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Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins 2017 Trinity College Dublin

Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

This note examines the recent Di Trizio ruling by the European Court of Human Rights. The case, first, involves the scope of Article 8 of the Convention as it concerns social security schemes. The Court by a narrow majority held that the claim fell within the scope of Article 8 but, it is submitted that the approach of the dissenting judges was a better reading of the Convention.  However, a panel of the Grand Chamber has rejected a State request to refer the matter to the Grand Chamber.[1] Second, the case involves a rather complicated gender equality claim concerning ...


My Body, Not My Say: How Roe V. Wade Endangers Women's Autonomy, Kisha K. Patel 2017 Ursinus College

My Body, Not My Say: How Roe V. Wade Endangers Women's Autonomy, Kisha K. Patel

Politics Honors Papers

When defining women’s rights to reproductive decisions in Roe v. Wade, Justice Blackmun fails to ensure protection for women by defining this right in the privacy doctrine. Justice Blackmun’s opinion allows the government to interpret and apply the doctrine to deny women access and availability to reproductive health. This can be shown by the subsequent Supreme Court decisions on privacy that allow the government to overrule the right of the individual woman. This allows for the government to effectively deny women the right to abortion and ultimately prevents women from making independent autonomous decisions. The laws and regulations ...


Sex Reassignment Surgery & The New Standard Of Care: An Analysis Of The Role The Federal Court System, The States, Society, And The Medical Community Serve In Paving The Way For Incarcerated Transgendered Persons' Constitutional Right To A Sex Change, Victor J. Genchi 2017 Barry University School of Law

Sex Reassignment Surgery & The New Standard Of Care: An Analysis Of The Role The Federal Court System, The States, Society, And The Medical Community Serve In Paving The Way For Incarcerated Transgendered Persons' Constitutional Right To A Sex Change, Victor J. Genchi

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sovereignty And Social Change In The Wake Of India’S Recent Sodomy Cases, Deepa Das Acevedo 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Sovereignty And Social Change In The Wake Of India’S Recent Sodomy Cases, Deepa Das Acevedo

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

American constitutional law scholars have long questioned whether courts can truly drive social reform, and this uncertainty remains even in the wake of recent landmark decisions affecting the LGBT community. In contrast, court watchers in India—spurred by developments in a special type of legal action developed in the late 1970s known as public interest litigation (PIL)—have only recently begun to question the judiciary’s ability to promote progressive social change. Indian scholarship on this point has veered between despair that PIL cases no longer reliably produce good outcomes for India’s most disadvantaged and optimism that public interest ...


The Crisis Inside Crisis Pregnancy Centers: How To Stop These Facilities From Depriving Women Of Their Reproductive Freedom, Brittany A. Campbell 2017 Boston College Law School

The Crisis Inside Crisis Pregnancy Centers: How To Stop These Facilities From Depriving Women Of Their Reproductive Freedom, Brittany A. Campbell

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Since the late 1960s, pro-life activists have been flooding the United States with crisis pregnancy centers (CPCs), facilities disguised as legitimate reproductive health clinics but, in reality, are mostly unlicensed centers that do not provide contraception or abortion services. These facilities deprive women of their reproductive freedom when they engage in deceptive practices to coerce women out of terminating their pregnancies. This Note examines recent unsuccessful attempts to curb CPC practices and highlights the destructive impacts of CPCs, particularly on young, low-income, and minority women. Misleading CPC tactics bar women from exercising their constitutional right to command their reproductive decisions ...


“Hurdling” Gender Identity Discrimination: The Implications Of State Participation Policies On Transgender Youth Athletes’ Ability To Thrive, Kayla L. Acklin 2017 Boston College Law School

“Hurdling” Gender Identity Discrimination: The Implications Of State Participation Policies On Transgender Youth Athletes’ Ability To Thrive, Kayla L. Acklin

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The number of students, in grades kindergarten through high school, who identify as transgender has steadily increased during the last decade. These students seek the same opportunities as their cisgender peers, but are often denied participation in athletic activities because of their non-conforming gender-behavior. Currently, there is no federal law governing transgender participation in sports, which has resulted in an inconsistency among state athletic associations’ participation policies; the vast majority of states restricts participation. These states are limiting transgender students’ ability to receive the benefits that sports provide. To solve this inconsistency and provide equal opportunity for transgender students, this ...


The Uneven Scales Of Lady Justice, Jessica H. Shepard 2017 Georgia College and State University

The Uneven Scales Of Lady Justice, Jessica H. Shepard

Georgia College Student Research Events

For centuries, women have been assigned a specific gender role, and men hold them accountable to stay within this role. When these roles are broken, severe punishment or dismissal can be the result. From the Demonic age to today, as well as the different schools of criminology, the way women have been treated has been documented. The evil woman theory introduces the idea that when women commit a crime, they are no longer acting in the stereotypical way of a woman; therefore, punishment should be more severe. On the other side, some men treat women with chivalry, seeing them as ...


The Tension Between Equal Protection And Religious Freedom, John M. Greabe 2017 Franklin Pierce Law Center

The Tension Between Equal Protection And Religious Freedom, John M. Greabe

Legal Scholarship

[Excerpt] "The Constitution did not become our basic law at a single point in time. We ratified its first seven articles in 1788 but have since amended it 27 times. Many of these amendments memorialize fundamental shifts in values. Thus, it should come as no surprise to learn that the Constitution is not an internally consistent document."

"Other constitutional provisions -- even provisions that were simultaneously enacted -- protect freedoms that can come into conflict with one another. The First Amendment, for example, promises both freedom from governmental endorsement of religion and freedom from governmental interference with religious practice. But how do ...


Twenty Reasons To Publish In Dignity, Donna M. Hughes 2017 University of Rhode Island

Twenty Reasons To Publish In Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Frontiers Of Sex Discrimination Law, Jessica A. Clarke 2017 University of Minnesota Law School

Frontiers Of Sex Discrimination Law, Jessica A. Clarke

Michigan Law Review

Review Gender Nonconformity and the Law by Kimberly A. Yuracko.


The Racist Algorithm?, Anupam Chander 2017 University of California, Davis School of Law

The Racist Algorithm?, Anupam Chander

Michigan Law Review

Review of The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information by Frank Pasquale.


Stripping Agency From Top To Bottom: The Need For A Sentencing Guideline Safety Valve For Bottoms Prosecuted Under The Federal Sex Trafficking Statutes, Sarah Crocker 2017 Northwestern University School of Law

Stripping Agency From Top To Bottom: The Need For A Sentencing Guideline Safety Valve For Bottoms Prosecuted Under The Federal Sex Trafficking Statutes, Sarah Crocker

Northwestern University Law Review

In domestic sex trafficking, the trafficker often promotes a victim to the coveted position of “lead prostitute,” or “bottom.” Once in this position, the victim engages in acts for which she can be prosecuted under federal sex trafficking statutes that carry ten- and fifteen-year mandatory minimum sentences. To recognize bottoms’ victimization and resulting lack of genuine agency, this Note proposes a Sentencing Guideline safety valve provision. Creating a safety valve would provide sentencing judges with necessary discretion to impose sentences below statutory floors in appropriate cases.


Same-Sex Sex And Immutable Traits: Why Obergefell V. Hodges Clears A Path To Protecting Gay And Lesbian Employees From Workplace Discrimination Under Title Vii, Matthew W. Green Jr. 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Same-Sex Sex And Immutable Traits: Why Obergefell V. Hodges Clears A Path To Protecting Gay And Lesbian Employees From Workplace Discrimination Under Title Vii, Matthew W. Green Jr.

Matthew W. Green Jr.

This article is set forth in five parts. Part II is largely descriptive and focuses on two aspects of Obergefell: (1) the Court's clarification that adult, private, consensual, same-sex sexual intimacy is a fundamental right, protected by the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clause and (2) the Court's recognition that leading mental health and medical groups consider sexual orientation to be immutable. Part III examines how courts and the EEOC have treated sexual orientation discrimination under Title VII and contains a normative discussion which argues—consistent with the position of other commentators, some courts, and ...


Rape On The Washington Southern: The Tragic Case Of Hines V. Garrett, Michael I. Krauss 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Rape On The Washington Southern: The Tragic Case Of Hines V. Garrett, Michael I. Krauss

Catholic University Law Review

In 1919, Ms. Julia May Garret, a young Virginian woman, was brutally raped by two different men as she was walking home after the Washington Southern Railway failed to stop at her designated station. What followed was a legal battle that created precedent still discussed in American casebooks today. Although most case law recognizes that the criminal acts of third parties severs liability because such conduct is considered unforeseeable, Hines v. Garrett held that the harm Ms. Garrett suffered was within the risk created by the railroad’s negligence, and as a common carrier, the railroad owed her a duty ...


Obergefell’S Impact On Functional Families, Raymond C. O'Brien 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Obergefell’S Impact On Functional Families, Raymond C. O'Brien

Catholic University Law Review

More than forty percent of children born in America are born to unmarried parents and only half of all cohabitating adults in America are currently married. While many children are born to single parents, others are part of the two-person unmarried cohabiting functional family paradigm. What is the status of these children?

This article examines the changing paradigm of parental status, specifically vis-à-vis homosexual couples with children, and the rights of the non-biological parent after separation. This article examines the changes in law in regards to unmarried parents leading up to the Uniform Parentage Act. It describes the equitable remedies ...


Unintended Consequences: Addressing The Impact Of Domestic Violence Mandatory And Pro-Arrest Policies And Practices On Girls And Young Women, Francine T. Sherman 2017 Boston College Law School

Unintended Consequences: Addressing The Impact Of Domestic Violence Mandatory And Pro-Arrest Policies And Practices On Girls And Young Women, Francine T. Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

The OJJDP-funded National Girls Initiative and the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) convened a roundtable of advocates to discuss the unintended consequences of mandatory and pro-arrest policies for domestic violence on girls and young women. Out of that convening arose this summary report, Unintended Consequences: Addressing the Impact of Domestic Violence Mandatory and Pro-Arrest Policies and Practices on Girls and Young Women. Our hope is that this summary report fuels a conversation about the unintended consequences and impact of mandatory and pro-arrest domestic violence policies on girls, young women, and women, as well as the disproportionate impact on communities ...


Gloucester County School Board V. G.G. : Brief Of Amicus Curiae In Support Of Respondent, Terry S. Kogan 2017 University of Utah, S.J. Quincy College of Law

Gloucester County School Board V. G.G. : Brief Of Amicus Curiae In Support Of Respondent, Terry S. Kogan

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

The sex-segregated public restroom, first man- dated by laws in the late nineteenth century, has be- come a pervasive architectural feature of contemporary America that is unlikely to disappear any time soon. Title IX and its implementing regulations recognize, and do not seek to alter, this arrangement. Understanding the origins of this social convention in the United States, however, illustrates that separating such facilities by sex was not simply a natural, neutral response to anatomical differences, but rather an ideological cultural response that reflected and reinforced the prevailing gender norms of the time.


Denial Of Harm: Sex Trafficking, Backpage, And Free Speech Absolutism, Jody Raphael 2017 DePaul University College of Law

Denial Of Harm: Sex Trafficking, Backpage, And Free Speech Absolutism, Jody Raphael

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Mad Women And Desperate Girls: Infanticide And Child Murder In Law And Myth, Elizabeth Rapaport 2017 University of New Mexico

Mad Women And Desperate Girls: Infanticide And Child Murder In Law And Myth, Elizabeth Rapaport

Elizabeth Rapaport

This article first offers a comparison between the stereotype dominated understanding of infanticide and child homicide in the United States and the statistical landscape it obscures. It then turns to the history of the crime of infanticide, a history which confirms that a fascination with deviant women as long dominated the story of infanticide. The article concludes with the exploration of the "Good Mother Defense." That exploration reveals the extent to which the fate of a woman tried for child homicide hinges on whether the jury sees her as a good mother, rather than on the prosecutors' ability to prove ...


A Call For Limiting Absolute Privilege: How Victims Of Domestic Violence, Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Are Discriminated Against By The U.S. Judicial System, Jerrell Dayton King, Donna J. King 2017 University of Florida

A Call For Limiting Absolute Privilege: How Victims Of Domestic Violence, Suffering With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Are Discriminated Against By The U.S. Judicial System, Jerrell Dayton King, Donna J. King

DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law

The U.S. court system often traumatizes victims of domestic violence (“DV”) through institutional gender discrimination, which has plagued women throughout the United States since colonial American times. In many ways the court system becomes a participant in re-victimizing and continuing the abuse of the DV victim. Abusive power and control of women exposes them to DV in alarming numbers; this causes many DV victims to experience severe trauma that results in psychological injuries such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (“PTSD”). In the court system, the DV abuser enters the legal process with an advantage over his victim who suffers from ...


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