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“Far From The Turbulent Space”: Considering The Adequacy Of Counsel In The Representation Of Individuals Accused Of Being Sexually Violent Predators, Michael L. Perlin, Heather Ellis Cucolo 2014 SelectedWorks

“Far From The Turbulent Space”: Considering The Adequacy Of Counsel In The Representation Of Individuals Accused Of Being Sexually Violent Predators, Michael L. Perlin, Heather Ellis Cucolo

Michael L Perlin

Abstract:

For the past thirty years, the US Supreme Court's standard of Strickland v. Washington has governed the question of adequacy of counsel in criminal trials. There, in a Sixth Amendment analysis, the Supreme Court acknowledged that simply having a lawyer assigned to a defendant was not constitutionally adequate, but that that lawyer must provide "effective assistance of counsel," effectiveness being defined, pallidly, as requiring simply that counsel's efforts be “reasonable” under the circumstances. The benchmark for judging an ineffectiveness claim is simply “whether counsel’s conduct so undermined the proper function of the adversarial process that the ...


First Do No Harm: Euthanasia Of Incompetent Patients In Belgium, raphael cohen-almagor 2014 SelectedWorks

First Do No Harm: Euthanasia Of Incompetent Patients In Belgium, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

The aim of this article is to provide a critical review of euthanasia policy and practice in Belgium. It is argued that Belgium must address some major concerns: Euthanasia is not limited to terminally ill patients. It may be applied to patients with chronic degenerative diseases. Ending patients’ lives without request is a lingering problem. Terminal sedation is practiced, a procedure that does not require the patient’s consent. Some suggestions designed to improve the situation and prevent abuse are offered.


The Drug Shortage Crisis: What Happens When Generic Manufacturers "Just Say No", Stacey B. Lee 2014 SelectedWorks

The Drug Shortage Crisis: What Happens When Generic Manufacturers "Just Say No", Stacey B. Lee

Stacey B. Lee

In the past five years, the number of drug shortages in the United States has nearly quintupled. The majority of shortages involve generic sterile injectables used to fight infectious diseases and treat cancer. These complex drugs are produced in a concentrated market consisting of only a few generic manufacturers. Any disruption in their supply can result in shortages that leave patients without access to life-saving drugs which in some cases are the only treatment for their condition. These chronic shortages have been linked to many possible factors including product quality concerns, discontinuation of product lines, changes in supply and demand ...


Consciousness And Futility: A Proposal For A Legal Redefinition Of Death, Christopher Smith 2014 SelectedWorks

Consciousness And Futility: A Proposal For A Legal Redefinition Of Death, Christopher Smith

Christopher R Smith

Recent controversies in Texas (with the Marlise Muñoz case) and in California (with the Jahi McMath case) have highlighted a lamentable flaw in the current legal conception of human death, and the difficulty of defining when death finally occurs. The unworkable notion of “brain-death” remains the law in every state in the union, yet the philosophical and scientific foundations of this notion remain open to attack. This article posits that death is a fundamentally social construct, and that it is society at large (through its laws, public opinions, religious attitudes, etc.) that actually defines death. This essay then argues that ...


Foreseeability Decoded, Meiring de Villiers 2014 SelectedWorks

Foreseeability Decoded, Meiring De Villiers

Meiring de Villiers

The Article reviews the conceptual and doctrinal roles of the foreseeability doctrine in negligence law, and analyzes its application in cases where a new technology or unexplored scientific principle contributed to a plaintiff’s harm. It adopts the common law definition of foreseeability as a systematic relationship between a defendant’s wrongdoing and the plaintiff’s harm, and demonstrates translation of the concept into the language of science so that the common law meaning of the foreseeability doctrine is preserved. An analysis of the foreseeability of HIV/AIDS as a blood-borne risk illustrates application of the concept to contemporary issues ...


Positive Prognosis For Judges: A Look Into Judge-Directed Negotiations In Medical Malpractice Cases, Kristine Gamboa 2014 Pepperdine University

Positive Prognosis For Judges: A Look Into Judge-Directed Negotiations In Medical Malpractice Cases, Kristine Gamboa

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The article examines the effectiveness of the judge-directed negotiation program in the Unified Court System of New York State under the analysis of various medical malpractice lawsuits, which plays a vital role in the legislational reform in the field of medical malpractice. It informs that Douglas McKeon, Judge of the Bronx County Supreme Court had developed the concept of judge-directed negotiations. It overviews the praises and criticisms behind the success of the program.


"Toiling In The Danger And In The Morals Of Despair": Risk, Security, Danger, The Constitution, And The Clinician's Dilemma, Michael L. Perlin, Alison Julia Lynch 2014 SelectedWorks

"Toiling In The Danger And In The Morals Of Despair": Risk, Security, Danger, The Constitution, And The Clinician's Dilemma, Michael L. Perlin, Alison Julia Lynch

Michael L Perlin

Abstract: Persons institutionalized in psychiatric hospitals and “state schools” for those with intellectual disabilities have always been hidden from view. Such facilities were often constructed far from major urban centers, availability of transportation to such institutions was often limited, and those who were locked up were, to the public, faceless and often seen as less than human.

Although there has been regular litigation in the area of psychiatric (and intellectual disability) institutional rights for 40 years, much of this case law entirely ignores forensic patients – mostly those awaiting incompetency-to-stand trial determinations, those found permanently incompetent to stand trial, those acquitted ...


“Friend To The Martyr, A Friend To The Woman Of Shame”: Thinking About The Law, Shame And Humiliation, Michael L. Perlin, Naomi Weinstein 2014 SelectedWorks

“Friend To The Martyr, A Friend To The Woman Of Shame”: Thinking About The Law, Shame And Humiliation, Michael L. Perlin, Naomi Weinstein

Michael L Perlin

The need to pay attention to the law‘s capacity to allow for, to encourage, or (in some cases) to remediate humiliation, or humiliating or shaming behavior has increased exponentially as we begin to also take more seriously international human rights mandates, especially – although certainly not exclusively – in the context of the recently-ratified United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a Convention that calls for “respect for inherent dignity,” and characterizes "discrimination against any person on the basis of disability [as] a violation of the inherent dignity and worth of the human person...."

Humiliation and shaming, as ...


Ex-Post Right, Ex-Ante Wrong, Ariel Porat 2014 Notre Dame Law School

Ex-Post Right, Ex-Ante Wrong, Ariel Porat

Notre Dame Law Review

Should a doctor be held liable under negligence law for harmful treatment she administered to a patient, if the treatment should have been considered negligent at the time it was administered, but is now considered reasonable at the time of trial? Should a manufacturer be held liable for harm caused to a consumer from a product that is considered reasonable, and therefore nondefective, at the time of trial, but that should have been considered unreasonable, and therefore defective, at the time of its distribution? More generally put: Should the law impose liability for ex-post right but ex-ante wrong behaviors? The ...


Comment: Knowledge Circles And The Duty Of Care, Jill M. Fraley 2014 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Comment: Knowledge Circles And The Duty Of Care, Jill M. Fraley

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


Asbestos Wars: In Three Parts, David Partlett 2014 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Asbestos Wars: In Three Parts, David Partlett

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Continuing War With Asbestos: The Stalemate Among State Courts On Liability For Take-Home Asbestos Exposure, Meghan E. Flinn 2014 Washington and Lee University School of Law

A Continuing War With Asbestos: The Stalemate Among State Courts On Liability For Take-Home Asbestos Exposure, Meghan E. Flinn

Washington and Lee Law Review

No abstract provided.


From Sex For Pleasure To Sex For Parenthood: How The Law Manufactures Mothers, Beth A. Burkstrand-Reid 2013 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

From Sex For Pleasure To Sex For Parenthood: How The Law Manufactures Mothers, Beth A. Burkstrand-Reid

College of Law, Faculty Publications

As soon as sperm enter a woman, so do law and politics, or so the decades-long disputes surrounding abortion suggest. Now, however, renewed debates surrounding contraceptives show legal and political interference with women’s sexual and reproductive autonomy may actually precede the sperm. This Article argues that, increasingly, women even thinking about having sex are defined socially and legally as “mothers.” Via this broad definition of who is a “mother,” the State extends its reach into women’s decision-making throughout their reproductive lifetime.

This Article argues that the State simultaneously devalues women’s choices to have sex for pleasure, which ...


Speech As A Weapon: Planned Parenthood V. American Coalition Of Life Activists And The Need For A Reasonable Listener Standard, Alex J. Berkman 2013 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Speech As A Weapon: Planned Parenthood V. American Coalition Of Life Activists And The Need For A Reasonable Listener Standard, Alex J. Berkman

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Natural Rights Of Children, Walter E. Block 2013 SelectedWorks

The Natural Rights Of Children, Walter E. Block

Walter E Block

No abstract provided.


Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jim Hawkins 2013 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jim Hawkins

Indiana Law Journal

Scholarship on assisted reproductive technologies (ART) has emphasized the commercial nature of the interaction between fertility patients and their physicians, but little attention has been paid to precisely how clinics persuade patients to choose their clinics over their competitors’. This Article offers evidence about how clinics sell ART based on clinics’ advertising on their websites. To assess clinics’ marketing efforts, I coded advertising information on 372 fertility clinics’ websites. The results from the study confirm some suspicions of prior ART scholarship while contradicting others. For instance, in line with scholars who are concerned that racial minorities face barriers to accessing ...


Selling Art Or Selling Out?: A Response To Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jody L. Madeira 2013 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Selling Art Or Selling Out?: A Response To Selling Art: An Empirical Assessment Of Advertising On Fertility Clinics' Websites, Jody L. Madeira

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Economic Analysis Of Medical Malpractice Liability And Its Reform, Jennifer Arlen 2013 NELLCO

Economic Analysis Of Medical Malpractice Liability And Its Reform, Jennifer Arlen

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

This Chapter provides an economic analysis of medical error employing a model in which physicians who provide suboptimal medical care may have done so knowingly (as in the traditional model) or accidentally. Accidental medical error is a leading cause of medical negligence: many if not most physicians who provided suboptimal care did not know they were doing so but instead misdiagnosed the patient, unintentionally selected the wrong treatment or erred in treatment provision. Accordingly, in order to promote optimal health care markets, malpractice liability must be structured to both induce physicians to want to provide optimal treatments (when they are ...


Economic Analysis Of Medical Malpractice Liability And Its Reform, Jennifer Arlen 2013 NELLCO

Economic Analysis Of Medical Malpractice Liability And Its Reform, Jennifer Arlen

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

This Chapter provides an economic analysis of medical error employing a model in which physicians who provide suboptimal medical care may have done so knowingly (as in the traditional model) or accidentally. Accidental medical error is a leading cause of medical negligence: many if not most physicians who provided suboptimal care did not know they were doing so but instead misdiagnosed the patient, unintentionally selected the wrong treatment or erred in treatment provision. Accordingly, in order to promote optimal health care markets, malpractice liability must be structured to both induce physicians to want to provide optimal treatments (when they are ...


At And Along: A Review Of The Law And Ethics Of Medicine, Adam MacLeod 2013 SelectedWorks

At And Along: A Review Of The Law And Ethics Of Medicine, Adam Macleod

Adam MacLeod

No abstract provided.


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