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Massachusetts Has A Problem: The Unconstitutionality Of The Tax Deed, Ralph D. Clifford 2018 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Massachusetts Has A Problem: The Unconstitutionality Of The Tax Deed, Ralph D. Clifford

University of Massachusetts Law Review

The predominant method for collecting delinquent real estate taxes in Massachusetts is the use of the “tax deed” as authorized by Chapter 60, Sections 53-54. Under the authorized procedures, each municipality’s tax collector can execute and record a deed that transfers fee simple title to the real estate to the municipality subject to the taxpayer’s statutorily created redemption right. If the redemption right is or cannot be exercised, all of the taxpayer’s rights in the property, as well as other’s rights created by encumbrances such as mortgages, are terminated by the foreclosure process provided for in ...


Rsp Redux: Is Irc Section 83’S Overreach “In [C]Onnection With The [P]Erformance Of [S]Ervices” The Real “[U]Nwarranted And [U]Nintended” Result?, Charles F. McCormick 2018 University of Missouri School of Law

Rsp Redux: Is Irc Section 83’S Overreach “In [C]Onnection With The [P]Erformance Of [S]Ervices” The Real “[U]Nwarranted And [U]Nintended” Result?, Charles F. Mccormick

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

This article analyzes the effects of IRC § 83 from the perspective of those most often subject to it. While § 83 remains a critical tax consideration for entrepreneurs, this article concludes that § 83 has become, in practice, a solution searching for a problem that in fact causes more problems than it solves. Drafters of § 83 believed they were closing a significant loophole regarding the taxation of executive compensation. Looking at the problem legislators believed they were solving in the context of contemporary executive compensation structures, it is hard to understand what the actual problem was. Section 83(b) was supposed to ...


A Comparison Between The U.S. And Japan Concerning The Tax Treatment Of Prepaid Income, Hiroshi Noguchi 2018 University of Missouri School of Law

A Comparison Between The U.S. And Japan Concerning The Tax Treatment Of Prepaid Income, Hiroshi Noguchi

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

This article examines the crucial distinctions of methodology between the U.S. and the Japanese tax laws with respect to the timing for recognizing income. In addition, it studies the advantages and disadvantages of both tax treatment methods concerning prepaid income. As a result, it concludes that the advantages of Japanese tax law concerning prepaid income outweigh those of the American tax law. This article also suggests that U.S. tax law could borrow the Japanese mentality regarding the tax treatment of prepaid income.


"Our Taxes Are Too Damn High": Institutional Racism, Property Tax Assessment, And The Fair Housing Act, Bernadette Atuahene 2018 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

"Our Taxes Are Too Damn High": Institutional Racism, Property Tax Assessment, And The Fair Housing Act, Bernadette Atuahene

Northwestern University Law Review

To prevent inflated property tax bills, the Michigan Constitution prohibits property tax assessments from exceeding 50% of a property’s market value. Between 2009 and 2015, the City of Detroit assessed 55%–85% of its residential properties in violation of the Michigan Constitution, and these unconstitutional assessments have had dire consequences. Between 2011 and 2015, one in four Detroit properties have been foreclosed upon for nonpayment of illegally inflated property taxes. In addition to Detroit, the other two cities in Michigan’s Wayne County where African-Americans comprise 70% or more of the population—Highland Park and Inkster—have similarly experienced ...


Relinquishment Of Prior Residence For State Income Tax Purposes: Wishing To Change Residence Does Not Make It So, Jani E. Maurer 2018 Nova Southeastern University

Relinquishment Of Prior Residence For State Income Tax Purposes: Wishing To Change Residence Does Not Make It So, Jani E. Maurer

University of Miami Business Law Review

We live in an increasingly mobile and global society. Individuals move from one state to another for a variety of reasons. When the move is from a state which imposes income tax, particularly to a jurisdiction which does not, questions may arise about whether the individual remains a resident of the state from which he departed for income tax purposes. In the quest for revenue, certain states are aggressive in pursuing efforts to collect income tax from persons who claim to have changed their permanent residence.These states may assert that for income tax purposes the individual remains a resident ...


California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem 2018 San Jose State University

California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem

Master's Projects

This research aims at revealing the challenges and opportunities in implementing Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities (CRIAs) in California.

This study will focus on the implementation of CRIAs, but it is worth examining alternative economic development tools to draw comprehensive comparisons and understand their advantages and disadvantages.

Understanding economic development tools may be valuable for the commercial and industrial growth and prosperity of cities and local governments. It may also be important to increase the number of affordable housing units in an area. Businesses and low-income families alike share the benefits of successful redevelopment. It may be possible to reveal ...


Assessment Limits And Timing Of Real Estate Transactions, Sebastien J. Bradley 2018 Drexel University

Assessment Limits And Timing Of Real Estate Transactions, Sebastien J. Bradley

Sebastien J Bradley

Michigan homebuyers face large potential discontinuities in property tax obligations for purchases made around January 1 and May 1 under the state's application of acquisition-value based assessment limits and principal residence (homestead) exemptions, respectively.  Consistent with incentives, roughly 3.7 percent of sales concluded in the first 10 business days of January are thus attributable to timing responses among the subset of properties listed by the largest 25 percent of firms by sales volume.  Underlying this effect is a willingness to stretch the number of days between contract and closing dates by an average of 2 to 4 business ...


Full Faith And Credit, Choice Of Laws, And Extraterritorial Regulation Of Corporate Transactions, Gregory S. Sergienko 2018 Concordia University School of Law

Full Faith And Credit, Choice Of Laws, And Extraterritorial Regulation Of Corporate Transactions, Gregory S. Sergienko

Greg Sergienko

In a federal system in which each state may enact laws providing for the chartering and governance of corporations and in which corporations can and do conduct business in more than one state, several states may claim an interest in regulating the conduct of a given corporation. The enactment of state laws that are intended to restrict hostile corporate takeovers and that purport to extend to foreign corporations is one example of this phenomenon. "Typically, any of a number of jurisdictional links might trigger the application of such an anti-takeover statute: the target's being incorporated in the state, its ...


Sin Taxes: Have Governments Gone Too Far In Their Efforts To Monetize Morality?, Franklin Liu 2018 Boston College Law School

Sin Taxes: Have Governments Gone Too Far In Their Efforts To Monetize Morality?, Franklin Liu

Boston College Law Review

In June 2016, Philadelphia became the largest city in the United States to pass a soda tax, which went into effect on January 1, 2017. Soda taxes, an umbrella term for taxes that are assessed on sugar-sweetened beverages, represent the latest incarnation in a recent wave of non-traditional “sin taxes.” Sin taxes target behaviors that the government considers to be socially undesirable, and traditionally have been levied to curb consumption of alcohol and tobacco products. As state and local governments continue to face burgeoning budget deficits, legislators have increased the amount of existing sin taxes and expanded the sin tax ...


Analysis Of S.1352 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) Apprenticeship And Jobs Training Act Of 2017, Veena Hemachandran, Katrina Jodrey, George (Peixuan) Liu, Leigh Ann Moore 2018 San Jose State University

Analysis Of S.1352 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) Apprenticeship And Jobs Training Act Of 2017, Veena Hemachandran, Katrina Jodrey, George (Peixuan) Liu, Leigh Ann Moore

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of H.R.2802 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) First-Time Homebuyer Savings Account Act Of 2017, Shimiao Gong, Xiaotong Stella Li, Ling Wei, Pingrong Xue 2018 San Jose State University

Analysis Of H.R.2802 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) First-Time Homebuyer Savings Account Act Of 2017, Shimiao Gong, Xiaotong Stella Li, Ling Wei, Pingrong Xue

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li 2018 San Jose State University

Analysis Of H.R.2551 - 115th Congress (2017-2018) - Student Loan Debt Relief Act, Soon-Young Apple, Debanjana Banerjee, Nilesh Lad, Anna Li

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018, 2018 San Jose State University

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 7, No. 1 - Winter 2018

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Tax Law Professors As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioner In Loudoun County, Virginia V. Dulles Duty Free, Llc, Richard Pomp, Daniel Jacob Hemel, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Lily L. Batchelder, Samuel D. Brunson, J. Clifton Fleming Jr, David Gamage, Ari Glogower, Jacob Goldin, Hayes R. Holderness, Michael S. Knoll, Zachary Liscow, Ruth Mason, Goldburn Maynard, James R. Repetti, Julie A. Roin, Erin Adele Scharff, Jay A. Soled, Edward A. Zelinsky 2018 University of Connecticut School of Law

Brief Of Tax Law Professors As Amici Curiae In Support Of Petitioner In Loudoun County, Virginia V. Dulles Duty Free, Llc, Richard Pomp, Daniel Jacob Hemel, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah, Lily L. Batchelder, Samuel D. Brunson, J. Clifton Fleming Jr, David Gamage, Ari Glogower, Jacob Goldin, Hayes R. Holderness, Michael S. Knoll, Zachary Liscow, Ruth Mason, Goldburn Maynard, James R. Repetti, Julie A. Roin, Erin Adele Scharff, Jay A. Soled, Edward A. Zelinsky

J. Clifton Fleming, Jr.

For more than seven decades, state and local governments as well as market actors have labored under an export tax regime that is inconsistent, inefficient, and inequitable. The petition for a writ of certiorari in Loudoun County, Virginia, v. Dulles Duty Free, LLC, presents the Supreme Court with a chance to restore rationality to the tax treatment of the export sector. The economic implications are vast: annual exports of goods from the United States exceed $1.4 trillion. The Court’s resolution of this case will determine whether state and local governments can apply their sales and personal property taxes ...


Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply To Zelinsky, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

In this article, we respond to Professor Zelinsky’s criticism of our arguments regarding the constitutionality of New York’s tax residence rule. We argue that the Supreme Court’s decision in Wynne requires reconsideration of the New York Court of Appeal’s decision in Tamagni.


Questioning Quill, Hayes R. Holderness 2018 University of Richmond

Questioning Quill, Hayes R. Holderness

Law Faculty Publications

The physical presence rule of Quill Corp. v. North Dakota is under increasing attack from the “Kill Quill” movement — a consortium of state tax administrators, industry leaders, and academics opposed to the decision. The physical presence rule prohibits states from requiring many out-of-state vendors to collect taxes on goods sold into the states. Kill Quill states have grown increasingly aggressive, and litigation is well underway in South Dakota and Alabama over those states’ direct disregard for the rule. As a petition to the Supreme Court for certiorari grows closer, the case for overturning the physical presence rule remains cloudy.

Technology ...


Two New York Tax Cases, Joel S. Newman 2018 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center

Two New York Tax Cases, Joel S. Newman

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage 2018 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Charitable Contributions In Lieu Of Salt Deductions, David Gamage

Articles by Maurer Faculty

State governments are considering new charitable tax credits designed to circumvent the 2017 federal tax overhaul’s cap on state and local tax deductions. Will these plans work? This essay argues that the answer is: yes, but with some qualifications.


On The Disparate Treatment Of Business And Personal Salt Payments, Michael S. Knoll 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

On The Disparate Treatment Of Business And Personal Salt Payments, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, H.R. 1, would eliminate the federal income tax deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes while maintaining the deduction for business state and local taxes. That disparate treatment has generated a storm of negative commentary. In this short essay, I consider whether the federal tax law should allow a deduction for business state and local taxes assuming that there is no deduction for nonbusiness state and local taxes. I argue that investors and businesses, including pass-through businesses, should be allowed to deduct state and local property and sales taxes, but not general income ...


Getting Local Governments Where They Need To Go Without Taking Taxpayers For A Ride: "Cabs," Why They Are Used, And What Can Be Done To Prevent Their Misuse, Heather G. White 2018 Nixon Peabody LLP

Getting Local Governments Where They Need To Go Without Taking Taxpayers For A Ride: "Cabs," Why They Are Used, And What Can Be Done To Prevent Their Misuse, Heather G. White

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


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