Physician-Assisted Death: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, 2018 Pepperdine University School of Law
Physician-Assisted Death: A Selected Annotated Bibliography, Alyssa Thurston
Falling Between The Cracks: Understanding Why States Fail In Protecting Our Children From Crime, 2018 University of Pennsylvania
Falling Between The Cracks: Understanding Why States Fail In Protecting Our Children From Crime, Michal Gilad
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The article is the first to take an inclusive look at the monumental problem of crime exposure during childhood, which is estimated to be one of the most damaging and costly public health and public safety problem in our society today. It takes-on the challenging task of ‘naming’ the problem by coining the term Comprehensive Childhood Crime Impact or in short the Triple-C Impact. Informed by scientific findings, the term embodies the full effect of direct and indirect crime exposure on children due to their unique developmental characteristics, and the spillover effect the problem has on our society as a ...
Principles Of Risk Imposition And The Priority Of Avoiding Harm, 2018 University of Southern California
Principles Of Risk Imposition And The Priority Of Avoiding Harm, Gregory C. Keating
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
Standards which prescribe more than efficient precaution against physical harm and health injury are commonplace in American environmental, health and safety regulation. The “safe level” standard, for example, requires the elimination of all significant risks. The “feasibility” standard requires the elimination of significant risks to the extent insofar as it is possible to do so without impairing the long run survival of the activities which give rise to the risks. These standards reach back more than a generation to the founding of the Environmental Protection and Occupational Health and Safety Agencies. You might expect them to be too well-entrenched to ...
Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: How A Government For The People, Failed The People, 2018 University of Miami Law School
Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: How A Government For The People, Failed The People, Jeffery Mark Sauer
University of Miami Law Review
Despite having the potential to significantly reduce the passage of many lethal diseases and devastating birth defects, mitochondrial replacement therapy—a controversial medical procedure in which mitochondrial RNA from a healthy female replaces the mitochondrial RNA from the intended mother in vitro—will have no place in the United States anytime soon. Under the guise of purported safety concerns and ethical dilemmas, the Republican Congress used its “power of the purse” to halt any and all research furthering mitochondrial replacement therapy, notwithstanding the fact that many leaders in the medical community have advocated for further research. Several developed countries have ...
Practice-Based Research Networks Ceding To A Single Institutional Review Board, 2018 University of Iowa
Practice-Based Research Networks Ceding To A Single Institutional Review Board, Jeanette M. Daly, Tabria Weiner Harrod, Kate Judge, Leann C. Michaels, Barcey T. Levy, David L. Hahn, Lyle J. Fagnan, Donald E. Nease Jr.
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Historically, a single research project involving numerous practice-based research networks (PBRNs) required multiple institutional review boards (IRBs) to be involved in approval of the project. However, to avoid redundancies, federal IRB regulations now allow cooperative research projects that involve more than one institution to use reasonable methods of cooperative IRB review and to cede authority for review and oversight of the project to a single lead IRB. Through ceding, a lead IRB has the authority for review and oversight of the project delegated by all participating sites’ IRBs and becomes the IRB of record for the ceded sites. In the ...
Childhood Obesity And Positive Obligations: A Child Rights-Based Approach, 2018 Seattle University School of Law
Childhood Obesity And Positive Obligations: A Child Rights-Based Approach, Benedetta Faedi Duramy
Seattle University Law Review
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious current public health challenges. Its prevalence has increased at an alarming rate. The World Health Organization estimated that in 2016 the global number of overweight children under the age of five was over 41 million. Although there is widespread concern about the rising rates of childhood obesity, there is not as much consensus on how to address the problem. Obesity has been mostly considered either a matter of personal responsibility or of parental responsibility when it concerns children. Inadequate attention has been given instead to the obligations borne by States to prevent ...
Hiring Workers With Disabilities Makes Sense Whether The Job Market Is Hot Or Cold, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Hiring Workers With Disabilities Makes Sense Whether The Job Market Is Hot Or Cold, Kathleen A. Petkauskos
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
The U.S. Department of Labor released its latest report in September, and it was more of the same. Unemployment remained at 3.9 percent, where it has hovered for much of the year, but there was a shift for one key demographic.
After decades of struggle, workers with disabilities are beginning to move the needle, outpacing the employment gains of people without disabilities. In August 2018, the employment-to-population ratio for working-age people with disabilities jumped to 30.2 percent from 29.5 percent the year before. The labor force participation rate for working-age people with disabilities also increased, rising ...
Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Legalization Of Physician-Assisted Suicide For Increased Patient Autonomy, Morgan Mcenroe
Religion: Student Scholarship & Creative Works
This essay features an assessment of the various factors which play into the argument for legalization of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) in the United States for increased patient autonomy. Arguments for legalization of PAS as a means of end-of-life care remain separate from voluntary euthanasia. National legalization of PAS, for this fundamental principle of hospice care, is necessary to allow a choice to those in their final stages of life of how they wish to leave. If the values of PAS advocates are maximization of autonomy and minimization of suffering, then it follows that the chronically depressed, as well as patients ...
Utilization Management Programs Are Critical For Effective Mltss Programs, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Utilization Management Programs Are Critical For Effective Mltss Programs, Jessica Carpenter
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
When discussing an efficient managed long-term services and supports (LTSS) program, the importance of a utilization management program cannot be overlooked. It’s a way to not only ensure individuals receive the high-quality services they need, but also realize substantial cost savings for payers.
Renovations Needed: The Fda's Floor/Ceiling Framework, Preemption, And The Opioid Epidemic, 2018 University of Michigan Law School
Renovations Needed: The Fda's Floor/Ceiling Framework, Preemption, And The Opioid Epidemic, Michael R. Abrams
Michigan Law Review
The FDA’s regulatory framework for pharmaceuticals uses a “floor/ceiling” model: administrative rules set a “floor” of minimum safety, while state tort liability sets a “ceiling” of maximum protection. This model emphasizes premarket scrutiny but largely relies on the state common law “ceiling” to police the postapproval drug market. As the Supreme Court increasingly holds state tort law preempted by federal administrative standards, the FDA’s framework becomes increasingly imbalanced. In the face of a historic prescription medication overdose crisis, the Opioid Epidemic, this imbalance allows the pharmaceutical industry to avoid internalizing the public health costs of their opioid ...
Law & Health Care Newsletter, Fall 2018, 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Law & Health Care Newsletter, Fall 2018
Law & Health Care Newsletter
No abstract provided.
Fall 2018 Health Law Symposium, 2018 New York Law School
Fall 2018 Health Law Symposium, New York Law School
Health Law Society Publications
Materials for CLE Program -
VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION IN HEALTH CARE AND HEALTH COVERAGE
A Systematic Literature Review Of Individuals' Perspectives On Privacy And Genetic Information In The United States, 2018 Vanderbilt University Law School
A Systematic Literature Review Of Individuals' Perspectives On Privacy And Genetic Information In The United States, Ellen W. Clayton, Colin M. Halverson, Nila A. Sathe, Bradley A. Malin
Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications
Concerns about genetic privacy affect individuals' willingness to accept genetic testing in clinical care and to participate in genomics research. To learn what is already known about these views, we conducted a systematic review, which ultimately analyzed 53 studies involving the perspectives of 47,974 participants on real or hypothetical privacy issues related to human genetic data. Bibliographic databases included MEDLINE, Web of Knowledge, and Sociological Abstracts. Three investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria and assessed risk of bias. The picture of genetic privacy that emerges from this systematic literature review is complex and riddled with gaps. When asked ...
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2018, 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2018
Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter
No abstract provided.
The Duality Of Provider And Payer In The Current Healthcare Landscape And Related Antitrust Implications, 2018 University of San Diego
The Duality Of Provider And Payer In The Current Healthcare Landscape And Related Antitrust Implications, Julia Kapchinskiy
San Diego Law Review
Health care landscape has changed with the introduction of the ACA and will keep changing due to the proposed repeal. The only constant is the desire of health plans and providers to maximize profits and minimize costs, which is attainable through consolidation. This Comment advocates a revision of the existing antitrust guidelines that would (1) recognize unique nature of health care market, (2) be independent from the current or proposed legislation to the maximum possible extent, and (3) reflect the insurer-provider duality, which heavily influences the quality and accessibility of the healthcare for the consumer.
A View Of The Drug Pricing Blueprint, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
A View Of The Drug Pricing Blueprint, Bonnie C. Greenwood
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
Drug spend is predicted to experience the fastest annual growth between 2017-2026 compared to other health care goods and services.Contributing factors include increasing unit prices of branded and generic medications, growth of the specialty drug market, and greater numbers of people with access to prescription drug coverage. A recent analysis estimates total drug expenditures in 2016 to be $480 billion when accounting for gross profits of intermediaries in the distribution chain, such as wholesalers, pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), and pharmacies. Certainly, the complexity of the drug distribution and reimbursement system and lack of pricing transparency can be viewed both ...
Substantial Shifts In Supreme Court Health Law Jurisprudence, 2018 Georgetown University
Substantial Shifts In Supreme Court Health Law Jurisprudence, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
President Trump’s nomination of jurist Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court presents significant, potential changes on health law and policy issues. If confirmed by the U.S. Senate, Kavanaugh’s approaches as a federal appellate court judge and scholar could literally shift the Court’s balance on consequential health policies. Judge Kavanaugh has disavowed broad discretion for federal agency authorities, cast significant doubts on the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act, and narrowly interpreted reproductive rights (most notably abortion services). He has supported gun rights pursuant to the Second Amendment beyond U.S. Supreme Court recent interpretations ...
Keeping The Healthcare Industry Accountable, 2018 Pepperdine University
Keeping The Healthcare Industry Accountable, Yoori Chung
Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary
No abstract provided.
Decriminalization Of Prostitution Policy: Amnesty International Punishes A Dissenting Member, 2018 University of Rhode Island
Decriminalization Of Prostitution Policy: Amnesty International Punishes A Dissenting Member, Marcia R. Lieberman
Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
In 2016, Marcia Lieberman, a local group coordinator for Amnesty International, USA, was expelled by the board of directors for speaking out publicly against the new Policy on the Decriminalization of Sex Work. Amnesty used a little-known rule that prohibits a member from publicly opposing a position that Amnesty has taken. Lieberman writes about her experience and her view that Amnesty violated its fundamental principle of protecting free speech to silence her dissent.
Hospital Mergers And Public Accountability: Tennessee And Virginia Employ A Certificate Of Public Advantage, 2018 Georgia State University College of Law
Hospital Mergers And Public Accountability: Tennessee And Virginia Employ A Certificate Of Public Advantage, Erin C. Fuse Brown
Faculty Publications By Year
No abstract provided.