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Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2017 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them.  The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Capital Taxation In An Age Of Inequality, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

Capital Taxation In An Age Of Inequality, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The standard view in the U.S. tax law academy remains that capital income taxation is both a poor idea in theory and completely infeasible in practice. But this ignores the first-order importance of political economy issues in the design of tax instruments. The pervasive presence of gifts and bequests renders moot the claim that the results obtained by Atkinson and Stiglitz (1976) counsel against taxing capital income in practice.

Taxing capital income is responsive to important political economy exigencies confronting the United States, including substantial tax revenue shortfalls relative to realistic government spending targets, increasing income and wealth inequality ...


The Right Tax At The Right Time, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

The Right Tax At The Right Time, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The companion paper to this (Capital Taxation in an Age of Inequality) argues that a moderate flat-rate (proportional) income tax on capital imposed and collected annually has attractive theoretical and political economy properties that can be harnessed in actual tax instrument design. This paper continues the analysis by specifying in detail how such a tax might be designed.

The idea of the Dual Business Enterprise Income Tax, or Dual BEIT, is to offer business enterprises a neutral profits tax environment in which to operate, in which normal returns to capital are exempt from tax by means of an annual capital ...


Further Remarks On Walras' Law And Nonoptimal Equilibria, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion 2016 Iowa State University

Further Remarks On Walras' Law And Nonoptimal Equilibria, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion

Leigh Tesfatsion

In a recent paper, Aiyagari (1992) demonstrates a connection between the failure of Walras' Law and nonoptimal equihbria in overlapping generations economies. The significant implication of Walras' Law in finite economies, given all prices are positive and all consumers are locally nonsatiated, is that an excess supply (in value terms) cannot exist for some subset of goods without an excess demand (in value terms) existing for some other subset of goods. Aiyagari defines the failure of Walras' Law as a situation in which this implication of Walras' Law does not hold. His basic (and interesting) result is to show that ...


Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Taxation – Selection Of Exchange Rate For Translation Purposes -- Where Multiple Exchange Rates Exist For A Foreign Currency And The Underlying Transaction Is Financial In Nature, The Proper Rate For Translation Components Of Taxable Income Is The "Free" Market Rate (Durovic V. Commissioner Of Internal Revenue, 7th Cir. 1976), Tim J. Floyd

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Why Tax Wealth Transfers?: A Philosophical Analysis, Jennifer Bird-Pollan 2016 University of Kentucky College of Law

Why Tax Wealth Transfers?: A Philosophical Analysis, Jennifer Bird-Pollan

Jennifer Bird-Pollan

The one-hundredth anniversary of the estate tax provides an ideal moment to reflect on the role of wealth transfer taxation in the larger scheme of the U.S. tax system. Wealth and income inequality are at historically high levels, and the responses to these issues are often reduced to a simplistic political dichotomy of “right” versus “left.” The multitude of views of the American people cannot be reduced to such simple generalities without losing important nuances. This Article identifies three general categories of political philosophical viewpoints that are commonly endorsed by both politicians and everyday Americans, and then examines the ...


The "Estate Planning" Interviewer, Thomas L. Shaffer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

The "Estate Planning" Interviewer, Thomas L. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

Professor Shaffer's article The "Estate Planning" Interviewer is the Introduction: Part II, in J.K. Lasser's Estate Tax Techniques on pages INT-25 to INT-51


The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro 2016 University of Miami Law School

The Mapmaker’S Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro

University of Miami Law Review

The last thirty years have witnessed rising income and wealth concentration among the top 0.1% of the population, leading to intense political debate regarding how, if at all, policymakers should respond. Often, this debate emphasizes the tools of public economics, and in particular optimal income taxation. However, while these tools can help us in evaluating the issues raised by high-end inequality, their extreme reductionism—which, in other settings, often offers significant analytic payoffs—here proves to have serious drawbacks. This Article addresses what we do and don’t learn from the optimal income tax literature regarding high-end inequality, and ...


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer

Seattle University Law Review

Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain ...


"Trade Or Business": The Relevance Of A Deceptively Simple Income Tax Phrase To The Labor Code, Federal Statutes, And Private Equity Activity, Arthur Acevedo 2016 Selected Works

"Trade Or Business": The Relevance Of A Deceptively Simple Income Tax Phrase To The Labor Code, Federal Statutes, And Private Equity Activity, Arthur Acevedo

Arthur Acevedo

Corporate law is premised upon two fundamental principles: the pooling of moneys for investment purposes and the privilege of limited liability. The pooling of money enables promoters and investors to efficiently amass and organize substantial sums for investment purposes. The privilege of limited liability assures investors that personal liability for the underlying invested activity is limited to the moneys invested. Limited liability is a sacrosanct principle and a quintessential investment assumption within the investment community. Private equity firms have successfully exploited these two policies. However, a decision by the First Circuit Court of Appeal casts a shadow of doubt on ...


Regulating Charities In The Twenty-First Century: An Institutional Choice Analysis, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer, Brendan M. Wilson 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Regulating Charities In The Twenty-First Century: An Institutional Choice Analysis, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer, Brendan M. Wilson

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

For more than fifty years scholars, practitioners, and government officials have debated whether the federal government, the state governments, or the charitable sector itself can best ensure that charity leaders fulfill their fiduciary duties. The dramatic growth of this sector, recent highly publicized governance scandals, and a push in Congress and the IRS for more federal involvement in this area have now brought this issue to a head. This article lays a foundation for resolving the dispute by developing an institutional choice framework for considering and comparing the various available options. Applying that framework, the article concludes that the best ...


The "Independent" Sector: Fee-For-Service Charity And The Limits Of Autonomy, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

The "Independent" Sector: Fee-For-Service Charity And The Limits Of Autonomy, Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

Although numerous scholars have attempted to explain and justify the benefits provided to charities, none has been completely successful. Their theories share, however, two required characteristics for charities. First, charities must be distinct from other types of entities in society, including governmental bodies, businesses, other types of nonprofit organizations, and informal entities such as families. Second, charities must provide some form of public benefit. Given these defining characteristics, the principal role for the laws governing charities is to protect charities from influences that could potentially undermine these traits. This Article is the first to recognize fully the importance of this ...


Grasping Smoke: Enforcing The Ban On Political Activity By Charities, Lloyd Histoshi Mayer 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Grasping Smoke: Enforcing The Ban On Political Activity By Charities, Lloyd Histoshi Mayer

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer

The rule that charities are not allowed to intervene in political campaigns has now been in place for over fifty years. Despite uncertainty about the exact reasons for Congress' enactment of it, skepticism by some about its validity for both constitutional and public policy reasons, and continued confusion about its exact parameters, this rule has survived virtually unchanged for all of those years. Yet while overall noncompliance with the income tax laws has drawn significant scholarly attention, few scholars have focused on violations of this prohibition and the IRS' attempts to enforce it.

This Article focuses on the elusive issue ...


Nfib V. Sebelius And The Transformation Of The Taxing Power, Barry Cushman 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Nfib V. Sebelius And The Transformation Of The Taxing Power, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

In National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, Chief Justice Roberts wrote for a majority of five Justices in holding that the “shared responsibility payment” required by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) constituted an imposition of a “tax” rather than a “penalty.” Thus, even though the Chief Justice and four other Justices had concluded that the provision was not a legitimate exercise of the commerce power, the Court held that it was a valid exercise of the taxing power. The origin of the distinction between taxes and penalties in taxing power jurisprudence is found in the 1922 ...


Confidence Schemes: Theft Loss Deductions, Restitution, And Public Policy, Steven F. Friedell 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Confidence Schemes: Theft Loss Deductions, Restitution, And Public Policy, Steven F. Friedell

St. John's Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Case Against Income Tax Exemption For Nonprofits, Michael Fricke 2016 St. John's University School of Law

The Case Against Income Tax Exemption For Nonprofits, Michael Fricke

St. John's Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward Mccaffery

Edward J McCaffery

The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them.  The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...


Employer Shared Responsibility Provisions Under The Affordable Care Act, Xuan Hong 2016 San Jose State University

Employer Shared Responsibility Provisions Under The Affordable Care Act, Xuan Hong

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2016 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


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