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Kloker V. Fort Peck Tribes, Hallee Kansman 2019 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Kloker V. Fort Peck Tribes, Hallee Kansman

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Kloker v. Fort Peck Tribes investigates and deciphers the application of the Indian canons of construction to the congressional formation and establishment of the Fort Peck reservation in Montana. In general, courts interpret congressional acts creating reservations through the lens of the tribal-federal government trust relationship. Although this case examines different substantive models of legal interpretation and theories of water law, the ultimate dispute is textual in nature—questioning the plain language of the establishment legislation itself.


Hoopa Valley Tribe V. Ferc, 913 F.3d 1099 (D.C. Cir. 2019), Fredrick Aaron Rains 2019 University of Montana

Hoopa Valley Tribe V. Ferc, 913 F.3d 1099 (D.C. Cir. 2019), Fredrick Aaron Rains

Public Land & Resources Law Review

In Hoopa Valley Tribe v. FERC, the Hoopa Valley Tribe challenged the intentional and continual delay of state water quality certification review of water discharged from a series of dams on the Klamath River in California and Oregon. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the states of Oregon and California, and PacifiCorp, a hydroelectric operator, were implementing an administrative scheme designed to circumvent a one-year temporal requirement for review imposed on states by the Clean Water Act. This scheme allowed PacifiCorp to operate the series of dams for over a decade without proper state water quality certification. The United States Court ...


Murray V. Bej Minerals, Llc, Brett Berntsen 2019 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Murray V. Bej Minerals, Llc, Brett Berntsen

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Part of a dispute some 66 million years in the making, Murray v. BEJ Minerals, LLC considered for the first time whether dinosaur fossils—specifically a one-of-a-kind specimen containing entombed “dueling dinosaurs”—qualified as “minerals” for the purposes of a property transaction under Montana law. Finding no consistent statutory or dictionary definition for “mineral,” the Ninth Circuit relied on a test previously utilized by the Montana Supreme Court to hold that the dinosaur fossils constituted minerals due to their rare and exceptional qualities and were therefore part of the property’s mineral estate. The decision was promptly nullified, however, as ...


Narrowing In On The Problem: A Component-Level Analysis Of "Hybrid" Medical Devices, Jillian Friedmann 2019 Boston College Law School

Narrowing In On The Problem: A Component-Level Analysis Of "Hybrid" Medical Devices, Jillian Friedmann

Boston College Law Review

The Medical Device Amendments of 1976 (“MDA”) classify medical devices into three categories, each of which represents a different level of risk, and requires a different level of federal oversight. Class III devices, which pose the most risk, are subject to the highest level of oversight. Those devices are protected from any claims based on state laws that differ from or add to the requirements imposed by the MDA. On March 1, 2018, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, in Shuker v. Smith & Nephew, PLC, considered the application of preemption under the MDA to a “hybrid ...


Appeal No. 0966: Hardesty Production V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission 2019 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Appeal No. 0966: Hardesty Production V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-242


How Chevron Deference Is Inappropriate In U.S. Fishery Management And Conservation, Charles T. Jordan 2019 N/A

How Chevron Deference Is Inappropriate In U.S. Fishery Management And Conservation, Charles T. Jordan

Seattle Journal of Environmental Law

Well managed fisheries represent an excellent source of sustainable food making the management of which incredibly important. The management of fisheries in the United States is governed by The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA). While the Act creates strong goals and mandates to ensure the best management of fisheries as an important natural resource, there are issues of delegation within the act. The MSFCMA ultimately delegates authority to eight regional councils which are made up of unelected and un-appointed members. The membership of these councils is at risk of industry influence with little legal protections. Critical in how ...


Save Our Sound Obx, Inc. V. North Carolina Department Of Transportation, Mitch L. WerBell V 2019 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Save Our Sound Obx, Inc. V. North Carolina Department Of Transportation, Mitch L. Werbell V

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals recently ruled in favor of several governmental agencies seeking to construct a new bridge in the Pamlico Sound adjacent to North Carolina’s Outer Banks. For years, state and federal agencies have put forth a massive coordinated effort to address the constant weather damage and erosion which occurs to a section of North Carolina Highway 12. The court found the agencies properly cleared NEPA’s environmental review requirements for the bridge’s construction. Additionally, the opponent-litigants’ efforts to add claims challenging the project, based on new information about a shipwreck in the bridge’s ...


Enough Is Enough: Ten Years Of Carcieri V. Salazar, Bethany C. Sullivan, Jennifer L. Turner 2019 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Enough Is Enough: Ten Years Of Carcieri V. Salazar, Bethany C. Sullivan, Jennifer L. Turner

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Ten years ago, the United States Supreme Court issued its watershed decision in Carcieri v. Salazar, landing a gut punch to Indian country. Through that decision, the Supreme Court upended decades of Department of the Interior regulations, policy, and practice related to the eligibility of all federally recognized tribes for the restoration of tribal homelands through the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) of 1934. The Court held that tribes must demonstrate that they were “under federal jurisdiction” in 1934 to qualify for land into trust under the first definition of “Indian” in the IRA. Carcieri has impacted all tribes by upending ...


Toll-Free Assignment Modernization And The Triumph Of Coase, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

Toll-Free Assignment Modernization And The Triumph Of Coase, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


To Narrow The Digital Divide, The Fcc Should Not Simply Extend Lifeline To Broadband, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

To Narrow The Digital Divide, The Fcc Should Not Simply Extend Lifeline To Broadband, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


The Congressional Review Act And The Toxic Politics Of Net Neutrality, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

The Congressional Review Act And The Toxic Politics Of Net Neutrality, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


The Antideficiency Act Charade: A Low-Key Separation Of Powers Drama, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

The Antideficiency Act Charade: A Low-Key Separation Of Powers Drama, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


E-Rulemaking And The Politicization Of The Comment Process, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

E-Rulemaking And The Politicization Of The Comment Process, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


Revisiting Net Neutrality, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

Revisiting Net Neutrality, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


The Administrative Law Of Deregulation: The Long Road For The Trump Administration To Undo Obama-Era Regulations, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

The Administrative Law Of Deregulation: The Long Road For The Trump Administration To Undo Obama-Era Regulations, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


The Right Way To Protect Privacy Throughout The Internet Ecosystem, Daniel A. Lyons 2019 Boston College Law School

The Right Way To Protect Privacy Throughout The Internet Ecosystem, Daniel A. Lyons

Daniel Lyons

No abstract provided.


Institutional Independence: Lawyers And The Administrative State, Melissa Mortazavi 2019 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Institutional Independence: Lawyers And The Administrative State, Melissa Mortazavi

Fordham Law Review

The institutional structure where federal government lawyers practice is fraught with political and economic pressures that undermine the ability of lawyers to exercise independent professional judgment. A lack of candid legal advice in this space not only removes a pivotal fail-safe between legal and illegal state action but also precariously imbalances the powerful administrative state, exposing it to undue political influence. For these reasons, this Article argues that structural changes to administrative institutions must be made to support and nurture lawyers’ ability to independently determine the bounds of legality. Previous scholarship has examined the role of professional independence for lawyers ...


Differentiating Legislative From Nonlegislative Rules: An Empirical And Qualitative Analysis, Nadav D. Ben Zur 2019 Fordham University School of Law

Differentiating Legislative From Nonlegislative Rules: An Empirical And Qualitative Analysis, Nadav D. Ben Zur

Fordham Law Review

The elusive distinction between legislative rules and nonlegislative rules has frustrated courts, motivated voluminous scholarly debate, and ushered in a flood of litigation against administrative agencies. In the absence of U.S. Supreme Court guidance on the proper demarcating line, circuit courts have adopted various tests to ascertain a rule’s proper classification. This Note analyzes all 241 cases in which a circuit court has used one or more of the enunciated tests to differentiate legislative from nonlegislative rules. These opinions come from every one of the thirteen circuits and span the period of the early 1950s through 2018. This ...


Policing Cyberspace: The Uncertain Future Of Data Privacy And Security Enforcement In The Wake Of Labmd, Julia Whall 2019 Boston College Law School

Policing Cyberspace: The Uncertain Future Of Data Privacy And Security Enforcement In The Wake Of Labmd, Julia Whall

Boston College Law Review

On June 6, 2018, in LabMD, Inc. v. Federal Trade Commission (LabMD III), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit vacated a Federal Trade Commission order that required a small medical laboratory to maintain a reasonable data security program following a data breach. The case presented the Eleventh Circuit with the opportunity to clarify the FTC’s data privacy and security enforcement powers under Section 5 of the FTC Act. The court, however, only addressed this issue briefly in dicta, and instead held that the order was unenforceable because it was overly-broad. This Comment argues that Eleventh ...


Lessons Learned: Thomas C. Baxter, Jr., Esq., Alec Buchholtz, Rosalind Z. Wiggins 2019 Yale University

Lessons Learned: Thomas C. Baxter, Jr., Esq., Alec Buchholtz, Rosalind Z. Wiggins

Journal of Financial Crises

Baxter, who was General Counsel of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York during the crisis, gives us his take on how best to prepare for future crises.


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