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International Humanitarian Law Commons

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All Articles in International Humanitarian Law

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957 full-text articles. Page 1 of 27.

Niac Nonsense, The Afghan War, And Combatant Immunity, Jordan J. Paust 2017 University of Houston

Niac Nonsense, The Afghan War, And Combatant Immunity, Jordan J. Paust

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Truck Stop Instead Of Saint Peter's: The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act Is Not Perfect, But It Solves Some Of The Problems Of Sosa And Kiobel, Jonathan S. Tonge 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

A Truck Stop Instead Of Saint Peter's: The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act Is Not Perfect, But It Solves Some Of The Problems Of Sosa And Kiobel, Jonathan S. Tonge

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Ebola Virus Prevention And Human Rights Implications, Florence Shu-Acquaye 2017 University of Massachusetts School of Law

The Ebola Virus Prevention And Human Rights Implications, Florence Shu-Acquaye

University of Massachusetts Law Review

The Ebola virus and its now infamous 2014 West African outbreak have constituted the deadliest and most terrifying epidemic of recent memory. Not only does the epidemic now carry an already ghastly backdrop in the public mind when discussions around it begin, but, like the AIDS epidemic, cultural practices have contributed to the entrenchment of Ebola in Africa, compounded by weak human rights laws and stigmatization, all of these factors having contributed to the multi-faceted and complex nature of addressing the problem of eliminating this disease in Africa. This article examines the African countries that have been plagued by the ...


Beyond Vulnerability: Refugee Women’S Leadership In Jordan, Widad Hassan 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Beyond Vulnerability: Refugee Women’S Leadership In Jordan, Widad Hassan

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

While both men and women are affected by conflicts and humanitarian crises, 80 percent of the world’s refugees and internally displaced persons are women and children, indicating that women experience conflict and war differently. The emphasis on women’s vulnerability during conflicts and humanitarian crises leads to their exclusion from leadership roles and decision-making on humanitarian programs and issues that impact them. Though women experience numerous socio-cultural barriers to exercising leadership in humanitarian settings, they have taken on important roles in emergency response and in refugee camps. This paper traces the progress of UN and humanitarian agencies recognition and ...


Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo 2017 Boston College Law School

Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Old meets new as the Italian mafia capitalizes on the European migration crisis. Beginning with the coordination of Mediterranean voyages and ending with the indefinite exploitation of refugees at mafia-run migrant camps, the mafia has found an opportunity to profit from the crisis at every step of the way. With no end to the constant influx of refugees in sight, and verging on a humanitarian crisis within the camps’ walls, Italy faces a serious problem that requires a multifaceted solution. The Dublin regulations, which mandate registration and application for asylum in the first European Union country of entry, are in ...


Fragmented Wars: Multi-Territorial Military Operations Against Armed Groups, Noam Lubell 2017 University of Essex

Fragmented Wars: Multi-Territorial Military Operations Against Armed Groups, Noam Lubell

International Law Studies

Recent years have seen the emergence of significant legal debate surrounding the use of force against armed groups located in other States. With time, it has become clear that in many cases such operations are not confined to the territory of one other State, but expand to encompass multiple territories and often more than one armed group. This article examines multi-territorial conflicts with armed groups through the lens of several legal frameworks. Among other topics, it analyses the questions surrounding the extension of self-defense into multiple territories, the classification of the hostilities with the group and between involved States, the ...


Around Campus, 2017 DePaul University

Around Campus

DePaul Magazine

A. Gabriel Esteban Named DePaul's 12th President; Dedicated Service: Deans Marisa Alicea and Ray Whittington to Step Down; Embracing Spirits:Centre for World Catholicism and Intercultural Theology Hosts Major Conference; A Place of Refuge: Law Panel Discusses Work Defending Refugee Claims in Greece


Space Weapons And The Law, Bill Boothby 2017 U.S. Naval War College

Space Weapons And The Law, Bill Boothby

International Law Studies

Outer space is of vital importance for numerous civilian and military functions in the modern world. The idea of a space weapon involves something used, intended or designed for employment in, to or from outer space to cause injury or damage to the enemy during an armed conflict. Non-injurious, non-damaging space activities that adversely affect enemy military operations or capacity, though not involving the use of weapons, will nevertheless be methods of warfare. Article III of the Outer Space Treaty makes it clear that international law, including weapons law, applies in outer space. Accordingly, the superfluous injury/unnecessary suffering and ...


Remarks Of Dr. Douglass Cassel, Notre Dame Law School Candidate (United States), Inter-American Commission On Human Rights Special Meeting Of The Oas Permanent Council, Douglass Cassell 2017 Notre Dame Law School

Remarks Of Dr. Douglass Cassel, Notre Dame Law School Candidate (United States), Inter-American Commission On Human Rights Special Meeting Of The Oas Permanent Council, Douglass Cassell

Faculty Lectures and Presentations

Cassel briefly addresses four points:

  • First, while the Commission must process cases, that is not its only mission. The case system is a means, not an end. The goal of the Commission is to contribute to the highest possible level of respect for human rights throughout the hemisphere.
  • In addition, while the case system leads at times to adversarial relations, the proactive role is one in which the Commission and States can and should strive to work together toward common goals.
  • His third point is that we need a Commission that serves the peoples of all OAS member States.
  • Finally ...


Sensors Everywhere: Using Satellites And Mobile Phones To Reduce Information Uncertainty In Human Rights Crisis Research, Christoph Koettl 2017 Amnesty International

Sensors Everywhere: Using Satellites And Mobile Phones To Reduce Information Uncertainty In Human Rights Crisis Research, Christoph Koettl

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article critically reviews the use of ICTs for human rights crisis research. While focusing on two specific technologies—satellite imagery and mobile phone technology—it proposes a general framework for analyzing the added value of ICTs. The author suggests that their added value in mass atrocities research arises from their ability to reduce information uncertainty, a challenge that is exacerbated in the digital age. This is different from delivering “truth”, an inaccurate description that only leads to unfulfilled expectations and hopes. The article is written from a practitioner’s perspective, drawing from the work of a global human rights ...


Jurisdiction, Privacy, And Ownership: Dna Technology And Field Dynamics In Conflict-Related Mass Fatalities, Stefan Schmitt, Dallas Mazoori 2017 Independent Researcher

Jurisdiction, Privacy, And Ownership: Dna Technology And Field Dynamics In Conflict-Related Mass Fatalities, Stefan Schmitt, Dallas Mazoori

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article explores the dynamics and challenges of undertaking human identifications in states experiencing armed conflict or emerging therefrom. It emphasises the integral role of the State in human identifications and the need for the legal acts of the State in identifying an individual and confirming their death to be integrated into any humanitarian response to repatriating the dead. Conflict-related mass fatalities occur in uncontrolled circumstances, making DNA-based human identifications necessary. In states lacking the necessary forensic infrastructure, the promise of expedited human identifications through outsourcing DNA work can lead to the State abdicating the necessary jurisdiction and scientific transparency ...


Legal Status Of Drones Under Loac And International Law, Vivek Sehrawat 2017 Penn State Law

Legal Status Of Drones Under Loac And International Law, Vivek Sehrawat

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Prioritizing National Security At The Expense Of Refugee Rights: The Effects Of H.T. V. Land Baden-Württenberg, Thomas F. Lampert 2017 Boston College Law School

Prioritizing National Security At The Expense Of Refugee Rights: The Effects Of H.T. V. Land Baden-Württenberg, Thomas F. Lampert

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Tensions are high in member states of the European Union as they struggle to accommodate a record number of refugees while simultaneously confronting seemingly regular terrorist attacks. In response to this crisis, the European Court of Justice’s decision in H.T. v. Land Baden-Württenberg continued a trend that began after September 11, 2001, in which countries implement policies that diminish and threaten the rights of refugees. Specifically, the European Court of Justice ruled that legislation governing the distribution of residence permits to refugees impliedly allowed for the revocation of a residence permit from a refugee accused of terrorist activities ...


Willful Blindness Or Deliberate Indifference: The United States' Abdication Of Legal Responsibility To Refugees, Abed A. Ayoub, Yolanda C. Rondon 2017 Barry University School of Law

Willful Blindness Or Deliberate Indifference: The United States' Abdication Of Legal Responsibility To Refugees, Abed A. Ayoub, Yolanda C. Rondon

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Voice For The Voiceless: The Unpo And The Dalai Lama, Jamie N. Brandel 2017 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

A Voice For The Voiceless: The Unpo And The Dalai Lama, Jamie N. Brandel

Senior Theses and Projects

International organizations and international law have suffered from structural issues such as Westphalian sovereignty and submission to state interests. These inherent problems have contributed to the ongoing religious violence and occupation of Tibet since 1951, as Tibet does not qualify as a state under international law. While Tibet is not the only group of peoples who do not have access to international fora because of their stateless status, the Dalai Lama is unique in his platform and authority. The Dalai Lama has been able to take Buddhist values and intertwine them with the more familiar Western human rights concepts, promoting ...


The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention – A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lackner 2017 International Committee of the Red Cross

The Updated Commentary On The First Geneva Convention – A New Tool For Generating Respect For International Humanitarian Law, Lindsey Cameron, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Eve La Haye, Heike Niebergall-Lackner

International Law Studies

Since their publication in the 1950s and the 1980s respectively, the Commentaries on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 have become a major reference for the application and interpretation of these treaties. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), together with a team of renowned experts, is currently updating these Commentaries in order to document developments and provide up-to-date interpretations. The work on the first updated Commentary, the Commentary on the First Geneva Convention relating to the protection of the wounded and sick in the armed forces, has already been finalized. This article provides ...


Combat Losses Of Nuclear-Powered Warships: Contamination, Collateral Damage And The Law, Akira Mayama 2017 Osaka University Graduate School of International Public Policy

Combat Losses Of Nuclear-Powered Warships: Contamination, Collateral Damage And The Law, Akira Mayama

International Law Studies

There have been non-combat losses of nuclear-powered warships during sea trials and peacetime patrol missions. Nuclear contamination is spreading from some of these sinking sites. It is also conceivable that combat losses of nuclear-powered warships could cause contamination of civilians, civilian objects and the natural environment. If such combat losses occur at sea, both belligerent and neutral States will have to deal with a difficult question: to what extent and by who can harm resulting from such contamination be compensated for payment of damages. This article examines legal issues stemming from prospective combat losses of nuclear-powered warships from the perspectives ...


A Human Rights Perspective To Global Battlefield Detention: Time To Reconsider Indefinite Detention, Yuval Shany 2017 Hebrew University of Jerusalem

A Human Rights Perspective To Global Battlefield Detention: Time To Reconsider Indefinite Detention, Yuval Shany

International Law Studies

This article discusses one principal challenge to detention without trial of suspected international terrorists—the international human rights law (IHRL) norm requiring the introduction of an upper limit on the duration of security detention in order to render it not indefinite in length. Part One of this article describes the “hardline” position on security detention, adopted by the United States in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks (followed, with certain variations, by other countries, including the United Kingdom and the State of Israel), according to which international terrorism suspects can be deprived of their liberty without trial ...


Justice For Noncitizens: A Case For Reforming The Immigration Legal System, Anna Paden Carson 2017 Washington and Lee University

Justice For Noncitizens: A Case For Reforming The Immigration Legal System, Anna Paden Carson

VA Engage Journal

The immigration legal system exists as a function of the executive branch rather than the judicial branch, and many of the constitutional rights guaranteed in a judicial court do not continue into the immigration legal sphere. Noncitizen defendants in the immigration court system are not guaranteed the same due process rights or right to appointed counsel as United States citizens, which severely limits their chance of a successful outcome. Moreover, while many noncitizens await their trials in these courts, they are often placed in one of the 234 immigration detention facilities across the nation, which further exacerbates the direness of ...


No Lost Generations: Refugee Children And Their Human Right To Education, From The Holocaust To The Syrian Civil War, Jessica Warner 2017 University of Washington Tacoma

No Lost Generations: Refugee Children And Their Human Right To Education, From The Holocaust To The Syrian Civil War, Jessica Warner

MAIS Projects and Theses

International law protects the right to education for refugee children, as is stated in multiple treaties and documents, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951), the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966), and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1990). The purpose of this research is to highlight the historical development of education for refugee children, through programs led by Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs), as well as to emphasize the importance of education as part of current humanitarian interventions. This thesis examines a past example ...


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