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Property Rights As Human Rights In International Investment Arbitration: A Critical Approach, Enrique Boone Barrera 2018 Centre for International Governance Innovation

Property Rights As Human Rights In International Investment Arbitration: A Critical Approach, Enrique Boone Barrera

Boston College Law Review

The treaty-based regime of investment protection is said to protect the property rights of foreign investors. Arbitral tribunals are usually tasked with settling investment disputes using principles of international law, some of which refer to the doctrine of protection of aliens. These features have led some commentators to compare the protection of foreign investment with the protection of property rights by human rights instruments and courts. This Essay provides a critical perspective on the relationship between these two systems. The Essay re-examines the widespread assumptions that underlie efforts to find parallels between human rights and foreign investment protection. The analysis ...


Federalism, Convergence, And Divergence In Constitutional Property, Gerald S. Dickinson 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Federalism, Convergence, And Divergence In Constitutional Property, Gerald S. Dickinson

University of Miami Law Review

Federal law exerts a gravitational force on state actors, resulting in widespread conformity to federal law and doctrine at the state level. This has been well recognized in the literature, but scholars have paid little attention to this phenomenon in the context of constitutional property. Traditionally, state takings jurisprudence—in both eminent domain and regulatory takings—has strongly gravitated towards the Supreme Court’s takings doctrine. This long history of federal-state convergence, however, was disrupted by the Court’s controversial public use decision in Kelo v. City of New London. In the wake of Kelo, states resisted the Court’s ...


Tribal Sovereign Immunity And The Need For Congressional Action, Hunter Malasky 2018 Boston College Law School

Tribal Sovereign Immunity And The Need For Congressional Action, Hunter Malasky

Boston College Law Review

Native American Indian tribal sovereign immunity is a judicially created doctrine that provides immunity from suit for Indian tribes in the United States. Although judicially created, the United States’ courts have repeatedly emphasized that only Congress has the power to limit Indian tribal immunity. As a result, tribal sovereign immunity has become a seemingly boundless means of avoiding lawsuits and liability. Moreover, tribal sovereign immunity has created a gap in the United States judicial system in which an individual may avoid certain lawsuits by entering into a favorable transaction with an Indian tribe. In these transactions, an individual may transfer ...


Patent Prior Art And Possession, Timothy R. Holbrook 2018 College of William & Mary Law School

Patent Prior Art And Possession, Timothy R. Holbrook

William & Mary Law Review

Prior art in patent law defines the set of materials that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and courts use to determine whether the invention claimed in a patent is new and nonobvious. One would think that, as a central, crucial component of patent law, prior art would be thoroughly theorized and doctrinally coherent. Nothing could be further from the truth. The prior art provisions represent an ad hoc codification of various policies and doctrines that arose in the courts.

This Article provides coherency to this morass. It posits a prior art system that draws upon property law ...


The Criminalization Of Vehicle Residency And The Case For Judicial Intervention Via The Washington State Homestead Act, T. Ray Ivey 2018 Seattle University School of Law

The Criminalization Of Vehicle Residency And The Case For Judicial Intervention Via The Washington State Homestead Act, T. Ray Ivey

Seattle University Law Review

In 2014, a nationwide survey by the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty found that the number of cities with ordinances that effectively criminalized vehicle habitation increased by 119% between 2011 and 2014. These ordinances take the form of metered street parking zones, permit-only parking zones, time restrictions, restrictions on vehicle operability, restrictions regarding licensing and registration, and even prohibitions directed specifically at vehicle habitation. Violations of these policies typically result in noncriminal citations imposing fees, requiring attendance at hearings, or inflicting other financial burdens, which nevertheless can have devastating impacts on someone with already limited resources. Additionally, the ...


Howard V. Hughes, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 80 (Oct. 4, 2018), Christian Ogata 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Howard V. Hughes, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 80 (Oct. 4, 2018), Christian Ogata

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court clarified the holding of Langevin v. York, and applied the presumptions outlined in Sack v. Tomlin to unmarried joint tenants. The Court held that before property may be partitioned and shares are proportionally divided between unrelated joint tenants, a party must overcome the presumption of equal ownership. If a party overcomes this presumption, the shares are proportionally divided based on the parties’ respective financial contributions to the initial purchase price, unless the other party can show a donative intent to gift an equal ownership interest.


Get Out From Under My Land! Hydraulic Fracturing, Forced Pooling Or Unitization, And The Role Of The Dissenting Landowner, Heidi Gorovitz Robertson 2018 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Get Out From Under My Land! Hydraulic Fracturing, Forced Pooling Or Unitization, And The Role Of The Dissenting Landowner, Heidi Gorovitz Robertson

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This article addresses the legal circumstances arising when a state agency authorizes oil and gas production operations beneath a landowner’s land against that landowner’s wishes. One might assume that, if a landowner wants to preserve his or her land from oil and gas development, the landowner could simply refuse to allow drilling to occur beneath the land. However, neighbors may want to develop the oil and gas resources beneath their own land. To satisfy the neighbors’ wishes, an oil and gas producer must assemble mineral production rights on or beneath enough contiguous land to satisfy state spacing and ...


Upper Skagit Indian Tribe V. Lundgren, Brett Berntsen 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Upper Skagit Indian Tribe V. Lundgren, Brett Berntsen

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Stemming from a property dispute between a private landowner and the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, this action evolved into a debate concerning the scope of tribal sovereign immunity and whether Indian tribes should be bound by certain common law doctrines applicable to most other sovereigns. The Washington Supreme Court originally ruled against the Tribe, citing County of Yakima v. Confederated Tribes and Bands of Yakima Nation in holding that sovereign immunity does not apply to in rem actions. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to clarify that its ruling in Yakima did not support such a proposition. The case ...


Section 3: Property Rights, Institute of Bill of Rights Law at The College of William & Mary School of Law 2018 College of William & Mary Law School

Section 3: Property Rights, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Upstate Citizens For Equality, Inc. V. United States, Kirsa Shelkey 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Upstate Citizens For Equality, Inc. V. United States, Kirsa Shelkey

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1935 is the proper avenue for Tribes pursuing restoration of their historic trust lands. The Oneida Indian Nation of New York long sought to reassert tribal jurisdiction over its historic homeland in Central New York. These efforts were largely unsuccessful until 2008 when the United States took 13,000 acres of this historic homeland into trust on behalf of the Tribe under the Indian Reorganization Act. This case affirms the federal government’s plenary powers over Indian Tribes, and that neither state sovereignty principles, nor the Enclave Clause upset that authority.


Wells Fargo, N.A. V. Radecki, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 74 (Sep. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Yilmaz Turkeri 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Wells Fargo, N.A. V. Radecki, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 74 (Sep. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Yilmaz Turkeri

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that: (1) Wells Fargo failed to present evidence of unfairness or irregularity that would invalidate the foreclosure sale; (2) pursuant to NRS 112.170(2), a regularly conducted, noncollusive foreclosure sale under NRS Chapter 116 is exempt under the Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act (UFTA); and (3) inaccuracies in a foreclosure deed are not sufficient to invalidate a foreclosure sale that complied with NRS Chapter 116.


Bank Of America, N.A. V. Sfr Inv.’S Pool 1, Llc, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 72 (Sept. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Esteban Hernandez 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Bank Of America, N.A. V. Sfr Inv.’S Pool 1, Llc, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 72 (Sept. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Esteban Hernandez

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that becausethe holder of the first deed of trust provided valid tender of the superpriority portion of anHOA’s lien, the HOA’s foreclosure on the lien was void as to the superpriority portion. Further, anHOA has no right to convey full title to the property because the holder’s first deed of trust remains after foreclosure. Thus,when the holder unconditionally tenders the superiority amount due, the buyer at an HOA lien foreclosure sale takes the property subject to the deed of trust.


Rosenburg Living Trust V. Macdonald Highlands Realty, Llc C/W 70478, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 69 (Sept. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Scott Cooper 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Rosenburg Living Trust V. Macdonald Highlands Realty, Llc C/W 70478, 134 Nev. Adv. Op. 69 (Sept. 13, 2018) (En Banc), Scott Cooper

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that Nevada law does not recognize implied restrictive covenants based on a common development scheme, and the Court did not adopt the doctrine under these facts. Additionally, the Court held that, unlike common law disclosure requirements, claims arising from the duties of a licensee under NRS Chapter 645 could not be waived. Finally, it held that attorney fees and costs should only be awarded where a claim is without reasonable ground, or to harass the prevailing party.


Deferred Payment Sales: The Installment Sale Provisions Re-Examined, Ellsworth W. Jones 2018 Gonzaga University School of Law

Deferred Payment Sales: The Installment Sale Provisions Re-Examined, Ellsworth W. Jones

Gonzaga Law Review

No abstract provided.


California Department Of Toxic Substances Control V. Westside Delivery, Llc, Mitch L. WerBell V 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

California Department Of Toxic Substances Control V. Westside Delivery, Llc, Mitch L. Werbell V

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Ninth Circuit’s recent decision in California Department of Toxic Substances Control v. Westside Delivery, LLC reminds prospective purchasers of tax-defaulted property of their responsibility for due diligence.The case addressed the reach of the third-party defense to a CERCLA cost recovery action. The court determined that CERCLA’s third-party defense did not apply to a company which purchased a contaminated property at a tax auction because of its “contractual relationship” with the former owner-polluter and because the relevant contaminating acts occurred “in connection with” the prior polluter’s ownership of the site.


Liberty And Separation Of Powers In Judicial Review Of Privatized Governance Regimes, Jeffrey Kleeger 2018 Pepperdine University

Liberty And Separation Of Powers In Judicial Review Of Privatized Governance Regimes, Jeffrey Kleeger

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

This article examines the power difference between homeowner association (HOA) owners, members, and their governing boards. Administrative adjudication can remedy the imbalance to better secure member rights. What is necessary is a heightened standard of judicial review and a requirement to produce a comprehensive record for review. Boards enjoy an advantage in disputes with members—courts uphold board actions unless they are arbitrary and capricious. Boards also possess largely unrestricted state-delegated authority to make and enforce rules, as well as decide penalties for infractions. These clearly governmental functions are not restrained by the state action doctrine. Tools of administrative adjudication ...


Uniform Conservation Easement Act Study Committee Background Report, Nancy McLaughlin 2018 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Uniform Conservation Easement Act Study Committee Background Report, Nancy Mclaughlin

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

This report was prepared by Nancy A. McLaughlin, Robert W. Swenson Professor of Law at the University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law, in her role as Reporter for the Uniform Law Commission's Uniform Conservation Easement Act Study Committee. The report provides an overview of the Uniform Conservation Easement Act (UCEA), which was approved by the Commission in 1981, and examines the provisions in individual state conservation easement enabling statutes that differ from the provisions in the UCEA.


Florida's Housing Trust Fund -- Addressing The State's Affordable Housing Needs, Kristin Larsen 2018 Florida State University College of Law

Florida's Housing Trust Fund -- Addressing The State's Affordable Housing Needs, Kristin Larsen

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Green Buildings: An Overview Of Progress, Charles J. Kibert 2018 Florida State University College of Law

Green Buildings: An Overview Of Progress, Charles J. Kibert

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


From Lucas To Palazzolo: A Case Study Of Title Limitations, Brittany Adams 2018 Florida State University College of Law

From Lucas To Palazzolo: A Case Study Of Title Limitations, Brittany Adams

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

This Note examines what state courts and lower federal courts have found to be "background principles" of property and nuisance law that fit into the Lucas exception. The Note examines recent case law that applies the Lucas exception to determine how the law has developed. The Note then explains the facts of Palazzolo v. Rhode Island and discusses how the Court should rule on the issues in light of the difficulty the courts have had in applying Lucas. The Note concludes that the Court must consider the importance of the right to own property in America. The Court should take ...


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