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Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo 2017 Boston University School of Law

Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines recent financial technology (“fintech”) developments to diagnose the federal regulatory institutional framework surrounding innovation. Startups offer artificially intelligent financial assistants, touchless payments, and other potentially game-changing products for individuals. Yet unlike more lightly regulated industries such as retail goods, in consumer finance barriers to entry have insulated the largest businesses from competition. Regulatory insulation helps explain why “Too Big To Fail” banks have become bigger, U.S. innovation has lagged that of foreign countries, and consumers pay higher prices. Taking an institutional lens to this problem reveals an overlooked shortcoming in financial regulation: the organizational design of ...


Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych 2017 DePaul University

Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman 2017 DePaul University

The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye 2017 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad Law Center

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand IV 2017 DePaul University

The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand Iv

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, Tom Baker, Benedict G. C. Dellaert 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, Tom Baker, Benedict G. C. Dellaert

Faculty Scholarship

Automated financial product advisors – “robo advisors” – are emerging across the financial services industry, helping consumers choose investments, banking products, and insurance policies. Robo advisors have the potential to lower the cost and increase the quality and transparency of financial advice for consumers. But they also pose significant new challenges for regulators who are accustomed to assessing human intermediaries. A well-designed robo advisor will be honest and competent, and it will recommend only suitable products. Because humans design and implement robo advisors, however, honesty, competence, and suitability cannot simply be assumed. Moreover, robo advisors pose new scale risks that are different ...


The New Human Equity Transactions, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane M. Ring 2017 Tulane Law School

The New Human Equity Transactions, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane M. Ring

Shu-Yi Oei

This article begins to explore the legal and policy implications of a new form of financing -- income sharing agreements -- which have raised concerns that the effectively created "equity" in humans.


Choice-Of-Law Rules For Secured Transactions: An Interest-Based And Modern Principles-Based Framework For Assessment, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Choice-Of-Law Rules For Secured Transactions: An Interest-Based And Modern Principles-Based Framework For Assessment, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This essay examines the law applicable to secured transactions. It addresses in particular the codification of the choice-of-law rules for secured transactions (STCOL rules). These rules address the laws applicable to the creation, perfection, priority, and enforcement of security interests (security rights)—a form of legislative or statutory dépeçage. It draws on the 2016 UNCITRAL Model Law on Secured Transactions (Model Law) as well as relevant North American law (Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 and the Canadian provincial Personal Property Security Acts). The STCOL rules lie at the heart of the emerged and emerging modern principles of secured transactions law ...


The Government’S Role In Unleashing Impact Investing’S Full Potential, Chelsea McGrath 2017 Pepperdine University

The Government’S Role In Unleashing Impact Investing’S Full Potential, Chelsea Mcgrath

Pepperdine Law Review

Impact investing refers to investments made in organizations, companies, or funds with the intent to generate measurable social or environmental impact along with a financial return. Since its start in 2008, this industry has become a vibrant tool to address a wide variety of local and global issues, resulting in higher standards of living, lower rates of prison recidivism, clean technology and more. Impact investing is no longer a novel concept. Rather, it has successfully pushed the boundaries from the separate methods of conventional investing and philanthropy, blending them together to create sustainable solutions to social and environmental problems. By ...


Discretion To Act: How The Federal Reserve's Decisions Whether To Provide Emergency Loans During The Financial Crisis Were Discretionary And Why Dodd-Frank Falls Short Of Preventing Future Bailouts, John De Vito 2017 Pepperdine University

Discretion To Act: How The Federal Reserve's Decisions Whether To Provide Emergency Loans During The Financial Crisis Were Discretionary And Why Dodd-Frank Falls Short Of Preventing Future Bailouts, John De Vito

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The housing market crash of 2007–2008 threatened to cause the collapse of the United States and global economies. By early 2008, Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, and American International Group all faced the strong possibility of bankruptcy absent government intervention. The Federal Reserve Board of Governors activated its emergency lending powers pursuant to Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act to “bail out” Bear Stearns and American International Group, but elected to let Lehman Brothers fail. Lehman’s bankruptcy led to a run on money market mutual funds, made it impossible for corporations to raise capital, led to widespread ...


The Perfect Storm Is Brewing Once Again: What Scaling Back Dodd-Frank Will Mean For The Credit Default Swap, Daniel Isaacson 2017 Pepperdine University

The Perfect Storm Is Brewing Once Again: What Scaling Back Dodd-Frank Will Mean For The Credit Default Swap, Daniel Isaacson

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The current presidential administration has expressed a concerted desire to “scale back” and even “get rid of” the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd–Frank). Focusing specifically on Dodd–Frank’s regulation of the credit default swap (CDS), this Article explores two timely queries. First, whether Dodd–Frank’s regulatory response to these financial instruments is a justifiable one, and second, what effect a repeal may have. This Article will show that the “perfect storm” CDS—which contributed so significantly to the 2007–2010 financial crisis—flourished in a regulatory environment that contained two key weaknesses ...


A Textual Analysis Of Whistleblower Protections Under The Dodd-Frank Act, Brent T. Murphy 2017 Notre Dame Law School

A Textual Analysis Of Whistleblower Protections Under The Dodd-Frank Act, Brent T. Murphy

Notre Dame Law Review

This Note endorses the reasoning of the Fifth Circuit in Asadi v. G.E. Energy (USA), L.L.C., and argues that the plain language of Dodd-Frank limits its whistleblower protections to individuals who provide information to the SEC. This Note argues that the reasoning of the Second Circuit in Berman v. Neo@Ogilvy LLC relying on the Supreme Court’s decision in King v. Burwell is inapposite, and that the Second Circuit introduced ambiguity where no ambiguity previously existed and improperly extended Chevron deference to the SEC.


$=€=Bitcoin?, Hilary J. Allen 2017 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

$=€=Bitcoin?, Hilary J. Allen

Maryland Law Review

Bitcoin (and other virtual currencies) have the potential to revolutionize the way that payments are processed, but only if they become ubiquitous. This Article argues that if virtual currencies are used at that scale, it would pose threats to the stability of the financial system—threats that have been largely unexplored to date. Such threats will arise because the ability of a virtual currency to function as money is very fragile—Bitcoin can remain money only for so long as people have confidence that bitcoins will be readily accepted by others as a means of payment. Unlike the U.S ...


Online Lenders Shouldn't Get Mad Over Madden, Benjamin Lo 2017 Pepperdine University

Online Lenders Shouldn't Get Mad Over Madden, Benjamin Lo

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The Second Circuit’s surprising decision in Madden v. Midland Funding caused consternation within the financial services industry. There, the Madden Court held that the National Bank Act’s pre-emption of state usury law did not apply to consumer debt sold by banks to third parties. Under the Second Circuit’s ruling, third-party buyers could not be certain of loan values, potentially making consumer finance markets less liquid. This decision immediately sparked concerns from the alternative finance industry, which worried that the secondary market for consumer debt would dry up and reduce consumer credit availability. It also alarmed financial technology ...


Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr. 2017 Selected Works

Offshore Accounts: Insider's Summary Of Fatca And Its Potential Future, J. Richard Harvey Jr.

Richard Harvey

No abstract provided.


Student Loan Derivatives: Improving On Income-Based Approaches To Financing Law School, Benjamin M. Leff, Heather Hughes 2017 Selected Works

Student Loan Derivatives: Improving On Income-Based Approaches To Financing Law School, Benjamin M. Leff, Heather Hughes

Benjamin Leff

No abstract provided.


Best Practice For The Uniform Treatment Of Wire Payments, Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Best Practice For The Uniform Treatment Of Wire Payments, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

Like any method of payment, the wire transfer may be either an "on-us" or interbank payment. In Canada, as long as they are between large banks, interbank wire payments are processed through the Canadian Payments Association's ("CPA") Large Value Transfer System ("LVTS").


From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa, Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

This article explores the various stages in the check payment in which electronic transmission has replaced physical delivery. Part I discusses converting the check into an electronic entry at a point of sale of goods and services. Part II addresses the electronic presentment of a check. Part III deals with the possible conversion of the check from paper to electronic, and vice versa, within the interbank check collection system. Interbank exchange of check images is the subject of Part IV. Part V addresses the electronic order that operates like a check but that has never been in a paper format ...


The Fictitious Payee After Teva V. Bmo: Has The Pendulum Swung Back Far Enough?, Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

The Fictitious Payee After Teva V. Bmo: Has The Pendulum Swung Back Far Enough?, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

Under Section 20(5) of the Bills of Exchange Act (‘‘BEA s. 20(5)”) where on a bill of exchange ‘‘the payee is a fictitious or non-existing person, the bill may be treated as payable to bearer.” A bill of exchange includes a cheque. Where BEA s. 20(5) applies to a cheque, its effect is to reallocate forged endorsement losses from banks involved in the collection and payment of the cheque to the drawer. Quite recently, in commenting on Raza Kayani LLP v. Toronto-Dominion Bank, I highlighted the ongoing confusion in the judicial interpretation of BEA s. 20(5 ...


Electronic Verification Of Wire Payment Orders, Benjamin Geva 2017 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Electronic Verification Of Wire Payment Orders, Benjamin Geva

Benjamin Geva

Over the years, albeit less so in connection with consumer accounts, the bank's absolute liability became subject to exceptions. Particularly, bypassing a classical text explicitly to the contrary, it had been recognized that a customer's fault can lead to the forgery of the customer's own signature and hence to forgery losses.


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