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Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 Independent

Criminal Backgrounds Of Sextraffickers - Abstract, Alexis Piccirillo, Amelia Davis, Emily Markey, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Less is known about perpetrators of sex trafficking compared to the victims. The aim of
this study is to learn more about sex traffickers by analyzing the criminal backgrounds of
offenders arrested for sex trafficking crimes. Between 2009 and 2015, there were 22
cases of sex trafficking involving 38 traffickers in Rhode Island. Criminal background
records are publicly available in Rhode Island, so the records for each sex trafficker were
retrieved from the Rhode Island Judiciary Criminal Information online database. In
addition, information on previous convictions was extracted from sentencing memoranda
and other court documents available from Rhode Island Superior ...


Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola 2016 Rowan University

Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola

D.J. Angelone

The present study attempted to develop a laboratory analogue for the study of tolerance for sexual harassment by using an online speed-dating paradigm. In that context, the relation between participants’ sexual harassment attitudes, perpetrator attractiveness, perpetrator status, and perceived dating potential of the perpetrator were examined as factors influencing participants’ tolerance of sexually harassing behavior. Participants were 128 female college students from a small northeastern public university. Results indicated that attractiveness, high social status, and attitudinal beliefs about sexual harassment were all predictive of tolerance for sexual harassment, providing preliminary support for the validity of this paradigm. In addition, participants ...


Grounding Access To Justice Theory And Practice In The Experiences Of Women Abused By Their Intimate Partners, Janet Mosher 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Grounding Access To Justice Theory And Practice In The Experiences Of Women Abused By Their Intimate Partners, Janet Mosher

Janet Mosher

For women seeking to extricate themselves from the web of entrapment woven together by the multiple threads that make up the coercive control repertoire of their abusive intimate partners, it is often difficult to avoid engagement with legal systems. Yet, the legal systems they encounter—criminal, family, child welfare, immigration among them—are frequently unwelcoming (if not hostile), controlling, demeaning, fragmented and contradictory. While there has been a recent explosion of interest in “access to justice,” little attention has been paid to how we might conceptualize access to justice in a manner that speaks meaningfully to the circumstances of women ...


Welfare Queens And Other Fairy Tales: Welfare Reform And Unconstitutional Reproductive Controls, C. R. Albiston, L. B. Nielsen 2016 Berkeley Law

Welfare Queens And Other Fairy Tales: Welfare Reform And Unconstitutional Reproductive Controls, C. R. Albiston, L. B. Nielsen

Catherine R. Albiston

Examines stereotypes of Black women and argues that provisions of current bills that would restrict the reproductive freedom of women on welfare are particularly aimed at them; US. Provisions include mandating of acceptance of the implanted birth control device, Norplant, and denial of increased benefits for any additional children born.


Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Medicaid Maximization And Diversion: Illusory State Practices That Convert Federal Aid Into General State Revenue, Daniel L. Hatcher 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Medicaid Maximization And Diversion: Illusory State Practices That Convert Federal Aid Into General State Revenue, Daniel L. Hatcher

Seattle University Law Review

For years, states have been using illusory schemes to maximize federal aid intended for Medicaid services—and then often diverting some or all of the resulting funds to other use. And states have help. Private revenue maximization consultants are hired by states to increase Medicaid claims, often for a contingency fee. We do not know the exact amount of federal Medicaid funds that has been diverted to state revenue and private profit each year, but it is in the billions. Part I of this Article sets out the structure of the Medicaid program and describes states’ use of revenue maximization ...


My Body, Not My Say: Justice Blackmun's Influential Decision In Roe V. Wade, Kisha K. Patel 2016 Ursinus College

My Body, Not My Say: Justice Blackmun's Influential Decision In Roe V. Wade, Kisha K. Patel

Gender and Women's Studies Summer Fellows

Abortion laws have regulated women’s bodies since the beginning of the country. Many people associate regulation with the case of Roe V. Wade in 1973, in which the Supreme Court ruled that states could not outlaw abortion during the first trimester. Roe v. Wade remains controversial to this day as it failed to establish consensus that women’s decision whether or not to terminate a pregnancy falls within their constitutional right to privacy. Understanding the implications of this decision is fundamental to analyze the debate over the constitutionality of abortion today. This paper examines the opinion written by Justice ...


Women's Health And Abortion Rights: Whole Woman's Health V Hellerstedt, Lawrence O. Gostin, Rebecca B. Reingold 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Women's Health And Abortion Rights: Whole Woman's Health V Hellerstedt, Lawrence O. Gostin, Rebecca B. Reingold

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Nearly a quarter century ago, the Supreme Court asked pro-choice and right-to-life advocates “to end their national division by accepting a common mandate rooted in the Constitution.” Nothing of the sort materialized. If anything, the social and political battles intensified, with states enacting 1074 abortion restrictions. The Court has not considered various appeals in the face of an avalanche of legislation, but on June 27, 2016, it struck down 2 onerous restrictions on physicians and clinics offering abortion services.

In Whole Woman’s Health v Hellerstedt, the Court found Texas’s requirements that physicians conducting abortions obtain admitting privileges at ...


Walking On Eggshells: Abused Women's Experiences Of Ontario's Welfare System, Janet E. Mosher 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Walking On Eggshells: Abused Women's Experiences Of Ontario's Welfare System, Janet E. Mosher

Janet Mosher

No abstract provided.


Une Marche En Terrain Glissant, Janet E. Mosher 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Une Marche En Terrain Glissant, Janet E. Mosher

Janet Mosher

No abstract provided.


Picturing Moral Arguments In A Fraught Legal Arena: Fetuses, Photographic Phantoms And Ultrasounds, Jessica M. Silbey 2016 Northeastern University

Picturing Moral Arguments In A Fraught Legal Arena: Fetuses, Photographic Phantoms And Ultrasounds, Jessica M. Silbey

Jessica Silbey

This article investigates the movement in the U.S. that seeks to regulate the abortion decision by mandating ultrasounds prior to the procedure. The article argues that this reform effort is misguided not only because it is ineffective, but also because ultrasounds provide misleading information and are part of shaming practices that degrade the dignity of women. Both of these problems violate the main tenets of Planned Parenthood of Southern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992). Central to the article’s argument and novelty is that the pro-ultrasound movement’s mistake is both legal and cultural. It misunderstands the nature of visual ...


Diversity In The Boardroom: A Content Analysis Of Corporate Proxy Disclosures, Aaron A. Dhir 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School

Diversity In The Boardroom: A Content Analysis Of Corporate Proxy Disclosures, Aaron A. Dhir

Aaron A. Dhir

My work in this field has focused on regulation by quota and regulation by disclosure. With regard to quotas, strikingly, the Norwegian law is not located in regulation that explicitly deals with human rights or equality issues; rather, it is found in the heart of the legal regime that gives life and personality to corporations – in Norwegian corporate law. I have conducted qualitative, interview-based research with Norwegian corporate directors, both men and women. It is only through understanding how the goals of the law have translated into the day-to-day existence of these individuals that we can begin to consider the ...


Moving Women Out Of Poverty: A Call To Action For Legal Aid, Catherine Carr 2016 New York Law School

Moving Women Out Of Poverty: A Call To Action For Legal Aid, Catherine Carr

Impact Center for Public Interest Law

No abstract provided.


Title Ix, Sexual Assault, And The Issue Of Effective Consent: Blurred Lines—When Should “Yes” Mean “No”?, Lori E. Shaw 2016 University of Dayton School of Law

Title Ix, Sexual Assault, And The Issue Of Effective Consent: Blurred Lines—When Should “Yes” Mean “No”?, Lori E. Shaw

Indiana Law Journal

This Article is intended to set the process in motion by providing the DOE and the educational institutions governed by Title IX with a proposed standard for “effective consent.” Part I provides an overview of the realities of campus life in the 2010s, delving into the root causes of sexual assault and other forms of unwanted sexual contact. Sexual hookups and binge drinking, two aspects of campus life inextricably linked to one another and to unwanted sexual contact, are explored in depth.

Part II presents an overview of the traditional role, structures, and processes of the student-conduct system. It then ...


Putting The Spotlight On “The Terminator”: How The Icc Prosecution Of Bosco Ntaganda Could Reduce Sexual Violence During Conflict, Sarah T. Deuitch 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Putting The Spotlight On “The Terminator”: How The Icc Prosecution Of Bosco Ntaganda Could Reduce Sexual Violence During Conflict, Sarah T. Deuitch

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

No abstract provided.


Intersections Of Violence Against Women And Health: Implications For Health Law And Policy In Nigeria, Cheluchi Onyemelukwe 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Intersections Of Violence Against Women And Health: Implications For Health Law And Policy In Nigeria, Cheluchi Onyemelukwe

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

No abstract provided.


Why The Clarification Petition Filed By The Union Of India In The Transgender Case Is Incorrect In Law And In Bad Faith On The Question Of Reservation, Surabhi Shukla 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Why The Clarification Petition Filed By The Union Of India In The Transgender Case Is Incorrect In Law And In Bad Faith On The Question Of Reservation, Surabhi Shukla

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

In this Article, I make an argument that the state, including the Government of India, is empowered by the Constitution of India to decide which classes qualify as “backward classes” for affirmative action measures under the Constitution. The Supreme Court of India has directed the government to include the transgender population as a backward class and to extend to them affirmative action measures such as reservation in public appointments and university admissions. In response, the Union of India has filed a clarification petition stating that it is incompetent to suo motu include the transgender population as a backward class and ...


Women Who Kill Women, Rashmi Goel 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Women Who Kill Women, Rashmi Goel

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

This Article examines more closely the participation of mothers-in-law in India’s dowry murders to gain a better understanding of these dynamics and to expose the limits of existing reforms. I first turn to the participation of women in dowry death cases and the ways in which their participation challenges our conventional understanding of patriarchy and societal manifestation. In Part II, I provide an overview of dowry deaths in India. In Part III, I survey the different criminal provisions related to dowry deaths and demonstrate how these laws actually operate within a set of cultural practices that support female subjugation ...


Honest Victim Scripting In The Twitterverse, Francine Banner 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Honest Victim Scripting In The Twitterverse, Francine Banner

William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law

This Article critically analyzes Tweets regarding recent allegations of interpersonal violence against celebrities in order to explore societal perceptions of, and expectations about, alleged victims. The Article concludes that Twitter may be viewed as a micro-courtroom in which victims’ veracity and perpetrators’ responses are evaluated, interrogated, and assessed. A key, feminist critique of rape law is that the determination of the perpetrator’s guilt or innocence too often hinges on an assessment of the victim’s character. This is borne out on social networking sites, where terms such as “gold digger,” “slut,” and “ho” are engaged with regularity to describe ...


People With Secrets: Contesting, Constructing, And Resisting Women’S Claims About Sexualized Victimization, Rose Corrigan, Corey S. Shdaimah 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

People With Secrets: Contesting, Constructing, And Resisting Women’S Claims About Sexualized Victimization, Rose Corrigan, Corey S. Shdaimah

Catholic University Law Review

What do sexual assault victims and women charged with prostitution have in common? Both are processed through a criminal justice system where legal actors assess their claims of victimization and either provide or deny resources and recognition in response to those claims. Ideal victim theory posits that not all victims’ claims are treated equally due to static factors such as personal characteristics or case facts. Professor Corrigan and Professor Shdaimah present the Arena of Intelligibility, an original analytical tool developed from their empirical data, to more effectively explain case outcomes for women affected by sexual crimes.

The Arena explains criminal ...


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