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Armed Groups’ Compliance With International Law: A Study In The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Need To Improve Them- (Part I), salwa elekyabi Dr. 2022 Consultant/Advisor, Academic Affairs -General Directorate, Educational & Vocational Institutions Review - Bahrain

Armed Groups’ Compliance With International Law: A Study In The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Need To Improve Them- (Part I), Salwa Elekyabi Dr.

UAE University Law Journal مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية

(Part I)

While current core rules governing armed conflicts has remained almost the same since the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and its two additional protocols of 1977, the nature of non-international armed conflicts has gone under a tremendous development. This poses a question on whether there is a need to develop the rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) applicable to Armed Groups in times of non-international armed conflicts to cope with the changes in the armed conflicts layout. Accordingly, this article is addressing this question and examining ways to improve armed groups’ compliance with the provisions of IHL ...


International Child Law And The Settlement Of Ukraine-Russia And Other Conflicts, Diane Marie Amann 2022 U.S. Naval War College

International Child Law And The Settlement Of Ukraine-Russia And Other Conflicts, Diane Marie Amann

International Law Studies

The Ukraine-Russia conflict has wreaked disproportionate harms upon children. Hundreds reportedly were killed or wounded within the opening months of the conflict, thousands lost loved ones, and millions left their homes, their schools, and their communities. Yet public discussions of how to settle the conflict contain very little at all about children. This article seeks to change that dynamic. It builds on a relatively recent trend, one that situates human rights within the structure of peace negotiations, to push for particularized treatment of children’s experiences, needs, rights, and capacities in eventual negotiations. The article draws upon twenty-first century projects ...


Minds Circumscribed By Fear. A Review Of Garrisoned Minds: Women And Armed Conflicts In South Asia, Edited By Lazmi Murthy And Mitu Varma, Kushal Srivastava 2022 Rashtriya Raksha University, Gujarat, India

Minds Circumscribed By Fear. A Review Of Garrisoned Minds: Women And Armed Conflicts In South Asia, Edited By Lazmi Murthy And Mitu Varma, Kushal Srivastava

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Neutral State Access To Ukraine’S Food Exports, James Kraska 2022 U.S. Naval War College

Neutral State Access To Ukraine’S Food Exports, James Kraska

International Law Studies

This article originally appeared in Articles of War, the online publication of the Lieber Institute at the U.S. Military Academy, May 18, 2022, https://lieber.westpoint.edu/neutral-state-access-ukraines-food-exports/.


Maritime Exclusion Zones In Armed Conflicts, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo 2022 U.S. Naval War College

Maritime Exclusion Zones In Armed Conflicts, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo

International Law Studies

This article originally appeared in Articles of War, the online publication of the Lieber Institute at the U.S. Military Academy, Apr. 12, 2022, https://lieber.westpoint.edu/maritime-exclusion-zones-armed-conflicts/.


The Attack On The Vasily Bekh And Targeting Logistics Ships, James Kraska 2022 U.S. Naval War College

The Attack On The Vasily Bekh And Targeting Logistics Ships, James Kraska

International Law Studies

This article originally appeared in Articles of War, the online publication of the Lieber Institute at the U.S. Military Academy, July 11, 2022, https://lieber.westpoint.edu/attack-vasily-bekh-targeting-logistics-ships/.


Subjecting Armed Groups To International Law: A Study On The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Extent Of Their Development(Part Ii), Dr. salwa elekyabi 2022 مستشار الشؤون الأكاديمية – إدارة مراجعة أداء مؤسسات التعليم العالي هيئة جودة التعليم والتدريب - البحرين

Subjecting Armed Groups To International Law: A Study On The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Extent Of Their Development(Part Ii), Dr. Salwa Elekyabi

Journal Sharia and Law

While current core rules governing armed conflicts has remained almost the same since the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and its two additional protocols of 1977, the nature of non-international armed conflicts has gone under a tremendous development. This poses a question on whether there is a need to develop the rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) applicable to Armed Groups in times of non-international armed conflicts to cope with the changes in the armed conflicts layout. Accordingly, this article is addressing this question and examining ways to improve armed groups’ compliance to the provisions of the IHL.

This ...


The Long Migration Route: Exploring Social Implications For Asylees In The Us And Policy Creation In Transit Countries As A Result Of Immigration Patterns Of African And Haitian Asylum-Seekers Traveling Through Latin America To The United States, Brendan Rupprecht 2022 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

The Long Migration Route: Exploring Social Implications For Asylees In The Us And Policy Creation In Transit Countries As A Result Of Immigration Patterns Of African And Haitian Asylum-Seekers Traveling Through Latin America To The United States, Brendan Rupprecht

Capstone Collection

The number of asylum-seekers from African nations and Haiti traveling from their origin countries, through Latin America, and then to the United States is increasing. This capstone explores why Africans and Haitians are choosing to embark on this journey, what the experience is like for the asylum-seekers (including mapping the physical route taken), and what policies have been developed in transit countries, specifically Panama and Mexico, as a response to this phenomenon. To fulfill the objectives of the study, data was collected by conducting semi- structured interviews with 4 individuals who currently work in the field of international migration and ...


Regional Immigration Enforcement, Fatma Marouf 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law

Regional Immigration Enforcement, Fatma Marouf

Faculty Scholarship

Regional disparities in immigration enforcement have existed for decades, yet they remain largely overlooked in immigration law scholarship. This Article theorizes that bottom-up pressure from states and localities, combined with top-down pressures and policies established by the President, produce these regional disparities. The Article then provides an empirical analysis demonstrating enormous variations in how Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s twenty-four field offices engage in federal enforcement around the United States. By analyzing data related to detainers, arrests, removals, and detention across these field offices, the Article demonstrates substantial differences between field offices located in sanctuary and anti-sanctuary regions, as well ...


Decolonizing The Corpus: A Queer Decolonial Re-Examination Of Gender In International Law's Origins, David Eichert 2022 London School of Economics

Decolonizing The Corpus: A Queer Decolonial Re-Examination Of Gender In International Law's Origins, David Eichert

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article builds upon queer feminist and decolonial/TWAIL interventions into the history of international law, questioning the dominant discourses about gender and sexual victimhood in the laws of armed conflict. In Part One, I examine how early European international law writers (re)produced binary and hierarchical ideas about gender in influential legal texts, discursively creating a world in which wartime violence only featured men and women in strictly defined roles (a construction which continues to influence the practice of law today). In Part Two, I decenter these dominant discourses by looking outside Europe, questioning what a truly “international” law ...


What Nations Owe Each Other Before The Next Pandemic, Lawrence O. Gostin, Kevin A. Klock, Sam F. Halabi, Katie Gottschalk, Katherine Ginsbach, Kashish Aneja 2022 Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

What Nations Owe Each Other Before The Next Pandemic, Lawrence O. Gostin, Kevin A. Klock, Sam F. Halabi, Katie Gottschalk, Katherine Ginsbach, Kashish Aneja

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

On December 1, 2021, the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution establishing an Intergovernmental Negotiating Body (INB) to determine the content and form of a new pandemic agreement. A portion of the public has advocated for a non-binding agreement while others stress that nationalism should be prevented, with steps taken to monitor and enforce national compliance. The INB has needed to grapple with how the principle of national sovereignty, and the accompanying principle of non-interference, will be addressed with respect to the agreement’s content and form, including obligations to share data, resources, and personnel, and to relinquish control over ...


Book Review: Armed Conflict, Women And Climate Change, Shelly Clay-Robison 2022 George Mason University

Book Review: Armed Conflict, Women And Climate Change, Shelly Clay-Robison

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Cities Of God Under Occupation: Settler Colonial Practices And Pacification In The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro And The Occupied Palestinian Territories, Amanda Pimenta da Silva 2022 American University in Cairo

Cities Of God Under Occupation: Settler Colonial Practices And Pacification In The Favelas Of Rio De Janeiro And The Occupied Palestinian Territories, Amanda Pimenta Da Silva

Theses and Dissertations

The 2002 film ‘City of God’ tells an anecdotal story of violence in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, and is a reminder that the societies we tend to take for granted can actually be a luxury. The film portrays the daily life of the peripheries of Rio and its relation with drug trafficking, crime, and poverty, and how it has deteriorated into a war zone so dangerous that anyone risk being shot to death. Thousands of miles away from the Brazilian slums there is another so-called city of God, or the city chosen by God to be the home ...


The Violence In Our Humanity: Principles, Action, And The Erosion Of State Sovereignty, Rasheed Idou 2022 American University in Cairo

The Violence In Our Humanity: Principles, Action, And The Erosion Of State Sovereignty, Rasheed Idou

Theses and Dissertations

The past two decades have witnessed an increasing number of armed conflicts, both inter- and intra-nationally, and an even more increasing number of multilateral military interventions without UN Security Council authorization. Central to the discussion of these interventions are the themes of humanitarianism and state sovereignty. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between humanitarian imperatives and principles of sovereignty within the context of armed conflict to better understand the tensions that have led to the current global outcomes. In so doing, it identifies how humanitarian principles, imperatives, and actions have affected the contemporary conception of state ...


The Federal Global Migration And Quarantine Network: A Report From The National Academies Of Sciences, Engineering, And Medicine, Lawrence O. Gostin, Georges C. Benjamin, Tequam Worku 2022 Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

The Federal Global Migration And Quarantine Network: A Report From The National Academies Of Sciences, Engineering, And Medicine, Lawrence O. Gostin, Georges C. Benjamin, Tequam Worku

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The COVID-19 pandemic thrust the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) into the epicenter of the national response. DGMQ is charged with preventing the importation of infectious diseases at land and sea borders and the spread of those diseases within the US. For more than 50 years, the agency’s comprehensive quarantine system, its regulatory powers, and scientific guidance has placed DGMQ at the forefront of emergency response. CDC requested the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) to assess the performance of the DGMQ during the COVID-19 pandemic, covering ...


A New Architecture For Global Health Emergency Preparedness And Response—The Imperative Of Equity, Lawrence O. Gostin 2022 Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

A New Architecture For Global Health Emergency Preparedness And Response—The Imperative Of Equity, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Even before COVID-19 emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, the prevailing global narrative was inequity—in health, income, race, and socioeconomic status. COVID-19 amplified all these inequities. Early in the pandemic, low-income countries were left without key medical resources, such as diagnostic tests, personal protective equipment, and ventilators. By 2021, inequitable vaccine distribution captured global attention and outrage. This year, high-income countries have bought the lion’s share of Paxlovid, a highly effective antiviral treatment. Vaccine inequities remain with only 16% of people in low-income countries having received at least 1 vaccine dose vs 80% of people across high-income ...


At Long Last, Who Member States Agree To Fix Its Financing Problem, Alexandra Finch, Kevin A. Klock, Eric A. Friedman, Lawrence O. Gostin 2022 O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University Law Center

At Long Last, Who Member States Agree To Fix Its Financing Problem, Alexandra Finch, Kevin A. Klock, Eric A. Friedman, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Those who deeply care about improving the health and well-being of all people no matter their personal circumstances have long argued that sustainably financing the World Health Organization is a cornerstone imperative—and for good reason. WHO is the only institution with the mandate and legitimacy to sit at the center of the global health architecture and bring together all stakeholders to coordinate and execute all-of-humanity approaches. Now after decades of inaction, WHO's member states have agreed to substantially improve the agency’s financing model, giving it greater flexibility and enhanced capacity to fulfill its mandate as the world ...


Taking Responsibility Under International Law: Human Trafficking And Colombia’S Venezuelan Migration Crisis, Luz Estella Nagle, Juan Manuel Zarama 2022 Stetson University College of Law

Taking Responsibility Under International Law: Human Trafficking And Colombia’S Venezuelan Migration Crisis, Luz Estella Nagle, Juan Manuel Zarama

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

For more than six million Venezuelans, crossing international borders has become imperative to ensuring security and a livelihood that their country has failed to assure. These migrants and refugees, particularly young women and children, are vulnerable to many depredations, criminal acts, and the risk of becoming trafficking victims for forced labor and sexual slavery. This article focuses on State responsibility for migrant populations and analyzes conditions in Venezuela that caused a massive migration, the conditions in Colombia as a host State, the uncertain status of Venezuelan migrants in Colombia, and human trafficking and its impact on the migrant population.


Epidemics And International Law: The Need For International Regulation, Claudio Grossman 2022 American University Washington College of Law

Epidemics And International Law: The Need For International Regulation, Claudio Grossman

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This article presents comments by the author made to open the Miami Law Review conference on Epidemics1 and International Law.2 Its main purpose is to refer to the impact of COVID-19 on different norms and legal regimes, focusing mainly on the 2005 International Health Regulations (IHR), addressing areas of reform as well as the interactions of those norms with international human rights law. This will include the proposals of change for the 2005 IHR, designed to better protect vulnerable peoples in future global health crises. Some of the ideas presented in this contribution are included in a proposal that ...


Armed Groups’ Compliance With International Law: A Study In The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Need To Improve Them, Dr. Salwa Y. Elekyabi 2022 Consultant/Advisor, Academic Affairs | General Directorate, Educational & Vocational Institutions Review

Armed Groups’ Compliance With International Law: A Study In The Rules Of International Humanitarian Law And The Need To Improve Them, Dr. Salwa Y. Elekyabi

Journal Sharia and Law

While current core rules governing armed conflicts has remained almost the same since the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and its two additional protocols of 1977, the nature of non-international armed conflicts has gone under a tremendous development. This poses a question on whether there is a need to develop the rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) applicable to Armed Groups in times of non-international armed conflicts to cope with the changes in the armed conflicts layout. Accordingly, this article is addressing this question and examining ways to improve armed groups’ compliance with the provisions of IHL. This article ...


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