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Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola 2016 Rowan University

Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola

D.J. Angelone

The present study attempted to develop a laboratory analogue for the study of tolerance for sexual harassment by using an online speed-dating paradigm. In that context, the relation between participants’ sexual harassment attitudes, perpetrator attractiveness, perpetrator status, and perceived dating potential of the perpetrator were examined as factors influencing participants’ tolerance of sexually harassing behavior. Participants were 128 female college students from a small northeastern public university. Results indicated that attractiveness, high social status, and attitudinal beliefs about sexual harassment were all predictive of tolerance for sexual harassment, providing preliminary support for the validity of this paradigm. In addition, participants ...


Design And Deviance: Patent As Symbol, Rhetoric As Metric (Parts 1 And 2), Charles E. Colman 2016 NYU School of Law

Design And Deviance: Patent As Symbol, Rhetoric As Metric (Parts 1 And 2), Charles E. Colman

Charles Colman

This project, initially published as a two-part series of articles entitled 'Design and Deviance: Patent as Symbol, Rhetoric as Metric,' reveals the unrecognized power of gender and sexuality norms in the deep discourse of pivotal American case law on design patents.

In Part 1, I argue that late nineteenth-century cultural developments in the urban Northeast gave rise to a stigma surrounding the "ornamental" and "decorative" works under the then-exclusive purview of design-patent protection. Among the politically dominant segments of American society, the creation, appreciation, and consumption of design "for its own sake" grew increasingly intertwined with notions of decadence, effeminacy ...


Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Child Marriage In Yemen: A Violation Of International Law, Elizabeth Verner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Diversity In The Boardroom: A Content Analysis Of Corporate Proxy Disclosures, Aaron A. Dhir 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School

Diversity In The Boardroom: A Content Analysis Of Corporate Proxy Disclosures, Aaron A. Dhir

Aaron A. Dhir

My work in this field has focused on regulation by quota and regulation by disclosure. With regard to quotas, strikingly, the Norwegian law is not located in regulation that explicitly deals with human rights or equality issues; rather, it is found in the heart of the legal regime that gives life and personality to corporations – in Norwegian corporate law. I have conducted qualitative, interview-based research with Norwegian corporate directors, both men and women. It is only through understanding how the goals of the law have translated into the day-to-day existence of these individuals that we can begin to consider the ...


Employment Discrimination: Have The Federal Courts Reached A Consensus On How To Interpret Title Vii Claims Alleged By Plaintiffs Who Identify As Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Or Transgender?, Larkin Nicholas 2016 American University Washington College of Law

Employment Discrimination: Have The Federal Courts Reached A Consensus On How To Interpret Title Vii Claims Alleged By Plaintiffs Who Identify As Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Or Transgender?, Larkin Nicholas

Labor & Employment Law Forum

No abstract provided.


Marriage, Abortion And Coming Out, Sylvia A. Law, Scott Skinner-Thompson, Hugh Baran 2016 NYU School of Law

Marriage, Abortion And Coming Out, Sylvia A. Law, Scott Skinner-Thompson, Hugh Baran

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Over the past two decades, legal protections for lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals have dramatically expanded. Simultaneously, meaningful access to reproductive choice for women has been eroded. What accounts for the different trajectories of LGBTQ rights and reproductive rights?

This Essay argues that one explanation — or at least partial explanation — for the advance of LGBTQ rights relative to reproductive rights is the differing degree to which individuals have come out about their experiences with sexuality compared to coming out about experiences with unplanned pregnancies. In particular, as catalogued in this Essay, popular media portrayals of lesbian and gay individuals have ...


Religious Freedom In Faith Based Educational Institutions In The Wake Of Obergefell V. Hodges: Believers Beware, Charles J. Russo 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

Religious Freedom In Faith Based Educational Institutions In The Wake Of Obergefell V. Hodges: Believers Beware, Charles J. Russo

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Probable Cause To Protect Children: The Connection Between Child Molestation And Child Pornography, Nicholas Pisegna 2016 Boston College Law School

Probable Cause To Protect Children: The Connection Between Child Molestation And Child Pornography, Nicholas Pisegna

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The federal Circuit Courts of Appeal are divided regarding whether probable cause to search for evidence of child molestation provides probable cause to search for child pornography. This Note examines the relationship among the decisions of the Circuit Courts of Appeal, delves into the empirical evidence regarding the relationship between child pornography and child molestation, and analyzes how the “flexible, non-technical” probable cause standard properly interacts with this relationship. In United States v. Colbert, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit concluded that, because of the “intuitive relationship” between child molestation and child pornography, a warrant to ...


No Place To Call Home: Rethinking Residency Restrictions For Sex Offenders, Gina Puls 2016 Boston College Law School

No Place To Call Home: Rethinking Residency Restrictions For Sex Offenders, Gina Puls

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Modern day sex offender legislation was first implemented in the early 1990s in response to a number of headline-grabbing incidents. Seeking to protect families and children, federal and state legislators passed regulations aimed at tracking, monitoring, and controlling released sex offenders. A key portion of these legislative developments include state and local level residency restrictions, which prevent sex offenders from living within an established distance—usually 1000 to 2500 feet—of various places where children gather, such as schools and daycare facilities. These laws have created enormous hardship for released sex offenders as they attempt to reintegrate into society, and ...


In And Out Behind The Desk - In And Out Of The Country, Kimberli Morris Kelmor 2016 Penn State Dickinson School of Law

In And Out Behind The Desk - In And Out Of The Country, Kimberli Morris Kelmor

Kimberli Kelmor

The author discusses her experiences as an "out" lesbian librarian, both in the United States and abroad.


The Stereotyped Offender: Domestic Violence And The Failure Of Intervention [Batterer Intervention Program (Bip) Standards Data, As Of 2015], Carolyn B. Ramsey 2016 University of Colorado Law School

The Stereotyped Offender: Domestic Violence And The Failure Of Intervention [Batterer Intervention Program (Bip) Standards Data, As Of 2015], Carolyn B. Ramsey

Research Data

These 19 comparative data tables relating to state and local certification standards for batterer intervention programs (BIPs), as of 2015, are electronic Appendices B-T to Carolyn B. Ramsey, The Stereotyped Offender: Domestic Violence and the Failure of Intervention, 120 Penn. St. L. Rev. 337 (2015). Appendix A is not reproduced here because it simply contains citations to the state and local standards, but it is published with the journal article.


The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.

Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...


The State Of The States: The Continuing Struggle To Criminalize Revenge Porn, 2016 Brigham Young University Law School

The State Of The States: The Continuing Struggle To Criminalize Revenge Porn

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


After Obergefell: Finding A Contemporary State Interest In Marriage, Kari E. Hong 2016 Boston College Law School

After Obergefell: Finding A Contemporary State Interest In Marriage, Kari E. Hong

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In June 2015, in Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court established that same-sex couples have a fundamental right to marry. The decision articulated a sweeping defense of marriage, specifically the dignity that the institution provides to its participants and the society as a whole. Many liberal critics have assailed this decision, citing concerns that the reification of marriage---and the tangible benefits of marriage---comes at the cost of disadvantaging non-marital families, a population equal to the number of those who marry. This essay is a counterintuitive attempt to realize that marriage can offer protections for vulnerable populations. Specifically, in the immigration ...


From Footnote To Footprint: Obergefell'S Call To Reconsider Immigration Law As Family Law, Kari E. Hong 2016 Boston College Law School

From Footnote To Footprint: Obergefell'S Call To Reconsider Immigration Law As Family Law, Kari E. Hong

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This chapter is an engagement with the Obergefell decision to suggest one way in which the decision’s articulation of the citizen’s relationship with the government (or ‘the State,’ as is the preferred nomenclature among some) is quite groundbreaking. American law—and American values—has a mythical and actual embrace of privacy as a valued and near-inviolable right. The belief that American citizens have a zone of privacy, a right to remain free from government intervention, has captured the imagination of both liberals and conservatives when embracing the rights to abortion, family planning, and gun ownership. However, instead of ...


After Obergefell: Finding A Contemporary State Interest In Marriage, Kari E. Hong 2016 Boston College Law School

After Obergefell: Finding A Contemporary State Interest In Marriage, Kari E. Hong

Kari E. Hong

In June 2015, in Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court established that same-sex couples have a fundamental right to marry. The decision articulated a sweeping defense of marriage, specifically the dignity that the institution provides to its participants and the society as a whole. Many liberal critics have assailed this decision, citing concerns that the reification of marriage ― and the tangible benefits of marriage ― comes at the cost of disadvantaging non-marital families, a population equal to the number of those who marry. This essay is a counterintuitive attempt to realize that marriage can offer protections for vulnerable populations. Specifically, in ...


From Footnote To Footprint: Obergefell'S Call To Reconsider Immigration Law As Family Law, Kari E. Hong 2016 Boston College Law School

From Footnote To Footprint: Obergefell'S Call To Reconsider Immigration Law As Family Law, Kari E. Hong

Kari E. Hong

This chapter is an engagement with the Obergefell decision to suggest one way in which the decision’s articulation of the citizen’s relationship with the government (or ‘the State,’ as is the preferred nomenclature among some) is quite groundbreaking. American law — and American values — has a mythical and actual embrace of privacy as a valued and near-inviolable right. The belief that American citizens have a zone of privacy, a right to remain free from government intervention, has captured the imagination of both liberals and conservatives when embracing the rights to abortion, family planning, and gun ownership. However, instead of ...


Speech Or Sex: The Porn Debate And American Politics, Abigail May Preston 2016 Dickinson College

Speech Or Sex: The Porn Debate And American Politics, Abigail May Preston

Honors Theses By Year

This project originated with what I perceived to be a great inconsistency in American law today: why is it illegal to perform sex acts for money in 49 of the 50 states unless one records the sex act and distributes it as pornography? The literal answer is a very short one: pornography is speech, and the right to free speech occupies a privileged position in American law and politics. Pornography has inspired intense debates spanning the disciplines of feminist theory, constitutional law, and political science, and the First Amendment enters into all of them at some point or another. This ...


An Overture To Equality: Preventing Subconscious Sex And Gender Biases From Influencing Hiring Decisions, Christy Krawietz 2016 Seattle University School of Law

An Overture To Equality: Preventing Subconscious Sex And Gender Biases From Influencing Hiring Decisions, Christy Krawietz

Seattle University Law Review

In many industries, women are less likely than men to be hired, and research suggests that this is due to subconscious gender bias rather than meritorious difference. To combat this bias, some orchestras use gender-blind auditions to hire their musicians. Orchestral hopefuls sit behind a screen to play their pieces, and directors listen to determine whom they want to hire. Some orchestras require applicants to remove their shoes before walking onstage, as even the perceived sound of high heels can affect a director’s decision. Before instituting gender-blind auditions, the top five American orchestras had fewer than five percent women ...


Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, Donna M. Hughes Dr. 2016 University of Rhode Island

Ri Should Target Sex Buyers, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

Men who buy sex----and they are only a small minority of men---are responsible for the crime of sex trafficking continuing to thrive. When sex traffickers find victims and coerce them into prostitution, they are serving the sex buyers, who pay them well for finding and marketing the victims to them.

For years, analysts have studied sex trafficking to determine the best way to combat this modern form of slavery. Today, a consensus is forming among advocates and law enforcement that to combat sex trafficking, the focus has to be on men who buy sex as much as on the pimps ...


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