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Less Lethal Weapons: An Effectiveness Analysis, Timothy R. Kjellman 2016 Liberty University

Less Lethal Weapons: An Effectiveness Analysis, Timothy R. Kjellman

Senior Honors Theses

Less-lethal weapons have been effective at saving lives by providing police an option for defense or apprehension that does not involve a firearm. However, not all less-lethal weapons are created equal, and careful planning with a solid base of research must be done to insure that officers are prepared for every circumstance. The purpose of this study is to analyze the current information about less-lethal weapons and create a comprehensive breakdown of their strengths and weaknesses. This will include current statistics on the most common less-lethal weapons, as well as insight from scholarly sources. The strengths and weaknesses of a ...


Exploits Of A Helicopter Tv Journalist, Jerry Foster 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Exploits Of A Helicopter Tv Journalist, Jerry Foster

ERAU Prescott Aviation History Program

Jerry Foster was the first TV helicopter pilot/reporter in the country; the first to go live over the scene of a breaking story. High speed police chases; devastating floods and daring rescues now splashed all over cable TV, started in the early 1970s in Phoenix. Hear this fascinating story from a remarkable aviator who won the Harmon Trophy for his flying exploits. What he pioneered would later be copied by medical and law enforcement agencies throughout the country leading to the saving of countless lives.


Ocasio V. United States: Why The Hobbs Act Punishes Co-Conspirator Extortion, Joshua T. Carback 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Ocasio V. United States: Why The Hobbs Act Punishes Co-Conspirator Extortion, Joshua T. Carback

Endnotes

No abstract provided.


Apples-To-Fish: Public And Private Prison Cost Comparisons, Alex Friedmann 2016 Human Rights Defense Center

Apples-To-Fish: Public And Private Prison Cost Comparisons, Alex Friedmann

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Has All Heck Broken Loose? Examining Heck's Favorable-Termination Requirement In The Second Circuit After Poventud V. City Of New York, John P. Collins 2016 Fordham University School of Law

Has All Heck Broken Loose? Examining Heck's Favorable-Termination Requirement In The Second Circuit After Poventud V. City Of New York, John P. Collins

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Are Private Prisons To Blame For Mass Incarceration And Its Evils? Prison Conditions, Neoliberalism, And Public Choice, Hadar Aviram 2016 UC Hastings College of the Law

Are Private Prisons To Blame For Mass Incarceration And Its Evils? Prison Conditions, Neoliberalism, And Public Choice, Hadar Aviram

Fordham Urban Law Journal

One of the frequently criticized aspects of American mass incarceration, privatized incarceration, is frequently considered worse, by definition, than public incarceration for both philosophical ethical reasons and because its for-profit structure creates a disincentive to invest in improving prison conditions. Relying on literature about the neoliberal state and on insights from public choice economics, this Article sets out to challenge the distinction between public and private incarceration, making two main arguments: piecemeal privatization of functions, utilities, and services within state prisons make them operate more like private facilities, and public actors respond to the cost/benefit pressures of the market ...


Prison Privatization And Inmate Labor In The Global Economy: Reframing The Debate Over Private Prisons, Alfred C. Aman Jr., Carol J. Greenhouse 2016 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Prison Privatization And Inmate Labor In The Global Economy: Reframing The Debate Over Private Prisons, Alfred C. Aman Jr., Carol J. Greenhouse

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


From Homicidal Youths To Reformed Adults: Parole Hearing Procedures For Juvenile Homicide Offenders In Diatchenko V. District Attorney For The Suffolk District, Paula Trahos 2016 Boston College Law School

From Homicidal Youths To Reformed Adults: Parole Hearing Procedures For Juvenile Homicide Offenders In Diatchenko V. District Attorney For The Suffolk District, Paula Trahos

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

In 2013, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, following a United States Supreme Court case, Miller v. Alabama, held that all juvenile homicide offenders would have an opportunity for parole after serving fifteen years in prison. Subsequently, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, in Diatchenko v. District Attorney for the Suffolk District, held that juvenile homicide offenders are entitled to representation by counsel at parole hearings, funds for expert witnesses, and can be granted judicial review of parole board decisions. The majority afforded these additional procedures with the intention of providing juvenile homicide offenders with a meaningful opportunity for release ...


A Model Of Segmenting A High-Cost Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Initiative, Paul Adams 2016 Governors State University

A Model Of Segmenting A High-Cost Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Initiative, Paul Adams

All Capstone Projects

This project aimed to create a working model worthy to include within Schneider, Walker, and Sprague's description of a five-stage process of parceling out high-cost Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) initiatives. In 2002, the Department of Education and Department of Justice sponsored Schneider as the lead author for introducing and promoting CPTED initiatives for the first time in schools. This project's funding mechanism was created to help assist with the procurement of a highly priced CPTED initiative (key-less card system) for Suburban College.

Suburban College had faced a reoccurring pattern of theft from its classrooms and common ...


To Seek A Newer World: Prisoners’ Rights At The Frontier, David M. Shapiro 2016 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

To Seek A Newer World: Prisoners’ Rights At The Frontier, David M. Shapiro

Michigan Law Review First Impressions

Prisoners’ rights lawyers have long faced a dismal legal landscape. Yet, 2015 was a remarkable year for prison litigation that could signal a new period for this area of law—the Supreme Court handed down decisions that will reverberate in prison jurisprudence for decades to come. New questions have been asked, new avenues opened. This piece is about what the Court has done recently, and what possibilities it has opened for the future. More broadly, I suggest that the Court may be subjecting prison officials to greater scrutiny and that this shifting judicial landscape reflects an evolving social discourse about ...


Conviction Review Units: A National Perspective, John Hollway 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Conviction Review Units: A National Perspective, John Hollway

Faculty Scholarship

Over the past 25 years, Americans have become increasingly aware of a vast array of mistakes in the administration of justice, including wrongful convictions, situations where innocent individuals have been convicted and incarcerated for crimes they did not commit. The most prevalent institutional response by prosecutors to address post-conviction fact-based claims of actual innocence is the Conviction Review Unit (CRU), sometimes called the Conviction Integrity Unit. Since the creation of the first CRU in the mid-2000s, more than 25 such units have been announced across the country; more than half of these have been created in the past 24 months ...


An Evaluation Of The Federal Legal Services Program: Evidence From Crime Rates And Property Values, Jamein P. Cunningham 2016 Portland State University

An Evaluation Of The Federal Legal Services Program: Evidence From Crime Rates And Property Values, Jamein P. Cunningham

Economics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper uses the city level roll-out of legal service grants to evaluate their effects on crime. Using Uniform Crime Reports from 1960 to 1985, the results show that there is a short run increase of 7 percent in crimes reported and also a 13 percent increase in crimes cleared by arrest. Results show an increase in the staffing of police officers in cities that received legal services. These cities are also associated with having higher median property values 10 years later. This supports the narrative that legal services changed police behavior through litigation or threats of litigation.


Identifying Criminals’ Risk Preferences, Murat C. Mungan, Jonathan Klick 2016 Florida State University College of Law

Identifying Criminals’ Risk Preferences, Murat C. Mungan, Jonathan Klick

Indiana Law Journal

There is a 250-year-old presumption in the criminology and law enforcement literature that people are deterred more by increases in the certainty rather than increases in the severity of legal sanctions. We call this presumption the Certainty Aversion Presumption (CAP). Simple criminal decision-making models suggest that criminals must be risk seeking if they behave consistently with CAP. This implication leads to disturbing interpretations, such as criminals being categorically different from law-abiding people, who often display risk-averse behavior while making financial decisions. Moreover, policy discussions that incorrectly rely on criminals’ risk attitudes implied by CAP are ill informed, and may therefore ...


Implementing Talking Circles In A Living Learning Community, Shaniqua Jones 2016 Governors State University

Implementing Talking Circles In A Living Learning Community, Shaniqua Jones

All Capstone Projects

Restorative Justice is a collaborative decision-making process that has been integrated as an alternative approach to historic means of justice systems globally for thousands of years. Restorative justice began to impact higher education in 1998 in order to strengthen student ties to their respective colleges and universities by enriching student voices and experiences in various areas of academic and student life, including living learning communities. Talking Circles are one of many restorative practices used to facilitate effective dialogue among shareholders because it fosters a similarity of integration, motivation, and values. The purpose of this research is to determine if the ...


Juvenile Culpability And The Felony Murder Rule: Applying The Enmund Standard To Juveniles Facing Felony Murder Charges, Sterling Root 2016 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Juvenile Culpability And The Felony Murder Rule: Applying The Enmund Standard To Juveniles Facing Felony Murder Charges, Sterling Root

Senior Theses and Projects

Over the past decade, the Supreme Court has issued decisions in numerous cases (Roper v. Simmons, Graham v. Florida, Miller v. Alabama, and Montgomery v. Louisiana) involving juvenile sentencing that have radically transformed our juvenile criminal justice system. While some of these cases did involve juveniles convicted of felony murder, the Supreme Court never directly addressed how to handle juvenile sentencing in felony murder cases. This leaves a gap in society’s understanding of juvenile felony murder sentencing that must be addressed. Otherwise, many juveniles that never intended, attempted, or wished that a life be taken might spend the rest ...


Unpacking The Dirtbox: Confronting Cell Phone Location Tracking With The Fourth Amendment, Jonathan Bard 2016 Boston College Law School

Unpacking The Dirtbox: Confronting Cell Phone Location Tracking With The Fourth Amendment, Jonathan Bard

Boston College Law Review

Surveillance technology has raced ahead of the Fourth Amendment, forcing courts to confront high-tech intrusions with rusty jurisprudence. The Dirtbox, an airborne cell-site simulator, allows the government to sweep entire cities and intercept individuals’ cell phone location information without relying on cooperative intermediaries. This Note argues that the government’s use of the Dirtbox and other cell-site simulators amounts to a Fourth Amendment search because it may pinpoint individuals within a constitutionally protected space. Although the Department of Justice issued policy guidelines requiring its agents to obtain a search warrant before using this device, this narrow and unenforceable protocol fails ...


Patrolling The New Sociology: Neil Gross Brings The Timely And Topical To A Venerable Department, Gerry Boyle 2016 Colby College

Patrolling The New Sociology: Neil Gross Brings The Timely And Topical To A Venerable Department, Gerry Boyle

Colby Magazine

That Gross was a patrolman with the Berkeley (Calif.) Police Department for a year before going to graduate school may be only tangentially related to his decision to teach a course next semester called Policing the American City. But his time on the beat certainly gives him classroom cred.


Finally Some Improvement, But Will It Accomplish Anything? An Analysis Of Whether The Charitable Bail Bonds Bill Can Survive The Ethical Challenges Headed Its Way, Alex Petrossian 2016 Fordham University School of Law

Finally Some Improvement, But Will It Accomplish Anything? An Analysis Of Whether The Charitable Bail Bonds Bill Can Survive The Ethical Challenges Headed Its Way, Alex Petrossian

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Detect, Disrupt, And Detain: Local Law Enforcement's Critical Roles In Combating Homegrown Extremism And The Evolving Terrorist Threat, Mitch Silber, Adam Frey 2016 K2 Intelligence

Detect, Disrupt, And Detain: Local Law Enforcement's Critical Roles In Combating Homegrown Extremism And The Evolving Terrorist Threat, Mitch Silber, Adam Frey

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Health Reform And Correctional Health Care: How The Affordable Care Act Can Improve The Health Of Ex-Offenders And Their Communities, Joel B. Teitelbaum, Laura G. Hoffman 2016 School of Public Health and Health Services, George Washington University

Health Reform And Correctional Health Care: How The Affordable Care Act Can Improve The Health Of Ex-Offenders And Their Communities, Joel B. Teitelbaum, Laura G. Hoffman

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


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