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Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


Pawns For A Higher Greed: The Banking And Financial Services Industry’S Capture Of Federal Homeownership Policy And The Impact On Citizen Homeowners, Tracie R. Porter 2014 Hamline University

Pawns For A Higher Greed: The Banking And Financial Services Industry’S Capture Of Federal Homeownership Policy And The Impact On Citizen Homeowners, Tracie R. Porter

Hamline Law Review

abstract


Canceling The Order: How High Frequency Traders Are Disrupting The Derivatives Market, And What The Regulators Can Do To Stop Them, Andrew C. Burr 2014 SelectedWorks

Canceling The Order: How High Frequency Traders Are Disrupting The Derivatives Market, And What The Regulators Can Do To Stop Them, Andrew C. Burr

Andrew C Burr

High Frequency Trading (“HFT”) is now a part of the modern financial lexicon, and inspires feelings of awe, fear, and ignorance. While millions of investors around the world are still trying to grapple with what exactly HFT is and does, the U.S. regulators who are tasked with investigating and charging manipulators are finding themselves in a quandary of how to prosecute the offenders. Further, while the media has focused its attention on the U.S. Securites Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) new policies on the subject, few have noticed the progress made by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission ...


Cvm Set To Reduce Costs And Bureaucracy For Equity Offerings, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf, Nair Veras Saldanha Janson 2014 SelectedWorks

Cvm Set To Reduce Costs And Bureaucracy For Equity Offerings, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf, Nair Veras Saldanha Janson

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


The Two Faces Of Janus: The Jurisprudential Past And New Beginning Of Rule 10b-5, John Patrick Clayton 2014 University of Michigan Law School

The Two Faces Of Janus: The Jurisprudential Past And New Beginning Of Rule 10b-5, John Patrick Clayton

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act and its implementing Rule 10b-5 are the primary antifraud provisions for both private and public enforcement of the federal securities laws. Neither the statute nor the rule expressly provides for a private right of action, but federal courts have long recognized such an implied right, and the Securities and Exchange Commission has supported the implied private right of action as a “necessary supplement” to its own efforts. However, after a decade of applying an expansive interpretation to Section 10(b), in the early 1970s the U.S. Supreme Court began to narrowly ...


The Efficiency Criterion For Securities Regulation: Investor Welfare Or Cost-Benefit Analysis?, Yoon-Ho Alex Lee 2014 BLR

The Efficiency Criterion For Securities Regulation: Investor Welfare Or Cost-Benefit Analysis?, Yoon-Ho Alex Lee

University of Southern California Law and Economics Working Paper Series

Recent regulatory debates have centered on whether independent agencies should be subjected to a more rigorous cost-benefit analysis requirement than their current requirements. For example, the Financial Regulatory Responsibility Act of 2011 sought to prevent financial regulators from proposing rules unless the agency engages in a quantitative and qualitative assessment of all relevant costs and benefits. In addition, the Independent Agency Regulatory Analysis Act of 2012 sought to require independent agencies to comply with requirements applicable to executive agencies, which would include the requirement to conduct cost-benefit analysis that conforms to the Office of Management and Budget’s Circular A-4 ...


Evaluating The Performance And Accountability Of Regulators, Colin Scott 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Evaluating The Performance And Accountability Of Regulators, Colin Scott

Seattle University Law Review

The global financial crisis came in the wake of significant reforms to the structures, processes, powers, and rules of the regulatory regimes for financial markets in many of the countries adversely affected by the crash. The global financial crisis came in the wake of significant reforms to the structures, processes, powers, and rules of the regulatory regimes for financial markets in many of the countries adversely affected by the crash. In this Article, I follow the logic of an argument that regulation necessarily has political dimensions, even where it may appear technical. I am asking questions about how we might ...


Culture Wars: Rate Manipulation, Institutional Corruption, And The Lost Normative Foundations Of Market Conduct Regulation, Justin O'Brien 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Culture Wars: Rate Manipulation, Institutional Corruption, And The Lost Normative Foundations Of Market Conduct Regulation, Justin O'Brien

Seattle University Law Review

The global investigations into the manipulation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor) have raised significant questions about how conflicts of interest are managed for regulated entities contributing to benchmarks. An alternative framework, which brings the management of the rate process under direct regulatory supervision, is under consideration, coordinated by the International Organization of Securities Commissions taskforce. The articulation of global principles builds on a review commissioned by the British government that suggests rates calculated by submission can be reformed. This paper argues that this approach is predestined to fail, precisely because it ignores the lessons of history. In revisiting ...


The Timing And Source Of Regulation, Frank Partnoy 2014 Seattle University School of Law

The Timing And Source Of Regulation, Frank Partnoy

Seattle University Law Review

The distinction between specific concrete rules and general abstract principles has engaged legal theorists for decades. This rules–principles distinction has also become increasingly important in corporate and securities law, as well as financial market regulation. This Article adds two important variables to the rules–principles debate: timing and source. Although these two variables are relevant to legal theory generally, the specific goal here is not to address and engage the rules versus principles literature directly. Rather, the goal here is to ask whether the debate about financial market regulation might benefit from a more transparent analysis of temporal and ...


The New Policing Of Business Crime, Rachel E. Barkow 2014 Seattle University School of Law

The New Policing Of Business Crime, Rachel E. Barkow

Seattle University Law Review

The central goal of this Article is to describe the burgeoning turn to new policing techniques in the business crime context and to offer some initial thoughts on the promises and limits of the approach. Part II begins by explaining the traditional or “old policing” of business crime. After implementing an initial strategy that focused on pursuing individuals, the government turned its attention to the organizations where those individuals operated. It increased the sanctions for violators and sought to target companies in an effort to prompt them to adopt internal compliance pro-grams. The focus on company compliance programs was designed ...


Deferred Prosecutions In The Corporate Sector: Lessons From Libor, Justin O'Brien, Olivia Dixon 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Deferred Prosecutions In The Corporate Sector: Lessons From Libor, Justin O'Brien, Olivia Dixon

Seattle University Law Review

Since 2008, the global economic downturn has significantly in-creased operating pressures on major corporations. Additionally, there has been a corresponding increase in corporate tolerance for corruption, which has coincided with a marked preference by regulators in settling, rather than litigating, enforcement actions. This Article argues that the expansion of prosecutorial authority without appropriate accountability restraints is a major tactical and strategic error. It evaluates whether the mechanism can be made subject to effective oversight. It argues that the current frame-work in the United States is highly problematic, leading to settlements that generate newspaper headlines but not necessarily cultural change. It ...


Are Defined Contribution Pension Plans Fit For Purpose In Retirement?, Jeremy R. Cooper 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Are Defined Contribution Pension Plans Fit For Purpose In Retirement?, Jeremy R. Cooper

Seattle University Law Review

This Article considers the historical basis for the shift from defined benefit plans to defined contribution plans, the structural and practical shortcomings of defined contribution plans, alternate pension models, and adjustments to existing retirement plan models that may offer a degree of protection to plan contributors. Like the United States, Australia is now realizing the limitations of a defined contribution retirement system insofar as it relates the provision of reliable retirement income for a population with increasing life expectancy. Unlike defined contribution plans, defined benefit plans provide a benefit based typically on time served and a predetermined proportion of either ...


Australia’S Experience With Foreign Direct Investment By State Controlled Entities: A Move Towards Xenophobia Or Greater Openness?, Greg Golding 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Australia’S Experience With Foreign Direct Investment By State Controlled Entities: A Move Towards Xenophobia Or Greater Openness?, Greg Golding

Seattle University Law Review

Over the last few years, there has been considerable debate in Australia as to the appropriate regulation of foreign direct investment by entities affiliated with foreign governments. During that time, Australia has been a significant beneficiary of investment by sovereign wealth funds from many foreign jurisdictions, particularly by Chinese state owned enterprises. The Australian government, similar to governments of many developed Western countries, has struggled to properly calibrate its policy settings for regulating this type of investment activity. This Article considers the Australian regulatory regime and assesses Australia’s experience in regulating those investment flows during this period.


Is The Independent Director Model Broken?, Roberta S. Karmel 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Is The Independent Director Model Broken?, Roberta S. Karmel

Seattle University Law Review

At common law, an interested director was barred from participating in corporate decisions in which he had an interest, and therefore “dis-interested” directors became desirable. This concept of the disinterested director developed into the model of an “independent director” and was advocated by the Securities and Exchange Commission and court decisions as a general ideal in a variety of situations. This Article explores doubts regarding the model of an “independent director” and suggests that director expertise may be more important that director independence. The Article then discusses shareholder primacy and sets forth alternatives to the shareholder primacy theory of the ...


Whether A Standard Legislated Framework Should Govern Public-Private Partnerships For Finance And Maintenance Of Public Infrastructure In The Modern Economy?, Anika Guevara 2014 SelectedWorks

Whether A Standard Legislated Framework Should Govern Public-Private Partnerships For Finance And Maintenance Of Public Infrastructure In The Modern Economy?, Anika Guevara

Anika Guevara

No abstract provided.


Symbolic Corporate Governance Politics, Marcel Kahan, Edward B. Rock 2014 NELLCO

Symbolic Corporate Governance Politics, Marcel Kahan, Edward B. Rock

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

How are we to understand the persistent gap between rhetoric and reality that characterizes so much of corporate governance politics? In this Article, we show that the rhetoric around a variety of high profile corporate governance controversies (including shareholder proposals asking boards to redeem poison pills, proxy access, majority voting in director elections, and shareholder proposals to remove supermajority voting requirements) cannot be justified by the material interests at stake. At the same time, shareholder activists are oddly reluctant to pursue issues that may have a more material impact, such as anti-pill charter provisions or mandatory bylaw amendments. We consider ...


Mural Do Leitor - Comentário Ao Artigo "Cvm Propõe Ofertas De Ações Restritas A Qualificados", Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf 2014 SelectedWorks

Mural Do Leitor - Comentário Ao Artigo "Cvm Propõe Ofertas De Ações Restritas A Qualificados", Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


Nova 476: Ofertas De Ações Dão Mais Um Passo E Se Assemelham Às Práticas Internacionais, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf, Nair Veras Saldanha Janson, Tobias Stirnberg, Felipe Câmara 2014 SelectedWorks

Nova 476: Ofertas De Ações Dão Mais Um Passo E Se Assemelham Às Práticas Internacionais, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf, Nair Veras Saldanha Janson, Tobias Stirnberg, Felipe Câmara

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


Has The Cftc Gone Too Far In Trying To Keep The American Economy Safe From Cross-Border Swaps?, Gabriel Lau 2014 SelectedWorks

Has The Cftc Gone Too Far In Trying To Keep The American Economy Safe From Cross-Border Swaps?, Gabriel Lau

Gabriel Lau

With the passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”) in 2010, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) received the daunting task regulating swap markets. Following two iterations of proposed guidance and comment periods, the CFTC released its finalized “Interpretive Guidance and Policy Statement Regarding Compliance with Certain Swap Regulations” (“Guidance”) on July 26, 2013. In the Guidance, the CFTC gives its interpretation and policy outlook for promulgating rules with respect to the regulation of cross-border swaps. This paper examines both the critiques of the Guidance, including issues of international comity and rule promulgation procedures, and ...


The Sec Whistleblower Program - What Employers Need To Know, Matthew P. Allen 2014 SelectedWorks

The Sec Whistleblower Program - What Employers Need To Know, Matthew P. Allen

Matthew P. Allen

No abstract provided.


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