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U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism, Curtis A. Bradley 2018 Duke Law School

U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism, Curtis A. Bradley

Faculty Scholarship

There is no issue of foreign relations law more important than the allocation of authority over the use of military force. This issue is especially important for the United States given the frequency with which it is involved in military activities abroad. Yet there is significant uncertainty and debate in the United States over this issue — in particular, over whether and to what extent military actions must be authorized by Congress. Because U.S. courts in the modern era have generally declined to review the legality of military actions, disputes over this issue have had to be resolved, as a ...


Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China, Erin Ryan 2017 Florida State University College of Law

Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This article explores the gritty intersections of daily life and environmental law in modern China, an industrial powerhouse still struggling to reconcile economic opportunity with breathable air, clean water, healthy food, and safe products.  With comparative perspective on analogous challenges in the United States, the article reports on these critical domestic challenges for China at a pivotal moment in its reemergence as a dominant world power.  China’s continued geopolitical rise may well hinge on its ability to respond successfully to the environmental causes of growing social unrest.
 
In 2011, in the midst of this maelstrom, I brought my husband ...


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan 2017 Florida State University College of Law

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This Article explores the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict within pluralist governance, drawing on underappreciated features of the American experience.  Epic struggles to balance autonomy with interdependence have taken on new urgency as dissatisfaction with globalization inspires political cataclysms unimaginable just a few years ago—including ‘Brexit’ from the European Union and American threats to leave NATO.  The same impetus toward devolution also surfaces in heated intra-national conflicts.  Recent calls for secession in Scotland, Catalonia, Québec, the Sudan, and even the United States reveal multiple political contexts in which questions have been raised about ...


Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo 2017 Unza School of Law

Tthe Requirement Of Domestic Participation In New Mining Ventures In Zambia, Muna Ndulo

Muna B Ndulo

No abstract provided.


Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo de Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel 2017 InterAmerican Court of Human Rights

Mass Displacement Of Destitute People: A Trigger For Non-Refoulement Protection?, Bernardo De Souza Dantas Fico, Leticia Machado Haertel

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper focuses on two problems around the mass displacement of people in extreme poverty: the characterization of such people as refugees and the application of the non-refoulement principle to mass displacements.

Extreme poverty is causal to grave human rights violations such as deprivation of water, of food, and of an adequate standard of living. These circumstances may reach a degree in which life in a country is unbearable — forcing people to move in order to enhance their likelihood of survival.

The classic understanding of the non-refoulement obligation, as enshrined in the 1951 Refugee Convention, forbids states from returning people ...


Who Wants The Global Law School?, Kevin E. Davis, Xinyi Zhang 2017 New York University School of Law

Who Wants The Global Law School?, Kevin E. Davis, Xinyi Zhang

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Commentators regularly call for the globalization of U.S. legal education. An often unstated presumption is that if we build global law schools, students will come. In the imaginations of its promoters, the global law school will be overwhelmed by demand from students motivated by economically defined career goals. This perspective neglects the potentially confounding influences of imperfect information, on the parts of both employers and students, as well as social and cultural factors that influence students’ decision-making. This study examines factors that influence student decisions about whether to participate in one aspect of globally oriented legal education, study abroad ...


Oliari And The European Court Of Human Rights: Where The Court Failed, Vito John Marzano 2017 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Oliari And The European Court Of Human Rights: Where The Court Failed, Vito John Marzano

Pace International Law Review

The European Court of Human Rights revisited the issue of legal recognition for same-sex partnerships on July 21, 2015 when it decided Oliari and Others v. Italy. This Note explores the implications of that decision and what it may mean for same-sex couples within Italy and throughout the Council of Europe. Through a careful analysis of the decision, this Note concludes that Oliari provides slight yet important movement on the issue of a Contracting State’s obligation to afford legal recognition for same-sex partnerships, but a practical implementation of the Court’s holding likely will yield little additional movement in ...


Naftthe Road To Free Trade: Chilean Accession, James E. Etri 2017 US Securities & Exchange Commission

Naftthe Road To Free Trade: Chilean Accession, James E. Etri

Law and Business Review of the Americas

No abstract provided.


Canadian Bank Act And Its Implementation Under The Nafta, Michelle Brown Berziel 2017 Southern Methodist University

Canadian Bank Act And Its Implementation Under The Nafta, Michelle Brown Berziel

Law and Business Review of the Americas

No abstract provided.


Development Of Inter-State Cooperation In The Asia Pacific Region: Considerations For Regional Trade Compacts, Yoshi Kodama 2017 Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Japan

Development Of Inter-State Cooperation In The Asia Pacific Region: Considerations For Regional Trade Compacts, Yoshi Kodama

Law and Business Review of the Americas

No abstract provided.


The Mexican Peso Crisis: Implications For The Regulation Of Financial Markets, Douglas W. Arner 2017 Southern Methodist University

The Mexican Peso Crisis: Implications For The Regulation Of Financial Markets, Douglas W. Arner

Law and Business Review of the Americas

No abstract provided.


Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji

Seattle University Law Review

This Article argues for the reform of judicial accountability rules in Egypt. The lack of a real separation of powers and “checks and balances” between the three powers often leads the judiciary to become a periphery in the executive body, rather than an independent authority that invigilates and monitors any violation of the law. Judges who refuse to comply with executive wishes are often subjected to persecution from the Ministry of Justice and its Judicial Inspection Department, which can reach up to the level of impeachment. The Ministry of Justice uses judicial accountability as a tool of retribution over disobedient ...


Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku 2017 Selected Works

Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku

Charlotte Ku

As teachers, it is perhaps natural for us to think about teaching in the classroom context, although this panel is demonstrating the teaching opportunities that may exist outside of a single course or courses in international law.


Enforcement Of Intellectual Property At Trade Shows: A Comparative Perspective, Marketa Trimble 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Enforcement Of Intellectual Property At Trade Shows: A Comparative Perspective, Marketa Trimble

Boyd Briefs / Road Scholars

Professor Marketa Trimble presented these materials via webcast at a Roundtable on Protecting and Enforcing IP in the Trade Show Context hosted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office's Global Intellectual Property Academy in Alexandra, Virginia. Professor Trimble discussed various enforcement routes and their respective challenges. She also introduced mechanisms available in Europe and compared them to current mechanisms in the United States.


Single-Subject Constitutional Amendments, Richard Albert 2017 Boston College Law School

Single-Subject Constitutional Amendments, Richard Albert

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

What makes a constitution difficult to amend? The answer varies across jurisdictions. In the United States, for example, the threshold problem is getting two-thirds of Congress to initiate an amendment—a virtually impossibility in our present day given that Congress has a hard enough time agreeing by a simple majority to pass a simple law. In Australia and Switzerland, it is largely the combination of subnational approval and referendal ratification that complicates matters. In Canada—the subject of this paper—constitutional amendment difficulty derives from similar challenges associated with initiation and ratification but perhaps even more from the use of ...


The Unfair Operation Principle And The Exclusionary Rule: On The Admissibility Of Illegally Obtained Evidence In Criminal Trials In India, Khagesh Gautam 2017 O.P. Jindal Global University

The Unfair Operation Principle And The Exclusionary Rule: On The Admissibility Of Illegally Obtained Evidence In Criminal Trials In India, Khagesh Gautam

Khagesh Gautam

No abstract provided.


A Realist Systematic Review Of Cross-Sector Collaboration Implementation In Developing Countries & Mediation As A Useful Instrument, Jessica Kritz 2017 Pepperdine University

A Realist Systematic Review Of Cross-Sector Collaboration Implementation In Developing Countries & Mediation As A Useful Instrument, Jessica Kritz

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This review will provide a realistic systematic review to synthesize evidence on successful cross-sector collaboration implementation in developing (low and middle income) countries. More specifically, this review will explicitly consider interactions between strategy, context, and mechanisms to provide an indication as to how cross-sector collaboration governance helps some cross-sector collaboration succeed, grow, and become sustainable. This paper will also present mediation as potentially a useful mechanism to implement cross-sector collaboration implementation in developing countries.


Four Unconstitutional Constitutions And Their Democratic Foundations, Richard Albert 2017 Boston College Law School

Four Unconstitutional Constitutions And Their Democratic Foundations, Richard Albert

Richard Albert

The present fascination with the global phenomenon of an unconstitutional constitutional amendment has left open the question whether a constitution can be unconstitutional. Invalidating a single amendment for violating the architectural core of a constitution is an extraordinary action, but it is occurring with increasing frequency around the world. But to call an entire constitution unconstitutional, however, seems different in both kind and degree. In this Article, I illustrate and evaluate four different conceptions of an unconstitutional constitution. Each conception draws from a different constitution currently in force around the world, specifically the Constitutions of Canada, Mexico, South Africa and ...


Post-Trial Judicial Review Of Criminal Convictions: A Comparative Study Of The United States And Finland, Christopher M. Johnson 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Post-Trial Judicial Review Of Criminal Convictions: A Comparative Study Of The United States And Finland, Christopher M. Johnson

Maine Law Review

In 2011, two murder cases involving defendants who professed their innocence came to dramatic conclusions in appellate courts. In Finland in August 2011, the murder prosecution of Anneli Auer ended with her acquittal by an appellate court. In the United States in September 2011, the murder prosecution of Troy Davis ended in his execution in Georgia’s death chamber, despite exculpatory information developed after his trial about the reliability of some eyewitnesses identification evidence. The Finish case arose out if the December 2006 death if Jukka Lahti in Ulvila. His wife, Auer, called the police and claimed that an intruder ...


Law In Books And Law In Action: The Problem Of Legal Change, Jean-Louis Halperin 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Law In Books And Law In Action: The Problem Of Legal Change, Jean-Louis Halperin

Maine Law Review

One hundred years ago, Roscoe Pound wrote his famous article, “Law in Books and Law in Action.” Considered an important step toward American legal realism, today this article is invoked more for its title than its content. I would argue that in the article, Pound did not clearly distinguish between two separate situations: (1) the departure of decisions of courts from statements of statutory (or constitutional) law, and (2) the discrepancy between doctrine in books and empirical data about law. This second observation has fed various strands of jurisprudence, if often only through the repetition of the well-quoted formula. It ...


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