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Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo 2017 Boston University School of Law

Making Innovation More Competitive: The Case Of Fintech, Rory Van Loo

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines recent financial technology (“fintech”) developments to diagnose the federal regulatory institutional framework surrounding innovation. Startups offer artificially intelligent financial assistants, touchless payments, and other potentially game-changing products for individuals. Yet unlike more lightly regulated industries such as retail goods, in consumer finance barriers to entry have insulated the largest businesses from competition. Regulatory insulation helps explain why “Too Big To Fail” banks have become bigger, U.S. innovation has lagged that of foreign countries, and consumers pay higher prices. Taking an institutional lens to this problem reveals an overlooked shortcoming in financial regulation: the organizational design of ...


Collection Of Cryptocurrency Customer-Information: Tax Enforcement Mechanism Or Invasion Of Privacy?, Austin Elliott 2017 Duke Law

Collection Of Cryptocurrency Customer-Information: Tax Enforcement Mechanism Or Invasion Of Privacy?, Austin Elliott

Duke Law & Technology Review

After granting permission to the Internal Revenue Service to serve a digital exchange company a summons for user information, the Federal District Court for the Northern District of California created some uncertainty regarding the privacy of cryptocurrencies. The IRS views this information gathering as necessary for monitoring compliance with Notice 2014-21, which classifies cryptocurrencies as property for tax purposes. Cryptocurrency users, however, view the attempt for information as an infringement on their privacy rights and are seeking legal protection. This Issue Brief investigates the future tax implications of Notice 2014-21 and considers possible routes the cryptocurrency market can take to ...


Legitimacy And Impartiality As Basic Principles For Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Odette Lienau 2017 Cornell Law School

Legitimacy And Impartiality As Basic Principles For Sovereign Debt Restructuring, Odette Lienau

Odette Lienau

This essay suggests that attentiveness to the principles of legitimacy and impartiality may contribute to the instrumental success of any sovereign debt restructuring, and highlights institutional elements or practices often associated with these goals. An additional question can be raised as to whether these principles might have a further claim to special consideration, as part of emerging customary international law or general principles of law. Any determination along these lines is made difficult by the fact that legitimacy is a composite principle, constituted of multiple procedural and substantive norms, and perhaps lacks the necessary specificity to be a legal rule ...


Collaborative Gatekeepers, Stavros Gadinis, Colby Mangels University of California - Berkeley 2017 University of California - Berkeley

Collaborative Gatekeepers, Stavros Gadinis, Colby Mangels University Of California - Berkeley

Stavros Gadinis

In their efforts to hold financial institutions accountable after the 2007 financial crisis, U.S. regulators have repeatedly turned to anti-money-laundering laws. Initially designed to fight drug cartels and terrorists, these laws have recently yielded billion-dollar fines for all types of bank engagement in fraud and have spurred an overhaul of financial institutions’ internal compliance. This increased reliance on anti-money-laundering laws, we argue, is due to distinct features that can better help regulators gain insights into financial fraud. Most other financial laws enlist private firms as gatekeepers and hold them liable if they knowingly or negligently engage in client fraud ...


Canadian Bank Act And Its Implementation Under The Nafta, Michelle Brown Berziel 2017 Southern Methodist University

Canadian Bank Act And Its Implementation Under The Nafta, Michelle Brown Berziel

Law and Business Review of the Americas

No abstract provided.


Bankruptcy - The Last Resort: Protecting The Diocesan Client From Potential Liability Judgments, John B. Jarboe 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Bankruptcy - The Last Resort: Protecting The Diocesan Client From Potential Liability Judgments, John B. Jarboe

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Role Of A Banking System In Nation-Building, John L. Douglas 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The Role Of A Banking System In Nation-Building, John L. Douglas

Maine Law Review

It seems strange to have a discussion of nation-building devoted to the importance of a banking system. After all, when we think of nations, we think of constitutions, borders, and functioning governments. When we think of failed nations, we think of a lack of effective government, a loss of control over society, and a breakdown in law and order. Banks hardly figure into that discussion at all. Indeed, in our society, while banks play an important role, they usually reside quietly in the background. Many of us never set foot in a bank. Our paychecks may be deposited in a ...


Odious Debts And Nation-Building: When The Incubus Departs, Lee C. Buchheit, G. Mitu Gulati 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Odious Debts And Nation-Building: When The Incubus Departs, Lee C. Buchheit, G. Mitu Gulati

Maine Law Review

To most people, the notion that the citizens of a country lucky enough to have ousted a dictator should spend the rest of their lives paying off the debts incurred by that dictator in the name of the state is morally repugnant. This is a situation in which a strict requirement of the law (that governments automatically succeed to, and must honor, the debt obligations of their predecessors) is incongruent with most people’s sense of the morally right outcome. At a superficial level, state responsibility for debts incurred by prior governments resembles the belief that a country carries a ...


Crossing The Line: Prime, Subprime, And Predatory Lending, Nathaniel R. Hull 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Crossing The Line: Prime, Subprime, And Predatory Lending, Nathaniel R. Hull

Maine Law Review

The cornerstone of the “American Dream” has long been marked by the purchase of a home. Most families cannot afford to purchase a home with cash and, almost universally, need financing. Financing for a home purchase begins when a person or couple applies and is preliminarily approved for a home loan by a lender. The lender’s decision to approve is based on a number of different factors that are thought to predict how likely it is for the borrower to repay the loan according to its terms. The factors used to make this prediction have undergone drastic reformulations over ...


Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, Monde Marshall 2017 Pepperdine University

Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, Monde Marshall

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper argues that the current criticisms of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) are ill-informed, and attempts at reforming the system are misguided. The definition of ISDS itself has been, for a long time, limited to investment quasi-judicial bodies or at best arbitration. Analysis of the roots of the ever growing backlash reveals that the main causes for concern are politically negotiated investment treaties, an inherently biased system, lack of transparency, and inconsistent decision-making. Examination of the core reasons behind these complaints leads to the conclusion that the EU Commission’s solution to reform ISDS through a permanent court raises more ...


Maine's Foreclosure Mediation Program: What Should Constitute A Good Faith Effort To Mediate?, Jesse D. Stewart 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Maine's Foreclosure Mediation Program: What Should Constitute A Good Faith Effort To Mediate?, Jesse D. Stewart

Maine Law Review

The collapse of the housing bubble and subsequent financial downturn of 2008 unleashed a flood of foreclosure filings in the Maine courts, threatening the fundamental aspiration of homeownership for many Maine residents. This Comment examines the significant steps Maine has taken to address increased foreclosure filings through the implementation of a foreclosure mediation program and offers concrete suggestions to further improve the program.


Leverage: State Enforcement Actions In The Wake Of The Robo-Sign Scandal, Raymond H. Brescia 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Leverage: State Enforcement Actions In The Wake Of The Robo-Sign Scandal, Raymond H. Brescia

Maine Law Review

In the fall of 2010, the revelations that tens of thousands of foreclosure filings across the nation were likely fraudulent—if not outright criminal—sparked a nation-wide investigation by all fifty state attorneys general to assess the extent of the scandal and its potential impacts, but also to consider likely legal and policy responses to such behavior. One of the tools at the state attorneys general’s disposal that might rein in this behavior includes each state’s Unfair and Deceptive Acts and Practices (UDAP) laws. Such laws typically prohibit “unfair” and “deceptive” practices, which are described loosely in these ...


Horizontal Shareholding And Antitrust Policy, Fiona M. Scott Morton, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 Yale University

Horizontal Shareholding And Antitrust Policy, Fiona M. Scott Morton, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

“Horizontal shareholding” occurs when one or more equity funds own shares of competitors operating in a concentrated product market. For example, the four largest mutual fund companies might be large shareholders of all the major United States air carriers. A growing body of empirical literature concludes that under these conditions market output in the product market is lower and prices higher than they would otherwise be.

Here we consider how the antitrust laws might be applied to this practice, identifying the issues that courts are likely to encounter and attempting to anticipate litigation problems. We assume that neither the mutual ...


Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych 2017 DePaul University

Supremacy Of Law Or Religion: Congress's Power To Amend The Constitution Bypassing Constraints Of The Constitutional Process, Roman Sankovych

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman 2017 DePaul University

The Netflix Tax: Chicago's Extension Of Its Amusement Tax To Include Electronically Delivered Entertainment Faces Numerous Changes And Sets The Stage For Taxing On Streaming-Based Entertainment, Stephanie Cueman

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye 2017 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad Law Center

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform And Consumer Protection Act: The Evolution Of Whistleblower Protections, Employment Contracts And Mandatory Arbitration Agreements, Florence Shu-Acquaye

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand IV 2017 DePaul University

The Eleventh Circuit's Second Shot At Getting It Right: Nonconsensual Nondebtor Releases In Bankruptcy Court, Pierce G. Hand Iv

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, Tom Baker, Benedict G. C. Dellaert 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, Tom Baker, Benedict G. C. Dellaert

Faculty Scholarship

Automated financial product advisors – “robo advisors” – are emerging across the financial services industry, helping consumers choose investments, banking products, and insurance policies. Robo advisors have the potential to lower the cost and increase the quality and transparency of financial advice for consumers. But they also pose significant new challenges for regulators who are accustomed to assessing human intermediaries. A well-designed robo advisor will be honest and competent, and it will recommend only suitable products. Because humans design and implement robo advisors, however, honesty, competence, and suitability cannot simply be assumed. Moreover, robo advisors pose new scale risks that are different ...


The New Human Equity Transactions, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane M. Ring 2017 Tulane Law School

The New Human Equity Transactions, Shu-Yi Oei, Diane M. Ring

Shu-Yi Oei

This article begins to explore the legal and policy implications of a new form of financing -- income sharing agreements -- which have raised concerns that the effectively created "equity" in humans.


Choice-Of-Law Rules For Secured Transactions: An Interest-Based And Modern Principles-Based Framework For Assessment, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Choice-Of-Law Rules For Secured Transactions: An Interest-Based And Modern Principles-Based Framework For Assessment, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This essay examines the law applicable to secured transactions. It addresses in particular the codification of the choice-of-law rules for secured transactions (STCOL rules). These rules address the laws applicable to the creation, perfection, priority, and enforcement of security interests (security rights)—a form of legislative or statutory dépeçage. It draws on the 2016 UNCITRAL Model Law on Secured Transactions (Model Law) as well as relevant North American law (Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 and the Canadian provincial Personal Property Security Acts). The STCOL rules lie at the heart of the emerged and emerging modern principles of secured transactions law ...


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