New Econometric Evidence On Agricultural Total Factor Productivity Determinants: Impact Of Funding Sources, 2016 Iowa State University
New Econometric Evidence On Agricultural Total Factor Productivity Determinants: Impact Of Funding Sources, Wallace Huffman, Robert E. Evenson
This paper examines the impact of public and private agricultural research and extension on agricultural total factor productivity at the state level. We test the hypothesis that the composition of agricultural experiment station funding—share of funding from impact of federal competitive grants and contracts and from federal formula and state government appropriations affects the productivity of public agricultural research using data for the 48 contiguous states over 19701999. Our results show not only that sources of funding matter, but that an increase in federal competitive grant funding at the expense of federal formula funding would lower the productivity of ...
Determinants Of The Demand For State Agricultural Experiment Station Resources: A Demand-System Approach, 2016 Iowa State University
Determinants Of The Demand For State Agricultural Experiment Station Resources: A Demand-System Approach, Wallace Huffman, Robert Evenson
We document the decline in traditional federal government support of the state agricultural experiment station system over the 20 years period starting in 1980 and of state government support over the 1990s. This paper presents a model of state government decisions on agricultural research expenditures. The model permits some benefits to be private in the sense that they are state specific and others to be public and spillover to other states. To capture a key aspect of agricultural research, the model includes voluntary and nonvoluntary contributions to a state government’s expenditures on agricultural research. Moreover, we argue that different ...
Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, 2016 Seattle University School of Law
Realigning The Governmental/Proprietary Distinction In Municipal Law, Hugh D. Spitzer
Seattle University Law Review
Lawyers and judges who deal with municipal law are perpetually puzzled by the distinction between “governmental” and “proprietary” powers of local governments. The distinction is murky, inconsistent between jurisdictions, inconsistent within jurisdictions, and of limited use in predicting how courts will rule. Critics have launched convincing attacks on the division of municipal powers into these two categories. Most articles have focused on problems with the distinction in specific areas of municipal law. In contrast, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of the governmental/proprietary distinction in seven specific doctrinal areas: legislative grants of municipal authority, government contracts, torts, eminent domain ...
The Law Of Society: Governance Through Contract, 2016 Osgoode Hall Law School
The Law Of Society: Governance Through Contract, Peter Zumbansen
This paper focuses on contract law as a central field in contemporary regulatory practice. In recent years, "governance by contract" has emerged as the central concept in the context of privatization, domestic and transnational commercial relations, and law-and-development projects. Meanwhile, as a result of the neo-formalist attack on contract law, "governance of contract" through contract adjudication, consumer protection law, and judicial intervention into private law relations has come under severe pressure. Building on early historical critique of the formalist foundations of an allegedly private law of the market, the paper assesses the current justifications for contractual governance and posits that ...
To Govern Is To Choose: A Critique Of Ontario’S New Plan To Publicly Fund In Vitro Fertilization, 2016 University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Law
To Govern Is To Choose: A Critique Of Ontario’S New Plan To Publicly Fund In Vitro Fertilization, Rozmin Mediratta
Western Journal of Legal Studies
In December 2015, the government of Ontario introduced the Fertility Program, a plan to publicly fund in vitro fertilization (IVF). The Fertility Program seeks to use the advanced reproductive technology to reduce the occurrence of multiple births and to increase access to fertility treatments. This paper does not argue that IVF should not be publicly funded at all, but rather posits that in a time when the government is restricting healthcare spending, scarce resources must be allocated appropriately. The Ontario government has failed to craft a cost-effective funding program to maximize these limited resources by expanding the role of healthcare ...
The Theory Of Municipal Custom And Practice, 2016 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
The Theory Of Municipal Custom And Practice, Karen Blum
Touro Law Review
No abstract provided.
Eleventh Amendment Federalism And State Sovereign Immunity Cases: Direct Effect On Section 1983?, 2016 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Eleventh Amendment Federalism And State Sovereign Immunity Cases: Direct Effect On Section 1983?, Stephen H. Steinglass
Touro Law Review
No abstract provided.
Brief Of Professors Cynthia L. Estlund, Samuel Estreicher, Julius G. Getman, William B. Gould Iv, Michael C. Harper, Stewart J. Schwab And Theodore J. St. Antoine, As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents Friedrichs V. California Teachers Assn., No. 14-915, 2016 NYU School of Law
Brief Of Professors Cynthia L. Estlund, Samuel Estreicher, Julius G. Getman, William B. Gould Iv, Michael C. Harper, Stewart J. Schwab And Theodore J. St. Antoine, As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents Friedrichs V. California Teachers Assn., No. 14-915, Samuel Estreicher
New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers
The public sector employer has an interest in maintaining uniform terms and conditions for similarly-situated employees. There are essentially two approaches open to the employer for setting these terms. One is unilateral management determination, perhaps with the help of a sophisticated human resources office. The second approach is to develop these terms in consultation with the affected employees. The latter is best accomplished when employees feel they can identify their preferences and concerns without fear of retaliation. This collective employee voice function requires independent employee organization.
On the question of funding for such organizations, if management or the state otherwise ...
Close The Waste Loopholes: Reassessing Commercial Item Regulations In Federal Procurements, 2016 College of William & Mary Law School
Close The Waste Loopholes: Reassessing Commercial Item Regulations In Federal Procurements, Jim R. Moye
William & Mary Business Law Review
Classifying an item as commercial reduces the governments ability to ask for information to determine whether prices are fair or reasonable, based on the assumption that these prices would e shaped by market forces. Since changes in procurement laws in the 1990s, contractors seem to want all items, as well as the entities that sell these items, to be listed as commercial. Contractors push for items to be labeled as commercial so they can avoid nearly all oversight and transparency requirements, which often results in the government buying blindly.
Free And Open Source Software In Municipal Procurement:The Challenges And Benefits Of Cooperation, 2016 Fordham Law School
Free And Open Source Software In Municipal Procurement:The Challenges And Benefits Of Cooperation, Justin C. Colannino
Fordham Urban Law Journal
The use of free and open source software by municipal governments is the exception rather than the rule. This is due to a variety of factors, including a failure of many municipal procurement policies to take into account the benefits of free software, free software vendors second-to-market status, and a lack of established free and open source software vendors in niche markets. With feasible policy shifts to improve city operations, including building upon open standards and engaging with free software communities, municipalities may be able to better leverage free and open source software to realize fully the advantages that stem ...
Applying The Ucmj To Contractors In Contingency Operations, 2016 American University Washington College of Law
Applying The Ucmj To Contractors In Contingency Operations, Adam R. Pearlman
American University National Security Law Brief
No abstract provided.
The Real Homeland Security Gaps, 2015 Nova Southeastern University - Shepard Broad Law Center
The Real Homeland Security Gaps, Areto A. Imoukhuede
Areto A Imoukhuede
Os Órgãos De Solução De Controvérsias (Dispute Boards) Na Nova Lei De Licitações Do Estado Peruano, Eric Franco Regjo
The Role Of The State, Multinational Oil Companies, International Law & The International Community: Intersection Of Human Rights & Environmental Degradation Climate Change In The 21st Century Caused By Traditional Extractive Practices, The Amazon Rainforest, Indigenous People And Universal Jurisdiction To Resolve The Accountability Issue, 2015 University of San Francisco
The Role Of The State, Multinational Oil Companies, International Law & The International Community: Intersection Of Human Rights & Environmental Degradation Climate Change In The 21st Century Caused By Traditional Extractive Practices, The Amazon Rainforest, Indigenous People And Universal Jurisdiction To Resolve The Accountability Issue, Marcela Cabrera Luna
Local, national and international conventions that protect indigenous sovereignty and their territories, where many of the resources are extracted from by multinational corporations (MNCs) particularly oil, the number one commodity of the world and cause of climate change, continue to be jeopardized because of the lack of a clear international legal framework that can protect them and potentially hold multinationals accountable for their actions. These practices are causing not only environmental issues to the indigenous and surrounding communities, but climate change is in fact, the real human rights issue of the 21st century and it affects everyone. By using ...
Gandhi’S Prophecy: Corporate Violence And A Mindful Law For Bhopal, 2015 University of Michigan - Dearborn
Gandhi’S Prophecy: Corporate Violence And A Mindful Law For Bhopal, Nehal A. Patel
Nehal A. Patel
Pit River Tribe V. Bureau Of Land Management, 793 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 2015), 2015 University of Montana - Missoula
Pit River Tribe V. Bureau Of Land Management, 793 F.3d 1147 (9th Cir. 2015), Kathryn S. Ore
Public Land and Resources Law Review
In Pit River Tribe v. Bureau of Land Management, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit explained the correct application of the zone of interests test and further solidified the importance of proper NEPA and NHPA analysis in geothermal leasing. The court reaffirmed that the BLM and the Forest Service must conduct additional cultural and environmental analysis when granting lease extensions under the Geothermal Steam Act. Furthermore, it rejected the BLM’s decision to grant forty-year lease continuations to unproven geothermal leases by treating them as a unit rather than individually.
Security And Privacy Implications Of E-Procurement In The Ttip, 2015 Toulouse Business School
Security And Privacy Implications Of E-Procurement In The Ttip, W. Gregory Voss
W. Gregory Voss
This Chapter has been adapted and developed from the author's presentation about security and privacy implications of e-procurement, as it could be handled in the TTIP, at an international seminar held on May 27, 2015 at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) - a think tank ranked number 1 in Spain and number 15 in Western Europe by the 2014 University of Pennsylvania Global Go To Think Tank Index Report (http://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1008&context=think_tanks).
Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, 2015 University of Colorado Law School
Comments On Public Lands: Title Transfer Proposals, Chuck Howe
Challenging Federal Ownership and Management: Public Lands and Public Benefits (October 11-13)
A Discussion Of Contract Types And The Mixed Oxide (Mox) Fuel Fabrication Facility (Mfff) At The Savanah River Site.Docx, Douglas Henderson
DOUGLAS J HENDERSON
Corruption At The Intersection Of Business And Government: The Oecd Convention, Supply-Side Corruption, And Canada’S Anti-Corruption Efforts To Date, 2015 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University
Corruption At The Intersection Of Business And Government: The Oecd Convention, Supply-Side Corruption, And Canada’S Anti-Corruption Efforts To Date, Milos Barutciski, Sabrina Bandali
Osgoode Hall Law Journal
Over the last twenty years, international and regional conventions have been concluded to combat the corruption of public officials. Part I of the paper explains the genesis of international anti-corruption law and its focus on the “supply-side” of bribery transactions, drawing on the negotiating history and the experience of practitioners involved in the development of international anti-corruption law. Parts II and III examine Canada’s implementation of its international obligations and its enforcement record to date. Part IV of the paper concludes with an analysis of the challenges faced by Canadian businesses and the limitations of the focus on supply-side ...