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International Trade Law Commons

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All Articles in International Trade Law

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5,394 full-text articles. Page 1 of 142.

International Trade, Stephanie Bell, Johny Chaklader, Sylvia Chen, Shane Devins, Laura El-Sabaawi, Jeffrey Frank, Cynthia Galvez, Geoffrey Goodale, Derick Holt, Bernd Janzen, Ron Kendler, Ying Lin, Diane MacDonald, Cortney O'Toole Morgan, David Sella-Villa, Valerie Sorenson, Sarah Sprinkle, Adam Teslik 2021 Southern Methodist University

International Trade, Stephanie Bell, Johny Chaklader, Sylvia Chen, Shane Devins, Laura El-Sabaawi, Jeffrey Frank, Cynthia Galvez, Geoffrey Goodale, Derick Holt, Bernd Janzen, Ron Kendler, Ying Lin, Diane Macdonald, Cortney O'Toole Morgan, David Sella-Villa, Valerie Sorenson, Sarah Sprinkle, Adam Teslik

The Year in Review

No abstract provided.


Export Controls And Economic Sanctions, John Boscariol, J. Patrick Briscoe, Geoffrey Goodale, Jahna Hartwig, Jonathan Meyer, Christopher Stagg, Lawrence Ward 2021 Southern Methodist University

Export Controls And Economic Sanctions, John Boscariol, J. Patrick Briscoe, Geoffrey Goodale, Jahna Hartwig, Jonathan Meyer, Christopher Stagg, Lawrence Ward

The Year in Review

No abstract provided.


Customs Law, Luis Arandia, Shane Devins, Vince Draa, Geoffrey Goodale, Patricio La Porta, Keith P. Larsen, Greg Kanargelidis, Daniel L. Kiselbach, Matt Nakachi, Ruta Riley, Marcos Rios, Rebecca Rodriguez, Neo T. Tran, George R. Tuttle III, Matias Vergara 2021 Southern Methodist University

Customs Law, Luis Arandia, Shane Devins, Vince Draa, Geoffrey Goodale, Patricio La Porta, Keith P. Larsen, Greg Kanargelidis, Daniel L. Kiselbach, Matt Nakachi, Ruta Riley, Marcos Rios, Rebecca Rodriguez, Neo T. Tran, George R. Tuttle Iii, Matias Vergara

The Year in Review

No abstract provided.


Price Elasticity Of Demand In The Market For Governance In Businesses Location Decisions In Oecd Nations From 2015-2019, Luke Kendall 2021 Liberty University

Price Elasticity Of Demand In The Market For Governance In Businesses Location Decisions In Oecd Nations From 2015-2019, Luke Kendall

Senior Honors Theses

This study proposes a framework of viewing the competition between governments to attract businesses into their jurisdiction as a competitive market. Literature is reviewed on the market forces and incentives of businesses and governments in location decisions. A possible gap in the literature of quantifying the price elasticity of competition between national governments for business activity is identified. OECD data is analyzed using equations supported by literature and results are evaluated to better understand the elasticity of international location decisions. The results of this study indicate that elasticity varies widely between countries, and countries with smaller economies may face more ...


The Determination Of Applicable Law In International Commercial Arbitration, Dr. Obaid Saqer Busit 2021 Assistant Professor of Civil Procedure Law - College of Law - United Arab Emirates University

The Determination Of Applicable Law In International Commercial Arbitration, Dr. Obaid Saqer Busit

Journal Sharia and Law

Arbitration as means of settling commercial disputes between parties of different nationalities has been a popular and successful alternative to national court proceedings. Moreover, arbitration allows the parties to choose the applicable law governing their agreement. International arbitral rules generally allow the parties to an arbitration agreement to choose the substantive law that will govern the dispute. 1 However, this right of choice of applicable law involves various elements, one of the most troublesome of which is the choice of substantive law to be applied in a given dispute. An arbitrator is bound to reach a decision in accordance with ...


The U.S. Dairy Industry In The 20th And 21st Century, George B. Frisvold 2021 University of Arizona, Tucson

The U.S. Dairy Industry In The 20th And 21st Century, George B. Frisvold

Journal of Food Law & Policy

At the beginning of the 20th Century, the U.S. dairy industry was comprised of millions of small-scale operations producing for their own or for very local consumption. By the end of the 20th Century, the industry was dominated by large-scale producers marketing products via large cooperatives. Improvements in transportation, advances in animal breeding and feeding technologies, and scale economies have allowed the industry to be more competitive on global markets, where there is now active international trade in dairy products. Major government programs to support dairy farm income date back to Depression-era problems facing the industry. Federal programs to ...


Covid-19 Impacts: How A Global Pandemic Amid The Sunsets Of The Ptc And Itc Made The U.S. Wind And Solar Industries More Resilient, Kimberly E. Diamond 2021 Fordham Law School

Covid-19 Impacts: How A Global Pandemic Amid The Sunsets Of The Ptc And Itc Made The U.S. Wind And Solar Industries More Resilient, Kimberly E. Diamond

Fordham Environmental Law Review

A cataclysmic event is sometimes the necessary catalyst for companies within certain industries to re- examine, radically shift, and replace their standard practices with technologically-advanced alternatives. In the United States, the occurrence of the Coronavirus pandemic (“COVID-19”) during the sunsets of the Production Tax Credit (“PTC”) and the Investment Tax Credit (“ITC”) created a unique confluence of factors that produced a perfect storm tantamount to such a cataclysmic event for companies in the wind and solar industries, particularly developers. Over the years, the domestic utility-scale wind industry has come to rely heavily upon the PTC, while the domestic utility- scale ...


Illegal Discharge: Exploring The History Of The Criminal Enforcement Of The U.S. Clean Water Act, Dr. Joshua Ozymy, Dr. Melisssa L. Jarrell 2021 Fordham Law School

Illegal Discharge: Exploring The History Of The Criminal Enforcement Of The U.S. Clean Water Act, Dr. Joshua Ozymy, Dr. Melisssa L. Jarrell

Fordham Environmental Law Review

The criminal prosecution of defendants that violate federal clean water laws has been ongoing for roughly four decades. Yet, we continue to have a poor understanding of how federal prosecutors use the U.S. Clean Water Act (“CWA”) to charge and prosecute criminals and the outcomes of those prosecutions. We use content analysis to analyze 2,588 federal criminal prosecution case summaries, 1983-2019, to gain a better historical understanding of how the CWA has been used as a prosecutorial tool, to bring out the major themes in the prosecutions, and quantify sentencing outcomes. Findings from the 828 CWA prosecutions undertaken ...


Red Tide: A Blooming Concern For Florida Manatees, Shannon Price Esq. 2021 Fordham Law School

Red Tide: A Blooming Concern For Florida Manatees, Shannon Price Esq.

Fordham Environmental Law Review

Although red tides are a common and natural occurrence around the coast of Florida, within the last few decades they have intensified and become much more deadly. Several identifiable human-caused factors exacerbate the size, concentration, and duration of the harmful algae bloom and disturb the environment’s natural balance. The Florida Gulf Coast provides all the algae’s necessary requirements for survival, the perfect storm to create a resilient super bloom that annihilates its host ecosystem.

This article explains the plight of Florida manatees who, like other marine animals and plants, are being injured or killed by this algae crisis ...


"Eco" Your Own Way: An Argument For State-Specific Climate Change Legislation, Amanda Voeller 2021 Fordham Law School

"Eco" Your Own Way: An Argument For State-Specific Climate Change Legislation, Amanda Voeller

Fordham Environmental Law Review

The consequences of climate change seriously and immediately threaten the American way of life, but proposed federal legislation like the Green New Deal is overly broad, unrealistic, and inefficient. The most effective way for the United States to combat climate change is not with a one-size-fits-all plan like the Green New Deal, but with federal legislation that incentivizes states and cities to enact and enforce individualized, local climate legislation. Different states and cities have different climates, available energy sources, and transportation needs, so the federal government should use financial incentives to encourage states and cities to pass tailor-made bills and ...


The Use Of Regular Militaries For Natural Disasters After A Major Event Where The Military Was Seen As A Failure - The Somalia Effect In The Age Of Black Lives Matters And Covid-19, Donald D.A. Schaefer 2021 Fordham Law School

The Use Of Regular Militaries For Natural Disasters After A Major Event Where The Military Was Seen As A Failure - The Somalia Effect In The Age Of Black Lives Matters And Covid-19, Donald D.A. Schaefer

Fordham Environmental Law Review

This is written as a continuation of Dr. Schaefer’s recent article entitled, “The Use of the Regular Militaries for Natural Disaster Assistance: Climate Change and the Increasing Need for Changes to the Laws in the United States, China, Japan, the Philippines, and Other Countries.” 2 Perhaps few other areas have affected so many people than the Covid-19 pandemic. Coupled with this has been the struggle over the use of force by the military and police in the age of “black lives matters” and the movements that have been transpired as a result. With the increased global warming likely to ...


Not The African Copyright Pirate Is Perverse, But The Situation In Which (S)He Lives-Textbooks For Education, Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations, And Constitutionalization "From Below" In Ip Law, Klaus Beiter 2021 North-West University (South Africa)

Not The African Copyright Pirate Is Perverse, But The Situation In Which (S)He Lives-Textbooks For Education, Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations, And Constitutionalization "From Below" In Ip Law, Klaus Beiter

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

Printed textbooks remain crucial for education, particularly in developing countries. However, in many of these countries, textbooks are unavailable, too expensive, or not accessible in learners’ native tongues. Digital content, for many reasons, does not prove a wondrous solution. Cheaply (translating and) reproducing textbooks would be a strategy. However, reprography is highly regulated under copyright law. Copyright also adds to the cost of textbooks. The availability, accessibility, and acceptability of learning materials constitute essential elements of the right to education under international human rights law.

Intellectual property (IP) law has so far refrained from endorsing the concept of extraterritorial state ...


The Missing Goal-Scorers In The Artificial Intelligence Team: Of Big Data, The Fundamental Right To Research And The Failed Text And Data Mining Limitations In The Csdm Directive, Christophe Geiger 2021 Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI), University of Strasbourg

The Missing Goal-Scorers In The Artificial Intelligence Team: Of Big Data, The Fundamental Right To Research And The Failed Text And Data Mining Limitations In The Csdm Directive, Christophe Geiger

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

This article argues that recent strategies of the European Union in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) resemble a football team missing a goal-scorer to win any of the competitions with other jurisdictions having more flexible limitations to copyright, in particular with those allowing robust text and data mining (TDM) activities. It analyses the TDM limitations newly introduced in EU copyright law by the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market to show that these provisions not only fail to take duly into account the right to research grounded in the fundamental right to information, but also will not ...


The Implications For Australian Businesses Of Recent Developments In Us State Taxation Of Online Cross-Border Sales, Walter Hellerstein 2021 University of Georgia School of Law

The Implications For Australian Businesses Of Recent Developments In Us State Taxation Of Online Cross-Border Sales, Walter Hellerstein

Popular Media

Although there is no broad-based national consumption tax in the United States, 45 of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as well as thousands of local jurisdictions, impose general retail sales taxes. For the twelve-month period ending in September 2020, sales taxes yielded USD 333 billion or 31.1 per cent of state tax revenues.

The US Supreme Court’s 2018 decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc. dramatically expanded the US states’ power to require remote suppliers to collect taxes on in-bound sales to local consumers. The decision repudiated the pre-existing, judicially created constitutional rule limiting the ...


Perspektif Hukum Mengenai Jasa Netflix Di Indonesia Terkait Indonesia Schedule Of Specific Commitment Dalam Lingkup General Agreement Trade In Services, Chorfiranda N.M 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Perspektif Hukum Mengenai Jasa Netflix Di Indonesia Terkait Indonesia Schedule Of Specific Commitment Dalam Lingkup General Agreement Trade In Services, Chorfiranda N.M

Dharmasisya

This journal discusses Netflix services in Indonesia within the scope of the General Agreement on Trade in Services. Netflix is a company from the United States that is engaged in leasing movies and television series with a subscribe system that is digitally distributed. Currently the international regime that includes services is the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). GATS regulates services that have crossed the borders of the World Trade Organization (WTO) member based on GATS principles. This thesis uses the study of normative law with prescriptive research and the conceptual approach. The results of this study indicate that ...


Urgensi Meratifikasi Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (Fctc) Dalam Upaya Pengendalian Konsumsi Tembakau Di Indonesia, Fajar Kurniawan 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Urgensi Meratifikasi Framework Convention On Tobacco Control (Fctc) Dalam Upaya Pengendalian Konsumsi Tembakau Di Indonesia, Fajar Kurniawan

Dharmasisya

The current problem of tobacco consumption has become a global issue that covers almost all aspect of life, both economic, social and community welfare aspects, especially for the health aspects because of the impact of the healt losses they cause. Cigarette consumption in Indonesia continues to experience a significant increase. Indonesia is the thrid country with the highest number of smokers in the world. Global tobacco consumption control has been stated in Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) since 2003, hut until now Indonesia has not ratified that FCTC. As part of the civilization of the international community, it is ...


European Union Food Law Update, Nicole Coutrelis 2021 Coutrelis & Associates, Brussels

European Union Food Law Update, Nicole Coutrelis

Journal of Food Law & Policy

On March 31, 2006, the European Commission published Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006 On the Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs. This new regulation repealed Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2081/92 On the Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs mainly to bring Community law into conformity with the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements and the findings of a recent WTO panel. Under the new Regulation, persons in third countries (non-European Union members) are entitled to address applications for the protection of geographic names and statements ...


 The Effects Of Fraud By The Beneficiary Of The Letter Of Guaranty On The Obligation Of The Bank According To Unicitral 1995; A Comparative Study, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

 The Effects Of Fraud By The Beneficiary Of The Letter Of Guaranty On The Obligation Of The Bank According To Unicitral 1995; A Comparative Study

Journal Sharia and Law

The research focuses on the effect of fraud of the beneficiary of the international letters of guarantee on the international commitment of the bank through UNICITRAL rules for 1995. Article 19 of UNCITRAL illustrates the cases where the guarantor is able to waive the payment to the beneficiary. UNICITRAL rules grant the bank the power to refuse payment when the claim of the client is supported by fake documents and so it keeps the balance between the different interests. UNICITRAL rules grant the bank the discretionary authority of the payment. The bank's role to maintain the confidence in the ...


The System Of Compensation In World Commerce Organization: Is It Particular To The Commerce Law Or To The Commerce Power?, salaheddine boudjellal 2021 university of setif 2- algeria

The System Of Compensation In World Commerce Organization: Is It Particular To The Commerce Law Or To The Commerce Power?, Salaheddine Boudjellal

Journal Sharia and Law

Compensation is one of the key features of the general rules of international responsibility as a means of reparation. But in the WTO law, this is characterized by specificity to make it much different from the traditional concept. This study is trying to uncover the concept of compensation in WTO law within the framework of the so-called complaints of the violation, as well as complaints of non-violation, as has been included in the Dispute Settlement Understanding under WTO law, revealing the specificity of this system against the general rules of international responsibility in accordance with the provisions of public international ...


The Legal Regulation Of Humanitarian Relief Actions In Armed Conflicts, Amin Dawwas 2021 Arab American University

The Legal Regulation Of Humanitarian Relief Actions In Armed Conflicts, Amin Dawwas

Journal Sharia and Law

This research deals with non-conformity of goods under the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) in terms of concept, criteria and timing. It also addresses the duties of the buyer upon taking over the goods, whether examination of the goods or giving notice to the seller of the non- conformity. Besides this research deals with all legal effects of non-conformity, whether the remedies the buyer has in such situations or the right of the seller to cure the non-conformity. It also covers all legal effects of the buyer’s failure to respect his ...


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