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The Value Of Soft Variables In Corporate Reorganizations, Michelle M. Harner 2015 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

The Value Of Soft Variables In Corporate Reorganizations, Michelle M. Harner

Faculty Scholarship

When a company is worth more as a going concern than on a liquidation basis, what creates that additional value? Is it the people, management decisions, the simple synergies of the operating business, or some combination of these types of soft variables? And perhaps more importantly, who owns or has an interest in these soft variables? This article explores these questions under existing legal doctrine and practice norms. Specifically, it discusses the characterization of soft variables under applicable law and in financing documents, and it surveys related judicial decisions. It also considers the overarching public policy and Constitutional implications of ...


Shooing The Vultures Away From The Consumer Bankruptcy Carcass: Attorney Fees Owed By Debtors For Marital Dissolution Are Not Domestic Support Obligations, Christopher V. Davis 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Shooing The Vultures Away From The Consumer Bankruptcy Carcass: Attorney Fees Owed By Debtors For Marital Dissolution Are Not Domestic Support Obligations, Christopher V. Davis

University of Massachusetts Law Review

This Note will focus on consumer bankruptcy related to chapter 7 and chapter 13 filings. Section I provides an introduction to DSOs and the goals of enforcing them through bankruptcy. Section I also discusses the impact of DSO status on the automatic stay, discharge, priority status for property distribution of the bankruptcy estate, capability to reach exempt property, and application to attorney fees. Section II argues that, where attorney fees are not owed to a spouse, former spouse, or child, and do not fit within an impact exception, the fees are not DSOs, but instead are merely general non-secured claims ...


Discharging Student Loans Via Bankruptcy: Undue Hardship Doctrine In The First Circuit, Anthony Bowers 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Discharging Student Loans Via Bankruptcy: Undue Hardship Doctrine In The First Circuit, Anthony Bowers

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Student loans are presumptively non-dischargeable through bankruptcy, but the undue hardship doctrine provides an equitable “safety valve” for the indigent. To date, the United States First Circuit Court of Appeals has yet to select a single legal test for determining undue hardship under the United States Bankruptcy Code (“Bankruptcy Code”). Within the jurisdiction of the First Circuit, bankruptcy courts are free to choose an approach to evaluate undue hardship. In an effort to ensure consistency throughout the bankruptcy courts within the First Circuit, it would be ideal if the First Circuit would choose one of the undue hardship tests. However ...


Reaffirmation Agreements In Consumer Bankruptcy Cases, Daniel A. Austin, Donald R. Lassman 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Reaffirmation Agreements In Consumer Bankruptcy Cases, Daniel A. Austin, Donald R. Lassman

University of Massachusetts Law Review

The following is from Chapter II of our book, Reaffirmation Agreements in Consumer Bankruptcy Cases. This chapter sets forth the debtor’s obligations in connection with reaffirmation of secured debt.


Alternative Dispute Resolution In U.S. Bankruptcy Practice, Jacob A. Esher 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Alternative Dispute Resolution In U.S. Bankruptcy Practice, Jacob A. Esher

University of Massachusetts Law Review

The use of ADR in bankruptcy cases, while firmly established in concept across the nation, has been realized in a minority of jurisdictions. Mediation training of judges, lawyers and professionals of other disciplines, together with the continued development of ADR programs, is necessary to achieve the vision of a judicial system in which both adjudicative and non-adjudicative, or negotiative, dispute resolution services are available to all parties in all cases.


The Changing Practice Of Bankruptcy Law: An Analysis Of How Bankruptcy Practice Has Changed In The Last Decade, Michael Goldstein, Samantha Einhorn, Jill L. Phillips 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

The Changing Practice Of Bankruptcy Law: An Analysis Of How Bankruptcy Practice Has Changed In The Last Decade, Michael Goldstein, Samantha Einhorn, Jill L. Phillips

University of Massachusetts Law Review

The practice of bankruptcy law has changed drastically over the last decade. An attorney starting out in the field in 2009 faces different issue than one who began in 1999. However, it’s not just the issues that come up with clients that make the practice so different, but the law of bankruptcy itself has changed. The economic downturn of the last eighteen months has changed the way the public views bankruptcy. The Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2005 and In re Bateman, a case decided in 2008, altered the landscape of bankruptcy practice forever. This article will walk through a ...


Time For Change: Bringing Massachusetts Homestead And Personal Property Exemptions Into The Twenty-First Century, Lee Harrington 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Time For Change: Bringing Massachusetts Homestead And Personal Property Exemptions Into The Twenty-First Century, Lee Harrington

University of Massachusetts Law Review

There are presently two pieces of legislation pending on Beacon Hill that are intended to offer amendments to the Homestead Statute and Exemption Statute that would offer meaningful changes and real relief for the citizens of the Commonwealth. This article provides a brief history of the two statutory schemes, provides some comparisons to the schemes in other states, and highlights the changes sought by the proposed amendments.


Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly 2014 BLR

Forum Selling, Daniel M. Klerman, Greg Reilly

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Forum shopping is problematic because it may lead to forum selling. For diverse motives, such as prestige, local benefits, or re-election, some judges want to hear more cases. When plaintiffs have wide choice of forum, such judges have incentives to make the law more pro-plaintiff, because plaintiffs choose the court. While only a few judges may be motivated to attract more cases, their actions can have large effects, because their courts will attract a disproportionate share of cases. For example, judges in the Eastern District of Texas have distorted the rules and practices relating to case assignment, joinder, discovery, transfer ...


Is It Law Or Something Else?: A Divided Judiciary In The Application Of Fraudulent Transfer Law Under § 546(E) Of The Bankruptcy Code, Jaclyn Weissgerber 2014 Pace University

Is It Law Or Something Else?: A Divided Judiciary In The Application Of Fraudulent Transfer Law Under § 546(E) Of The Bankruptcy Code, Jaclyn Weissgerber

Pace Law Review

In Part I of this Note, I will provide a general overview of leveraged buyouts. The discussion of how and why LBOs are implemented is particularly relevant to the application of fraudulent transfer analysis. In Part II, I will discuss fraudulent transfer law as defined by the Bankruptcy Code. In Part III, I will discuss which transfers within the LBO should be attacked under fraudulent transfer law and why; this section will focus on the various stakes of the parties involved in the leveraged buyout transaction. I will provide an overview of the specific factors that bankruptcy and federal appellate ...


How Courts Can Prevent Excess Emitters From Using Bankruptcy As A Forum To Avoid California Ab 32’S Allowance Deductions, Mohammed Tehrani 2014 Pepperdine University

How Courts Can Prevent Excess Emitters From Using Bankruptcy As A Forum To Avoid California Ab 32’S Allowance Deductions, Mohammed Tehrani

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This paper identifies bankruptcy as a forum in which entities that exceed their emissions limit might be able to avoid the accompanying allowance deduction. Specifically, an entity might be able to sell its assets free and clear of its allowance deduction liabilities through Section 363 to a new company comprised of the same actors. Part II contrasts which liabilities can be discharged through a Chapter 11 plan and which can be avoided through a free and clear sale under Section 363. Part III analyzes whether allowance deductions could be discharged through a Chapter 11 plan or avoided through a free ...


Reconciling The Municipal Pension Problem With Chapter 9'S Automatic Stay: A Case Note On In Re City Of San Bernardino, Michael Simon 2014 Pepperdine University

Reconciling The Municipal Pension Problem With Chapter 9'S Automatic Stay: A Case Note On In Re City Of San Bernardino, Michael Simon

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

Using In re City of San Bernardino as a springboard, this Note explores both the descriptive and analytic dimensions of a municipality seeking relief from its pension woes within the context of Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code. As a descriptive matter, this Note illustrates that municipalities need alternative solutions to address the growing public pension problem besides issuing municipal bonds. Given the structure of certain public defined benefit pension systems, the strategy of issuing municipal bonds to raise cash has substantial disadvantages. In certain contexts, Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code provides a significantly better alternative. Unlike a business ...


The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson 2014 SelectedWorks

The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson

John Ferguson

No abstract provided.


Survey 2014: Bankruptcy + Student Loan Debt Crisis, Brenda Beauchamp, Jason R. Cooper 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Survey 2014: Bankruptcy + Student Loan Debt Crisis, Brenda Beauchamp, Jason R. Cooper

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Ponzi Schemes In Bankruptcy, Honorable Dorothy T. Eisenberg, Nicholas W. Quesenberry 2014 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Ponzi Schemes In Bankruptcy, Honorable Dorothy T. Eisenberg, Nicholas W. Quesenberry

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Secured Credit And Insolvency Law In Argentina And The U.S.: Gaining Insight From A Comparative Perspective, Guillermo A. Moglia Claps, Julian B. McDonnell 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Secured Credit And Insolvency Law In Argentina And The U.S.: Gaining Insight From A Comparative Perspective, Guillermo A. Moglia Claps, Julian B. Mcdonnell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Guaranteed To Work Or It's Free!: The Evolution Of Student Loan Discharge In Bankruptcy And The Ninth Circuit's Ruling In Hedlund V. Educational Resources Institute, Inc., Richard B. Keeton 2014 SelectedWorks

Guaranteed To Work Or It's Free!: The Evolution Of Student Loan Discharge In Bankruptcy And The Ninth Circuit's Ruling In Hedlund V. Educational Resources Institute, Inc., Richard B. Keeton

Richard B Keeton

This article explores the topic of student loan discharge in bankruptcy and also discusses what precedent the Ninth Circuit's holding in Hedlund v. Educational Resources Institute Inc. sets for the future. In order to rationally analyze the effect of Hedlund, this article sets forth the basic foundation of knowledge necessary to understand student loans in general along with the bankruptcy process when educational loans are in question. Additionally, it gives a brief, easy to understand history of federal student loans, which sets the context for analyzing today’s student loan options. Further, this article discusses the evolution of tests ...


When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

There are two principal ways in which a firm that is owed money payable in the future but needs the money now may use its rights to payment (“receivables”) to obtain the needed financing. It might sell its receivables, or it might borrow and use the receivables as collateral to secure the loan. Different legal consequences follow depending on whether the transaction is a true sale or is a security interest that secures an obligation (a “SISO”).


These legal consequences are particularly salient when the firm enters bankruptcy. If the transaction is a sale, then the buyer can collect the ...


The Orderly Liquidation Authority: Fanatical Or Familiar? Idealistic Or Unrealistic?, Stephanie P. Massman 2014 SelectedWorks

The Orderly Liquidation Authority: Fanatical Or Familiar? Idealistic Or Unrealistic?, Stephanie P. Massman

Stephanie P Massman

The systemic financial crisis of 2008 spurred the failure of numerous financial and non-financial entities. Regulators addressed each of these failures on an ad hoc ex-post basis, granting multiple bailouts in various forms. The refusal to extend these bailouts to one firm, Lehman Brothers, however, caused further panic and contagion throughout the already unstable market as one of the largest financial institutions of the U.S. underwent an extremely lengthy and value-destructive Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Criticism surrounding not only the bailouts, but also the decision to allow Lehman to fail under the Bankruptcy Code, led to the inclusion of the ...


From Chrysler And General Motors To Detroit, David A. Skeel Jr. 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

From Chrysler And General Motors To Detroit, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

In the past five years, three of the most remarkable bankruptcy cases in American history have come out of Detroit: the bankruptcies of Chrysler and General Motors in 2009, and of Detroit itself in 2012. The principal objective of this Article is simply to show that the Grand Bargain at the heart of the Detroit bankruptcy is the direct offspring of the bankruptcy sale transactions that were used to restructure Chrysler and GM. The proponents of Detroit’s “Grand Bargain” never would have dreamed up the transaction were it not for the federal government-engineered carmaker bankruptcies. The Article’s second ...


A Public Pensions Bailout: Economics And Law, Terrance O'Reilly 2014 University of Michigan Law School

A Public Pensions Bailout: Economics And Law, Terrance O'Reilly

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In several states, public pension plans are at risk of insolvency within a decade. These risks are significant, and the solutions currently contemplated are likely to fall short of what is necessary to contain the problem. If public pension plans do become insolvent, it seems likely the federal government will bail them out. This Article proposes that the federal government prepare for the prospect of federal financial support of public pension plans by instituting an optional regulatory regime for public pensions. If a state elects not to participate, its public pension plans would be ineligible for federal financial support. In ...


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