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The Case For An Eu Protagonist Role On Third Party Funding Regulation, Munia El Harti Alonso 2018 Universidad Complutense de Madrid

The Case For An Eu Protagonist Role On Third Party Funding Regulation, Munia El Harti Alonso

Law and Justice in the Americas Working Paper Series

The Lisbon Treaty has enlarged the EU’s competences in external investment policy. The EU could thus increase its protagonist role in third-party funding (TPF) regulation in a manner analogous to its achievements in the investment regime, where the EU managed to rally the member states behind DG Trade’s vision. A treaty-based analysis combined with a political evaluation suggest the EU is expanding its field of competences either when it has a clear mandate or by establishing a modus vivendi as it has been the case with its external relations, particularly at the United Nations. There is therefore a ...


On The (De-)Fragmentation Of Statehood In Europe: Reflections On Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde’S Work On European Integration, Vlad F. Perju 2018 Boston College Law School

On The (De-)Fragmentation Of Statehood In Europe: Reflections On Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde’S Work On European Integration, Vlad F. Perju

Vlad Perju

No abstract provided.


On The (De-)Fragmentation Of Statehood In Europe: Reflections On Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde’S Work On European Integration, Vlad F. Perju 2018 Boston College Law School

On The (De-)Fragmentation Of Statehood In Europe: Reflections On Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde’S Work On European Integration, Vlad F. Perju

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


The Normalization Of Prostitution In Switzerland: The Origin Of Policies, Corinne Isler, Marjut Jyrkinen 2018 University of Helsinki

The Normalization Of Prostitution In Switzerland: The Origin Of Policies, Corinne Isler, Marjut Jyrkinen

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

In this article, we examine how socio-political actors frame prostitution and problems attached to the phenomenon and what types of policies they suggest. The sex trade in Switzerland has been tolerated since 1942, and prostitution is protected under the economic freedom guaranteed by the Swiss constitution. Any critique of prostitution is viewed as counterproductive, claimed to be rooted in old-fashioned ideas about sexuality and thought to worsen the situation for women who sell sex. The role of sex buyers is largely obscured, and the presumed right to buy sex remains unquestioned.


The European Aspects Of Global Financial Developments, Virag Ilona Blazsek 2018 Pepperdine University

The European Aspects Of Global Financial Developments, Virag Ilona Blazsek

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

What is the position of Europe—and specifically the European Union (EU)—on the world map of global finances in 2017? This comment seeks to answer this question by focusing on three key issues. First, it analyzes Europe’s post-2008 bank bailouts, its sector-wide rescue packages, and its consequential sovereign-debt crisis. Second, it considers the role of the international credit rating agencies and asks why Europe does not have a large rating agency of its own. Third, it assesses the EU’s major recent regulatory developments related to the financial sector. There is no doubt that Europe is in a ...


A New Deal For Europe? The Commerce Clause As The Solution To Tax Discrimination And Double Taxation In The European Union, Charles Edward Andrew Lincoln IV 2018 Pepperdine University

A New Deal For Europe? The Commerce Clause As The Solution To Tax Discrimination And Double Taxation In The European Union, Charles Edward Andrew Lincoln Iv

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

No abstract provided.


European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley 2018 University of Miami School of Law

European (Dis)Union: From The 1992 Single Market To Brexit, Caroline Bradley

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Privacy In The Age Of The Hacker: Balancing Global Privacy And Data Security Law, Cunningham, Mckay, McKay Cunningham 2018 Concordia University School of Law

Privacy In The Age Of The Hacker: Balancing Global Privacy And Data Security Law, Cunningham, Mckay, Mckay Cunningham

McKay Cunningham

The twin goals of privacy and data security share a fascinating symbiotic relationship: too much of one undermines the other. The international regulatory climate, embodied principally by the European Union’s 1995 Directive, increasingly promotes privacy. In the last two decades, fifty-three countries enacted national legislation largely patterned after the E.U. Directive. These laws, by and large, protect privacy by restricting data processing and data transfers.

At the same time, hacking, malware, and other cyber-threats continue to grow in frequency and sophistication. In 2010, one security firm recorded 286 million variants of malware and reported that 232.4 million ...


Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin 2018 Winthrop University

Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin

Manuscript Collection

(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)

This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.

Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...


Double Sovereignty In Europe? A Critique Of Habermas's Defense Of The Nation-State, Vlad F. Perju 2018 Boston College Law School

Double Sovereignty In Europe? A Critique Of Habermas's Defense Of The Nation-State, Vlad F. Perju

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Jürgen Habermas’s influential account of the transnationalization of democracy is typically seen as a bold attempt to articulate the political-philosophical foundations of European integration. Habermas posits an identity split between individuals as citizens of their nation states and (the same) individuals as members of the future European Union. According to the dual sovereignty thesis, nation states and the EU are co-original and co-determinate.

I challenge this conception on two grounds. First, split identity is a source of fragmentation that subverts the transnationalization of democracy. It would be irrational for EU citizens to partake in a project that empowers states ...


Sweet Taste With Bitter Roots: Forced Labour And Chowdury And Others V Greece, Vladislava Stoyanova 2017 Lund University

Sweet Taste With Bitter Roots: Forced Labour And Chowdury And Others V Greece, Vladislava Stoyanova

Vladislava Stoyanova


Chowdury and Others v Greece reveals the exploitation that migrant workers suffer at agricultural farms for production of strawberries whose sweet taste many of us enjoy. Greece was found in violation of Article 4 of the ECHR (the right not to be subjected to forced labour and human trafficking) for its failure to protect the migrants from the exploitation and to conduct effective investigation. The judgment will be laurelled as an important achievement in favour of the rights of undocumented migrant workers to fair working conditions. It sheds light on the application of the definition of forced labour to labour ...


Tax In The World Of Antitrust Enforcement: European Commission’S State Aid Investigations Into Eu Member States’ Tax Rulings, Nina Hrushko 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Tax In The World Of Antitrust Enforcement: European Commission’S State Aid Investigations Into Eu Member States’ Tax Rulings, Nina Hrushko

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In August 2016, after a two-year investigation, the European Commission issued a negative State aid ruling against Ireland, finding that the country had provided illegal tax benefits to Apple Inc. and requesting the government to collect €13 billion in retroactive taxes from the company. This decision sparked a heated debate around the globe about the European Commission’s authority to interfere into the individual EU Member States’ fiscal policies and order retroactive tax recoveries. This Note explores the application of EU State aid rules to tax laws and, in particular, EU Member States’ tax rulings, and discusses the European Commission ...


Restructuring Intellectual Property Jurisdictions Post-Brexit: Strategic Considerations For The Eu And Britain, Alexandra George 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Restructuring Intellectual Property Jurisdictions Post-Brexit: Strategic Considerations For The Eu And Britain, Alexandra George

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Britain’s decision to “Brexit” from the European Union has caused great uncertainty and justified concern with respect to intellectual property laws and investments. Post-Brexit arrangements between the European Union and Britain have not yet been determined, and it is unclear whether these will be settled with respect to intellectual property law before Brexit is due to take effect in 2019. With intellectual property intensive industries accounting for 88 percent of EU imports and 90 percent of EU exports, British-EU intellectual property arrangements are the subject of intense interest worldwide as intellectual property owners and users speculate as to the ...


The Scrivener’S Secrets Seen Through The Spyglass: Gchq And The International Right To Journalistic Expression, Matthew B. Hurowitz 2017 Brooklyn Law School

The Scrivener’S Secrets Seen Through The Spyglass: Gchq And The International Right To Journalistic Expression, Matthew B. Hurowitz

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

As part of the U.K.’s electronic surveillance program, the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), started in 1909 to combat German Spies, now collects metadata from both foreigners and its own citizens. Through the express statutory authority of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act of 2000 (RIPA), and a loophole in section 94 of the Telecommunications Act of 1984, the GCHQ collects metadata, which is all of the information that is extrinsic to the actual contents of a communication. The GCHQ can request an authorization from a public authority—a member of its own staff—to collect traffic data, service ...


Slipping Through The Cracks: How Digital Music Streaming Cuts Corners On Artists’ Royalty Revenues Globally, Frances Lewis 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Slipping Through The Cracks: How Digital Music Streaming Cuts Corners On Artists’ Royalty Revenues Globally, Frances Lewis

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

At a time when the digital distribution of music is dominating the music industry, there are more music consumers than ever. This makes it vitally important for performing artists to receive the credit they are due. An inherent problem in music’s digital distribution market is that music streaming companies often fail to acquire proper licenses to expand their music libraries faster than their competitors. Performing artists who may not have the same income stream as their A-list counterparts often cannot bear the cost of litigation to pursue uncredited royalties. The U.S. class action model provides performing artists with ...


What About Small Businesses? The Gdpr And Its Consequences For Small U.S.-Based Companies, Craig McAllister 2017 Brooklyn Law School

What About Small Businesses? The Gdpr And Its Consequences For Small U.S.-Based Companies, Craig Mcallister

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

Fast-approaching changes to European data privacy law will have consequences around the globe. Historically, despite having dramatically different approaches to data privacy and data protection, the European Union and the United States developed a framework to ensure that the highspeed freeway that is transatlantic data transfer moved uninterrupted. That framework was overturned in the wake of revelations regarding U.S. surveillance practices, and amidst skepticism that the United States did not adequately protect personal data. Further, the European Union enacted the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a sweeping overhaul of the legal data protection landscape that will take effect in ...


Slave To The Algorithm? Why A 'Right To An Explanation' Is Probably Not The Remedy You Are Looking For, Lilian Edwards, Michael Veale 2017 Duke Law

Slave To The Algorithm? Why A 'Right To An Explanation' Is Probably Not The Remedy You Are Looking For, Lilian Edwards, Michael Veale

Duke Law & Technology Review

Algorithms, particularly machine learning (ML) algorithms, are increasingly important to individuals’ lives, but have caused a range of concerns revolving mainly around unfairness, discrimination and opacity. Transparency in the form of a “right to an explanation” has emerged as a compellingly attractive remedy since it intuitively promises to open the algorithmic “black box” to promote challenge, redress, and hopefully heightened accountability. Amidst the general furore over algorithmic bias we describe, any remedy in a storm has looked attractive. However, we argue that a right to an explanation in the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is unlikely to present a ...


Update: International Human Rights, James Hart Mr. 2017 University of Cincinnati - Main Campus

Update: International Human Rights, James Hart Mr.

Law Librarian Articles and Other Publications

This guide explains the procedures of the major international human rights systems because it is procedures that create the need to record or communicate. In other words, documents emanate from critical junctures in a process. The guide does not cover the content of the human rights themselves. Nor does it explicate the websites that hold the documents, but it will give you the information you will need to understand them. The guide will, however, give you URLs. With the information in the guide, you will be able to navigate your way through the websites without detailed directions. The first part ...


Brexit And The Wto: What Happens Next, Andrea Xu 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Brexit And The Wto: What Happens Next, Andrea Xu

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

In the summer of 2016, the United Kingdom (the “UK”) announced its decision to leave the European Union (the “EU”). This decision, more commonly known as “Brexit,” subsequently stirred British politics, which included Theresa May replacing David Cameron as Prime Minister. Brexit created a unique situation in European and global politics, and instigated a discussion among politicians, academics, economists, and the likes about how the UK will leave the EU and Brexit’s implications in the UK, Europe, and the world as a whole.

This Note analyzes one specific aspect of Brexit: the administrative procedures the UK must undergo to ...


The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black 2017 Seattle University School of Law

The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black

Seattle University Law Review

Intellectual property law is territorial in nature. That is why intellectual property assets have always been favorites among international tax planners. Rapid appreciation, even faster transfer times, and a somewhat vague standard for appraisal and valuation make for an interesting field of play. Transfer the assets to a low tax jurisdiction before the appreciation begins, and you find yourself with a large income stream that is taxed at a low rate. Miss the beat, and you have a large tax hit. For these reasons, many nations have followed the lead of Ireland in providing for so-called “patent box” schemes. These ...


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