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The Empty Idea Of “Equality Of Creditors”, David A. Skeel Jr. 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Empty Idea Of “Equality Of Creditors”, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

For two hundred years, the equality of creditors norm—the idea that similarly situated creditors should be treated similarly—has been widely viewed as the most important principle in American bankruptcy law, rivaled only by our commitment to a fresh start for honest but unfortunate debtors. I argue in this Article that the accolades are misplaced. Although the equality norm once was a rough proxy for legitimate concerns, such as curbing self-dealing, it no longer plays this role. Nor does it serve any other beneficial purpose.

Part I of this Article traces the historical emergence and evolution of the equality ...


The Role Of History And Culture In Developing Bankruptcy And Insolvency Systems: The Perils Of Legal Transplantation, Nathalie Martin 2017 Selected Works

The Role Of History And Culture In Developing Bankruptcy And Insolvency Systems: The Perils Of Legal Transplantation, Nathalie Martin

Nathalie Martin

In this Article, Professor Nathalie Martin examines societal attitudes toward debt and financial failure in the context of two global trends, the liberalization of bankruptcy and insolvency laws, and the increased availability of consumer credit around the world. The Article begins with a description of the history of the U.S. economy, its risk-oriented capitalist ethos, its consumer culture, and its resulting consumer and business bankruptcy laws. The Article next briefly addresses the personal bankruptcy systems of Continental Europe, noting that in some places, U.S.-style bankruptcy systems have been enacted but not necessarily accepted. Professor Martin then discusses ...


Kaplan V. Dutra, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 80 (Dec. 1, 2016) (En Banc), Hayley Cummings 2016 Nevada Law Journal

Kaplan V. Dutra, 132 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 80 (Dec. 1, 2016) (En Banc), Hayley Cummings

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court, sitting en banc, reviewed a certified question from the United States Bankruptcy Court, determining that under NRS 21.010(1)(u) a debtor is entitled to a personal injury exemption of $16,150 for each personal injury claim.


Robbing Your Rival's Piggybank: The Third Circuit Affirms Bad Faith Dismissals In Involuntary Bankruptcies After In Re Forever Green Athletic Fields, Inc., Nathan L. Rudy 2016 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Robbing Your Rival's Piggybank: The Third Circuit Affirms Bad Faith Dismissals In Involuntary Bankruptcies After In Re Forever Green Athletic Fields, Inc., Nathan L. Rudy

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Bankruptcy: Where Attorneys Can Lose Big Even If They Win Big, Stanislav Veyber 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Bankruptcy: Where Attorneys Can Lose Big Even If They Win Big, Stanislav Veyber

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

Historically, bankruptcy attorneys received the short end of the stick and were paid less for their services than attorneys in other fields of law. With the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978, Congress attempted to reduce the discrepancy in compensation. However, after the Supreme Court’s decision in Baker Botts v. ASARCO; L.L.C., the playing field remains unequal for bankruptcy attorneys. Following this decision, if a debtor disputes their attorney’s fee application, attorneys are at a disadvantage and cannot recover fees for defending their fee application. As a result, bankruptcy attorneys take an effective pay cut if they ...


Understanding Wellness International Network, Ltd. V. Sharif: The Problems With Allowing Parties To Impliedly Consent To Bankruptcy Court Adjudication Of Stern Claims, Elizabeth Jackson 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Understanding Wellness International Network, Ltd. V. Sharif: The Problems With Allowing Parties To Impliedly Consent To Bankruptcy Court Adjudication Of Stern Claims, Elizabeth Jackson

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

The 2011 Supreme Court case Stern v. Marshall defined which claims bankruptcy courts had the authority to adjudicate, but it’s complicated holding left lower courts perplexed. Specifically, the Stern decision created “Stern claims”—claims that bankruptcy courts have the statutory, but not the constitutional, authority to adjudicate. Subsequent cases, such as Executive Benefits Insurance Agency v. Arkison and Wellness International Network, Ltd. v. Sharif, have grappled with whether Stern claims should be treated as “core” claims, which bankruptcy courts can enter final judgments on, or “non-core” claims, which bankruptcy courts can only enter final judgments on if the litigating ...


Governmental Intervention In An Economic Crisis, Robert Rasmussen, David A. Skeel Jr. 2016 University of Southern California

Governmental Intervention In An Economic Crisis, Robert Rasmussen, David A. Skeel Jr.

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This paper articulates a framework both for assessing the various government bailouts that took place at the onset of Great Recession and for guiding future rescue efforts when they become necessary. The goals for those engineering a bailout should be to be as transparent as possible, to articulate clearly the reason for the intervention, to respect existing priorities among investors, to exercise control only at the top level where such efforts can be seen by the public, and to exit as soon as possible. By these metrics, some of the recent bailouts should be applauded, while others fell short. We ...


Excessive State Debt: A New Approach To A Growing Problem, Vincent Buccola 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Excessive State Debt: A New Approach To A Growing Problem, Vincent Buccola

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Economists and political observers agree state governments defaulting on their debt obligations is a growing concern. How best to aid struggling states, however, is a point of contention. This Issue Brief makes a case against ex post restructuring measures, specifically bankruptcy modeled on Chapter 9 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, and in favor of ex ante debt mitigation action. In particular, it introduces tax-credit borrowing (TCB) as a potential commitment device for states that would allow for the creation of super-priority, risk-free debt. TCB ensures that states internalize the risk of default and avoids the moral hazard problem of ...


Superamento Dei Limiti Di Finanziabilità Nel Mutuo Fondiario Ed Effetti Sul Contratto, Valerio Sangiovanni 2016 Selected Works

Superamento Dei Limiti Di Finanziabilità Nel Mutuo Fondiario Ed Effetti Sul Contratto, Valerio Sangiovanni

Valerio Sangiovanni

Real Estate Mortgage Loans


La Preuve Dans Le Droit Ohada Des Entreprises En Difficultés, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe 2016 University of Abomey Calavi, Benin

La Preuve Dans Le Droit Ohada Des Entreprises En Difficultés, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe

Julien C. Hounkpe

Un nouvel Acte uniforme portant procédures collectives d'apurement du passif est entré en vigueur le 24 décembre 2015 dans l’espace OHADA. La liberté de preuve qui a valeur principielle en droit commercial, connait des aménagements dans le nouveau droit des entreprises en difficulté.       


Student Loans And Surmountable Access-To-Justice Barriers, Jason Iuliano 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Student Loans And Surmountable Access-To-Justice Barriers, Jason Iuliano

Florida Law Review

Findings and conclusions from the 2012 American Bankruptcy Law Journal Study and Response to Professor Rafael I. Pardo’s latest piece, The Undue Hardship Thicket: On Access to Justice, Procedural Noncompliance, and Pollutive Litigation in Bankruptcy.


Who Owns Kim Basinger? The Right Of Publicity's Place In The Bankruptcy System, Jody C. Campbell 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Who Owns Kim Basinger? The Right Of Publicity's Place In The Bankruptcy System, Jody C. Campbell

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Art & The “Public Trust” In Municipal Bankruptcy, Brian L. Frye 2016 University of Kentucky College of Law

Art & The “Public Trust” In Municipal Bankruptcy, Brian L. Frye

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In 2013, the City of Detroit filed the largest municipal bankruptcy action in United States history, affecting about $20 billion in municipal debt. Unusually, Detroit owned its municipal art museum, the Detroit Institute of Arts (“DIA”) and all of the works of art in the DIA collection, which were potentially worth billions of dollars. Detroit’s creditors wanted Detroit to sell the DIA art in order to satisfy its debts. Key to the confirmation of Detroit’s plan of adjustment was the DIA settlement, under which Detroit agreed to sell the DIA art to the DIA corporation in exchange for ...


The Personal Side Of Harmonizing European Insolvency Law, 2016 Selected Works

The Personal Side Of Harmonizing European Insolvency Law

Jason Kilborn

This article advances detailed proposals for a European Personal Insolvency Directive as part of the European Commission’s ongoing insolvency initiative. The Commission has been struggling with soft coordination of insolvency proceedings under the divergent national laws in the EU since 2000, and in 2012, it began taking steps toward substantive harmonization of these laws. A process firmly concentrated on business restructuring has recently expanded to personal insolvency writ large, including consumer debtors. On both business and personal procedures, the Commission has announced that a legislative instrument is forthcoming by the end of 2016. The process thus far, however, has ...


La Preuve Dans Le Droit Ohada Des Entreprises En Difficultés, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe 2016 University of Abomey Calavi, Benin

La Preuve Dans Le Droit Ohada Des Entreprises En Difficultés, Julien Coomlan Hounkpe

Julien Coomlan Hounkpe

Un nouvel Acte uniforme portant procédures collectives d'apurement du passif est entré en vigueur le 24 décembre 2015 dans l’espace OHADA. La liberté de preuve qui a valeur principielle en droit commercial, connait des aménagements dans le nouveau droit des entreprises en difficulté.       


Sovereign Debt: Now What?, Anna Gelpern 2016 Georgetown University Law Center

Sovereign Debt: Now What?, Anna Gelpern

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The sovereign debt restructuring regime looks like it is coming apart. Changing patterns of capital flows, old creditors’ weakening commitment to past practices, and other stakeholders’ inability to take over, or coalesce behind a viable alternative, have challenged the regime from the moment it took shape in the mid-1990s. By 2016, its survival cannot be taken for granted. Crises in Argentina, Greece, and Ukraine since 2010 exposed the regime’s perennial failures and new shortcomings. Until an alternative emerges, there may be messier, more protracted restructurings, more demands on public resources, and more pressure on national courts to intervene in ...


Ten Years After Consumer Bankruptcy Reform In The United States: A Decade Of Diminishing Hope And Fairness, Robert J. Landry III 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Ten Years After Consumer Bankruptcy Reform In The United States: A Decade Of Diminishing Hope And Fairness, Robert J. Landry Iii

Catholic University Law Review

The tenth anniversary of the effective date of Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (Reform Act), the largest reform to the consumer bankruptcy in the United States in a quarter of a century, will be marked in October of 2015. Prior to, and since its passage, scores of scholars have theorized about the impact of the Reform Act. The vast majority of research since its passage shows that the Reform Act has not had a long-term impact on filing rates. With this backdrop, the paper explores how the virtues of fairness for creditors and hope for individuals ...


Las Obligaciones Sujetas A Plazo Frente Al Concurso Preventivo Del Obligado Al Pago (Art. 353 Del Código Civil Y Comercial), Romulo Rojo Vivot 2016 Selected Works

Las Obligaciones Sujetas A Plazo Frente Al Concurso Preventivo Del Obligado Al Pago (Art. 353 Del Código Civil Y Comercial), Romulo Rojo Vivot

Rómulo Rojo Vivot

El concurso preventivo genera diversos efectos en el régimen de las obligaciones. Algunos de ellos son atendidos de manera especial por la ley concursal. Otros, en cambio, son regulados por diversas normas del Código Civil y Comercial.
En esta presentación examinaré algunos de los efectos que produce la sentencia de apertura del concurso preventivo sobre las obligaciones a cargo del concursado cuya exigibilidad quedó diferida en fecha posterior a la presentación concursal.
También analizaré y reflexionaré sobre qué es lo que se pretende alcanzar con los efectos establecidos en virtud del art. 353 del CCyC, y cómo podrían superarse los ...


Bankruptcy On The Side, Kenneth Ayotte, Anthony J. Casey, David A. Skeel Jr. 2016 University of California - Berkeley

Bankruptcy On The Side, Kenneth Ayotte, Anthony J. Casey, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This article provides a framework for analyzing side agreements in corporate bankruptcy, such as intercreditor and “bad boy” agreements. These agreements are controversial because they commonly include a promise by one party to remain silent – to waive some procedural right they would otherwise have under the Bankruptcy Code – at potentially crucial points in the reorganization process.


Using simplified examples, we show that side agreements create benefits in some instances, but parties to a side agreement may have incentive to contract for specific performance or excessive stipulated damages that impose negative externalities on non-parties to the agreement. A promise not to ...


Brief For Amici Curiae Law Professors In Support Of Petitioners, In Re Jevic (Czyzewski V. Jevic Holding Corp.), Melissa B. Jacoby, Jonathan C. Lipson 2016 University of North Carolina School of Law

Brief For Amici Curiae Law Professors In Support Of Petitioners, In Re Jevic (Czyzewski V. Jevic Holding Corp.), Melissa B. Jacoby, Jonathan C. Lipson

Faculty Publications

Question Presented:

Whether a bankruptcy court may approve a contested settlement agreement that distributes assets in violation of the Bankruptcy Code’s statutory priority rules and that departs from long-held absolute priority principles underlying the American bankruptcy system.


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