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Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, yehezkel Margalit 2015 SelectedWorks

Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The dilemma of scarce medical resources is deeply rooted in the ancient mankind history, but it has been accelerated in the modern era with the appearance of the bio-medical innovations. This acute dilemma is relevant to all the western developed states, include Israel. Nevertheless, in one field there is the notion that Israel has unlimited medical resources – the fulfillment of its citizen's procreation and parenthood rights. Thus, for sociological, demographical, religious and security reasons the State of Israel invests a vast amount of money to develop and use the various fertility treatments. Israel, today, has the highest per capita ...


Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, Amy Sepinwall 2015 University of Pennsylvania

Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, Amy Sepinwall

Amy J. Sepinwall

In the paradigmatic case of conscientious objection, the objector claims that his religion forbids him from actively participating in a wrong (e.g., by fighting in a war). In the religious challenges to the Affordable Care Act’s employer mandate, on the other hand, employers claim that their religious convictions forbid them from merely subsidizing insurance through which their employees might commit a wrong (e.g., by using contraception). The understanding of complicity underpinning these challenges is vastly more expansive than what standard legal doctrine or moral theory contemplates. Courts routinely reject claims of conscientious objection to taxes that fund ...


Unreasonable Doubt: Warren Hill, Aedpa, And The Unconstitutionality Of Georgia's Reasonable Doubt Standard, Adam Lamparello 2015 SelectedWorks

Unreasonable Doubt: Warren Hill, Aedpa, And The Unconstitutionality Of Georgia's Reasonable Doubt Standard, Adam Lamparello

Adam Lamparello

Georgia’s “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard for determining intellectual disability has led to an absurd—and arbitrary—result. A Georgia state court held that defendant Warren Hill was intellectually disabled, yet still sentenced Hill to death. Seven experts—and the court—deemed Hill disabled under a preponderance of the evidence standard. He remains on death row, however, because Georgia’s “preposterous burden of proof” requires that intellectual disability be proved beyond a reasonable doubt, a standard experts have said is nearly impossible to satisfy. It “effectively limits the constitutional right protected in Atkins,” and creates a conditional, not categorical ...


Dog Whistling, The Color-Blind Jurisprudential Regime And The Constitutional Politics Of Race, Calvin J. TerBeek 2015 SelectedWorks

Dog Whistling, The Color-Blind Jurisprudential Regime And The Constitutional Politics Of Race, Calvin J. Terbeek

Calvin J TerBeek

Ian Haney Lopez’s new book, "Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class", has a provocative thesis. Lopez contends that dog-whistling, that is, coded racial rhetoric, “explains how politicians backed by concentrated wealth manipulate racial appeals to win elections and also to win support for regressive policies that help corporations and the super-rich, and in the process wreck the middle class." Though this may seem plausible enough, the thesis cannot stand up to scrutiny; the relevant political science literature provides no support for this. What is more, Lopez's treatment of the ...


Constructed Constraint And The Constitutional Text, Curtis A. Bradley, Neil S. Siegel 2015 Duke Law

Constructed Constraint And The Constitutional Text, Curtis A. Bradley, Neil S. Siegel

Faculty Scholarship

In recent years, constitutional theorists have attended to the unwritten aspects of American constitutionalism and, relatedly, to the ways in which the constitutional text can be “constructed” upon by various materials. This Article takes a different approach. Instead of considering how various materials can supplement, implement, or interact with the constitutional text, the Article focuses on how the text itself is often partially constructed in American constitutional practice. Although interpreters typically regard clear text as controlling, this Article contends that whether the text is perceived to be clear is often affected by various “modalities” of constitutional interpretation that are normally ...


Speaker Discrimination: The Next Frontier Of Free Speech, Michael Kagan 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Speaker Discrimination: The Next Frontier Of Free Speech, Michael Kagan

Scholarly Works

Citizens United v. FEC articulated a new pillar of free speech doctrine that is independent from the well-known controversies about corporate personhood and the role of money in elections. For the first time, the Supreme Court clearly said that discrimination on the basis of the identity of the speaker offends the First Amendment. Previously, the focus of free speech doctrine had been on the content and forum of speech, not on the identity of the speaker. This new doctrine has the potential to reshape free speech law far beyond the corporate speech and campaign finance contexts. This article explores the ...


Religious Freedom & Closely Held Corporations: The Hobby Lobby Case & Its Ethical Implications, Corey A. Ciocchetti 2014 SelectedWorks

Religious Freedom & Closely Held Corporations: The Hobby Lobby Case & Its Ethical Implications, Corey A. Ciocchetti

Corey A Ciocchetti

Hobby Lobby and its quest for religious freedom captured the attention of a nation for a few moments in late June 2014. The country homed in on the Supreme Court as the justices weighed the rights of an incorporated, profit-making entity run by devout individuals that objected to particular entitlements granted to women under the Affordable Care Act. The case raised important legal issues such as whether the law allows for-profit corporations to exercise religion (yes!) and whether protection for religious freedom trumps the rights of third parties to cost free preventive care (sort of!). The Supreme Court’s decision ...


The Scope Of Precedent, Randy J. Kozel 2014 University of Michigan Law School

The Scope Of Precedent, Randy J. Kozel

Michigan Law Review

The scope of Supreme Court precedent is capacious. Justices of the Court commonly defer to sweeping rationales and elaborate doctrinal frameworks articulated by their predecessors. This practice infuses judicial precedent with the prescriptive power of enacted constitutional and statutory text. The lower federal courts follow suit, regularly abiding by the Supreme Court’s broad pronouncements. These phenomena cannot be explained by—and, indeed, oftentimes subvert—the classic distinction between binding holdings and dispensable dicta. This Article connects the scope of precedent with recurring and foundational debates about the proper ends of judicial interpretation. A precedent’s forward- looking effect should ...


Speedy Trial As A Viable Challenge To Chronic Underfunding In Indigent-Defense Systems, Emily Rose 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Speedy Trial As A Viable Challenge To Chronic Underfunding In Indigent-Defense Systems, Emily Rose

Michigan Law Review

Across the country, underresourced indigent-defense systems create delays in taking cases to trial at both the state and federal levels. Attempts to increase funding for indigent defense by bringing ineffective assistance of counsel claims have been thwarted by high procedural and substantive hurdles, and consequently these attempts have failed to bring significant change. This Note argues that, because ineffective assistance of counsel litigation is most likely a dead end for system-wide reform, indigent defenders should challenge the constitutionality of underfunding based on the Sixth Amendment guarantee of speedy trial. Existing speedy trial jurisprudence suggests that the overworking and furloughing of ...


Ryan V. Gonzalez And The Potential Elimination Of The Ineffective Assistance Of Counsel Post Conviction Failsafe, Kathleen Carlson 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Ryan V. Gonzalez And The Potential Elimination Of The Ineffective Assistance Of Counsel Post Conviction Failsafe, Kathleen Carlson

Florida Law Review

Recently, the United States Supreme Court addressed in Ryan v. Gonzales “whether the incompetence of a state prisoner requires suspension of the prisoner’s federal habeas corpus proceedings.” In a unanimous decision, the Court held that “the Courts of Appeals for the Ninth and Sixth Circuits both erred in holding that district courts must stay federal habeas proceedings when petitioners are adjudged incompetent.” The decision leaves unanswered questions with regard to a petitioner’s ability to protect himself from ineffective or incompetent counsel both before and during the habeas proceeding.


No Small Feat: Who Won The Health Care Case (And Why Did So Many Law Professors Miss The Boat)?, Randy E. Barnett 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

No Small Feat: Who Won The Health Care Case (And Why Did So Many Law Professors Miss The Boat)?, Randy E. Barnett

Florida Law Review

In this Essay, prepared as the basis for the 2013 Dunwody Distinguished Lecture in Law at the University of Florida Levin College of Law, I describe five aspects of the United States Supreme Court’s decision in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius that are sometimes overlooked or misunderstood: (1) the Court held that imposing economic mandates on the people was unconstitutional under the Commerce and Necessary and Proper Clauses; (2) Chief Justice John Roberts’s reasoning was the holding in the case, whether viewed from a formalist or a realist perspective; (3) the Court did not uphold the ...


When The Commerce Clause Goes International: A Proposed Legal Framework For The Foreign Commerce Clause, Naomi Harlin Goodno 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

When The Commerce Clause Goes International: A Proposed Legal Framework For The Foreign Commerce Clause, Naomi Harlin Goodno

Florida Law Review

The world is becoming a smaller place. Technology and the Internet have made global travel and communication easier, quicker, and more common. Novel legal issues arise every day to deal with this modern interconnected world. How does the law address these new problems?

Congress is allowed “[t]o regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” The scope of Congress’s power to regulate commerce “among the several States” (the “Interstate Commerce Clause”) has long been debated. In the modern world of global interaction, Congress’s power to regulate commerce “with foreign Nations ...


Religion And The Equal Protection Clause: Why The Constitution Requires School Vouchers, Steven G. Calabresi, Abe Salander 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Religion And The Equal Protection Clause: Why The Constitution Requires School Vouchers, Steven G. Calabresi, Abe Salander

Florida Law Review

Ask anyone whether the Constitution permits discrimination on the basis of religion, and the response will undoubtedly be no. Yet the modern Supreme Court has not recognized that the antidiscrimination command of the Fourteenth Amendment protects religion in the same way that the Amendment protects against discrimination on the basis of race or gender. In fact, the Supreme Court has permitted the legislature to facially discriminate against religion in funding programs. To make matters worse, thirty-seven state constitutions and the District of Columbia’s Code openly discriminate on the basis of religion in so-called Blaine Amendments.


Shots Fired: Second Amendment Jurisprudence And An Evolving Standard Of Review, Joseph N. Williams II 2014 SelectedWorks

Shots Fired: Second Amendment Jurisprudence And An Evolving Standard Of Review, Joseph N. Williams Ii

Joseph N Williams II

Until the late 2000s, the Supreme Court, to a greater or lesser extent, held the position that the Second Amendment was written for the states, and not the people. The words conferred the right on states to arm their own militias and a limitation on Congress’ ability to regulate state militias. This began to change in 2008, with the landmark case District of Columbia v. Heller, which struck down a number of gun control laws in the District of Columbia. In 2010, the Supreme Court again came down on the side of individual rights, in McDonald v. City of Chicago ...


State Taxation - Unitary Business/Formula Apportionment Tax Accounting Method - Application Of A Three Factor Formula To Apportion Income Of Foreign-Parent Corporations For State Tax Reporting Purposes Does Not Violate The Commerce Clausse Or The Due Process Clause Of The U.S. Constitution - Barclay's Bank Int'l, Ltd. V. Franchise Tax Bd., 10 Cal. App. 4th 1742, 14 Cal. Rptr. 2d 537 (Cal. Ct. App. 1992), Modified Reh'g Denied, 11 Cal. App. 4th 1678a (Cal. Ct. App. 1992)., Sarah B. Pierce 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

State Taxation - Unitary Business/Formula Apportionment Tax Accounting Method - Application Of A Three Factor Formula To Apportion Income Of Foreign-Parent Corporations For State Tax Reporting Purposes Does Not Violate The Commerce Clausse Or The Due Process Clause Of The U.S. Constitution - Barclay's Bank Int'l, Ltd. V. Franchise Tax Bd., 10 Cal. App. 4th 1742, 14 Cal. Rptr. 2d 537 (Cal. Ct. App. 1992), Modified Reh'g Denied, 11 Cal. App. 4th 1678a (Cal. Ct. App. 1992)., Sarah B. Pierce

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Canadian Federalism, Susan Lavergne 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Future Of Canadian Federalism, Susan Lavergne

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Internet Is The New Public Forum: Why Riley V. California Supports Net Neutrality, Adam Lamparello 2014 SelectedWorks

The Internet Is The New Public Forum: Why Riley V. California Supports Net Neutrality, Adam Lamparello

Adam Lamparello

Technology has ushered civil liberties into the virtual world, and the law must adapt by providing legal protections to individuals who speak, assemble, and associate in that world. The original purposes of the First Amendment, which from time immemorial have protected civil liberties and preserved the free, open, and robust exchange of information, support net neutrality. After all, laws or practices that violate cherished freedoms in the physical world also violate those freedoms in the virtual world. The battle over net neutrality is “is absolutely the First Amendment issue of our time,” just as warrantless searches of cell phones were ...


Human Rights - Haitian Refugees - Haitian Refugees Housed At Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Held To Have No Valid Constitutional Or International Law Claims To Challenge Forced Repatriation By The U.S. Government. Haitian Refugee Center V. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir. 1992), Cert. Denied, 112 S.Ct. 1245 (1992)., Jason A. Golden 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Human Rights - Haitian Refugees - Haitian Refugees Housed At Guantanamo Bay Naval Base Held To Have No Valid Constitutional Or International Law Claims To Challenge Forced Repatriation By The U.S. Government. Haitian Refugee Center V. Baker, 953 F.2d 1498 (11th Cir. 1992), Cert. Denied, 112 S.Ct. 1245 (1992)., Jason A. Golden

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


And Stay Out! The Dangers Of Using Anti-Immigrant Sentiment As A Basis For Social Policy: America Should Take Heed Of Disturbing Lessons From Great Britain's Past, Kevin C. Wilson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

And Stay Out! The Dangers Of Using Anti-Immigrant Sentiment As A Basis For Social Policy: America Should Take Heed Of Disturbing Lessons From Great Britain's Past, Kevin C. Wilson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Hammering Down Nails, Scott M. Lenhart 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Hammering Down Nails, Scott M. Lenhart

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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