Accessible Reliable Tax Advice, 2018 DePaul University College of Law
Accessible Reliable Tax Advice, Emily Cauble
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
Unsophisticated taxpayers who lack financial resources are disadvantaged by a shortage of adequate tax advice. The IRS does not have the resources to answer all questions asked, and the IRS’s informal advice comes with no guarantee as to its accuracy and offers the taxpayer no protection when it is mistaken. Furthermore, non-IRS sources of advice have not sufficiently filled the void left by a lack of satisfactory IRS guidance. These biases against unsophisticated taxpayers have been noted by existing literature. This Article contributes to existing literature by proposing several novel reform measures to assist unsophisticated taxpayers.
First, with respect ...
Agen Viagra Asli Usa 0821-6765-4444 Obat Tahan Lama Di Bali , Denpasar Cod, 2018 St. Mary's University, San Antonio, TX
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Tax Compliance In A Decentralizing Economy, 2018 University of California Hastings College of Law
Tax Compliance In A Decentralizing Economy, Manoj Viswanathan
Georgia State University Law Review
Tax compliance in the United States has long relied on information from centralized intermediaries—the financial institutions,employers, and brokers that help ensure income is reported and taxes are paid. Yet while the IRS remains tied to these centralized entities,consumers and businesses are not. New technologies, such as sharing economy platforms (companies such as Airbnb, Uber, and Instacart)and the blockchain (the platform on which various cryptocurrencies are based) are providing new, decentralized options for exchanging goods and services.
Without legislative and agency intervention, these technologies pose a critical threat to the reporting system underlying domestic and international tax ...
How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, 2018 Georgia State University College of Law
How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, Alan J. Ponce
Georgia State University Law Review
Many employers offer nonqualified deferred compensation plans as a benefit to select employees, and those plans allow the employees to prepare for retirement in a tax-efficient manner. For employers,designing and administering such plans in compliance with federal law represents a paramount concern in order to achieve the tax advantages such plans entail. However, for these employers, there remains an inherent ambiguity in the tax code regarding how and when employers should withhold Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA) taxes—that is, Social Security and Medicare taxes—on deferred compensation in nonqualified retirement plans.
Tax regulations provide two distinct methods for ...
Sec Filings, Regulatory Deadlines, And Capital Market Consequences, 2017 New York University
Sec Filings, Regulatory Deadlines, And Capital Market Consequences, Eli Bartov, Yaniv Konchitchki
New York University Law and Economics Working Papers
Timely disclosure of financial statement information is a critical requirement for firms and well-functioning capital markets. Yet, every quarter or year, a non-trivial number of firms are late in filing their financial statements. This paper identifies and probes various capital market consequences for late filings of quarterly and annual financial statements. It examines the short- and long-window reaction to late filings, as well as how equity investors process statements accompanying late filing announcements, such as managers declaring intentions to file within/outside SEC’s allowed grace periods. The paper documents that delayed quarterly filings have distinctly different valuation implications than ...
Medical Deduction Allowed For In-Home Personal Use, 2017 Sacred Heart University
Medical Deduction Allowed For In-Home Personal Use, Danny A. Pannese
The Tax Court held that payments made to an elderly woman's providers of personal care that she required due to her diminished capacity qualified as long-term-care services and were therefore deductible under IRC § 213(d)(1)(C). Lillian Baral was diagnosed with dementia by her physician in 2004. The court agreed with Baral's estate that the amounts paid to the caregivers for their services were deductible as qualified long-term-care services. Baral was chronically ill, and the care was medically necessary to protect her from threats to her health and safety, as determined by her physician. The court also ...
The Impact Of Recent Sec Financial Reporting Probes On Shareholder Wealth: Companies, Competitors, And Consequences, Stephen Warde
Honors Projects in Finance
During an undergraduate college career, an accounting major devotes a great part of his or her time to learning how publicly traded businesses prepare financial statements in compliance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and federal securities laws. These accounting principles, standards, and procedures are ultimately enforced by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to protect investors, uphold fair markets, and promote public trust in the capital market system. To fulfill its mission, the SEC Division of Enforcement conducts investigations into possible violations of the federal securities laws and administers enforcement actions. Naturally, SEC investigations and the anticipation ...
Reconsidering Realization-Based Accounting For Equity Compensation, 2017 Boston Univeristy School of Law
Reconsidering Realization-Based Accounting For Equity Compensation, David Walker
The U.S. equity compensation landscape continues to evolve. Recent innovations have improved the linkage between pay and firm-specific performance, but have added complexity. Against that backdrop, this Article urges reconsideration of the accounting rules for equity pay. Under current rules, most equity pay awards are expensed based on grant date valuation with no updating for changes in value post grant. This Article advocates the adoption of a mark-to-market or realization-based approach under which the expense recorded for all equity pay awards would ultimately be trued to the value received by employees. Increasingly, equity pay awards are more analogous to ...
New Fasb Rules For Leases: A Sarbanes-Oxley Promise Delivered, 2017 Florida State University College of Law
New Fasb Rules For Leases: A Sarbanes-Oxley Promise Delivered, Donald J. Weidner
Congress responded to the first financial accounting scandals of the new millennium by enacting the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, which required the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) to study issuers’ filings and report on whether their financial statements reflect the economics of off-balance sheet arrangements to investors in a transparent fashion. In 2005, the SEC reported that there “may be approximately $1.25 trillion in non-cancellable future cash obligations committed under operating leases that are not recognized on issuer balance sheets, but are instead disclosed in the notes to the financial statements." Accordingly, the SEC requested that the Financial Accounting ...
Impact On Grant Fraud Within The Government, 2017 La Salle University
Impact On Grant Fraud Within The Government, Ashley Clark
Economic Crime Forensics Capstones
My proposal and area of concentration will focus on the forensic accountant’s role in grant fraud. This role is more important now than ever, as fraudsters’ efforts have become more sophisticated over time. Grant fraud is particularly susceptible because more and more fraudsters are working within the company and understand the internal workings of the organization. Ensuring that grant notice of award regulations and rules are followed – and that relevant agencies and individuals follow all protocols under the budgeted term – are crucial components to ensuring the grant’s success.
Within my research paper, I will cover all areas associated ...
Gatekeepers Gone Wrong: Reforming The Chapter 9 Eligibility Rules, 2017 Arizona State University
Gatekeepers Gone Wrong: Reforming The Chapter 9 Eligibility Rules, Laura N. Coordes
Washington University Law Review
In order to gain access to chapter 9 bankruptcy, municipalities must demonstrate that they meet several eligibility requirements. These requirements were put in place to prevent municipalities from making rash decisions about filing for bankruptcy. Too often, however, these requirements impede municipalities from attaining desperately needed relief. This Article demonstrates that as currently utilized, the chapter 9 eligibility rules overemphasize deterrence and are not rationally connected to the reasons the chapter 9 bankruptcy system was developed. This Article therefore posits that the chapter 9 eligibility requirements should be relaxed.
To support this claim, the Article conducts a detailed analysis of ...
A Legal Study On The Internal Control System For Direction Of Legislation In Korea, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
A Legal Study On The Internal Control System For Direction Of Legislation In Korea, Sungbum Kwon
Theses and Dissertations
The concept of internal control began in accounting professional groups, gradually expanded to the administrative control and the risk management from accounting control, and became an important area that cannot be excluded from the operation of the public companies in the U.S.
When the Enron scandal struck the credibility of the stock market in the U.S. in 2001, the authorities implemented reformative measures including the SOX enactment to protect investors. Although there has been a controversy over this legislation since the enactment of the SOX, it appears that the U.S. capital market has been restoring confidence with ...
California Board Of Accountancy, 2017 University of San Diego
California Board Of Accountancy, Anna V. Randall, J. D. Fellmeth
California Regulatory Law Reporter
No abstract provided.
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law
Donor Advised Funds: Charitable Spending Vehicles For 21st Century Philanthropy, Roger Colinvaux
Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions
The donor advised fund (DAF) is changing longstanding giving norms in United States philanthropy. DAF contributions now account for around 8.4% of giving by individuals in the U.S. Over half of those contributions go to national DAF sponsors that have relationships with large commercial investment firms like Fidelity, Vanguard, and Schwab. This Article seeks to advance the understanding of the donor advised fund and to address two of the main policy questions: whether to require a mandatory distribution of funds by DAFs and their sponsoring organizations and how to respond to the increased use of DAFs for noncash ...
Taxing Wealth Seriously, 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology
Taxing Wealth Seriously, Edward J. Mccaffery
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
The social and political problems of wealth inequality in America are severe and getting worse. A surprise is that the U.S. tax system, as is, is a significant cause of these problems, not a cure for them. The tax-law doctrines that allow those who already have financial wealth to live, luxuriously and tax-free, or to pass on their wealth tax-free to heirs, are simple. The applicable legal doctrines have been in place for nearly a century under the income tax, the primary social tool for addressing matters of economic inequality. The analytic pathways to reform are easy to see ...
Will We Ever Close The Gaap?: A Look Into The International Convergence Of Accounting Standards, 2016 University of Michigan Law School
Will We Ever Close The Gaap?: A Look Into The International Convergence Of Accounting Standards, Melanie Rosin
Michigan Business & Entrepreneurial Law Review
This Note examines the trend toward the international convergence of accounting standards and then identifies the factors contributing to the process of this trend as well as the obstacles standard setters face in moving to one high quality, unified set of standards. The Note next identifies the possible outcomes for the future of convergence, including the mandatory adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) by the United States, the Securities & Exchange Commission’s (SEC) encouragement of the voluntary of adoption of IFRS by the United States, requiring public companies to comply with both U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U ...
Shareholder Wealth Maximization As Means To An End, 2016 Selected Works
Shareholder Wealth Maximization As Means To An End, Robert P. Bartlett, Iii
In several recent cases, the Delaware Chancery Court has emphasized that where a conflict of interest exists between holders of a company’s common stock and holders of its preferred stock, the standard of conduct for directors requires that they strive to maximize the value of the corporation for the benefit of its common stockholders rather than for its preferred stockholders. This article interrogates this view of directors’ fiduciary duties from the perspective of incomplete contracting theory. Building on the seminal work of Sanford Grossman and Oliver Hart, incomplete contracting theory examines the critical role of corporate control rights for ...
What Happens In Vegas Doesn't Always Stay In Vegas: Nevada Corporations Enjoy A Disproportionate Share Of Sec Trading Suspensions, 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania
What Happens In Vegas Doesn't Always Stay In Vegas: Nevada Corporations Enjoy A Disproportionate Share Of Sec Trading Suspensions, Anthony J. Cataldo Ii, Peter F. Oehlers, Robert C. Scanlon
No abstract provided.
Proportionate Liability Under The Cbca In The Context Of Recent Corporate Governance Reform: Canadian Auditors In The Wrong Place At The Wrong Time?, 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University
Proportionate Liability Under The Cbca In The Context Of Recent Corporate Governance Reform: Canadian Auditors In The Wrong Place At The Wrong Time?, Poonam Puri, Stephanie Ben-Ishai
In the recent Canada Business Corporations Act' amendments implementing a proportionate liability scheme, auditors appear to be winners. This is consistent with the trend in the past several years as a result of which Canadian auditors have been successful in narrowing the scope of their liability both through legislation and through common law. Going forward, however, it is fair to say that auditors will be losers unless the accounting profession re-evaluates its role and responsibilities to its stakeholders. Given the accounting and corporate governance scandals North America has witnessed in the past few years, as well as the actual and ...
It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), 2016 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology
It's Tax Not Trade (Stupid), Edward J. Mccaffery
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
Globalization, trade and other free market policies increase wealth. But the gains from trade are not being evenly spread among all citizens. People and politicians rage against foreigners. But it is the United States tax system, not trade, that ought to change, and wealthy Americans, not workers world-wide, who should be sharing the wealth. A nd it is the form of tax, not just its rate structure, that must reform, so that capital at last bears a meaningful share of the burden.