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Safe Injection Sites And The Federal "Crack House" Statute, Alex Kreit 2019 Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Safe Injection Sites And The Federal "Crack House" Statute, Alex Kreit

Boston College Law Review

Safe injection sites have become the next battlefield in the conflict between state and federal drug laws. A safe injection site is a place where injection drug users can self-administer drugs in a controlled environment under medical supervision. They have been operating in other countries, including Canada, for decades, and a wealth of evidence suggests that they can help to reduce overdose deaths. To date, however, no United States city or state has sanctioned a safe injection site. Until recently, safe injection sites were politically untenable, seen as a form of surrender in the war on drugs. This dynamic, however ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Comparative Analysis Of State Regulation Of Direct-To-Market Sales Of Finfish, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School of Law, James Philopena Jr. 2019 Rhode Island Sea Grant Law Fellow and J.D. Candidate, 2020, Roger Williams University School of Law

Comparative Analysis Of State Regulation Of Direct-To-Market Sales Of Finfish, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, James Philopena Jr.

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

No abstract provided.


A “Natural” Stand Off Between The Food And Drug Administration And The Courts: The Rise In Food-Labeling Litigation & The Need For Regulatory Reform, Amy-Lee Goodman 2019 Boston College Law School

A “Natural” Stand Off Between The Food And Drug Administration And The Courts: The Rise In Food-Labeling Litigation & The Need For Regulatory Reform, Amy-Lee Goodman

Boston College Law Review

Faced with the health and financial toll from escalating rates of chronic disease, consumers are demanding healthier food products and increased transparency regarding the ingredients in their food. Food labels provide the primary means for businesses to communicate with customers about their food products. In response to consumer demand, food companies are stocking grocery store shelves with products claiming to be wholesome, “natural” and healthy. Yet, many of these products are not as healthy or natural as purported. Although both consumers and food manufacturers place importance on the term “natural,” the Food and Drug Administration has refused to define the ...


Advancing The Aquaculture Industry Through The Federal Crop Insurance Program, Matthew H. Bowen 2019 University of Maine School of Law

Advancing The Aquaculture Industry Through The Federal Crop Insurance Program, Matthew H. Bowen

Ocean and Coastal Law Journal

In recent times, the aquaculture industry has experienced dramatic growth. The growth of the industry is a direct result of an increase in demand for seafood, and a decrease in supply from wild fisheries. The industry, however, is also experiencing growing pains. Aquaculture species, compared to their wild counterparts, are at a higher risk of catastrophic loss from a variety of different perils. These perils make investment in the aquaculture industry significantly risky. The federal crop insurance program could be a tool that mitigates these risks, but the program was designed around terrestrial agriculture, and while aquaculture may be covered ...


Pacta Sunt Servanda State Legalization Of Marijuana And Subnational Violations Of International Treaties: A Historical Perspective, Brian M. Blumenfeld 2019 attorney in the marijuana field; J.D., M.A.

Pacta Sunt Servanda State Legalization Of Marijuana And Subnational Violations Of International Treaties: A Historical Perspective, Brian M. Blumenfeld

Pepperdine Law Review

In November 2012, voters in the states of Colorado and Washington passed ballot initiatives to legalize recreational marijuana industries. Since then, eight additional states and the District of Columbia have followed suit, and many more have seen legalization debates in their legislative halls and among their electorates. Over twenty bills recently introduced in Congress have sought to break federal marijuana laws away from prohibition. Although the national debate is indeed a vibrant one, it has neglected to address how legalization may be jeopardizing the compliance status of the United States under international drug treaties, and what the consequences may be ...


100% All Natural Ambiguity: A Comparative Approach To Food Labeling Requirements For The Term “Natural” By The Food And Drug Administration And The European Union, Andréa Maehara 2019 Washington University School of Law

100% All Natural Ambiguity: A Comparative Approach To Food Labeling Requirements For The Term “Natural” By The Food And Drug Administration And The European Union, Andréa Maehara

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Despite being the only regulatory agency empowered to establish definitions for food product labeling, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not formally defined the term “natural.” The FDA’s reluctance to fully define the term increases consumer distrustful of the FDA as a regulatory body and has also led to a dramatic increase in class action lawsuits against major food corporations. This Note will argue that the FDA should issue a formal definition in order to standardize usage of “natural” on food labeling by incorporating the European Union (EU)’s approach. First, this Note will examine the origins of ...


Rohrabacher-Blumenauer Amendment, Case Law And The Department Of Justice: Who Prevails In The Medical Marijuana Legalization Debate?, Florence Shu-Acquaye 2018 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad Law Center

Rohrabacher-Blumenauer Amendment, Case Law And The Department Of Justice: Who Prevails In The Medical Marijuana Legalization Debate?, Florence Shu-Acquaye

Florence Shu-Acquaye

No abstract provided.


The Carbon Tax Vacuum And The Debate About Climate Change Impacts: Emission Taxation Of Commodity Crop Production In Food System Regulation, Gabriela Steier 2018 Food Law International

The Carbon Tax Vacuum And The Debate About Climate Change Impacts: Emission Taxation Of Commodity Crop Production In Food System Regulation, Gabriela Steier

Pace Environmental Law Review

The scientific consensus on climate change is far ahead of U.S. policy on point. In fact, the U.S. has a legal vacuum of carbon taxation while climate change continues to impact the codependence of agriculture and the environment. As this Article shows, carbon taxes follow the polluter-pays model, levying taxes on the highest greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions—and contributions to climate change. But this is not only unsustainable; it would also undermine agricultural production and, thus, food security. This Article describes how the law can regulate climate change contributions and promote adaptation and mitigation supported through carbon taxes ...


Food Sustainability In The Age Of Complex, Global Supply Chains, Steph Tai 2018 University of Wisconsin

Food Sustainability In The Age Of Complex, Global Supply Chains, Steph Tai

Arkansas Law Review

Food production has become more complex over time. Moreover, we are producing food in an increasingly global, rather than local, manner. How can demands for sustainability be reinforced in this age of complex, global supply chains? This essay focuses on three key features of the modern food supply chain: the variety of components, the complexity of the chain itself, and diversity of “enforcement” mechanisms in food production supply chains. These features suggest that traditional governmental tools (such as command and control measures) and contractual tools (such as performance standards) may not be sufficient to ensure sustainable production methods.


Selling Fish To Restaurants And The Public: A Fisher's Guide, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School of Law, Brynae Riggins 2018 Rhode Island Sea Grant Law Fellow

Selling Fish To Restaurants And The Public: A Fisher's Guide, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, Brynae Riggins

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

No abstract provided.


Ethical Cannabis Lawyering In California, Francis J. Mootz III 2018 University of the Pacific

Ethical Cannabis Lawyering In California, Francis J. Mootz Iii

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

Cannabis has a long history in the United States. Originally, doctors and pharmacists used cannabis for a variety of purposes. After the Mexican Revolution led to widespread migration from Mexico to the United States, many Americans responded by associating this influx of foreigners with the use of cannabis, and thereby racializing and stigmatizing the drug. After the collapse of prohibition, the federal government repurposed its enormous enforcement bureaucracy to address the perceived problem of cannabis, despite the opposition of the American Medical Association to this new prohibition. Ultimately, both the states and the federal government classified cannabis as a dangerous ...


Sb 17 - Alcoholic Beverages, Lauren A. Newman, Erin N. Winn 2018 Georgia State University

Sb 17 - Alcoholic Beverages, Lauren A. Newman, Erin N. Winn

Georgia State University Law Review

Georgia law previously allowed counties and municipalities to permit the sale of alcoholic beverages on Sundays from 12:30 P.M. until 11:30 P.M. This Act, deemed “the Brunch Bill,” authorizes the counties and municipalities that have affirmatively voted by referendum to sell alcoholic beverages on Sundays to sell them earlier, at 11:00 A.M., if approved by a second referendum vote. This change applies to restaurants that make at least 50% of their revenue from the sale of food and hotels, and Georgia wineries.


Unrealistic Expectations: The Federal Government's Unachievable Mandate For State Cannabis Regulation, Rebecca Sweeney 2018 University of Washington School of Law

Unrealistic Expectations: The Federal Government's Unachievable Mandate For State Cannabis Regulation, Rebecca Sweeney

Washington Law Review

The states that have legalized cannabis maintain a complicated relationship with the federal government. Since the Ogden Memorandum was issued in 2009, the federal government has left regulation of cannabis to the discretion of the states. That policy has recently shifted. In 2018, former U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a new memorandum that rescinded guidance for states about how to structure the legalization of cannabis. The federal government’s current position is now ideologically aligned with that of states like Nebraska and Oklahoma. These states chose not to legalize cannabis and instead adhere to the Controlled Substances Act ...


The Uneasy Case For Patent Law, Rachel E. Sachs 2018 Washington University in St. Louis School of Law

The Uneasy Case For Patent Law, Rachel E. Sachs

Michigan Law Review

A central tenet of patent law scholarship holds that if any scientific field truly needs patents to stimulate progress, it is pharmaceuticals. Patents are thought to be critical in encouraging pharmaceutical companies to develop and commercialize new therapies, due to the high costs of researching diseases, developing treatments, and bringing drugs through the complex, expensive approval process. Scholars and policymakers often point to patent law’s apparent success in the pharmaceutical industry to justify broader calls for more expansive patent rights.

This Article challenges this conventional wisdom about the centrality of patents to drug development by presenting a case study ...


The (Re)Newed Barrier To Access To Medication: Data Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan 2018 Texas A&M University School of Law

The (Re)Newed Barrier To Access To Medication: Data Exclusivity, Srividhya Ragavan

Srividhya Ragavan

This Article is set in the background of the consequences of the WTO’s prescriptions on patenting of life-saving medications which has largely contributed to the morphing of patents o n life-saving medication into a luxury. Remarkably, there has been a transformation of the role of patents in the context of pharmaceutical innovation into a strategic business tool leading to a larger interest in creation and sustenance of regulatory rights. The biggest global development in this area is an increased effort to strengthen exclusivity using regulatory protections for all chemicals, and even, biologics, involved in all stages of drug development ...


Reversal Of Fortune: Moving Pharmaceuticals From Over-The-Counter To Prescription Status?, Lars Noah 2018 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Reversal Of Fortune: Moving Pharmaceuticals From Over-The-Counter To Prescription Status?, Lars Noah

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Life Cycle Costing And Food Systems: Concepts, Trends, And Challenges Of Impact Valuation, Katherine Fiedler, Steven Lord, Jason J. Czarnezki 2018 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Life Cycle Costing And Food Systems: Concepts, Trends, And Challenges Of Impact Valuation, Katherine Fiedler, Steven Lord, Jason J. Czarnezki

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

Our global food systems create pervasive environmental, social, and health impacts. Impact valuation is an emerging concept that aims to quantify all environmental, social, and health costs of food systems in an attempt to make the true cost of food more transparent. It also is designed to facilitate the transformation of global food systems. The concept of impact valuation is emerging at the same time as, and partly as a response to, calls for the development of legal mechanisms to address environmental, social, and health concerns. Information has long been understood both as a necessary precursor for regulation and as ...


The Demise Of Drug Design Litigation Death By Federal Preemption, Aaron Twerski 2018 Brooklyn Law School

The Demise Of Drug Design Litigation Death By Federal Preemption, Aaron Twerski

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Life Cycle Costing And Food Systems: Concepts, Trends, And Challenges Of Impact Valuation, Jason J. Czarnezki 2018 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Life Cycle Costing And Food Systems: Concepts, Trends, And Challenges Of Impact Valuation, Jason J. Czarnezki

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Our global food systems create pervasive environmental, social, and health impacts. Impact valuation is an emerging concept that aims to quantify all environmental, social, and health costs of food systems in an attempt to make the true cost of food more transparent. It also is designed to facilitate the transformation of global food systems. The concept of impact valuation is emerging at the same time as, and partly as a response to, calls for the development of legal mechanisms to address environmental, social, and health concerns. Information has long been understood both as a necessary precursor for regulation and as ...


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