Validity Of Contract Law Applicable To Unilateral Acts Within A Conflict Of Laws., 2021 Associate professor of civil law- College of Law - UAEU
Validity Of Contract Law Applicable To Unilateral Acts Within A Conflict Of Laws., Firas Kasassbeh
Journal Sharia and Law
The law makers and jurists have never shown clear interest in the issue of the law applicable to unilateral undertakings (acte juridique unilatéral). This is the case under Jordanian law despite the fact that unilateral undertaking is deemed under one of the general sources of rights (obligations). Accordingly, it shall be assumed that the general rule shall be subject to the same provisions that are applied to contracts, and therefore, it shall be applied to unilateral undertakings, including those relating to conflict of laws that govern this issue.
This study explores the extent to which the law applicable to contracts ...
Transnational Access To Justice, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
Transnational Access To Justice, Christopher A. Whytock
The study of access to justice has long had a strong domestic focus. This Article draws attention to a different aspect of access to justice, one that has, so far, received comparatively little attention: transnational access to justice. It presents a typology of transnational access-to-justice problems, explains why those problems are distinctive and important to understand and address, and proposes an agenda for further transnational access-to-justice research.
Part I defines the concept of transnational access to justice. Part II develops a typology of transnational access-to-justice problems, including different types of transnational access-to-justice gaps and conflicts. It shows that although some ...
The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law
The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, Olivia Merritt
Villanova Environmental Law Journal
No abstract provided.
Maritime Police Law Of The People’S Republic Of China, 2021 U.S. Naval War College
Maritime Police Law Of The People’S Republic Of China, Raul (Pete) Pedrozo
International Law Studies
China’s new Maritime Police Law (MPL) purports to regulate the duties of China’s maritime police agencies, including the China Coast Guard, and safeguard China’s sovereignty, security, and rights and interest. The MPL has potentially far-reaching application, as China claims extensive maritime areas off its mainland and in the South China Sea. This expansive application of maritime law enforcement jurisdiction is problematic given that most of China’s maritime claims are inconsistent with international law. To the extent that the MPL purports to assert jurisdiction over foreign flagged vessels in disputed areas or on the high seas, it ...
Accountability For Employers Or Independence For Contractors? Accomplishing Ab5’S Labor Classification Goals In The Gig Economy, 2021 Seattle University School of Law
Accountability For Employers Or Independence For Contractors? Accomplishing Ab5’S Labor Classification Goals In The Gig Economy, Chelsea Rauch
Seattle University Law Review
U.S. employment law traditionally classifies workers as either employees or independent contractors; each worker under this traditional legal rubric can only be classified as one or the other—there can be no ambiguity or overlap. An employee is generally defined as “a person hired for a regular, continuous period to perform work for an employer who maintains control over both the service details and the final product.” In contrast, an independent contractor is generally defined as “a worker who performs services for others, usually under contract, while at the same time retaining economic independence and complete control over both ...
Duress In Immigration Law, 2021 Seattle University School of Law
Duress In Immigration Law, Elizabeth A. Keyes
Seattle University Law Review
The doctrine of duress is common to other bodies of law, but the application of the duress doctrine is both unclear and highly unstable in immigration law. Outside of immigration law, a person who commits a criminal act out of well-placed fear of terrible consequences is different than a person who willingly commits a crime, but American immigration law does not recognize this difference. The lack of clarity leads to certain absurd results and demands reimagining, redefinition, and an unequivocal statement of the significance of duress in ascertaining culpability. While there are inevitably some difficult lines to be drawn in ...
Choice Of Law And The Preponderantly Multistate Rule: The Example Of Successor Corporation Products Liability, 2021 Penn State Dickinson Law
Choice Of Law And The Preponderantly Multistate Rule: The Example Of Successor Corporation Products Liability, Diana Sclar
Dickinson Law Review
Most state rules of substantive law, whether legislative or judicial, ordinarily adjust rights and obligations among local parties with respect to local events. Conventional choice of law methodologies for adjudicating disputes with multistate connections all start from an explicit or implicit assumption of a choice between such locally oriented substantive rules. This article reveals, for the first time, that some state rules of substantive law ordinarily adjust rights and obligations with respect to parties and events connected to more than one state and only occasionally apply to wholly local matters. For these rules I use the term “nominally domestic rules ...
Achieving Better Care In Pennsylvania By Allowing Pharmacists To Practice Pharmacy, 2021 Penn State Dickinson Law
Achieving Better Care In Pennsylvania By Allowing Pharmacists To Practice Pharmacy, Travis Murray
Dickinson Law Review
Traditionally, state legislatures implemented Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (“PDMPs”) to assist prescribers, pharmacists, and law enforcement in identifying patients likely to misuse, abuse, or divert controlled substances. PDMP databases contain a catalog of a patient’s recent controlled substances that pharmacies have filled, including the date, location, the quantity of medication filled, and the prescribing health care provider. Prescribers in Pennsylvania have a duty to query the PDMP before prescribing controlled substances in most clinical settings. Pharmacists have a similar duty in Pennsylvania to dispense safe and effective medication therapy to patients and to screen patients for potential signs of ...
United States Supreme Court Survey: 2019 Term: Hernandez V. Mesa: A Catalyst For Change?, 2021 Roger Williams University School of Law
United States Supreme Court Survey: 2019 Term: Hernandez V. Mesa: A Catalyst For Change?, Diana Hassel
Roger Williams University Law Review
No abstract provided.
Data As The New Oil: A Slippery Slope Of Trade Secret Implications Greased By The California Consumer Privacy Act, 2021 Mitchell Hamline School of Law
Data As The New Oil: A Slippery Slope Of Trade Secret Implications Greased By The California Consumer Privacy Act, Megan Marie Miller
Following the European model of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the state of California implemented the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) on January 1, 2020. The CCPA allows any California consumer to demand to see all of the information that a company has saved on them; consumers can also request a full list of all the third parties that their data is shared with, sold to, and for what commercial purpose. This paper reviews the implications of a new law on the disclosure of trade secrets like client lists and algorithms that manipulate consumers’ data. Ultimately, the issue comes ...
The Hague Judgments Convention In The United States: A “Game Changer” Or A New Path To The Old Game?, 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law
The Hague Judgments Convention In The United States: A “Game Changer” Or A New Path To The Old Game?, Ronald A. Brand
The Hague Judgments Convention, completed on July 2, 2019, is built on a list of “jurisdictional filters” in Article 5(1), and grounds for non-recognition in Article 7. If one of the thirteen jurisdictional tests in Article 5(1) is satisfied, the judgment may circulate under the Convention, subject to the grounds for non-recognition found in Article 7. This approach to Convention structure is especially significant for countries considering ratification and implementation. A different structure was suggested in the initial Working Group stage of the Convention’s preparation which would have avoided the complexity of multiple rules of indirect jurisdiction ...
Table Of Contents, 2021 Seattle University School of Law
Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review
Seattle University Law Review
Table of Contents
Functional Statehood In Contemporary International Law, 2020 Brooklyn Law School
Functional Statehood In Contemporary International Law, William Thomas Worster
Brooklyn Journal of International Law
The international community lacks a form of territorial-based, international legal personality distinct from statehood, and yet, non-state, territorial entities of varying degrees of autonomy or independence need to function within the international community in some form. Some of these entities cannot be recognized as states because their creation violates jus cogens norms, though others are not recognized based on an assessment that they may not fully qualify as a state or that there are political reasons to refuse recognition. However, existing states still need to engage with these territorial quasi-states through the only paradigm the international community has—statehood. For ...
Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, 2020 PhD (base doctorate) student at International Islamic Academy of Uzbekistan
Arbitration (Tahkim) And Reconciliation (Sulh) In Islam As Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Saidilyos Khakimov
The Light of Islam
The main reason behind this work is to illustrate the current need for Islamic alternative dispute resolution methods and oﬀer analysis to show the benefts of their applications. There has been a vivid rise in ADRs’ recognition globally as a substitute for litigation and related issues that would be better if addressed with an Islamic perspective. The wide usage of the term has been intensifed uninterruptedly after the second half of the 20th century. This paper intends to introduce a 1,5-centuryyear-old background of legally institutionalized arbitration
(Tahkim) and reconciliation (Sulh), Islamic means or ways of alternative dispute resolution. I ...
The Rise Of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Financial Centre Court, 2020 Hamad bin Khalifa University, College of Law
The Rise Of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Financial Centre Court, Ilias Bantekas
Pace International Law Review
The proliferation of international commercial courts aims to boost income from legal services and serve as a catalyst for newly found rules of law and thus attract investor confidence. The latter is the underlying purpose for the creation of the Astana International Financial Centre (AIFC) and its Court. The Court’s legal framework is set out in the tradition of its competitors in the Gulf and similarly employs an impressive lineup of former senior judges from the United Kingdom. It is a unique experiment because it strives to create a balance between maintaining a judicial institution of the highest caliber ...
Preemption: Executive Order By The Governor To Ensure A Safe & Healthy Georgia, 2020 Georgia State University College of Law
Preemption: Executive Order By The Governor To Ensure A Safe & Healthy Georgia, Marisa P. Ahlzadeh, Fanny Chac
Georgia State University Law Review
The doctrine of preemption expresses the idea that “a higher authority of law will displace a lower authority of law when the two authorities come into conflict.” Preemption exists on both the federal and state level. According to the Georgia Constitution, local laws are permissible if they do not conflict with the state law on the subject. During a Public Health State of Emergency, the Governor of Georgia maintains certain expanded powers to take necessary action for the health and safety of the public. On April 2, 2020, Governor Brian Kemp (R) used these expanded powers to enact an Executive ...
Federal Rule 44.1: Foreign Law In U.S. Courts Today, 2020 University of Pittsburgh School of Law
Federal Rule 44.1: Foreign Law In U.S. Courts Today, Vivian Grosswald Curran
This article presents an in-depth analysis of the latent methodological issues that are as much a cause of U.S. federal court avoidance of foreign law as are judicial difficulties in obtaining foreign legal materials and difficulties in understanding foreign legal orders and languages. It explores Rule 44.1’s inadvertent introduction of a civil-law method into a common-law framework, and the results that have ensued, including an incomplete transition of foreign law from being an issue of fact to becoming an issue of law. It addresses the ways in which courts obtain information about foreign law today, suggesting among ...
Enough Is As Good As A Feast, 2020 Seattle University School of Law
Enough Is As Good As A Feast, Noah C. Chauvin
Seattle University Law Review
Ipse Dixit, the podcast on legal scholarship, provides a valuable service to the legal community and particularly to the legal academy. The podcast’s hosts skillfully interview guests about their legal and law-related scholarship, helping those guests communicate their ideas clearly and concisely. In this review essay, I argue that Ipse Dixit has made a major contribution to legal scholarship by demonstrating in its interview episodes that law review articles are neither the only nor the best way of communicating scholarly ideas. This contribution should be considered “scholarship,” because one of the primary goals of scholarship is to communicate new ...
Family Law Disputes Between International Couples In U.S. Courts, 2020 University of PIttsburgh School of Law
Family Law Disputes Between International Couples In U.S. Courts, Rhonda Wasserman
Increasing mobility, migration, and growing numbers of international couples give rise to a host of family law issues. For instance, when marital partners are citizens of different countries, or live outside the country of which they are citizens, or move between countries, courts must first determine if they have jurisdiction to hear divorce or child custody actions. Given that countries around the world are governed by different legal regimes, such as the common law system, civil codes, religious law, and customary law, choice of law questions also complicate family litigation. This short article addresses the jurisdictional and other conflicts issues ...
Conflict Of Norms Between The Maori Customary Burial And The New Zealand Statutory Law, 2020 University of Bergen, Faculty of Law, Norway
Conflict Of Norms Between The Maori Customary Burial And The New Zealand Statutory Law, Joanna Siekiera
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Iuridica
The aim of the paper is to present conflict of norms in the New Zealand legal order on the basis of Maori customary burial (tangihanga). This conflict remains unsolved, but in fact concerns many citizens. New Zealand law is a hybrid of legal and religious customs coming from the indigenous minority of Maoris on one hand and the British common law system on the other side. It needs to be underlined that the Maori customary law (tikanga) possesses de iure a position as norms of the jus cogens character. Any ruling of courts or tribunals, any act of the parliament ...