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How Context Shapes The Authority Of International Courts, Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer, Mikael Rask Madsen 2016 Duke Law School

How Context Shapes The Authority Of International Courts, Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer, Mikael Rask Madsen

Faculty Scholarship

This article provides a novel and provocative framework to assess the varied authority of international courts (ICs). We generate practicable metric that assesses de facto IC authority according to a conjunctive standard — the recognition of an obligation to comply with IC rulings, and the engagement in meaningful actions that push toward giving full effect to IC rulings. We then identify five possible types of IC authority — no authority in fact, narrow, intermediate, extensive, and public authority — that correspond to the different audiences for IC rulings. The goal of this metric is to help the contributors to a symposium on ICs ...


After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough 2015 University of Michigan

After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

35 U.S.C. § 101 allows a patent for “any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.” Recently, the Supreme Court issued several key decisions affecting the doctrine of patentable subject matter under § 101. Starting with Bilski v. Kappos (2011), and continuing with Mayo Collaborative Services, Inc. v. Prometheus Laboratories (2012), Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2013) and, most recently, Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank International (2014), every year has brought another major change to the way in which the Court assesses patentability. In Myriad, the ...


A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary LaFrance 2015 William S. Boyd School of Law, UNLV

A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary Lafrance

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

When the Supreme Court held that the first sale rule of copyright law permits the unauthorized importation and domestic sale of lawfully made copies of copyrighted works, regardless of where those copies were made, copyright owners lost much of their ability to engage in territorial price discrimination. Publishers, film and record producers, and software and videogame makers could no longer use copyright law to prevent the importation and domestic resale of gray market copies, and therefore could no longer protect their domestic distributors against competition from cheaper imported copies. However, many of these copyright owners can take advantage of a ...


District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji 2015 University of Michigan

District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Technological standards allow manufacturers and consumers to rely upon these agreed-upon basic systems to facilitate sales and further invention. However, where these standards involved patented technology, the process of standard-setting raises many concerns at the intersection of antitrust and patent law. As patent holders advocate for their patents to become part of technological standards, how should courts police this activity to prevent patent holdup and other anti-competitive practices? This Note explores the differing approaches to remedies employed by the United States International Trade Commission and the United States District Courts where standard-essential patents are infringed. This Note further proposes that ...


Governance Reform And The Judicial Role In Municipal Bankruptcy, Clayton P. Gillette, David A. Skeel Jr. 2015 New York University

Governance Reform And The Judicial Role In Municipal Bankruptcy, Clayton P. Gillette, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

Recent proceedings involving large municipalities such as Detroit, Stockton, and Vallejo illustrate both the utility and the limitations of using the Bankruptcy Code to adjust municipal debt. In this article, we contend that, to truly resolve the distress of a substantial city, municipal bankruptcy needs to do more than simply provide immediate debt relief. Debt adjustment alone does nothing to remedy the fragmented decision-making and incentives for expanding municipal budgets that underlie municipal distress. Unless bankruptcy also addresses governance dysfunction, the city may slide right back into financial crisis. Governance restructuring has long been an essential element of corporate bankruptcy ...


The Signing Of Court Processes: The Legal Issues Arising And Its Effects On The Administration Of Justice In Nigeria, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo 2015 Lagos State University

The Signing Of Court Processes: The Legal Issues Arising And Its Effects On The Administration Of Justice In Nigeria, Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

Oluwaseun Viyon Ojo

The signing of court processes by a person not known to law has significantly dominated the arena of legal discourse among the legal practitioners and major stakeholders in the legal community. The question of whether a person not known to law (in the light of the Legal Practitioners Act) can validly sign any court process to be adopted in any legal proceeding has generated intense debate and discussions from every angle. The main thrust of the issue relates essentially to whether the ends of justice are better realised where the courts hold that the absence of a named legal practitioner ...


Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas 2015 Ursinus College

Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas

Politics Summer Fellows

Contemporary mainstream discussions of the Supreme Court are often qualified with the warning that the nine justices are out of touch with everyday American life, especially when it comes to the newest and most popular technologies. For instance, during oral argument for City of Ontario v. Quon, a 2010 case that dealt with sexting on government-issued devices, Chief Justice John Roberts famously asked what the difference was “between email and a pager,” and Justice Antonin Scalia wondered if the “spicy little conversations” held via text message could be printed and distributed. While these comments have garnered a great deal of ...


My Body, Not My Say: Regulation Of Reproductive Freedom In America, Kisha K. Patel 2015 Ursinus College

My Body, Not My Say: Regulation Of Reproductive Freedom In America, Kisha K. Patel

Gender and Women's Studies Summer Fellows

Women’s bodies have been legislated for years. Many people associate regulation beginning in 1973 when Roe V. Wade was decided, however legislation has affected women for much longer. These infringements on women’s rights create a major roadblock in gender equality. During summer fellows I researched how the law regulates aspects of American women's lives particularly in reproductive freedom (birth control, day-after pill, abortion, maternity discrimination). Conducting this research included thorough research of 48 pieces of congressional legislation from the 114th Congress that limit women's reproductive freedom through abortion bans, non-accessible health care, and cuts in ...


The Sentencing Legacy Of The Special Court For Sierra Leone, Shahram Dana 2015 Griffith Law School, Griffith University

The Sentencing Legacy Of The Special Court For Sierra Leone, Shahram Dana

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A New Public-Interest Appellate Model: Public Counsel's Court-Based Self-Help Clinic And Pro Bono Triage For Indigent Pro Se Civil Litigants On Appeal, Meehan Rasch 2015 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

A New Public-Interest Appellate Model: Public Counsel's Court-Based Self-Help Clinic And Pro Bono Triage For Indigent Pro Se Civil Litigants On Appeal, Meehan Rasch

The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process

No abstract provided.


Oral Argument In The Early Roberts Court: A Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis Of Individual Justice Behavior, James C. Phillips, Edward L. Carter 2015 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

Oral Argument In The Early Roberts Court: A Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis Of Individual Justice Behavior, James C. Phillips, Edward L. Carter

The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process

No abstract provided.


Appellate Review Of Unpreserved Questions In Criminal Cases: An Attempt To Define The Interest Of Justice, Larry Cunningham 2015 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

Appellate Review Of Unpreserved Questions In Criminal Cases: An Attempt To Define The Interest Of Justice, Larry Cunningham

The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process

No abstract provided.


Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil

Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra

Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

With the changes in the paradigm of voluntarism developed under the protection of liberalism, the bases for legal acts have reached an objective dimension, resulting in the birth of a number of mechanisms of control of private autonomy. Among these mechanisms, we can point out the relevance of those reinforced by the Roman Law, whose high ethical value underlines one of its biggest virtues in the control of the exercise of subjective rights. The prohibition of inconsistent behavior, conceived in the brocard venire contra factum proprium, constitutes one of the concepts from the Roman Law renown for the protection of ...


The Answer To Trial Publicity Is A Better Question, Kevin F. Qualls 2015 Murray State University

The Answer To Trial Publicity Is A Better Question, Kevin F. Qualls

Kevin F Qualls

Free-Press/Fair-Trial contests now happen in a new media age. Judicial remedies such as change-of-venue, sequestration, jury admonitions, and gag orders were fashioned in an era that included broadcast radio and television, an emerging cable television industry, and the traditional print media of newspapers and magazines. That content was, to some degree, geographically bound and temporary. Now those judicial remedies are applied in a new media age that extends the reach of traditional media in time and space while offering interactive capability. The efficacy of these remedies is in question. This paper provides an historical overview of how judicial remedies ...


Beyond The Written Constitution: A Short Analysis Of Warren Court, Thiago Luis Santos Sombra 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil

Beyond The Written Constitution: A Short Analysis Of Warren Court, Thiago Luis Santos Sombra

Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

This essay propose an analysis about how Warren Court became one of the most particular in American History by confronting Jim Crow law, especially by applying the Bill of Rights. In this essay, we propose an analysis of how complex the unwritten Constitution is. Cases like Brown vs. Board of Education will be analyzed from a different point of view to understand the methods of the Court.


Do We Know How To Punish?, Benjamin L. Apt 2015 U.S. Dept. of Labor

Do We Know How To Punish?, Benjamin L. Apt

Benjamin L. Apt

A number of current theories attempt to explain the purpose and need for criminal punishment. All of them depend on some sort of normative basis in justifying why the state may penalize people found guilty of crimes. Yet each of these theories lacks an epistemological foundation; none of them explains how we can know what form punishments should take. The article analyses the epistemological gaps in the predominant theories of punishment: retributivism, including limited-retributivism; and consequentialism in its various versions, ranging from deterrence to the reparative theories such as restorative justice and rehabilitation. It demonstrates that the common putative epistemological ...


Veteran Treatment Courts, Honorable Robert T. Russell 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Veteran Treatment Courts, Honorable Robert T. Russell

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sexually Exploited Youth: A View From The Bench, Honorable Fernando Camacho 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Sexually Exploited Youth: A View From The Bench, Honorable Fernando Camacho

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mental Health Courts: Bridging Two Worlds, Honorable Matthew J. D’Emic 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Mental Health Courts: Bridging Two Worlds, Honorable Matthew J. D’Emic

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Adjudicating Cases Involving Adolescents In Suffolk County Criminal Courts, Honorable Fernando Camacho 2015 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Adjudicating Cases Involving Adolescents In Suffolk County Criminal Courts, Honorable Fernando Camacho

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


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