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A Comparative Approach To Counter-Terrorism Legislation And Legal Policy, Paul David Hill Jr 2017 Liberty University

A Comparative Approach To Counter-Terrorism Legislation And Legal Policy, Paul David Hill Jr

Senior Honors Theses

Since the 9/11 attacks, American legislation and legal policy in regards to classifying and processing captured terrorists has fallen short of being fully effective and lawful. Trial and error by the Bush and Obama administrations has uncovered two key lessons: (1) captured terrorists are not typical prisoners of war and thus their detainment must involve more legal scrutiny than the latter; and (2) captured terrorists are not ordinary criminals and thus the civilian criminal court system, due to constitutional constraints, is not capable of adequately trying every count of terrorism. Other nations, including France and Israel, approach this problem ...


Hastening Harmonization In European Union Patent Law Through A Preliminary Reference Power, Joseph Kenneth Yarsky 2017 Boston College Law School

Hastening Harmonization In European Union Patent Law Through A Preliminary Reference Power, Joseph Kenneth Yarsky

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

The European Union has struggled for decades to establish a streamlined method of uniform patent protection. Its current solution involves both a European Patent of Unitary Effect and the implementation of the Unified Patent Court to adjudicate patent claims. The current proposal, however, does not eliminate the two other routes to patent protection that currently exist: national patent grants and classical European patents. The existence of three possible routes to patent protection could lead to increased fragmentation in the way patents are interpreted across the European Union. Creating a more unified system entails both ensuring that the substantive patent law ...


Prioritizing National Security At The Expense Of Refugee Rights: The Effects Of H.T. V. Land Baden-Württenberg, Thomas F. Lampert 2017 Boston College Law School

Prioritizing National Security At The Expense Of Refugee Rights: The Effects Of H.T. V. Land Baden-Württenberg, Thomas F. Lampert

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Tensions are high in member states of the European Union as they struggle to accommodate a record number of refugees while simultaneously confronting seemingly regular terrorist attacks. In response to this crisis, the European Court of Justice’s decision in H.T. v. Land Baden-Württenberg continued a trend that began after September 11, 2001, in which countries implement policies that diminish and threaten the rights of refugees. Specifically, the European Court of Justice ruled that legislation governing the distribution of residence permits to refugees impliedly allowed for the revocation of a residence permit from a refugee accused of terrorist activities ...


Unsafe Harbor: The European Union's Demand For Heightened Data Privacy Standards In Schrems V. Irish Data Protection Commissioner, Christina Lam 2017 Boston College Law School

Unsafe Harbor: The European Union's Demand For Heightened Data Privacy Standards In Schrems V. Irish Data Protection Commissioner, Christina Lam

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

In 1995, the European Union adopted the Data Protection Directive to govern the processing, use, and exchange of personal data. The United States refused to enact similar legislation, consequently jeopardizing ongoing and future data transfers with the European Union. To prevent economic catastrophe, the United States negotiated with the European Union to reach the Safe Harbor Agreement and, on July 26, 2000, the European Commission formally recognized the agreement as compliant with the Data Protection Directive in its Safe Harbor Decision. In 2013, U.S. data protection standards were once again placed under the microscope when Edward Snowden leaked information ...


A Human Rights Perspective To Global Battlefield Detention: Time To Reconsider Indefinite Detention, Yuval Shany 2017 Hebrew University of Jerusalem

A Human Rights Perspective To Global Battlefield Detention: Time To Reconsider Indefinite Detention, Yuval Shany

International Law Studies

This article discusses one principal challenge to detention without trial of suspected international terrorists—the international human rights law (IHRL) norm requiring the introduction of an upper limit on the duration of security detention in order to render it not indefinite in length. Part One of this article describes the “hardline” position on security detention, adopted by the United States in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks (followed, with certain variations, by other countries, including the United Kingdom and the State of Israel), according to which international terrorism suspects can be deprived of their liberty without trial ...


Dual Sovereignty In Europe?: A Critique Of Habermas's Defense Of The Nation-State, Vlad F. Perju 2017 Boston College Law School

Dual Sovereignty In Europe?: A Critique Of Habermas's Defense Of The Nation-State, Vlad F. Perju

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Jürgen Habermas’s influential account of the transnationalization of democracy is typically seen as a bold attempt to articulate the political-philosophical foundations of European integration. Habermas posits an identity split between individuals as citizens of their nation states and (the same) individuals as members of the future European Union. According to the dual sovereignty thesis, nation states and the EU are co-original and co-determinate.

I challenge this conception on two grounds. First, split identity is a source of fragmentation that subverts the transnationalization of democracy. It would be irrational for EU citizens to partake in a project that empowers states ...


Annals Of International Studies (Annales D'9tudes Internationales)., Josef Rohlik 2017 St. Louis University

Annals Of International Studies (Annales D'9tudes Internationales)., Josef Rohlik

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


European Economic Community-Community Law-National Economic Measures-In The Economic Sectors Governed By A Common Market Organization, Especially When Such An Organization Rests On A Common Pricing System, The Member States May Not Intervene Unilaterally By Means Of Internal Provisions In The Process Of Price Formation Determined By The Common Organization, Harold L. Hooks Jr 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

European Economic Community-Community Law-National Economic Measures-In The Economic Sectors Governed By A Common Market Organization, Especially When Such An Organization Rests On A Common Pricing System, The Member States May Not Intervene Unilaterally By Means Of Internal Provisions In The Process Of Price Formation Determined By The Common Organization, Harold L. Hooks Jr

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


European Economic Community-Free Movement Of Goods-Legislation Of A Member State, Reserving Certain Wine Appellations For Domestic Products Only, Has An Effect Equivalent To Prohibited Quantitative Restrictions If Such Appellations Do Not Describe Wine Products Which Possess Qualities And Characteristics Attributable To Their Geographic Origin, Julie M. Clifford 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

European Economic Community-Free Movement Of Goods-Legislation Of A Member State, Reserving Certain Wine Appellations For Domestic Products Only, Has An Effect Equivalent To Prohibited Quantitative Restrictions If Such Appellations Do Not Describe Wine Products Which Possess Qualities And Characteristics Attributable To Their Geographic Origin, Julie M. Clifford

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro 2017 Harvard University

Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

Included in the papers for the Conference of Soviet and American Jurists on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment:

Introduction by Milton Katz and Richard R. Baxter, p. 1

Freedom of Scientific Research in the World Ocean by A.F. Vysotsky, p. 7

The International Law of Scientific Research in the Oceans by Richard R. Baxter, p. 27

Responsibility and Liability for Harm to the Marine Environment by Robert E. Stein, p. 41

Liability for Marine Environment Pollution Damage in Contemporary International Sea Law by A. L. Makovsky, p. 59

Protection of the Marine ...


The French Veil Ban: A Transnational Legal Feminist Approach, Sital Kalantry 2017 Cornell University Law School

The French Veil Ban: A Transnational Legal Feminist Approach, Sital Kalantry

University of Baltimore Law Review

After the gruesome terrorist attack that killed eighty-four people in Nice, many beach towns in France began to ban Muslim women from wearing the “burkini” on beaches. The burkini, which was created by an Australian designer, is modest swimwear that covers the body and hair. The Nice attack occurred on the heels of a series of attacks in France. The timing of the French burkini ban suggests it was targeting Muslims due to the anger over the attacks. The argument that burkinis are not hygienic is a fig leaf for other more pernicious justifications. Others argue that religious garb generally ...


The Karadžić Genocide Conviction: Inferences, Intent, And The Necessity To Redefine Genocide, Milena Sterio 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

The Karadžić Genocide Conviction: Inferences, Intent, And The Necessity To Redefine Genocide, Milena Sterio

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Article first discusses and analyzes the Genocide Convention and its strict definition of genocide and the "intent" requirement. It then focuses on the evolution of this definition in light of the recent Karadžić case. This Article demonstrates that in modern-day conflicts, the finding of genocidal intent may be an impossible task for the prosecution and that the ICTY Trial Chamber’s method of inferring intent based on knowledge and other indirect factors may be the only way that prosecutors will be able to obtain future genocide convictions. This Article then discusses a possible re-drafting and re-conceptualizing of the genocide ...


The Italian Enlightenment And The American Revolution: Cesare Beccaria's Forgotten Influence On American Law, John Bessler 2017 University of Baltimore School of Law

The Italian Enlightenment And The American Revolution: Cesare Beccaria's Forgotten Influence On American Law, John Bessler

All Faculty Scholarship

The influence of the Italian Enlightenment—the Illuminismo—on the American Revolution has long been neglected. While historians regularly acknowledge the influence of European thinkers such as William Blackstone, John Locke and Montesquieu, Cesare Beccaria’s contributions to the origins and development of American law have largely been forgotten by twenty-first century Americans. In fact, Beccaria’s book, Dei delitti e delle pene (1764), translated into English as On Crimes and Punishments (1767), significantly shaped the views of American revolutionaries and lawmakers. The first four U.S. Presidents—George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison—were inspired by ...


Human Trafficking And Refugee Law, Vladislava Stoyanova 2016 Lund University

Human Trafficking And Refugee Law, Vladislava Stoyanova

Vladislava Stoyanova

No abstract provided.


Judges Or Hostages? The Bureaucratization Of The Court Of Justice Of The European Union And The European Court Of Human Rights, Mathilde Cohen 2016 University of Connecticut

Judges Or Hostages? The Bureaucratization Of The Court Of Justice Of The European Union And The European Court Of Human Rights, Mathilde Cohen

Mathilde Cohen

Court staff occupy a critical position in the administration of justice around the world. They typically represent a diverse corps of subordinated professionals whom judges delegate responsibilities for multiple aspects of their adjudicative and administrative functions. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) are no strangers to this practice. The size and influence of their non-judicial personnel is striking, raising the question of whether judges have become hostages to the bureaucracy in their own courts. Drawing on the emerging field of the sociology of European institutions, this chapter argues that ...


Occupational Injuries Scheme Not Inconsistent With European Convention On Human Rights - Saumier V France, Mel Cousins 2016 Trinity College Dublin

Occupational Injuries Scheme Not Inconsistent With European Convention On Human Rights - Saumier V France, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

In a recent ruling, the European Court of Human Rights rejected a challenge to the French scheme of benefits for accidents at work and occupational illness (which forms part of the code de la sécurité sociale) and held that the provisions of the law were not inconsistent with Article 14 of the ECHR. The Court was, it is argued, clearly correct as to the outcome and, as is not unusual, clearly wrong as to its approach to the analysis of the legal position.


The European Company, Pieter Sanders 2016 Erasmus University

The European Company, Pieter Sanders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Contents, 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Contents

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


European Community Law And Institutions In Perspective: Text, Cases And Readings, Josef Rohlik 2016 St. Louis University

European Community Law And Institutions In Perspective: Text, Cases And Readings, Josef Rohlik

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


European Communities – Legal Profession – Council Passes Directive Allowing Lawyers To Provide Services Across National Borders (Council Directive, March 22, 1977), David S. Gordon 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

European Communities – Legal Profession – Council Passes Directive Allowing Lawyers To Provide Services Across National Borders (Council Directive, March 22, 1977), David S. Gordon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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