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Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


Unlucky Or Risky? Unobserved Heterogeneity And Experience Rating In Insurance Markets, Levon Barseghyan, Francesca Molinari, Darcy Steeg Morris, Joshua C. Teitelbaum 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Unlucky Or Risky? Unobserved Heterogeneity And Experience Rating In Insurance Markets, Levon Barseghyan, Francesca Molinari, Darcy Steeg Morris, Joshua C. Teitelbaum

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

We investigate whether an insured's claims experience contains valuable information about its latent risk type. Using data on households' claims histories in auto and home insurance, we estimate the variance-covariance matrix of unobserved heterogeneity and utilize the estimates to update a priori predictions about the households' claim risk. The estimates reveal that unobserved heterogeneity is positively correlated across coverages. We then explore how households' demand for insurance would respond to experience rating under different theories of risky choice, and we discuss what our findings imply about the economic consequences of legal restrictions on experience rating.


Remembering The Bay Of Pigs: Using Letters Of Credit To Facilitate The Resolution Of International Disputes, Gerald T. McLaughlin 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Remembering The Bay Of Pigs: Using Letters Of Credit To Facilitate The Resolution Of International Disputes, Gerald T. Mclaughlin

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Section 1: Moot Court: King V. Burwell, Institute of Bill of Rights Law at The College of William & Mary School of Law 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Section 1: Moot Court: King V. Burwell, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Inference Under Stability Of Risk Preferences, Levon Barseghyan, Francesca Molinari, Joshua C. Teitelbaum 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Inference Under Stability Of Risk Preferences, Levon Barseghyan, Francesca Molinari, Joshua C. Teitelbaum

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

We leverage the assumption that preferences are stable across contexts to partially identify and conduct inference on the parameters of a structural model of risky choice. Working with data on households' deductible choices across three lines of insurance coverage and a model that nests expected utility theory plus a range of non-expected utility models, we perform a revealed preference analysis that yields household-specific bounds on the model parameters. We then impose stability and other structural assumptions to tighten the bounds, and we explore what we can learn about households' risk preferences from the intervals defined by the bounds. We further ...


Studying Is Dangerous? Possible Federal Remedies For Study Abroad Liability, Robert J. Aalberts, Chad G. Marzen, Darren A. Prum 2014 SelectedWorks

Studying Is Dangerous? Possible Federal Remedies For Study Abroad Liability, Robert J. Aalberts, Chad G. Marzen, Darren A. Prum

Chad G. Marzen

Every year, thousands of U.S. students study abroad for academic credit. Study abroad programs have traditionally garnered strong congressional support, and proponents of the programs emphasize the educational, cultural, and diplomatic benefits from study abroad experiences.

Despite the many benefits of study abroad programs, risks are incurred overseas. In the past several years, a number of incidents have resulted in which students studying abroad have not only incurred physical harm, but in some instances have died while enrolled in a study abroad program. The current liability standards governing study abroad programs are murky. This article not only discusses the ...


The Unintended Federalism Consequences Of The Affordable Care Act’S Insurance Market Reforms, Joshua Phares Ackerman 2014 Pace University

The Unintended Federalism Consequences Of The Affordable Care Act’S Insurance Market Reforms, Joshua Phares Ackerman

Pace Law Review

This Article, which is the first to examine the relationship between the ACA’s insurance market reforms and state regulation of insurance, argues that states’ decisions to forego creating their own exchanges may mark the beginning of an important shift of regulatory authority from the states to the federal government. It begins by sketching the historical antecedents of the current allocation of state and federal authority over insurance regulation. The aim of this discussion is to highlight the unique role states play in the regulation of insurance as opposed to other financial products. Part III explains the pre-ACA structure of ...


Summary Of Century Sur. Co. V. Casino W., Inc., 130 Adv. Nev. Op. 42, Michael Paretti 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Summary Of Century Sur. Co. V. Casino W., Inc., 130 Adv. Nev. Op. 42, Michael Paretti

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The court determined whether two distinct provisions of an insurance policy regarding air pollution were subject to multiple reasonable interpretations.


Building A Better Laboratory: The Federal Role In Promoting Health System Experimentation, Kristin Madison 2014 Pepperdine University

Building A Better Laboratory: The Federal Role In Promoting Health System Experimentation, Kristin Madison

Pepperdine Law Review

While expanding federal involvement in the health care system, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) preserves states' roles as policy laboratories and private providers' roles as health care delivery laboratories. State-based and provider-based laboratories suffer from many shortcomings, however, as mechanisms to develop, evaluate, and facilitate diffusion of reforms within the health system. This Article argues that the federal government can take steps to address these shortcomings. It first briefly reviews ACA provisions that promote policy and delivery experimentation. It then suggests that by tying funding to policy outcomes, making use of regulatory variation and regulatory menus, and ...


Resolving The Double Liability Problem: A Critique Of California's Mechanics Lien Statute, Terrence Nguyen 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Resolving The Double Liability Problem: A Critique Of California's Mechanics Lien Statute, Terrence Nguyen

University of Massachusetts Law Review

California’s mechanics lien statute allows a sub-contractor to file a lien on a homeowner’s property when a direct contractor, for whom the sub-contractor worked, has failed to pay the sub-contractor. The statute compels the homeowner to pay the sub-contractor even when the homeowner has paid the direct contractor in full. This Note argues that California’s mechanics lien statute is too broad, because the statute does not provide any exception for a homeowner who has paid the direct contractor in full. Specifically, this Note argues that California’s mechanics lien statute violates public policy, as well as constitutional ...


Reforming Consumer-Insurer Dispute Resolution In The Auto Insurance Industry, Cassandra Roeder 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Reforming Consumer-Insurer Dispute Resolution In The Auto Insurance Industry, Cassandra Roeder

Student Award Winning Papers

No abstract provided.


The New Flat Tax: A Modest Proposal For A Constitutionally Apportioned Wealth Tax, John Plecnik 2014 Cleveland State University

The New Flat Tax: A Modest Proposal For A Constitutionally Apportioned Wealth Tax, John Plecnik

Articles and Essays

This Article is the first to propose a solution that complies with the Apportionment Clause without imposing different rates in different states. This Article discusses the practical and administrative issues with implementing a wealth tax in the United States as well as the substantive fairness of such a tax relative to the income and consumption tax regimes. This article describes the Apportionment Clause, so-called direct taxes, and the constitutional issues with implementing a wealth tax. It also describes prior proposals to circumvent the Apportionment Clause for the sake of a wealth tax. It also outlines a modest proposal to pass ...


Summary Of Wingco V. Gov’T Emps. Ins. Co., 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 20, Michael Paretti, Craig Friedel 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Summary Of Wingco V. Gov’T Emps. Ins. Co., 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 20, Michael Paretti, Craig Friedel

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined whether NRS 687B.145(3), which provides that a motor vehicle insurer must offer its insured the option of purchasing medical payment coverage, requires written rejection of medical coverage by the insured to be valid.


Pro-Rata Apportionment In “Long-Tail” Contamination Cases: Will Presumed Efficiencies Undercut Environmental Cleanups?, Benjamin S. Reilly 2014 Boston College Law School

Pro-Rata Apportionment In “Long-Tail” Contamination Cases: Will Presumed Efficiencies Undercut Environmental Cleanups?, Benjamin S. Reilly

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Environmental contamination often causes injuries that occur over long periods of time. These “long-tail” injuries, which tend to span periods during which a liable party was covered by multiple insurers, do not map neatly onto standard indemnification insurance policies. As a result, liable parties and their insurers frequently engage in protracted litigation to minimize the portion that they must contribute to environmental remediation projects. In Boston Gas Co. v. Century Indemnity, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit upheld an application of Massachusetts’s recently announced pro rata apportionment rule, which greatly reduced the insurer’s liability ...


Are Defined Contribution Pension Plans Fit For Purpose In Retirement?, Jeremy R. Cooper 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Are Defined Contribution Pension Plans Fit For Purpose In Retirement?, Jeremy R. Cooper

Seattle University Law Review

This Article considers the historical basis for the shift from defined benefit plans to defined contribution plans, the structural and practical shortcomings of defined contribution plans, alternate pension models, and adjustments to existing retirement plan models that may offer a degree of protection to plan contributors. Like the United States, Australia is now realizing the limitations of a defined contribution retirement system insofar as it relates the provision of reliable retirement income for a population with increasing life expectancy. Unlike defined contribution plans, defined benefit plans provide a benefit based typically on time served and a predetermined proportion of either ...


Comparative Effectiveness Research As Choice Architecture: The Behavioral Law And Economics Solution To The Health Care Cost Crisis, Russell Korobkin 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Comparative Effectiveness Research As Choice Architecture: The Behavioral Law And Economics Solution To The Health Care Cost Crisis, Russell Korobkin

Michigan Law Review

With the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) set to dramatically increase access to medical care, the problem of rising costs will move center stage in health law and policy discussions. “Consumer directed health care” proposals, which provide patients with financial incentives to equate marginal costs and benefits of care at the point of treatment, demand more decisionmaking ability from consumers than is plausible due to bounded rationality. Proposals that seek to change the incentives of health care providers threaten to create conflicts of interest between doctors and patients. New approaches are desperately needed. This Article proposes a government-facilitated ...


"Why Won't My Homeowners Insurance Cover My Loss?": Reassessing Property Insurance Concurrent Causation Coverage Disputes, Peter N. Swisher 2014 University of Richmond

"Why Won't My Homeowners Insurance Cover My Loss?": Reassessing Property Insurance Concurrent Causation Coverage Disputes, Peter N. Swisher

Law Faculty Publications

Property insurance coverage disputes can be extremely complex cases when there are multiple concurrent causes in a causal chain of events and when some of these concurrent causes are covered under the policy language but other concurrent causes are excluded from coverage. To complicate matters enormously, there are no fewer than three different judicial approaches attempting to resolve this concurrent causation interpretive conundrum. Over the past two decades, a number of property insurance companies have attempted to address this interpretive problem contractually by inserting so-called anti-concurrent causation clauses into their property insurance policy language. But these anti-concurrent causation clauses have ...


Regulating Systemic Risk In Insurance, Daniel Schwarcz, Steven L. Schwarcz 2014 Duke Law

Regulating Systemic Risk In Insurance, Daniel Schwarcz, Steven L. Schwarcz

Faculty Scholarship

As exemplified by the dramatic failure of American International Group (AIG), insurance companies and their affiliates played a central role in the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. It is therefore not surprising that the Dodd-Frank Act – the United States’ primary legislative response to the crisis – contained an entire title dedicated to insurance regulation, which has traditionally been the responsibility of individual states. The most important of these insurance-focused reforms in Dodd-Frank empowered the Federal Reserve Bank to impose an additional layer of regulatory scrutiny on top of state insurance regulation for a small number of “systemically important” insurers, such as AIG ...


Fiscal Federalism As Risk-Sharing: The Insurance Role Of Redistributive Taxation, John R. Brooks 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Fiscal Federalism As Risk-Sharing: The Insurance Role Of Redistributive Taxation, John R. Brooks

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In addition to funding government and redistributing income, a redistributive tax-and-transfer system, and a progressive income tax in particular, provides insurance against the risk of uncertain future income. By providing for high taxes for high incomes, and low taxes, exemptions, and transfers for low incomes, a progressive income tax lowers the volatility of potential after-tax income relative to a lump-sum tax. This insurance function is distinct from the redistributive function of the system, since it provides a direct risk-mitigation benefit to the taxpayer himself, rather than simply redistributing income from one taxpayer to another.

This article analyzes the question of ...


From Contract To Legislation: The Logic Of Modern International Lawmaking, Timothy L. Meyer 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

From Contract To Legislation: The Logic Of Modern International Lawmaking, Timothy L. Meyer

Scholarly Works

The future of international lawmaking is in peril. Both trade and climate negotiations have failed to produce a multilateral agreement since the mid-1990s, while the U.N. Security Council has been unable to comprehensively respond to the humanitarian crisis in Syria. In response to multilateralism’s retreat, many prominent commentators have called for international institutions to be given the power to bind holdout states — often rising or reluctant powers such as China and the United States — without their consent. In short, these proposals envision international law traveling the road taken by federal systems such as the United States and the ...


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