Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Taxation-Federal Estate and Gift Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

768 Full-Text Articles 447 Authors 300,290 Downloads 72 Institutions

All Articles in Taxation-Federal Estate and Gift

Faceted Search

768 full-text articles. Page 1 of 16.

Racialized Tax Inequity: Wealth, Racism, And The U.S. System Of Taxation, Palma Joy Strand, Nicholas A. Mirkay 2020 Creighton University

Racialized Tax Inequity: Wealth, Racism, And The U.S. System Of Taxation, Palma Joy Strand, Nicholas A. Mirkay

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

This Article describes the connection between wealth inequality and the increasing structural racism in the U.S. tax system since the 1980s. A long-term sociological view (the why) reveals the historical racialization of wealth and a shift in the tax system overall beginning around 1980 to protect and exacerbate wealth inequality, which has been fueled by racial animus and anxiety. A critical tax view (the how) highlights a shift over the same time period at both federal and state levels from taxes on wealth, to taxes on income, and then to taxes on consumption—from greater to less progressivity. Both ...


Family Limited Partnerships: Are They Still A Viable Weapon In The Estate Planner’S Arsenal?, Matthew Van Leer-Greenberg Esq., LLM 2020 Associate at the Law Firm of Van Leer and Greenberg Esqs.

Family Limited Partnerships: Are They Still A Viable Weapon In The Estate Planner’S Arsenal?, Matthew Van Leer-Greenberg Esq., Llm

Roger Williams University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Discounts For Fractional Ownership Of Real Property Are Accepted, So Why Haven’T The Irs And Courts Accepted Discounts For Fractional Ownership Of Artwork?, Maren N. Eisenmesser 2019 Brooklyn Law School

Discounts For Fractional Ownership Of Real Property Are Accepted, So Why Haven’T The Irs And Courts Accepted Discounts For Fractional Ownership Of Artwork?, Maren N. Eisenmesser

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

In 2014, the Fifth Circuit held that Mr. Elkins’s estate was entitled to apply a fractional ownership discount to determine the taxable value of the undivided interest in artwork. The estate received a $14 million refund plus interest. The Internal Revenue Code directs taxpayers to value the items in a gross estate at their fair market value. Fractional ownership adds another problem in the valuation of an estate’s interest property. In general, courts have accepted fractional ownership discounts for real property. In contrast, courts have been reluctant to apply a fractional ownership discount for artwork. This Note will ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Proper Role Of The Estate And Gift Taxation Of Closely Held Businesses, Eric D. Chason, Robert T. Danforth 2019 William & Mary Law School

The Proper Role Of The Estate And Gift Taxation Of Closely Held Businesses, Eric D. Chason, Robert T. Danforth

Eric D. Chason

The authors argue that the goals of estate and gift taxation are not served by taxing closely held businesses when the recipient of the business actively participates in its operation. Further, the authors suggest that taxing closely held businesses tends to harm capital production. The authors propose an approach to estate and gift taxation that encourages productive behavior by the recipients of wealth.


Toward A Practical Estate-Tax Exclusion For Family-Run Businesses: Analysis Of Section 2033a And Proposal For Reform, Eric D. Chason, Robert T. Danforth 2019 William & Mary Law School

Toward A Practical Estate-Tax Exclusion For Family-Run Businesses: Analysis Of Section 2033a And Proposal For Reform, Eric D. Chason, Robert T. Danforth

Eric D. Chason

In a previous work appearing in this Journal, the authors proposed an approach to estate and gift taxation that encourages productive behavior by the recipients of wealth. In this Article, the authors analyze, in the context of their earlier work, the new estate-tax exclusion for closely held businesses (section 2033A) created by the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997. The authors describe the features of a practical family-run business exclusion and conclude that section 2033A, in its present form, fails as a practical exclusion. The authors catalogue those elements of section 2033A that should be retained and propose reforms of those ...


The Taxation Of Cause-Related Marketing, Terri Lynn Helge 2019 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Taxation Of Cause-Related Marketing, Terri Lynn Helge

Terri L. Helge

With the economy in turmoil, charitable organizations are looking to nontraditional sources of financing to supplement contributions and fee-based revenues. One potentially lucrative source of revenue stems from cause-related marketing. Cause-related marketing is the public association of a for-profit company with a charitable organization to promote the company's product or service in order to raise money for the charitable organization. Introduced almost twenty-five years ago, cause-related marketing has now become a $1 billion a year industry. Cause-related marketing has evolved beyond mere use of a charitable organization's name to an apparent union for the purpose of promoting products ...


Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.), 2019 San Jose State University

Front Matter (Letter From The Editor, Masthead, Etc.)

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Money That Costs Too Much: Regulating Financial Incentives, Kristen Underhill 2019 Columbia Law School

Money That Costs Too Much: Regulating Financial Incentives, Kristen Underhill

Indiana Law Journal

Money may not corrupt. But should we worry if it corrodes? Legal scholars in a range of fields have expressed concern about “motivational crowding-out,” a process by which offering financial rewards for good behavior may undermine laudable social motivations, like professionalism or civic duty. Disquiet about the motivational impacts of incentives has now extended to health law, employment law, tax, torts, contracts, criminal law, property, and beyond. In some cases, the fear of crowding-out has inspired concrete opposition to innovative policies that marshal incentives to change individual behavior. But to date, our fears about crowding-out have been unfocused and amorphous ...


After Paying Ultra-High Net Worth Wealth Taxes, How Much Would Billionaires Have Left To Live On?, Michael Simkovic 2019 USC Gould School of Law

After Paying Ultra-High Net Worth Wealth Taxes, How Much Would Billionaires Have Left To Live On?, Michael Simkovic

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Part I: Billionaire Taxes, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3326615.

Part II: Taxes Spending and Innovation, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3335386.

How much can a passive investor with a high-risk tolerance earn on his or her capital?

If history since the end of World War 2 is any guide, between 11 and 14 percent per year before taxes and inflation. After inflation, this comes to around 7 to 10 percent. With good tax planning, the rate of return net of income taxes, inflation, and fees could average around 6.5 to 9.5 percent per year.

A family with $100,000 ...


Taxes, Spending, And Innovation, Michael Simkovic 2019 USC Gould School of Law

Taxes, Spending, And Innovation, Michael Simkovic

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Part I: Billionaire Taxes, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3326615.

Part III: After Paying Ultra-High Net Worth Wealth Taxes, How Much Would Billionaires Have Left to Live on?, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3340925.

Key Takeaways:

- Innovation is the product of teamwork.

- Engineers and scientists play a critical role.

- Scientific research is insufficiently rewarded financially.

- Taxes can boost innovation by funding human capital investment and basic research.

- The amount of investment is important – who owns financial assets is not.

In formulating taxation and public investment policies, we should carefully consider data and the peer reviewed literature. Claims that we can drive more ...


Afterlife Of The Death Tax, Samuel D. Brunson 2019 Loyola University Chicago, School of Law

Afterlife Of The Death Tax, Samuel D. Brunson

Indiana Law Journal

More than a century ago, Congress enacted the modern estate tax to help pay for World War I. Unlike previous iterations of the estate tax, though, this one outlived the war and accumulated additional goals beyond merely raising revenue. The estate tax helped ensure the progressivity of the tax system as a whole, and it limited the hereditary ability to accumulate wealth.

This modern estate tax almost instantly met with opposition, though. The opposition has never been sufficient to entirely eliminate the estate tax, but it has severely weakened its ability to raise revenue and to prevent the accumulation of ...


Reimagining The Estate Tax In The Automation Era, Jay A. Soled 2019 University of California, Irvine School of Law

Reimagining The Estate Tax In The Automation Era, Jay A. Soled

UC Irvine Law Review

In a technological age, labor no longer plays the central role it once did in the nation’s economy. Instead, automation has become more ubiquitous. This economic transformation has important and far- reaching consequences for the nation’s tax system and, in particular, the means by which to fund public expenditures.

Under current law, the central underpinning to automation— namely, capital—yields income that is either lightly taxed or, in some instances, escapes taxation altogether. This puts tremendous stress on the nation’s coffers and further perpetuates wealth disparities. Yet, levying a heavier capital gains tax burden might (i) dissuade ...


Billionaire Taxes, Michael Simkovic 2019 USC Gould School of Law

Billionaire Taxes, Michael Simkovic

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Targeted ultra-high net worth wealth taxes can fund reductions in taxes on wages. Wealth taxes are harder to avoid than existing capital gains taxes and inheritance taxes, and can be more precisely targeted toward extreme wealth. Exit taxes to prevent capital flight are consistent with business law principles governing partnerships. Valuation disputes can be managed through existing property tax mechanisms and through private law provisions called "shotgun clauses."

Most experts believe that wealth taxes are constitutional. The critical difference between wealth taxes and income taxes, the realization requirement, exists for administrative convenience, not as a constitutional requirement. Constitutional challenges can ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Of Piketty And Perpetuities: Dynastic Wealth In The Twenty-First Century (And Beyond), Eric Kades 2019 William & Mary Law School

Of Piketty And Perpetuities: Dynastic Wealth In The Twenty-First Century (And Beyond), Eric Kades

Boston College Law Review

For the first time since independence, in a nation founded in large part on the rejection of a fixed nobility determined by birth and perpetuated by inheritance, America is paving the way for the creation of dynastic family wealth. Abolition of the Rule Against Perpetuities in over half the states along with sharp reductions in, and likely elimination of, the federal estate tax mean that there soon will be no obstacles to creating large pools of dynastic wealth insuring lavish incomes to heirs for generations without end. The timing of these legal changes could hardly be worse. Marshaling innovative economic ...


Análisis De La Implementación De La Factura Electrónica En Colombia Como Mecanismo De Control Al Fraude Fiscal, Carlos Alberto Palacio Ospina 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Análisis De La Implementación De La Factura Electrónica En Colombia Como Mecanismo De Control Al Fraude Fiscal, Carlos Alberto Palacio Ospina

Contaduría Pública

El presente documento tiene como intención determinar si la implementación de la factura electrónica en Colombia puede llegar a ser un eficiente mecanismo de control fiscal que permita disminuir los índices de evasión que tiene el país. Para lograr este objetivo se realizó un análisis a la evolución histórica del sistema tributario colombiano, con el fin de contextualizar y evidenciar las causas del fraude fiscal. Igualmente, los niveles de evasión fiscal en Colombia fueron documentados en cifras y estadísticas, comparadas con las de otros países de la región. Se analizó también cómo ésta problemática afecta a las finanzas públicas. Luego ...


Freedom Of Disposition V. Duty Of Support: What's A Child Worth?, Phyllis C. Taite 2019 Florida A&M University College of Law

Freedom Of Disposition V. Duty Of Support: What's A Child Worth?, Phyllis C. Taite

Journal Publications

Mandating financial responsibility for the care of children during one's lifetime is without question. Child support laws have been implemented in every state in America based on the inherent duty to financially support dependent children. Some laws even extend that duty to provide financial support to children over the age of eighteen when the child has a disability or pursues higher education.

Just as entrenched is the right of a decedent to dispose of his property as he pleases, known as freedom of disposition. Every state has intestacy provisions that provide for disposition of property after a decedent's ...


Capacitación Para La Elaboración De Informes Administrativos Y Contables De La Fundación Jesús El Buen Pastor, Según Requerimiento De La Alcaldía Mayor De Bogotá D.C., David Ernesto Ramos Cobos, Ana Carolina Hernández 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Capacitación Para La Elaboración De Informes Administrativos Y Contables De La Fundación Jesús El Buen Pastor, Según Requerimiento De La Alcaldía Mayor De Bogotá D.C., David Ernesto Ramos Cobos, Ana Carolina Hernández

Administración de Empresas

El siguiente proyecto, consistió en orientar y capacitar en temas administrativos y contables a los miembros de la entidad sin ánimo de lucro Fundación Jesús el Buen Pastor, dedicada a prestar servicio social a las familias de bajos recursos en la localidad de Bosa de Bogotá. Dentro del texto se encontrará los enfoques más importantes en los cuales se tuvo que trabajar rápidamente, esto debido a que la Fundación Jesús el Buen Pastor por temas de desconocimiento no cumplía con los requisitos mínimos de las entidades reguladoras, los cual podía llevarlos a un cierre definitivo de sus instalaciones. A través ...


The Critical Tax Project, Feminist Theory, And Rewriting Judicial Opinions, Bridget J. Crawford 2019 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

The Critical Tax Project, Feminist Theory, And Rewriting Judicial Opinions, Bridget J. Crawford

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Introduction to Symposium on Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Tax Opinions.


Digital Commons powered by bepress