Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Military, War, and Peace Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,893 Full-Text Articles 2,086 Authors 992,810 Downloads 154 Institutions

All Articles in Military, War, and Peace

Faceted Search

2,893 full-text articles. Page 1 of 77.

Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:4 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:4 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article is reproduced with permission from the October 2018 issue of the American Journal of International Law © 2018 American Society of International Law. All rights reserved.


Weapons Review Obligation Under Customary International Law, Natalia Jevglevskaja 2018 University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy

Weapons Review Obligation Under Customary International Law, Natalia Jevglevskaja

International Law Studies

Under Article 36 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, States are required to review new weapons for their compliance with international law. While recent discussions on the regulation of lethal autonomous weapons systems under the auspices of the UN Certain Conventional Weapons Convention increasingly emphasize the importance of national weapons review mechanisms, Article 36 is known to be implemented only by a handful of States. Some legal scholars have nonetheless argued that the Article 36 obligation has attained customary international law status. Remarkably, substantive analysis of State practice and opinio juris required to evidence that certain ...


Periodic Review Boards For Law-Of-War Detention In Guantanamo: What Next?, Andrea Harrison 2018 International Committee for the Red Cross's Regional Delegation for the U.S. and Canada

Periodic Review Boards For Law-Of-War Detention In Guantanamo: What Next?, Andrea Harrison

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Juntas De Revisión Periódica Para La Detención De La Ley De Guerra En Guantánamo: ¿Qué Será Lo Siguiente?, Andrea Harrison 2018 International Committee for the Red Cross's Regional Delegation for the United States and Canada

Juntas De Revisión Periódica Para La Detención De La Ley De Guerra En Guantánamo: ¿Qué Será Lo Siguiente?, Andrea Harrison

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Are Enhanced Warfighters Weapons, Means, Or Methods Of Warfare?, Rain Liivoja, Luke Chircop 2018 TC Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland

Are Enhanced Warfighters Weapons, Means, Or Methods Of Warfare?, Rain Liivoja, Luke Chircop

International Law Studies

Advances in science and technology have made it possible to improve the physical and cognitive capabilities of warfighters by biomedical interventions, such as the administration of drugs, the implantation of devices, and the magnetic stimulation of the brain. These advances raise the question as to whether enhanced warfighters ought to be considered weapons, means of warfare, or methods of warfare, for the purposes of the law of armed conflict. An affirmative answer to this question would make human enhancement subject to various restrictions arising from the law of armed conflict as well as arms control law. This article disagrees with ...


The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article offers a new way of thinking about the military. The U.S. military’s existing legal architecture arose from tragedy: in response to operational military failures in Vietnam, the 1980 failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt and other military misadventures, Congress revamped the Department of Defense (DoD)’s organization. The resulting law, the Goldwater-Nichols Act, formed two militaries within the DoD that endure to this day. These two militaries – the operational military and the administrative military – were once opaque to the outside observer but have emerged from the shadows in light of recent conflicts. The operational military remains the ...


The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

What configuration of strategies and discourses enable the white male and settler body politic to render itself as simultaneously wounded and invulnerable? I contextualize this question by reading the discursive continuities between Euro-America’s War on Terror post-9/11 and Algeria’s War for Independence. By interrogating political-philosophical responses to September 11, 2001 beside American rhetoric of a wounded nation, I argue that white nationalism, as a mode of settler colonialism, appropriates the discourses of political wounding to imagine and legitimize a narrative of white hurt and white victimhood; in effect, reproducing and hardening the borders of the nation-state. Additionally ...


Drawing The Lines In The Shifting Sands Of Cape Canaveral: Why Common Beach Erosion Should Not Yield A Compensable Taking Under The Fifth Amendment, Jeremy N. Jungreis 2018 Florida State University College of Law

Drawing The Lines In The Shifting Sands Of Cape Canaveral: Why Common Beach Erosion Should Not Yield A Compensable Taking Under The Fifth Amendment, Jeremy N. Jungreis

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Belligerent Obligations Under Article 18(1) Of The Second Geneva Convention: The Impact Of Sovereign Immunity, Booty Of War, And The Obligation To Respect And Protect War Graves, Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg 2018 Europa-Universität Viadrina

Belligerent Obligations Under Article 18(1) Of The Second Geneva Convention: The Impact Of Sovereign Immunity, Booty Of War, And The Obligation To Respect And Protect War Graves, Wolff Heintschel Von Heinegg

International Law Studies

Article 18(1) of the Second Geneva Convention requires parties to an international armed conflict, “after each engagement” and “without delay,” to “take all possible measures to search for and collect the wounded and sick, to protect them against pillage and ill-treatment, to ensure their adequate care, and to search for the dead and prevent their being despoiled.” This article focuses on the latter obligation: the duty to search for and collect the dead. It assesses this obligation in light of the International Committee of the Red Cross 2017 Commentary on the Second Geneva Convention, the first such commentary completed ...


The Updated Icrc Commentary On The Second Geneva Convention: Demystifying The Law Of Armed Conflict At Sea, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Heleen Hiemstra, Ellen Nohle 2018 International Committee of the Red Cross

The Updated Icrc Commentary On The Second Geneva Convention: Demystifying The Law Of Armed Conflict At Sea, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Heleen Hiemstra, Ellen Nohle

International Law Studies

Since their publication in the 1950s and 1980s respectively, the Commentaries on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 have become a major reference for the application and interpretation of those treaties. The International Committee of the Red Cross, together with a team of renowned experts, is currently updating these Commentaries in order to document developments and provide up-to-date interpretations of the treaty texts. Following a brief overview of the methodology and process of the update as well as a historical background to the Second Geneva Convention, this article addresses the scope of applicability of the ...


Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner 2018 Florida International University

Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Kavanaugh And The Military Commissions: Reading The Law “As Written” For An Unpopular Defendant, Peter Margulies 2018 Roger Williams University School of Law

Kavanaugh And The Military Commissions: Reading The Law “As Written” For An Unpopular Defendant, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David Forte 2018 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This is a story of excess and reparation. It is a chronicle of one President from the elite intellectual classes of the East, and another from a county seat in the heartland. Woodrow Wilson was the college president whose contribution to the art of government lay in the principle of expertise and efficiency. When he went to war, he turned the machinery of government into a comprehensive and highly effective instrument for victory. For Wilson, it followed that there could be little tolerance for those who impeded the success of American arms by their anti-war propaganda, draft resistance, or ideological ...


Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:3 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:3 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article is reproduced with permission from the July 2018 issue of the American Journal of International Law © 2018 American Society of International Law. All rights reserved.


The Unequal Battlefield: How The Transgender Ban Would Affect One-Percent Of The Armed Forces, Jennifer M. Garcia 2018 DePaul University

The Unequal Battlefield: How The Transgender Ban Would Affect One-Percent Of The Armed Forces, Jennifer M. Garcia

DePaul Journal of Women, Gender and the Law

No abstract provided.


The Nuremberg Trials Project At Harvard Law School: Making History Accessible To All, Judith A. Haran 2018 Harvard Law School

The Nuremberg Trials Project At Harvard Law School: Making History Accessible To All, Judith A. Haran

Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies

This article is primarily a case study of the Nuremberg Trials Project at the Harvard Law School Library in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It begins with an historical note about the war crimes trials and their documentary record, including the fate of the several tons of trial documents that were distributed in 1949. The second part of the article is a description of the Harvard Law School Nuremberg project, including its history, goals, logistical considerations, digitization process and challenges, and resulting impact. The structure and function of the project website is described, followed by a description of a typical user experience, the ...


Use Of Force At The Gaza Border: A Hybrid Approach To Tactical Challenges, Geoffrey Corn, Peter Margulies 2018 South Texas College of Law

Use Of Force At The Gaza Border: A Hybrid Approach To Tactical Challenges, Geoffrey Corn, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo 2018 U.S. Naval War College

Duty To Render Assistance To Mariners In Distress During Armed Conflict At Sea: A U.S. Perspective, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo

International Law Studies

In 2017, the International Committee of the Red Cross published an updated Commentary on the Second Geneva Convention. One question left unanswered by the new Commentary is the relationship between international humanitarian law and other international treaties applicable to the maritime domain, such as the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and treaties adopted by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The Second Geneva Convention establishes a legal framework for the humane treatment and protection of victims of armed conflict at sea—the wounded, sick and shipwrecked. There are circumstances, however, in which the belligerents do not ...


Living The World War - A Retrospective, Donald N. Zillman, Elizabeth Elsbach 2018 University of Maine School of Law

Living The World War - A Retrospective, Donald N. Zillman, Elizabeth Elsbach

Maine Law Review

Living the World War is a 1200-page, two volume study of America’s participation in World War I. The week-by-week review tries to place the reader in the position of an American citizen of a century ago who “lived” the War years without knowing what might come next. The authors’ sources are the daily editions of the New York Times and the pages of the Congressional Record—two documents available to the informed citizen of 1916 to 1919. The crucial issues of a century ago have helped shape American law and policy that is relevant today to such issues as ...


Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Women and children living in armed conflict are amongst the most vulnerable populations at-risk of sexual and gender-based violence. When U.N. peacekeepers arrive to help dispel conflict; these populations believe that the soldiers in blue helmets will protect them. Instead; hundreds of women and children in the Central African Republic have reported being raped and sexually violated by U.N. peacekeepers. Despite compelling evidence to validate these claims; U.N. peacekeepers who commit these crimes are seldom held accountable. This Note discusses how to hold U.N. peacekeepers accountable for their human rights violations. This Note argues that troop-contributing ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress