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Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson II 2015 SelectedWorks

Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii

William Alan Nelson II

The pervasive use of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements in the securities industry is a relatively new phenomenon. However, research reflects that an overwhelming majority of retail brokerage and investment advisory agreements include language requiring that all disputes between the customer and the broker-dealer / investment adviser be resolved through arbitration – most often with Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Dispute Resolution. Thus, only in rare instances can an investor open either a brokerage or investment advisory account without agreeing to submit to mandatory pre-dispute arbitration.

The enclosed article is the first to focus on the fairness of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements through ...


Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz 2015 Duke Law

Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter provides a basic overview of banking and financial regulation for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics (Francesco Paris, ed.). Among other things, the chapter compares traditional and shadow banking and their regulation, differentiating “micro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting individual components of the financial system, such as banks) and “macro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting against systemic risk). The chapter also examines how regulation can help to correct market failures that undermine financial efficiency. In that context, it discusses, among other things, capital requirements, ring-fencing, and stress testing. Finally, the chapter examines how regulation ...


A Comparative Study Of Monitoring Of Management In German And U.S. Corporations After Sarbanes-Oxley: Where Are The German Enrons, Worldcoms, And Tycos?, Florian Stamm 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Comparative Study Of Monitoring Of Management In German And U.S. Corporations After Sarbanes-Oxley: Where Are The German Enrons, Worldcoms, And Tycos?, Florian Stamm

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Halliburton, Basic And Fraud On The Market: The Need For A New Paradigm, Charles W. Murdock 2014 Loyola University Chicago

Halliburton, Basic And Fraud On The Market: The Need For A New Paradigm, Charles W. Murdock

Charles W. Murdock

Summary: Halliburton, Basic and Fraud on the Market: The Need for a New Paradigm

If defrauded securities plaintiffs cannot bring a class-action lawsuit, there often will be no effective remedy since the amount at stake for individual plaintiffs is not sufficient to warrant the substantial costs of litigation. To surmount the problem of individualized reliance and establish commonality, federal courts for twenty-five years have been employing the Basic fraud-on-the-market theory which posits that, in an efficient market, investors rely on the integrity of the market price.

While class certification at one time was a matter of course, today it is ...


Inevitable Imbalance: Why Ftc V. Actavis Was Inadequate To Solve The Reverse Payment Settlement Problem And Proposing A New Amendment To The Hatch-Waxman Act, Rachel A. Lewis 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Inevitable Imbalance: Why Ftc V. Actavis Was Inadequate To Solve The Reverse Payment Settlement Problem And Proposing A New Amendment To The Hatch-Waxman Act, Rachel A. Lewis

Seattle University Law Review

The law regarding reverse payment settlements is anything but settled. Reverse payment settlements are settlements that occur during a patent infringement litigation in which a pharmaceutical patent holder pays a generic drug producer to not infringe on the pharmaceutical patent. Despite the recent decision by the United States Supreme Court in FTC v. Actavis, Inc., there are still unanswered questions about how the “full rule of reason” analysis will be applied to reverse payment. This Comment argues that despite the outcome in Actavis, the complex regulatory framework of the Hatch–Waxman Act will create repeated conflicts between antitrust law and ...


The Key Elements For Developing A Securities Market To Drive Economic Growth: A Roadmap For Emerging Markets, Ziven Scott Birdwell 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Key Elements For Developing A Securities Market To Drive Economic Growth: A Roadmap For Emerging Markets, Ziven Scott Birdwell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Professors At Law And Business Schools As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents: Omnicare, Inc., Et Al. V. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, Et Al., Celia Taylor, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, J. Robert Brown, Joan MacLeod Heminway 2014 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Brief Of Professors At Law And Business Schools As Amici Curiae In Support Of Respondents: Omnicare, Inc., Et Al. V. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, Et Al., Celia Taylor, Lyman P. Q. Johnson, J. Robert Brown, Joan Macleod Heminway

Faculty Scholarship

None available.


Lig Se Assemelha Em Parte Aos Covered Bonds Que Contribuíram Para A Crise Do Subprime, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf 2014 SelectedWorks

Lig Se Assemelha Em Parte Aos Covered Bonds Que Contribuíram Para A Crise Do Subprime, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung 2014 SelectedWorks

U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung

Chien-Chung Lin

This article discusses the SEC’s insider trading enforcement actions from 2009 to 2013. With an introduction of the current procedures and regulatory tools available, this article provides a thorough survey on the insider trading cases found from SEC’s official website, related databases and litigation releases in the corresponding period and compiles the results in appendices. In doing so, we present a first-hand, detailed picture of insider trading law in the United States and its enforcement. The data also relates to several much debated theoretical issues in this area, including the merit of punishing insider trading activities, the efficacy ...


The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu

Shi-Ling Hsu

Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-first Century, which is surely one of the very few economics treatises ever to be a best-seller, has parachuted into an intensely emotional and deeply divisive American debate: the problem of inequality in the United States. Piketty's core argument is that throughout history, the rate of return on private capital has usually exceeded the rate of economic growth, expressed by Piketty as the relation r > g. If true, this relation means that the wealthy class – who are the predominant owners of capital – will grow their wealth faster than economies grow, which means that ...


Debêntures: Iniciativas Para Aumento De Liquidez E Fomento Ao Mercado Secundário, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf 2014 SelectedWorks

Debêntures: Iniciativas Para Aumento De Liquidez E Fomento Ao Mercado Secundário, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


Insider Trading And Evolutionary Psychology: Strong Reciprocity, Cheater Detection, And The Expanding Boundaries Of The Law, Steven R. McNamara 2014 SelectedWorks

Insider Trading And Evolutionary Psychology: Strong Reciprocity, Cheater Detection, And The Expanding Boundaries Of The Law, Steven R. Mcnamara

Steven R. McNamara

Insider trading law has expanded in recent years to cover instances of trading on non-public information that fall outside of the fiduciary duty framework set forth in the landmark cases of Chiarella and Dirks. The trend towards a broader insider trading law moves the law closer towards what evolutionary psychology tells us humans desire when engaging in collective action: that individuals benefit in proportion to the effort or investment they make in a common enterprise. Insider trading law can therefore be understood as a societal response to cheating in group activities, and the recent expansion of the law as reflecting ...


Judgment Day For Fraud-On-The-Market: Reflections On Amgen And The Second Coming Of Halliburton, Donald C. Langevoort 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Judgment Day For Fraud-On-The-Market: Reflections On Amgen And The Second Coming Of Halliburton, Donald C. Langevoort

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The Supreme Court has reaffirmed the "fraud on the market" presumption of reliance, facilitating large scale class actions for this kind of securities fraud. This essay traces the road from its decision last year in Amgen to this year's reaffirmation in Halliburton II, and considers some of the issues that will emerge as lower courts struggle with Halliburton II's secondary holding--that the issue of "price impact" is crucial to class certification, even if the burden of proof is on the defendants.


New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of the origins and early development of the New York Stock Exchange.


Corporate Boardroom Diversity: Why Are We Still Talking About This?, Lawrence J. Trautman 2014 SelectedWorks

Corporate Boardroom Diversity: Why Are We Still Talking About This?, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

What exactly is board diversity and why does it matter? How does diversity fit in an attempt to build the best board for any organization? What attributes and skills are required by law and what mix of experiences and talents provide the best corporate governance? Even though most companies say they are looking for diversity, why has there been such little progress? Are required director attributes, which are a must for all boards, consistent with future diversity gains and aligned with achieving high performance and optimal board composition?

My goal is to provide answers to these questions, and to discuss ...


The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, Jill E. Fisch 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship

Since the 2008 financial crisis, in which the Reserve Primary Fund “broke the buck,” money market funds (MMFs) have been the subject of ongoing policy debate. Many commentators view MMFs as a key contributor to the crisis, in part because widespread redemption demands during the days following the Lehman bankruptcy led to a freeze in the credit markets. The response has been to deem MMFs a component of the nefarious shadow banking industry and to target them for regulatory reform.


Determining the appropriate approach to MMF reform has proven difficult. Banks regulators prefer a requirement that MMFs trade at a ...


E-Commerce And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman 2014 SelectedWorks

E-Commerce And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in e-commerce and electronic payment systems? What development risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise?

This article utilizes the relevant annual report disclosures from eBay (parent of PayPal), along with other eBay and PayPal documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from eBay’s regulatory filings. My additions include weaving these materials into a logical presentation and providing supplemental sources for those who desire a deeper look (usually ...


Carrot Or Stick? The Shift From Voluntary To Mandatory Disclosure Of Risk Factors, Karen K. Nelson, Adam C. Pritchard 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Carrot Or Stick? The Shift From Voluntary To Mandatory Disclosure Of Risk Factors, Karen K. Nelson, Adam C. Pritchard

Law & Economics Working Papers

This study investigates risk factor disclosures under the voluntary, incentive-based disclosure regime provided by the safe harbor provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act and the SEC’s subsequent disclosure mandate. Firms subject to greater litigation risk disclose more risk factors, update the language more from year-to-year, and use more readable language than firms with lower litigation risk. These differences in the quality of disclosure are pronounced in the voluntary disclosure regime, but converge following the SEC mandate. Consistent with these findings, the risk factor disclosures of high litigation risk firms are significantly more informative about systematic and idiosyncratic ...


Shari’Ah-Based Sukuk Have So Far Failed To Bond With Korea's Capital Markets, But Not Due To Lack Of Interest: An Examination Of The Korean Government's Unsuccessful Attempts To Introduce Sukuk-Friendly Legislation, Mee-Hyon Lee 2014 SelectedWorks

Shari’Ah-Based Sukuk Have So Far Failed To Bond With Korea's Capital Markets, But Not Due To Lack Of Interest: An Examination Of The Korean Government's Unsuccessful Attempts To Introduce Sukuk-Friendly Legislation, Mee-Hyon Lee

Mee-Hyon Lee

Shari’ah-based Sukuk have so far failed to bond with Korea’s capital markets, but not due to lack of interest: An examination of the Korean government’s unsuccessful attempts to introduce Sukuk-friendly legislation.

Mee- Hyon Lee

While Korean companies for a long time have been keenly interested in attaining fuller and more direct participation in the Islamic financial markets to take advantage of the huge growth potential there and to keep in step with significant global trends, progress toward that goal remains elusive because the relatively unconventional characteristics of Sukuk (the Shari’ah-compliant alternative to standard debt ...


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