Análisis Económico De Las Sanciones Administrativas En El Derecho De La Competencia Y Del Consumo, Camilo Ossa
Encontrará el lector una revisión de un aspecto puntual relacionado con la posibilidad que investigaciones originadas por infracciones al consumidor puedan ser sancionadas vía competencia, con el fin de aprovechar el mayor valor de la sanción, de lo cual se hará una revisión de los aspectos jurídicos que ello implica, además de una propuesta, utilizando herramientas del Análisis Económico del Derecho, que nos puede llevar a convertir una una sanción que se cree “pequeña” en eficiente, siendo óptima para el cumplimiento del fin propuesto en la misma ley. Son dos aspectos puntuales relacionados, primero, con la parte teórica que hay ...
The Missing Link: U.S. Regulation Of Consumer Cosmetic Products To Protect Human Health And The Environment, Valerie J. Watnick
Pace Environmental Law Review
This article explores these lax regulatory efforts and their connection to risk assessment, and proposes changes to our current toxics regulatory paradigm. Part I of this article explores our current regulatory approach for consumer cosmetics. Part II discusses the specific and dire concerns regarding chemicals that are suspected carcinogens and those suspected of disrupting the human endocrine system. The article argues in Part III that because the framework for our current regulation of consumer cosmetic products is not designed to be protective of human health, our regulatory paradigm must shift dramatically in the future if this is to become our ...
Daños Punitivos En Mexico. Renacimiento De La Responsabilidad Civil, 2014 SelectedWorks
Daños Punitivos En Mexico. Renacimiento De La Responsabilidad Civil, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther
Jorge E De Hoyos Walther
La Suprema Corte de Justicia reconoce la existencia de los daños punitivos en México. Esta resolución tendrá un impacto importante en las demandas por responsabilidad civil y en los litigios transfronterizos.
The Law And Economics Of Microfinance, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Law And Economics Of Microfinance, Katherine Helen Mary Hunt
Katherine Helen Mary Hunt
Financial inclusion may be jargon which appeals to international donors and academics, but the strategic implementation in developing countries is often based on international du jour priorities, such as microfinance. The topic of microfinance is highly debated in the academic literature, although little empirical work has been published. Further, no literature to date has considered microfinance from a law and economics perspective. This paper seeks to contribute to the gap in the literature by considering how microfinance has evolved to address the credit market failure, and how microfinance regulation should be designed to promote long term financial inclusion via financially ...
The Future Of The Private Label Securities Market, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Future Of The Private Label Securities Market, David J. Reiss
David J Reiss
The PLS market, like all markets, cycles from greed to fear, from boom to bust. The mortgage market is still in the fear part of the cycle and recent government interventions in it have, undoubtedly, added to that fear. In recent days, there has been a lot of industry pushback against the government’s approach, including threats to pull out of various sectors. But the government should not chart its course based on today’s news reports. Rather, it should identify fundamentals and stick to them. In particular, its regulatory approach should reflect an attempt to align incentives of market ...
Comentarios Al Proyecto Sobre Justicia En Las Relaciones De Consumo, 2014 SelectedWorks
Comentarios Al Proyecto Sobre Justicia En Las Relaciones De Consumo, Gabriel Martinez Medrano
Gabriel Martinez Medrano
Comentario al Proyecto del P.E. Argentino sobre Justicia para las relaciones de Consumo (menor cuantía). Visión positiva del proyecto con algunas indicaciones prácticas.
The Price Of Crisis: Eminent Domain, Local Governments, And The Value Of Underwater Mortgages, Raymond H. Brescia, Nicholas Martin
Raymond H Brescia
In response to the lingering fallout from the Financial Crisis of 2008, local governments have begun to explore whether it is wise and legal to use the power of eminent domain to seize distressed home mortgages. This Article attempts to situate this approach to such mortgages within the larger economic, legal and policy context and asks three key questions. First, are local governments appropriate actors to address the lingering problem of underwater mortgages? Second, assuming they are appropriate actors to address this problem, how should localities and, if necessary, courts, value underwater mortgages in the context of condemnation proceedings: i ...
Armed, Unarmed Or Harmed By Knowledge? A Comment On The Fha's Housing Counseling Pilot Program, David J. Reiss
David J Reiss
The FHA has requested input on its Homeowners Armed with Knowledge (HAWK) for New Homebuyers pilot program. This comment letter argues that housing counseling is not a proven solution to the problem it is meant to solve, excessive defaults by FHA borrowers. HAWK is a traditional housing counseling program but the scholarly literature casts into doubt the efficacy of such programs. It would be better to take time to research which counseling strategies, if any, are proven to be effective. This is true for the FHA but also for other government agencies, such as the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, that ...
Too Complex To Perceive? Drafting Cash Distribution Waterfalls Directly As Code To Reduce Complexity And Legal Risk In Structured Finance, Master Limited Partnership, And Private Equity Transactions, 2014 Pace University
Too Complex To Perceive? Drafting Cash Distribution Waterfalls Directly As Code To Reduce Complexity And Legal Risk In Structured Finance, Master Limited Partnership, And Private Equity Transactions, Ralph C. Mayrell
Pace Law Review
This Article proposes that complex structured finance transactions involving sophisticated investors should adopt an analogous solution to the home construction agreements’ strategy of contracting by reference to blueprints. First, dealmakers should, preferably by choice, place as much of their waterfall distribution specification and related inputs as possible into automated, programmatic representations that will be used to make the actual distribution. In many cases, these agreements already have programmatic representations, so this change should pose relatively few practical challenges logistically. Second, they should, like their counterparts in construction contracts, define the terms of those waterfalls by reference to their functional representations ...
Punitive Damages In Mexico, 2014 SelectedWorks
Punitive Damages In Mexico, Jorge E. De Hoyos Walther
Jorge E De Hoyos Walther
In July 2014 several Court precedents were published, through which the existence of “Punitive Damages” in Mexico was recognized. This resolution will change the way in which civil liability is perceived in our country, and will have implications for individuals and companies doing business overseas.
Discrimination In Customer Segmentation Marketing Practices, 2014 University of Akron
Discrimination In Customer Segmentation Marketing Practices, Jude A. Thomas
Jude A Thomas
Customer segmentation is a powerful analytical marketing practice that is employed by a wide range of businesses to segregate customers with similar characteristics into subgroups in order to inform operational business processes. Such practices allow firms to better allocate their resources in order to form more profitable customer relationships, but they also have the capacity to lead to unfair discriminatory impact upon customer groups. Current legislation is largely unprotective of customers so positioned, but recent trends in the insurance and lending industries suggest that a broader application of anti-discrimination laws could foretell a future of greater restrictions on the implementation ...
The Continuing Battle Of Fda Regulation Of Dietary Supplements And Their Adverse Affect On Young Adults And Other Individuals, Andrew Bernard Jaffe
Andrew Bernard Jaffe
THE CONTINUING BATTLE OF FDA REGULATION OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AND THEIR ADVERSE AFFECT ON YOUNG ADULTS AND OTHER INDIVIDUALS
Ever since the enactment of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has struggled to regulate dietary supplements. This is due to the definition of dietary supplements as foods in the act. This gives supplement manufacturers greater loopholes when introducing supplements on the market. The FDA’s inability to regulate dietary supplements efficiently has been present for decades. Multiple battles are still occurring today which is proven to have an adverse ...
Summary Of Century Sur. Co. V. Casino W., Inc., 130 Adv. Nev. Op. 42, 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law
Summary Of Century Sur. Co. V. Casino W., Inc., 130 Adv. Nev. Op. 42, Michael Paretti
Nevada Supreme Court Summaries
The court determined whether two distinct provisions of an insurance policy regarding air pollution were subject to multiple reasonable interpretations.
Summary Of Lavi V. Eighth Judicial District Court, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 38, 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law
Summary Of Lavi V. Eighth Judicial District Court, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 38, Danielle Barraza
Nevada Supreme Court Summaries
The Court determined whether waiver of the “one-action rule” of NRS 40.430 terminates the procedural requirements for bringing a deficiency judgment action within six months of foreclosure under NRS 40.455.
The Evolution Of The Class Action Trial In Ontario, 2014 Western University
The Evolution Of The Class Action Trial In Ontario, Jon Foreman, Genevieve Meisenheimer
Western Journal of Legal Studies
Only a few short years ago, there was a nearly universal view among practitioners in the class actions field: any class action case that could be certified was almost surely going to settle. The fact of the matter, however, is that this universal view is incorrect. Full-blown class action trials have been occurring in Canada for decades. The authors of this paper embarked on an investigative research project in 2011, aimed at discovering, to the greatest extent possible, all class action matters across the country that had been tried since the advent of class action legislation. Because there were no ...
A Psychological Account Of Consent To Fine Print, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
A Psychological Account Of Consent To Fine Print, Tess Wilkinson-Ryan
The moral and social norms that bear on contracts of adhesion suggest a deep ambivalence. Contracts are perceived as serious moral obligations, and yet they must be taken lightly or everyday commerce would be impossible. Most people see consent to boilerplate as less meaningful than consent to negotiated terms, but they nonetheless would hold consumers strictly liable for both. This Essay aims to unpack the beliefs, preferences, assumptions, and biases that constitute our assessments of assent to boilerplate. Research suggests that misgivings about procedural defects in consumer contracting weigh heavily on judgments of contract formation, but play almost no role ...
A Disclosure-Focused Approach To Compelled Commercial Speech, 2014 University of Michigan Law School
A Disclosure-Focused Approach To Compelled Commercial Speech, Andrew C. Budzinski
Michigan Law Review
In 2010, the Food and Drug Administration passed a rule revising compelled disclaimers on tobacco products pursuant to the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. The rule required that tobacco warnings include something new: all tobacco products now had to bear one of nine graphic images to accompany the text. Tobacco companies filed suit contesting the constitutionality of the rule, arguing that the government violated their right to free commercial speech by compelling disclosure of the graphic content. Yet First Amendment jurisprudence lacks a doctrinally consistent standard for reviewing such compelled disclosures. Courts’ analyses typically depend on whether the ...
Questioni Giuridiche Connesse All'emissione E All'uso Delle Carte Di Credito Revolving, Valerio Sangiovanni
No abstract provided.
The Use Of Tenant Screening Reports And Tenant Blacklisting—2014, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Use Of Tenant Screening Reports And Tenant Blacklisting—2014, Gerald Lebovits
No abstract provided.
Private Rights Under The Housing Act: Preserving Rental Assistance For Section 8 Tenants, 2014 Boston College Law School
Private Rights Under The Housing Act: Preserving Rental Assistance For Section 8 Tenants, John M. Lerner
Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice
The Housing Choice Voucher Program provides low-income families with federally funded rental assistance. In order to receive rental assistance, tenants and landlords must maintain units in compliance with the Housing Quality Standards promulgated by the United States Housing Act. A failure by either party to comply with the Housing Quality Standards results in a termination of the federal funding. Unfortunately for voucher recipients, this means that they can be stripped of their rental assistance through no fault of their own. To remedy this situation, many tenants have tried to bring an action against their landlord, alleging a violation of the ...