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Getting Under Fido's Skin: Analyzing The Objections To Mandatory Pet Microchipping Laws, Stephen D. Lott 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Getting Under Fido's Skin: Analyzing The Objections To Mandatory Pet Microchipping Laws, Stephen D. Lott

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


The Earth's Atmosphere As A Global Trust: Establishing Proportionate State Responsibility To Maintain, Restore And Sustain The Global Atmosphere, Thomas Boudreau Ph.D. 2017 Salisbury University

The Earth's Atmosphere As A Global Trust: Establishing Proportionate State Responsibility To Maintain, Restore And Sustain The Global Atmosphere, Thomas Boudreau Ph.D.

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

Expanding upon the important work already accomplished by the Paris Agreement (2015), the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) can help create the international legal framework needed by recognizing, in a nonbinding resolution as a first step, the Earth’s atmosphere as a global trust and thus helping to create the necessary legal capacity- building among nation-states to monitor, maintain as well as restore the Earth’s atmosphere for future generations.


The Dangers Of Water Privatization: An Exploration Of The Discriminatory Practices Of Private Water Companies, Elana Ramos 2017 Barry University School of Law

The Dangers Of Water Privatization: An Exploration Of The Discriminatory Practices Of Private Water Companies, Elana Ramos

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

No abstract provided.


Putting The Sun Back Into The Sunshine State: How Florida's Transition To Solar Power Has Brought The State Out Of The Shadows Cast By Big Oil's Energy-Monopoly, Christopher Berman 2017 Barry University School of Law

Putting The Sun Back Into The Sunshine State: How Florida's Transition To Solar Power Has Brought The State Out Of The Shadows Cast By Big Oil's Energy-Monopoly, Christopher Berman

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

No abstract provided.


An Overview Of The Zika Virus Epidemic And What America Can Do To Prevent The Spread Of The Virus In The Future, Alexandra Parrish 2017 Barry University School of Law

An Overview Of The Zika Virus Epidemic And What America Can Do To Prevent The Spread Of The Virus In The Future, Alexandra Parrish

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

No abstract provided.


Clean Power Plan, Janice Chon 2017 Barry University School of Law

Clean Power Plan, Janice Chon

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

No abstract provided.


It's All Downhill From Here: How The Nation's Dispute With Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Is Solved, Spencer H. Newman 2017 University of Mississippi School of Law

It's All Downhill From Here: How The Nation's Dispute With Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Is Solved, Spencer H. Newman

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

What makes the United States one of the most prosperous and safest nations in the modern world? Perhaps it is the durable economy, the strong military force, or the Constitutional protections. What most Americans take for granted, however, is something people in many nations base their entire lives around: safe, clean water. Promulgated in 1972, the original Clean Water Act has been opposed and amended over the course of forty years. No provision, however, has been as hotly contested as the § 404 program for “dredge and fill” permits. Specifically, this section led to divisions on what constitutes “water” that is ...


Safe Haven Conundrum: The Use Of Special Bailments To Keep Pets Out Of Violent Households, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Safe Haven Conundrum: The Use Of Special Bailments To Keep Pets Out Of Violent Households

Tennessee Journal of Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Adverse Modification Of The Endangered Species Act: Regulatory Impediment Or Tool?, Chuckie Sullivan 2017 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Adverse Modification Of The Endangered Species Act: Regulatory Impediment Or Tool?, Chuckie Sullivan

University of Massachusetts Law Review

In the past, the agencies charged with the implementation of the Endangered Species Act have shirked invoking the full range of regulatory tools at their disposal. They altered the structure of the Act in violation of Congressionally-granted authority to better accommodate both developmental and conservation interests. After a string of critical judicial decisions, the Services finally changed their implementation of the Act to parallel the protections envisioned by Congress. Though these changes will shift strength between provisions within the Act, they will not drastically alter the status quo by allowing the Services discretion in making judgments regarding the recovery of ...


Preventing A Risk/Risk Trade-Off: An Analysis Of The Measures Necessary To Increase U.S. Pollinator Numbers, Camila Acchiardo Vallejo 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Preventing A Risk/Risk Trade-Off: An Analysis Of The Measures Necessary To Increase U.S. Pollinator Numbers, Camila Acchiardo Vallejo

Pace Environmental Law Review

This Note will proceed in four parts. Part II will discuss the importance of pollinators and the possible reasons for their declining numbers. Part III will delve into the current and proposed actions to increase pollinator populations that are taking place in the United States. Part IV will then discuss the generally desired and widely accepted solution: a ban on neonicotinoids. This Part will introduce the implementation and results of a neonicotinoid ban in the European Union, and the risk/risk trade-off presented by a neonicotinoid ban. Finally, Part V will compile the solutions discussed in Parts III and IV ...


Policy Preference: An Unreasonable Means To Advance Moot Claims Under The Endangered Species Act, Molly McGrath 2017 Boston College Law School

Policy Preference: An Unreasonable Means To Advance Moot Claims Under The Endangered Species Act, Molly Mcgrath

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Citizen plaintiffs play a vital role in the enforcement of the Endangered Species Act (“ESA”). In Strahan v. Roughead, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts opened the possibility for expansion of a citizen’s ability to impose its own policy preference upon federal agencies working to comply with their statutory requirements under the ESA. Although the District Court properly denied the defendant’s motion to dismiss on the basis of mootness, it erred in its rationale. A plaintiff’s claim under the ESA may survive a mootness challenge, even after the violating agency has reinitiated consultation ...


Call Me Ishimaru: Independent Enforcement Of International Agreements, John Arnold 2017 Boston College Law School

Call Me Ishimaru: Independent Enforcement Of International Agreements, John Arnold

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

International law does not provide an adequate enforcement mechanism against illegal whaling. The Japanese government claims that its whaling practice falls within the scientific research exception of an international moratorium on commercial whaling. Despite an International Court of Justice ruling finding that its practice does not fall within this exception, Japan has continued to kill thousands of whales each year with no effective opposition. The area in which this whaling occurs, however, falls outside the jurisdiction of any nation. Although the United Nations Security Council has the authority to act, the delicate nature of international diplomacy effectively ties its members ...


Bigger Than Blackfish: Lessons From Captive Orcas Demonstrate A Larger Problem With Animal Welfare Laws, Kaitlin Vigars 2017 Boston College Law School

Bigger Than Blackfish: Lessons From Captive Orcas Demonstrate A Larger Problem With Animal Welfare Laws, Kaitlin Vigars

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Recently, increased attention to the care that captive orcas receive at marine life parks has sparked a call for reform of the public display industry. In the face of this public outcry the nation’s leading marine life park, SeaWorld, recently announced a shift in company policy that will eventually end the practice of holding orcas in captivity. This, though, does not signal the end of problem. Many other animals face problems that are analogous to the exact issues that sparked change for captive orcas. This note will argue that broad reform of captivity standards are necessary and should include ...


Zuchtvieh-Export Gmbh V. Stadt Kempten: The Tension Between Uniform, Cross-Border Regulation And Territorial Sovereignty, David Mahoney 2017 Boston College Law School

Zuchtvieh-Export Gmbh V. Stadt Kempten: The Tension Between Uniform, Cross-Border Regulation And Territorial Sovereignty, David Mahoney

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

In Zuchtvieh-Export GmbH v. Stadt Kempten, the European Court of Justice ruled that a European Council regulation that protects animal welfare during transport applies to the stages of a journey outside of the European Union (EU), if that journey commenced within the EU. This ruling by the European Court of Justice has been praised as it improves animal transport conditions outside of the EU. However, transport companies and governments outside of the EU are less welcoming of the ruling. The ruling highlights the difficulty in determining when and how such a regulation should be applied abroad. It also raises the ...


Defenders Of Wildlife V. Zinke, Jacob R. Schwaller 2017 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana, Missoula

Defenders Of Wildlife V. Zinke, Jacob R. Schwaller

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Wyoming was the final holdout of protections for wolves under the Endangered Species Act, and a recent decision by the United States Circuit for the District of Columbia has finally overturned those protections. After years of court battles, this decision marks the final adjudication removing federal protections, and places the management of the wolves in the Greater Yellowstone Area back in the hands of the states surrounding Yellowstone National Park. Complete deference to state regulatory systems may be a new trend in the adjudication of cases under the ESA, and this case could have significant impacts on future deference given ...


Migratory Waterbird Conservation At The Flyway Level: Distilling The Added Value Of Aewa In Relation To The Ramsar Convention, Melissa Lewis 2017 Tilburg University, Netherlands

Migratory Waterbird Conservation At The Flyway Level: Distilling The Added Value Of Aewa In Relation To The Ramsar Convention, Melissa Lewis

Pace Environmental Law Review

In June 1995, the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) was adopted, and this instrument remains the only legally binding waterbird Agreement in the CMS Family. However, while AEWA has been lauded as a very promising instrument, the concern has also been raised that the Agreement “has a large potential scope for the duplication of obligations, especially with regard to the protection of wetland habitats, given the operation of the Ramsar Convention”. The existing literature thus recognizes that overlap between AEWA and the Ramsar Convention is potentially problematic. It fails, however, to provide a detailed analysis of ...


The Continuing Saga Of Wild Horse Management: Finding A Balance In The Case Of One Of America’S Iconic Symbols, Elspeth Visser 2017 College of William & Mary Law School

The Continuing Saga Of Wild Horse Management: Finding A Balance In The Case Of One Of America’S Iconic Symbols, Elspeth Visser

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Python Crossing Prohibited: The Interplay Of Ethics, Aesthetics, Regulation, And Industry Transformation In The Luxury Apparel Market, Sophia Mossberg 2017 College of William & Mary Law School

Python Crossing Prohibited: The Interplay Of Ethics, Aesthetics, Regulation, And Industry Transformation In The Luxury Apparel Market, Sophia Mossberg

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Preempting Humanity: Why National Meat Ass'n V. Harris Answered The Wrong Question, Pamela Vesilind 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Preempting Humanity: Why National Meat Ass'n V. Harris Answered The Wrong Question, Pamela Vesilind

Maine Law Review

The 2011-12 Supreme Court term was notable for high profile cases about state undocumented immigrant law, GPS-enabled police searches,chronic liars claiming military honors, and the constitutionality of the Affordable Health Care Act. As such, it is unsurprising that the decision in National Meat Ass’n v. Harris,notable for its unanimity and matter-of-fact concision, received relatively little attention from the media or the academy. Nevertheless, National Meat is a bellwether federalism opinion, the significance of which has been widely overlooked. At first blush, the legal question in National Meat appeared to be relatively unremarkable: whether the USDA’s slaughterhouse ...


When Fox And Hound Legislate The Hen House: A Nixon-In-China Moment For National Egg-Laying Standards?, Lucinda Valero, Will Rhee 2017 University of Maine School of Law

When Fox And Hound Legislate The Hen House: A Nixon-In-China Moment For National Egg-Laying Standards?, Lucinda Valero, Will Rhee

Maine Law Review

It is no secret that the vast majority of American eat animals and animal products. Because of the popularity of animals and animal products as food, “foxes”—agricultural producers—have long struggled against “hounds”—animal welfare advocacy groups—to influence the popular American appetite. This essay focuses upon one such fox, the United Egg Producers (UEP), the nation’s largest egg farmer organization, and one such hound, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), the nation’s largest animal advocacy organization. JSUS had already outmaneuvered UEP by successfully swaying popular opinion in California, Michigan, Ohio, Oregon, an Washington to ...


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