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Indus Basin Water Management Under International Law, Dr. Waseem Ahmad Qureshi 2018 Advocate, Supreme Court of Pakistan

Indus Basin Water Management Under International Law, Dr. Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

The management of international watercourses is a prominent global issue, owing to the rapid growth of water scarcity worldwide. This issue is particularly dominant in the Indus Basin, which India and Pakistan share. Both states use the water of the Indus Basin for irrigation, hydropower generation, and multiple other purposes. However, certain Indian water management projects are threatening the current water management infrastructure in Pakistan by substantially obstructing the flow of water in the Pakistani western rivers. In this regard, the Indus Waters Treaty provides recommendations to both states for adequately managing the Indus waters. Moreover, there are several principles ...


Covariant Risk And Nutrient Credit Training, Brian Sawers 2018 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Covariant Risk And Nutrient Credit Training, Brian Sawers

Endnotes

Every summer, a dead zone is created in the Chesapeake Bay. The dead zone is created by too much of a good thing: nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. The largest source of excess nutrients in the Chesapeake is agriculture; manure and artificial fertilizers are washed into streams that eventually reach the bay. In the bay, nitrogen and phosphorus create an algae bloom, which consumes all the dissolved oxygen. Some fish escape, but other creatures expire in this dead sea within the Chesapeake Bay.

To reduce the excess nutrients reaching the bay, several states are experimenting with nutrient credit trading. A ...


Connecticut’S Evolving Views Of Riparian Rights And The Public Trust, Terence H. McAllister 2018 Boston College Law School

Connecticut’S Evolving Views Of Riparian Rights And The Public Trust, Terence H. Mcallister

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Waterbury v. Washington came to the Connecticut Supreme Court as a dispute over water rights that could have been resolved via a number of statutory or common law doctrines. Instead, the court sought to articulate a uniform theory of riparian law in Connecticut, acknowledging all of these competing doctrines. This uniform theory was one of regulated riparianism. After articulating this standard, the court left many decisions to be worked out by lower courts. Since Waterbury was decided, those lower courts have struggled to incorporate a view that reconciles the public trust doctrine in light of Connecticut’s statutory scheme. Many ...


Water Governance In Haiti: An Assessment Of Laws And Institutional Capacities, Ryan Stoa 2018 Florida International University College of Law

Water Governance In Haiti: An Assessment Of Laws And Institutional Capacities, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

The Republic of Haiti struggles to sustainably manage its water resources. Public health is compromised by low levels of water supply, sanitation, and hygiene, and water resources are often contaminated and unsustainably allocated. While poor governance is often blamed for these shortcomings, the laws and institutions regulating water resources in Haiti are poorly understood, especially by the international community. This study brings together and analyzes Haitian water laws, assesses institutional capacities, and provides a case study of water management in northern Haiti in order to provide a more complete picture of the sector. Funded by the Inter-American Development Bank as ...


Wyoming V. Zinke, Jaclyn Van Natta 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Wyoming V. Zinke, Jaclyn Van Natta

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Wyoming v. Zinke, the Bureau of Land Management attempted to update a regulation governing hydraulic fracturing from the 1980s, but oil and gas industry companies opposed, and brought suit. The district court held in favor of the industry petitioners, and the Bureau of Land Management and citizen group intervenors appealed. In the wake of appeal, Donald J. Trump became President of the United States. The administration change caused the Bureau of Land Management to alter its position and align with the new administration. Secretary of the Interior, Ryan Zinke, via executive order, began rescinding the new fracking regulation, which ...


Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi 2018 Pepperdine University

Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Since India and Pakistan’s independence in 1947, both states have fought over the occupied territories of Kashmir to gain control of water supplies, which are strategically valuable. Even in recent times, the countries are facing constant threats from each other over several separate issues. India and Pakistan’s water conflicts are long-standing and relate to Indian infrastructure on the western tributaries. Pakistan is of the view that India is robbing Pakistan’s water supplies and building its water management capacity only as a political maneuver to gain political supremacy by practicing hydro-hegemony. On the other hand, India maintains that ...


Albuquerque Journal Interviews Reed Benson, Supreme Court Hears Nm-Texas Water Dispute, Reed D. Benson 2018 University of New Mexico School of Law

Albuquerque Journal Interviews Reed Benson, Supreme Court Hears Nm-Texas Water Dispute, Reed D. Benson

Faculty Scholarship

Article by Michael Coleman

Quote:

Reed Benson, a University of New Mexico professor specializing in water law, said the Supreme Court’s task in deciding the U.S. government’s role is “very legalistic – very much a technical reading of what is and is not in the compact.”

“I actually have thought that New Mexico’s chances in front of the nine justices may be a little bit better than some people thought,” Benson said. “Some of those justices may be persuaded by the plain text argument – that New Mexico’s obligations are measured at Elephant Butte and once New ...


Reviewing Reservoir Operations: Can Federal Water Projects Adapt To Change?, Reed D. Benson 2018 University of New Mexico School of Law

Reviewing Reservoir Operations: Can Federal Water Projects Adapt To Change?, Reed D. Benson

Reed D. Benson

This Article begins by reviewing the purposes for federal water projects, and identifies some of the trade-offs involved in operating projects for certain purposes. It then addresses the legal factors that determine or influence project operations, beginning with project authorizing statutes and ending with federal environmental laws. The Article examines Corps and Bureau policies regarding project operating plans, the reasons for agency reluctance to review and revise their plans, and some of the factors that prompt the agencies to proceed with reviews. It then summarizes periodic review requirements in two analogous contexts—federal land management plans, and hydropower project licenses ...


Bitterrooters For Planning, Inc. V. Montana Department Of Environmental Quality, Rebecca A. Newsom 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Bitterrooters For Planning, Inc. V. Montana Department Of Environmental Quality, Rebecca A. Newsom

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Bitterrooters for Planning, Inc. v. Montana Department of Environmental Quality, the Montana Supreme Court found that the Montana Department of Environmental Quality did not violate the Montana Environmental Policy Act when the department issued a wastewater discharge permit for a large retail merchandise store. This decision enforced a narrow interpretation of agency requirements under the Montana Department of Environmental Quality Act, focusing only on direct effects with a close causal connection to the agency action.


Instream Flow Regulation: Plugging The Holes In Maine's Water Law, Bradford R. Bowman 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Instream Flow Regulation: Plugging The Holes In Maine's Water Law, Bradford R. Bowman

Maine Law Review

States East of the Mississippi River have long relied on the traditional common law of riparian rights to manage their water resources. Towards the end of the Twentieth Century, rising demand for consumptive water use due to population growth, modern agricultural practices and industrialization began to conflict with environmental concerns. Throughout the East, states recognized the riparian doctrine's failure to provide a reliable means for allocating water during times of scarcity. In response, most of these states replaced common law water rights with regulatory water management systems. Maine is the only state that has not followed this trend. It ...


Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher 2017 San Jose State University

Protecting And Maintaining Silicon Valley’S Liquid Gold, Paul Mark Fulcher

Master's Projects

Public sector leaders and decision makers in the California water industry have learned from previous severe drought conditions that to sustain water supplies during extremely dry seasons, there is a substantial need for behavioral changes associated with water conservation efforts among the businesses and residents of the community to maintain an adequate water supply. The intent of this study is to compare four California water agencies that have been designated as sustainable groundwater agencies (GSA), and determine what current programs and/or practices those agencies are using to meet the mandated requirements of the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act of 2014 ...


Opening The Gates Of Cow Palace: Regulating Runoff Manure As A Hazardous Waste Under Rcra, Reed J. McCalib 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Opening The Gates Of Cow Palace: Regulating Runoff Manure As A Hazardous Waste Under Rcra, Reed J. Mccalib

Michigan Law Review

In 2015, a federal court held for the first time that the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) may regulate runoff manure as a “solid waste” under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”). The holding of Community Ass’n for Restoration of the Environment, Inc. v. Cow Palace, LLC opened the gates to regulation of farms under the nation’s primary toxic waste statute. This Comment argues that, once classified as a “solid waste,” runoff manure fits RCRA’s definition of “hazardous waste” as well. This reclassification would expand EPA’s authority to monitor and respond to the nation’s tragically ...


Watershed Based Policy Tools For Reducing Nutrient Flows To Surface Waters: Addressing Nutrient Enrichment And Harmful Algal Blooms In The United States, John A. Hoornbeek, Joshua Filla, Soumya Yalamanchili 2017 Kent State University

Watershed Based Policy Tools For Reducing Nutrient Flows To Surface Waters: Addressing Nutrient Enrichment And Harmful Algal Blooms In The United States, John A. Hoornbeek, Joshua Filla, Soumya Yalamanchili

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Will Bell V. Town Of Wells Be Eroded With Time?, Sidney St. F. Thaxter 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Will Bell V. Town Of Wells Be Eroded With Time?, Sidney St. F. Thaxter

Maine Law Review

In 1989, the Maine Law Court issued a landmark decision regarding the ownership of the land between the mean high-water mark and the mean low-water mark (the intertidal zone) in a case entitled Bell v. Town of Wells.1 This decision was controlled, in part, by the 1986 decision in the same case. Bell I was decided following an appeal by the plaintiff-landowners from the lower court decision dismissing Counts I and II of their Complaint as “barred by sovereign immunity.” The lower court found that “the State has an interest in Moody Beach and in that sense it has ...


A Conceptual Framework For Sustainable Water Management: The Case Of The Piracicaba River Basin, Brazil [Abstract], Amós Nascimento 2017 Selected Works

A Conceptual Framework For Sustainable Water Management: The Case Of The Piracicaba River Basin, Brazil [Abstract], Amós Nascimento

Amós Nascimento

2 pages.


Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo de Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel 2017 InterAmerican Court of Human Rights

Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo De Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper focuses on two problems around the mass displacement of people in extreme poverty: the characterization of such people as refugees and the application of the non-refoulement principle to mass displacements.

Extreme poverty is causal to grave human rights violations such as deprivation of water, of food, and of an adequate standard of living. These circumstances may reach a degree in which life in a country is unbearable — forcing people to move in order to enhance their likelihood of survival.

The classic understanding of the non-refoulement obligation, as enshrined in the 1951 Refugee Convention, forbids states from returning people ...


Water Security, Rhett B. Larson 2017 Arizona State University Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law

Water Security, Rhett B. Larson

Northwestern University Law Review

Climate change, as the dominant paradigm in natural resource policy, is obsolete and should be replaced by the water security paradigm. The climate change paradigm is obsolete because it fails to adequately resonate with the concerns of the general public and fails to integrate fundamental sustainability challenges related to economic development and population growth. The water security paradigm directly addresses the main reasons climate change ultimately matters to most people—droughts, floods, plagues, and wars. Additionally, this new proposed paradigm better integrates climate change concerns with other pressing global sustainability challenges—including that economic development and population growth will require ...


Small Sustainability Supply: How Small Business And Lean Manufacturing Can Change Supply Chains, Carlos Lopez 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Small Sustainability Supply: How Small Business And Lean Manufacturing Can Change Supply Chains, Carlos Lopez

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Benefitting From Sustainable Development, Victoria Frappaolo 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Benefitting From Sustainable Development, Victoria Frappaolo

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Batteries Included: Incentivizing Energy Storage, Lindsay Breslau, Michael Croweak, Alan Witt 2017 American University Washington College of Law

Batteries Included: Incentivizing Energy Storage, Lindsay Breslau, Michael Croweak, Alan Witt

Sustainable Development Law & Policy

Distributed Energy Storage (“DES”) technologies that allow households and businesses to store substantial amounts of electricity on site are rapidly advancing and could soon have dramatic impacts on the nation’s electricity generation, transmission, and distribution markets. These technologies could provide numerous benefits, including enhanced energy security, grid stability, and greater support for renewable generation technologies, but several obstacles are slowing their adoption throughout the country. Among these obstacles are stubbornly high manufacturing costs and the potential impacts of DES development on utilities and the traditional energy regulatory framework. Fortunately, policymakers in California, New York, Hawaii, and some other states ...


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