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Trial And Error: Lawyers And Nonlawyer Advocates, Anna E. Carpenter, Alyx Mark, Colleen Shanahan 2016 University of Tulsa College of Law

Trial And Error: Lawyers And Nonlawyer Advocates, Anna E. Carpenter, Alyx Mark, Colleen Shanahan

Anna E. Carpenter

Nonlawyer advocates are one proposed solution to the access to justice crisis and are currently permitted to practice in some civil justice settings. Theory and research suggest nonlawyers might be effective in some civil justice settings, yet we know very little, empirically, about nonlawyer practice in the United States. Using data from more than 5,000 unemployment insurance appeal hearings and interviews with lawyers and nonlawyers, this article explores how both types of representatives learn to do their work and what this means for their effectiveness. Building on recent research regarding the importance of procedural knowledge and relational expertise as ...


A Case Study On Court Of Appeals Finality, Michael Nolan 2016 New York Court System

A Case Study On Court Of Appeals Finality, Michael Nolan

Michael J. Nolan

The article illustrates the New York Court of Appeals jurisdictional requirement of finality by tracing the history of a case in which leave to appeal was sought, and dismissed, 5 separate times.


Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly 2016 USC Law School

Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Forum shopping is problematic because it may lead to forum selling. For diverse motives, including prestige, local benefits, or re-election, some judges want to hear more cases. When plaintiffs have wide choice of forum, such judges have incentives to make the law more pro-plaintiff, because plaintiffs choose the court. While only a few judges may be motivated to attract more cases, their actions can have large effects, because their courts will attract a disproportionate share of cases. For example, judges in the Eastern District of Texas have distorted the rules and practices relating to case assignment, joinder, discovery, transfer, and ...


International Court Of Justice - Jurisdiction - Resolutions To Expand The Jurisdiction Of The International Court Of Justice And To Improve The Court’S Image As A Viable Alternative To Achieve Pacific Settlement Of International Disputes, Terry K. Smith 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

International Court Of Justice - Jurisdiction - Resolutions To Expand The Jurisdiction Of The International Court Of Justice And To Improve The Court’S Image As A Viable Alternative To Achieve Pacific Settlement Of International Disputes, Terry K. Smith

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Admiralty - Shipowners’ Limited Liability Act - A Shipowner Cannot Invoke The Act To Limit His Liability For Wreck Removal Expenses Since A Statutory Duty To Remove A Sunken Vessel Prevents Him From Being “Without Privity Or Knowledge,” A Condition Precedent To The Invocation Of The Act, Thomas C. Holcomb 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Admiralty - Shipowners’ Limited Liability Act - A Shipowner Cannot Invoke The Act To Limit His Liability For Wreck Removal Expenses Since A Statutory Duty To Remove A Sunken Vessel Prevents Him From Being “Without Privity Or Knowledge,” A Condition Precedent To The Invocation Of The Act, Thomas C. Holcomb

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Admiralty - Torts - In Noncollision Cases Contribution Will Lie Where No Countervailing Considerations Detract From The Maritime Rule Allowing Contribution Between Joint Tortfeasors, Richard H. Siegel, Stephen O. Spinks 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Admiralty - Torts - In Noncollision Cases Contribution Will Lie Where No Countervailing Considerations Detract From The Maritime Rule Allowing Contribution Between Joint Tortfeasors, Richard H. Siegel, Stephen O. Spinks

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Aviation Law - Insurance - Neither “War Risk” Nor Other Standard Terms Denoting Civil Disturbance Within The Exclusionary Clauses Of All Risks Policies Encompass The Destruction Of An Aircraft By Hijackers, Kathy D. Izell 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Aviation Law - Insurance - Neither “War Risk” Nor Other Standard Terms Denoting Civil Disturbance Within The Exclusionary Clauses Of All Risks Policies Encompass The Destruction Of An Aircraft By Hijackers, Kathy D. Izell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Foreign Nation Judgments - If State Law Provides For The Enforceability Of Foreign Judgments, The Judgment Is Enforceable Without Determination Of Whether The Arbitration Award On Which It Is Based Is Independently Enforceable Under The Convention On The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards, John W. Kindt 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Foreign Nation Judgments - If State Law Provides For The Enforceability Of Foreign Judgments, The Judgment Is Enforceable Without Determination Of Whether The Arbitration Award On Which It Is Based Is Independently Enforceable Under The Convention On The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Arbitral Awards, John W. Kindt

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Contracts - Arbitration Agreement - An Arbitration Agreement In An International Contract Is To Be Given Full Effect By Federal Courts Except Where Public Policy Or Equity Dictate Otherwise, James D. Dunham, J. S. Schuster 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Contracts - Arbitration Agreement - An Arbitration Agreement In An International Contract Is To Be Given Full Effect By Federal Courts Except Where Public Policy Or Equity Dictate Otherwise, James D. Dunham, J. S. Schuster

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Icelandic Fisheries Dispute: A Decision Is Finally Rendered, Roger A. Briney 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

The Icelandic Fisheries Dispute: A Decision Is Finally Rendered, Roger A. Briney

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


International Straits: The Right Of Access, R. P. Cundick 2016 US Army Judge Advocate General's Corps

International Straits: The Right Of Access, R. P. Cundick

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


United States Obligations Under Status Of Forces Agreements: A New Method Of Extradition?, William J. Norton 2016 US Army Trial Judiciary

United States Obligations Under Status Of Forces Agreements: A New Method Of Extradition?, William J. Norton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Argument From Expert Opinion As Legal Evidence: Critical Questions And Admissibility Criteria Of Expert Testimony In The American Legal System, David M. Godden, Douglas Walton 2016 University of Windsor

Argument From Expert Opinion As Legal Evidence: Critical Questions And Admissibility Criteria Of Expert Testimony In The American Legal System, David M. Godden, Douglas Walton

Douglas Walton

While courts depend on expert opinions in reaching sound judgments, the role of the expert witness in legal proceedings is associated with a litany of problems. Perhaps most prevalent is the question of under what circumstances should testimony be admitted as expert opinion. We review the changing policies adopted by American courts in an attempt to ensure the reliability and usefulness of the scientific and technical information admitted as evidence. We argue that these admissibility criteria are best seen in a dialectical context as a set of critical questions of the kind commonly used in models of argumentation.


Argument From Expert Opinion As Legal Evidence: Critical Questions And Admissibility Criteria Of Expert Testimony In The American Legal System, David M. Godden, Douglas Walton 2016 University of Windsor

Argument From Expert Opinion As Legal Evidence: Critical Questions And Admissibility Criteria Of Expert Testimony In The American Legal System, David M. Godden, Douglas Walton

Douglas Walton

While courts depend on expert opinions in reaching sound judgments, the role of the expert witness in legal proceedings is associated with a litany of problems. Perhaps most prevalent is the question of under what circumstances should testimony be admitted as expert opinion. We review the changing policies adopted by American courts in an attempt to ensure the reliability and usefulness of the scientific and technical information admitted as evidence. We argue that these admissibility criteria are best seen in a dialectical context as a set of critical questions of the kind commonly used in models of argumentation.


Transgressions Of A Timid Judiciary: Our Highest Court's Refusal To Overturn Abood V. Board Of Education—Harris V. Quinn, Joe E. Ling 2016 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Transgressions Of A Timid Judiciary: Our Highest Court's Refusal To Overturn Abood V. Board Of Education—Harris V. Quinn, Joe E. Ling

Mitchell Hamline Law Review

No abstract provided.


Resurrecting Trial By Statistics, Jay Tidmarsh 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Resurrecting Trial By Statistics, Jay Tidmarsh

Jay Tidmarsh

“Trial by statistics” was a means by which a court could resolve a large number of aggregated claims: a court could try a random sample of claim, and extrapolate the average result to the remainder. In Wal-Mart, Inc. v. Dukes, the Supreme Court seemingly ended the practice at the federal level, thus removing from judges a tool that made mass aggregation more feasible. After examining the benefits and drawbacks of trial by statistics, this Article suggests an alternative that harnesses many of the positive features of the technique while avoiding its major difficulties. The technique is the “presumptive judgment”: a ...


Procedure, Substance, And Erie, Jay Tidmarsh 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Procedure, Substance, And Erie, Jay Tidmarsh

Jay Tidmarsh

This Article examines the relationship between procedure and substance, and the way in which that relationship affects Erie questions. It first suggests that "procedure" should be understood in terms of process-in other words, in terms of the way that it changes the substance of the law and the value of legal claims. It then argues that the traditional view that the definitions of "procedure" and "substance" change with the context-a pillar on which present Erie analysis is based-is wrong. Finally, it suggests a single process based principle that reconciles all of the Supreme Court's "procedural Erie" cases: that federal ...


Resurrecting Trial By Statistics, Jay Tidmarsh 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Resurrecting Trial By Statistics, Jay Tidmarsh

Jay Tidmarsh

“Trial by statistics” was a means by which a court could resolve a large number of aggregated claims: a court could try a random sample of claim, and extrapolate the average result to the remainder. In Wal-Mart, Inc. v. Dukes, the Supreme Court seemingly ended the practice at the federal level, thus removing from judges a tool that made mass aggregation more feasible. After examining the benefits and drawbacks of trial by statistics, this Article suggests an alternative that harnesses many of the positive features of the technique while avoiding its major difficulties. The technique is the “presumptive judgment”: a ...


Procedure, Substance, And Erie, Jay Tidmarsh 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Procedure, Substance, And Erie, Jay Tidmarsh

Jay Tidmarsh

This Article examines the relationship between procedure and substance, and the way in which that relationship affects Erie questions. It first suggests that "procedure" should be understood in terms of process-in other words, in terms of the way that it changes the substance of the law and the value of legal claims. It then argues that the traditional view that the definitions of "procedure" and "substance" change with the context-a pillar on which present Erie analysis is based-is wrong. Finally, it suggests a single process based principle that reconciles all of the Supreme Court's "procedural Erie" cases: that federal ...


Inside The Taft Court: Lessons From The Docket Books, Barry Cushman 2016 Notre Dame Law School

Inside The Taft Court: Lessons From The Docket Books, Barry Cushman

Barry Cushman

For many years, the docket books kept by certain of the Taft Court Justices have been held by the Office of the Curator of the Supreme Court. Though the existence of these docket books had been brought to the attention of the scholarly community, access to them was highly restricted. In April of 2014, however, the Court adopted new guidelines designed to increase access to the docket books for researchers. This article offers a report and analysis based on a review of all of the Taft Court docket books held by the Office of the Curator, which are the only ...


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