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Ptsd In Military Service Members: To Care For Him Who Shall Have Borne The Battle, 19 Depaul J. Health Care L. (Forthcoming Mar. 2017)., Janelle M. Langan 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Ptsd In Military Service Members: To Care For Him Who Shall Have Borne The Battle, 19 Depaul J. Health Care L. (Forthcoming Mar. 2017)., Janelle M. Langan

Janelle M. Langan

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (“PTSD”) is the most prevalent mental health disorder among our military service members. The diagnosis of stress from combat has been controversial as it has evolved historically. The diagnosis of PTSD among military service members and veterans is riddled with competing political agendas focused upon the cost of war. Political actors that support war seek to minimize the cost of war, while those political actors that do not support war seek to maximize the cost of war. This conflicting political agendas affects the funding, support, and care provided to veterans for the trauma they endured during the ...


The Law (?) Of The Lincoln Assassination, Martin S. Lederman 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

The Law (?) Of The Lincoln Assassination, Martin S. Lederman

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Shortly after John Wilkes Booth killed Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865, President Andrew Johnson directed that Booth’s alleged coconspirators be tried in a makeshift military tribunal, rather than in the Article III court that was open for business just a few blocks from Ford’s Theater. Johnson’s decision implicated a fundamental constitutional question that was a subject of heated debate throughout the Civil War: When, if ever, may the federal government circumvent Article III’s requirements of a criminal trial by jury, with an independent, tenure-protected presiding judge, by trying individuals other than members of the armed ...


False Rubicons, Moral Panic, & Conceptual Cul-De-Sacs: Critiquing & Reframing The Call To Ban Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Chris Jenks 2017 Pepperdine University

False Rubicons, Moral Panic, & Conceptual Cul-De-Sacs: Critiquing & Reframing The Call To Ban Lethal Autonomous Weapons, Chris Jenks

Pepperdine Law Review

By casting into the indeterminate future and projecting visions of so-called killer robots, The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots (The Campaign) has incited moral panic in an attempt to stimulate a discussion—and ultimately a ban—on lethal autonomous weapons (LAWS). The real concern is the weapon systems’ ability to select and engage targets without human intervention. However, weapons systems that perform these functions have already been employed internationally since 1980 and The Campaign has been unable to specify which of the current systems its proposed ban should include. This article explains autonomy in general and as applied to weapons ...


Realizing An Opportunity: Limiting The Power Of The Executive In The Iraqi Constitution, Cory Kopitzke 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Realizing An Opportunity: Limiting The Power Of The Executive In The Iraqi Constitution, Cory Kopitzke

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

In the summer of 2015, Iraqi citizens took to the streets in protest. After going without essential services, such as electricity, in the sweltering heat and after enduring corruption that undermined Iraqi forces battling the Islamic State, these citizens called for meaningful changes in the management of the Iraqi government and for the fulfillment of “democratic aspirations” enshrined in the Iraqi Constitution. In response to these protests, Iraqi Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi, proposed sweeping reform measures to combat the decisive divides in the current administration. These reforms called for drastic change—including the elimination of the vice-president and deputy prime ...


For The Sake Of Consistency: Distinguishing Combatant Terrorists From Non-Combatant Terrorists In Modern Warfare, Alexander Fraser 2017 University of Richmond

For The Sake Of Consistency: Distinguishing Combatant Terrorists From Non-Combatant Terrorists In Modern Warfare, Alexander Fraser

Law Student Publications

This article aims to offer a solution for prosecuting terrorists consistently and efficiently in the ever-expanding world of modern warfare. It argues that our country's approach to prosecuting terrorists has been wildly inconsistent, and that clarity and consistency are required moving forward. The executive branch, which directs the path the Department of Justice and military take in these arenas, has been the main instigator of the inconsistency. The decision whether to prosecute foreign, non-citizen terrorists in an Article III federal court or military tribunal/commission has become politicized, allowing political winds to dictate policy, albeit an inconsistent, unprincipled one ...


Some Remarks On Self-Defense And Intervention: A Reaction To Reading Law And Civil War In The Modern World, Josef Rohlik 2016 St. Louis University

Some Remarks On Self-Defense And Intervention: A Reaction To Reading Law And Civil War In The Modern World, Josef Rohlik

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim McCormack 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Chemical Weapons And Other Atrocities: Contrasting Responses To The Syrian Crisis, Tim Mccormack

International Law Studies

Why has the use of chemical weapons in Syria engendered such a substantive multilateral response in stark contrast to almost every other egregious international law violation perpetrated against the civilian population? Various theories have been offered but the explanation has little to do with humanitarian concerns for Syrian victims and is more readily explicable by unusual (in the Syrian context) alignment of U.S. and Russian national interests. Bashar al-Assad was convinced to accede to the Chemical Weapons Convention, to surrender his stockpiles of chemical weapons and to co-operate with international investigators deployed under UN Security Council auspices amid a ...


The Korean War Through The Eyes Of Ray Deweese, Yulissa y. lara 2016 Southern Adventist Univeristy

The Korean War Through The Eyes Of Ray Deweese, Yulissa Y. Lara

Korean War

Ray DeWeese was born in Cleveland, TN on May 10, 1928 and has lived in Cleveland most of his life. He enlisted in the Marine Corps at 17 years old and fought towards the end of World War II and went off to be a pilot and officer during the Korean War. This interview depicts Mr.DeWeese’s experience during World War II but digs deeper into the difficulty of being a pilot during the brutal Korean War. As Mr. DeWeese recounts his traumatic experience he emphasizes how his diligent training, hardworking comrades, and his Faith in God got him ...


Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter 2016 USAF

Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter

Space Traffic Management Conference

Leveraging existing U.S. regulatory frameworks, as well as international organizations, will dramatically shorten the time needed to develop an effective Space Traffic Management concept. Both the Department of Defense and the Department of Transportation have been working with the U.S. Congress to define and develop a Space Traffic Management concept that will allow the Office of Commercial Space Launch to begin a new mission that will help to ensure the safety and resilience of the space domain. Outside observers can easily see forward progress toward this, still, undeveloped concept. This paper explores potential final U.S. Space Traffic ...


Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement And International Law, Heather A. Harrison Dinniss, Jann K. Kleffner

International Law Studies

Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their ...


Newsroom: Margulies Cited On Military Commissions 11-04-2016, Peter S. Margulies 2016 Roger Williams University School of Law

Newsroom: Margulies Cited On Military Commissions 11-04-2016, Peter S. Margulies

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Common Law Of War, Jens David Ohlin 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

The Common Law Of War, Jens David Ohlin

William & Mary Law Review

In recent litigation before U.S. federal courts, the government has argued that military commissions have jurisdiction to prosecute offenses against the “common law of war,” which the government defines as a body of domestic offenses, such as inchoate conspiracy, that violate the American law of war. This Article challenges that definition by arguing that stray references to the term “common law of war” in historical materials meant something completely different. By examining the Lieber Code, the writings of early natural law theorists, and early American judicial decisions, this Article concludes that the “common law of war” referred to a ...


If George Washington Did It, Does That Make It Constitutional? : History's Lessons For Wartime Military Tribunals, Martin S. Lederman 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

If George Washington Did It, Does That Make It Constitutional? : History's Lessons For Wartime Military Tribunals, Martin S. Lederman

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Congress has recently authorized military commissions to try individuals for domestic-law offenses—such as providing material support to terrorism, and conspiring to commit law-of-war offenses—in addition to offenses against the international laws of war. Such military tribunals lack the civilian jury and independent judge that Article III of the Constitution guarantees. The constitutionality of such an abrogation of Article III’s criminal-trial guarantees has been debated in many of the Nation’s wars, without clear resolution. The Article III question is now the subject of a potentially landmark case, al Bahlul v. United States, that the Supreme Court may ...


Partners And Legal Pitfalls, Brian Finucane 2016 U.S. Naval War College

Partners And Legal Pitfalls, Brian Finucane

International Law Studies

Partnered military operations are an increasingly prominent feature of armed conflict and one which presents a distinct set of legal challenges to States assisting partners. This is particularly true of the war in Syria which is characterized both by States working with and through other States and non-State actors and by the widespread violation of the law of armed conflict (LOAC) by many of the parties. This article considers the legal implications of LOAC violations by a party to the conflict for the State or States providing it assistance and identifies risk mitigation measures that assisting States can adopt.


The Soul Of The Drone Operator: The Place Of The Cardinal Virtues In Drone Warfare, Lazarus Ejike Onuh 2016 Providence College

The Soul Of The Drone Operator: The Place Of The Cardinal Virtues In Drone Warfare, Lazarus Ejike Onuh

Theology Graduate Theses

Contents

Acknowledgements

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

Chapter

  1. The Value of Human Life and the Paradox of War
  2. The Nuts and Bolts of Drones
  3. The Moral Landscape of Drone Warfare and Its Implication on the Just War Theory
  4. The Cardinal Virtues and the Drone Operator
  5. The Victimhood of the Drone Operator
  6. Beyond Moral Injury; Soul Wound and Repair

Conclusion

Bibliography


Icrc, Nato And The U.S. – Direct Participation In Hacktivities – Targeting Private Contractors And Civilians In Cyberspace Under International Humanitarian Law, Ido Kilovaty 2016 Duke Law

Icrc, Nato And The U.S. – Direct Participation In Hacktivities – Targeting Private Contractors And Civilians In Cyberspace Under International Humanitarian Law, Ido Kilovaty

Duke Law & Technology Review

Cyber-attacks have become increasingly common and are an integral part of contemporary armed conflicts. With that premise in mind, the question arises of whether or not a civilian carrying out cyber-attacks during an armed conflict becomes a legitimate target under international humanitarian law. This paper aims to explore this question using three different analytical and conceptual frameworks while looking at a variety of cyber-attacks along with their subsequent effects. One of the core principles of the law of armed conflict is distinction, which states that civilians in an armed conflict are granted a set of protections, mainly the protection from ...


Customary International Law, The Separation Of Powers, And The Choice Of Law In Armed Conflicts And Wars, John C. Dehn 2016 Loyola University Chicago, School of Law

Customary International Law, The Separation Of Powers, And The Choice Of Law In Armed Conflicts And Wars, John C. Dehn

John C. Dehn

After over fourteen years of continuous armed conflict, neither courts nor commentators are closer to a common understanding of how, or the extent to which, international and U.S. law interact to regulate acts of belligerency by the United States. This Article articulates and defends the first normative theory regarding the general relationship of customary international law to the U.S. legal system that fully harmonizes Supreme Court precedent. It then applies this theory to customary international laws of war to articulate the legal framework regulating the armed conflicts of the United States. It demonstrates that the relationship of customary ...


Hannibal At The Gate: Border Kids, Drugs, And Guns – And The Mexican Cartel War Goes On, Arthur Rizer 2016 West Virginia University

Hannibal At The Gate: Border Kids, Drugs, And Guns – And The Mexican Cartel War Goes On, Arthur Rizer

Arthur Rizer

This article argues that the current cartel war in Mexico represents a clear and present danger to the national security of the United States. Some have estimated Mexico, one of the United States’ closest allies, has lost more than 60,000 people in its drug war. That is approximately a murder every hour related to cartel violence. Some experts claim the death toll has been greatly soft-pedaled, with the government reducing violence by simply not reporting it, and that the actual death toll is over 100,000. These numbers do not even include the nearly 40,000 Americans who die ...


Trading Police For Soldiers: Has The Posse Comitatus Act Helped Militarize Our Police And Set The Stage For More Fergusons?, Arthur Rizer 2016 West Virginia University College of Law

Trading Police For Soldiers: Has The Posse Comitatus Act Helped Militarize Our Police And Set The Stage For More Fergusons?, Arthur Rizer

Arthur Rizer

No abstract provided.


The War On Terror, How The Strategies Used By The United States Against Islamic Extremism Have Been Ineffective, Hein Paing 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

The War On Terror, How The Strategies Used By The United States Against Islamic Extremism Have Been Ineffective, Hein Paing

Student Works

The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the ineffective strategies used by the United States and coalition forces in the fight against Islamic extremist terrorism. The continuation of terrorist groups acting in the name of Islam begs the question as to just how well have these strategies worked, and what further measures must be taken in order to quell the existence of these organizations? This will be done through the examination of tactics such as the deployment of troops, bombardments from airstrikes, and the restrictive rules of engagements. When explored thoroughly, it will be easier to ascertain exactly why ...


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