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Promoting The Sustainability Of Biofuels In America: Looking To Brazil, Julia Johnson 2015 SelectedWorks

Promoting The Sustainability Of Biofuels In America: Looking To Brazil, Julia Johnson

Julia Johnson

This article explores the reasons why previous attempts at biofuels legislation in the United States have not been successful and focuses upon market-level incentives that drive consumer willingness to purchase biofuels. For the U.S.’s biofuels policies to be more effective, the nation must better employ consumer-side factors and devise policies around promoting biofuels’ ability to compete with conventional fuels. Consumer-side factors include biofuels’ accessibility and pricing, as well as the ease and attractiveness of purchasing alternative energy-powered vehicles. The U.S.’s initiatives have also neither been aggressive enough, nor sufficiently comprehensive, to enable the U.S. to ...


An Analysis Of The Federal Income Tax Issues Associated With The Residential Value Of Solar Tariff, Kayci G. Hines 2014 SelectedWorks

An Analysis Of The Federal Income Tax Issues Associated With The Residential Value Of Solar Tariff, Kayci G. Hines

Kayci G Hines

This paper is a legal analysis of the federal tax implications of cross-implementing the residential business model and the Value-of-Solar-Tariff ("VOST") rate designs with regards to solar technologies/energies. This paper discusses the importance of the resident-utility agreement's structural indicators with regards to federal income taxes.

The order of the paper's analysis proceeds as follows. Part I introduces the solar technologies, residential business model, and value of solar tariff rate design concepts. Part I also lays out a roadmap by which the rest of the paper follows. Part II discusses the traditional rate design, net metering, as well ...


A Dangerous Servant And A Fearful Master: Why Florida’S Prescribed Fire Statute Should Be Amended, Stephen McCullers 2014 University of Florida Levin College of Law

A Dangerous Servant And A Fearful Master: Why Florida’S Prescribed Fire Statute Should Be Amended, Stephen Mccullers

Florida Law Review

Fire will not be denied its opportunity to burn through Florida’s forests. The citizens of Florida, however, can accept the responsibility of deciding how the forest will burn. Fire can be purposefully ignited under exact weather conditions, acting as a controlled but dangerous servant with a slim chance of escape or harm. Or, if Floridians refuse to accept any responsibility in proactively managing forest fire, nature will determine when the forest will burn. The fire will be a fearful master, raging through the forest with the potential to cause great harm to people, property, and the environment.

In recognition ...


Protecting Vulnerable Environments In International Humanitarian Law, Michaela Halpern 2014 SelectedWorks

Protecting Vulnerable Environments In International Humanitarian Law, Michaela Halpern

Michaela Halpern

One of the fundamental principles of International Humanitarian Law, if not the fundamental principle, is the need to distinguish combatants from civilians and civilian objects in the course of belligerency. One of the most important civilian objects is the environment in which civilians live. However the importance of the environment has not been a focus of International Humanitarian Law until recent years. Rules of International Humanitarian Law now account for environmental matters generally but are not adequate to deal with particular "vulnerable" environments, such as the Arctic and the Amazon. Changes in these environments have the potential for world-wide repercussions ...


Features Of Forestry In Bangladesh And Available Legal Protections And Implications, Mahmudul Hasan 2014 SelectedWorks

Features Of Forestry In Bangladesh And Available Legal Protections And Implications, Mahmudul Hasan

Mahmudul Hasan

Due to climate change as well as rise of global temperature Bangladesh is going to face a massive environmental challenge. Being an environmentally vulnerable country Bangladesh needs to step immediately to take all sort of measures to prevent the growing environmental threats. Forestry plays a pivotal role to protect environment as well as biodiversity of a particular region. Being agriculture based country and a coastal region Bangladesh already has been facing the adverse effect of decrease of forest lands. For some decades desertification has been taking place in many arena of the country. And due to the large amount of ...


Evaluation Of Directive 2014/52/Eu And Spanish Law 21/2013 Along With The Need To Include The Reverse Environmental Assessment Analysis For The Adaptation Of Projects, Plans, And Programs To The Effects Of Climate Change, Teresa -. Parejo 2014 SelectedWorks

Evaluation Of Directive 2014/52/Eu And Spanish Law 21/2013 Along With The Need To Include The Reverse Environmental Assessment Analysis For The Adaptation Of Projects, Plans, And Programs To The Effects Of Climate Change, Teresa -. Parejo

Teresa - Parejo

The need for action on climate change is recognized around the world, and the European Union is not an exception. For that reason, the new Directive 2014/52/EU stresses the requirement to strengthen the quality of the Environmental Impact Assessment procedure by including the so-called “Reverse Environmental Impact Assessment”, which adds to the traditional tool a new and complementary vision that takes into account the effects of the changing climate into certain public and private projects.


Land Use And Climate Change Bubbles: Resilience, Retreat, And Due Diligence, John R. Nolon 2014 Pace University

Land Use And Climate Change Bubbles: Resilience, Retreat, And Due Diligence, John R. Nolon

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This article examines events on the ground in several localities where climate change is lowering property values and analyzes how those changes in value can be reckoned with by regulators. The article merges practices and principles of real estate transactions and finance with those of land use and environmental regulation.

Climate change is a planetary phenomenon whose environmental implications are far-reaching. Reports on climate change consequences increasingly focus on what is happening locally and presently, while speculation continues about long-term global consequences. In numerous communities, property values are declining because of repeated flooding, continued threats of storm surges, sustained high ...


Books Received, Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Books Received, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Solution Or Stumbling Block?: Biological Engineering And The Modern Extinction Crisis, Caroline P. Rogers 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Solution Or Stumbling Block?: Biological Engineering And The Modern Extinction Crisis, Caroline P. Rogers

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Whaling: Should The International Whaling Commission Create A Broadened Cultural Exemption To The Whaling Moratorium For Iceland?, Ramsey Henderson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Future Of Whaling: Should The International Whaling Commission Create A Broadened Cultural Exemption To The Whaling Moratorium For Iceland?, Ramsey Henderson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Climate Engineering Field Research: The Favorable Setting Of International Environmental Law, Jesse Reynolds 2014 SelectedWorks

Climate Engineering Field Research: The Favorable Setting Of International Environmental Law, Jesse Reynolds

Jesse Reynolds

As forecasts for climate change and its impacts have become more dire, climate engineering proposals have come under increasing consideration and are presently moving toward field trials. This article examines the relevant international environmental law, distinguishing between climate engineering research and deployment. It also emphasizes the climate change context of these proposals and the enabling function of law. Extant international environmental law generally favors such field tests, in large part because, even though field trials may present uncertain risks to humans and the environment, climate engineering may reduce the greater risks of climate change. Notably, this favorable legal setting is ...


Friends Of The Wild Swan V. Ashe, Hannah S. Cail 2014 The University of Montana School of Law

Friends Of The Wild Swan V. Ashe, Hannah S. Cail

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Friends of the Wild Swan v. Ashe, the District Court of Montana reviews the reasonableness of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s delayed preparation of the Canada lynx recovery plan. Environmental organizations brought the action for declaratory and injunctive relief pursuant to the ESA and the APA. In applying the “TRAC factors” and the “rule of reason,” the U.S. District Court for the District of Montana held that the Service’s twelve-year delay was unreasonable. The court ordered the Service propose a schedule, which the court will set as firm after review.


Alliance For The Wild Rockies And Native Ecosystems Council V. Krueger, Nicholas R. VandenBos 2014 The University of Montana School of Law

Alliance For The Wild Rockies And Native Ecosystems Council V. Krueger, Nicholas R. Vandenbos

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Environmental plaintiffs demanded injunctions following U.S. Forest Service approval of two fuel reduction projects in the Gallatin National Forest, alleging, inter alia, ESA and NEPA violations. Although both projects had already been challenged in Salix v. United States Forest Serv., Plaintiffs in Alliance for the Wild Rockies alleged specific harms, allowing the court to create a new injunction standard for cases involving procedural, programmatic violation of the ESA. The new test harmonizes two conflicting lines of Ninth Circuit precedent.


Environmental Protection Agency V. Eme Homer City Generation L.P., Lindsey M. West 2014 The University of Montana School of Law

Environmental Protection Agency V. Eme Homer City Generation L.P., Lindsey M. West

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The U.S. Supreme Court determined the Environmental Protection Agency properly interpreted the “Good Neighbor Provision” of the Clean Air Act in adopting the Transport Rule. The Court found, contrary to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals decision to vacate the rule entirely, the EPA did not act arbitrarily and capriciously by integrating a cost-effective allocation of emission reductions or by disallowing states a second opportunity to file a State Implementation Plan before promulgating a Federal Implementation Plan.


Arrested Development: A Call For Feasible Market-Control Measures To Incentivize Alternative Fuel Innovation And Combat Global Climate Change, Michael DiGrande 2014 Golden Gate University School of Law

Arrested Development: A Call For Feasible Market-Control Measures To Incentivize Alternative Fuel Innovation And Combat Global Climate Change, Michael Digrande

Golden Gate University Law Review

This Comment examines the implementation and perceived effectiveness of measures like California’s LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard). The following Parts explore the United States’ arrested development in implementing effective market-based measures to reduce GHGs, and how a market-based approach to incentivize fuel innovation is simply one facet in addressing the complex issue of global climate change. Part I addresses the science of global warming, identifying the immediate need to transition from an economy reliant on fossil fuels to one buoyed by the promise of new, zero-emission fuels. Part II provides background on how current notions of federalism shape environmental ...


International Trade Law And The U.S.-Eu Gmo Debate: Can Africa Weather This Storm?, Michelle K. McDonald 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

International Trade Law And The U.S.-Eu Gmo Debate: Can Africa Weather This Storm?, Michelle K. Mcdonald

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Powder River Basin Resource Council V. Wyoming Oil And Gas Conservation Commission, Lindsay M. Thane 2014 The University of Montana School of Law

Powder River Basin Resource Council V. Wyoming Oil And Gas Conservation Commission, Lindsay M. Thane

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The Wyoming Supreme Court reversed and remanded the district court’s decision that chemicals used in fracking are confidential “trade secrets” that do not need to be publicly disclosed. The Court ordered the district court to apply the WPRA, not the APA, as the standard of review, and to use the FOIA definition of “trade secrets.” The Court’s chosen definition will make it more difficult for companies to demonstrate that the chemicals they use should not be disclosed.


Global Warming Or Not: The Global Climate Is Changing And The United States Should Too, Christine Moran Sinclair 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Global Warming Or Not: The Global Climate Is Changing And The United States Should Too, Christine Moran Sinclair

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A New Global Environmental Organization, Karen Tyler Farr 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A New Global Environmental Organization, Karen Tyler Farr

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sustaining An Unsustainable Fuel Source: How Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Limitations Can Improve The Sustainability Of The Tar Oil Industry, Brittany DeBord 2014 SelectedWorks

Sustaining An Unsustainable Fuel Source: How Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Limitations Can Improve The Sustainability Of The Tar Oil Industry, Brittany Debord

Brittany DeBord

The United States seeks to achieve energy security and self-sufficiency by acquiring energy from Canadian tar sands and promoting a domestic tar sands industry. However, support for this industry is inconsistent with the greenhouse gas reduction policies of the Energy Independence and Security Act and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, since tar oil extraction creates three times more carbon emissions than conventional oil extraction. Legislation limiting lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions has already been implemented through the Renewable Fuel Standard Program in response to concerns that plant-based fuel production leads to greater carbon emissions than intended. Since the lifecycle ...


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