Super Liens To The Rescue? A Case Against Special Districts In Real Estate Finance, 2015 Southern University Law Center
Super Liens To The Rescue? A Case Against Special Districts In Real Estate Finance, Christopher K. Odinet
Christopher K. Odinet
In a time of limited resources and sluggish economic growth, competition between cities has become palpable, and the race for new investment often dictates the public agenda. To that end, the explosive growth of public-private partnerships between local governments and private investors has resulted in the creation of a myriad of special taxing districts, the purposes of which are limited only by the imagination. Of particular concern has been the growth of certain real estate development-related districts. Although first conceived to fund critical improvements where conventional credit was not available, in more recently years these special districts have been used ...
The Elephant In The Room, 2015 Lewis & Clark Law School
The Elephant In The Room, Troy B. Albert
Troy B Albert
Every 15 minutes, a poacher kills an elephant for its ivory. If this rate continues, the African elephant could become extinct in 20 years. Although federal law has strictly regulated the ivory market for several decades, the United States remains one of the largest markets for illegal wildlife products in the world. Because there are little to no enforcement mechanisms or verification processes by which to definitively distinguish legal from illegal ivory after reaching domestic markets, illegal ivory is easily mixed in with legal stocks. New regulations have been promulgated but are they enough?
Mortgage Foreclosure In Buckhead, 2015 Dr. Terika L. Haynes
Mortgage Foreclosure In Buckhead, Terika L. Haynes
Terika L Haynes
The purpose of the quantitative ex post facto study was to determine whether a relationship exists between home occupancy type, purchase price, residency duration, and the incidence of mortgage foreclosure of homeowners residing in single-family residential homes in the eight zip codes (30305, 30309, 30318, 30319, 30324, 30326, 30327, and 30342) within the Buckhead community, a high-income community located in Atlanta, Georgia. The possible relationships were explored and evaluated by conducting an archival analysis to examine the Georgia Public Notice Statewide Database of public foreclosure records, Fulton County Property Assessor records, and Fulton County tax data for 2009. The occupancy ...
Human Dignity As A Normative Standard Or As A Value In Global Health Care Decisionmaking?, 2015 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
Human Dignity As A Normative Standard Or As A Value In Global Health Care Decisionmaking?, George P. Smith
George P Smith
Dignity is seen commonly as an ethical obligation owed to human persons. The dimensions of this obligation, in today’s post secular society, are—however—subject to wide discussion and debate; for, the term, human dignity, and its preservation, defies universal agreement. Yet its preservation, together with the prevention of indignity, is a guiding principle or at least a vector of force in a wide range of issues ranging from embryo research and assisted reproduction to biomedical enhancement, and the care of the disable and to the dying. In clinical medicine, safeguarding the dignity of the patient is a ...
Valuing Land In Dispute Resolution: Using Coefficient Of Variation To Determine Unit Of Measurement, 2015 Cushman and Wakefield
Valuing Land In Dispute Resolution: Using Coefficient Of Variation To Determine Unit Of Measurement, Bryan Younge
By quantifying and comparing the CV of at least two unit price results in a sample set (namely PSF and FAR for land analyses in dense urban markets), a major debate can be settled well in advance of the point in time when either party in a dispute begins to hazard speculative adjustments.
Valuing Control, 2015 Northwestern University School of Law
Valuing Control, Peter Dicola
Michigan Law Review
Control over property is valuable in and of itself. Scholars have not fully recognized or explored that straightforward premise, which has profound implications for the economic analysis of property rights. A party to a property dispute may actually prefer liability-rule protection for an entitlement resting with the other party to liability-rule protection for an entitlement resting with her. This Article presents a novel economic model that determines the conditions under which that is the case—by taking account of how parties value control. The model suggests new opportunities for policymakers to resolve conflicts and to develop better information about property ...
Slides: Practicing Sustainability In Natural Resource Industries, 2015 University of Colorado Law School
Slides: Practicing Sustainability In Natural Resource Industries, Gary D. Libecap
Natural Resource Industries and the Sustainability Challenge (Martz Winter Symposium, February 27-28)
Presenter: Gary D. Libecap, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and Economics Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Holding Standards For Randsome: A Remedial Perspective On Rand Licensing Commitments, 2015 Faulkner University School of Law
Holding Standards For Randsome: A Remedial Perspective On Rand Licensing Commitments, Layne S. Keele
Layne S. Keele
In Apple, Inc. v. Motorola, Inc., 757 F.3d 1286 (Fed. Cir. 2014), the four federal judges who considered the case—Judge Posner by designation at the trial level, and three Federal Circuit judges on appeal—all expressed differing opinions on the question of whether and to what extent extraordinary patent remedies should be available for the infringement of standard-essential patents. This article aims to simplify this muddled and confusing topic.
The article employs a teleological approach, examining the purposes behind remedies in general, the purposes of extraordinary remedies in patent law, and the purposes of RAND commitments (commitments to ...
Land Use And Climate Change Bubbles: Resilience, Retreat, And Due Diligence, 2015 College of William & Mary Law School
Land Use And Climate Change Bubbles: Resilience, Retreat, And Due Diligence, John R. Nolon
William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review
This Article examines events on the ground in several localities where climate change is lowering property values and analyzes how those changes in value can be reckoned with by regulators. It merges practices and principles of real estate transactions and finance with those of land use and environmental regulation.
Climate change is a planetary phenomenon whose environmental implications are far-reaching. Reports on climate change consequences increasingly focus on what is happening locally and presently, while speculation continues about long-term global consequences. In numerous communities, property values are declining because of repeated flooding, continued threats of storm surges, sustained high temperatures ...
An Unintended Consequence Of Arkansas Game & Fish Commission V. United States: Expanding Takings Liability To What The Government Doesn’T Do, 2015 College of William & Mary Law School
An Unintended Consequence Of Arkansas Game & Fish Commission V. United States: Expanding Takings Liability To What The Government Doesn’T Do, Jason Kane
William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review
No abstract provided.
Shared Sovereignty: The Role Of Expert Agencies In Environmental Law, 2015 Lewis & Clark Law School
Shared Sovereignty: The Role Of Expert Agencies In Environmental Law, Michael Blumm, Andrea Lang
Environmental law usually features statutory interpretation or administrative interpretation by a single agency. Less frequent is a close look at the mechanics of implementing environmental policy across agency lines. In this article, we offer such a look: a comparative analysis of five statutes and their approaches to sharing decision-making authority among more than one federal agency. We call this pluralistic approach to administrative decisionmaking “shared sovereignty.”
In this analysis, we compare implementation of the National Environmental Policy, the National Historic Preservation Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Federal Power Act. All of these statutes incorporate ...
Civil Asset Forfeiture: An Economic Analysis Of Ontario And British Columbia, 2015 Western University
Civil Asset Forfeiture: An Economic Analysis Of Ontario And British Columbia, Patrick Daley
Western Journal of Legal Studies
This paper compares and analyzes the incentive structure of Ontario and British Columbia’s civil asset forfeiture regimes. Part one surveys the American civil forfeiture experience to draw out theoretical considerations from American academia and inform a discussion of Canadian law. Part two compares the Ontario and British Columbia civil forfeiture regimes and identifies institutional incentives and barriers embedded in the framework of the forfeiture regimes in each province. Part three uses empirical data to explain how Ontario and British Columbia’s incentive structures affect civil forfeiture’s use. The paper argues there is an optimal allocation of resources towards ...
Copyright And Good Faith Purchasers, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Copyright And Good Faith Purchasers, Shyamkrishna Balganesh
Good faith purchasers for value — individuals who unknowingly and in good faith purchase property from a seller whose own actions in obtaining the property are of questionable legality — have long obtained special protection under the common law. Despite the seller’s own actions being tainted, such purchasers obtain valid title themselves and are allowed to freely alienate the property without any restriction. Modern copyright law, however, does just the opposite. Individuals who unknowingly and in good faith purchase property embodying an unauthorized copy of a protected work are altogether precluded from subsequently alienating such property, or risk running afoul of ...
Land Use Exactions, Anti-Evasion, And Koontz V. St. Johns River Water Management District, 2015 Campbell University
Land Use Exactions, Anti-Evasion, And Koontz V. St. Johns River Water Management District, Michael B. Kent Jr.
Michael B. Kent Jr.
This article considers the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District, which extended the application of the Court’s exactions test (known as Nollan/Dollan). The majority of the Court relied heavily on the unconstitutional conditions doctrine, explaining that this doctrine formed the basis not only for the Nollan/Dolan framework but also for the extension of that framework to Koontz’s new factual setting. Led by Justice Kagan, four members of the Court dissented. Although the dissenting Justices seemingly agreed with several of the majority’s propositions, they vigorously opposed ...
Taking The Oceanfront Lot, 2015 University of South Carolina
Taking The Oceanfront Lot, Josh Eagle
Oceanfront landowners and states share a property boundary located between the wet and dry parts of the shore. This legal coastline is different from an ordinary land boundary. First, on sandy beaches, the line is constantly in flux, and it cannot be marked except momentarily. Without the help of a surveyor and a court, neither the landowner nor a citizen walking down the beach has the ability to know exactly where the line lies. This uncertainty means that, as a practical matter, ownership of some part of the beach is effectively shared. Second, the common law establishes that the owner ...
The Factual Reality Of Koontz V. St. Johns, 2015 Notre Dame Law School
The Factual Reality Of Koontz V. St. Johns, Eric Dean Hageman
Notre Dame Law Review Online
The Court’s opinion in Koontz has elicited many negative reactions in academia, most of which focus on the expansion of Nollan and Dolan to monetary exactions. Criticisms run the gamut: some scholars argue that the Court was wrong to ignore the environmental impact of land developments, while others suggest the Court gave the same consideration too much credence. These criticisms are likely premature and necessarily speculative, since the Court decided the case less than two years ago.
Scholars have scrutinized this case’s factual and procedural history less closely, and those elements may justify the Court’s holding. Two ...
Reconciling Intellectual And Personal Property, 2015 Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Reconciling Intellectual And Personal Property, Aaron Perzanowski, Jason Schultz
Notre Dame Law Review
This Article builds on our earlier work on exhaustion. We have previously emphasized the common law origins of copyright exhaustion, arguing for a judicial interpretation that is more expansive than the narrow statutory first sale rule. Subsequently, we have advocated increased reliance on exhaustion to resolve a range of disputes over personal use by consumers that are typically analyzed through the lenses of fair use and implied license. And, most recently, we have outlined two competing legislative frameworks for a contemporary exhaustion regime as a part of the broader copyright reform effort. This Article examines both the forces undermining copy ...
Vetoing Wetland Permits Under Section 404(C) Of The Clean Water Act: A History Of Inter-Federal Agency Controversy And Reform, Michael Blumm, Elisabeth D. Mering
For most of its four-decade history, section 404(c) of the Clean Water Act could have been considered to be a sleeper provision of environmental law. The proviso authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) overrule permits for discharges of dredged or fill material issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) where necessary to ensure protection of fish and wildlife habitat, municipal water supplies, and recreational areas against unacceptable adverse effects. This authority of one federal agency to veto the decisions of another federal agency is quite unusual, perhaps unprecedented in environmental law. The exceptional nature ...
A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, 2015 Florida State University College of Law
A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino
A storm is brewing, and not just in our nation’s coastal waters. The effects of climate change are becoming alarmingly apparent: sea levels are rising, storm surges are intensifying and ocean temperatures are warming at increasing speeds. Higher storm surges have led to increased flooding in coastal zones and nearby low-lying regions. The need for greater disaster preparedness in areas vulnerable to storm surges is evident, not just in the United States, but worldwide. As a direct result, coastal towns and cities have been left with the daunting task, and cost, of implementing littoral adaptation measures such as beach ...
Protecting Endangered Species Habitat On Private Property: The Public-Private Constitutional Balance Need Not Be A Zero-Sum Game, 2015 Boston College Law School
Protecting Endangered Species Habitat On Private Property: The Public-Private Constitutional Balance Need Not Be A Zero-Sum Game, Marisa P. Kaley
Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review
In 2006, the thirty-six acre parcel of land in Hampden, Massachusetts on which William and Marlene Pepin planned to build their retirement home was designated as “priority habitat” for the eastern box turtle, a species of special concern in the Commonwealth. The designation triggered development restrictions intended to prevent harm to the turtle, prompting the Pepins to challenge both the validity of the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act regulations that implement the priority habitat scheme, and the decision by the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife to so delineate their property. The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court upheld the priority habitat scheme and ...