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Explaining Comparative Administrative Law: The Standing Of Positive Political Theory, Minhao Benjamin Chen, Zhiyu Li 2016 UC Berkeley

Explaining Comparative Administrative Law: The Standing Of Positive Political Theory, Minhao Benjamin Chen, Zhiyu Li

Minhao Benjamin Chen

Courts may function as “fire alarms” within a principal-agent framework that sees bureaucrats as imperfectly supervised servants of their political masters. In this paper, we compare how the class of plaintiffs authorized to bring suit against governmental bodies has been defined in three countries in which we would expect to find significant barriers to administrative litigation – the People’s Republic of China, Japan, and Singapore. Although these three Asian countries have traditionally been one-party dominated states, we do observe substantial differences in how legislatures and courts have answered the question of standing over time. It is possible to explain these ...


From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, yehezkel Margalit 2016 SelectedWorks

From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...


The Theory And Doctrine Of Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment In Canada, Richard Albert 2016 Boston College Law School

The Theory And Doctrine Of Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendment In Canada, Richard Albert

Richard Albert

It has become increasingly common for courts in constitutional democracies to invalidate constitutional amendments. Courts have enforced both written and unwritten limits on how political actors may exercise the formal amendment power. They have relied either on constitutional texts that expressly entrench provisions against formal amendment or on their own interpretation of these texts as implicitly establishing an unalterable constitutional core. Although the Supreme Court of Canada has not yet invalidated a constitutional amendment, modern case law provides the constitutional basis for the Court to declare that a future constitutional amendment violates either the text or spirit of the Constitution ...


Infringement As Unfair Competition: A Blueprint For Global Governance?, Sean Pager, Eric Priest 2015 Michigan State University College of Law

Infringement As Unfair Competition: A Blueprint For Global Governance?, Sean Pager, Eric Priest

Sean Pager

INFRINGEMENT AS UNFAIR COMPETITION: A BLUEPRINT FOR GLOBAL GOVERNANCE?

Sean A. Pager Michigan State University College of Law

Eric Priest University of Oregon School of Law

ABSTRACT

This Article examines a new approach to address persistent regulatory failures in global supply chains. In a series of recent cases, unfair competition actions have been brought in U.S. court against foreign manufacturers who infringe software overseas under the theory that the cost savings from infringement confers an unfair advantage in U.S. markets. While this theory has been advanced in the intellectual property context, the same approach could work to target ...


Why Does A Powerful Regulatory Regime Fail? An Examination Of The Regulation Of Prepaid Cards In China, Pan Su 2015 SelectedWorks

Why Does A Powerful Regulatory Regime Fail? An Examination Of The Regulation Of Prepaid Cards In China, Pan Su

Pan Su

Based on in-depth interviews and news materials, this article examines why there is a regulatory failure in China’s regulation of prepaid cards: the regulation has not served for public interests and the compliance level is low. In Western scholarship, several theories have been raised to explain regulatory failure. The most influential theory is regulatory capture, which means that regulatory agencies have been captured by the industries and serve primarily for the industries’ benefit rather than public interests. Compared to Western countries, China, as a non-democratic state, has a different regulatory regime and provides a new perspective for regulatory failure ...


The International Law Of Game Of Thrones, Perry S. Bechky 2015 International Trade & Investment Law PLLC

The International Law Of Game Of Thrones, Perry S. Bechky

Perry S. Bechky

Game of Thrones depicts a violent and, some might say, lawless world. Few would think that world evidences much international law. Yet, this article identifies several rules of international law observable on the show and relates them to real-world international law. Observable rules include some fundaments of the law of treaties, customary norms, and (most surprisingly) at least one humanitarian peremptory norm. These rules cover a range of subjects, including sovereignty, state responsibility, jurisdiction, immunities, and human rights. The article also discusses the special legal status of the Night’s Watch, which is governed by the most important legal “text ...


Unpacking The International Law On Cybersecurity Due Diligence: Lessons From The Public And Private Sectors, Scott J. Shackelford 2015 Indiana University - Bloomington

Unpacking The International Law On Cybersecurity Due Diligence: Lessons From The Public And Private Sectors, Scott J. Shackelford

Scott Shackelford

Although there has been a relative abundance of work done on exploring the contours of the law of cyber war, far less attention has been paid to defining a law of cyber peace applicable below the armed attack threshold. Among the most important unanswered questions is what exactly nations’ due diligence obligations are to one another and to their respective private sectors. The International Court of Justice (“ICJ”) has not yet explicitly considered this topic, though it has ruled in the Corfu Channel case that one country’s territory should not be “used for acts that unlawfully harm other States ...


The Future Of Fracking In England: A Comparative Legal Analysis, Brian Easley 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The Future Of Fracking In England: A Comparative Legal Analysis, Brian Easley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Stolen Innocence: The United Nations' Battle Against The Forced Recruitment And Use Of Child Soldiers In Myanmar, Haley E. Chafin 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Stolen Innocence: The United Nations' Battle Against The Forced Recruitment And Use Of Child Soldiers In Myanmar, Haley E. Chafin

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents And Masthead, Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Table Of Contents And Masthead, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Chemical Risks: Lessons For Reform Of The Toxic Substances Control Act From Canada And The European Union, Adam D.K. Abelkop, John D. Graham 2015 Pace University

Regulation Of Chemical Risks: Lessons For Reform Of The Toxic Substances Control Act From Canada And The European Union, Adam D.K. Abelkop, John D. Graham

Pace Environmental Law Review

The purpose of this Article is to compare the regulatory systems in Canada and the EU, and use comparative insights to draw some lessons that may be of interest to U.S. policy makers engaged in TSCA reform. CEPA and REACH are seen by stakeholders as state of the art in chemicals assessment and management, and thus the U.S. may draw useful insights from them. Indeed, the European Union and Canada have each been urging other countries to join in a globalization of the REACH or Canadian programs, respectively. Regardless of what TSCA reformers choose to learn from the ...


Dealing With Dangerous Women: Sexual Assault Under Cover Of National Security Laws In India, Surabhi Chopra Prof. 2015 Chinese University of Hong Kong

Dealing With Dangerous Women: Sexual Assault Under Cover Of National Security Laws In India, Surabhi Chopra Prof.

Surabhi Chopra Prof.

DEALING WITH DANGEROUS WOMEN: SEXUAL ASSAULT UNDER COVER OF NATIONAL SECURITY LAWS IN INDIA

This article examines violence against women suspected of being security threats in India’s internal conflict zones, one of the very few scholarly works to do so.

I focus on two cases in particular. In 2004, Thangjam Manorama was arrested by paramilitaries on suspicion of belonging to a violent separatist group, and found raped and murdered several hours later. I look at her family’s attempts to hold the armed forces accountable for her death. I also look at the ongoing criminal prosecution of Soni Sori ...


Transatlantic Perspective On Judicial Deference In Administrative Law, Maciej Bernatt 2015 University of Warsaw

Transatlantic Perspective On Judicial Deference In Administrative Law, Maciej Bernatt

Maciej Bernatt

The U.S. concept of judicial deference in administrative law limits the scope of judicial review of administrative agencies’ actions in the light of agencies’ superior expertise and separation of powers arguments. It may serve as an interesting point of reference for the European discussion about adequate institutional balance between administration and courts.

The paper analyzes whether there are grounds for the validity of the concept of judicial deference in Continental Europe and in what areas (law, facts or both). As a starting point it is observed that it remains generally accepted in Europe that it is a role of ...


Adopting Subsequent Remuneration Right In Chinese Copyright Law, Xi Chen 2015 Kent College of Law-IIT

Adopting Subsequent Remuneration Right In Chinese Copyright Law, Xi Chen

Xi Chen

One heavily and contentiously argued clause in Chinese Copyright Law amendments drafts focuses on the practicality of granting authors of audiovisual works the legal right to collect subsequent remunerations (SRR), when their works are reused in subsequent exploitations.

With the rapid increase of media channels for the Chinese movie industry, and other entertainment industries relying on a heavy usage of audiovisual work, authors demand that they should be entitled to the profit earned from derivative markets and other media channel beyond the first intended market. In order to balance the conflicting interest between the author and the producer, and to ...


Law And Finance: The Case Of Stock Market Development In China, Zhong Zhang Dr 2015 University of Sheffield

Law And Finance: The Case Of Stock Market Development In China, Zhong Zhang Dr

Zhong Zhang Dr

Having grown to one of the largest in the world in just over two decades, the stock market of China is cited as a counterexample to the significance of law for financial market development. A thorough examination of the development of China’s stock market however finds that law is actually critical to sustaining market growth and law did play a role in the growth of the market. On the other hand, the trajectory of development in China is growth first followed by law, and the improvement of law is caused by market growth. The experience of China hence suggests ...


Corporate Complicity In Human Rights Violations Under International Criminal Law, Danielle Olson 2015 DePaul University

Corporate Complicity In Human Rights Violations Under International Criminal Law, Danielle Olson

International Human Rights Law Journal

This paper examines the main legal elements of corporate criminal responsibility for involvement in serious human rights violations, focusing specifically on the mens rea, or mental element requirement of a crime. It analyzes in detail what it means for a business to be complicit, the degree of knowledge corporations and their officials must have to be implicated in accomplice liability, and a case study demonstrating the consequences of such liability on corporations.


Reviewing Arbitration Awards For Competition Law Violations: A Playbook For Courts Implementing The New York Convention, William Schubert 2015 Heidelberg University

Reviewing Arbitration Awards For Competition Law Violations: A Playbook For Courts Implementing The New York Convention, William Schubert

William Schubert

This article discusses the risk that international arbitration awards violating national competition laws will be enforced without having received reasonable scrutiny either during arbitration or in the national courts.

The risk that competition law violations may be authorized under the guise of enforceable arbitration awards is real, and it is a major policy problem. It is quite easy, for example, to use the international arbitration framework to enforce agreements that authorize anticompetitive activity among competitors in jurisdictions unrelated to the arbitral award (i.e., without power to review it). The problem is that competition law violations in jurisdictions unrelated to ...


Developing An International Carbon Tax Regime, Steven Specht 2015 Florida State University

Developing An International Carbon Tax Regime, Steven Specht

Steven Specht

As atmospheric CO2 remains in the range of 400 ppm, it is necessary to find new international coordination to deal with climate change. The best way forward is an international regime of harmonized domestic carbon taxes. By agreeing to a minimum amount of taxation on domestic, point-source producers, money can be set aside for adaptation costs and alternative means of energy production. Finally, such a plan will overcome the problem of non-participation of countries in agreements like the Kyoto Protocol. As this is a treaty dealing with economics and trade, countries can place taxes on imports of non-participatory countries under ...


Lessons That Europe Can Learn From The U.S. Patent Assertion Entity Phenomenon, Garry A. Gabison 2015 European Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

Lessons That Europe Can Learn From The U.S. Patent Assertion Entity Phenomenon, Garry A. Gabison

Garry A. Gabison

This paper investigates the patent assertion entities (PAEs) problem in Europe. First, it argues that PAEs should be not as active in Europe as it is in the U.S. simply because European inventors infringe less. They infringe less because there are fewer patents to infringe. PAEs, however, can still thrive in Europe. Using the example of the U.K., this paper shows that PAEs visible activities are non-negligible even if they pale compare to the level of activities in the U.S. Using the example of France, this paper shows that governments have not waited for PAEs to come ...


When “One Country, Two Systems” Meets “One Person, One Vote”: The Law Of Treaties In The Crucible Of Hong Kong’S Election Crisis, Gregory S. Gordon 2015 Chinese University of Hong Kong

When “One Country, Two Systems” Meets “One Person, One Vote”: The Law Of Treaties In The Crucible Of Hong Kong’S Election Crisis, Gregory S. Gordon

Gregory S. Gordon

In Hong Kong’s recent election crisis, an uprising against China’s pre-selecting candidates for Chief Executive and thus foreclosing civic-nomination, both sides (establishment and pro-democracy) have attempted to interpret the term “universal suffrage” based exclusively on its inclusion in Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, the Basic Law. In so doing, however, they have given short shrift to the agreement that gave rise to the Basic Law in the first place: the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration. But while the Joint Declaration provides important textual insights, it simultaneously raises significant issues regarding application of the law of treaties. For example, did the ...


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