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Split Chords: Addressing The Federal Circuit Split In Music Sampling Copyright Infringement Cases, Erik J. Badia 2017 Selected Works

Split Chords: Addressing The Federal Circuit Split In Music Sampling Copyright Infringement Cases, Erik J. Badia

Erik Badia

This Note offers a comprehensive analysis of the current circuit split regarding how the de minimis doctrine applies to music sampling in copyright infringement cases. Since the Sixth Circuit's 2005 landmark decision in Bridgeport Music Inc. v. Dimension Films, critics, scholars and even judges have dissected the opinion and its bright line rule of “get a license or do not sample.” In May 2016, the Ninth Circuit issued its opinion in VMG Salsoul v. Ciccione. The Ninth Circuit explicitly declined to follow Bridgeport, holding that analyzing a music sampling copyright infringement case requires a substantial similarity analysis, including applying ...


Who Got Away With Murder? An Analysis And Discussion About The Death Of Sam Keating In Season 1 Of Abc’S “How To Get Away With Murder”, Katelyn Squicciarini 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Who Got Away With Murder? An Analysis And Discussion About The Death Of Sam Keating In Season 1 Of Abc’S “How To Get Away With Murder”, Katelyn Squicciarini

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This article will address the individuals present in the home and the events surrounding the death of Sam Keating to see if anyone actually got away with murder. The remainder of the article will outline the details surrounding Sam’s death and will address the Felony Murder Rule and accomplice liability. The point of this article is not to make determinative decisions of how a court would rule. Rather, this will address the characters in question based on relevant case law and the Pennsylvania Code of Crimes. The individuals and potential charges would be subject to prosecutorial discretion and reasonable ...


The Need For Strict Morality Clauses In Endorsement Contracts, Caysee Kamenetsky 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

The Need For Strict Morality Clauses In Endorsement Contracts, Caysee Kamenetsky

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

The increasing significance of morality clauses seems to directly correlate with the increase of social media platforms and avenues to live-stream events, including but not limited to Facebook, Snapchat, Instagram, and Twitter. News of an athlete’s behavior can go viral in a matter of seconds. This leads company brands to seek broader terms in their morality clauses to allow them to disassociate themselves from the athlete. However, this is not always fair to the athlete, who might not have any idea that their personal-life choices could lead to the end of an endorsement contract.


How Organizing Collegiate Student-Athletes Under The National Labor Relations Act With The Ncaa As A Joint Employer Can Lead To Significant Changes To The Student-Athlete Compensation Rules, Andrew Gruna 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

How Organizing Collegiate Student-Athletes Under The National Labor Relations Act With The Ncaa As A Joint Employer Can Lead To Significant Changes To The Student-Athlete Compensation Rules, Andrew Gruna

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This paper will provide an overview of how National Labor Relations Board cases of Northwestern University and Browning Ferris combined with the analysis presented in the National Labor Relations Board General Counsel Memorandum GC 17-01: General Counsel’s Report on the Statutory Rights of University Faculty and Students in the Unfair Labor Practice Context could impact the laws behind unionization, the contracts of university athletes, and, ultimately through contract negotiations, reintroduce the discussion regarding compensation of student-athletes.


Gamblization: The Rise Of Sports Gambling And The Need To Repeal Paspa, Alex Lowell 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Gamblization: The Rise Of Sports Gambling And The Need To Repeal Paspa, Alex Lowell

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

The National Gambling Impact Study Commission, in its final report to Congress, estimated American’s bet as much as $380 billion per year on sports, making it by far the largest form of illegal wagering, and that report was released in 1999. With the growth of the Internet and technology, there is no doubt that these staggering figures are far larger today. Based on the current structure, 99% of sports gambling continue to operate untaxed and unregulated in defiance of state and federal law. The time has come for the United States to repeal the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection ...


Nba-Age Restrictions: Should The Nba Follow In The Footsteps Of Major League Baseball?, Bryan Kelly 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Nba-Age Restrictions: Should The Nba Follow In The Footsteps Of Major League Baseball?, Bryan Kelly

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This paper will discuss the outlook of current NBA prospects and the development of age restrictions. It will also shed light on several key cases and Collective Bargaining Agreements including: Wood v. National Basketball Association, and Denver Rockets v. All Pro Management, Inc. and the NBA CBA. After that, an analysis of Sherman Antitrust Law and current case law concerning age restrictions in sports, and analyze the possibility for age-restrictions to be argued through the court system. Finally, this paper will look into the NBPA’s duty of representation towards NBA prospects and how the NBPA can take ideas from ...


Ufc Fighters Are Taking A Beating Because They Are Misclassified As Independent Contractors. An Employee Classification Would Change The Fight Game For The Ufc, Its Fighters, And Mma, Vincent Salminen 2017 Pace University

Ufc Fighters Are Taking A Beating Because They Are Misclassified As Independent Contractors. An Employee Classification Would Change The Fight Game For The Ufc, Its Fighters, And Mma, Vincent Salminen

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

The current state of affairs in the sport of mixed martial arts (MMA) is overwhelmingly in favor of the companies promoting the fights and not in favor of the athletes actually putting their health and lives at risk. This article looks at the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) and how it classifies its fighters as independent contractors rather than employees, even though it treats the fighters more like employees. This article addresses issues fighters are having with the current classification and then examines how the fighters could be classified as employees. Finally, the article will address what an employee classification would ...


Split Chords: Addressing The Federal Circuit Split In Music Sampling Copyright Infringement Cases, Erik J. Badia 2017 Pace University

Split Chords: Addressing The Federal Circuit Split In Music Sampling Copyright Infringement Cases, Erik J. Badia

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This Note offers a comprehensive analysis of the current circuit split regarding how the de minimis doctrine applies to music sampling in copyright infringement cases. Since the Sixth Circuit's 2005 landmark decision in Bridgeport Music Inc. v. Dimension Films, critics, scholars and even judges have dissected the opinion and its bright line rule of “get a license or do not sample.” In May 2016, the Ninth Circuit issued its opinion in VMG Salsoul v. Ciccione. The Ninth Circuit explicitly declined to follow Bridgeport, holding that analyzing a music sampling copyright infringement case requires a substantial similarity analysis, including applying ...


Expanding The Sports Broadcasting Act Of 1961 To College Athletics, Kelsey Pincket 2017 Pace University

Expanding The Sports Broadcasting Act Of 1961 To College Athletics, Kelsey Pincket

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This Note will begin by exploring the history and evolution of antitrust law surrounding sport including the limited application of the Sports Broadcasting Act. An introduction of the Sports Broadcasting Act and a discussion of the portions of the act that are in need of more inclusive language will follow. This Note will then examine the current competitive imbalance in collegiate athletics and emphasize the Supreme Court’s recognition as to the importance of maintaining competitiveness in the NCAA. Finally, the expansion of Sports Broadcasting Act through explicit regulation to immunize the NCAA, as one league with a single unity ...


Wrigley Field, The Trademark, Benjamin J. Welch 2017 Hicks, Casey & Morton

Wrigley Field, The Trademark, Benjamin J. Welch

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

This paper is about the theory of applying the law of trade dress and all the protections that come with it to stadiums, specifically to Wrigley Field, home of Major League Baseball’s Chicago Cubs. Trade dress is the version of trademark reserved for the packaging, design, or color of products. If the packaging, design, or color possesses the ability to identify the source or creator of the product, then it can create a possessory interest in the product’s creator for that style of packaging, design of the product, or color used. This possessory interest is used to protect ...


Sony, Cyber Security, And Free Speech: Preserving The First Amendment In The Modern World, Conrad Wilton 2017 Fox Rothschild LLP

Sony, Cyber Security, And Free Speech: Preserving The First Amendment In The Modern World, Conrad Wilton

Pace Intellectual Property, Sports & Entertainment Law Forum

Reprinted from 16 U.C. Davis Bus. L.J. 309 (2016). This paper explores the Sony hack in 2014 allegedly launched by the North Korean government in retaliation over Sony’s production of The Interview and considers the hack’s chilling impact on speech in technology. One of the most devastating cyber attacks in history, the hack exposed approximately thirty- eight million files of sensitive data, including over 170,000 employee emails, thousands of employee social security numbers and unreleased footage of upcoming movies. The hack caused Sony to censor the film and prompted members of the entertainment industry at ...


Not Throwing In The Towel: Challenging Exclusive Interscholastic Transgender Athletic Policies Under Title Ix, Thomas R. Smith 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Not Throwing In The Towel: Challenging Exclusive Interscholastic Transgender Athletic Policies Under Title Ix, Thomas R. Smith

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


A New Player Has Entered The Game: Immigration Reform For Esports Players, Bridget A.J. Whan Tong 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

A New Player Has Entered The Game: Immigration Reform For Esports Players, Bridget A.J. Whan Tong

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Draft Protection Insurance: Elite Athlete Loss-Of-Value Policies And The Emerging Wave Of Coverage Litigation, Daniel J. Kain, C. Scott Toomey, Robert L. Joyce 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Draft Protection Insurance: Elite Athlete Loss-Of-Value Policies And The Emerging Wave Of Coverage Litigation, Daniel J. Kain, C. Scott Toomey, Robert L. Joyce

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Sports, Media & Millennials: Evolving Landscape Of Consumer Demand, Andrew Brandt, Mark Jackson, Oliver Luck, Mike Nardi 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Sports, Media & Millennials: Evolving Landscape Of Consumer Demand, Andrew Brandt, Mark Jackson, Oliver Luck, Mike Nardi

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Class Is In Session: Putative Class Action Could Forever Alter The "Grant-In-Aid" Compensation Of College Athletes, Michael D. Ford 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Class Is In Session: Putative Class Action Could Forever Alter The "Grant-In-Aid" Compensation Of College Athletes, Michael D. Ford

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Legality Of Daily Fantasy Is In Gamble In Some States: A Closer Look At New York And Delaware's Response To This New(Ish) Trend, Roni Mathew 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Legality Of Daily Fantasy Is In Gamble In Some States: A Closer Look At New York And Delaware's Response To This New(Ish) Trend, Roni Mathew

Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Seeking Rights, Not Rent: How Litigation Finance Can Help Break Music Copyright's Precedent Gridlock, Glenn E. Chappell 2017 Duke Law

Seeking Rights, Not Rent: How Litigation Finance Can Help Break Music Copyright's Precedent Gridlock, Glenn E. Chappell

Duke Law & Technology Review

Since its inception, litigation finance has steadily grown in prevalence and popularity in the United States. While many scholars have examined its merits, few have considered litigation finance specifically in the context of copyright law. This is most unfortunate, for there, a vicious cycle has taken hold: high litigation costs discourage many market participants from taking cases to trial or summary judgment in order to vindicate their legal rights, even when they have strong cases. Thus, parties settle almost every case, which in turn prevents resolution of longstanding precedential questions in critical areas of copyright law. The legal uncertainty resulting ...


Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford 2017 John Marshall Law School

Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford

William K. Ford

Courts have long struggled with how to balance false association claims brought under the Lanham Act with the protections for speech under the First Amendment. The leading approach is the Rogers test, but this test comes in multiple forms with varying degrees of protection for speech. A substantial portion of the litigation raising this issue now involves video games, a medium that more so than others, likely needs the benefit of a clear rule that protects speech. The original version of the test is the simplest and the one most protective of speech. In 2013, the Ninth Circuit endorsed the ...


Diamond Justice—Teaching Baseball And The Law, Edmund P. Edmonds 2017 Notre Dame Law School

Diamond Justice—Teaching Baseball And The Law, Edmund P. Edmonds

Edmund P. Edmonds

Authors Louis H. Schiff and Robert M. Jarvis set out to fill a void in the vast array of legal teaching materials by creating Baseball and the Law: Cases and Materials, the first casebook to concentrate on “The National Pastime.” Their goal was to create a casebook that would propel the expansion of teaching law and baseball courses in law schools. By pulling together appropriate cases and primary reading material with detailed and carefully crafted notes, the authors have admirably completed this task with over 1000 pages of text to allow faculty and students in the legal academy a resource ...


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