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13,380 full-text articles. Page 1 of 231.

How Context Shapes The Authority Of International Courts, Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer, Mikael Rask Madsen 2016 Duke Law School

How Context Shapes The Authority Of International Courts, Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer, Mikael Rask Madsen

Faculty Scholarship

This article provides a novel and provocative framework to assess the varied authority of international courts (ICs). We generate practicable metric that assesses de facto IC authority according to a conjunctive standard — the recognition of an obligation to comply with IC rulings, and the engagement in meaningful actions that push toward giving full effect to IC rulings. We then identify five possible types of IC authority — no authority in fact, narrow, intermediate, extensive, and public authority — that correspond to the different audiences for IC rulings. The goal of this metric is to help the contributors to a symposium on ICs ...


The International Politics Of Climate Engineering: A Review And Prospectus For International Relations, Joshua B. Horton, Jesse L. Reynolds 2016 Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, USA

The International Politics Of Climate Engineering: A Review And Prospectus For International Relations, Joshua B. Horton, Jesse L. Reynolds

Jesse Reynolds

An emerging set of proposed technologies to reduce risks from climate change stands to dramatically alter the international politics of climate change and potentially much more. These large-scale intentional interventions in natural systems, typically called ‘climate engineering’ or ‘geoengineering’, may be able to break through the collective action problem of greenhouse gas emissions cuts and greatly reduce climate risks rapidly and at low cost. At the same time, they pose their own environmental and social risks while potentially turning international climate politics ‘upside down’. Tensions brought about by climate engineering could conceivably lead to international conflict and pose a threat ...


The Commander In Chief's Authority To Combat Climate Change, Mark P. Nevitt 2015 SelectedWorks

The Commander In Chief's Authority To Combat Climate Change, Mark P. Nevitt

Mark P Nevitt

Climate change is the world’s greatest environmental threat. It also is increasingly understood as a threat to domestic and international peace and security. In recognition of this threat, the President has taken the initiative to prepare for climate change’s impact – in some cases drawing sharp objections from Congress. While both the President and Congress have constitutional authorities to address the national security threat posed by climate change, the precise contours of their overlapping powers are not clear. As Commander in Chief, the President has the constitutional authority to repel sudden attacks and take care that the laws are ...


The Power Of The Body: Analyzing The Corporeal Logic Of Law And Social Change In The Arab Spring, Zeina Jallad, Zeina Jallad 2015 Columbia University

The Power Of The Body: Analyzing The Corporeal Logic Of Law And Social Change In The Arab Spring, Zeina Jallad, Zeina Jallad

Zeina Jallad

The Power of the Body:

Analyzing the Logic of Law and Social Change in the Arab Spring

Abstract:

Under conditions of extreme social and political injustice - when human rights are under the most threat - rational arguments rooted in the language of human rights are often unlikely to spur reform or to ensure government adherence to citizens’ rights. When those entrusted with securing human dignity, rights, and freedoms fail to do so, and when other actors—such as human rights activists, international institutions, and social movements—fail to engage the levers of power to eliminate injustice, then oppressed and even quotidian ...


Gustavo GutiéRrez – Liberation Theology & Marxism, Todd Cameron Swathwood Jr 2015 Liberty University

Gustavo GutiéRrez – Liberation Theology & Marxism, Todd Cameron Swathwood Jr

The Kabod

Since 1968, liberation theology has emerged as a prominent feature of religion and politics, particularly in South America. Originally stemming from the writings of Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez, this at-once theological and overtly political ideology decries the institutionalized violence of the world’s capitalist society on the poor and oppressed, and argues that God is particularly concerned with the plight of the suffering masses. Christians should therefore make assistance of these poor souls their highest priority, and advocate for any and all methods of alleviating suffering, especially those that work from the premise that society must be toppled and ...


Nanotechnology And The Future Of The Law Of Weaponry, Hitoshi Nasu 2015 U.S. Naval War College

Nanotechnology And The Future Of The Law Of Weaponry, Hitoshi Nasu

International Law Studies

Novel applications of nanotechnology for military purposes are expected to have a transformative impact on the way in which wars can be fought in the future battlespace, with the potential to drive changes to the law of weaponry. This article considers the potential of military applications of nanotechnology to bring changes to the existing principles and rules of weapons law. It specifically focuses on the likelihood that more sophisticated, miniaturized and tailored weapons and weapon systems will be produced that enable mechanical precision of targeting with no or few civilian casualties.


Emerging Technology And Perfidy In Armed Conflict, Ian Henderson, Jordan den Dulk, Angeline Lewis 2015 U.S. Naval War College

Emerging Technology And Perfidy In Armed Conflict, Ian Henderson, Jordan Den Dulk, Angeline Lewis

International Law Studies

The rule against perfidy in armed conflict—one of the last echoes of honor and social order of war—is threatened by emerging technologies. Specifically, the employment of emerging technologies has muddied the already thin and grey line between acts which contravene the honor of warfare and legitimate ruses of war. In this article, the authors analyze perfidy, treachery and ruses of war as key concepts of international humanitarian law and consider their application to emerging technologies.


Using Occam’S Razor To Solve International Attorney-Client Privilege Choice Of Law Issues: An Old Solution To A New Problem, Nathan M. Crystal, Francesca Giannoni-Crystal 2015 Charleston Law School

Using Occam’S Razor To Solve International Attorney-Client Privilege Choice Of Law Issues: An Old Solution To A New Problem, Nathan M. Crystal, Francesca Giannoni-Crystal

Nathan M. Crystal

The practice of law is increasingly becoming “delocalized.” Globalization and the use of technology are two important factors in this fundamental change in practice. Delocalization is affecting almost all areas of practice, including issues involving attorney-client privilege (ACP).

To some extent the choice-of-law rules governing ACP are also – like other fields of the law - being “delocalized,” but in our view only partially. This paper discusses six approaches to choice of law issues governing ACP that are being used by the courts. Aside from the traditional lex loci approach (which simply applies the law of the forum to the claim of ...


The Empire Can Still Strike Back: U.S. National Security Advantages Of An International Code Of Conduct For Outer Space Activities, W. Matthew Wilson 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The Empire Can Still Strike Back: U.S. National Security Advantages Of An International Code Of Conduct For Outer Space Activities, W. Matthew Wilson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Pirates Or Privateers: Examining The Risks Of Conflicting International Regimes Through The Lens Of U.S.-Gambling, Eric A. Heath 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Pirates Or Privateers: Examining The Risks Of Conflicting International Regimes Through The Lens Of U.S.-Gambling, Eric A. Heath

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Gravitating Toward Sensible Resolutions: The Pca Optional Rules For The Arbitration Of Disputes Relating To Outer Space Activity, Caroline Arbaugh 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Gravitating Toward Sensible Resolutions: The Pca Optional Rules For The Arbitration Of Disputes Relating To Outer Space Activity, Caroline Arbaugh

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


First Contact: Establishing Jurisdiction Over Activities In Outer Space, Brian Abrams 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

First Contact: Establishing Jurisdiction Over Activities In Outer Space, Brian Abrams

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Right To An Exclusively Religious Education--The Ultra-Orthodox Community In Israel In Comparative Perspective, Gila Stopler 2015 Academic Center of Law and Business, Israel

The Right To An Exclusively Religious Education--The Ultra-Orthodox Community In Israel In Comparative Perspective, Gila Stopler

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Understanding Disability Under The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities And Its Impact On International Refugee And Asylum Law, Vandana Peterson 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Understanding Disability Under The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities And Its Impact On International Refugee And Asylum Law, Vandana Peterson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Sentencing Legacy Of The Special Court For Sierra Leone, Shahram Dana 2015 Griffith Law School, Griffith University

The Sentencing Legacy Of The Special Court For Sierra Leone, Shahram Dana

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Table Of Contents, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Eu's Human Rights Obligations Towards Distant Strangers, Aravind Ganesh 2015 The Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law

The Eu's Human Rights Obligations Towards Distant Strangers, Aravind Ganesh

Aravind Ganesh

The EU has perfect human rights obligations towards distant strangers. My argument has two limbs: Firstly, in numerous policy areas, the EU asserts jurisdiction via ‘territorial extension’, which combines territorially limited enforcement jurisdiction with a claim of geographically unbounded prescriptive jurisdiction. Doctrinally, this strongly resembles the Lotus principle, and viewed analytically, amounts to a claim not just of power but of political authority. Thus, the EU creates not just factual effects, but legal effects abroad. Secondly, assertions of political authority, even if only de facto, give rise to perfect human rights obligations. I illustrate this by reference to the Strasbourg ...


The Chamber Of Secrets: The Repudiation Of The Isds, Emanuela A. Matei 2015 Lund University

The Chamber Of Secrets: The Repudiation Of The Isds, Emanuela A. Matei

Emanuela A. Matei

The unlawfulness of the intra-EU BITs, the experiences of the new Member States unremittingly involved in investor-to state disputes and the tumultuous debates during the T-TIP negotiations are first and foremost examined from a legal perspective underlining the clash between a system designed for preferential treatment and the EU legal order based on the prohibition of discrimination. The ISDS clause represents an attribute of procedural inequality, which is furthermore convoluted by the constitutional structure of the Union i.e. the strictly limited access of private persons to supranational courts.

This article enlarges the scope of the review of incompatibility by ...


Conditions In U.S. Treaty Practice: New Data And Insights Into A Growing Phenomenon, Cindy G. Buys 2015 Southern Illinois University School of Law

Conditions In U.S. Treaty Practice: New Data And Insights Into A Growing Phenomenon, Cindy G. Buys

Cindy G. Buys

The U.S. Senate often adds various types of conditions, also known as reservations, understandings, and declarations, to its advice and consent to multilateral treaties. The ability to add conditions to a treaty likely increases the number of States willing to join a treaty because it allows States to modify their treaty obligations to address domestic concerns. However, the use of conditions also has the potential to undermine the integrity of the treaty by allowing States to opt out of important legal obligations and to create legal uncertainty regarding treaty obligations and relationships. This article examines U.S. treaty practice ...


Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil

Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra

Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

With the changes in the paradigm of voluntarism developed under the protection of liberalism, the bases for legal acts have reached an objective dimension, resulting in the birth of a number of mechanisms of control of private autonomy. Among these mechanisms, we can point out the relevance of those reinforced by the Roman Law, whose high ethical value underlines one of its biggest virtues in the control of the exercise of subjective rights. The prohibition of inconsistent behavior, conceived in the brocard venire contra factum proprium, constitutes one of the concepts from the Roman Law renown for the protection of ...


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