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Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh 2017 University of Windsor, Faculty of Law

Policy Comment: Proposals For Ontario's Solar Future, Rashin Alizadeh

Western Journal of Legal Studies

In Ontario, the protection of solar energy is both complicated and limited. In order to take advantage of evolving greener energy sources, and reduce our contribution to global warming, Ontario must better protect solar energy use and solar energy investments. This commentary evaluates the incentives for extending the use of solar technology as part of the Green Energy Act, 2009, SO 2009. The analysis focuses on the relationship between the provincial and municipal governments as it relates to the green energy industry, and the level of public engagement and awareness that is being achieved. Reform to municipal zoning bylaws are ...


Fishing, Fowling, And Dockominiums: Maine's Need For A New Approach To Public And Private Intertidal Rights, Agnieszka A. Pinette 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Fishing, Fowling, And Dockominiums: Maine's Need For A New Approach To Public And Private Intertidal Rights, Agnieszka A. Pinette

Maine Law Review

In the sixteenth century, Queen Elizabeth recognized the public’s inalienable right to the sea. Despite the intuitive concept embodied in the Queen’s pronouncement, a centuries-old debate over the public’s right to the seashore continues to occupy the attention of Maine’s bar and bench. In 2011, for example, the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine, sitting as the Law Court, handed down a decision that maintains Maine’s prevailing judicial analytical framework for resolving property disputes in the intertidal zone. In McGarvey v. Whittredge, the plaintiffs, claiming ownership of the intertidal zone, brought an action in trespass and ...


Creating Confusion Rather Than Clarity: The Sixth Circuit's (Lack Of) Decision In Tree Of Life Christian Schools V. Upper Arlington, Lindsey Edinger 2017 Boston College Law School

Creating Confusion Rather Than Clarity: The Sixth Circuit's (Lack Of) Decision In Tree Of Life Christian Schools V. Upper Arlington, Lindsey Edinger

Boston College Law Review

There is currently a split among five federal circuits as to what constitutes a secular comparator to a religious assembly or institution under the equal terms provision of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act. Stemming from this initial split, courts have further divided as to what is necessary to establish a prima facie case for an equal terms claim. On May 18, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in Tree of Life Christian Schools v. Upper Arlington became the most recent circuit to address the equal terms provision. Rather than providing a clear ...


The New England Food System In 2060: Envisioning Tomorrow's Policy Through Today's Assessments, Margaret Sova McCabe, Joanne Burke PhD, RD, LD 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The New England Food System In 2060: Envisioning Tomorrow's Policy Through Today's Assessments, Margaret Sova Mccabe, Joanne Burke Phd, Rd, Ld

Maine Law Review

As the local food movement gains critical mass around the country, deep and important issues concerning food system policy arise. The modern American food system spans from agricultural production to food processing to food consumption, and finally, to health outcomes. The system’s components include economic, environmental, social, political, and scientific aspects that interact in ways that far outstrip any one discipline’s capacity to analyze and resolve problems. Additionally, the system is profoundly shaped by a complex architecture of laws and regulation. With much credit to the local and regional food movements, people have begun to question not only ...


Zoning And Land Use Controls: Beyond Agriculture, Lisa M. Feldstein 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Zoning And Land Use Controls: Beyond Agriculture, Lisa M. Feldstein

Maine Law Review

If one were playing a word association game and were asked what comes to mind when the terms “food” and “land use” are given, chances are high that the response would be “agriculture.” Yet every stage in the food system, from being grown or raised through being consumed, is place-based. Put differently, everything that happens with our food system involves land use in some way. Even the acquisition of aquatically sourced foods requires a journey that begins from the shore, and yet it is rare to consider the profound ways in which our every interaction with food system utilizes or ...


Legal Institutions Of Farmland Succession: Implications For Sustainable Food Systems, Jamie Baxter 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Legal Institutions Of Farmland Succession: Implications For Sustainable Food Systems, Jamie Baxter

Maine Law Review

The legal institutions relevant to farmland succession—defined as the transfer of property in and control over farmland—are increasingly important determinants of sustainable environmental outcomes on modern farms. The history of farmland succession has been written, by and large, through extra-legal processes of transfer and inheritance between generations of close family relations. This familiar “family farm” model, however, is rapidly being replaced by succession arrangements between non-relatives, often strangers, with entrant farmers from non-agricultural backgrounds. As a growing number of current farmers retire and seek creative ways to transfer control and ownership of their farms, the availability and content ...


Of Asthma And Ashtrays: Examining The Rights Of And Exploring Ways To Protect Maine Tenants Living In Multi-Unit Rental Housing Who Are Involuntarily Exposed To Secondhand Tobacco Smoke In Their Homes, Amy K. Olfene 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Of Asthma And Ashtrays: Examining The Rights Of And Exploring Ways To Protect Maine Tenants Living In Multi-Unit Rental Housing Who Are Involuntarily Exposed To Secondhand Tobacco Smoke In Their Homes, Amy K. Olfene

Maine Law Review

Toxins found in tobacco smoke are deadly, and there is no safe level of exposure. Secondhand smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer in humans. In fact, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) has declared secondhand tobacco smoke a Group A carcinogen, a rating “reserved for those compounds or mixtures which have been shown to cause cancer in humans, based on studies in human populations.” Exposure to tobacco smoke can cause a number of diseases and ailments in both smokers and nonsmokers; in addition, such exposure can exacerbate existing illnesses. In the ...


Death, Taxes, And Property (Rights): Nozick, Libertarianism, And The Estate Tax, Jennifer Bird-Pollan 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Death, Taxes, And Property (Rights): Nozick, Libertarianism, And The Estate Tax, Jennifer Bird-Pollan

Maine Law Review

Over the last twelve years the estate tax has been eviscerated. Evolving from a tax at 55% on all estates over $675,000 to a tax at only 35% on estates over $5.12 million per person ($10.24 million for a married couple); the estate tax now taxes only about 5,300 estates per year, as opposed to over 58,000 estates in 1999. In an era of language decrying class warfare, why abandon this project of the estate tax? Is it too late to save the tax? Are there reasons to save it? Why have an estate tax ...


Embracing Airbnb: How Cities Can Champion Private Property Rights Without Compromising The Health And Welfare Of The Community, Emily M. Speier 2017 Pepperdine University

Embracing Airbnb: How Cities Can Champion Private Property Rights Without Compromising The Health And Welfare Of The Community, Emily M. Speier

Pepperdine Law Review

Peer-to-peer services offer participants considerable advantages whether they are a provider of such services or a user of them. The Airbnb phenomenon is an example of how technological advancement has transformed the rental industry and has signaled a societal acceptance of a sharing economy. However, the question now is to what extent cities should regulate this influx of short-term rentals while still preserving the property rights of homeowners. Much of the answer to this question depends on each city’s individual interpretation of specific areas of the law. Some legal issues raised by regulation and explored by this article include ...


Sturgeon V. Frost: A Limited Holding Reveals An Environmentally Hesitant Post-Scalia Court, Michael O'Loughlin 2017 Boston College Law School

Sturgeon V. Frost: A Limited Holding Reveals An Environmentally Hesitant Post-Scalia Court, Michael O'Loughlin

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

The first environmental case before the United States Supreme Court after the death of Justice Antonin Scalia, Sturgeon v. Frost, involved the National Park Service’s authority to regulate hovercraft use over a segment of river running through lands under its authority pursuant to the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. The plaintiff sought to show that the State held title to navigable waters within the State, and that, therefore, the National Park Service did not have authority to enforce its regulation. The parties invoked precedent and argued for textual analysis of the at-issue statute, but the United States Court ...


Inverse Condemnation And Fracking Disasters: Government Liability For The Environmental Consequences Of Hydraulic Fracturing Under A Constitutional Takings Theory, Joseph Belza 2017 Boston College Law School

Inverse Condemnation And Fracking Disasters: Government Liability For The Environmental Consequences Of Hydraulic Fracturing Under A Constitutional Takings Theory, Joseph Belza

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

The practice of hydraulic fracturing, more commonly known as fracking, risks a number of dangerous environmental consequences. Notably, fracking operations can contaminate the underlying water table. Contamination of groundwater can disrupt the access of a nearby property to both potable drinking water and viable commercial irrigation. Usually, when a fracking operation results in this kind of groundwater contamination, affected plaintiffs sue the operator of the rig. This Note proposes that similarly situated plaintiffs also name a new defendant in these actions: the state agency that granted the fracking permit. The governmental actor could bear liability under a constitutional theory of ...


The Public Trust As An Antimonopoly Doctrine, Michael C. Blumm, Aurora Paulsen Moses 2017 Lewis & Clark Law School

The Public Trust As An Antimonopoly Doctrine, Michael C. Blumm, Aurora Paulsen Moses

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

The public trust doctrine originated—and has persisted in American law—as antimonopoly protection. From the time of its recognition by American courts in the early nineteenth century, the doctrine has protected the public against private monopolization of natural resources, beginning with tidal waters and wild animals. Ensuing public trust case law has extended the scope of trust protection to other important natural resources, including non-tidal and non-navigable waters, and land-based resources like parks. Courts are now considering the trust doctrine’s application to the atmosphere. Although there is a considerable body of legal scholarship on the public trust, the ...


Priority Of Condominium Associations’ Assessment Liens Vis–À–Vis Mortgages: Navigating In The Super-Priority Lien Jurisdictions, Aušra Gaigalaitė 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Priority Of Condominium Associations’ Assessment Liens Vis–À–Vis Mortgages: Navigating In The Super-Priority Lien Jurisdictions, Aušra Gaigalaitė

Seattle University Law Review

This Note will discuss the issues concerning laws regulating lien priority in association foreclosure sales and argue that lenders, because they are in the best position to do so, should implement proactive strategies to protect their interests in association foreclosures. Part I provides an overview of uniform law development and a history of Washington’s governing laws with a focus on recent problems relating to association lien priority. Part II presents analysis of the important court decisions applying the lien priority statute and discussion regarding current and proposed Washington law. Finally, Part III discusses potential solutions lenders should implement to ...


Perspectives - Jonathan Denham And Paul Wolf Of Denham Wolf Real Estate Services, James Hagy, Kelly Padden 2017 New York Law School

Perspectives - Jonathan Denham And Paul Wolf Of Denham Wolf Real Estate Services, James Hagy, Kelly Padden

Rooftops Project

In a conversation with Kelly Padden and Professor James Hagy of The Rooftops Project, Jon Denham and Paul Wolf reflect on their experiences with not-for-profit projects across mission types to draw lessons about creativity in locating and securing permanent space in one of the world’s most expensive real estate markets.


Perspectives - David Samuels And Themes Karalis Of Duval & Stachenfeld Llp, James Hagy, Jordan Moss 2017 New York Law School

Perspectives - David Samuels And Themes Karalis Of Duval & Stachenfeld Llp, James Hagy, Jordan Moss

Rooftops Project

Federal and state law can impose compliance requirements affecting both disposing of and transacting in real estate by not-for-profit organizations. In a dialogue with The Rooftop Project’s Jordan Moss and Professor James Hagy, David Samuels and Themes Karalis of the law firm Duval & Stachenfeld illustrate situations, including some unique to New York law and regulation, in which compliance and care are warranted.


Profiles - Rosie's Theater Kids, James Hagy, Frank Loffreno 2017 New York Law School

Profiles - Rosie's Theater Kids, James Hagy, Frank Loffreno

Rooftops Project

What started out as a single dance and song class in a borrowed New York City public school lunchroom has evolved into programming that touches the lives of students across all five New York City boroughs in a dedicated building near the heart of the Broadway theater district. The Rooftops Project’s Frank Loffreno and Professor James Hagy visit with Rosie’s Theater Kids cofounder and Artistic and Executive Director Lori Klinger and Director of Advancement Lindsay Miserandino at the Maravel Arts Center in New York’s Midtown West neighborhood.


Profiles - The Sammons Center, James Hagy, Brenda Alejo 2017 New York Law School

Profiles - The Sammons Center, James Hagy, Brenda Alejo

Rooftops Project

A historic but disused water pumping station, sited between active freeways, became an early and enduringly successful innovator in mission-centered notfor- profit supportive space for the arts. Brenda Alejo and Professor James Hagy of The Rooftops Project talk with Joanna St. Angelo, Executive Director of the Sammons Center for the Arts in Dallas, Texas.


Perspectives - Bms Building Management Systems, James Hagy, Frank Loffreno 2017 New York Law School

Perspectives - Bms Building Management Systems, James Hagy, Frank Loffreno

Rooftops Project

How can not-for-profit organizations better prepare themselves to launch and sustain effective relationships with their outside janitorial, security, and maintenance service providers? Mike Doherty, President and CEO of BMS Building Management Services, and members of his New York City team consider these themes with Frank Loffreno and Professor James Hagy of The Rooftops Project.


Perspectives - 120 Wall Street, James Hagy, Allison Snyder 2017 New York Law School

Perspectives - 120 Wall Street, James Hagy, Allison Snyder

Rooftops Project

Through a decades-long collaboration with the city and state, not-for-profit tenants occupy office space in a landmarked structure in the heart of Wall Street with the unusual advantage of no real estate taxes. The Rooftop Project’s Alison Snyder and Professor James Hagy interview Jeremy Moss and Camille McGratty of Silverstein Properties at the iconic 120 Wall Street building in lower Manhattan.


Profiles - Barrier Free Living, James Hagy, Christopher Whalen 2017 New York Law School

Profiles - Barrier Free Living, James Hagy, Christopher Whalen

Rooftops Project

What if you were homeless, a victim of domestic violence, and perhaps were also struggling with physical or mental disabilities? Where would you go? Christopher Whalen and Professor James Hagy of The Rooftops Project visit with Paul Feuerstein, founder, President, and CEO of Barrier Free Living, which has served these needs in New York City through a unique program established almost 40 years ago.


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