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Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, Mark Strasser 2015 Capital University Law School

Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, Mark Strasser

Mark Strasser

The First Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the free exercise of religion. Non-religious practices do not receive those same protections, which makes the ability to distinguish between religious and non-religious practices important. Regrettably, members of the Court have been unable to agree about how to distinguish the religious from the non-religious—sometimes, the implicit criteria focus on the sincerity of the beliefs, sometimes the strength of the beliefs or the role that they play in an individual’s life, and sometimes the kind of beliefs. In short, the Court has virtually guaranteed an incoherent jurisprudence by sending contradictory ...


A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino 2015 Florida State University College of Law

A Taxing Endeavor: Local Government Protection Of Our Nation's Coasts In The "Wake" Of Climate Change, Simone Savino

Simone Savino

A storm is brewing, and not just in our nation’s coastal waters. The effects of climate change are becoming alarmingly apparent: sea levels are rising, storm surges are intensifying and ocean temperatures are warming at increasing speeds. Higher storm surges have led to increased flooding in coastal zones and nearby low-lying regions. The need for greater disaster preparedness in areas vulnerable to storm surges is evident, not just in the United States, but worldwide. As a direct result, coastal towns and cities have been left with the daunting task, and cost, of implementing littoral adaptation measures such as beach ...


Shut Up: Pay More: This What You Voted For. Why You Don't See Me At San Francisco's Hall Of Justice, David D. Butler 2015 David D.Butler, PLC, Lawyer

Shut Up: Pay More: This What You Voted For. Why You Don't See Me At San Francisco's Hall Of Justice, David D. Butler

David D. Butler

Urban violence, much of it politically motivated, has driven the taxpaying Middle Class into the suburbs. This has left only the tax eating poor and the tax avoiding rich in the big cities. This has resulted in urban bankruptcy in Detroit and even in California with its gifts of the technological Gold Rush, the Pacific Ocean, and the Sierra Nevada and Santa Lucia Mountains. The poor are more issolated than ever confined to the functional equivalent of no go zones. They speak a differenct language, dress differently, and sell drugs until they are caught and caged, providing good pay and ...


Wynne V. Comptroller: Striking A Balance Between State Sovereignty And Interstate Commerce, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Wynne V. Comptroller: Striking A Balance Between State Sovereignty And Interstate Commerce, Michael S. Knoll, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Irs Tax Relief - Tips For Taxpayers - Tax Relief Programmes, Lissa Coffey NYU School of Law 2014 University of South Florida

Irs Tax Relief - Tips For Taxpayers - Tax Relief Programmes, Lissa Coffey Nyu School Of Law

LissaCoffey

IRS TAX RELIEF - TIPS FOR TAXPAYERS - TAX RELIEF PROGRAMMES ... it seems many of us look for ways to get more income back from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ... IRS Tax Relief Help ... will spot preventing the lies and tricks that agents sometimes use to try and cheat taxpayers who need vital reduced back taxes. Back Taxes : Settle Tax Debt and IRS Problems. Expiration of Back Taxes; IRS Help; IRS Tax Relief FAQs; Back Taxes: Settle Tax Debt and IRS Problems Owe IRS Back Taxes? ... Once an IRS Payment Plan (also known as an Installment Agreement) is established, ...★★★★★ Get Tax Help ...


Tax Debt Help – Settlement & Negotiation, Lissa Coffey 2014 University of South Florida

Tax Debt Help – Settlement & Negotiation, Lissa Coffey

LissaCoffey

Get helpful tips, advice and help with debt or any kind of irs help on setting up payment plans, requesting affordable installment agreements, reducing your tax debts through an Offer in Compromise, or discharging your tax debts through bankruptcy. Tags: GET-OUT-OF-IRS-TAX-DEBT, irs tax help, tax relief help, IRS-PAYMENT-PLAN, irs debt, irs help, help with debt, help with tax debt


Reconsidering Corporate Tax Privacy, Joshua D. Blank 2014 NYU School of Law

Reconsidering Corporate Tax Privacy, Joshua D. Blank

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

For over a century, politicians, government officials and scholars in the United States have debated whether corporate tax returns, which are currently subject to broad tax privacy protections, should be publicly accessible. The ongoing global discussion of base erosion and profit shifting by multinational corporations has generated calls for greater tax transparency. Throughout this debate, participants have focused exclusively on the potential reactions of a corporation’s managers, shareholders and consumers to a corporation’s disclosure of its own tax return information. There is, however, another perspective: how would the ability of a corporation’s stakeholders and agents to observe ...


State Taxation - Unitary Business/Formula Apportionment Tax Accounting Method - Application Of A Three Factor Formula To Apportion Income Of Foreign-Parent Corporations For State Tax Reporting Purposes Does Not Violate The Commerce Clausse Or The Due Process Clause Of The U.S. Constitution - Barclay's Bank Int'l, Ltd. V. Franchise Tax Bd., 10 Cal. App. 4th 1742, 14 Cal. Rptr. 2d 537 (Cal. Ct. App. 1992), Modified Reh'g Denied, 11 Cal. App. 4th 1678a (Cal. Ct. App. 1992)., Sarah B. Pierce 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

State Taxation - Unitary Business/Formula Apportionment Tax Accounting Method - Application Of A Three Factor Formula To Apportion Income Of Foreign-Parent Corporations For State Tax Reporting Purposes Does Not Violate The Commerce Clausse Or The Due Process Clause Of The U.S. Constitution - Barclay's Bank Int'l, Ltd. V. Franchise Tax Bd., 10 Cal. App. 4th 1742, 14 Cal. Rptr. 2d 537 (Cal. Ct. App. 1992), Modified Reh'g Denied, 11 Cal. App. 4th 1678a (Cal. Ct. App. 1992)., Sarah B. Pierce

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson 2014 Five Stone Tax Advisers LLC

The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson

John Ferguson

No abstract provided.


"Show Me The Money!"-Analyzing The Potential State Tax Implications Of Paying Student-Athletes, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein 2014 North Carolina A & T State University

"Show Me The Money!"-Analyzing The Potential State Tax Implications Of Paying Student-Athletes, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

On March 26, 2014, the Chicago district (Region 13) of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) ruled that Northwestern University football players qualify as employees and can unionize and bargain collectively, a decision which contravenes the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s (NCAA) core principle of amateurism. Shortly after, Northwestern University filed an appeal with the NLRB in Washington, D.C. to quash the prior Region 13 decision. This case has added fuel to the longstanding debate over whether student-athletes should be paid. Amidst arguments both for and against supporting the pay-for-play model from a purely compensatory stance, there has been ...


Amicus Brief In Maryland Comptroller V. Wynne, Michael S. Knoll, H. David Rosenbloom, Ruth Mason 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Amicus Brief In Maryland Comptroller V. Wynne, Michael S. Knoll, H. David Rosenbloom, Ruth Mason

Faculty Scholarship

The internal consistency test reveals that Maryland applies systematically higher “county” taxes to interstate commerce than to in-state commerce.

Economic analysis of Maryland’s tax regime — including its taxes on inbound, outbound, and domestic activities — confirms what the internal consistency test suggests, namely, that the Maryland “county” tax discourages interstate commerce. Specifically, the Maryland tax regime discourages Maryland residents from earning income outside of Maryland, and it simultaneously discourages nonresidents from earning income in Maryland. Maryland alone causes this distortion; the distortion does not depend on the taxes imposed by any other state.

Petitioner’s argument that Maryland’s outbound ...


Summary Of Déjà Vu Showgirls V. Nev. Dept. Of Taxation, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 73, Joseph Meissner 2014 Nevada Law Journal

Summary Of Déjà Vu Showgirls V. Nev. Dept. Of Taxation, 130 Nev. Adv. Op. 73, Joseph Meissner

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Exotic dancing establishments sought a declaration that Nevada’s Live Entertainment Tax (NLET) violates the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution because it singles out small groups based on the content of their speech and taxes them in an effort to suppress their ideas. The Supreme Court of Nevada found that NLET does not discriminate on the basis of speech, target a small group of speakers, or threaten to suppress viewpoints or ideas in violation of the First Amendment because appellants failed to show that NLET is not rationally related to a legitimate government purpose.


The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson 2014 Five Stone Tax Advisers LLC

The Intersection Of Tax And Bankruptcy: The Mccoy Rule, John Ferguson

John Ferguson

No abstract provided.


Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?, Lawrence W. Waggoner 2014 University of Michigan

Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?, Lawrence W. Waggoner

Law & Economics Working Papers

This posting updates the article titled Congress Promotes Perpetual Trusts: Why?. The article was originally posted on SSRN in September 2013. The updated version incorporates a discussion of two new developments—the unveiling of the long-awaited House Ways and Means Committee’s proposal for comprehensive tax reform and the issuance of the president’s proposed budget for 2015. Both of these new developments are disappointing because neither proposes curtailing or effectively curtailing perpetual trusts. By unwittingly granting a tax exemption for perpetual trusts, Congress undermined state perpetuity law and promoted private trusts that can last and remain tax exempt for ...


Redevelopment In California: The Demise Of Tif-Funded Redevelopment In California And Its Aftermath, George Lefcoe, Charles W. Swenson 2014 University of Southern California

Redevelopment In California: The Demise Of Tif-Funded Redevelopment In California And Its Aftermath, George Lefcoe, Charles W. Swenson

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

California was the first state to embrace the use of tax increment financing (TIF) for redevelopment, and the first state to abandon it. Both the rise and fall of redevelopment are attributable to the fact that cities and counties sponsoring redevelopment could pledge not just their own share of the property tax increments from redevelopment project areas but also those of the other taxing entities including schools and special districts.

By voter initiative in 1978, California enacted significant limitations on the property tax, cutting property tax revenues by half. The property tax had been the most important revenue source for ...


United States National Report On Exchange Of Information, Joshua D. Blank, Ruth Mason 2014 NYU School of Law

United States National Report On Exchange Of Information, Joshua D. Blank, Ruth Mason

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

This National Report was prepared for the 2014 Annual Congress of the European Association of Tax Law Professors, which took place in May 2014 at Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey. This National Report discusses administrative and legal mechanisms, especially the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), that the United States has deployed to obtain offshore tax information. Portions of this National Report were originally published in Joshua D. Blank and Ruth Mason, “Exporting FATCA,” 142 Tax Notes 1245 (2014).


List Of The Most Popular Irs Tax Forms & Pubs, Lissa Coffey 2014 University of South Florida

List Of The Most Popular Irs Tax Forms & Pubs, Lissa Coffey

LissaCoffey

Here are links to the most common tax forms needed to prepare your income tax returns. All tax forms are in the portable document format (PDF) and require Adobe Acrobat Reader. You can use Acrobat Reader to view the documents and print documents. Most of the IRS forms also allow you to type in your information and save a copy with your data to your computer


When Everything Matters, Nothing Matters: Minnesota's Unprincipled Approach For Determining Domicile In Tax Disputes, And A Path Forward, Joseph E. Cooch 2014 Hamline University

When Everything Matters, Nothing Matters: Minnesota's Unprincipled Approach For Determining Domicile In Tax Disputes, And A Path Forward, Joseph E. Cooch

Hamline Law Review

abstract


Winning The Crowd: Harnessing Taxpayer Choices To Improve Educational Quality, W. Edward Afield 2014 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Winning The Crowd: Harnessing Taxpayer Choices To Improve Educational Quality, W. Edward Afield

Catholic University Law Review

No abstract provided.


First Amendment Decisions From The October 2006 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky, Marci A. Hamilton 2014 Duke University Law School

First Amendment Decisions From The October 2006 Term, Erwin Chemerinsky, Marci A. Hamilton

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


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