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The Role Of Expropriation Clauses In Protection And Promotion Of Foreign Investments In Renewable Energy: An Essential But Overlooked Legal Consideration, Moosa Akefi Ghaziani, Mohammad Akefi Ghaziani 2022 Payame Noor University (PNU)

The Role Of Expropriation Clauses In Protection And Promotion Of Foreign Investments In Renewable Energy: An Essential But Overlooked Legal Consideration, Moosa Akefi Ghaziani, Mohammad Akefi Ghaziani

Indonesia Law Review

Today the world is tackling climate change. The global threat of energy poverty along with the growing need for energy has escalated this crisis. The promotion of renewable energy sources is widely known as the main solution to this challenge. Many International and regional agreements address various aspects of renewable energy development such as trade, transit, security, and investment. Since not all states have the financial and technological abilities to develop this sector, foreign investment is recognised as a crucial prerequisite for the global deployment of renewable energies. Various investment agreements are signed to facilitate and promote investments. These instruments ...


An Analytical Study On Legal Validity Of Online Dispute Resolution (Odr) System In India And Indonesia, Dr Rahul Nikam, Bangkim Singh Nongthombam 2022 Faculty of Law, Marwadi University

An Analytical Study On Legal Validity Of Online Dispute Resolution (Odr) System In India And Indonesia, Dr Rahul Nikam, Bangkim Singh Nongthombam

Indonesia Law Review

Advancement in technology brought many inevitable changes with more efficiency, making human life easier. Benefit of technology shall be incorporated for effective and efficient justice delivery in dispute resolution mechanism. New development in this area is online arbitration dispute resolutions (ODR) which have been without doubt adopted and practices by justice delivery system across the globe. But the question remains the same as whether justice delivery system is equipped to cope up in the same pace with the changes taking place in the society and technology. Are the existing laws being enough to conduct online system as an effective mechanism ...


Sanctioning Ideas: Alternative International Law Argument In Defence Of Indonesia’S Ideological Curtailment On Societal Organization, Billy Esratian 2022 Executive Office of the President of the Republic of Indonesia

Sanctioning Ideas: Alternative International Law Argument In Defence Of Indonesia’S Ideological Curtailment On Societal Organization, Billy Esratian

Indonesia Law Review

Engulfed in a constant ideological challenge from various societal organizations, Indonesia inflicts an ideological curtailment measure as an attempt to defend the reign of its state ideology, Pancasila. To this end, societal organization is barred to actively adopt, develop, and spread any teaching or idea which contradicts Pancasila. From international law standpoint, assertion over the measure’s incompatibility with human rights norms emerges. Although, a portion of the justification conveyed by the Government of Indonesia did stipulate a reference to international human rights law regime by virtue of the invocation of state of emergency and a presumably regional norm, such ...


Most Favoured Nation Clause: Unleashing Its Legal Potential In Favour Of Foreign Investors In Renewable Energy Sector, Mohammad Akefi Ghaziani, Vahid Akefi Ghaziani, Moosa Akefi Ghaziani Dr. 2022 University of Qom

Most Favoured Nation Clause: Unleashing Its Legal Potential In Favour Of Foreign Investors In Renewable Energy Sector, Mohammad Akefi Ghaziani, Vahid Akefi Ghaziani, Moosa Akefi Ghaziani Dr.

Indonesia Law Review

International Investment Law and other international legal systems, such as trade law and environmental law have interactions and dynamic interrelationships in meeting global challenges including energy security, climate change, and the need for the renewable energy transition. They help in delivering the principles of justice in the context of changing global values and legal practices. Accordingly, they have a potential share in the global climate change mitigation agenda through innovative policies and regulations, inter alia, to facilitate and promote foreign investment and trade in the renewable energy sector. Similarly, these systems have common principles in their respective agreements. The Most-Favoured ...


Deregulation And The Lawyers' Cartel, Nuno Garoupa, Milan Markovic 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law

Deregulation And The Lawyers' Cartel, Nuno Garoupa, Milan Markovic

Faculty Scholarship

At one time, the legal profession largely regulated itself. However, based on the economic notion that increased competition would benefit consumers, jurisdictions have deregulated their legal markets by easing rules relating to attorney advertising, fees, and, most recently, nonlawyer ownership of law firms. Yet, despite reformers’ high expectations, legal markets today resemble those of previous decades, and most legal services continue to be delivered by traditional law firms. How to account for this seeming inertia?

We argue that the competition paradigm is theoretically flawed because it fails to fully account for market failures relating to asymmetric information, imperfect information, and ...


Masthead, 2022 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Masthead

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


From The Editor-In-Chief, Ashlee Raskulinecz 2022 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

From The Editor-In-Chief, Ashlee Raskulinecz

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Duty-Free “Apocalypse Insurance”: Revisiting Peter Thiel’S New Zealand Citizenship, Jonathan Barrett 2022 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Duty-Free “Apocalypse Insurance”: Revisiting Peter Thiel’S New Zealand Citizenship, Jonathan Barrett

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

New Zealand has often been imagined as a place of refuge in the event of social, ecological, economic or another catastrophe. The Covid-19 pandemic drew heightened attention to the desirability of access to a remote and temperate country. For ‘preppers’ of Silicon Valley, such access represents a form of apocalypse insurance. Google co-founder Larry Page was able to enter the country, when it was effectively sealed off to outsiders, to secure medical treatment for his child. To the surprise of many, who have been waiting months if not years for their residency applications to be processed, his investor category class ...


Corruption And Merit In The African Higher Education System: Legal, Policy And Sociological Reflections, Cristiano D'orsi 2022 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Corruption And Merit In The African Higher Education System: Legal, Policy And Sociological Reflections, Cristiano D'Orsi

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

This article analyses, under legal, political, and sociological aspects, the plight of corruption in Higher Education in Africa. On one side, the fight against corruption on the continent seems to use a growing number of legal instruments, at all levels (international, regional, sub-regional and domestic) on the other hand, however, it clashes against rooted traditions and a common mentality that often seem to justify acts of corruption in African academia. Through my work, I shed light on this, at least apparent, dichotomy and to make a synthesis of the various positions that can be found in Africa regarding this sensitive ...


Dam Jurisprudence Of The Supreme Court Of India: Situating The Case Of Mullaperiyar Dam Dispute, S. G. Sreejith 2022 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Dam Jurisprudence Of The Supreme Court Of India: Situating The Case Of Mullaperiyar Dam Dispute, S. G. Sreejith

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

The Mullaperiyar dam dispute between the South Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which pertains to the safety of a 126-year-old dam, despite a ruling by the Supreme Court of India to retain the dam, keeps on reappearing before the Court in one way or other. The primary reason for such a recurrence is the fear of 4 million people of Kerala living downstream the century-old dam. Yet the Court has been reluctant to make a final settlement to the dispute and keeps on encouraging the states to find a solution through the political process.

The reluctance of the ...


A Hague Parallel Proceedings Convention: Architecture And Features, Paul Herrup, Ronald A. Brand 2022 Member, Pennsylvania Bar

A Hague Parallel Proceedings Convention: Architecture And Features, Paul Herrup, Ronald A. Brand

Articles

In Paul Herrup and Ronald A. Brand, A Hague Convention on Parallel Proceedings, 63 Harvard International Law Journal Online 1(2022), available at https://harvardilj.org/2022/02/a-hague-convention-on-parallel-proceedings/ and https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3894502, we argued that the Hague Conference on Private International Law should not undertake a project to require or prohibit exercise of original jurisdiction in national courts. Rather, the goal of current efforts should be to improve the concentration of parallel litigation in a “better forum,” in order to achieve efficient and complete resolution of disputes in transnational litigation. The Hague Conference ...


Designing Responsive Legal Systems: A Comparative Study, Nofit Amir, Michal Alberstein 2022 Pepperdine University

Designing Responsive Legal Systems: A Comparative Study, Nofit Amir, Michal Alberstein

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

The drive for efficiency has caused many legal systems to redesign themselves, creating multiple paths for dispute resolution and incorporating settlement-promoting tools into the judicial role. However, as this study shows, legal systems have taken divergent approaches as they redesign themselves to accommodate settlement practices, leading to widely disparate results. This study probes the paths taken by three countries’ legal systems—England and Wales (common law), Israel (mixed), and Italy (continental law)—drawing on court docket analyses, courtroom observations, and interviews with judges in the three legal systems. It uncovers central points of divergence—emphasized stage of dispute resolution, separation ...


Citizenship And The First-Generation Limitation In Canada, Michael Pal, Luka Ryder-Bunting 2022 Univerity of Ottawa

Citizenship And The First-Generation Limitation In Canada, Michael Pal, Luka Ryder-Bunting

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article considers the current Canadian regime for citizenship by descent and what is known as the “first-generation limitation.” In 2009, Parliament legislated to limit the transmission of citizenship by descent. Known as the “first-generation limitation,” the new rules mean that a Canadian parent is only entitled to pass on their citizenship to their children born abroad if the parent themselves became a citizen by birth inside Canada or by naturalization. In other words, if an individual acquired Canadian citizenship by descent, they are not entitled to pass on their citizenship to their children unless those children are born in ...


Technology In The Security Sector: Mexico, Vanessa J. Gutierrez, Melina Ponte, Angiee Rosario, Arleen Castillo, Henry Saldarriaga, Hector Tejeda, Stephanie Reich, Rosemary Barberet 2022 CUNY John Jay College

Technology In The Security Sector: Mexico, Vanessa J. Gutierrez, Melina Ponte, Angiee Rosario, Arleen Castillo, Henry Saldarriaga, Hector Tejeda, Stephanie Reich, Rosemary Barberet

Publications and Research

The use of technology in policing seeks to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the daily duties police officers may encounter. However, there is mixed empirical data on the use of technology and if it is really contributing to the institutional goals of the security sector, or, if it is contributing to other factors. This report provides an exploratory approach to understanding what information technology is being used in Mexico at the state level, in order to compare where broader application of information technology could make impactful contributions to the security situation in the country.

With a focus on six ...


All Bets Are On! . . . Line: The Varied Regulatory Framework Of An Interconnected Online Sports Betting System, Meg Graham 2022 University of Georgia School of Law

All Bets Are On! . . . Line: The Varied Regulatory Framework Of An Interconnected Online Sports Betting System, Meg Graham

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Surrogacy And Parenthood: A European Saga Of Genetic Essentialism And Gender Discrimination, Mélanie Levy 2022 Health Law Institute at the University of Neuchâtel; Tel Aviv University

Surrogacy And Parenthood: A European Saga Of Genetic Essentialism And Gender Discrimination, Mélanie Levy

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

This paper tells a story of shifting normativities, from tradition to modernity and back, regarding the recognition of legal parenthood in non-traditional families created through crossborder surrogacy. The cross-border nature of the surrogacy is often forced as most domestic legal frameworks in Europe still restrict the creation of non-traditional families through assisted reproductive technologies. Once back home, these families struggle to have birth certificates recognized and establish legal parenthood. The disjuncture between social reality and domestic law creates a situation of legal limbo. In its recent case law, the European Court of Human Rights has pushed for domestic authorities to ...


Pregnant Transgender People: What To Expect From The Court Of Justice Of The European Union's Jurisprudence On Pregnancy Discrimination, Hannah Van Dijcke 2022 University of Michigan Law School

Pregnant Transgender People: What To Expect From The Court Of Justice Of The European Union's Jurisprudence On Pregnancy Discrimination, Hannah Van Dijcke

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

Pregnant transgender people’s experiences vary: they may identify as male or non-binary and may seek gender-affirming medical care to different degrees. This variety in gender identities and bodies puts additional pressure on CJEU’s pregnancy discrimination case law—a case law that is, as this Article argues, already flawed. Building on a critique of the CJEU’s decision in Dekker, this Article discusses three alternative approaches to addressing pregnancy discrimination in EU law. The first two approaches are different ways of construing pregnancy discrimination as sex discrimination. First, the Article discusses a gender-stereotyping approach to direct sex discrimination, and ...


Masthead & Table Of Contents, 2022 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Masthead & Table Of Contents

Dalhousie Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Suspect Development Systems: Databasing Marginality And Enforcing Discipline, Rashida Richardson, Amba Kak 2022 Northeastern University

Suspect Development Systems: Databasing Marginality And Enforcing Discipline, Rashida Richardson, Amba Kak

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Algorithmic accountability law—focused on the regulation of data-driven systems like artificial intelligence (AI) or automated decision-making (ADM) tools—is the subject of lively policy debates, heated advocacy, and mainstream media attention. Concerns have moved beyond data protection and individual due process to encompass a broader range of group-level harms such as discrimination and modes of democratic participation. While a welcome and long overdue shift, the current discourse ignores systems like databases, which are viewed as technically “rudimentary” and often siloed from regulatory scrutiny and public attention. Additionally, burgeoning regulatory proposals like algorithmic impact assessments are not structured to surface ...


Comparative Lessons In Sectional Title Laws: Mitigating Urban Inequality In South Africa, Edward TI 2022 Singapore Management University

Comparative Lessons In Sectional Title Laws: Mitigating Urban Inequality In South Africa, Edward Ti

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Urban inequality in South Africa is a formidable problem that is linked to the injustices of its historical apartheid past. This paper identifies sectional titles, a form of property ownership where proprietors wholly own their apartment unit while co-owning the land and common property, as critical to providing more affordable housing. Sectional title schemes mitigate urban inequality by giving a greater proportion of the country the opportunity to own legally secure, well-located dwellings while serving as a platform where communal living could take place. Two suggestions how sectional title legislation can further alleviate aspects of urban inequality are made (1 ...


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