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Making Chocolate Sweeter: How To Encourage Hershey Company To Clean Up Its Supply Chain And Eliminate Child Labor, Kathryn Manza 2014 Boston College Law School

Making Chocolate Sweeter: How To Encourage Hershey Company To Clean Up Its Supply Chain And Eliminate Child Labor, Kathryn Manza

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Child labor is a complex issue that deeply permeates cocoa production in West Africa. Multinational corporations, such as Hershey Company, are often in the best position to address child labor because these human rights violations occur within their own supply chains. The U.S. legislature can encourage multi-national corporations to address child labor through mandatory public disclosure and due diligence. This mandatory disclosure may encourage multinational corporations to use fair trade certification or sponsorship programs—solutions that keep children away from hazardous occupations while still addressing the root cause of child labor, poverty.


The Department Of Agriculture's Rules Of Practice: Do They Still Serve Both The Department's And The Public's Needs?, Peter M. Davenport 2014 Pepperdine University

The Department Of Agriculture's Rules Of Practice: Do They Still Serve Both The Department's And The Public's Needs?, Peter M. Davenport

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Demanding Supply: The Bioenergy Farm Lease’S Critical Role In Biomass Supply Chain Optimization, A. Bryan Endres, Elise C. Scott 2014 SelectedWorks

Demanding Supply: The Bioenergy Farm Lease’S Critical Role In Biomass Supply Chain Optimization, A. Bryan Endres, Elise C. Scott

A. Bryan Endres

As the bioenergy industry in the U.S. expands to meet increased demands for transportation fuel under the Renewable Fuel Standard and electrical power under state Renewable Portfolio Standards, farmers will seek the ability to grow dedicated, high-yielding energy crops of a perennial nature on leased property. Given the large amount of farmland in the U.S. that is leased, such contributions will represent a significant, though currently not well understood, portion of the biofuel industry supply chain. Through the use of contracts as governance schemes, the parties to a bioenergy farm lease can navigate three key areas of such ...


Facilitating The Commons Inside Out, Hanoch Dagan, Tsilly Dagan 2014 BLR

Facilitating The Commons Inside Out, Hanoch Dagan, Tsilly Dagan

Tel Aviv University Law Faculty Papers

Commons property is a true challenge to the law, especially in a legal context that respects individual mobility, which is key to freedom and autonomy. While a tragedy of the commons is not inevitable, the sustainability – let alone flourishing – of the commons is far from obvious either. But the rewards of the latter trajectory are critical: a successful commons property can generate significant economic benefits, due to its intrinsic advantages of economies of scale, risk-spreading, specialization, and synergy. These benefits multiply in the context of social commons property regimes that function as the loci and engines of meaningful interpersonal relationships ...


An Index Of California Regulations Affecting Rice Growers, Maddie Dunlap 2014 California Polytechnic State University

An Index Of California Regulations Affecting Rice Growers, Maddie Dunlap

Agricultural Education and Communication

The purposed of this project was to identify and compile California regulations that affect rice growers. The final product was an index designed for rice growers and their representatives to be used lobbying efforts with regulators and elected officials. The index serves to illustrate the intensive regulations that rice growers face in California. Areas of focus include water quality, air quality, labor and pesticides indirectly.


Hiding The Ball: The Sidestepping Of National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permitting Requirements By Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Adam S. Carlesco 2014 SelectedWorks

Hiding The Ball: The Sidestepping Of National Pollution Discharge Elimination System Permitting Requirements By Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Adam S. Carlesco

Adam S Carlesco

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are one of the few point sources under Clean Water Act jurisdiction that are not required to meet more stringent NPDES permitting requirements. After a series of court cases, the EPA proposed rulemaking requiring the submission of information by CAFO operators to create a national database of CAFO locations and operation information, yet that rulemaking was subsequently abandoned. This paper proposes that EPA implement the proposedreporting requirements put forth in their 2010 settlement agreement with environmental petitioners.


Pride And Profit: Geographical Indications As Regional Development Tools In Australia, William Van Caenegem, Jen A. Cleary, Peter Drahos 2014 Southern Cross University

Pride And Profit: Geographical Indications As Regional Development Tools In Australia, William Van Caenegem, Jen A. Cleary, Peter Drahos

Journal of Economic and Social Policy

Geographical Indications (GIs) are intellectual property rights in placenames that evoke the typical qualities of agricultural products and foodstuffs that originate in particular districts. Presently, the EU is the dominant holder of protected GIs and the EU asserts that they are used extensively and effectively in EU countries as a rural and regional development tool. To date, Australia's response to GIs has largely been driven by perceptions of their impact upon trade gains and losses. Currently, Australia only has legal protection for wine-related GI's because of an agreement with the EU.

Given an increased focus on GIs internationally ...


International Economic Law And The Right To Food, Carmen G. Gonzalez 2014 SelectedWorks

International Economic Law And The Right To Food, Carmen G. Gonzalez

Carmen G. Gonzalez

This chapter examines the historic and current policies and practices that have contributed to food insecurity in the global South. It analyzes the impact of international economic law on the patterns of trade and production that perpetuate food insecurity, and recommends concrete measures that the international community might take through law and regulation to promote the fundamental human right to food. Part I provides a short introduction to the right to food framework and its implications for international trade, investment, and finance. Part II places the current food crisis in historical perspective by discussing the trade and aid policies that ...


Food For Thought: Genetically Modified Seeds As De Facto Standard Essential Patents, Benjamin M. Cole, Brent J. Horton, Ryan G. Vacca 2014 The University of Akron School of Law

Food For Thought: Genetically Modified Seeds As De Facto Standard Essential Patents, Benjamin M. Cole, Brent J. Horton, Ryan G. Vacca

Ryan G. Vacca

For several years, courts have been improperly calculating damages in cases involving the unlicensed use of genetically-modified (GM) seed technology. In particular, when courts determine patent damages based on the hypothetical negotiation method, they err in exaggerating these damages to a point where no rational negotiator would agree. In response, we propose a limited affirmative defense of an implied license due to the patent’s status as a de facto standard essential patent. To be classified as a de facto standard essential patent, the farmer must prove three elements that reflect the peculiarities of GM seeds used in farming: (1 ...


Environmental Sustainability Criteria In The Coffee Sector – Lessons That Can Be Learnt, Evgenia Pavlovskaia 2014 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Environmental Sustainability Criteria In The Coffee Sector – Lessons That Can Be Learnt, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

In the article, the issue of environmental sustainability criteria in the coffee sector is researched. Such important aspects in this topic are highlighted and discussed as reasons for the emergence of sustainability criteria for coffee and factors that make the production of coffee sustainable. Two widely used sustainability standards for coffee, the Fair Trade Coffee sustainability standard and the Utz Certified Coffee sustainability standard, are investigated more precisely. The environmental requirements of these standards in the form of environmental sustainability criteria, and mechanisms to control their fulfilment are outlined. The issue of control is separately highlighted, because it is considered ...


A Step In The Right Direction Or Side-Stepping The Issue: Is State Regulation For Factory Farming Appropriate?, Cynthia Furmanek 2014 Seton Hall University

A Step In The Right Direction Or Side-Stepping The Issue: Is State Regulation For Factory Farming Appropriate?, Cynthia Furmanek

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Strengthening The Vpa General Permit: Managing Animal Feeding Operations In Virginia To Meet State Law And The Bay Tmdl, Rachel Cannon, Jason Kane 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Strengthening The Vpa General Permit: Managing Animal Feeding Operations In Virginia To Meet State Law And The Bay Tmdl, Rachel Cannon, Jason Kane

Virginia Coastal Policy Clinic

No abstract provided.


The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman 2014 Bowling Green State University

The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman

Honors Projects

Lake Erie has experienced harmful algal blooms with increased frequency since the mid-1990s due to excess nutrients from Rivers, such as the Maumee River, and largely agricultural watersheds. Nonpoint source pollution from agriculture contributes to eutrophication, algal blooms, and the degradation of water quality. This creates stress on aquatic fauna, reduced aesthetic quality, odor, and limits of the water for usage of drinking, recreation, and industry. This research paper asks what the contributions of having access to manure application records, soil records, and information about antibiotics have on what is known about manure management and antibiotic resistance, which has been ...


Table Of Contents, 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Gideon: Looking Backward, Looking Forward, Looking In The Mirror, Steven Zeidman 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Gideon: Looking Backward, Looking Forward, Looking In The Mirror, Steven Zeidman

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Legal Financial Obligations: Fulfilling The Promise Of Gideon By Reducing The Burden, Travis Stearns 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Legal Financial Obligations: Fulfilling The Promise Of Gideon By Reducing The Burden, Travis Stearns

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Does The Right To Counsel On Appeal End As You Exit The Court Of Appeals?, Nancy P. Collins 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Does The Right To Counsel On Appeal End As You Exit The Court Of Appeals?, Nancy P. Collins

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


G Forces: Gideon V. Wainwright And Matthew Adler's Move Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis, Janet Moore 2013 Seattle University School of Law

G Forces: Gideon V. Wainwright And Matthew Adler's Move Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis, Janet Moore

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Dark Medicine: How The National Research Act Has Failed To Address Racist Practices In Biomedical Experiments Targeting The African-American Community, Anietie Maureen-Ann Akpan 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Dark Medicine: How The National Research Act Has Failed To Address Racist Practices In Biomedical Experiments Targeting The African-American Community, Anietie Maureen-Ann Akpan

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Driving While License Suspended - Third Degree, A Framework For Requesting Alternative Sentences, Sahar Fathi 2013 Seattle University School of Law

Driving While License Suspended - Third Degree, A Framework For Requesting Alternative Sentences, Sahar Fathi

Seattle Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


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