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Mapping American Criminal Law An Exploration Of The Diversity Among The States: Ch. 20 Statutory Rape, Paul H. Robinson, Tyler Scot Williams 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mapping American Criminal Law An Exploration Of The Diversity Among The States: Ch. 20 Statutory Rape, Paul H. Robinson, Tyler Scot Williams

Faculty Scholarship

It is common for criminal law scholars from outside the United States to discuss the “American rule” and compare it to the rule of other countries. As this volume makes clear, however, there is no such thing as an “American rule.” Because each of the states, plus the District of Columbia and the federal system, have their own criminal law, there are fifty-two American criminal codes.

American criminal law scholars know this, of course, but they too commonly speak of the “general rule” as if it reflects some consensus or near consensus position among the states. But the truth is ...


Mapping American Criminal Law An Exploration Of The Diversity Among The States: Ch. 14 Insanity Defense, Paul H. Robinson, Tyler Scot Williams 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Mapping American Criminal Law An Exploration Of The Diversity Among The States: Ch. 14 Insanity Defense, Paul H. Robinson, Tyler Scot Williams

Faculty Scholarship

It is common for criminal law scholars from outside the United States to discuss the “American rule” and compare it to the rule of other countries. As this volume makes clear, however, there is no such thing as an “American rule.” Because each of the states, plus the District of Columbia and the federal system, have their own criminal law, there are fifty-two American criminal codes.

American criminal law scholars know this, of course, but they too commonly speak of the “general rule” as if it reflects some consensus or near consensus position among the states. But the truth is ...


Women, Migration, And Prostitution In Europe: Not A Sex Work Story, Anna Zobnina 2017 European Network of Migrant Women (ENoMW)

Women, Migration, And Prostitution In Europe: Not A Sex Work Story, Anna Zobnina

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Fighting Back Against Revenge Porn: A Legislative Solution, Alex Jacobs 2016 Northwestern University School of Law

Fighting Back Against Revenge Porn: A Legislative Solution, Alex Jacobs

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


The Dynamic Relationship Between Freedom Of Speech And Equality, Timothy Zick 2016 William & Mary Law School

The Dynamic Relationship Between Freedom Of Speech And Equality, Timothy Zick

Faculty Publications

This Article examines the dynamic intersection between freedom of speech and equal protection, with a particular focus on the race and LGBT equality movements. Unlike other works on expression and/or equality, the Article emphasizes the relational and bi-directional connections between freedom of speech and equal protection. Freedom of speech has played a critical role in terms of advancing constitutional equality. However, with regard to both race and LGBT equality, free speech rights also failed in important respects to facilitate equality claims and movements. Advocacy and agitation on behalf of equality rights have also left indelible positive and negative marks ...


Panel Vii: International And Comparative Perspectives Of Masculinities, Camille A. Nelson, Valorie K. Vojdik, Barbara Pozzo 2016 Suffolk University Law School

Panel Vii: International And Comparative Perspectives Of Masculinities, Camille A. Nelson, Valorie K. Vojdik, Barbara Pozzo

Camille Nelson

Moderator: Rachel J. Anderson

Panelists:
Camille A. Nelson: Sexuality without Borders: Exploring the Paradoxical Connection between Dancehall and Colonial Law in Jamaica
Valorie K. Vojdik: Masculinities, Feminism and the Turkish Headscarf Ban: Sahin Revisted
Barbara Pozzo: Masculinities Italian Style


Family Law And Gay And Lesbian Family Issues In The Twentieth Century, David L. Chambers, Nancy D. Polikoff 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Family Law And Gay And Lesbian Family Issues In The Twentieth Century, David L. Chambers, Nancy D. Polikoff

Nancy D. Polikoff

Over these thirty years, lesbians and gay men have increasingly challenged conventional definitions of marriage and the family. In this brief article, we tell the story of gay people and family law in the United States across this period. We divide our discussion into two sections: issues regarding the recognition of the same-sex couple relationship and issues regarding gay men and lesbians as parents. These issues overlap, of course, but since family law discussions commonly treat adult-adult issues of all sorts separately from parent-child issues, we believe it convenient and helpful to do so as well.


Punishing Sexual Fantasy, Andrew Gilden 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Punishing Sexual Fantasy, Andrew Gilden

William & Mary Law Review

The Internet has created unprecedented opportunities for adults and teenagers to explore their sexual identities, but it has also created new ways for the law to monitor and punish a diverse range of taboo sexual communication. A young mother loses custody of her two children due to sexually explicit Facebook conversations. A teenager is prosecuted for child pornography crimes after sending a naked selfie to her teenage boyfriend. An NYPD officer is convicted for conspiracy to kidnap several women based on conversations he had on a “dark fetish” fantasy website. In each of these cases, online sexual exploration and fantasy ...


The Origins Of The Transgender Phenomenon: The Challenge And Opportunity For Training Lawyers, Judges And Policy Makers In The Historicity Of Alfred Kinsey’S Pansexual Worldview, Judith Reisman 2016 Liberty University School of Law

The Origins Of The Transgender Phenomenon: The Challenge And Opportunity For Training Lawyers, Judges And Policy Makers In The Historicity Of Alfred Kinsey’S Pansexual Worldview, Judith Reisman

Faculty Publications and Presentations

How has the country gone from a “firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence” to where defining marriage as the union of one man and one woman is condemned as constitutionally irrational,and where the use of sex-separate private spaces by biological sex is subject to federal discrimination lawsuits?The answer can be traced to 1948 when Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey launched what was marketed then--and now--as the first “scientific” study of human sexuality.Indeed, Chief Judge of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, Richard Posner extols Kinsey’s study as the “high-water mark of descriptive sexology.”Influential law ...


It's About Money: The Fundamental Contradiction Of "Hobby Lobby", Nomi M. Stolzenberg 2016 USC Law School

It's About Money: The Fundamental Contradiction Of "Hobby Lobby", Nomi M. Stolzenberg

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This Article contends that arguments for and against Hobby Lobby both fail to comprehend the special nature of money. As a consequence, opponents of Hobby Lobby wrongly deny the existence of a substantial burden, while Hobby Lobby's supporters fail to see that the understanding of financial transactions that underlies their conception of complicity refutes their libertarian views. Financial complicity, as construed by Hobby Lobby's proponents, should be recognized as a burden on religious exercise. But for the same reason that the financial obligations imposed by the "contraceptive mandate" constitute a burden, they also correlate to countervailing state interests ...


Homosexuality - A New Ground For Annulment?, 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Homosexuality - A New Ground For Annulment?

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Invalidity Of Marriage By Reason Of Sexual Anomalies, Charles J. Ritty, J.C.L. 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Invalidity Of Marriage By Reason Of Sexual Anomalies, Charles J. Ritty, J.C.L.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Sexual Offenses - Legal And Moral Considerations, S. Oley Cutler, S.J. 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Sexual Offenses - Legal And Moral Considerations, S. Oley Cutler, S.J.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Retroactive Recognition Of Same-Sex Marriage For The Purposes Of The Confidential Marital Communications Privilege, Steven A. Young 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Retroactive Recognition Of Same-Sex Marriage For The Purposes Of The Confidential Marital Communications Privilege, Steven A. Young

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Two Laws Of Sex Stereotyping, Noa Ben-Asher 2016 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

The Two Laws Of Sex Stereotyping, Noa Ben-Asher

Boston College Law Review

This Article offers two main contributions to the study of sex stereotyping. First, it identifies an organizing principle that explains why some forms of sex stereotyping are today legally prohibited while others are not. Second, it argues for a shift in the current rights framework—from equal opportunity to individual liberty—that could assist courts and other legal actors to appreciate the harms of currently permissible forms of sex stereotyping. Commentators and courts have long observed that the law of sex stereotyping has many inconsistencies. For instance, it is lawful today for the state to require that unwed biological fathers ...


Underenforcement As Unequal Protection, Deborah Tuerkheimer 2016 Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law

Underenforcement As Unequal Protection, Deborah Tuerkheimer

Boston College Law Review

Rape law is largely underenforced. Yet criticism of policing practices has myopically focused on enforcement excesses, thus overlooking the problem of the state withholding protective resources. This neglect is particularly troubling where sexual violence is at issue. Empirical evidence demonstrates the operation of pervasive biases in police officers’ decisions not to pursue an investigation. Over time, law enforcement officers have discriminated against rape victims with immunity. Recently, however, this has changed. This Article is the first to describe a new effort by the United States Department of Justice to hold law enforcement officers accountable for failing to protect victims of ...


Sexual Anomalies And The Law, John R. Cavanagh 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Sexual Anomalies And The Law, John R. Cavanagh

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Regulating Lolicon: Toward Japanese Compliance With Its International Legal Obligations To Ban Virtual Child Pornography, Cory L. Takeuchi 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Regulating Lolicon: Toward Japanese Compliance With Its International Legal Obligations To Ban Virtual Child Pornography, Cory L. Takeuchi

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sovereignty Considerations And Social Change In The Wake Of India's Recent Sodomy Cases, Deepa Das Acevedo 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Sovereignty Considerations And Social Change In The Wake Of India's Recent Sodomy Cases, Deepa Das Acevedo

Faculty Scholarship

American constitutional law scholars have long questioned whether courts can really drive social reform, and this position remains largely unchallenged even in the wake of recent landmark decisions affecting the LGBT community. In contrast, court watchers in India — spurred by developments in a special type of legal action developed in the late 1970s known as “public interest litigation,” or “PIL” — have only recently begun questioning the judiciary’s ability to promote progressive social change. Indian scholarship on this point has veered between despair that PIL cases no longer reliably produce good outcomes for India’s most disadvantaged, and optimism that ...


Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola 2016 Rowan University

Tolerance Of Sexual Harassment: A Laboratory Paradigm, David J. Angelone, Damon Mitchell, Kara Carola

D.J. Angelone

The present study attempted to develop a laboratory analogue for the study of tolerance for sexual harassment by using an online speed-dating paradigm. In that context, the relation between participants’ sexual harassment attitudes, perpetrator attractiveness, perpetrator status, and perceived dating potential of the perpetrator were examined as factors influencing participants’ tolerance of sexually harassing behavior. Participants were 128 female college students from a small northeastern public university. Results indicated that attractiveness, high social status, and attitudinal beliefs about sexual harassment were all predictive of tolerance for sexual harassment, providing preliminary support for the validity of this paradigm. In addition, participants ...


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