Fourth Amendment Remedies As Rights: The Warrant Requirement, 2016 University of Maryland School of Law
Fourth Amendment Remedies As Rights: The Warrant Requirement, David C. Gray
David C. Gray
The constitutional status of the warrant requirement is hotly debated. Critics argue that neither the text nor history of the Fourth Amendment support a warrant requirement. Also questioned is the warrant requirement’s ability to protect Fourth Amendment interests. Perhaps in response to these concerns, the Court has steadily degraded the warrant requirement through a series of widening exceptions. The result is an unsatisfying jurisprudence that fails on both conceptual and practical grounds.
These debates have gained new salience with the emergence of modern surveillance technologies such as stingrays, GPS tracking, drones, and Big Data. Although a majority of the ...
James Wilson And The Moral Foundations Of Popular Sovereignty, 2016 WIlliam S. Boyd School of Law, UNLV
James Wilson And The Moral Foundations Of Popular Sovereignty, Ian C. Bartrum
Ian C Bartrum
This paper explores the moral philosophy underlying the constitutional doctrine of popular sovereignty. In particular, it focuses on the Scottish sentimentalism that informed James Wilson’s understanding of that doctrine. Wilson, a transplanted Scotsman, was perhaps the nation’s preeminent lawyer in the middle 1780s. He was one of the most important delegates to the Constitutional Convention, one of the nation’s first law professors, and served as Associate Justice on the first Supreme Court. In these capacities, he developed the most sophisticated and coherent account of popular sovereignty among the founding generation. My initial effort is to enrich our ...
Measuring Political Power: Suspect Class Determinations And The Poor, 2016 University of California - Berkeley
Measuring Political Power: Suspect Class Determinations And The Poor, Bertrall L. Ross, Su Li
Bertrall L Ross
Which classes are considered suspect under equal protection doctrine? The answer determines whether courts will defer to legislatures and other government actors when they single out a group for special burdens, or intervene to protect that group from such treatment. Laws burdening suspect classes receive the strictest scrutiny possible—and under current doctrine, whether a class is suspect turns largely on whether the court views the group as possessing political power.
But how do courts know when a class lacks political power? A liberal plurality of the Supreme Court initially suggested that political power should be measured according to a ...
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, 2016 Academia Sinica
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, Brian Christopher Jones
Brian Christopher Jones
Although contemporary societies covet the notion of a written constitution, the UK still stands as one of the few jurisdictions not in possession such a single document. Yet recently there has been renewed discussion regarding whether the UK should draft its own constitution (or at least entrench some form of constitutional law). A recent House of Commons committee report thoroughly analysed this prospect, and many scholars and practitioners consider such a result inevitable. This piece argues that such a document should not be drafted, but if it is, it should surely not be called a "Constitution".
Difficulties arise because over ...
Protecting The Watchdog: Using The Freedom Of Information Act To Preference The Press (Draft), 2016 Georgetown University Law Center
Protecting The Watchdog: Using The Freedom Of Information Act To Preference The Press (Draft), Erin C. Carroll
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
The fourth estate is undergoing dramatic changes. Many newspaper reporters, already surrounded by a growing number of empty desks, are shifting their focus away from costly investigative reporting and towards amassing Twitter followers and writing the perfect “share line.” Newspapers’ budgets can no longer robustly support accountability journalism and pitching fights against the government. And so, while this busier and noisier media environment may have a desirable democratizing effect—more of us are able to participate in analyzing, debating, and perhaps even making the news—it has not succeeded in filling a role that print journalists have traditionally played well ...
Fourth Amendment Time Machines (And What They Might Say About Police Body Cameras), 2016 University of Oklahoma College of Law
Fourth Amendment Time Machines (And What They Might Say About Police Body Cameras), Stephen E. Henderson
Stephen E Henderson
When it comes to criminal investigation, time travel is increasingly possible. Despite longstanding roots in traditional investigation, science is today providing something fundamentally different in the form of remarkably complete digital records. And those records not only store our past, but thanks to data mining and big data, in many circumstances they are eerily good at predicting our future. So, now that we stand on the threshold of investigatory time travel, how should the Fourth Amendment and legislation respond? How should we approach bulk government capture, such as by a solar-powered drone employing wide-area persistent stare technology? Is it meaningfully ...
From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, 2016 SelectedWorks
From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit
In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...
The Theory And Doctrine Of Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment In Canada, 2016 Boston College Law School
The Theory And Doctrine Of Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment In Canada, Richard Albert
It has become increasingly common for courts in constitutional democracies to invalidate constitutional amendments. Courts have enforced both written and unwritten limits on how political actors may exercise the formal amendment power. They have relied either on constitutional texts that expressly entrench provisions against formal amendment or on their own interpretation of these texts as implicitly establishing an unalterable constitutional core. Although the Supreme Court of Canada has not yet invalidated a constitutional amendment, modern case law provides the constitutional basis for the Court to declare that a future constitutional amendment violates either the text or spirit of the Constitution ...
The Commander In Chief's Authority To Combat Climate Change, 2015 SelectedWorks
The Commander In Chief's Authority To Combat Climate Change, Mark P. Nevitt
Mark P Nevitt
Climate change is the world’s greatest environmental threat. It also is increasingly understood as a threat to domestic and international peace and security. In recognition of this threat, the President has taken the initiative to prepare for climate change’s impact – in some cases drawing sharp objections from Congress. While both the President and Congress have constitutional authorities to address the national security threat posed by climate change, the precise contours of their overlapping powers are not clear. As Commander in Chief, the President has the constitutional authority to repel sudden attacks and take care that the laws are ...
Dangerous Dicta, 2015 University of Maryland School of Law
Dangerous Dicta, David C. Gray
David C. Gray
In United States v. Heller, the Court held that individuals have a Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms apart from their associations with state militias. Although that holding was and remains controversial, less attention has been paid to what the Heller Court had to say about the Fourth Amendment. Writing for the Court in Heller, Justice Scalia asserts that the phrase “right of the people” in the Fourth Amendment “unambiguously refers to individual rights, not ‘collective’ rights or rights that may only be exercised through participation in some corporate body.” By any definition, this is dicta. It is ...
Disparaging The Supreme Court: Is Scotus In Serious Trouble?, 2015 Liverpool Hope University
Disparaging The Supreme Court: Is Scotus In Serious Trouble?, Brian Christopher Jones
Brian Christopher Jones
The piece argues that the Court is now subject to the widest and most sophisticated disparagement it has ever experienced, and that the tumultuous terms over the past two years have especially shown its vulnerability. Journalists and the general public are now thinking and speaking about the institution in a much different light than previously, and a deeper conversation about the proper role of the Court, especially in regard to constitutional review, has only just begun. Also, the piece argues that the justices’ disparagement of each other has contributed to this wider criticism, and that the recent health care and ...
Content-Based Copyright Denial, 2015 University of South Carolina
Content-Based Copyright Denial, Ned Snow
Indiana Law Journal
No principle of First Amendment law is more firmly established than the principle that government may not restrict speech based on its content. It would seem to follow, then, that Congress may not withhold copyright protection for disfavored categories of content, such as violent video games or pornography. This Article argues otherwise. This Article is the first to recognize a distinction in the scope of coverage between the First Amendment and the Copyright Clause. It claims that speech protection from government censorship does not imply speech protection from private copying. Crucially, I argue that this distinction in the scope of ...
Can The Commonwealth (Latimer House) Principles Of 2003 Serve As Aneffective Framework Forsafeguarding Democracy, 2015 Centre Institute for Public Policy Research
Can The Commonwealth (Latimer House) Principles Of 2003 Serve As Aneffective Framework Forsafeguarding Democracy, Centre Institute For Public Policy Research (Cippr)
Centre Institute for Public Policy Research (CIPPR)
The Latimer House Guidelines were written at the start of the new millennium some 11 years ago. After the Guidelines, other supporting documents have been churned out by the Commonwealth. The Guidelines present a framework for achieving separation of powers to enhance honesty, probity and accountability in government in Commonwealth countries. The outstanding question however is how well these guidelines do invoke Monsieur Baron de Montesquieu’s spirit in view of the current challenges faced by governments in Commonwealth countries? Do the guidelines present an effective framework for safeguarding democracy and the rule of law in the States concerned? These ...
Disaggregating Corpus Christi: The Illiberal Implications Of Hobby Lobby's Right To Free Exercise, 2015 Columbia University
Disaggregating Corpus Christi: The Illiberal Implications Of Hobby Lobby's Right To Free Exercise, Katharine Jackson
Los Efectos Nacionales De La Sentencia Interamericana, 2015 Miembro del Centro de Estudios de Derechos Humanos y Alumno de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de San Martín de Porres
Los Efectos Nacionales De La Sentencia Interamericana, Elard Ricardo Bolaños Salazar
Elard Ricardo Bolaños Salazar
En el presente trabajo, el autor explica los alcances vinculantes de las decisiones de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos con sencillez y claridad, sobre la base de la jurisprudencia de los máximos tribunales de varios países de la región. Con la reciente expedición de la sentencia en el caso Cruz Sánchez (más conocido como Chavín de Huántar) y las discusiones surgidas respecto a lo que la Corte ha ordenado, este trabajo se presenta como una herramienta útil para determinar los efectos que tendrá esta sentencia.
Transcripts, 2015 Catholic university of eastern Africa
Transcripts, Kevin Ndoho Macharia
Kevin Ndoho Macharia
This are my Transcripts.
The Conflict Of Laws In Armed Conflicts And Wars, 2015 Loyola University Chicago, Law School
The Conflict Of Laws In Armed Conflicts And Wars, John C. Dehn
John C. Dehn
After over thirteen years of continuous armed conflict, neither courts nor scholars are closer to a common understanding of whether, or how, international and U.S. law interact to regulate acts of belligerency by the United States. This Article articulates the first normative theory regarding the relationship of customary international law to U.S. domestic law that fully harmonizes Supreme Court precedent. It then applies this theory to customary international laws of war to better articulate the legal framework regulating the armed conflicts of the United States. It demonstrates that the relationship of customary international law to U.S. law ...
Arguments In Support Of A Constitutional Right To Atmospheric Integrity, 2015 Pace University
Arguments In Support Of A Constitutional Right To Atmospheric Integrity, Elizabeth Fuller Valentine
Pace Environmental Law Review
As used in this paper, “atmospheric integrity” refers to the interrelated physical, chemical, and biological processes on planet Earth that enable human and non-human life now and in the future and recognizes that modern civilization has developed within the relatively stable, current geologic period known as the Holocene. I chose to focus on atmospheric integrity, rather than more broadly on environmental integrity, because the health of terrestrial and aquatic habitats is inextricably tied to atmospheric stability. This assertion is not meant to minimize the multitude of harms impacting land and water. It is just that the magnitude of the climate ...
Stemming The Hobby Lobby Tidal Wave: Why Rfra Challenges To Obama's Executive Order Prohibiting Federal Contractors From Discriminating Against Lgbt Employees Will Not Succeed, Kayla Higgins
On July 21, 2014 President Obama released Executive Order 13672, which expressly aimed to provide for a uniform policy for the Federal Government to prohibit discrimination and take further steps to promote economy and efficiency in Federal Government procurement by prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Some commentators believe that the order “could be the next battleground” for the competing views of religious leaders and liberals when it comes to how to weigh religious liberty against other priorities. However, there are two main reasons why the most recent executive order should not crumble under the Hobby Lobby ...
Originalism Talk: A Legal History, 2015 Brigham Young University Law School
Originalism Talk: A Legal History
BYU Law Review
No abstract provided.