Held V. State, 2021 University of Montana, Missoula
Held V. State, Alec D. Skuntz
Public Land & Resources Law Review
On March 13, 2020, a group of 16 Montana children and teenagers filed a complaint in the First Judicial District, Lewis and Clark County against the State of Montana and several state agencies. These young Plaintiffs sought injunctive and declaratory relief against Defendants for their complicity in continuing to extract and release harmful amounts of greenhouse gases which contribute to climate change. Plaintiffs premised their argument on the Montana Constitution’s robust environmental rights and protections. The Defendants filed a motion to dismiss which the District Court granted in-part and denied in-part. Held provides a roadmap for future litigation by ...
The Cost Of Doing Business? Corporate Registration As Valid Consent To General Personal Jurisdiction, 2021 Washington and Lee University School of Law
The Cost Of Doing Business? Corporate Registration As Valid Consent To General Personal Jurisdiction, Matthew D. Kaminer
Washington and Lee Law Review Online
Every state has a statute that requires out-of-state corporations to register with a designated official before doing business there, but courts disagree on what impact, if any, those statutes can or should have on personal jurisdiction doctrine. A minority of states interpret compliance with their registration statutes as the company’s consent to general personal jurisdiction, meaning it can be sued on any cause of action there, even those unrelated to the company’s conduct in that state. The United States Supreme Court upheld this “consent by registration” theory over 100 years ago, but since then has manifested a sea ...
Sufficiently Judicial: The Need For A Universal Ethics Rule On Attorney Behavior In Legislative Impeachment Trials, 2021 University of New Mexico
Sufficiently Judicial: The Need For A Universal Ethics Rule On Attorney Behavior In Legislative Impeachment Trials, Joshua E. Kastenberg
St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics
In assessing an ethics, rule-based prohibition against New Jersey governmental attorneys representing clients against the state for matters the state had previously assigned to them, the state supreme court noted: “In our representative form of government, it is essential that the conduct of public officials and employees shall hold the respect and confidence of the people.”
In the beginning of 2020, the United States Senate held an impeachment trial to determine whether former President Donald J. Trump had committed offenses forwarded by the House of Representatives. A U.S. Senate trial, much like state senate trials, is both judicial and ...
(Anti)-Slapp Happy In Federal Court?: The Applicability Of State Anti-Slapp Statutes In Federal Court And The Need For Federal Protection Against Slapps, 2021 Catholic University of America (Student)
(Anti)-Slapp Happy In Federal Court?: The Applicability Of State Anti-Slapp Statutes In Federal Court And The Need For Federal Protection Against Slapps, Caitlin Daday
Catholic University Law Review
In recent years, lawsuits known as Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation, or SLAPPs, have become increasingly common. These suits seek to intimidate and punish people for exercising their First Amendment rights. In response to SLAPPs, over half of the states have enacted anti-SLAPP statutes to protect the targets of SLAPPs. They do so by providing a mechanism for the target to dismiss the lawsuit more quickly than they would normally be able to. In federal courts, the question has arisen as to whether anti-SLAPP statutes should be applied in diversity suits given their close alignment to Federal Rules 8, 12 ...
The Resilience Of Substantive Rights And The False Hope Of Procedural Rights: The Case Of The Second Amendment And The Seventh Amendment, 2021 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
The Resilience Of Substantive Rights And The False Hope Of Procedural Rights: The Case Of The Second Amendment And The Seventh Amendment, Renée Lettow Lerner
Northwestern University Law Review
No abstract provided.
The Powers Of The Inter-American Court Of Human Rights Towards The Implementation Of Gender Justice Laws At The National Level In South America, Kiana Therrien-Tomas Miss
Bridges: An Undergraduate Journal of Contemporary Connections
Although South America is earning international attention as an innovative global leader in various fields, it currently remains a nation steeped in traditional beliefs and practices. Despite prevailing laws against domestic violence, countless Latin American women proceed to be failed by the legal system. As South American society produces its own theory of gender justice, apprised by local realities and universally accepted norms, women's rights advocates and the Supreme Court can represent a decisive role in forming the discourse. Throughout this work, I aim to contemplate the powers of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) towards the implementation ...
Can Speech Act Theory Save Notice Pleading?, 2021 Northwestern University School of Law
Can Speech Act Theory Save Notice Pleading?, Susan E. Provenzano
Indiana Law Journal
Countless scholars have debated—and lower courts have attempted to apply—the plausibility pleading regime that the Supreme Court introduced in Twombly and Iqbal. Iqbal took Twombly’s requirement that a complaint plead plausibly and turned it into a two-step test. Under that test, the life or death of a lawsuit rests on the distinction between “well-pleaded” and “conclusory” allegations. Only the former are assumed true on a motion to dismiss. Seven decades of pleading precedent had taken a sensible, if unstable, approach to the truth assumption, making a single cut between factual contentions (assumed true) and legal conclusions (ignored ...
Enforcing Outbound Forum Selection Clauses In State Court, 2021 University of North Carolina School of Law
Enforcing Outbound Forum Selection Clauses In State Court, John Coyle, Katherine Robinson
Indiana Law Journal
Forum selection clauses are a staple of modern business law. Parties agree, ex ante, on where they can sue one another and then rely on the courts to enforce these agreements. Although the number of contracts containing forum selection clauses has skyrocketed in recent years, there is a dearth of empirical information about enforcement practice at the state level. Are there any states that refuse to enforce them? How frequently are they enforced? Under what circumstances, if any, will these clauses be deemed unenforceable? The existing literature provides few answers to these questions.
This Article aims to fill that gap ...
Frivolous Defenses, 2021 University of Denver Sturm College of Law
Frivolous Defenses, Thomas D. Russell
Cleveland State Law Review
This Article is about civil procedure, torts, insurance, litigation, and professional ethics. The Article is the opening article in a conversation with Stanford Law Professor Nora Freeman Engstrom, who has written about the plaintiffs’ bar and settlement mill attorneys. The empirical center of this piece examines 356 answers to 298 car crash personal injury cases in Colorado’s district courts. The Article situates these cases within dispute pyramid elements, including the total number of miles-traveled within Colorado and the volume of civil litigation. The Article then analyzes the defense attorneys’ departures from the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure, especially Rule ...
حول ضوابط اختصاص المحاكم في القانون والشريعة الإسلامية دراسة مقارنة- د. أحمد محمد مليجي, 2021 United Arab Emirates University
حول ضوابط اختصاص المحاكم في القانون والشريعة الإسلامية دراسة مقارنة- د. أحمد محمد مليجي
Journal Sharia and Law
ثمة ضوابط معينة لتحديد اختصاص المحاكم تتبعها تشريعات المرافعات الحديثة، وهذه الضوابط تحميل في طياتها أهداف متنوعة ، فمن هذه الضوابط مايكون الهدف المباشر منه حسن تنظيم السلطة القضائية تحقيقاً للمصلحة العامة التي تعلو على مصالح الأفراد الخاصةـ ومنها مايكون الهدف المباشر منه تحقيق مصالح خاصة للخصوم برعاية من هو أولى بالرعاية منهم، كرعاية المدعى عليه بمنح الاختصاص للمحكمة القريبة منه التي يقع بدائرتها موطنه أو محل إقامته على أساس أن الأصل براءة ذمته وأنه في مركز المدافع فنبغي على المدعي وهو المهاجم أن يسعى إلى المدعى عليه ويرفع الدعوى أمام المحكمة القريبة منه، اللهم إلا إذا كان المدعى في مركز ...
“More Than Tangential”: When Does The Public Have A Right To Access Judicial Records?, 2021 Brooklyn Law School
“More Than Tangential”: When Does The Public Have A Right To Access Judicial Records?, Jordan Elias
Journal of Law and Policy
Public accountability requires open proceedings and access to documents filed with the courts. The strong policy favoring access to judicial records creates a presumption against sealing documents without a compelling reason. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that this presumption of access arises when a proceeding relates “more than tangentially” to the merits. This is a low standard under which many types of motions qualify for the compelling reasons test. With too much litigation occurring in secret, courts can use the “more than tangential” standard proactively to keep electronic case dockets available to citizens.
Victim Impact: The Manson Murders And The Rise Of The Victims’ Rights Movement, 2021 University of New Orleans
Victim Impact: The Manson Murders And The Rise Of The Victims’ Rights Movement, Merrill W. Steeg
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
No abstract provided.
Equal Injustice For All: High Quality Self-Representation Does Not Ensure A Matter Is “Fairly Heard”, 2021 Seattle University School of Law
Equal Injustice For All: High Quality Self-Representation Does Not Ensure A Matter Is “Fairly Heard”, Jona Goldschmidt
Seattle University Law Review SUpra
No abstract provided.
Debunking Twombly/Iqbal: Plausibility Is More Than Plausible In Ohio And Other States, 2021 University of Cincinnati College of Law
Debunking Twombly/Iqbal: Plausibility Is More Than Plausible In Ohio And Other States, Matthew Marino
University of Cincinnati Law Review
No abstract provided.
Doe V. Nestle, S.A.: Chocolate And The Prohibition On Child Slavery, 2021 Elisabeth Haub School of Law, Pace University
Doe V. Nestle, S.A.: Chocolate And The Prohibition On Child Slavery, Megan M. Coppa
Pace International Law Review
West Africa is presently home to approximately 1.5 million acres of cocoa farmland, which subsequently produces 70% of the world’s current chocolate supply. Côte d’Ivoire, also known as the Ivory Coast, is one of the largest cocoa producing countries within West Africa.
The increase of farmland and the need to control the deteriorating conditions have always created a demand for farm workers. Regrettably, more than 1.5 million cocoa farm workers in West Africa are currently children. These child workers are exposed to hazardous dust, flames, smoke, and chemicals, are required to utilize dangerous tools that they ...
Servotronics, Inc. V. Rolls-Royce Plc And The Boeing Company: Brief Of Professor Yanbai Andrea Wang As Amicus Curiae In Support Of Neither Party, 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
Servotronics, Inc. V. Rolls-Royce Plc And The Boeing Company: Brief Of Professor Yanbai Andrea Wang As Amicus Curiae In Support Of Neither Party, Yanbai Andrea Wang, Michael H. Mcginley
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Rather than expressing a view on the issues raised and ably briefed by the parties, amicus submits this brief to inform the Court of the scholarly research she has conducted regarding Section 1782 proceedings since this Court’s seminal decision in Intel. As Section 1782 applications have proliferated, the lower courts have struggled to apply the Intel factors as this Court had envisioned. Especially in the context of Section 1782 applications submitted by parties to an international proceeding (as opposed to those made by the international tribunal itself), lower courts have frequently found themselves unable to analyze and apply the ...
The Problematic Nature Of Ad-Hominem Attacks In The Digital Age, 2021 Liberty University
The Problematic Nature Of Ad-Hominem Attacks In The Digital Age, Eleanor Brigitta Borinstein
CULTURE & CRISIS: Reconciling Constitutionalism & Federalism in a Time of Crisis
Premature public perception stimulates the widespread shaming and job dismissal seen in the current social environment. Although people are increasingly learning to question the truth, information is manipulated and filtered for many different motivators. This often results in a misperception of events based on limited context and, oftentimes, job dismissal that is becoming more and more commonplace.
Don't You Know That You're Toxic? Cercla Section 113(H) Challenges, Sovereign Immunity, And Perfluoroalkyl Substances In Pennsylvania Drinking Water In Giovanni V. Navy, 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law
Don't You Know That You're Toxic? Cercla Section 113(H) Challenges, Sovereign Immunity, And Perfluoroalkyl Substances In Pennsylvania Drinking Water In Giovanni V. Navy, Stephanie J. Oppenheim
Villanova Environmental Law Journal
No abstract provided.
Is Federal Rule Of Civil Procedure 19(B) Too Discretionary?, 2021 The University of Akron
Is Federal Rule Of Civil Procedure 19(B) Too Discretionary?, Cesare Cavallini, Marcello Gaboardi
Akron Law Review
The courts are entrusted with the implementation of required joinder of parties under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 19. Indeed, the courts have substantial discretion to determine, under the considerations listed in Rule 19(b), whether to continue the litigation without the person who should be joined in pending litigation or to dismiss the action because such a person cannot be joined. Therefore, the courts are asked to weigh the factors under Rule 19(b) and recognize that one factor can be more important than others in a given case or other factors not listed in Rule 19(b) can ...
Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind: Analyzing Inhumane Practices In Mississippi’S Correctional Institutions Due To Overcrowding, Understaffing, And Diminished Funding, Ariel A. Williams
The purpose of this research is to examine the political, social, and economic factors which have led to inhumane conditions in Mississippi’s correctional facilities. Several methods were employed, including a comparison of the historical and current methods of funding, staffing, and rehabilitating prisoners based on literature reviews. State-sponsored reports from various departments and the legislature were analyzed to provide insight into budgetary restrictions and political will to allocate funds. Statistical surveys and data were reviewed to determine how overcrowding and understaffing negatively affect administrative capacity and prisoners’ mental and physical well-being. Ultimately, it may be concluded that Mississippi has ...