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Balancing The Carrot And The Stick: Achieving Social Goals Through Real Property Tax Programs, Ryan F. Bender 2021 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Balancing The Carrot And The Stick: Achieving Social Goals Through Real Property Tax Programs, Ryan F. Bender

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

The sharp and growing wealth divide in the United States has elicited significant media and public attention over the past decade, with loud calls for achieving social goals through tax system change. While wealth preservation loopholes in the Internal Revenue Code can contribute to wealth inequalities, tax policies that incentivize socially responsible, tax efficient investment offer an attractive tool for estate planning professionals while also promoting social impact programs. Additionally, while direct government investments into low-income community development, land preservation, and food security are important drivers of change, tax policies that push private capital into these causes are equally important ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac–Module F: Federal Reserve’S Large-Scale Asset Purchase (Lsap) Program, Daniel Thompson, Adam Kulam 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac–Module F: Federal Reserve’S Large-Scale Asset Purchase (Lsap) Program, Daniel Thompson, Adam Kulam

Journal of Financial Crises

By late 2008, the secondary mortgage markets were suffering high default rates, causing mortgage lending to slow and the value of mortgage securities to plummet. The Federal Reserve lowered the federal funds rate, and the government placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into conservatorship, yet credit in housing and other financial markets remained tight. On November 25, the Fed announced its intent to purchase up to $500 billion in agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and $100 billion in agency debt to reduce the cost and increase the availability of mortgage credit, which would support housing markets and improve conditions in financial ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module E: The Housing And Economic Recovery Act Of 2008, Daniel Thompson 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module E: The Housing And Economic Recovery Act Of 2008, Daniel Thompson

Journal of Financial Crises

As the U.S. housing crisis worsened in 2007, and through 2008, the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) headed towards insolvency. At the same time, contractions in private securitization resulted in these two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) purchasing nearly half of all new mortgages. In July, the government passed the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA) to provide a more effective regulator and to address public uncertainty regarding whether the government would back the GSEs’ assets and liabilities. HERA provided Treasury and the newly formed Federal Housing Finance Agency ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module D: Treasury’S Gse Mbs Purchase Program, Michael Zanger-Tishler, Rosalind Z. Wiggins 2021 Harvard University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module D: Treasury’S Gse Mbs Purchase Program, Michael Zanger-Tishler, Rosalind Z. Wiggins

Journal of Financial Crises

As the housing crisis escalated during the second half of 2007, two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), occupied an increasingly central role in the secondary mortgage market, purchasing a greater percentage of new mortgages as private securitization rapidly contracted. As their importance in this market grew, the two GSEs also began to suffer billion-dollar losses, inciting concerns that they might not be able to stay solvent throughout the remainder of the crisis. On September 6, 2008, fearing the systemic consequences of the two firms’ failures, the ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac-Module B: Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements, Daniel Thompson 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac-Module B: Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements, Daniel Thompson

Journal of Financial Crises

On September 6, 2008, as part of a four-part government intervention, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) took into conservatorship the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that dominated the US secondary mortgage market. Concurrently, the FHFA, as conservator, entered into Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreements (SPSPAs) with Treasury, under which Treasury committed to provide funding to ensure the GSEs’ positive net worth. In return, Treasury received senior preferred stock and a warrant to purchase 79.9% of the GSEs’ common stock. The SPSPAs have been amended ...


The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module A: The Conservatorships, Daniel Thompson, Rosalind Z. Wiggins 2021 Yale University

The Rescue Of Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac – Module A: The Conservatorships, Daniel Thompson, Rosalind Z. Wiggins

Journal of Financial Crises

Two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), dominated the secondary mortgage market during the US housing crisis, collectively holding or guaranteeing $5.3 trillion in mortgage assets by late 2007. As the crisis escalated, the two GSEs began to report substantial losses and their survival became uncertain. On September 6, 2008, the GSEs’ new regulator, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), placed the firms into indefinite conservatorships, one step of a four-part government intervention to stabilize the enterprises. This case study evaluates the purpose and efficacy of ...


Preview—Yellen V. Confederated Tribes Of The Chehalis Reservation: Whether Alaska Native Corporations Are Eligible For Cares Act Relief Payments, Allison Barnwell 2021 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Preview—Yellen V. Confederated Tribes Of The Chehalis Reservation: Whether Alaska Native Corporations Are Eligible For Cares Act Relief Payments, Allison Barnwell

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Supreme Court of the United States will hear oral arguments in this matter on Monday, April 19, 2021, telephonically, at 10 a.m. Solicitor General Elizabeth B. Prelogar will likely argue for the United States Department of Treasury. Paul D. Clement will likely appear for the Petitioner Alaska Native Village Corporation Association. Riyaz A. Kanji will likely argue for the Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis, and Jeffrey S. Rasmussen will likely appear for the Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation.


Preview— Montana And Wyoming V. Washington: The Commerce Clause And The Clean Water Act Collide Over Coal Exports, Rachel L. Wagner 2021 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Preview— Montana And Wyoming V. Washington: The Commerce Clause And The Clean Water Act Collide Over Coal Exports, Rachel L. Wagner

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Supreme Court of the United States has not scheduled oral arguments for this matter. In October 2020, the Court asked for the federal government’s views on the case but has not yet decided whether it will exercise its jurisdiction over the challenge.


Retroactivity In Administrative Decisions In U.A.E. (Theoretical & Applied Study) By Farouk El Arabi, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

Retroactivity In Administrative Decisions In U.A.E. (Theoretical & Applied Study) By Farouk El Arabi

Journal Sharia and Law

The study deals with retroactivity in administrative decisions in U.A.E. It encompasses three parameters; first retroactivity in law, second retroactivity in administrative decisions, the third parameter concerns retroactivity according to legislature applied in U.A.E. The first parameter acts as an introduction to the next two which comprises the main issues in this study. The first parameter briefly discusses the principles of non-retroactivity of laws and whether legislature may overlook this principle. The second parameter categorizes administrative decisions. Into individual and organizational, the latter being subdivided into revealing and institutional laws. The effect of this subdivision on ...


Administrative Law In The Automated State, Cary Coglianese 2021 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Administrative Law In The Automated State, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In the future, administrative agencies will rely increasingly on digital automation powered by machine learning algorithms. Can U.S. administrative law accommodate such a future? Not only might a highly automated state readily meet longstanding administrative law principles, but the responsible use of machine learning algorithms might perform even better than the status quo in terms of fulfilling administrative law’s core values of expert decision-making and democratic accountability. Algorithmic governance clearly promises more accurate, data-driven decisions. Moreover, due to their mathematical properties, algorithms might well prove to be more faithful agents of democratic institutions. Yet even if an automated ...


د. شمس مرغني علي فراج - العرف الإداري كمصدر للأعمال الإدارية, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

د. شمس مرغني علي فراج - العرف الإداري كمصدر للأعمال الإدارية

Journal Sharia and Law

من الملاحظ أن الحروب العالمية قد خلفت دفعاً كبيراً نحو الاشتراكية فظهرت ضرورة تدخل الحكومات، بسبب ما جد بعدها من أزمات اقتصادية واجتماعية وفكرية في الدولي وما ترتب على كل ذلك من تطاحن القوى المحتلفة في الدولة وخطر قويها على ضعيفها وكان من مظاهر ذلك الاتجاه أباح مجلس الدولة الفرنسي تدخل البلديات في ميدان العمل الاقتصادي وعرف باسم الاستراكلية البلدية ولكن الإدارة لم تنول إلى مستوى الأفراد كما هو في انجلترا

من هنا برزت أهمية دراسة العرف كمصدر للأعمال الإدارية وخصوصاً في دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة باعتبار أن التشريع وليد حديث نسبياً وأن القانون الإداري وليد غض الأطراف، لين الجانب ...


The Scammer And The Charlatan: Regulating Health Fraudsters In The Time Of Covid-19, Brittany M. Riehm 2021 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

The Scammer And The Charlatan: Regulating Health Fraudsters In The Time Of Covid-19, Brittany M. Riehm

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Americans With Disabilities Act's Title Iii Public Accommodations And Its Application To Web Accessibility And Telemedicine, Priya Elayath 2021 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Americans With Disabilities Act's Title Iii Public Accommodations And Its Application To Web Accessibility And Telemedicine, Priya Elayath

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Secrets, Secrets Are No Fun: Issues Of Publication Under The Foia Reading Room Provision, Kristen Daly 2021 Boston College Law School

Secrets, Secrets Are No Fun: Issues Of Publication Under The Foia Reading Room Provision, Kristen Daly

Boston College Law Review

What do teenagers, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Coca-Cola Company have in common? Secrets. Social movements for less government secrecy have led to the implementation of mechanisms that ensure public distribution of information. One of these mechanisms is the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). President Lyndon B. Johnson, when signing the FOIA, stated that “freedom of information is so vital that only the national security, not the desire of public officials or private collectors, should determine when it must be restricted.” It is therefore unsurprising that the FOIA provides a judicial remedy for when information has been improperly withheld ...


Where's The Meat? A Constitutional Analysis Of Arkansas's Law Prohibiting The Use Of "Meat" Terms On Plant-And Cell-Based Products, Christy Wyatt 2021 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Where's The Meat? A Constitutional Analysis Of Arkansas's Law Prohibiting The Use Of "Meat" Terms On Plant-And Cell-Based Products, Christy Wyatt

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Potus And Pot: Why The President Could Not Legalize Marijuana Through Executive Action, Robert Mikos 2021 Vanderbilt University

Potus And Pot: Why The President Could Not Legalize Marijuana Through Executive Action, Robert Mikos

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Where's The Beef?: A Guide To Judges On Preemption Of State Tort Litigation Involving Branded Drugs, Victor E. Schwartz, Christopher E. Appel 2021 Shook, Hardy & Bacon, LLP

Where's The Beef?: A Guide To Judges On Preemption Of State Tort Litigation Involving Branded Drugs, Victor E. Schwartz, Christopher E. Appel

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Jordanian Public Employee And The Right Join Political Parties- حق الموظف الأردني في الانتماء الحزبي, Prof. Ali Khattar Shatnawi 2021 Faculty of Law, Jordan - Jerash University

The Jordanian Public Employee And The Right Join Political Parties- حق الموظف الأردني في الانتماء الحزبي, Prof. Ali Khattar Shatnawi

Journal Sharia and Law

Establishing political parties was banned in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan during the period 1975 to 1992. During this period, joining a hid den party by a public employee was considered as a behavior al breach leading to disciplinary action, which was at that time, termination of the employee's services in accordance with martial law No 4/1970.

In 1992 Political Parties Law No 32/1992 was released which gave public employees the right to establish political parties and to join existing ones. Some categories have been exempted from this right such as Judges, Military Men and Security Departments ...


The New Managerialism: Courts, Positive Duties, And Economic And Social Rights, Katharine G. Young 2021 Boston College Law School

The New Managerialism: Courts, Positive Duties, And Economic And Social Rights, Katharine G. Young

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

An inseparable component of liberal constitutionalism is the respect accorded to so-called negative rights, which rest on duties of government restraint. But just as governments must have their hands tied, in this model, they must also work to secure rights, by actively and effectively planning, regulating, budgeting, and monitoring. These positive duties are particularly pronounced for so-called positive rights, which guarantee access to goods, services and opportunities such as social security, education, health care, land, food, water, sanitation, or to a clean environment. Of course, it is clear that so-called negative rights require both duties of commission and restraint; just ...


The Role Of Administrative Law In Defining The Real Source Of Disputed Order, Dr.Ali Khattar Shatnawi 2021 Faculty of Law, Jordan - Jerash University

The Role Of Administrative Law In Defining The Real Source Of Disputed Order, Dr.Ali Khattar Shatnawi

Journal Sharia and Law

Job authority is considered an important and fundamental factor in issuing administrative orders. No employee or other administrative party has the right to take a decision (administrative order) unless legally authorized. The researcher has chosen this topic to focus on the importance of Job Authority in issuing administrative orders.

The research is split into three topics:

1. Definition of Job Authority

  1. Sources of Job Authority
  2. The necessity that the authorized party performs his authorities solely.

The researcher supported his study with a number of court decisions in an attempt to link each subject with whatever is happening in real life ...


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