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Nonmoral Theoretical Disagreement In Law, Alani Golanski 2016 Weitz & Luxenberg, P.C.

Nonmoral Theoretical Disagreement In Law, Alani Golanski

Alani Golanski

The central issue in the philosophy of law has been whether law’s content and validity rest on moral criteria. Scholars have viewed theoretical disagreements in law as the indicia of moral dispute. Both sides of the debate – those favoring and those opposing the view that moral justification may or does supply the criteria by which a rule or principle counts as "legal" – have accepted the notion that, if there is widespread theoretical disagreement in law, this would be compelling evidence of law’s incorporation of moral standards. Thus, theoretical disagreement poses a powerful challenge to the "positivist" approach, which ...


From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, yehezkel Margalit 2016 SelectedWorks

From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...


Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, yehezkel Margalit 2016 SelectedWorks

Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...


Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, Brian Christopher Jones 2015 Academia Sinica

Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, Brian Christopher Jones

Brian Christopher Jones

Although contemporary societies covet the notion of a written constitution, the UK still stands as one of the few jurisdictions not in possession such a single document. Yet recently there has been renewed discussion regarding whether the UK should draft its own constitution (or at least entrench some form of constitutional law). A recent House of Commons committee report thoroughly analysed this prospect, and many scholars and practitioners consider such a result inevitable. This piece argues that such a document should not be drafted, but if it is, it should surely not be called a "Constitution".

Difficulties arise because over ...


Class Actions And The Counterrevolution Against Federal Litigation, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Class Actions And The Counterrevolution Against Federal Litigation, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship

In this article we situate consideration of class actions in a framework, and fortify it with data, that we have developed as part of a larger project, the goal of which is to assess the counterrevolution against private enforcement of federal law from an institutional perspective. In a series of articles emerging from the project, we have documented how the Executive, Congress and the Supreme Court (wielding both judicial power under Article III of the Constitution and delegated legislative power under the Rules Enabling Act) fared in efforts to reverse or dull the effects of statutory and other incentives for ...


Ferguson, The Rebellious Law Professor, And The Neoliberal University, Harold A. McDougall III 2015 Howard University School of law

Ferguson, The Rebellious Law Professor, And The Neoliberal University, Harold A. Mcdougall Iii

School of Law Faculty Publications

Neoliberalism, a business-oriented ideology promoting corporatism, profit-seeking, and elite management, has found its way into the modern American university. As neoliberal ideology envelops university campuses, the idea of law professors as learned academicians and advisors to students as citizens in training, has given way to the concept of professors as brokers of marketable skills with students as consumers. In a legal setting, this concept pushes law students to view their education not as a means to contribute to society and the professional field, but rather as a means to make money. These developments are especially problematic for minority students and ...


What Should Restatement (Fourth) Say About Treaty Interpretation?, Jean Galbraith 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

What Should Restatement (Fourth) Say About Treaty Interpretation?, Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship

Restatement (Second) and Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law took notably different approaches to treaty interpretation, reflecting intervening changes in the legal landscape. This symposium contribution identifies five developments in international and domestic law since Restatement (Third). It then considers their import for the forthcoming Restatement (Fourth). Most importantly, it argues that Restatement (Fourth) should fully incorporate two articles on treaty interpretation from the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties into its black-letter provisions. Since the time of Restatement (Third), these articles have become central to international practice on treaty interpretation, and the principles they set forth are broadly ...


Secession: The Contradicting Provisions Of The United Nations Charter – A Direct Threat To The Current World Order, N. Micheli Quadros 2015 Loyola Law School - Los Angeles

Secession: The Contradicting Provisions Of The United Nations Charter – A Direct Threat To The Current World Order, N. Micheli Quadros

N. Micheli Quadros

The preamble of the United Nations' Charter (hereinafter UN Charter) presents its members declaration under which justice and respect for international law and the international community is supposed to be maintained. To date, the United Nations (UN) has failed to ensure international peace by allowing powerful states to infringe upon other nations’ territorial integrity and manipulate individuals to exercise their right of self-determination.

Outdated, redundant and vague provisions that proved their inefficiency have plagued the UN Charter. Chapter I, Art 1 § 2 of the UN Charter, states that one of the main purpose of the UN is “to develop friendly ...


Natural Disasters, Nuclear Disasters, And Global Governance, Eric Feldman, Chelsea Fish 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Natural Disasters, Nuclear Disasters, And Global Governance, Eric Feldman, Chelsea Fish

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter uses the analytical framework of transnational legal ordering (TLO) developed by Halliday and Shaffer and applies it to the area of law and disasters. In contrast to the increasingly transnational legal nature of social ordering highlighted by Halliday and Shaffer, it argues that the emergence of transnational regulatory networks and cross-border principles or policies in the area of disaster management has been uneven and incomplete. Although there are many factors that help to explain why the law/disasters area has resisted the trend toward “transnationalization,” two stand out. One is the relative dearth of national laws and policies ...


The Relationship Between Self-Determination And Client Outcomes Among The Homeless, Samuel M. Hanna 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

The Relationship Between Self-Determination And Client Outcomes Among The Homeless, Samuel M. Hanna

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This paper has attempted to determine if there is a significant relationship between self-determination and client outcomes among the homeless. The study has been based upon the conceptual framework set forth in Self-Determination Theory. The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between self-determination and client outcomes among the homeless. Using a data collection instrument, based on empirically validated instrumentation, clients from several homeless service providers in the City of San Bernardino were assessed for the level of self-determination and autonomy support they experience within these agencies. Outcome measures included such things as whether the client was going ...


Introduction: The Burden Of Modern Democracy, Samuel Issacharoff 2015 NYU School of Law

Introduction: The Burden Of Modern Democracy, Samuel Issacharoff

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Twenty five years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the democratic ascendency of the post-Soviet era is under severe challenge. While fragile democracies in Eastern Europe, Africa, and East Asia face renewed threats, the world has witnessed the failed democratic promises of the Arab Spring. What lessons can be drawn from these struggles? What conditions or institutions are needed to prevent the collapse of democracy?

Embattled democracy is the subject matter of a new book, Fragile Democracies: Contested Power in the Era of Constitutional Courts. This book argues that the most distinctive antidote to authoritarianism in the post-1989 period ...


A Third Theory Of Paternalism, Nicolas Cornell 2015 University of Pennsylvania

A Third Theory Of Paternalism, Nicolas Cornell

Michigan Law Review

This Article examines the normative significance of paternalism. That an action, a law, or a policy is paternalistic generally counts against it. This Article considers three reasons why this might be so—that is, three theories about what gives paternalism its normative character. This Article’s claim is that the two most common explanations for paternalism’s negative character are mistaken. The first view, which underlies the recent work by Professors Thaler and Sunstein, maintains that paternalism is negatively charged because it involves coercive interference with people’s choices. This approach proves inadequate, however, because more coercive actions can be ...


Death Squads And Death Lists: Targeted Killing And The Character Of The State, Jeremy Waldron 2015 NYU School of Law

Death Squads And Death Lists: Targeted Killing And The Character Of The State, Jeremy Waldron

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The intention of this paper is to urge critical reflection upon current US practices of targeted killing by considering not just whether acts of targeted killing can be legally justified but also what sort of state we are turning into when we organize the use of lethal force in this way -- maintaining a list of named enemies of the state who are to be eliminated in this way. My paper uses the unpleasant terminology of "death lists" and "death squads" to jolt us into this reflection. Of course, there are differences between the activities of death squads in (say) El ...


Trade Promotional Authority: Evaluating The Necessity Of Congressional Oversight And Accountability, Margaret M. Kim 2015 American University Washington College of Law

Trade Promotional Authority: Evaluating The Necessity Of Congressional Oversight And Accountability, Margaret M. Kim

Margaret M. Kim

On April 16, 2015, legislation to reauthorize Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) was introduced as the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (TPA-2015 or the Legislation) in the House and the Senate. TPA, formerly known as the fast-track authority, refers to “[the] authority of the U.S. president to negotiate international agreements that Congress can approve or disapprove, but not amend or filibuster.” TPA was last renewed under the Trade Act of 2002 during the George W. Bush Administration. Until it expired on July 1, 2007, eleven Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) were implemented under the supervision of President ...


A Framework For Understanding Property Regulation And Land Use Control From A Dynamic Perspective, Donald J. Kochan 2015 Chapman University Dale E. Fowler School of Law

A Framework For Understanding Property Regulation And Land Use Control From A Dynamic Perspective, Donald J. Kochan

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

Our land use control system operates across a variety of multidimensional and dynamic categories. Learning to navigate within and between these categories requires an appreciation for their interconnected, dynamic, and textured components and an awareness of alternative mechanisms for achieving one’s land use control preferences and one’s desired ends. Whether seeking to minimize controls as a property owner or attempting to place controls on the land uses of another, one should take time to understand the full ecology of the system. This Article looks at four broad categories of control: (1) no controls, or the state of nature ...


Looking Beyond The Negative-Positive Rights Distinction: Analyzing Constitutional Rights According To Their Nature, Effect And Reach, Jorge Farinacci-Fernós 2015 Georgetown University

Looking Beyond The Negative-Positive Rights Distinction: Analyzing Constitutional Rights According To Their Nature, Effect And Reach, Jorge Farinacci-Fernós

Jorge Farinacci-Fernós

In this brief Article, I wish to challenge and transcend the narrow dichotomy of political-rights-as-negative-rights versus socio-economic-rights-as-positive-rights, and analyze the different variables applicable to constitutional rights, taking into account several interacting features. First, the nature of a right, that is, whether it is civil and political or socio-economic. Second, the effect of a right, that is, whether it is negative rights that protect the titleholder against the actions of others or positive rights that entitle its titleholder to require others to act. Third, the reach of a right, that is, whether it is vertical rights opposable to the state or ...


Before There Were Mouseholes: Resurrecting The Non-Delegation Doctrine, Joel Hood 2015 SelectedWorks

Before There Were Mouseholes: Resurrecting The Non-Delegation Doctrine, Joel Hood

Joel Hood

Most people are unaware that James Madison original drafted 17 amendments for the Bill of Rights. Even fewer know that the 16th was an express non-delegation amendment meant to protect the American people:

The powers delegated by the Constitution to the government of the United States, shall be exercised as therein appropriated, so that the Legislative shall never exercise the powers vested in the Executive or Judicial; not the Executive the powers vested in the Legislative or Judicial; nor the Judicial the powers vested in the Legislative or Executive.

There are now over five-hundred federal agencies and departments. Some are ...


Access To National Security Information Under The U.S. Freedom Of Information Act, Stephen J. Schulhofer 2015 NYU School of Law

Access To National Security Information Under The U.S. Freedom Of Information Act, Stephen J. Schulhofer

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Nations throughout the world permit executive officials to maintain secrecy in matters touching “national security.” And secrecy’s potential for eroding democratic values is growing as conceptions of national security expand. The U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) offers tools to resist that trend. The present paper, prepared for an International Symposium on “Freedom of Information and Governmental Transparency,” examines FOIA practice in national-security cases. Although U.S. courts do not always pursue their FOIA responsibilities aggressively, they frequently succeed in forcing the release of significant, previously classified material. An active judicial check on national security secrecy therefore is ...


Prosecuting Beyond The Rule Of Law: Corporate Mandates Imposed Through Pretrial Diversion Agreements, Jennifer Arlen 2015 NYU School of Law

Prosecuting Beyond The Rule Of Law: Corporate Mandates Imposed Through Pretrial Diversion Agreements, Jennifer Arlen

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

U.S. corporate criminal enforcement policy encourages prosecutors to substitute pretrial diversion agreements (PDAs) for formal conviction and allows them to use PDAs to impose corporate reform mandates on firms, often without ex ante guidance or ex post review from the DOJ. This article finds that the discretion that prosecutors currently enjoy to use PDAs to impose corporate mandates violates the rule of law. The rule of law requires that government actors exercise their power over others for the public’s good; they should not be free to serve personal aims or exercise authority to achieve personal conceptions of the ...


Deadlines As Behavior In Diplomacy And International Law, Jean Galbraith 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Deadlines As Behavior In Diplomacy And International Law, Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship

Like most other types of human activity, international legal practice relies heavily on deadlines. Yet deadlines have received very little attention in international legal scholarship. This is the case even though deadlines are heavily studied in other contexts, with research finding that people tend to set and respond to deadlines in ways consistent with bounded rather than perfect rationality. This book chapter takes up the topic of deadlines in international legal practice and makes four contributions. First, using the Chemical Weapons Convention as a case study, it explores various ways in which deadlines are used in international legal practice and ...


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