Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Environmental Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,540 Full-Text Articles 4,883 Authors 2,075,302 Downloads 121 Institutions

All Articles in Environmental Law

Faceted Search

6,540 full-text articles. Page 1 of 111.

Federal Clean Air Act Preemption Of Public Nuisance Claims: The Case For Supreme Court Resolution, Richard O. Faulk 2015 George Mason Univeristy School of Law

Federal Clean Air Act Preemption Of Public Nuisance Claims: The Case For Supreme Court Resolution, Richard O. Faulk

Richard Faulk

The current circuit-by-circuit and state-by-state approach to the question of preemption precludes any uniform standards for environmental compliance and enforcement, and also vitiates any reliable basis for capital investment, expanded operations, and workforce stability. Because Congress enacted the CAA to promote those goals—as well as jobs and a healthy economy—delaying review prolongs the uncertainty and intensifies the dilemma facing not only the courts, but also the regulated community.


Scholarship With Purpose: The View From A Mission-Driven School, Christine N. Cimini 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Scholarship With Purpose: The View From A Mission-Driven School, Christine N. Cimini

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


An Appraisal Of The Laws On Protection Of Environment In Nigeria, murtala murgan ganiyu murtala ganiyu murgan 2015 International Islamic University - Malaysia

An Appraisal Of The Laws On Protection Of Environment In Nigeria, Murtala Murgan Ganiyu Murtala Ganiyu Murgan

murtala murgan ganiyu murtala ganiyu murgan

Industrialization has brought about severe consequences on our environment and our eco system as a whole, inform of pollution of the environment. There have been cases of air pollution emanating from gas flaring, severe water pollution emanating from discharge of petroleum wastes into the rivers, earth pollution and land degradation emanating from oil spillage with terrible consequences on human lives animals, aquatic lives, farm land and crops etc. In realization of dire consequences of industrialization and pollution, efforts have been made at international, regional and national levels to put up law and regulations that are aimed at protecting the environment ...


Culture, Cognition, And Climate, Robert R.M. Verchick 2015 Loyola University New Orleans

Culture, Cognition, And Climate, Robert R.M. Verchick

Robert R.M. Verchick

Climate change is not only the mother of all market failures, it is a deep cognitive puzzle. Despite the scientific consensus, Americans remain divided over the existence of climate change and its link to human activity. Social science offers competing explanations for this phenomenon. One view says people lack good information. Another view claims people get sidetracked by “cognitive biases.” But a more recent, and more persuasive view, posits that a person’s attitude about climate change is not a risk assessment at all, but rather an expression of cultural values. This view, associated with the theory of “cultural cognition ...


Slides: Practicing Sustainability In Natural Resource Industries, Gary D. Libecap 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Slides: Practicing Sustainability In Natural Resource Industries, Gary D. Libecap

Natural Resource Industries and the Sustainability Challenge (Martz Winter Symposium, February 27-28)

Presenter: Gary D. Libecap, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management and Economics Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

10 slides


Smith V. Parker, Lindsay M. Thane 2015 University of Montana School of Law

Smith V. Parker, Lindsay M. Thane

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals found that an 1882 Act of Congress did not intend to diminish the boundaries of the Omaha Indian Reservation in Nebraska. The district court’s decision was affirmed because reservation land may not be divested from the tribe absent clear congressional intent to alter the reservation’s boundaries. Because the Omaha Reservation land was not diminished, the town of Pender, Nebraska—which currently sits on Reservation land—and residents of Pender, Nebraska who are engaged in the sale of alcoholic beverages must comply with the Omaha Tribal Code’s imposition of a ten percent ...


Behavioral Regulation Of Individual Ghg Emissions: Reconceiving The Internal/Social Divide In Norm Theory, Alex Geisinger 2015 Drexel University

Behavioral Regulation Of Individual Ghg Emissions: Reconceiving The Internal/Social Divide In Norm Theory, Alex Geisinger

Alex Geisinger

The demand for smarter regulation with low enforcement costs, coupled with the compelling argument that individual behavior must be regulated in any comprehensive response to climate change, has increased the desire for new forms of behavioral regulation. One of these new behavioral tools is normative regulation. Normative regulation harnesses the internal and social enforcement mechanisms of community norms as a means of changing individual behavior. Normative regulation holds significant promise for influencing many different types of behaviors—including energy conservation. However, the use of normative regulation is hampered by a well-entrenched belief in legal scholarship that social enforcement is available ...


With Federal Money Up For Grabs And The Clean Energy Dream Within Reach, The Ninth Circuit Rubber Stamps The Central District’S Flawed Judgment In Western Watershed Project V. Salazar: Should Nepa Jurisprudence Be Modified?, Erik Faussner 2015 Golden Gate University School of Law

With Federal Money Up For Grabs And The Clean Energy Dream Within Reach, The Ninth Circuit Rubber Stamps The Central District’S Flawed Judgment In Western Watershed Project V. Salazar: Should Nepa Jurisprudence Be Modified?, Erik Faussner

Golden Gate University Law Review

As a clean-energy leader, California has been rapidly developing clean-energy infrastructure to meet its goal of supplying 33% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. The federal government has also been an active participant in this push for a clean-energy future, creating an atmosphere where big projects can thrive on federal land with help from the federal purse. With support from the state and federal governments, large-scale clean-energy projects will become commonplace in the California desert. The Southwest is an ideal place for solar development because of its reliably sunny weather. Unfortunately, the rapid expansion of clean-energy infrastructure has ...


The International And Domestic Law Of Climate Change: A Binding International Agreement Without The Senate Or Congress?, David A. Wirth 2015 Boston College Law School

The International And Domestic Law Of Climate Change: A Binding International Agreement Without The Senate Or Congress?, David A. Wirth

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This Article asserts that neither Senate advice and consent nor new congressional legislation are necessarily conditions precedent to the United States' becoming a party to a binding agreement to be adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is to be held in Paris in December 2015. Depending on the form of such an agreement, which is presently under negotiation, the President's Climate Action Plan could provide sufficient domestic legal authority for the conclusion of all or part of such a binding international instrument as an executive agreement, as well ...


Agencies, Courts, And The Limits Of Balancing, Daniel A. Farber 2015 Berkeley Law

Agencies, Courts, And The Limits Of Balancing, Daniel A. Farber

Daniel A Farber

Courts have struggled in several very different contexts to determine when a decision maker can consider costs that are not explicitly addressed in the governing statute. This issue arises when agencies decide whether to conduct a rulemaking or what rule to issue after a rulemaking. It also arises when courts decide whether to enjoin a violation of a statute or whether to vacate an administrative rule rather than simply remanding. Judicial opinions point in different directions and often ignore each other.

This Article contends that the same principles should govern judicial and agency discretion to consider costs across all these ...


Protecting Marine Biodiversity In Latin America Through Area-Based Fisheries Regulation, Xiao Recio-Blanco 2015 Duke University

Protecting Marine Biodiversity In Latin America Through Area-Based Fisheries Regulation, Xiao Recio-Blanco

Xiao Recio-Blanco

Governments all around the world have addressed the challenge of marine resources management enacting laws and enforcing public policies. To date, most of these initiatives have failed. In Latin America, sophisticated environmental protection statutes are already in place. Unfortunately, these statutes are largely overlooked by sea users and government officials. Lack of compliance has become the most significant hurdle to the sustainable use of Latin America’s marine resources.

Recently, governments and Non-Governmental Organizations in Latin America have showed increased interest in Marine Spatial Planning (MSP). MSP is a process that analyzes the spatial distribution of human activities at sea ...


Shared Sovereignty: The Role Of Expert Agencies In Environmental Law, Michael Blumm, Andrea Lang 2015 Lewis & Clark Law School

Shared Sovereignty: The Role Of Expert Agencies In Environmental Law, Michael Blumm, Andrea Lang

Michael Blumm

Environmental law usually features statutory interpretation or administrative interpretation by a single agency. Less frequent is a close look at the mechanics of implementing environmental policy across agency lines. In this article, we offer such a look: a comparative analysis of five statutes and their approaches to sharing decision-making authority among more than one federal agency. We call this pluralistic approach to administrative decisionmaking “shared sovereignty.”

In this analysis, we compare implementation of the National Environmental Policy, the National Historic Preservation Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Federal Power Act. All of these statutes incorporate ...


Book Review: Nuclear Weapons And Law. Ed. Arthur Selwyn Miller And Martin Feinrider. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1984., Dorinda G. Dallmeyer 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Book Review: Nuclear Weapons And Law. Ed. Arthur Selwyn Miller And Martin Feinrider. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1984., Dorinda G. Dallmeyer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Agenda: Seeds Of Change: Responding To Global Change In A Bottom-Up World, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment, Posner Center for International Development, RESOLVE (Firm), Newmont Mining Corporation 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Seeds Of Change: Responding To Global Change In A Bottom-Up World, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment, Posner Center For International Development, Resolve (Firm), Newmont Mining Corporation

Seeds of Change: Responding to Global Change in a Bottom-Up World (Martz Winter Symposium, February 12-13)

Sponsors: Posner Center for International Development, RESOLVE, Inc., Newmont Mining Corporation, and Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment.

Conference moderators, panelists and speakers included University of Colorado Law School professors Phil Weiser, Sarah Krakoff, Britt Banks, and Lakshman Guruswamy.

This conference is made possible through the generous support of donors who sponsored this year’s Martz Sustainability Symposium (including Newmont Mining Corporation) and those who have invested in our Clyde O. Martz Endowed Fund for Natural Resources Management (including Brian Dolan and Davis Graham and Stubbs LLP). The Martz Natural Resources Management Fund was established in the ...


Preventing Perpetuity: Ensuring Clean Mine Closure Without Water Treatment Into Infinity, Nicholas Clabbers 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

Preventing Perpetuity: Ensuring Clean Mine Closure Without Water Treatment Into Infinity, Nicholas Clabbers

Nicholas Clabbers

Mine closure is a pressing environmental problem. Done improperly, mine closure can leave behind

an ugly legacy of water and soil pollution from heavy metals and mining byproducts. Many scientific

studies that attempt to quantify and explain the impacts of mine closure, both the formal legal and

policy analysis, are sparse, especially with regards to proposed solutions. This article fills that gap – it

provides an overview of the legal barriers to clean mine closure, a survey of existing law, and a

thorough analysis of a possible framework for improved mine remediation. It advances practical

solutions and works through the steps ...


Land Use Exactions, Anti-Evasion, And Koontz V. St. Johns River Water Management District, Michael B. Kent Jr. 2015 Campbell University

Land Use Exactions, Anti-Evasion, And Koontz V. St. Johns River Water Management District, Michael B. Kent Jr.

Michael B. Kent Jr.

This article considers the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District, which extended the application of the Court’s exactions test (known as Nollan/Dollan). The majority of the Court relied heavily on the unconstitutional conditions doctrine, explaining that this doctrine formed the basis not only for the Nollan/Dolan framework but also for the extension of that framework to Koontz’s new factual setting. Led by Justice Kagan, four members of the Court dissented. Although the dissenting Justices seemingly agreed with several of the majority’s propositions, they vigorously opposed ...


Projected Impact Of Global Warming On West Africa: Case For Regional And Transnational Adaptive Measures, Nwabueze Dozie Ezeife 2015 Golden Gate University School of Law

Projected Impact Of Global Warming On West Africa: Case For Regional And Transnational Adaptive Measures, Nwabueze Dozie Ezeife

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

This paper explores the concept of Global Warming, the science behind it and signs of it in the region of West Africa. Then it attempts a look at how the countries of West Africa plan for life in a dramatically warmed world. It will conclude by making a case for Regional and Transnational Adaptation measures to cope with an increasingly warming and vulnerable world.

The paper is based on a review of research projects, abstracts of international conferences, regional and international literature on climate change and policies, draft strategies, policies and action plans developed by countries of the region, as ...


Climate Change And Nigeria’S Sustainable Development Of Vision 20-2020, Dr. S. Gozie Ogbodo, Dr. Ngozi F. Stewart 2015 University of Benin, Nigeria

Climate Change And Nigeria’S Sustainable Development Of Vision 20-2020, Dr. S. Gozie Ogbodo, Dr. Ngozi F. Stewart

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

Nigeria’s current development vision is to become one of the fastest developing economies in the world by the year 2020. Unfortunately, Nigeria flares an estimated 2.5 million cubic feet of gas each day which amounts to almost 40 percent of the total gas consumed in Africa. Thus, the country is one of the leading emitters of carbon dioxide, a veritable source of climate change. This paper will argue that the negative consequences of climate change are inimical to Nigeria’s sustainable development. Further, the paper will fault the sincerity of the vision and assert that the leadership of ...


Transnational Area-Based Ocean Management: Finding Avenues For Regulatory Harmonization, Xiao Recio-Blanco 2015 Duke University

Transnational Area-Based Ocean Management: Finding Avenues For Regulatory Harmonization, Xiao Recio-Blanco

Xiao Recio-Blanco

In the last few decades, governments have regulated human activities at sea and their environmental impact through piecemeal, use-by-use prescriptive regulation. These domestic laws have been unable to solve basic problems such as overfishing or marine habitat loss.

Some ocean management experts have argued that managing areas of the sea in order to maximize one or a set of objectives might be more effective than the non-spatial approach. Implementing a comprehensive system of area-based management requires planning and zoning. The process of marine spatial planning (MSP) involves assessing ocean resources as well as current and future uses; identifying compatible and ...


Sustainable Cybersecurity: Applying Lessons From The Green Movement To Managing Cyber Attacks, Scott J. Shackelford, Tim Fort 2015 Indiana University - Bloomington

Sustainable Cybersecurity: Applying Lessons From The Green Movement To Managing Cyber Attacks, Scott J. Shackelford, Tim Fort

Scott Shackelford

According to Frank Montoya, the U.S. National Counterintelligence Chief, “We’re an information-based society now. Information is everything. That makes . . . company executives, the front line – not the support mechanism, the front line – in [determining] what comes.”[1] Chief Montoya’s remarks underscore the central role played by the private sector in ongoing efforts aimed at enhancing cybersecurity, much like the increasingly vital role firms are playing in fostering sustainability. For example, according to Accenture surveys, the number of managers who consider sustainability to be critical to the future success of their organizations jumped from fifty to more than eighty ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress