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A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino 2015 Florida State University College of Law

A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino

Simone Savino

A storm is brewing, and not just in our nation’s coastal waters. The effects of climate change are becoming alarmingly apparent: sea levels are rising, storm surges are intensifying and ocean temperatures are warming at increasing speeds. Higher storm surges have led to increased flooding in coastal zones and nearby low-lying regions. The need for greater disaster preparedness in areas vulnerable to storm surges is evident, not just in the United States, but worldwide. As a direct result, coastal towns and cities have been left with the daunting task, and cost, of implementing littoral adaptation measures such as beach ...


Protecting Endangered Species Habitat On Private Property: The Public-Private Constitutional Balance Need Not Be A Zero-Sum Game, Marisa P. Kaley 2015 Boston College Law School

Protecting Endangered Species Habitat On Private Property: The Public-Private Constitutional Balance Need Not Be A Zero-Sum Game, Marisa P. Kaley

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

In 2006, the thirty-six acre parcel of land in Hampden, Massachusetts on which William and Marlene Pepin planned to build their retirement home was designated as “priority habitat” for the eastern box turtle, a species of special concern in the Commonwealth. The designation triggered development restrictions intended to prevent harm to the turtle, prompting the Pepins to challenge both the validity of the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act regulations that implement the priority habitat scheme, and the decision by the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife to so delineate their property. The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court upheld the priority habitat scheme and ...


Ferc Net Metering Decisions Keep States In The Dark, Benjamin Hanna 2015 Boston College Law School

Ferc Net Metering Decisions Keep States In The Dark, Benjamin Hanna

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

As the effects of climate change increasingly become a reality, policymakers have recognized the need for more renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, and the benefits of distributed generation. One important way that both renewable energy and distributed generation are being addressed is through the use of electrical net metering policies. Net metering allows property owners to generate their own electricity and to receive credit from their utility company for any excess. State net metering policies are pervasive—forty-three states and the District of Columbia have adopted some form of net metering—and yet uncertainty remains about their ...


Cleaning Up The Colonias: Municipal Annexation And The Texas Fracking Boom, Alejandra C. Salinas 2015 Boston College Law School

Cleaning Up The Colonias: Municipal Annexation And The Texas Fracking Boom, Alejandra C. Salinas

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

For the hundreds of thousands of Americans who reside in poor, unincorporated settlements along the Texas-Mexico border called Colonias, a new source of hope has arisen from the unlikeliest of sources: fracking. Until recently, many Colonias were just shantytowns riddled with costly infrastructure problems that caused various environmental health concerns. Through fracking in South Texas’ Eagle Ford Shale, Colonias are now part of one of the greatest oil booms this country has ever seen. The Eagle Ford Shale’s economic output has generated billions in tax revenue across Texas and has transformed the value of the land that the Colonias ...


Communities In The Dark: The Use Of State Sunshine Laws To Shed Light On The Fracking Industry, Kellie Fisher 2015 Boston College Law School

Communities In The Dark: The Use Of State Sunshine Laws To Shed Light On The Fracking Industry, Kellie Fisher

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Although oil and gas companies continue to maintain that fracking is safe and there is no risk of injury, personal accounts from residents of areas with a fracking industry presence suggest otherwise. Oil and gas companies utilize a variety of mechanisms to ensure secrecy within the industry. Through gaps in federal regulation, the classification of fracking fluid as a trade secret, sealed settlements, and confidentiality orders imposed on people injured by fracking, access to information about the industry—including chemicals used and harm to residents—is minimal. This Note argues that the implementation of state sunshine laws is one possible ...


The Aftermath Of Governor Mcdonnell’S Corruption Trial: Proposing Comprehensive Ethics Reform In Virginia, Lisa J. Lindhorst 2015 George Washington Law School

The Aftermath Of Governor Mcdonnell’S Corruption Trial: Proposing Comprehensive Ethics Reform In Virginia, Lisa J. Lindhorst

Lisa J Lindhorst

On September 4, 2014, a federal court convicted former governor of Virginia Bob McDonnell of eleven counts of corruption, bribery, and fraud for accepting over $165,000 worth of gifts and loans from the CEO of a local company. The egregious actions that led to these federal criminal convictions, however, were startlingly “legal” under Virginia’s ethics laws. The disparity between federal criminal standards and Virginia’s ethics standards illustrates the severe inadequacies that plague Virginia’s current system of ethics laws. Virginia’s absence of appropriate ethics laws and enforcement led to the state’s failing State Integrity Investigation ...


Satanists, Scott Walker, & Contraception: A Partial Account Of Hobby Lobby's Implications For State Law, Kara Loewentheil 2015 Columbia Law School - Research Fellow & Director, Public Rights / Private Conscience Project

Satanists, Scott Walker, & Contraception: A Partial Account Of Hobby Lobby's Implications For State Law, Kara Loewentheil

Kara Loewentheil

Reaction to the Supreme Court's opinion in Hobby Lobby v. Burwell was swift and extreme from almost all quarters. Members of the Satanic Temple, a religious group focused on personal autonomy, individual freedom, and ethical action, announced that they would henceforth be objecting to so-called “informed consent” statutes in the abortion services context. Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker’s administration, on the other hand, announced that he would no longer be enforcing Wisconsin's contraceptive equity law because it was “preempted” by the Supreme Court's decision. In this Article, I demonstrate that Scott Walker’s administration and the Satanic ...


Environmental Federalism's Tug Of War Within, Erin Ryan 2015 Lewis & Clark Law School

Environmental Federalism's Tug Of War Within, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

Anyone paying attention has noticed that many of the most controversial issues in American governance—health care reform, marriage rights, immigration, drug law, and others—involve questions of federalism. The intensity of these disputes reflects inexorable pressure on all levels of government to meet the increasingly complicated challenges of governance in an ever more interconnected world, where the answers to jurisdictional questions are less and less obvious. Yet even as federalism dilemmas continue to erupt all from all corners, environmental law remains at the forefront of controversy, and it is likely to do so for some time. From mining to ...


Appellate Division, First Department, People V. Celaj, Danielle Dupré 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Appellate Division, First Department, People V. Celaj, Danielle Dupré

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Apellate Division, Third Department, People V. Kelley, Elyssa Lane 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Apellate Division, Third Department, People V. Kelley, Elyssa Lane

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Court Of Appeals Of New York, People V. Johnson, Denise Shanley 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Court Of Appeals Of New York, People V. Johnson, Denise Shanley

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Court Of Appeals Of New York, Watson V. State Commission On Judicial Conduct, Denise Shanley 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Court Of Appeals Of New York, Watson V. State Commission On Judicial Conduct, Denise Shanley

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lawrence V. Texas: The Decision And Its Implications For The Future, Martin A. Schwartz 2014 Touro Law Center

Lawrence V. Texas: The Decision And Its Implications For The Future, Martin A. Schwartz

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Racial Politics Of American History And The United Nations: The Impact Of The Cold War On The Civil Rights Movement, Amy C. Cody 2014 The College at Brockport

Racial Politics Of American History And The United Nations: The Impact Of The Cold War On The Civil Rights Movement, Amy C. Cody

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Thesis research focuses around the Civil Rights Congress' 1951 United Nations Petition charging the United States with genocide against the African American race. This thesis also examines the complexities of global politics and the impact Communism had on the civil rights organization's ability to gain support for reform on the domestic and international level.


Wynne V. Comptroller: Striking A Balance Between State Sovereignty And Interstate Commerce, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Wynne V. Comptroller: Striking A Balance Between State Sovereignty And Interstate Commerce, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


To Yoder Or Not To Yoder? How The Spending Clause Holding In National Federation Of Independent Business V. Sebelius Can Be Used To Challenge The No Child Left Behind Act, Christopher Roma 2014 Pace University School of Law

To Yoder Or Not To Yoder? How The Spending Clause Holding In National Federation Of Independent Business V. Sebelius Can Be Used To Challenge The No Child Left Behind Act, Christopher Roma

Pace Law Review

States such as California, Texas, Montana, Nebraska and Pennsylvania all have either declined to apply for waivers out of the testing, accountability, and penalty schemes of No Child Left Behind; or, have had their applications rejected by the Department of Education. This Article argues that these states would have a legitimate challenge to NCLB as unconstitutionally coercive based on the precedent of Sebelius. As discussed more in the sections that follow, not only is NCLB and Title I the largest federal funding program behind Medicaid, it also shares many of the characteristics that the opinions in Sebelius found to be ...


Paid Family Leave, Rachel-Lyn Longo, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz 2014 Student

Paid Family Leave, Rachel-Lyn Longo, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz

Senior Honors Projects

Paid Family Leave policies are rare in the United States. Around the world, one hundred and eighty-two countries provide some form of paid maternity leave, and seventy countries also offer paid paternity leave. It is estimated that only 36 percent of U.S. employees have access to paid leave if they get sick, a policy that is almost universal in other developed countries, and only 12 percent of employees have access to paid family leave. Presently, just three states have implemented Paid Family Leave (PFL) to help offset the cost of time taken off of work to care for a ...


Federalism And The Rise Of Renewable Energy: Preserving State And Local Voices In The Green Energy Revolution, Daniel Lyons 2014 Boston College

Federalism And The Rise Of Renewable Energy: Preserving State And Local Voices In The Green Energy Revolution, Daniel Lyons

Daniel Lyons

The rise of renewable energy has disrupted the traditional regulatory structure governing electricity. Unlike traditional fossil fuel power plants, wind and solar facilities are geographically constrained: they exist where the wind blows and the sun shines. Large-scale renewable energy is more likely to flow interstate, from resource-rich prairie and Southwestern states to energy-hungry population centers elsewhere. The difficulties of coordinating interstate electricity policies have led some to call for greater preemption of the states’ traditional duties as chief regulators of the electricity industry. But while preemption would eliminate some state-level roadblocks to interstate cooperation, it would sacrifice many of the ...


Federalism And The Rise Of Renewable Energy: Preserving State And Local Voices In The Green Energy Revolution, Daniel Lyons 2014 Boston College

Federalism And The Rise Of Renewable Energy: Preserving State And Local Voices In The Green Energy Revolution, Daniel Lyons

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The rise of renewable energy has disrupted the traditional regulatory structure governing electricity. Unlike traditional fossil fuel power plants, wind and solar facilities are geographically constrained: they exist where the wind blows and the sun shines. Large-scale renewable energy is more likely to flow interstate, from resource-rich prairie and Southwestern states to energy-hungry population centers elsewhere. The difficulties of coordinating interstate electricity policies have led some to call for greater preemption of the states’ traditional duties as chief regulators of the electricity industry. But while preemption would eliminate some state-level roadblocks to interstate cooperation, it would sacrifice many of the ...


Reconciling The Municipal Pension Problem With Chapter 9'S Automatic Stay: A Case Note On In Re City Of San Bernardino, Michael Simon 2014 Pepperdine University

Reconciling The Municipal Pension Problem With Chapter 9'S Automatic Stay: A Case Note On In Re City Of San Bernardino, Michael Simon

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

Using In re City of San Bernardino as a springboard, this Note explores both the descriptive and analytic dimensions of a municipality seeking relief from its pension woes within the context of Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code. As a descriptive matter, this Note illustrates that municipalities need alternative solutions to address the growing public pension problem besides issuing municipal bonds. Given the structure of certain public defined benefit pension systems, the strategy of issuing municipal bonds to raise cash has substantial disadvantages. In certain contexts, Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code provides a significantly better alternative. Unlike a business ...


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