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Election Guide California 2016, California Secretary of State 2016 Golden Gate University School of Law

Election Guide California 2016, California Secretary Of State

California Agencies

Table of Contents:
General Information
Nomination Requirements
Candidate Filing Information
Candidate Checklist
Pesidential Primary Election Calendar
Electors and the Electoral College
Independent Candidates
Political Party Information
Offices and Subdivisions
Calendars


Inventing Equal Sovereignty, Leah M. Litman 2016 Harvard Law School

Inventing Equal Sovereignty, Leah M. Litman

Michigan Law Review

The Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Shelby County v. Holder relied on the “fundamental principle” and “historic tradition” of equal sovereignty to hold one of the Voting Rights Act’s key provisions unconstitutional. Yet almost three years after Shelby County, and despite a recent wave of equal sovereignty challenges to major federal programs, the equal sovereignty principle remains largely unexamined. This Article seeks to provide some clarity—both to establish the contours of the equal sovereignty doctrine and to evaluate whether it is a sound rule of constitutional federalism. The principle of equal sovereignty, as initially articulated by courts ...


Will The Real Candidate Please Stand Up?: Political Parody On The Internet, Jon H. Oram 2016 Stanford University

Will The Real Candidate Please Stand Up?: Political Parody On The Internet, Jon H. Oram

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


The Hatch Act Modernization Act: Putting The Government Back In Politics, Shannon D. Azzaro 2016 Fordham University School of Law

The Hatch Act Modernization Act: Putting The Government Back In Politics, Shannon D. Azzaro

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Judging Judicial Elections, Michael S. Kang, Joanna M. Shepherd 2016 Emory University School of Law

Judging Judicial Elections, Michael S. Kang, Joanna M. Shepherd

Michigan Law Review

Melinda Gann Hall’s new book Attacking Judges: How Campaign Advertising Influences State Supreme Court Elections suggests what seems impossible to many of us—a powerful defense of today’s partisan judicial elections. As judicial races hit new levels of campaign spending and television advertising, there has been a flood of criticism about the increasing partisanship, negativity, and role of money. In view of the “corrosive effect of money on judicial election campaigns” and “attack advertising,” the American Bar Association (ABA) recommends against judicial elections, which are currently used to select roughly 90 percent of state judges. Justice O’Connor ...


Submission On Specific Aspects Of The Elected Presidency, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee 2016 Singapore Management University

Submission On Specific Aspects Of The Elected Presidency, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

This submission, to which minor redactions have been made, was prepared in response to a call for public feedback (archived here) by the Constitutional Commission to study and make recommendations on specific aspects of the Elected Presidency chaired by the Honourable Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon.


A National Model Faces New Challenges: The New York City Campaign Finance System And The 2013 Elections, Janos Marton 2016 Fordham Law School

A National Model Faces New Challenges: The New York City Campaign Finance System And The 2013 Elections, Janos Marton

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Empowering Small Donors: New York City’S Multiple Match Public Financing As A Model For A Post-Citizens United World, Amy Loprest, Bethany Perskie 2016 New York City Campaign Finance Board

Empowering Small Donors: New York City’S Multiple Match Public Financing As A Model For A Post-Citizens United World, Amy Loprest, Bethany Perskie

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dark Money Rises: Federal And State Attempts To Rein In Undisclosed Campaign-Related Spending, Kristy Eagan 2016 Fordham University School of Law

Dark Money Rises: Federal And State Attempts To Rein In Undisclosed Campaign-Related Spending, Kristy Eagan

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Campaign Finance Advisory Opinions At The State Level, Allen Dickerson, Zac Morgan 2016 Center for Competitive Politics

Campaign Finance Advisory Opinions At The State Level, Allen Dickerson, Zac Morgan

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Martin E. Connor 2016 Fordham Law School

Introduction, Martin E. Connor

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Public’S Right To Know Versus Compelled Speech: What Does Social Science Research Tell Us About The Benefits And Costs Of Campaign Finance Disclosure In Non-Candidate Elections?, Dick Carpenter, Jeffrey Milyo 2016 College of Education at the University of Colorado

The Public’S Right To Know Versus Compelled Speech: What Does Social Science Research Tell Us About The Benefits And Costs Of Campaign Finance Disclosure In Non-Candidate Elections?, Dick Carpenter, Jeffrey Milyo

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Saving Democracy: A Blueprint For Reform In The Post-Citizens United Era, Jocelyn Benson 2016 Wayne State University Law School

Saving Democracy: A Blueprint For Reform In The Post-Citizens United Era, Jocelyn Benson

Fordham Urban Law Journal

Since the founding of our democracy, attempts to curb the influence of money in the political process consistently fall short of their goal. In fact, a growing number of cynics see campaign finance reform—or any effort to reduce the impact of money in the political process—as inherently doomed to fail. With the recent dearth of meaningful campaign finance reform on the federal level in the post-Citizens United era, reform advocates must look to the states to explore and enact changes to the law that will promote a healthier role for money in politics. This Article reviews efforts to ...


Testimony Before The U.S. House Of Representatives, Elections Subcommittee Of The House Administration Committee, Concerning The Importance Of Independent Post-Election Auditing And Reviewing Impediments To Election Auditing And Greater Transparency., Candice Hoke 2016 Cleveland State University

Testimony Before The U.S. House Of Representatives, Elections Subcommittee Of The House Administration Committee, Concerning The Importance Of Independent Post-Election Auditing And Reviewing Impediments To Election Auditing And Greater Transparency., Candice Hoke

S. Candice Hoke

Mandatory election audits are a critical step for restoring public confidence in the electoral system and for learning what problems exist (in equipment, systems, and personnel) so that they might be effectively corrected. Unfortunately, the promise of auditing will be severely undermined if the federal auditing entity lacks independence from the election administrative authority. Secretaries of State can play a number of crucial additional roles that will facilitate efficient and effective election audits, but because of the appearance of conflicts of interest should not be supervising and conducting federal audits. The federal audit effort will be greatly enhanced if the ...


Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler

Florida Law Review

There was something unreal about the opinions in McCutcheon v. FEC. These opinions examined a series of strategies for circumventing the limits on contributions to candidates imposed by federal election law, but they failed to notice that the limits were no longer breathing. The D.C. Circuit’s decision in SpeechNow.org v. FEC had created a far easier way to evade the limits than any of those the Supreme Court discussed. SpeechNow held all limits on contributions to super PACs unconstitutional.

This Article argues that the D.C. Circuit erred; Citizens United v. FEC did not require unleashing super ...


Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler

Florida Law Review

There was something unreal about the opinions in McCutcheon v. FEC. These opinions examined a series of strategies for circumventing the limits on contributions to candidates imposed by federal election law, but they failed to notice that the limits were no longer breathing. The D.C. Circuit’s decision in SpeechNow.org v. FEC had created a far easier way to evade the limits than any of those the Supreme Court discussed. SpeechNow held all limits on contributions to super PACs unconstitutional.

This Article argues that the D.C. Circuit erred; Citizens United v. FEC did not require unleashing super ...


Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Limiting Political Contributions After Mccutcheon, Citizens United, And Speechnow, Albert W. Alschuler

Florida Law Review

There was something unreal about the opinions in McCutcheon v. FEC. These opinions examined a series of strategies for circumventing the limits on contributions to candidates imposed by federal election law, but they failed to notice that the limits were no longer breathing. The D.C. Circuit’s decision in SpeechNow.org v. FEC had created a far easier way to evade the limits than any of those the Supreme Court discussed. SpeechNow held all limits on contributions to super PACs unconstitutional.

This Article argues that the D.C. Circuit erred; Citizens United v. FEC did not require unleashing super ...


When “Testing The Waters” Tests The Limits Of Coordination Restrictions: Revising Fec Regulations To Limit Pre-Candidacy Coordination, Marc E. Klepner 2016 Fordham University School of Law

When “Testing The Waters” Tests The Limits Of Coordination Restrictions: Revising Fec Regulations To Limit Pre-Candidacy Coordination, Marc E. Klepner

Fordham Law Review

During the preliminary stages of the 2016 presidential election, many prospective candidates took an active role in the Super PACs that would eventually support them after they became candidates. The regulatory system in place provides clear restrictions on Super PACs’ abilities to coordinate with candidates; however, what is less clear is whether such regulations restrict the behavior of individuals during pre-candidacy, known under Federal Election Commission (FEC) regulations as the “testing-the-waters” phase. This Note gives an overview of the laws and regulations governing Super PACs, as well as the regulations and FEC guidance concerning when an individual becomes a candidate ...


Election Law Federalism, Justin Weinstein-Tull 2016 Stanford Law School

Election Law Federalism, Justin Weinstein-Tull

Michigan Law Review

This Article provides the first comprehensive account of non-Voting Rights Act federal voting laws. Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act—long the most effective voting rights law in American history—was disabled by the Supreme Court in Shelby County v. Holder. Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act is in the crosshairs. As the Supreme Court becomes more hostile to race-based antidiscrimination laws like the Voting Rights Act, Congress will turn to race-neutral, election administration-based reforms to strengthen the right to vote. Indeed, many proposals for reform post-Shelby County have taken this form. The federal laws this Article examines ...


Neutral Principles And Some Campaign Finance Problems, John O. McGinnis 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Neutral Principles And Some Campaign Finance Problems, John O. Mcginnis

William & Mary Law Review

This Article has both positive and normative objectives. As a positive matter, it shows that the Roberts Court’s campaign finance regulation jurisprudence can be best explained as a systematic effort to integrate that case law with the rest of the First Amendment, making the neutral principles refined in other social contexts govern this more politically salient one as well. It demonstrates that the typical Roberts Court majority in campaign finance cases follows precedent, doctrine, and traditional First Amendment theory, while the dissents tend to carve out exceptions at each of these levels.

As a normative matter, it argues that ...


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