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Legislative Foundation Of The United States' New International Tax System, Joshua D. Harms 2018 Seattle University School of Law

Legislative Foundation Of The United States' New International Tax System, Joshua D. Harms

Seattle University Law Review

This Note begins with commentary on the United States’ former worldwide system of taxation. This system taxed multinational corporations’ offshore profits at the applicable domestic income tax rate less credits for taxes paid to foreign governments. This tax regime provided for the deferral of income tax due on the profits of multinational corporations’ overseas operations until the time of repatriation. This Note considers the issues inherent in this system and analyzes the repatriation tax holiday under the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004. This holiday has been unanimously criticized by both sides of the political aisle and led to large ...


The Meaning Of Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Edward J. McCaffery 2018 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

The Meaning Of Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

America is on a path towards a level of both wealth and income inequality unparalleled in recorded history. Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century summarizes and conveys the work of Piketty and many co-authors, over many decades, looking at the structure of income and wealth inequality across many nations and centuries. This review essay builds on Piketty’s ambitions as well as his data, in order to put forth a better solution: one that accepts and even embraces the facts of unequal ownership of capital, but changes the social meaning of those facts to avoid the social harms ...


The Death Of The Income Tax (Or, The Rise Of America's Universal Wage Tax), Edward J. McCaffery 2018 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

The Death Of The Income Tax (Or, The Rise Of America's Universal Wage Tax), Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

In 1913, with whispers of progressive politics in the air, Americans ratified a Constitutional amendment allowing for a tax on “all incomes, from whatever source derived.”This set the stage for the individual income tax, a tax meant to fall on wealth and the wealthy. It was a small step, but it was a step. Capital and labor, wealth and wages, would each be paying the price of civilization. The corporate income and gift and estate taxes soon formed a troika of wealth taxes, though the individual income tax fell on upper-income wages as well.

Things changed. Over a century ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2018 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. McCaffery 2018 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

Globalization, trade and other free market policies increase wealth. But the gains from trade are not being evenly spread among all citizens. People and politicians rage against foreigners. But it is the United States tax system, not trade, that ought to change, and wealthy Americans, not workers world-wide, who should be sharing the wealth. A nd it is the form of tax, not just its rate structure, that must reform, so that capital at last bears a meaningful share of the burden.


California Department Of Toxic Substances Control V. Westside Delivery, Llc, Mitch L. WerBell V 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

California Department Of Toxic Substances Control V. Westside Delivery, Llc, Mitch L. Werbell V

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Ninth Circuit’s recent decision in California Department of Toxic Substances Control v. Westside Delivery, LLC reminds prospective purchasers of tax-defaulted property of their responsibility for due diligence.The case addressed the reach of the third-party defense to a CERCLA cost recovery action. The court determined that CERCLA’s third-party defense did not apply to a company which purchased a contaminated property at a tax auction because of its “contractual relationship” with the former owner-polluter and because the relevant contaminating acts occurred “in connection with” the prior polluter’s ownership of the site.


De Novo: Reviewing Tax Court Redressability Incongruities In Innocent Spouse Relief Sections 66© And 6015(F), Jason Harn 2018 Seattle University School of Law

De Novo: Reviewing Tax Court Redressability Incongruities In Innocent Spouse Relief Sections 66© And 6015(F), Jason Harn

Seattle University Law Review

Part One of this Note details the historical background of joint and several liability in federal income taxation. Part Two introduces, compares, and contrasts the two statutory provisions Congress has enacted to relieve “innocent spouses” from joint and several liability. Part Three discusses the incongruent standards of review applied by the Tax Court to these—§§ 66 and 6015—two substantially similar relief provisions. Finally, Part Four suggests remedies to alleviate this incongruity.


Bleeding Women Dry: Tampon Taxes And Menstrual Inequity, Jorene Ooi 2018 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Bleeding Women Dry: Tampon Taxes And Menstrual Inequity, Jorene Ooi

Northwestern University Law Review

In recent years, the problem of menstrual inequity has attracted increased attention. Most states impose a sales tax on menstrual hygiene products—a “tampon tax.” A burgeoning social movement has sought to end the tampon tax, and lawmakers have taken notice by introducing, and in some cases successfully passing, measures to repeal the tax by exempting menstrual hygiene products from the sales tax. This Note evaluates, from a tax policy standpoint, the pros and cons of repealing the tampon tax. It argues that although repeal is usually undesirable as a matter of tax design, the tax should nevertheless be repealed ...


The Death Of The Income Tax (Or, The Rise Of America's Universal Wage Tax), Edward J. McCaffery 2018 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

The Death Of The Income Tax (Or, The Rise Of America's Universal Wage Tax), Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

In 1913, with whispers of progressive politics in the air, Americans ratified a Constitutional amendment allowing for a tax on “all incomes, from whatever source derived.”This set the stage for the individual income tax, a tax meant to fall on wealth and the wealthy. It was a small step, but it was a step. Capital and labor, wealth and wages, would each be paying the price of civilization. The corporate income and gift and estate taxes soon formed a troika of wealth taxes, though the individual income tax fell on upper-income wages as well.

Things changed. Over a century ...


The International Provisions Of The Tcja: Six Results After Six Months, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah 2018 University of Michigan Law School

The International Provisions Of The Tcja: Six Results After Six Months, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Law & Economics Working Papers

Over six months have passed since the enactment of the TCJA, so it is now possible to reach some preliminary conclusions on its impact. The main ones are:

1. The transition tax plus anticipated GILTI tax minus territoriality have resulted in higher GAAP effective tax rates for 2017. In some cases they approach 35% for large multinationals with a lot of offshore income. For the first six months of 2018, however, overall corporate tax revenues are sharply down because of the 21% rate plus expensing. This is the exact reverse of the situation before TCJA in which MNEs showed very ...


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 2 – Summer 2018, 2018 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 2 – Summer 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2018 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Head Of Household Filing Status, Chau Le 2018 San Jose State University

Analysis Of The Head Of Household Filing Status, Chau Le

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Summaries For The 33rd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Silin Chen, June Hostetter, Sahdia Saiara, Jessica Wong, Cherry Zheng 2018 San Jose State University

Summaries For The 33rd Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute, Silin Chen, June Hostetter, Sahdia Saiara, Jessica Wong, Cherry Zheng

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Becker Cpa Exam Review, 2018 San Jose State University

Becker Cpa Exam Review

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Beat And Treaty Overrides: A Brief Response To Rosenbloom And Shaheen, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Brett Wells 2018 University of Michigan Law School

The Beat And Treaty Overrides: A Brief Response To Rosenbloom And Shaheen, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Brett Wells

Law & Economics Working Papers

In a recent paper posted on SSRN, Profs. David Rosenbloom and Fadi Shaheen argue that the Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax (BEAT) (IRC section 59A), as enacted in 2017, is a potential violation of Articles 23 and 24 of US tax treaties. In addition, they argue that the BEAT does not override those treaties and therefore the treaties can be relied upon to overcome the effects of the BEAT. In our opinion, this conclusion is wrong, for two reasons. First, we believe that the BEAT is not a treaty violation. Second, we believe that even if the BEAT were found to ...


The Tao Of The Dao: Taxing An Entity That Lives On A Blockchain, David J. Shakow 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Tao Of The Dao: Taxing An Entity That Lives On A Blockchain, David J. Shakow

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this report, Shakow explains how a decentralized autonomous organization functions and interacts with the U.S. tax system and presents the many tax issues that these structures raise. The possibility of using smart contracts to allow an entity to operate totally autonomously on a blockchain platform seems attractive. However, little thought has been given to how such an entity can comply with the requirements of a tax system. The DAO, the first major attempt to create such an organization, failed because of a programming error. If successful examples proliferate in the future, tax authorities will face significant problems in ...


Making Sense Of The European Union's Vat Tax System: Does The European Court Of Justice's Jurisprudence Support Harmonization?, Jarrod Tudor 2018 University of Akron Wayne College

Making Sense Of The European Union's Vat Tax System: Does The European Court Of Justice's Jurisprudence Support Harmonization?, Jarrod Tudor

The Global Business Law Review

The Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC was adopted by the European Union (EU) as a means toward harmonization of the value-added tax (VAT) system. The Framers of Directive 77/388/EEC believed that a disjointed VAT tax system that existed previously was harmful to the common market’s guarantee of free movement of goods and services that are subject to the VAT tax. The jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the subject of the Sixth Council Directive 77/388/EEC reflects four dominant patterns, including the limitation of member-states to dictate the parameters of the VAT ...


Carried Interest And Beyond: The Nature Of Private Equity Investment And Its International Tax Implications, Young Ran Kim 2018 University of Utah, SJ Quinney College of Law

Carried Interest And Beyond: The Nature Of Private Equity Investment And Its International Tax Implications, Young Ran Kim

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

Private equity funds (PEFs) eliminate entity-level taxation by using pass-through entities. They further minimize their investors’ tax liability by taking the position that profits distributed to both general partners (GPs) and limited partners (LPs) are passive portfolio investment income and taxed preferentially. The taxation of carried interest at low capital gains rates is likely the most infamous loophole. This article challenges such tax position and instead argues that the nature of PEF investment is active. PEFs seek to influence their portfolio companies to increase their value so that they actively manage the companies by acquiring at least 10% of their ...


Code Sec. 1031 After The 2017 Tax Act, Bradley T. Borden 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Code Sec. 1031 After The 2017 Tax Act, Bradley T. Borden

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


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