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Hawai'i Wildlife Fund V. County Of Maui, Lowell J. Chandler 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Hawai'i Wildlife Fund V. County Of Maui, Lowell J. Chandler

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Hawai’i Wildlife Fund v. County of Maui, the Ninth Circuit held that the plain language of the Clean Water Act provides jurisdiction over indirect discharges of pollutants from a point source into groundwater that is shown to be connected to navigable waters. The court found that studies confirmed pollutants entering the Pacific Ocean were fairly traceable to the County of Maui’s sewage disposal wells. In affirming the district court’s ruling, the Ninth Circuit held that Maui County violated the Clean Water Act by discharging pollutants into a navigable water without the required permit. The court also ...


Atlantic Richfield Company V. Montana Second Judicial District Court, Molly Kelly 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Atlantic Richfield Company V. Montana Second Judicial District Court, Molly Kelly

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Landowners in Opportunity, Montana sought restoration damages from ARCO, Anaconda Copper Mining Company’s successor, to their property from over a century of processing ore at the Anaconda Smelter. ARCO argued that CERCLA preempted and barred any claim for restoration damages. The Montana Supreme Court held: landowners could bring their state common law claims seeking restoration damages; the state district court had subject matter jurisdiction; and landowners’ proposed restoration fund did not challenge EPA’s selected remedy under CERCLA.


Muddying The Chevron Waters: The D.C. Circuit Lacks Doctrinal Clarity In Waterkeeper Alliance V. Epa, Christopher Crocker 2018 Boston College Law School

Muddying The Chevron Waters: The D.C. Circuit Lacks Doctrinal Clarity In Waterkeeper Alliance V. Epa, Christopher Crocker

Boston College Law Review

Chevron deference is one of the most contentious and misunderstood doctrines in administrative law. Justice John Paul Stevens’ opinion in the watershed 1984 case Chevron, USA, Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. established a two-step framework for courts to use in evaluating agency rule-making authority. That clear two-step process has undergone rewording and revision over the years that has resulted in a lack of doctrinal clarity. On April 11, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit decided Waterkeeper Alliance v. EPA, a challenge brought by environmentalists to an EPA rule that exempted farmers from ...


"Bears Need Room To Roam": The Ninth Circuit's Questionable Interpretation Of Critical Habitat Designation, Katherine Lee 2018 Boston College Law School

"Bears Need Room To Roam": The Ninth Circuit's Questionable Interpretation Of Critical Habitat Designation, Katherine Lee

Boston College Law Review

In February 2016, in Alaska Oil & Gas Ass’n v. Jewell, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld a decision by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to designate 187,000 square miles in northern Alaska as critical polar bear habitat. The Ninth Circuit rejected the reasoning of the District Court for the District of Alaska which found that the FWS failed to meet the “standard of specificity” required by the Endangered Species Act in determining what geographical areas constituted critical habitat. Rather, the Ninth Circuit focused on the ESA’s broad statutory purposes of ...


The New Mexico Professional Corporation, Robert J. Desiderio, Hugh J. Ault, James W. Smith 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

The New Mexico Professional Corporation, Robert J. Desiderio, Hugh J. Ault, James W. Smith

Robert Desiderio

No abstract provided.


Recent Case Decisions, 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Recent Case Decisions

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Neil Gorsuch: On Energy And Environmental Law, Benjamin Warden 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Neil Gorsuch: On Energy And Environmental Law, Benjamin Warden

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Murr V. Wisconsin: A Necessary Evil?, Sha’Kera Trimble 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Murr V. Wisconsin: A Necessary Evil?, Sha’Kera Trimble

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Interpreting The Oil Pollution Act Of 1990 (Opa 90) As Inapplicable To The Natural Gas Industry And Deepwater Lng Ports, Patrick R. Pennella 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Interpreting The Oil Pollution Act Of 1990 (Opa 90) As Inapplicable To The Natural Gas Industry And Deepwater Lng Ports, Patrick R. Pennella

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Frac Sand, Hydraulic Fracturing, And Implied Covenants: The Potential For Liability, Slate Olmstead 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Frac Sand, Hydraulic Fracturing, And Implied Covenants: The Potential For Liability, Slate Olmstead

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Quaking In Their Boots: Oklahoma Landowners And Regulators Left With An Uncertain Future After Murr V. Wisconsin, Collin McCarthy 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Quaking In Their Boots: Oklahoma Landowners And Regulators Left With An Uncertain Future After Murr V. Wisconsin, Collin Mccarthy

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Oil States Energy Services V. Greene’S Energy Group: The Future Of Inter Partes Review And Its Impact On The Energy Sector, Megan Douglah 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Oil States Energy Services V. Greene’S Energy Group: The Future Of Inter Partes Review And Its Impact On The Energy Sector, Megan Douglah

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


The Death Of The Joint Venture Exemption In Oil And Gas Securities Regulation, Megan Conner 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

The Death Of The Joint Venture Exemption In Oil And Gas Securities Regulation, Megan Conner

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction, Mason W. Smith 2018 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Editor's Introduction, Mason W. Smith

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Harvest The Wind, Harvest Your Dinner: Using Law To Encourage An Offshore Energy-Food Multiple-Use Nexus, Robin Kundis Craig 2018 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Harvest The Wind, Harvest Your Dinner: Using Law To Encourage An Offshore Energy-Food Multiple-Use Nexus, Robin Kundis Craig

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

Most scholars discuss the food-water-energy-climate nexus as it emerges on land. Less attention has been paid to the food-water-energy-climate nexus as it exists in the ocean, but that nexus exists—and it is beginning to be strained. This Article, a companion piece to the forthcoming “It’s Not Just an Offshore Wind Farm,” explores the international drive to combine offshore wind facilities with marine aquaculture, an emerging example of the water-energy-food nexus in the marine environment. Many nations are becoming increasingly interested in both offshore wind farms and open ocean marine aquaculture, but both enterprises take up considerable space in ...


The Control Of Methane And Voc Emissions From Oil And Gas Operations In The Western United States, Arnold W. Reitze Jr. 2018 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

The Control Of Methane And Voc Emissions From Oil And Gas Operations In The Western United States, Arnold W. Reitze Jr.

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

This article discusses the regulation of hydrocarbon emissions, including the emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, from the oil and gas industry in the western United States. It covers the regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Bureau of Land Management, and other Federal agencies. It also discusses the state laws of the major oil and gas producing western states: California, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. It covers operations on public, state, and private lands, but it does not cover oil and gas operations on Indian lands that are the subject of the author’s previous article.


Green Justice, The Environment And The Courts, Ruth L. Kovnat 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Green Justice, The Environment And The Courts, Ruth L. Kovnat

Ruth L. Kovnat

No abstract provided.


Air Pollution, Ruth L. Kovnat 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Air Pollution, Ruth L. Kovnat

Ruth L. Kovnat

No abstract provided.


Weed And Water Law: Regulating Legal Marijuana, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Weed And Water Law: Regulating Legal Marijuana, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Marijuana is nearing the end of its prohibition in the United States. Arguably the country’s largest cash crop, marijuana is already legal for recreational use in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and Washington DC. Between now and election day 2016, an additional 14 states may place marijuana legalization initiatives on their ballots. In addition, 23 states and Washington DC have legalized medical marijuana, with up to seven states pending legislation. The era of marijuana prohibition is rapidly coming to a close. At the same time, traditional doctrines of water law are struggling to cope with the modern realities of water ...


Florida Water Management Districts And The Florida Water Resources Act: The Challenges Of Basin-Level Management, Ryan Stoa 2018 Concordia Univeristy School of Law

Florida Water Management Districts And The Florida Water Resources Act: The Challenges Of Basin-Level Management, Ryan Stoa

Ryan B. Stoa

Florida’s plentiful freshwater resources are indispensable to the state’s municipal, agricultural, and environmental interests. As such, decision makers presiding over complex water management decisions wield extraordinary powers. The Water Resources Act of Florida vests these powers in five water management districts drawn according to hydrological, not political, boundaries. The water management districts have robust technical, financial, and regulatory powers, and hold the key to Florida’s sustainable development. With the stakes so high, Florida’s water management districts are at the center of a broad fight for control of water resources. In particular, transboundary water conflicts, political pressure ...


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