A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, 2015 SelectedWorks
A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins Jd, Llm, Jennifer L. Chapman Jd, Cpa, Jason M. Gordon Jd, Mba
Benjamin W. Akins
Bitcoin is a virtual, cryptocurrency growing rapidly in influence throughout the world. Numerous characteristics associated with the bitcoin system, including low transaction costs and greater user privacy, make it appealing as a medium of electronic payment. The number of users of bitcoin, including merchants accepting the currency as a form of payment, has grown considerably in recent years. Estimates indicate that there are more than 60,000 active bitcoin users as of September 2012, with nearly 11 million bitcoins in existence. According to the latest estimates, bitcoin market capitalization is roughly $9 billion. The growth of bitcoin as an accepted ...
Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing, Josephine Sandler Nelson
The intracorporate conspiracy doctrine immunizes an enterprise and its agents from conspiracy prosecution based on the legal fiction that an enterprise and its agents are a single actor incapable of the meeting of two minds to form a conspiracy. The doctrine, however, misplaces incentives in contravention of agency law, criminal law, tort law, and public policy. As a result, harmful behavior is ordered and performed without consequences, and the victims of the behavior suffer without appropriate remedy.
Especially in the wake of the financial crisis, prosecutors and the public are searching for new tools to combat corporate conspiracy. The most ...
Extract From Joseph M. Perillo, Calamari And Perillo On Contracts § 1.8(B) (7th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Jan. 2015), Citing Bigler & Tillman's Void Or Voidable? -- Curing Defects In Stock Issuances Under Delaware Law, 2015 SelectedWorks
Extract From Joseph M. Perillo, Calamari And Perillo On Contracts § 1.8(B) (7th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Jan. 2015), Citing Bigler & Tillman's Void Or Voidable? -- Curing Defects In Stock Issuances Under Delaware Law, Seth Barrett Tillman
Seth Barrett Tillman
Extract from Joseph M. Perillo, Calamari and Perillo on Contracts § 1.8(b) n.8 (7th ed. forthcoming circa Jan. 2015), citing Bigler & Tillman's Void or Voidable? -- Curing Defects in Stock Issuances Under Delaware Law.
[December 8, 2013]
Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law
Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall
Brian M McCall
Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...
Constructed Constraint And The Constitutional Text, 2015 Duke Law
Constructed Constraint And The Constitutional Text, Curtis A. Bradley, Neil S. Siegel
In recent years, constitutional theorists have attended to the unwritten aspects of American constitutionalism and, relatedly, to the ways in which the constitutional text can be built upon, or “constructed,” by various materials. This Article, by contrast, focuses on the role of the constitutional text itself, and in doing so employs an older, more interpretive understanding of constitutional “construction.” Under some accounts, the text plays a minor role. On this view, interpreters may invoke the text rhetorically, but it does not constrain their interpretations. These critical accounts can be contrasted with strictly textualist theories, which maintain that constitutional interpretation derives ...
Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, 2015 The University of Akron School of Law
Work Made For Hire – Analyzing The Multifactor Balancing Test, Ryan G. Vacca
Ryan G. Vacca
Authorship, and hence, initial ownership of copyrighted works is oftentimes controlled by the 1976 Copyright Act’s work made for hire doctrine. This doctrine states that works created by employees within the scope of their employment result in the employer owning the copyright. One key determination in this analysis is whether the hired party is an employee or independent contractor. In 1989, the U.S. Supreme Court, in CCNV v. Reid, answered the question of how employees are distinguished from independent contractors by setting forth a list of factors courts should consider. Unfortunately, the Supreme Court did not give further ...
Structural Police Reform, 2015 University of Illinois College of Law
Structural Police Reform, Stephen Rushin
For most of American history, courts and policymakers have relied on a small handful of relatively non-invasive tools to fight police misconduct. These traditional approaches to police regulation merely incentivized, but did not force, police departments to adopt costly reforms aimed at curbing unconstitutional behavior. In 1994, Congress passed 42 U.S.C. §14141, a statute authorizing the Attorney General to initiate structural reform litigation against local police agencies engaged in a pattern or practice of misconduct. Although some of the nation’s largest cities have now undergone this sort of structural police reform, there has been little empirical legal ...
Federal Arbitration Act Preemption Of State Public-Policy-Based Employment Arbitration Doctrine: An Autopsy And An Argument For Federal Agency Oversight, E. Gary Spitko
This article examines the negative impact that the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent jurisprudence interpreting the Federal Arbitration Act (“FAA”) will have on the ability of states to promote the public interests that ground state employment regulation and argues for a reordering of the relationship between federal arbitration law and state public-policy-based employment arbitration doctrine. The article proceeds in three steps. First, the article demonstrates that the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2011 decision in AT&T Mobility, Inc. v. Concepcion and 2013 decision in American Express Co. v. Italian Colors Restaurant together extinguish the state effective-vindication and public ...
Placeholder, 2014 SelectedWorks
Placeholder, Seth Barrett Tillman
Seth Barrett Tillman
This is a placeholder.
[June 21, 2011]
Extract From Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary Of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Dec. 2014), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, 2014 SelectedWorks
Extract From Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary Of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Dec. 2014), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, Seth Barrett Tillman
Seth Barrett Tillman
This is an extract from Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th ed. forthcoming circa Dec. 2014), citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment on Shall and May.
[July 22, 2013]
Extract From Yasmin Dawood, Classifying Corruption, Duke Journal Of Contitutional Law & Public Policy (Forthcoming Circa June 2014), Citing Teachout-Tillman Exchange And Tillman On Lessig, 2014 SelectedWorks
Extract From Yasmin Dawood, Classifying Corruption, Duke Journal Of Contitutional Law & Public Policy (Forthcoming Circa June 2014), Citing Teachout-Tillman Exchange And Tillman On Lessig, Seth Barrett Tillman
Seth Barrett Tillman
Yasmin Dawood, Classifying Corruption, 9 Duke J. Const. L. & Pub. Pol’y (forthcoming circa June 2014) (manuscript at 10 n.47, 11 n.56), citing Teachout-Tillman exchange and Tillman on Lessig.
[February 27, 2014]
Ronald Collins & David Skover, When Money Speaks: The Mccutcheon Case, Campaign Financing Laws, And The First Amendment (2014), Citing Teachout-Tillman Exchange And Tillman's Response To Lessig, 2014 SelectedWorks
Ronald Collins & David Skover, When Money Speaks: The Mccutcheon Case, Campaign Financing Laws, And The First Amendment (2014), Citing Teachout-Tillman Exchange And Tillman's Response To Lessig, Seth Barrett Tillman
Seth Barrett Tillman
Ronald Collins & David Skover, When Money Speaks: The McCutcheon Case, Campaign Financing Laws, and The First Amendment, § Bibliography, at 379 (2014), citing Teachout-Tillman exchange, and Tillman's Response to Lessig.
[March 8, 2014]
Sex Offender Residency Restrictions Serve No Purpose, 2014 Golden Gate University School of Law
Sex Offender Residency Restrictions Serve No Purpose, Stephen Butts
GGU Law Review Blog
No abstract provided.
The Death Of Tax Court Exceptionalism, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Death Of Tax Court Exceptionalism, Stephanie Hoffer, Christopher J. Walker
Christopher J. Walker
Tax exceptionalism—the view that tax law does not have to play by the administrative law rules that govern the rest of the regulatory state—has come under attack in recent years. In 2011, the Supreme Court rejected such exceptionalism by holding that judicial review of the Treasury Department’s interpretations of the tax code is subject to the same Chevron deference regime that applies throughout the administrative state. The D.C. Circuit followed suit by rejecting the IRS’s position that its notices are not subject to judicial review under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). This Article calls for ...
Orwellian Surveillance Of Vehicular Travels, 2014 SelectedWorks
Orwellian Surveillance Of Vehicular Travels, Sam Hanna
What would someone learn about you if all your automobile travels were ubiquitously tracked beginning today? Creating an indefinite database of a person’s previous automobile travels to formulate deductions on intimate details of people's lives is precisely what law enforcement agencies are currently able to accomplish with automatic license plate recognition (“ALPR”). With the ubiquity of ALPR cameras, continuous government surveillance of automobile travels is no longer a figment of the imagination. Consequently, the judicial and legislative branches of government must embark on balancing the private and public interests implicated by this technology. Failure to set suitable boundaries ...
An Imminent Substantial Disruption: Towards A Uniform Standard For Balancing The Rights Of Students To Speak And The Rights Of Administrators To Discipline., Allison G. Kort
Allison G Kort
An Imminent Substantial Disruption: Toward a Uniform Standard for Balancing the Rights of Students to Speak and the Rights of Administrators to Discipline.
By Allison Kort
Twenty-five years before the Supreme Court’s landmark school speech decision in Tinker v. Des Moines, 393 U.S. 503, 504 (1969), the Court cautioned against placing too much discretion in the hands of school boards. In Tinker, when students wore black armbands to protest the Vietnam War, the Supreme Court determined that student speech may not be censored when the record demonstrates no facts which would reasonably have led school authorities to ...
Outsourcing Corporate Accountability, 2014 Washington and Lee University School of Law
Outsourcing Corporate Accountability, Kish Vinayagamoorthy
This Article addresses the problem of preventing human rights violations abroad that result from the globalization of business. It specifically explores the challenge of promoting corporate social responsibility in global value chains. The modern business has changed dramatically and has “gone global” in order to court foreign markets and secure resources, including labor. Familiar household names, such as Nike and Apple, have “outsourced” many of their functions to suppliers overseas. As multinational buyers, they dominate one end of the global value chain. At the opposite end of the value chain are the local managers and owners of the factories and ...
Self, Privacy, And Power: Is It All Over?, 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law
Self, Privacy, And Power: Is It All Over?, Richard Warner
The realization of a multifaceted self is an ideal one strives to realize. One realizes such a self in large part through interaction with others in various social roles. Such realization requires a significant degree of informational privacy. Informational privacy is the ability to determine for yourself when others may collect and how they may use your information. The realization of multifaceted selves requires informational privacy in public. There is no contradiction here: informational privacy is a matter of control, and you can have such control in public. Current information processing practices greatly reduce privacy in public thereby threatening the ...
Climate Engineering Field Research: The Favorable Setting Of International Environmental Law, Jesse Reynolds
Abstract: As forecasts for climate change and its impacts have become direr, climate engineering proposals have come under increasing consideration and are presently moving toward field trials. This article examines the relevant international environmental law, distinguishing between climate engineering research and deployment. It also emphasizes the climate change context of these proposals and the enabling function of law. Extant international environmental law generally favors such field tests, in large part because, even though field trials may present uncertain risks to humans and the environment, climate engineering may reduce the greater risks of climate change. Notably, this favorable legal setting is ...
When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School
When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr.
There are two principal ways in which a firm that is owed money payable in the future but needs the money now may use its rights to payment (“receivables”) to obtain the needed financing. It might sell its receivables, or it might borrow and use the receivables as collateral to secure the loan. Different legal consequences follow depending on whether the transaction is a true sale or is a security interest that secures an obligation (a “SISO”).
These legal consequences are particularly salient when the firm enters bankruptcy. If the transaction is a sale, then the buyer can collect the ...