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European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley 2018 University of Miami School of Law

European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Privacy In The Age Of The Hacker: Balancing Global Privacy And Data Security Law, Cunningham, Mckay, McKay Cunningham 2018 Concordia University School of Law

Privacy In The Age Of The Hacker: Balancing Global Privacy And Data Security Law, Cunningham, Mckay, Mckay Cunningham

McKay Cunningham

The twin goals of privacy and data security share a fascinating symbiotic relationship: too much of one undermines the other. The international regulatory climate, embodied principally by the European Union’s 1995 Directive, increasingly promotes privacy. In the last two decades, fifty-three countries enacted national legislation largely patterned after the E.U. Directive. These laws, by and large, protect privacy by restricting data processing and data transfers.

At the same time, hacking, malware, and other cyber-threats continue to grow in frequency and sophistication. In 2010, one security firm recorded 286 million variants of malware and reported that 232.4 million ...


La Corte Di Giustizia Della Ue Specifica In Quale Caso La Denominazione Di Un Prodotto Contenente Un Ingrediente Protetto Da Una Dop Non Ne Implica L'Usurpazione, L'Imitazione O L'Evocazione: La Sentenza "Champagner Sorbet", Luis González Vaqué 2018 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

La Corte Di Giustizia Della Ue Specifica In Quale Caso La Denominazione Di Un Prodotto Contenente Un Ingrediente Protetto Da Una Dop Non Ne Implica L'Usurpazione, L'Imitazione O L'Evocazione: La Sentenza "Champagner Sorbet", Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

Provided for non-commercial research and education use. Not for reproduction, distribution or commercial use.

- L’articolo 118 quaterdecies, paragrafo 2, lettera a), ii), del regolamento (CE) n. 1234/2007 del Consiglio, del 22 ottobre 2007, recante organizzazione comune dei mercati agricoli e disposizioni specifiche per taluni prodotti agricoli (regolamento unico OCM), come modificato dal regolamento (CE) n. 491/2009 del Consiglio, del 25 maggio 2009, e l’articolo 103, paragrafo 2, lettera a), ii), del regolamento (UE) n. 1308/2013 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio, del 17 dicembre 2013, recante organizzazione comune dei mercati dei prodotti agricoli e che ...


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin 2018 Winthrop University

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll 2017 Selected Works

Security In A Liberal Union: Eu Asylum And Migration Control Policies, Gregor Noll

Gregor Noll


In this contribution I argue that the asylum and migration control policies of the EU are usefully analysed as an expression of liberal thought. I will show how the roots of these policies go all the way back to the creation of the Union in the 50s and illustrate how this heritage affects the prevailing rules in the areas of migration and asylum. I shall also highlight how this order was paradoxically strengthened during the crisis of 2015 and 2016. I will explain why the concept of solidarity in EU law is poorly constructed and map possible solutions. If the ...


La Auto-Regulación Del Etiquetado De La Lista De Ingredientes En Las Bebidas Alcohólicas: ¿Un Aprobado 'Justo' Para Una Asignatura Pendiente?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

La Auto-Regulación Del Etiquetado De La Lista De Ingredientes En Las Bebidas Alcohólicas: ¿Un Aprobado 'Justo' Para Una Asignatura Pendiente?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

El Informe de la Comisión relativo al etiquetado obligatorio de la lista de ingredientes y la declaración nutricional de las bebidas alcohólicas responde a la obligación impuesta en virtud del artículo 16, apartado 4, del Reglamento (UE) n.º 1169/2011 sobre la información alimentaria facilitada al consumidor (dicha disposición exime a las bebidas alcohólicas con un contenido superior al 1,2 % en volumen de alcohol de la inclusión en la lista obligatoria de ingredientes). Si bien el etiquetado nutricional puede desempeñar un cierto papel en la promoción de un consumo más moderado de alcohol, la cuestión del etiquetado de ...


La Sentencia «Superfoz-Intermarché» Relativa A Las Tasas Sobre El Control Alimentario [Reglamento (Ce) Nº 882/2004]: Un Precedente Peligroso, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

La Sentencia «Superfoz-Intermarché» Relativa A Las Tasas Sobre El Control Alimentario [Reglamento (Ce) Nº 882/2004]: Un Precedente Peligroso, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

El TJUE declaró que los artículos 26 y 27 del Reglamento (CE) n.o 882/2004 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 29 de abril de 2004, sobre los controles oficiales efectuados para garantizar la verificación del cumplimiento de la legislación en materia de piensos y alimentos y la normativa sobre salud animal y bienestar de los animales, en su versión modificada por el Reglamento (UE) nº 652/2014 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 15 de mayo de 2014, deben interpretarse en el sentido de que no se oponen a la imposición de una tasa destinada a ...


Los Perfiles Nutricionales [Artículo 4 Del Reglamento (Ce) Relativo A Las Declaraciones Nutricionales Y De Propiedades Saludables En Los Alimentos]: ¿Una Mala Buena Idea?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

Los Perfiles Nutricionales [Artículo 4 Del Reglamento (Ce) Relativo A Las Declaraciones Nutricionales Y De Propiedades Saludables En Los Alimentos]: ¿Una Mala Buena Idea?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

Los consumidores pueden percibir que los alimentos en cuyo etiquetado figuran declaraciones nutricionales o de propiedades saludables tienen una ventaja nutricional, fisiológica u otra cualidad para la salud en comparación con productos similares u otros sin dichas declaraciones. La aplicación de perfiles nutricionales tiene como objetivo evitar una situación en la que las declaraciones nutricionales o de propiedades saludables puedan inducir a error a los consumidores en cuanto a la calidad nutricional general de un producto alimenticio cuando se trata de tomar decisiones saludables en el contexto de una dieta equilibrada. Cabe preguntarse si la falta de perfiles nutricionales a ...


Possible Unfair Practices In The Marketing Of Differentiated Food Products In The Single Market: The Concept Of The “Legitimate Expectations” Of Consumers, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

Possible Unfair Practices In The Marketing Of Differentiated Food Products In The Single Market: The Concept Of The “Legitimate Expectations” Of Consumers, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

During the month of September 2017 the Commission published guidelines entitled “Commission Notice on the application of EU food and consumer protection law to issues of Dual Quality of products — The specific case of food”. In this article the author deals with the problem of the marketing of differentiated food products in the Single Market, taking into account that it likely constitutes a commercial practice prohibited by Directive 2005/29/EC on Unfair Commercial Practices, basing it on a critical analysis of the above mentioned Commission Notice on dual quality (a document that is a first step in the right ...


La Sentenza “Superfoz” Relativa Alla Tassa Sul Controllo Dei Prodotti Alimentari: Un Precedente Pericoloso?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

La Sentenza “Superfoz” Relativa Alla Tassa Sul Controllo Dei Prodotti Alimentari: Un Precedente Pericoloso?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

The European Court of Justice (Ninth Chamber) ruled that articles 26 and 27 of Regulation No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules, as amended by Regulation (EU) No 652/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014, must be interpreted as not precluding the imposition of a charge, such as a national provision that establishes a charge to finance official controls related to food safety, on ...


L’Indicazione D’Origine Degli Ingredienti: Una Rivoluzione Francese Neo-Protezionista?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

L’Indicazione D’Origine Degli Ingredienti: Una Rivoluzione Francese Neo-Protezionista?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

Non ci stancheremo di ripeterlo: imporre l’obbligo della suddetta indicazione d’origine appare superfluo e infondato dato che nulla impedisce ai produttori di includere tale riferimento su base volontaria (e, naturalmente, veritiera) per soddisfare quei consumatori presumibilmente tanto preoccupati di conoscere la provenienza (nazionale o estera) degli alimenti acquistati. Infine, permetteteci di fare un avvertimento: la menzione dell’origine, quando è imposta, a torto o a ragione, in generale contribuisce irrimediabilmente alla frammentazione e alla disintegrazione del Mercato interno… Facciamola finita con tutte queste leggi obbligatorie e lasciamo che sia il consumatore a decidere!


Slave To The Algorithm? Why A 'Right To An Explanation' Is Probably Not The Remedy You Are Looking For, Lilian Edwards, Michael Veale 2017 Duke Law

Slave To The Algorithm? Why A 'Right To An Explanation' Is Probably Not The Remedy You Are Looking For, Lilian Edwards, Michael Veale

Duke Law & Technology Review

Algorithms, particularly machine learning (ML) algorithms, are increasingly important to individuals’ lives, but have caused a range of concerns revolving mainly around unfairness, discrimination and opacity. Transparency in the form of a “right to an explanation” has emerged as a compellingly attractive remedy since it intuitively promises to open the algorithmic “black box” to promote challenge, redress, and hopefully heightened accountability. Amidst the general furore over algorithmic bias we describe, any remedy in a storm has looked attractive. However, we argue that a right to an explanation in the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is unlikely to present a ...


Update: International Human Rights, James Hart Mr. 2017 University of Cincinnati - Main Campus

Update: International Human Rights, James Hart Mr.

Law Librarian Articles and Other Publications

This guide explains the procedures of the major international human rights systems because it is procedures that create the need to record or communicate. In other words, documents emanate from critical junctures in a process. The guide does not cover the content of the human rights themselves. Nor does it explicate the websites that hold the documents, but it will give you the information you will need to understand them. The guide will, however, give you URLs. With the information in the guide, you will be able to navigate your way through the websites without detailed directions. The first part ...


Self-Regulation Of The Labelling Of The List Of Ingredients Of Alcoholic Beverages: A Long-Term Solution?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

Self-Regulation Of The Labelling Of The List Of Ingredients Of Alcoholic Beverages: A Long-Term Solution?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

The proposal to make it compulsory to include a list of ingredients in the labelling of wine and other alcoholic beverages has been debated and rejected many times. It was discussed at length during the legal process leading to the adoption of Directive 79/112/EEC on the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs, when the ultimately successful arguments presented by opponents of the measure ranged from the view that wine is a living organism whose composition is constantly mutating, to the opinion that such information is irrelevant to consumers. Alcoholic beverages thus remained exempt, despite article 6.3 of ...


Towards A New Regulatory Framework For Gm Crops In The European Union, Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

Towards A New Regulatory Framework For Gm Crops In The European Union, Leire Escajedo San-Epifanio, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

Scientific, ethical, social and legal issues and the challenges ahead

Aware of the significant potential of nascent biotechnologies, the European Economic Community (the predecessor to the European Union) was one of the first regions in the world to develop a regulatory framework for them. Back in the 1980s, the objective of Community member countries was to strengthen the standards of consensus and collaboration, and of environmental and health safety, as well as to promote an industrial sector of enormous potential. In spite of all effort, towards the end of the 1990s it was a widely accepted fact that a number ...


The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black 2017 Seattle University School of Law

The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black

Seattle University Law Review

Intellectual property law is territorial in nature. That is why intellectual property assets have always been favorites among international tax planners. Rapid appreciation, even faster transfer times, and a somewhat vague standard for appraisal and valuation make for an interesting field of play. Transfer the assets to a low tax jurisdiction before the appreciation begins, and you find yourself with a large income stream that is taxed at a low rate. Miss the beat, and you have a large tax hit. For these reasons, many nations have followed the lead of Ireland in providing for so-called “patent box” schemes. These ...


The Published Works Of Sir Nigel Rodley, James W. Hart 2017 University of Cincinnati College of Law

The Published Works Of Sir Nigel Rodley, James W. Hart

Law Librarian Articles and Other Publications

This work is a comprehensive bibliography of the writings of Sir Nigel Rodley that was compiled for the Urban Morgan Human Rights Conference Honoring Sir Nigel Rodley that was held at the University of Cincinnati College of Law on October 28 and 29, 2017. It lists the books that he was the sole author of, books that he edited either solely or with others, chapters in books edited by others, journal articles, conference papers, book reviews, reports issued as part of his UN work, two manuscripts, introductions, forwards, comments, tributes, and obituaries. It does not list decisions of the UN ...


The Pedagogical Needs Of Children And Adults Living In The Calais Jungle Refugee Camp: Existential Issues And Perspectives Of Volunteer Teachers And Workers, Theresa C. Bodon, Nancy K. Votteler 2017 Sam Houston State University

The Pedagogical Needs Of Children And Adults Living In The Calais Jungle Refugee Camp: Existential Issues And Perspectives Of Volunteer Teachers And Workers, Theresa C. Bodon, Nancy K. Votteler

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study aimed at examining the pedagogical needs and challenges of children and young adults living in a refugee camp in France known as the Calais Jungle. Through the researchers’ observations and interviews with volunteer teachers and workers at the camp, insights into their perspectives shed light on the pedagogical needs of refugees. Also, utilizing Paulo Freire’s philosophical stance, this study provides a contextual approach to the educational practices and ideological viewpoints represented within unregulated refugee camp settings.


The Evolution Of The European Union's Asylum Policy Through The 2015 Migrant Crisis, Roshni J. Sopariwalla 2017 University of California, Santa Barbara

The Evolution Of The European Union's Asylum Policy Through The 2015 Migrant Crisis, Roshni J. Sopariwalla

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Since 2015, an unexpected number of migrants have rushed to the European Union in hopes of improving their lives. Contrary to their expectations, asylum-seekers realized that the EU is neither prepared nor willing to host them. This paper follows the progression of the EU’s asylum policies, beginning with the 1951 Geneva Convention and the principle of non-refoulement. After establishing the criteria necessary for a migrant to be legally recognized as a refugee, the paper will look at how the EU evaluates individual applications for asylum. Through the lens of the 2015 Migrant Crisis, this paper highlights the shortcomings of ...


El Desperdicio De Alimentos En La Ue: ¿Un Problema Sin Solución?, Luis González Vaqué 2017 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

El Desperdicio De Alimentos En La Ue: ¿Un Problema Sin Solución?, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

El despilfarro de alimentos es un problema universal que en los últimos años ha adquirido mayor prioridad tanto en la agenda pública como en la agenda política. Los alimentos constituyen un bien preciado y su producción puede requerir el empleo de gran volumen de recursos. Las estimaciones indican que se despilfarra o se pierde aproximadamente un tercio de los alimentos, con el enorme coste económico y medioambiental consiguiente. El Tribunal de Cuentas de la UE ha examinado la función que desempeña la Unió en la lucha contra el despilfarro de alimentos, las medidas adoptadas hasta la fecha y de qué ...


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