditional emphasis on testamentary freedom, or the freedom to distribute property in a will as one sees fit, fosters the stickiness of inequality. For wealthy settlors, dynasty trusts sequester assets from the nation’s system of taxation and stream of commerce. For low-income decedents, intestacy (i.e., the system of property distribution for a person who dies without a will) splinters property rights and inhibits their ...


Tax Evasion And Fraud In The United States Sex Market, Youngbee Dale 2022 Dale Consulting, LLC.

Tax Evasion And Fraud In The United States Sex Market, Youngbee Dale

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

This study describes tax evasion or fraud in the United States sex market. Prior to this study, scholars have recognized the problem of tax evasion in the commercial sex market as an obstacle to national revenue collection. Tax violation and fraud investigations also are ways to combat the illegal commercial sex industry. However, no studies have focused on the problem in the United States sex market. Hence, this study aims to describe tax evasion or fraud methods used by the criminals operating in the United States sex market. This study relies on both quantitative and qualitative methods to examine the ...


The Pain Of Paying Taxes, Gary M. Lucas Jr 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Pain Of Paying Taxes, Gary M. Lucas Jr

Faculty Scholarship

With a few caveats, standard economic models assume that, from society’s perspective, the payment of a tax constitutes a costless transfer from the taxpayer to the government. The financial loss to the taxpayer is exactly offset by the financial gain to the government, which can use the resulting tax revenue for the benefit of its citizens. In other words, paying taxes forces taxpayers to forgo private consumption, but the resulting loss in utility can be counterbalanced by an increase in utility from government spending. In fact, if the government spends wisely on beneficial public goods that are undersupplied by ...


Federally Mandated Online Sales Tax: A Logistical Solution For The Future Of E-Commerce, Daniel O'Connor 2022 Depaul University College of Law

Federally Mandated Online Sales Tax: A Logistical Solution For The Future Of E-Commerce, Daniel O'Connor

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Economic Structural Transformation And Litigation: Evidence From Chinese Provinces, To Economic Change And Restructuring, Doug Bujakowski, Joan Schmit 2022 Drake University Law School

Economic Structural Transformation And Litigation: Evidence From Chinese Provinces, To Economic Change And Restructuring, Doug Bujakowski, Joan Schmit

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The "Business Interruption" Insurance Coverage Conundrum: Covid-19 Presents A Challenge, Paul E. Traynor 2022 University of North Dakota School of Law

The "Business Interruption" Insurance Coverage Conundrum: Covid-19 Presents A Challenge, Paul E. Traynor

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


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