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Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo 2018 U.S. Naval War College

Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo

International Law Studies

In 2017, the International Committee of the Red Cross published an updated Commentary on the Second Geneva Convention. One question left unanswered by the new Commentary is the relationship between international humanitarian law and other international treaties applicable to the maritime domain, such as the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and treaties adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The Second Geneva Convention establishes a legal framework for the humane treatment and protection of victims of armed conflict at sea—the wounded, sick and shipwrecked. There are circumstances, however, in which the belligerents do not ...


Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The complementarity principle of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is an international legal principle that governs the relationship between two; sometimes; contrasting international principles of law; namely sovereign equality of States and the international community’s duty to end impunity for international core crimes. Article 17 of the Rome Statute envisages that States maintain primary jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute international crimes; while the ICC’s jurisdiction to prosecute when States are unwilling or genuinely unable to carry out such investigations or prosecutions constitutes the exception. This article provides an analysis of this principle in the ...


Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Women and children living in armed conflict are amongst the most vulnerable populations at-risk of sexual and gender-based violence. When U.N. peacekeepers arrive to help dispel conflict; these populations believe that the soldiers in blue helmets will protect them. Instead; hundreds of women and children in the Central African Republic have reported being raped and sexually violated by U.N. peacekeepers. Despite compelling evidence to validate these claims; U.N. peacekeepers who commit these crimes are seldom held accountable. This Note discusses how to hold U.N. peacekeepers accountable for their human rights violations. This Note argues that troop-contributing ...


Syria Under Pinheiro: Reformulating Syrian Domestic Law For Decentralized Reconstruction, George Somi 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Syria Under Pinheiro: Reformulating Syrian Domestic Law For Decentralized Reconstruction, George Somi

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; since 2011; the Syrian conflict has generated roughly 5.4 million refugees; while approximately 6.5 million people are internally displaced within the country; making it the largest internally displaced population in the world. Rebuilding Syria’s infrastructure; homes; and businesses will be an immense task; with cost estimates ranging between $250–$350 billion USD. The Syrian government and the international community have already started to contemplate postwar reconstruction and even wartime reconstruction; despite the ongoing fighting. This Note operates under the assumption that the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad ...


Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World's Polar Regions, Mark P. Nevitt, Robert V. Percival 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World's Polar Regions, Mark P. Nevitt, Robert V. Percival

Boston College Law Review

Climate change is fundamentally transforming both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. Yet these regions differ dramatically in their governing legal regimes. For the past sixty years the Antarctic Treaty System, a traditional “hard law” international law treaty system, effectively de-militarized the Antarctic region and halted competing sovereignty claims. In contrast, the Arctic region lacks a unifying Arctic treaty and is governed by the newer “soft law” global environmental law model embodied in the Arctic Council’s collaborative work. Now climate change is challenging this model. It is transforming the geography of both polar regions, breaking away massive ice sheets ...


The International Legal Implications Of Military Space Operations: Examining The Interplay Between International Humanitarian Law And The Outer Space Legal Regime, Dale Stephens 2018 University of Adelaide Law School

The International Legal Implications Of Military Space Operations: Examining The Interplay Between International Humanitarian Law And The Outer Space Legal Regime, Dale Stephens

International Law Studies

In the contemporary period, many military forces rely heavily on space-based assets to conduct operations across a wide spectrum of contexts. Such reliance necessarily exposes a correlative vulnerability that such assets may be degraded or destroyed, especially in a time of armed conflict. However, the legal framework that governs military action in space during a time of armed conflict is not well explored. This article examines the interaction between International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and the Outer Space legal regime. Harmonization of legal regimes is a goal of any reconciliation project, although such harmonization may not always be readily possible. In ...


“Indian” As A Political Classification: Reading The Tribe Back Into The Indian Child Welfare Act, Allison Krause Elder 2018 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

“Indian” As A Political Classification: Reading The Tribe Back Into The Indian Child Welfare Act, Allison Krause Elder

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

In the summer of 2018, the Ninth Circuit will consider an appeal from the dismissal of a constitutional challenge to the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). Brought by a conservative think-tank, this case frames the ICWA as race-based legislation, violating equal protection by depriving Indian children of the same procedures as non-Indian children in child custody cases. In reality, the ICWA seeks to protect the interests of tribes, Indian families, and Indian children by establishing special procedures and obligations in Indian child custody cases. On its face, the ICWA is concerned not with the race of children, but with the ...


Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction (Book Review), Mark Patrick Nevitt 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Military Justice: A Very Short Introduction (Book Review), Mark Patrick Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship

This short essay reviews Professor Eugene Fidell’s recently published book, “Military Justice A Very Short Introduction” (Oxford Press). This book is a welcome addition to military law and military justice literature more generally. Eugene Fidell, a professor at Yale Law School, brings a tremendous breadth of experience as both a scholar and military justice practitioner. He also possesses a keen observational and critical eye to the subject of military justice practiced here and abroad.

The book review first provides an overview of Professor Fidell’s book, its organizational set-up, and where it sits in the broader context of military ...


Armed Conflict-Related Detention Of Particularly Vulnerable Persons: Challenges And Possibilities, Sandesh Sivakumaran 2018 University of Nottingham

Armed Conflict-Related Detention Of Particularly Vulnerable Persons: Challenges And Possibilities, Sandesh Sivakumaran

International Law Studies

Persons detained for reasons related to an armed conflict are in a vulnerable position. Deprived of their liberty, they are at the mercy of their captors. Certain groups of detainees are particularly vulnerable. Additionally, the way in which non-international armed conflicts are fought can make it difficult for some parties to the conflict to comply with the rules benefiting particularly vulnerable detainees. This Article identifies groups of particularly vulnerable detainees and analyzes the general and special protections that are afforded to them under the conventional and customary international law of armed conflict. It then considers the realities of detention in ...


The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention--A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Bruno Demeyere, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lakner 2018 Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross

The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention--A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Bruno Demeyere, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lakner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

This Article was originally published in 97 Int’l Rev. Red Cross, no. 900, 2015, at 1209– 26. It is reprinted with permission.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convetion: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Three, Jamie McDowell, Hannah Ponders 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convetion: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Three, Jamie Mcdowell, Hannah Ponders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Two, Dana Lohrberg, Ethan Morris 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session Two, Dana Lohrberg, Ethan Morris

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session One, Michael Baker, Nichole Novosel 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Afternoon Rapporteur Session One, Michael Baker, Nichole Novosel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Public Panel Rapporteur Session, Matthew Coutreau, William Ogden 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

Conference On The 2016 Icrc Commentary On The First Geneva Convention: Public Panel Rapporteur Session, Matthew Coutreau, William Ogden

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Contorting Common Article 3: Reflections On The Revised Icrc Commentary, Michael A. Newton 2018 Vanderbilt University Law School

Contorting Common Article 3: Reflections On The Revised Icrc Commentary, Michael A. Newton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Critique Of The Icrc's Updated Commentary To The First Geneva Convention: Arming Medical Personnel And The Loss Of Protected Status, Nicholas W. Mull 2018 Columbia University Law School

A Critique Of The Icrc's Updated Commentary To The First Geneva Convention: Arming Medical Personnel And The Loss Of Protected Status, Nicholas W. Mull

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Whose Armed Conflict? Which Law Of Armed Conflict?, Adil A. Haque 2018 Rutgers School of Law

Whose Armed Conflict? Which Law Of Armed Conflict?, Adil A. Haque

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Wounded Combatants, Military Medical Personnel, And The Dilemma Of Collateral Risk, Geoffrey Corn, Andrew Culliver 2018 South Texas College of Law Houston

Wounded Combatants, Military Medical Personnel, And The Dilemma Of Collateral Risk, Geoffrey Corn, Andrew Culliver

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Five Years Under The Veterans Judicial Review Act: The Va Is Brought Kicking And Screaming Into The World Of Meaningful Due Process, Lawrence B. Hagel, Michael P. Horan 2018 University of Maine School of Law

Five Years Under The Veterans Judicial Review Act: The Va Is Brought Kicking And Screaming Into The World Of Meaningful Due Process, Lawrence B. Hagel, Michael P. Horan

Maine Law Review

I have been asked to give you the “veterans' perspective” on whether the Court of Veterans Appeals has served the purpose for which it was created by Congress and also to describe what additional steps the court might take to further the ends desired by veterans. This is no easy task. It is difficult not because I do not have a lot to say. It is difficult because it is a charge to speak, in a sense, for all veterans. In order to understand what I mean, I think it may be helpful to give you a little background on ...


The Impact Of Judicial Review On The Department Of Veterans Affairs' Claims Adjudication Process: The Changing Role Of The Board Of Veterans' Appeals, Charles L. Craigin 2018 University of Maine School of Law

The Impact Of Judicial Review On The Department Of Veterans Affairs' Claims Adjudication Process: The Changing Role Of The Board Of Veterans' Appeals, Charles L. Craigin

Maine Law Review

In a March 1992 statement submitted to the Congress, the Deputy Secretary of Veterans Affairs described the impact of judicial review on the Department of Veterans Affairs (Department or VA) as “profound.” That description is still apt and applies with as much force to the Board of Veterans' Appeals (Board or BVA) as it does to the Department as a whole. Nothing has had as much impact on the Board as the Veterans' Judicial Review Act (VJRA). The VJRA established the United States Court of Veterans Appeals in 1988 and charged it with the review of decisions of the Board ...


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