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Disaggregating Corpus Christi: The Illiberal Implications Of Hobby Lobby's Right To Free Exercise, Katharine Jackson 2016 Columbia University

Disaggregating Corpus Christi: The Illiberal Implications Of Hobby Lobby's Right To Free Exercise, Katharine Jackson

Katharine Jackson

This paper first examines and critiques the group rights to religious exercise derived from the three ontologies of the corporation suggested by different legal conceptions of corporate personhood often invoked by Courts. Finding the implicated groups rights inimical to individual religious freedom, the paper then presents an argument as to why a discourse of intra-corporate toleration and voluntariness does a better job at protecting religious liberty.


Jurisprudence Between Science And The Humanities, Dan Priel 2016 York University

Jurisprudence Between Science And The Humanities, Dan Priel

Dan Priel

For a long time philosophy has been unique among the humanities for seeking closer alliance with the sciences. In this Article I examine the place of science in relation to legal positivism. I argue that, historically, legal positivism has been advanced by theorists who were also positivists in the sense the term is used in the philosophy of social science: they were committed to the idea that the explanation of social phenomena should be conducted using similar methods to those used in the natural sciences. I then argue that since around 1960 jurisprudence, and legal positivism in particular, has undergone ...


Searching For Our Fiscal Soul, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

Searching For Our Fiscal Soul, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This is an extended version of a presentation made at TEDx Livermore 2016, the theme of which was the Economics of Empathy. Searching for Our Fiscal Soul argues that democracy is an exercise in empathy towards fellow citizens we do not know, and, if we did, might not like. We express that empathy through government spending, because that is how we actualize values that are important enough that we are willing to pay for them. This is our fiscal soul in action. Whether measured against the values we all routinely recite, or against the social environments achieved by peer countries ...


It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. McCaffery 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Globalization, trade and other free market policies increase wealth. But the gains from trade are not being evenly spread among all citizens. People and politicians rage against foreigners. But it is the United States tax system, not trade, that ought to change, and wealthy Americans, not workers world-wide, who should be sharing the wealth. A nd it is the form of tax, not just its rate structure, that must reform, so that capital at last bears a meaningful share of the burden.


The Trojan Horse Of Corporate Integration, Edward D. Kleinbard 2016 University of Southern California

The Trojan Horse Of Corporate Integration, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The U.S. Senate Finance Committee has invested significant resources, including hearings and staff reports, to make the case for an unusual form of corporate dividend integration – a corporate dividends-paid deduction, combined with a universal shareholder dividend withholding tax collected from the firm. This proposal would not reduce the cash tax outlays of U.S. corporations in respect of distributed or retained earnings. It would not reduce the aggregate tax burdens imposed on most shareholders, and in many plausible circumstances would raise those tax costs. It is a poorly targeted response to design weaknesses in the U.S. international corporate ...


Uncle Sam Is Watching You: A Recommendation For Minnesota Legislation Regarding Police Drone Use, Joe R. Paquette 2016 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Uncle Sam Is Watching You: A Recommendation For Minnesota Legislation Regarding Police Drone Use, Joe R. Paquette

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Alcance Y Límites Del Principio De Proporcionalidad, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba 2016 Universidad de los Hemisferios

Alcance Y Límites Del Principio De Proporcionalidad, Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

Juan Carlos Riofrío Martínez-Villalba

RESUMEN: El presente trabajo analiza el alcance y los límites del principio de proporcionalidad en el derecho comparado, desde una perspectiva abstracta-metafísica y con una metodología inductiva. Debido a que su extensa aplicación en la práctica no siempre ha sido muy correcta, la investigación procura definir cuál es el sentido original del principio y cuáles son sus límites. Se pasan revista a tres clases de límites, en su orden: 1. los presupuestos de aplicación del principio (llamados límites a priori), sin los cuales sería irracional aplicarlo; 2. los límites del funcionamiento del principio que, o bien son límites internos imputables ...


The Device Of Fiction In Public International Law, Jean J. A. Salmon 2016 Université de Bruxelles

The Device Of Fiction In Public International Law, Jean J. A. Salmon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Actions Speak Louder Than Images: The Use Of Neuroscientific Evidence In Criminal Cases, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship

This invited commentary for Journal of Law & the Biosciences considers four empirical studies previously published in the journal of the reception of neuroscientific evidence in criminal cases in the United States, Canada, England and Wales, and the Netherlands. There are conceded methodological problems with all, but the data are nonetheless instructive and suggestive. The thesis of the comment is that the courts are committing the same errors that have bedeviled the reception of psychiatric and psychological evidence. There is insufficient caution about the state of the science, and more importantly, there is insufficient understanding of the relevance of the neuroscientific ...


Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy 2016 NYU School of Law

Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In the Conclusion to Capital in the Twenty-First Century Thomas Piketty issues a call for a political and historical economics. Like Marx and the political economists before him, Piketty is interested in how markets work because he is interested in the rights and wrongs of institutional, especially legal, design. His is book is guided by a clear sense that economic inequality, especially inequality of wealth, raises serious prima facie problems of social justice. This essay is a critical investigation into the political morality underlying Capital in the Twenty-First Century that unravels and evaluates the different ways in which economic inequality ...


The Mapmaker's Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro 2016 NYU School of Law

The Mapmaker's Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

The last thirty years have witnessed rising income and wealth concentration among the top 0.1 percent of the population, leading to intense political debate regarding how, if at all, policymakers should respond. Often, this debate emphasizes the tools of public economics, and in particular optimal income taxation. However, while these tools can help us in evaluating the issues raised by high-end inequality, their extreme reductionism – which, in other settings, often offers significant analytic payoffs – here proves to have serious drawbacks. This paper addresses what we do and don’t learn from the optimal income tax literature regarding high-end inequality ...


Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy 2016 NYU School of Law

Why Does Inequality Matter? Reflections On The Political Morality Of Piketty's Capital In The Twenty-First Century, Liam B. Murphy

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

In the Conclusion to Capital in the Twenty-First Century Thomas Piketty issues a call for a political and historical economics. Like Marx and the political economists before him, Piketty is interested in how markets work because he is interested in the rights and wrongs of institutional, especially legal, design. His is book is guided by a clear sense that economic inequality, especially inequality of wealth, raises serious prima facie problems of social justice. This essay is a critical investigation into the political morality underlying Capital in the Twenty-First Century that unravels and evaluates the different ways in which economic inequality ...


The Mapmaker's Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro 2016 NYU School of Law

The Mapmaker's Dilemma In Evaluating High-End Inequality, Daniel Shaviro

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The last thirty years have witnessed rising income and wealth concentration among the top 0.1 percent of the population, leading to intense political debate regarding how, if at all, policymakers should respond. Often, this debate emphasizes the tools of public economics, and in particular optimal income taxation. However, while these tools can help us in evaluating the issues raised by high-end inequality, their extreme reductionism – which, in other settings, often offers significant analytic payoffs – here proves to have serious drawbacks. This paper addresses what we do and don’t learn from the optimal income tax literature regarding high-end inequality ...


Operational Autonomy And Public Accountability In Statutory Corporations: A Case Study Of Ghana’S Development Experience And A Blueprint For Reform, E. A. Botchwey 2016 University of Zambia

Operational Autonomy And Public Accountability In Statutory Corporations: A Case Study Of Ghana’S Development Experience And A Blueprint For Reform, E. A. Botchwey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Some Structural Dilemmas Of World Organization, C. Wilfred Jenks 2016 International Labor Organization

Some Structural Dilemmas Of World Organization, C. Wilfred Jenks

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


States Vs. Fda, Catherine M. Sharkey 2016 NYU School of Law

States Vs. Fda, Catherine M. Sharkey

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

In the United States, food and drug safety is regulated in two ways: a stringent ex ante, national regime led by the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and a robust ex post system of state-law enforcement. This federalist structure, operating on dual regulatory levels, sets the stage for synergy and for conflict.

Two recent high-profile preemption lawsuits showcase a novel dimension of the dual regulatory structure: the role of states as competing and/or complementary actors vis-à-vis the FDA in regulating food and drug safety. In Zogenix, Inc. v. Patrick, a federal district court enjoined the Massachusetts government from enacting ...


States Vs. Fda, Catherine M. Sharkey 2016 NYU School of Law

States Vs. Fda, Catherine M. Sharkey

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In the United States, food and drug safety is regulated in two ways: a stringent ex ante, national regime led by the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and a robust ex post system of state-law enforcement. This federalist structure, operating on dual regulatory levels, sets the stage for synergy and for conflict.

Two recent high-profile preemption lawsuits showcase a novel dimension of the dual regulatory structure: the role of states as competing and/or complementary actors vis-à-vis the FDA in regulating food and drug safety. In Zogenix, Inc. v. Patrick, a federal district court enjoined the Massachusetts government from enacting ...


The Teaching Of International Law, Myres S. McDougal 2016 Yale Law School

The Teaching Of International Law, Myres S. Mcdougal

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Place Of Policy In International Law, Richard A. Falk 2016 Princeton University

The Place Of Policy In International Law, Richard A. Falk

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Place Of Policy In International Law, D. H. N. Johnson 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The Place Of Policy In International Law, D. H. N. Johnson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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