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Rethinking Criminal Contempt In The Bankruptcy Courts, John A. E. Pottow, Jason S. Levin 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Rethinking Criminal Contempt In The Bankruptcy Courts, John A. E. Pottow, Jason S. Levin

Law & Economics Working Papers

A surprising number of courts believe that bankruptcy judges lack authority to impose criminal contempt sanctions. We attempt to rectify this misunderstanding with a march through the historical treatment of contempt-like powers in bankruptcy, the painful statutory history of the 1978 Bankruptcy Code (including the exciting history of likely repealed 28 U.S.C. § 1481), and the various apposite rules of procedure. (Fans of the All Writs Act will delight in its inclusion.) But the principal service we offer to the bankruptcy community is dismantling the ubiquitous and persistent belief that there is some form of constitutional infirmity with "mere ...


It Depends: Recasting Internet Clickwrap, Browsewrap, "I Agree," And Click-Through Privacy Clauses As Waivers Of Adhesion, Charles E. MacLean 2017 Indiana Tech Law School

It Depends: Recasting Internet Clickwrap, Browsewrap, "I Agree," And Click-Through Privacy Clauses As Waivers Of Adhesion, Charles E. Maclean

Cleveland State Law Review

Digital giants, enabled by America’s courts, Congress, and the Federal Trade Commission, devise click-through, clickwrap, browsewrap, "I Agree" waivers, and other legal fictions that purport to evidence user "consent" to consumer privacy erosions. It is no longer enough to justify privacy invasions as technologically inevitable or as essential to the American economy. As forced consent is no consent at all, privacy policies must advance with the technology. This article discusses adhesion waivers, the potential for FTC corrective action, and a comparison to privacy policies of the European Union.


Social Data Discovery And Proportional Privacy, Agnieszka McPeak 2017 University of Toledo College of Law

Social Data Discovery And Proportional Privacy, Agnieszka Mcpeak

Cleveland State Law Review

Social media platforms aggregate large amounts of personal information as "social data" that can be easily downloaded as a complete archive. Litigants in civil cases increasingly seek out broad access to social data during the discovery process, often with few limits on the scope of such discovery. But unfettered access to social data implicates unique privacy concerns—concerns that should help define the proper scope of discovery.

The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as amended in 2015, already contain the tools for crafting meaningful limits on intrusive social data discovery. In particular, the proportionality test under Rule 26 weighs the ...


The Behavioral Paradox Of Boilerplate, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Behavioral Paradox Of Boilerplate, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan

Faculty Scholarship

Although assent is the doctrinal and theoretical hallmark of contract, its relevance for form contracts has been drastically undermined by the overwhelming evidence that no one reads standard terms. Until now, most political and academic discussions of this phenomenon have acknowledged the truth of universally unread contracts, but have assumed that even unread terms are at best potentially helpful, and at worst harmless. This Article makes the empirical case that unread terms are not a neutral part of American commerce; instead, the mere fact of fine print inhibits reasonable challenges to unfair deals. The experimental study reported here tests the ...


Enjoying Your "Free" App? The First Circuit's Approach To An Outdated Law In Yershov V. Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc., Wendy Beylik 2017 Boston College Law School

Enjoying Your "Free" App? The First Circuit's Approach To An Outdated Law In Yershov V. Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc., Wendy Beylik

Boston College Law Review

On April 29, 2016, in Yershov v. Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. (“Yershov II”), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit held that the Video Privacy Protection Act (“VPPA”) of 1988 extended to a free application provider who disclosed its users’ GPS coordinates, phone identification numbers, and video histories to a data analytics company. In a similar case, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that the VPPA did not apply because the relationship was too weak to render the user a “subscriber” under the Act. The U.S. Court of Appeals for ...


Self-Driving Cars: Autonomous Technology That Needs A Designated Duty Passenger, Michelle L.D. Hanlon 2017 Barry University School of Law

Self-Driving Cars: Autonomous Technology That Needs A Designated Duty Passenger, Michelle L.D. Hanlon

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


Food Safety In The United States And The European Union: Sequel To A Case Study, Bryan Harris 2017 University of New Hampshire

Food Safety In The United States And The European Union: Sequel To A Case Study, Bryan Harris

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The author reports on recent regulatory and legislative developments in the United States and European Union relating to toys imbedded in candy.


Footing The Bill For Natural Gas Leaks: Why States Should Limit Cost Recovery Of Lost And Unaccounted For Gas, Liam Holland 2017 Boston College Law School

Footing The Bill For Natural Gas Leaks: Why States Should Limit Cost Recovery Of Lost And Unaccounted For Gas, Liam Holland

Boston College Law Review

State statutes prohibit unjust or unreasonable natural gas utility rates. Public Utility Commissions (“PUCs”) administer these state laws and permit gas distribution companies to recover natural gas commodity costs related to lost and unaccounted for gas from customers through “purchased gas adjustment clauses.” In most of those states, PUCs permit "total recovery" of all lost and unaccounted for gas costs via these clauses using periodic rate adjustments. A small number of PUCs have reformed purchase gas adjustment clauses in order to incentivize gas distribution companies to reduce lost and unaccounted for gas. This Note advocates for all state public utility ...


Standing In The Future: The Case For A Substantial Risk Theory Of "Injury-In-Fact" In Consumer Data Breach Class Actions, Nicholas Green 2017 Boston College Law School

Standing In The Future: The Case For A Substantial Risk Theory Of "Injury-In-Fact" In Consumer Data Breach Class Actions, Nicholas Green

Boston College Law Review

The increasing digitalization of our personal and professional lives has generated corresponding growth in the amount of electronically stored private information in the hands of third parties. That private information is at risk of theft, loss, or manipulation. Employers that hold employee tax information and merchants that hold significant troves of consumer credit card data are particularly attractive targets. When hackers strike, victims often band together in federal class actions, naming the custodians of their private data as defendants. More and more, however, district courts are dismissing these class action claims at the doorstep for lack of Article III standing ...


Rethinking Children's Advertising Policies For The Digital Age, Angela J. Campbell 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Rethinking Children's Advertising Policies For The Digital Age, Angela J. Campbell

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This article describes major changes in how video content and advertising is delivered to consumers. Digital technologies such as broadband allow consumers to stream or download programming. Smart phones and tablets allow consumers to view screen content virtually anywhere at any time. Advertising has become personalized and integrated with other content.

Despite these major changes in the media markets, the framework for regulating advertising to children has not changed very much since the 1990s. This article argues that the existing regulatory framework must be reinvented to protect children in the digital age. It uses Google’s recently introduced YouTube Kids ...


Looking Back: Unneeded X-Rays, Allan Mazur 2017 University of New Hampshire

Looking Back: Unneeded X-Rays, Allan Mazur

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

From the discovery of x-rays in 1896 to the present, Dr. Mazur explores the history of risk management of radiation exposure from x-rays and nuclear fallout.


Comparing The Epa Indoor Air Quality Personal Computer Model And Field Data, Arash Behravesh, Wilbur A. Spaul 2017 University of New Hampshire

Comparing The Epa Indoor Air Quality Personal Computer Model And Field Data, Arash Behravesh, Wilbur A. Spaul

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

The authors recommend caution in using an EPA model for reconstructing past exposure events as well as for predicting future exposures.


High-Interest Loans And Class: Do Payday And Title Loans Really Serve The Middle Class, Nathalie Martin 2017 Selected Works

High-Interest Loans And Class: Do Payday And Title Loans Really Serve The Middle Class, Nathalie Martin

Nathalie Martin

No abstract provided.


Blocking Ad Blockers, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 272 (2017), Tyler Barbacovi 2017 John Marshall Law School

Blocking Ad Blockers, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 272 (2017), Tyler Barbacovi

The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

The prevalence of ad blocking software (software that prevents the loading of web based advertisements) is a growing problem for website owners and content creators who rely on advertising revenue to earn money. While the number of ad block users continues to increase, there has thus far been no significant legal challenge to ad blocking in the United States. This comment examines how a website owner, through a combination of technological improvements and the anti-circumvention provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, could successfully raise a legal challenge against the purveyors of ad blocking software.


The Corporate Exploitation Of Fundamental Rights: A Nation Of Arbitration, Melanie A. Carlson 2017 Claremont McKenna College

The Corporate Exploitation Of Fundamental Rights: A Nation Of Arbitration, Melanie A. Carlson

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis is an in-depth discussion and analysis of the alternative dispute resolution process of arbitration in the United States. It begins by providing a basic explanatory overview of arbitration clauses and the arbitration process. It then goes on to highlight the various benefits over traditional court litigation that arbitration has to offer. From there, the paper presents a detailed discussion of the many shortcomings of the arbitration process. It identifies the overall lack of procedural fairness that exists in arbitration today due to the fact that arbitration currently tends to favor businesses over consumers and workers during dispute settlements ...


What We Buy When We "Buy Now", Aaron Perzanowski, Chris Jay Hoofnagle 2016 Case Western Reserve University

What We Buy When We "Buy Now", Aaron Perzanowski, Chris Jay Hoofnagle

Aaron K. Perzanowski

Retailers such as Apple and Amazon market digital media to consumers using the familiar language of product ownership, including phrases like “buy now,” “own,” and “purchase.” Consumers may understandably associate such language with strong personal property rights. But the license agreements and terms of use associated with these transactions tell a different story. They explain that ebooks, mp3 albums, digital movies, games, and software are not sold, but merely licensed. The terms limit consumers' ability to resell, lend, transfer, and even retain possession of the digital media they acquire. Moreover, unlike physical media products, access to digital media is contingent ...


Breves Comentarios A Las Recientes Modificaciones Al Código De Protección Y Defensa Del Consumidor, Carlos Tamani 2016 National University of San Marcos-Perú

Breves Comentarios A Las Recientes Modificaciones Al Código De Protección Y Defensa Del Consumidor, Carlos Tamani

Carlos Tamani

No abstract provided.


Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis Of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation, Linda-Jo Schierow 2016 University of New Hampshire

Pesticide Residue Regulation: Analysis Of Food Quality Protection Act Implementation, Linda-Jo Schierow

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Schierow discusses the effects of a recent statute on food safety.


Must The Hand Formula Not Be Named?, Gregory C. Keating 2016 University of Southern California

Must The Hand Formula Not Be Named?, Gregory C. Keating

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This paper responds to Benjamin Zipursky’s Reasonableness in and out of Negligence Law 163 U. PA. L. REV. 2131 (2015). It takes issue with Professor Zipursky’s aversion to the Hand Formula. Trying to write the Hand Formula out of negligence law at this late date is tantamount to repudiating one hundred years of tort law and theory. This revisionary theorizing is as unnecessary as it is quixotic. The Hand Formula is not only too deeply embedded in negligence law to uproot; it is also unobjectionable. Indeed, the Hand Formula is one of modern negligence law’s more important ...


Liability Without Regard To Fault: A Comment On Goldberg & Zipursky, Gregory C. Keating 2016 University of Southern California

Liability Without Regard To Fault: A Comment On Goldberg & Zipursky, Gregory C. Keating

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This paper comments on John C.P. Goldberg & Benjamin C. Zipursky, The Strict Liability in Fault and the Fault in Strict Liability 85 Fordham L.Rev. 743 (2016). In their important writings over the past twenty years, Professors Goldberg and Zipursky have argued that torts are conduct-based wrongs. A conduct-based wrong is one where an agent violates the right of another by failing to conform her conduct to the standard required by the law. Strict liability in tort poses a formidable challenge to the claim that all torts are wrongs whose distinctive feature is that they violate an applicable standard ...


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