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One Person, One Weighted Vote, Ashira Pelman Ostrow 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

One Person, One Weighted Vote, Ashira Pelman Ostrow

Florida Law Review

This Article argues that weighted voting should be used to comply with the constitutional one-person, one-vote requirement while preserving representation for political units on the legislative body. First, this Article demonstrates that weighted voting satisfies the quantitative one-person, one-vote requirement by equalizing the mathematic weight of each vote. Second, this Article demonstrates that weighted voting has the potential to remedy several negative consequences of equal- population districts. Specifically, this Article argues that by preserving local political boundaries, weighted voting eliminates the decennial redistricting process that gives rise to claims of partisan gerrymandering, enables local governments to function both as administrative ...


A New Era For Judicial Retention Elections: The Rise Of And Defense Against Unfair Political Attacks, Hon. Barbara J. Pariente, F. James Robinson Jr. 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

A New Era For Judicial Retention Elections: The Rise Of And Defense Against Unfair Political Attacks, Hon. Barbara J. Pariente, F. James Robinson Jr.

Florida Law Review

The judicial-merit selection and retention system for appointing judges to the bench was designed to emphasize selection based on the judge’s qualifications and to minimize the influence of partisanship and politics in both the selection and retention process. Since 2010, increasingly strident and frequent political attacks on state supreme court justices facing judicial-merit retention elections present real dangers to a fair and impartial judiciary. These attacks are inherently different from the challenges facing the judiciary in states where supreme court justices are selected in contested judicial elections, especially those states that have partisan elections. Recent judicial-merit retention elections of ...


One Person, One Weighted Vote, Ashira Pelman Ostrow 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

One Person, One Weighted Vote, Ashira Pelman Ostrow

Florida Law Review

This Article argues that weighted voting should be used to comply with the constitutional one-person, one-vote requirement while preserving representation for political units on the legislative body. First, this Article demonstrates that weighted voting satisfies the quantitative one-person, one-vote requirement by equalizing the mathematic weight of each vote. Second, this Article demonstrates that weighted voting has the potential to remedy several negative consequences of equal- population districts. Specifically, this Article argues that by preserving local political boundaries, weighted voting eliminates the decennial redistricting process that gives rise to claims of partisan gerrymandering, enables local governments to function both as administrative ...


A New Era For Judicial Retention Elections: The Rise Of And Defense Against Unfair Political Attacks, Hon. Barbara J. Pariente, F. James Robinson Jr. 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

A New Era For Judicial Retention Elections: The Rise Of And Defense Against Unfair Political Attacks, Hon. Barbara J. Pariente, F. James Robinson Jr.

Florida Law Review

The judicial-merit selection and retention system for appointing judges to the bench was designed to emphasize selection based on the judge’s qualifications and to minimize the influence of partisanship and politics in both the selection and retention process. Since 2010, increasingly strident and frequent political attacks on state supreme court justices facing judicial-merit retention elections present real dangers to a fair and impartial judiciary. These attacks are inherently different from the challenges facing the judiciary in states where supreme court justices are selected in contested judicial elections, especially those states that have partisan elections. Recent judicial-merit retention elections of ...


The Possibility Of Using Alternative Dispute Resolution For Election Law Disputes, Jessica Becerra 2018 Pepperdine University

The Possibility Of Using Alternative Dispute Resolution For Election Law Disputes, Jessica Becerra

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article looks at the positive effects that ADR can have in resolving election law disputes before, during, and after elections. First, this article will focus on the significance of implementing ADR processes in resolving election law disputes. Next, this article will explain the background and impact that election law disputes have on voters, candidates, and the election process as a whole. This article will then explore why ADR processes should be implemented as opposed to using litigation to resolve election law disputes. After, this article will explain a proposed solution to resolving election law disputes through mediation or arbitration ...


Shareholder Proposal Settlements And The Private Ordering Of Public Elections, Sarah C. Haan 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Shareholder Proposal Settlements And The Private Ordering Of Public Elections, Sarah C. Haan

Sarah Haan

Reform of campaign finance disclosure has stalled in Congress and at various federal agencies, but it is steadily unfolding in a firm-by-firm program of private ordering. Today, much of what is publicly known about how individual public companies spend money to influence federal, state, and local elections—and particularly what is known about corporate “dark money”—comes from disclosures that conform to privately negotiated contracts.

The primary mechanism for this new transparency is the settlement of the shareholder proposal, in which a shareholder trades its rights under SEC Rule 14a-8—and potentially the rights of other shareholders—for a privately ...


Gerrymandering And The Constitutional Norm Against Government Partisanship, Michael S. Kang 2017 Emory University School of Law

Gerrymandering And The Constitutional Norm Against Government Partisanship, Michael S. Kang

Michigan Law Review

This Article challenges the basic premise in the law of gerrymandering that partisanship is a constitutional government purpose at all. The central problem, Justice Scalia once explained in Vieth v. Jubilerer, is that partisan gerrymandering becomes unconstitutional only when it “has gone too far,” giving rise to the intractable inquiry into “how much is too much.” But the premise that partisanship is an ordinary and lawful purpose, articulated confidently as settled law and widely understood as such, is largely wrong as constitutional doctrine. The Article surveys constitutional law to demonstrate the vitality of an important, if implicit norm against government ...


The Road To A Constitutional Convention: Reforming The New York State Unified Court System And Expanding Access To Civil Justice, Jonathan Lippman 2017 Latham & Watkins LLP

The Road To A Constitutional Convention: Reforming The New York State Unified Court System And Expanding Access To Civil Justice, Jonathan Lippman

Pace Law Review

This article will focus on the judiciary reforms and access to justice—starting with reforms to the structure of the Unified Court System and discussing other ways that a constitutional convention might serve to improve the operation of the courts. The article will then explore the state’s deficiency in providing its low-income citizens access to justice in civil matters relating to housing, family safety and security, and subsistence income, and how a convention can highlight these issues.


Unusual “Politics As Usual”: The 2017 Ballot Proposition Calling For A Constitutional Convention In New York, Peter J. Galie 2017 Canisius College

Unusual “Politics As Usual”: The 2017 Ballot Proposition Calling For A Constitutional Convention In New York, Peter J. Galie

Pace Law Review

The first task of constitutional reformers is to make the people of the state aware that they live under a constitution that, for better or worse, affects their everyday lives whether they live on in remotes sections of the Adirondacks routes in villages or a teeming megalopolis. Until this is done, the people are not likely to demand or even accept the more thoroughgoing revision so badly needed in New York.


The Amending Clause In The New York Constitution And Conventionphobia, Gerald Benjamin 2017 Benjamin Center at SUNY New Paltz

The Amending Clause In The New York Constitution And Conventionphobia, Gerald Benjamin

Pace Law Review

The amending clause is the nineteenth of the New York State Constitution’s twenty articles. Followed only by the enacting clause, for all intents and purposes this is the document’s final word. Well, maybe not the final word. An alternative is to think of this amending clause as a part of an ongoing several-centuries-long conversation. The clause is a message from one past group of designers and drafters of New York’s governing system, the 1846 Constitutional Convention majority, to all of us who gave them the charge to “secure [for us] the blessings of freedom,” that is to ...


The Right To Vote Under Local Law, Joshua A. Douglas 2017 University of Kentucky

The Right To Vote Under Local Law, Joshua A. Douglas

Joshua A. Douglas

A complete analysis of the right to vote requires at least three levels of inquiry: the U.S. Constitution and federal law, state constitutions and state law, and local laws that confer voting rights for municipal elections. But most voting rights scholarship focuses on only federal or state law and omits any discussion of the third category. This Article—the first to explore in depth the local right to vote—completes the trilogy. Cities and towns across the country are expanding the right to vote in municipal elections to include sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds, noncitizens, nonresident property owners, and others. Berkeley ...


Voter Primacy, Sarah C. Haan 2017 University of Idaho College of Law

Voter Primacy, Sarah C. Haan

Sarah Haan

This Article argues that Citizens United v. FEC expanded the audience for campaign finance disclosure to include a group that had never before been held relevant to campaign finance disclosure—corporate shareholders—and explores the constitutional, policy, and political consequences of this change. In part IV of Citizens United, the U.S. Supreme Court departed from more than thirty years of campaign finance disclosure analysis to treat corporate shareholders as a target audience for corporate electoral spending disclosure, holding that the governmental interest advanced by campaign finance disclosure laws includes an interest in helping corporate shareholders “determine whether their corporation ...


The Ceo And The Hydraulics Of Campaign Finance Deregulation, Sarah C. Haan 2017 Selected Works

The Ceo And The Hydraulics Of Campaign Finance Deregulation, Sarah C. Haan

Sarah Haan

Voters increasingly view their consumer activities, not their campaign contributions, as the most meaningful way to participate in politics. In 2014, after it became public that Mozilla’s CEO, Brendan Eich, had made a controversial political donation in a state ballot proposition, consumer pressure led to his resignation. Eich’s downfall and the politicization of retail markets means that business leaders are unlikely to respond to McCutcheon v. FEC by embracing transparency with their campaign donations, and also suggests that campaign finance deregulation is causing hydraulic effects that the Supreme Court has failed to anticipate. This Essay explores what “economic ...


Redistricting Reform In Wisconsin To Curtail Gerrymandering: The Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission, Joseph W. Bukowski 2017 Marquette University Law School

Redistricting Reform In Wisconsin To Curtail Gerrymandering: The Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission, Joseph W. Bukowski

Marquette Law Review

After an extremely partisan gerrymander in 2011, Wisconsin needs redistricting reform in order to eliminate partisan politics from the process. Now more than ever, momentum for change has reached its peak: the Wisconsin legislative maps as drawn in 2011 were ruled unconstitutional in Whitford v. Gill; the Supreme Court has recently ruled in favor of states implementing independent redistricting commissions; and nearly half of the states in the United States are beginning to use independent commissions for redistricting. This Comment proposes a unique approach for Wisconsin to adopt in order to curtail gerrymandering: the Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission (WICRC ...


The Inaugural Abraham Lincoln Lecture On Constitutional Law: Electoral College Reform, Lincoln-Style, Akhil Reed Amar 2017 Northwestern University School of Law

The Inaugural Abraham Lincoln Lecture On Constitutional Law: Electoral College Reform, Lincoln-Style, Akhil Reed Amar

Northwestern University Law Review

This Inaugural Abraham Lincoln Lecture was delivered at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law on April 6, 2017.


How To Unlock The Voting Block: Oregon’S Sweeping Solution To Poor Voter Turnout: Automatic Registration, Gavin Rynard 2017 University of Miami Law School

How To Unlock The Voting Block: Oregon’S Sweeping Solution To Poor Voter Turnout: Automatic Registration, Gavin Rynard

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Alternative Dispute Resolution For Election Access Issues In A Post-Voting Rights Act Section 5 Landscape, Casey Millburg 2017 Penn State Law

Alternative Dispute Resolution For Election Access Issues In A Post-Voting Rights Act Section 5 Landscape, Casey Millburg

Arbitration Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dilution Of The Black Vote: Revisiting The Oppressive Methods Of Voting Rights Restoration For Ex-Felons, Tara A. Jackson 2017 University of Miami Law School

Dilution Of The Black Vote: Revisiting The Oppressive Methods Of Voting Rights Restoration For Ex-Felons, Tara A. Jackson

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Right To Vote Under Local Law, Joshua A. Douglas 2017 University of Kentucky

The Right To Vote Under Local Law, Joshua A. Douglas

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

A complete analysis of the right to vote requires at least three levels of inquiry: the U.S. Constitution and federal law, state constitutions and state law, and local laws that confer voting rights for municipal elections. But most voting rights scholarship focuses on only federal or state law and omits any discussion of the third category. This Article—the first to explore in depth the local right to vote—completes the trilogy. Cities and towns across the country are expanding the right to vote in municipal elections to include sixteen- and seventeen-year-olds, noncitizens, nonresident property owners, and others. Berkeley ...


A Pivotal Moment For Election Law, Joshua A. Douglas 2017 University of Kentucky

A Pivotal Moment For Election Law, Joshua A. Douglas

Joshua A. Douglas

In this brief Foreword to the Kentucky Law Journal Symposium Issue, I chronicle the importance of Justice Scalia's death to election law jurisprudence and highlight the articles in this Issue that will shape the debate in the coming years. Part I looks at how a replacement for Justice Scalia could change, solidify, or extend various aspects of election law doctrine. Part II then summarizes the seven articles in this Symposium Issue, explaining how fresh eyes on the Court could potentially give these proposals a boost. This is a pivotal moment for election law. The Kentucky Law Journal articles in ...


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