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Abortion, Informed Consent And Regulatory Spillover, Alex Stein, Katherine Shaw 2016 Cardozo Law School

Abortion, Informed Consent And Regulatory Spillover, Alex Stein, Katherine Shaw

Alex Stein

The constitutional law of abortion stands on the untenable assumption that any state’s abortion regulations impact citizens of that state alone. On this understanding, the state’s boundaries demarcate the terrain on which women’s right to abortion clashes with state power to regulate that right.
 
This Article uncovers a previously unnoticed horizontal dimension of abortion regulation: the medical-malpractice penalties imposed upon doctors for failing to inform patients about abortion risks; the states’ power to define those risks, along with doctors’ informed-consent obligations and penalties; and, critically, the possibility that such standards might cross state lines. Planned Parenthood v ...


Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr. 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Zika Virus And Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr.

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Americans are largely apathetic about the risks of Zika virus and Congress cannot agree on preparedness funding. Strategies to counter the spread of Zika by the World Health Organisation (WHO) grossly underestimate the disease’s impact. WHO and member countries lack sufficient resources to respond. Consequences of fiscal apathy can be measured in lives lost and long-term disabilities. Zika prevention is a matter of global health security.

The epidemiologic brunt of Zika in South America falls largely on vulnerable women at heightened risk of exposure through mosquitoes and sexual transmission. Resulting transmission to fetuses and infants will have generational impacts ...


Patient Perceptions Of Drug Risks And Benefits, Michael S. Brown, Linda J. Wastila, Carol I. Baras, Louis Lasagna 2016 University of New Hampshire

Patient Perceptions Of Drug Risks And Benefits, Michael S. Brown, Linda J. Wastila, Carol I. Baras, Louis Lasagna

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

This is a report of a pilot study conducted to examine patients' perceptions of drug risks and benefits. While all of the factors influencing such perceptions are important, the findings about the extent to which views are affected by patient understanding of and confidence in regulatory oversight should be of professional interest to an especially broad audience.


Ebola, Experimental Medicine, Economics, And Ethics: An Evaluation Of International Disease Outbreak Law, Sara L. Dominey 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Ebola, Experimental Medicine, Economics, And Ethics: An Evaluation Of International Disease Outbreak Law, Sara L. Dominey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Employer Shared Responsibility Provisions Under The Affordable Care Act, Xuan Hong 2016 San Jose State University

Employer Shared Responsibility Provisions Under The Affordable Care Act, Xuan Hong

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Fulfilling The Promise Of Roe: A Pathway For Meaningful Pre-Abortion Consultation, Thomas J. Molony 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Fulfilling The Promise Of Roe: A Pathway For Meaningful Pre-Abortion Consultation, Thomas J. Molony

Catholic University Law Review

In Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down regulations that it believed would inhibit a woman’s ability to receive meaningful personal consultation and support before choosing to have an abortion. The Court thus echoed what it had emphasized in Roe v. Wade more than 40 years earlier—that an abortion decision would follow an extensive discussion between a woman and her physician. An ob/gyn who provides a woman with regular care likely is best equipped to offer this type of consultation, but most ob/gyns do not perform abortions, and there is ...


Surviving The Storm 2016: Employee Benefit Compliance & Employment Law Update, George Thompson, Brooks R. Magratten, Mark A. Pogue, Kelli Viera, Cecily Banks, Roger Williams University School of Law 2016 Marsh & McLennan Agency

Surviving The Storm 2016: Employee Benefit Compliance & Employment Law Update, George Thompson, Brooks R. Magratten, Mark A. Pogue, Kelli Viera, Cecily Banks, Roger Williams University School Of Law

School of Law Conferences, Lectures & Events

No abstract provided.


The Antidotes To The Double Standard: Protecting The Healthcare Rights Of Mentally Ill Inmates By Blurring The Line Between Estelle And Youngberg, Rose Carmen Goldberg 2016 Yale Law School

The Antidotes To The Double Standard: Protecting The Healthcare Rights Of Mentally Ill Inmates By Blurring The Line Between Estelle And Youngberg, Rose Carmen Goldberg

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

This Note is an examination of mentally illinmates' constitutional right to treatment. It has significant doctrinal and practical implications. In terms of doctrine, the Supreme Court has created distinct standards for the minimum levels of care for inmates (Estelle) and the civilly committed mentally ill (Youngberg). Under this framework mentally ill inmates are constitutionally equivalent to inmates generally, but are entitled to less care than the civilly committed even if they suffer the same illness. This Note explores this gap through the lens of equal protection and argues that mentally ill inmates are similarly situated to the civilly committed ...


Health And Taxes: Hospitals, Community Health And The Irs, Mary Crossley 2016 Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Health And Taxes: Hospitals, Community Health And The Irs, Mary Crossley

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

The Affordable Care Act created new conditions of federal tax exemption for nonprofit hospitals, including a requirement that hospitals conduct a community health needs assessment (CHNA) every three years to identify significant health needs in their communities and then develop and implement a strategy responding to those needs. As a result, hospitals must now do more than provide charity care to their patients in exchange for the benefits of tax exemption. The CHNA requirement has the potential both to prompt a radical change in hospitals' relationship to their communities and to enlist hospitals as meaningful contributors to community health improvement ...


The Fitbit Fault Line: Two Proposals To Protect Health And Fitness Data At Work, Elizabeth A. Brown 2016 Assistant Professor of Business Law, Bentley University.

The Fitbit Fault Line: Two Proposals To Protect Health And Fitness Data At Work, Elizabeth A. Brown

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

Employers are collecting and using their employees' health data, mined from wearable fitness devices and health apps, in new, profitable, and barely regulated ways. The importance of protecting employee health and fitness data will grow exponentially in the future. This is the moment for a robust discussion of how law can better protect employees from the potential misuse of their health data. While scholars have just begun to examine the problem of health data privacy, this Article contributes to the academic literature in three important ways. First, it analyzes the convergence of three trends resulting in an unprecedented growth of ...


Science, Public Bioethics, And The Problem Of Integration, O. Carter Snead 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Science, Public Bioethics, And The Problem Of Integration, O. Carter Snead

O. Carter Snead

Public bioethics — the governance of science, medicine, and biotechnology in the name of ethical goods — is an emerging area of American law. The field uniquely combines scientific knowledge, moral reasoning, and prudential judgments about democratic decision making. It has captured the attention of officials in every branch of government, as well as the American public itself. Public questions (such as those relating to the law of abortion, the federal funding of embryonic stem cell research, and the regulation of end-of-life decision making) continue to roil the public square.

This Article examines the question of how scientific methods and principles can ...


The Pedagogical Significance Of The Bush Stem Cell Policy: A Window Into Bioethical Regulation In The United States, O. Carter Snead 2016 Selected Works

The Pedagogical Significance Of The Bush Stem Cell Policy: A Window Into Bioethical Regulation In The United States, O. Carter Snead

O. Carter Snead

The enormous significance of the Bush stem cell funding policy has been evident since its inception. The announcement of the policy on August 9, 2001 marked the first time a U.S. president had ever taken up a matter of bioethical import as the sole subject of a major national policy address. Indeed, the August 9th speech was the President's first nationally televised policy address of any kind. Since then, the policy has been a constant focus of attention and discussion by political commentators, the print and broadcast media, advocacy organizations, scientists, elected officials, and candidates for all levels ...


Filling In The Blanks On Reducing Tobacco Product Addictiveness In The Fctc Partial Guidelines For Articles 9 & 10, Eric N. Lindblom 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Filling In The Blanks On Reducing Tobacco Product Addictiveness In The Fctc Partial Guidelines For Articles 9 & 10, Eric N. Lindblom

Eric Lindblom

The existing Partial Guidelines for Implementation of Articles 9 & 10 of the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control includes a strategy for regulating tobacco products to reduce their attractiveness, but does not yet provide any guidance for reducing either the toxicity or the addictiveness of tobacco products. Section 1.2.1.2, “Addictiveness (dependence liability),” states only that: “This section has been left blank intentionally to indicate that guidance will be proposed at a later stage.” A related footnote says that the blanks will be filled “as new country experience, and scientific, medical and other evidence become available. . . [and] will ...


Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act In Physical Therapy, Greg Austin 2016 Western Kentucky University

Implementation Of The Affordable Care Act In Physical Therapy, Greg Austin

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Introduction: With the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, many medical specialties prepared to see reimbursement rates altered. Not impervious to this trend was the field of physical therapy (PT). This change in reimbursement structure could impact the effectiveness of PT treatment. Under this model, a patient may not be able to receive the appropriate number of visits to a physical therapist, resulting in a loss of utilization in the injured area and, possibly, a loss of independence. Methods: A literature review was performed to determine reimbursement rate impact on PT. A seven-item open-ended survey regarding various ...


The Right For Autonomy, The Duty Of Disclosure And Public Health Considerations – The 2013 Polio Crisis In Israel As A Case Study, Dr. Nili Karako Eyal 2016 Pace University

The Right For Autonomy, The Duty Of Disclosure And Public Health Considerations – The 2013 Polio Crisis In Israel As A Case Study, Dr. Nili Karako Eyal

Pace Law Review

Despite sharing the same theoretical framework of discussion with other papers, this paper addresses an ethical and legal issue that has received little attention in academic and public discourse: the duty of disclosure in the context of vaccinations. In particular, the paper addresses the question whether public health considerations provide a justification for restricting the duty of disclosure in the case of vaccination.

Delimitating the research question to the issue of disclosure has several implications. First, the decision to vaccinate the population with bOPV as describe above and the decision to adopt a voluntary vaccination policy are not the focus ...


Water, Water Everywhere, But Just How Much Is Clean?: Examining Water Quality Restoration Efforts Under The United States Clean Water Act And The United States-Canada Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, Jill T. Hauserman 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Water, Water Everywhere, But Just How Much Is Clean?: Examining Water Quality Restoration Efforts Under The United States Clean Water Act And The United States-Canada Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, Jill T. Hauserman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Neuroimaging Evidence: A Solution To The Problem Of Proving Pain And Suffering?, Brady Somers 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Neuroimaging Evidence: A Solution To The Problem Of Proving Pain And Suffering?, Brady Somers

Seattle University Law Review

Envision a plaintiff who was injured on the job at a construction site due to his employer’s negligence. The plaintiff has chronic back pain, but it is not verifiable on an X-ray, nor is a physical injury readily discernible by any other technology. Presently, fact finders are given the broad discretion to decide whether they find this plaintiff credible, and accordingly, whether they believe he is truly in pain and deserves damages for pain and suffering. However, neuroimaging—specifically functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)—could allow those fact finders to visualize whether this plaintiff was hurting by depicting the ...


Wearable Fitness Devices: Personal Health Data Privacy In Washington State, Steven Spann 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Wearable Fitness Devices: Personal Health Data Privacy In Washington State, Steven Spann

Seattle University Law Review

Private entities are increasingly targeting individuals in the United States and around the world to gather personal data for such purposes as product development, market identification, and insurance risk assessment. While credit card records and online browsing histories have long been the medium through which this data is gathered, in more recent years, wearable fitness devices have added a new dimension to data production and collection. These devices are capable of gathering a significant amount of data regarding a person’s physical and physiological characteristics, thereby exposing these data producers to personal privacy infringement. Washington State lawmakers and citizens must ...


Environmental Justice And Community-Based Reparations, Catherine Millas Kaiman 2016 Seattle University School of Law

Environmental Justice And Community-Based Reparations, Catherine Millas Kaiman

Seattle University Law Review

This Article seeks to illuminate the lack of adequate legal remedies that are available for low-income, predominantly minority communities that have suffered historic environmental injustices. The Article not only discusses the lack of adequate legal remedies, but also proposes the use of local, state, and federal reparations programs for communities that have previously suffered environmental injustices; are still living with the effects of environmental injustices, by way of disease, air, soil, and water pollution; or are suffering current and ongoing environmental injustices. As has been recently illustrated by Michigan’s state action of providing lead-contaminated water for over a year ...


Should Medicare Be Allowed To Negotiate Drug Prices?, Michael H. Davis 2016 Cleveland State University

Should Medicare Be Allowed To Negotiate Drug Prices?, Michael H. Davis

Michael H Davis

No abstract provided.


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