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Beyond Geneva: Detainee Review Processes In Non-International Armed Conflict—A U.S. Perspective, Ryan J. Vogel 2019 Utah Valley University

Beyond Geneva: Detainee Review Processes In Non-International Armed Conflict—A U.S. Perspective, Ryan J. Vogel

International Law Studies

The need for detainee review in non-international armed conflict has never been more imperative. Yet, the law of armed conflict is almost completely silent on the subject. Although the law may not require States to conduct detainee review processes in non-international armed conflict, the spirit of the law encourages it, and States—particularly the United States—have begun to see utility in the development and implementation of such review processes. The object of this article is to identify an appropriate framework for detainee review, examine relevant U.S. state practice, and provide practical guidelines for implementing processes to review the ...


Developing The Principle Of Non-Recognition, Adam Saltzman J.D. 2019 Yale Law School

Developing The Principle Of Non-Recognition, Adam Saltzman J.D.

Ohio Northern University Law Review

In an attempt to ensure enforcement of law, international bodies have developed a practice of collective non-recognition in response to serious violations of international law. This Article seeks to bring some clarity to the practice of non-recognition. Through analysis of International Court of Justice cases and State practice, the Article demonstrates a legally binding, but not acknowledged shift in the law that governs non-recognition. Then, moving beyond strict legal analysis, the Article expresses policy concerns with the current legal status of the obligation and proposes how States should legally respond.


The Popular But Unlawful Armed Reprisal, Mary Ellen O'Connell 2019 University of Notre Dame Law School

The Popular But Unlawful Armed Reprisal, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Ohio Northern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Conceptual And Comparative Analysis Of The Obligations Of Third-Party Certifiers, Jan De Bruyne 2019 Ghent University Law School

A Conceptual And Comparative Analysis Of The Obligations Of Third-Party Certifiers, Jan De Bruyne

Ohio Northern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Future Of The Federal Common Law Of Foreign Relations, Ingrid Wuerth 2019 Selected Works

The Future Of The Federal Common Law Of Foreign Relations, Ingrid Wuerth

Ingrid Wuerth

The federal common law of foreign relations has been in decline for decades. The field was built in part on the claim that customary international law is federal common law and in part on the claim that federal judges should displace state law when they conclude that it poses difficulties for U.S. foreign relations. Today, however, customary international law is generally applied based upon the implied intentions of Congress, rather than its free-standing status as federal common law, and judicial evaluation of foreign policy problems has largely been replaced by reliance upon presidential or congressional action, or by standard ...


Dogs Of War Get A New Lease On Life: Why The Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act Violates The Eighth Amendment In Light Of United States V. Slatten, Michael D. Stinnett-Kassoff 2019 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Dogs Of War Get A New Lease On Life: Why The Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act Violates The Eighth Amendment In Light Of United States V. Slatten, Michael D. Stinnett-Kassoff

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

The United States has relied on Private Military Firms (PMFs) extensively to carry out its numerous overseas military missions since the end of the Cold War. Civilians and contractors have always had a place in American wars, even during the American Revolution and beyond. But the recent American incursions into Afghanistan and Iraq brought an unprecedented number of private contractors into the forefront of these conflict zones, the discussions surrounding them, and the legal questions arising from their ashes. Particularly, private contractors in Iraq seemed to be operating in a legal grey area—they clearly were not soldiers, and they ...


Data Exclusivities In The Age Of Big Data, Biologics, And Plurilaterals, Peter K. Yu 2019 Texas A&M University School of Law

Data Exclusivities In The Age Of Big Data, Biologics, And Plurilaterals, Peter K. Yu

Peter K. Yu

The past decade has seen many new developments impacting the intellectual property system. The introduction of big data analytics has transformed the fields of biotechnology and bioinformatics while ushering in major advances in drug development, clinical practices, and medical financing. The arrival of biologics and personalized medicines has also revolutionized the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. In addition, the emergence of bilateral, regional, and plurilateral trade agreements have raised serious, and at times difficult, questions concerning the evolution of domestic and international intellectual property standards.

One topic linking all three developments together concerns the establishment of international standards to protect clinical ...


Gender And Religious Dress At The European Court Of Human Rights: A Comparison Of Șahin V. Turkey And Arslan V. Turkey, Bronwyn Roantree 2019 Fordham University School of Law

Gender And Religious Dress At The European Court Of Human Rights: A Comparison Of Șahin V. Turkey And Arslan V. Turkey, Bronwyn Roantree

Fordham Law Review Online

This paper examines the regulation of the religious dress of men and women in two decisions by the European Court of Human Rights: Şahin v. Turkey and Arslan v. Turkey. In Şahin, the Court upheld a ban on the wearing of the Islamic headscarf, an article of clothing worn exclusively by women, at a public university. In Arslan, the Court rejected a ban on the wearing of a type of religious uniform worn only by men who were members of a politically subversive Islamic group. In both cases, the Court asserted that its decision was necessary to protect ...


Comparative Perspectives Of Adult Content Filtering: Legal Challenges And Implications, Adam Szafranski, Piotr Szwedo and Malgorzata Klein 2019 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Comparative Perspectives Of Adult Content Filtering: Legal Challenges And Implications, Adam Szafranski, Piotr Szwedo And Malgorzata Klein

Catholic University Law Review

The internet is virtually ubiquitous and is becoming more accessible to young people all over the world. Along with the many benefits it brings, the internet poses serious risks to the human rights of its most vulnerable users, viz. children. The United Kingdom, Poland and the U.S. State of Utah have already started to mitigate this risk through a variety of regulatory mechanisms. A priori, both self-regulation and hard law can satisfy international requirements on freedom of services and freedom of expression, but each requires careful scrutiny. Neither self-regulation nor soft law appear to be sufficient. It would seem ...


Transboundary Wildlife Laws And Trafficking: The Plight Of The African Elephant In Malawi And The Need For International Cooperation, Emily Schenning 2019 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Transboundary Wildlife Laws And Trafficking: The Plight Of The African Elephant In Malawi And The Need For International Cooperation, Emily Schenning

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Stm In The Nature Of International Space Law, Yu Takeuchi 2019 JAXA/Keio University

Stm In The Nature Of International Space Law, Yu Takeuchi

Space Traffic Management Conference

The discussion regarding STM has been accelerated due to the US policy decision of taking the lead of international discussion in Space Policy Directive 3 (SPD3). It is necessary to solve the following 3 issues to install STM in global sphere; the SSA data sharing; space debris mitigation management; and traffic management regulations.

This paper will be focusing on the 3rd issue, traffic management regulations, and firstly describe the reason of inherent reluctance of States to control the outer space based on the fundamental principle of international space law. The States sovereignty is always the dominant in the territorial ...


Third-Party Funding In Investment Arbitration: Misappropriation Of Access To Justice Rhetoric By Global Speculative Finance, Tara Santosuosso, Randall Scarlett 2019 Boston College Law School

Third-Party Funding In Investment Arbitration: Misappropriation Of Access To Justice Rhetoric By Global Speculative Finance, Tara Santosuosso, Randall Scarlett

Boston College Law Review

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) is considering changes to its rules governing international arbitration proceedings. UNCITRAL Working Group III is analyzing possible reforms of the arbitral rules to address the risks associated with the increased prevalence of third-party funded investment arbitration claims. Funders claim that existing regulation is sufficient, arguing in part that funding provides access to justice for impecunious claimants who otherwise would be unable to bring claims. This Essay argues that funders’ access to justice reasoning is flawed at best and dangerously misleading at worst. UNCITRAL must take immediate action to address the potential ...


The Time Has Come For A Universal Water Tribunal, Tarek Majzoub, Fabienne Quilleré-Majzoub 2019 Sagesse University, Beirut, Lebanon

The Time Has Come For A Universal Water Tribunal, Tarek Majzoub, Fabienne Quilleré-Majzoub

Pace Environmental Law Review

Since its inception in 1981, the International Water Tribunal has emerged as a non-governmental body with a multidisciplinary composition and a mandate based on conventional and customary international water law, which holds public hearings in order to address water-related complaints. This Article describes the historical background of the proposed Universal Water Tribunal (“UWT”) and significant difficulties on the horizon facing the proposed Tribunal (including political, practical, and legal-technical considerations). It then summarizes the key factors of such Tribunal and, finally, touches upon the proposed model based on an expanded concept of jurisdiction. The main underlying thesis is that, whereas the ...


Protecting Due Process During Terrorism Adjudications: Redefining "Crimes Against Humanity" And Eliminating The Doctrine Of Complimentary Jurisdiction In Favor Of The International Criminal Court, Daniel N. Clay 2019 Elmira College

Protecting Due Process During Terrorism Adjudications: Redefining "Crimes Against Humanity" And Eliminating The Doctrine Of Complimentary Jurisdiction In Favor Of The International Criminal Court, Daniel N. Clay

Arkansas Law Review

“When we sit in judgment we are holding ourselves out as people—as the kind of a community—that are worthy of this task. It is the seriousness, the gravity, of the act of judgment which gives rise to our legitimate and laudable emphasis on procedural fairness and substantive accuracy in criminal procedure. But these things focus on the defendant—the one judged. I am concerned about us who would presume to sit in judgment. Who are we that we should do this? Whether we intend to do so or not, we answer this question in part through the way ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley 2019 Penn State Law

Bridging The Gap Between Daca And The Dream: The Bridge Act, What It Means, And Why It Matters, Ellen E. Findley

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd 2019 Penn State Law

Clarity In The Code Du Travail: The Plain Language Movement, French Legislative Drafting, And President Macron’S Collective Bargaining Reform, Adam Boyd

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Although the French Code is known as concise and elegant, the French Labor Code, or the Code du Travail, is not.1 Recent reform to the Code du Travail provides a chance to study Plain Language use in France in 2017. This Comment briefly introduces what Plain Language is, its goal of making the law easier to read, and the international movement to implement Plain Language legal reforms. The Comment then introduces a summary of the French legal system relevant to discussion of the Code du Travail, including how legislation is passed and the structure of a French statute. Next ...


“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner 2019 Penn State Law

“One Is The Loneliest Number”: A Comparison Of Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And The United Kingdom, Daniella Johner

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls 2019 Penn State Law

American Immigration: A Path Of Return To A Pre-Modern Ideal Of Open Immigration Policy, Zachary J. Carls

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, SC 2019 Penn State Law

The Mystery Of The Corporate Veil: Comparing Anglo-American Jurisdictions, Peter N. Levenberg, Sc

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


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