A Tipping Point In Ohio: The Primacy Model As A Path To A Consistent Application Of Judicial Federalism, 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law
A Tipping Point In Ohio: The Primacy Model As A Path To A Consistent Application Of Judicial Federalism, The Honorable Pierre Bergeron
University of Cincinnati Law Review
No abstract provided.
Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, 2022 College of Sharia and Islamic Studies - University of Qassim- KSA
Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, Dr. Mohamed Farouk Mohammed
Journal Sharia and Law
The notion of the letter of guarantee emerged as one of the alternative forms for the financial deposit to safeguard the administrative contract. The aim of such a notion was to protect the party to a contract from the harm of having portions of his or her capital idle. Letters of the guarantee are either interim to make sure the contract party is committed or final to make sure the performance of contract terms is perfect. It may also be an installment paid in advance to ensure perfect performance. A fourth type is the letter of guarantee for equipment or ...
Psychosis, Heat Of Passion, And Diminished Responsibility, 2022 University of Florida Levin College of Law
Psychosis, Heat Of Passion, And Diminished Responsibility, E. Lea Johnston, Vincent T. Leahey
Boston College Law Review
This Article calls for the creation of a generic partial excuse for diminished rationality from mental disability. Currently, most jurisdictions recognize only one partial excuse: the common law heat-of-passion defense. Empirical research demonstrates that populations with delusions experience similar impairments to decision-making capacities as people confronted with sudden, objectively adequate provocation. Yet, current law affords significant mitigation only to the latter group, which only applies in murder cases. Adoption of the Model Penal Code’s “extreme mental or emotional disturbance” (EMED) defense could extend mitigation to other forms of diminished responsibility. However, examination of jurisdictions’ adoption and utilization of the ...
Elucidation Strategies: A Case Study Of The U.S Supreme Court, 2022 Belmont University
Elucidation Strategies: A Case Study Of The U.S Supreme Court, Gordon Carroll
Belmont University Research Symposium (BURS)
The research encompassed a study on the consistency in judicial interpretations and factors that influenced U.S. Supreme Court decisions. To do this, the study explored literature and theoretical perspectives relating to judicial interpretations and decisions. The target population entailed officers in the Office of the Solicitor General for their experience in Court rulings. Interviews were conducted among ten respondents, with data collected, coded, and analyzed. The study results were then presented, discussed, and conclusions derived from them. Generally, the study found serious inconsistencies in interpretations not only between justices but also in almost similar cases. Decisions by justices were ...
Christianity And Locke: An Investigation Of Resistance Theory, 2022 Liberty University
Christianity And Locke: An Investigation Of Resistance Theory, John Kebles
Helm's School of Government Conference
No abstract provided.
The Restitution Of Nazi-Looted Art In The United States: A Legal And Policy Analysis, 2022 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
The Restitution Of Nazi-Looted Art In The United States: A Legal And Policy Analysis, Katharine J. Namon
Senior Theses and Projects
Restitution of Nazi-looted art in the United States is a complicated legal and policy issue. Victims and their heirs seeking restitution of their stolen art frequently encounter inconsistent legal standards at the state, federal, and international levels. Moreover, there are many different parties involved in these cases, including countries, museums, private collections, auction houses, heirs, and individuals who may have an interest in the particular work of art. Ethics must also be considered, and in the past, international principles for nations have been established to guide the process of delivering victims of wartime looting justice. Unfortunately, the current legal framework ...
James Madison And Strict Constructionism, 2022 Liberty University
James Madison And Strict Constructionism, Drew Lemay
Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy
The United States Constitution has been a battleground between loose and strict constructionism since it was first ratified by the original thirteen colonies. To this day, the debate has continued to rage on across political groups. The question that remains to be answered is which method of interpretation did the Founding Fathers subscribe and intend to be utilized for the following generations. This essay seeks to partially answer that question by analyzing the view of one particular Founder: James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution.”
Survey Of State Laws Governing Fees Associated With Late Payment Of Rent, 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Survey Of State Laws Governing Fees Associated With Late Payment Of Rent, Ryan Sullivan
College of Law, Faculty Publications
The Survey contains both a cumulative and detailed account of the laws of each state governing late fees and penalties associated with late payment of rent involving residential tenancies. States that impose late fee maximums vary greatly on the amount and form of the limitation—some limit the late fee to a certain percentage of the rental amount, a few states impose a dollar amount maximum, and several states impose both. Some states, rather than limiting the late fee to a certain amount, only require that the late fee be “reasonable.” Additionally, a handful of states mandate that late fees ...
Tech And Authoritarianism: How The People’S Republic Of China Is Using Data To Control Hong Kong And Why The U.S. Is Vulnerable, 2022 Seattle University School of Law
Tech And Authoritarianism: How The People’S Republic Of China Is Using Data To Control Hong Kong And Why The U.S. Is Vulnerable, Bryce Neary
Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law
The aim of this article is to analyze and compare current events in the People's Republic of China and the United States to discuss the moral dilemmas that arise when establishing the boundary between national security interests and individual privacy rights. As we continue to intertwine our lives with technology, it has become increasingly important to establish clear privacy rights. The question then becomes: at what point should individuals sacrifice their rights for what the government considers the "greater good" of the country?
Further, this article analyzes the development of U.S. privacy law and its relationship to national ...
Waste And The Governance Of Private And Public Property, 2022 University of New Mexico - School of Law
Waste And The Governance Of Private And Public Property, Joseph A. Schremmer, Tara K. Righetti
Common law waste doctrine is often overlooked as antiquated and irrelevant. At best, waste doctrine is occasionally examined as a lens through which to evaluate evolutions in modern property theory. We argue here that waste doctrine is more than just a historical artifact. Rather, the principle embedded in waste doctrine underpins a great deal of property law generally, both common law and statutory, as well as the law governing oil and gas, water, and public trust resources. Seen for what it is, waste doctrine provides a fresh perspective on property, natural resources, and environmental law.
In this Article, we excavate ...
The Zoom Paradox: Schrodinger’S Witness, 2021 Louisiana State University Law Center
The Zoom Paradox: Schrodinger’S Witness, Christopher J. Vidrine
Louisiana Law Review
The article explains the role of the common law and federal civil statutes in the evolution of convenience concept in civil procedure through the development of videoconferencing technology.
You Are Not A Commodity: A More Efficient Approach To Commercial Privacy Rights, 2021 University of Washington School of Law
You Are Not A Commodity: A More Efficient Approach To Commercial Privacy Rights, Benjamin T. Pardue
Washington Law Review
United States common law provides four torts for privacy invasion: (1) disclosure of private facts, (2) intrusion upon seclusion, (3) placement of a person in a false light, and (4) appropriation of name or likeness. Appropriation of name or likeness occurs when a defendant commandeers the plaintiff’s recognizability, typically for a commercial benefit. Most states allow plaintiffs who establish liability to recover defendants’ profits as damages from the misappropriation under an “unjust enrichment” theory. By contrast, this Comment argues that such an award provides a windfall to plaintiffs and contributes to suboptimal social outcomes. These include overcompensating plaintiffs and ...
Deepfake Privacy: Attitudes And Regulation, 2021 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Deepfake Privacy: Attitudes And Regulation, Matthew B. Kugler, Carly Pace
Northwestern University Law Review
Using only a series of images of a person’s face and publicly available software, it is now possible to insert the person’s likeness into a video and show them saying or doing almost anything. This “deepfake” technology has permitted an explosion of political satire and, especially, fake pornography. Several states have already passed laws regulating deepfakes, and more are poised to do so. This Article presents three novel empirical studies that assess public attitudes toward this new technology. In our main study, a representative sample of the U.S. adult population perceived nonconsensually created pornographic deepfake videos as ...
Divine Intervention, Part Ii: Narratives Of Norm Entrepreneurship In Canadian Religious Freedom Litigation, 2021 Faculty of Law, University of Victoria
Divine Intervention, Part Ii: Narratives Of Norm Entrepreneurship In Canadian Religious Freedom Litigation, Kathryn Chan, Howard Kislowicz
Dalhousie Law Journal
Constitutional litigation has become a central arena for debate about human rights. Groups from all points on the political spectrum have turned to legal advocacy, “intervening” in judicial proceedings in an effort to advance their preferred interpretations of particular rights.
Judges and scholars remain divided on whether and how interveners are valuable. This paper evaluates a main rationale for intervention: interveners improve adjudication by enriching courts’ understandings of the issues before them. We use qualitative analysis to examine the extent to which interveners in Canada have succeeded in contributing to judicial pronouncements on the scope and meaning of religious freedom ...
The Implausibility Standard For Environmental Plaintiffs: The Twiqbal Plausibility Pleading Standard And Affirmative Defenses, 2021 University of Washington School of Law
The Implausibility Standard For Environmental Plaintiffs: The Twiqbal Plausibility Pleading Standard And Affirmative Defenses, Celeste Anquonette Ajayi
Washington Law Review
Environmental plaintiffs often face challenges when pleading their claims. This is due to difficulty in obtaining the particular facts needed to establish causation, and thus liability. In turn, this difficulty inhibits their ability to vindicate their rights. Prior to the shift in pleading standards created by Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, often informally referred to as “Twiqbal,” plaintiffs could assert their claims through the simplified notice pleading standard articulated in Conley v. Gibson. This allowed plaintiffs to gain access to discovery, which aided in proving their claims.
The current heightened pleading standard established by Twiqbal, also ...
Copyrighting Tiktok Dances: Choreography In The Internet Age, 2021 University of Washington School of Law
Copyrighting Tiktok Dances: Choreography In The Internet Age, Ali Johnson
Washington Law Review
TikTok is a video-sharing social media application that launched in 2018 and has grown wildly since its inception. Many users are drawn to the platform by “dance challenges”—short dance routines of varying complexity set to popular songs that are recreated by other users, eventually going “viral” (i.e., recreated on a massive scale by other users) on the app. Going viral can provide young dancers and choreographers an opportunity to break into the highly competitive entertainment industry. However, there is a problem: due to TikTok’s interface and community practices, the original creators of a dance (who, significantly, are ...
Legal Economics And The Canadian Accredited Investor Standard: Efficiency As A Proxy For Change, 2021 Western University
Legal Economics And The Canadian Accredited Investor Standard: Efficiency As A Proxy For Change, Jeremy White
Master of Laws Research Papers Repository
This paper takes a legal-economic approach in assessing the current accredited investor standard that exists as part of Canada’s securities laws. An accredited investor is often characterized as an individual that, due to his or her wealth, may participate in certain investment opportunities that would otherwise not be available. Canada’s National Instrument 45-106 views accredited investors as those with a unique ability to understand financial markets, and due to this level of understanding, the typical disclosure protections afforded to the public—mainly, the prospectus—are not necessary to these individuals.
A legal-economic approach to the accredited investor standard ...
A Study On The Legal Status Of Removal Costs Of Oil Pollution From Ship Under Chinese Maritime Law, 2021 World Maritime University
A Study On The Legal Status Of Removal Costs Of Oil Pollution From Ship Under Chinese Maritime Law, Weipeng Zhang
Maritime Safety & Environment Management Dissertations (Dalian)
No abstract provided.
But Why Him? A Review Of The Tenth Justice: Judicial Appointments, Marc Nadon, And The Supreme Court Act Reference, By Carissima Mathen And Michael Plaxton, 2021 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
But Why Him? A Review Of The Tenth Justice: Judicial Appointments, Marc Nadon, And The Supreme Court Act Reference, By Carissima Mathen And Michael Plaxton, Andrew Flavelle Martin
Dalhousie Law Journal
To the great benefit of the Canadian legal community and the Canadian public, the authors have created an extensive, concise, and highly readable account of the Nadon saga. Anyone unfamiliar with the purported appointment of Justice Nadon to the Supreme Court of Canada, the Reference re Supreme Court Act, ss 5 and 6 (also known as the Nadon Reference), and the aftermath will find this book invaluable. I expect this work will become the definitive and authoritative account of this saga and that it will be indispensable to future scholars.
I begin this review with a brief overview of the ...
Landlord Bounty Hunters: Qui Tam As An Effective Tool For Housing Code Enforcement, 2021 Brooklyn Law School
Landlord Bounty Hunters: Qui Tam As An Effective Tool For Housing Code Enforcement, Alex Ellefson
Journal of Law and Policy
Millions of American renters live in substandard housing. Conditions in these homes not only affect individual renters’ quality of life, but in the aggregate create enormous burdens on public resources in the form of higher healthcare costs, demand for public benefits, and lower economic productivity. Furthermore, the legacy of racist housing policies in the United States has concentrated poor housing conditions in low-income communities of color. This Note argues that existing methods of housing code enforcement are inadequate. Instead, housing advocates should turn to an ancient remedy that has been used to prosecute fraud, labor violations, and even pirates: qui ...