African Customary Law, Customs, And Women's Rights,
Cornell Law School
African Customary Law, Customs, And Women's Rights, Muna Ndulo
Cornell Law Faculty Publications
The sources of law in most African countries are customary law, the common law and legislation both colonial and post-independence. In a typical African country, the great majority of the people conduct their personal activities in accordance with and subject to customary law. Customary law has great impact in the area of personal law in regard to matters such as marriage, inheritance and traditional authority, and because it developed in an era dominated by patriarchy some of its norms conflict with human rights norms guaranteeing equality between men and women. While recognizing the role of legislation in reform, it is ...
Poverty, Welfare Reform, And The Meaning Of Disability,
Juvenile Law Center
Poverty, Welfare Reform, And The Meaning Of Disability, Jennifer Pokempner, Dorothy E. Roberts
No abstract provided.
The Story Of Narmada Bachao Andolan: Human Rights In The Global Economy And The Struggle Against The World Bank,
NYU School of Law
The Story Of Narmada Bachao Andolan: Human Rights In The Global Economy And The Struggle Against The World Bank, Smita Narula
New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers
This Chapter describes the struggle of India’s Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA), a social movement that arose in response to the building of a World Bank-funded dam project along the Narmada River. The project—which has displaced hundreds of thousands and has imposed stunning environmental costs without reaping the promised benefits of “modernization”—has been the source of constant controversy. In response, the government has maintained that large dams are essential for achieving the “common good,” reflecting the dominance of a ‘‘balancing’’ or ‘‘cost-benefit’’ approach to development over an approach that puts human rights at the center of the debate ...
Human Trafficking And Regulating Prostitution,
NYU Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Human Trafficking And Regulating Prostitution, Samuel Lee, Petra Persson
New York University Law and Economics Working Papers
We study human trafficking in a marriage market model of prostitution. When trafficking is based on coercion, trafficking victims constitute a non-zero share of supply in any unregulated prostitution market. We ask if regulation can eradicate trafficking and restore the outcome that would arise in an unregulated market without traffickers. All existing approaches – criminalization of prostitutes (“the traditional model”), licensed prostitution (“the Dutch model”), and criminalization of johns (“the Swedish model”) – fail to accomplish this goal, but we show that there exists an alternative regulatory model that does. Political support for regulation hinges on the level of gender income inequality.
The Economics Of Dowry: Causes And Effects Of An Indian Tradition,
The Economics Of Dowry: Causes And Effects Of An Indian Tradition, Tonushree Jaggi
University Avenue Undergraduate Journal of Economics
I argue that dowries exist because of a combination of two reasons. First, there is an excess supply of women in the Indian marriage market that results in the use of dowry as an equilibrating mechanism. Secondly, a differential in the patterns of human capital accumulation of men and women have led to a larger positive benefit from marriage for women than for men, the net difference of which is theoretically equivalent to the amount of the dowry. Both these explanations for the existence of dowry are fundamentally grounded in the powerful social and cultural ideologies of marriage held by ...
Women In The Legal Profession From The 1920s To The 1970s: What Can We Learn From Their Experience About Law And Social Change?,
Cornell Law School
Women In The Legal Profession From The 1920s To The 1970s: What Can We Learn From Their Experience About Law And Social Change?, Cynthia Grant Bowman
Cornell Law Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Preparing For Civil Disobedience: Indian Sex Workers And The Law,
Boston College Law School
Preparing For Civil Disobedience: Indian Sex Workers And The Law, Prabha Kotiswaran
Boston College Third World Law Journal
This article deals with the reform of prostitution laws in India. It begins with an outline of the current legislative framework available in this regard and then critically evaluates the various alternatives to the framework that have been proposed through the 1990s by the Indian government, universities and research institutions, the Indian women's movement and sex-worker organizations. After undertaking an historical examination of prostitution laws in India from colonial times up to the present, the author recommends the decriminalization of prostitution with a strong emphasis on the protection of the civil rights of prostitute women as a matter of ...
The Marital Rape Exemption: Evolution To Extinction,
Cleveland State University
The Marital Rape Exemption: Evolution To Extinction, Lalenya Weintraub Siegel
Cleveland State Law Review
It is the position of this Note that true equality between women and men can never exist until every state has completely abolished the marital rape exemption. This abolishment would give every woman, married or unmarried, the freedom to control her own body. The purpose of this Note is to encourage legislators, and those who influence them across the United States, to complete the abolishment of the marital rape exemption. Part II of this Note presents an analysis of the common law origins and legal justifications for the marital exemption. Part III examines the progressive groundbreaking states which have set ...
The Semiotics Of Visible Face Make-Up: The Masks Women Wear,
Edith Cowan University
The Semiotics Of Visible Face Make-Up: The Masks Women Wear, Madeleine Ogilvie
Theses: Doctorates and Masters
This dissertation explores the `sign' of visible face make-up and examines how women consume appearance in everyday life in contemporary Australia. Using a semiotic framework, it presents a novel new method for interpreting and gaining increased meaning into an everyday consumption phenomenon. The purpose of the study is to gain insights into why women wear make-up. It seeks to provide understanding of what this medium signifies to women and what the `sign' of make-up symbolises to the female individual. It explores how visible face make-up affects the way women consume appearance in everyday life, how they feel about themselves, and ...
Women's Employment Rights In China: Creating Harmony For Women In The Workplace,
Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Women's Employment Rights In China: Creating Harmony For Women In The Workplace, Jamie Burnett
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies
This Note explores the global problem of gender-based labor inequality as exemplified in China. China's historic and cultural framework, the efforts the Chinese government has made to coordinate with the global community on women's rights initiatives, and recent legislation passed at both national and local levels in China provide an interesting case study for countries facing gender inequality in the workplace. The items of legislation, though sometimes drafted using international treaties as a framework, contain unique provisions that provide protections for Chinese women that are not seen elsewhere in the world. Additionally, the Chinese government's current political ...