Much Ado About Nothing: The Limits Of Liability For Item 303 Omissions And The Circuit Split That Never Was, 2017 College of William & Mary Law School
Much Ado About Nothing: The Limits Of Liability For Item 303 Omissions And The Circuit Split That Never Was, Brian Currie
William & Mary Business Law Review
The implied private action for violations of SEC Rule 10b-5 has a contentious history. When plaintiffs base such actions on representations of forward-looking information, however, the stakes are even higher. Recently, the federal circuit courts revisited this divisive issue while deciding whether an omission from required disclosure of Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) of financial conditions and results of operations. The apparent disparity between the federal circuit courts has caused great consternation and uncertainty in the corporate legal sphere.
This Note will examine the origins and controversial history of Rule 10b-5 private actions, discuss the treatment of MD ...
Med-Arb Adoption In Securities Law Disputes: Advantages And Costs, 2017 Cornell Law School
Med-Arb Adoption In Securities Law Disputes: Advantages And Costs, Hyung Kyun Kwon
Concordia Law Review
This Article considers the adoption of a hybrid method of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)—Med-Arb—in securities law disputes. Because securities law ADR is currently monopolized by claims that proceed through arbitration, this Article argues that the benefits of settling a claim through mediation are being lost. Med-Arb allows parties to access the benefits of both mediation and arbitration with potentially lower economic costs and the assurance of finality of the dispute. This Article therefore presents how best to use Med-Arb to successfully resolve securities law disputes.
Playing To A New Crowd: How Congress Could Break The Startup Status Quo By Raising The Cap On The Jobs Act's Crowdfunding Exemption, Thomas Murphy
Boston College Law Review
On October 30, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission voted to implement the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (“JOBS”) Act’s exemption for crowdfunded securities, which became effective on May 16, 2016. Crowdfunding technology allows any entrepreneur with an Internet connection the opportunity to pitch an idea to a community of investors, which could revolutionize the market for early-stage startup financing. That market has largely adhered to a status quo in which the strength of an entrepreneur’s network is nearly as important as his or her idea—a dynamic that is especially difficult for female and minority entrepreneurs who have ...
Failing Cities And The Red Queen Phenomenon, 2017 Lewis & Clark Law School
Failing Cities And The Red Queen Phenomenon, Samir D. Parikh, Zhaochen He
Boston College Law Review
Cities and counties are failing. Unfunded liabilities for retirees’ healthcare benefits aggregate to more than $1 trillion. Pension systems are underfunded by as much as $4.4 trillion. Many local government capital structures ensure rising costs and declining revenues, the precursors to service-delivery insolvency. These governments are experiencing the Red Queen phenomenon. They have tried a dizzying number of remedies, but their dire situation persists unchanged. State legislatures have failed to respond. More specifically, many states have refused to implement meaningful debt restructuring mechanisms for local governments. They argue that giving cities and counties the power to potentially impair bond ...
Closing The Hedge Fund Loophole: The Sec As The Primary Regulator Of Systemic Risk, 2017 DePaul University College of Law
Closing The Hedge Fund Loophole: The Sec As The Primary Regulator Of Systemic Risk, Cary Martin Shelby
Boston College Law Review
The 2008 financial crisis sparked a flurry of regulatory activity and enforcement in an attempt to reign in activity by banks, but other institutions have also been identified as potentially threatening to the stability of the financial markets. In particular, several empirical studies have revealed that systemic risk can be created and transmitted by hedge funds. In response to the risk created by hedge funds, Congress granted the Financial Stability Oversight Council (“FSOC”) authority under the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 to designate hedge funds as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (“SIFIs”). Such a designation would automatically result in stringent capital constraints ...
A Critical Canadian Perspective On The Benefit Corporation, 2017 Seattle University School of Law
A Critical Canadian Perspective On The Benefit Corporation, Carol Liao
Seattle University Law Review
Part I of this Article provides a brief background and description of the American benefit corporation. Part II then delineates the Canadian model of corporate law and governance as it currently stands in the statutes, common law, and in practice. Part III applies the information gathered from the previous two sections to explain why the legal features in the American benefit corporation model are largely redundant to existing Canadian corporate laws. It also addresses how the implementation of the benefit corporation in Canada would conflate incorrect assumptions on Canada’s model of governance and potentially impede the progressive development of ...
Corporate Purpose And Litigation Risk In Publicly Held U.S. Benefit Corporations, 2017 Seattle University School of Law
Corporate Purpose And Litigation Risk In Publicly Held U.S. Benefit Corporations, Joan Macleod Heminway
Seattle University Law Review
With the likely prospect of publicly held U.S. benefit corporations in mind, this Article engages in a thought experiment. Specifically, the Article views the publicly held U.S. benefit corporation from the perspective of litigation risk. It first situates, in Part I, the U.S. benefit corporation in its structural and governance context as an incorporated business association. Corporate purpose and the attendant managerial authority, responsibilities, and fiduciary duties are the key points of reference. Then, in Part II, the Article seeks to identify and describe the salient, unique litigation risks that may be associated with publicly held corporations ...
Who Bleeds When The Wolves Bite? A Flesh-And-Blood Perspective On Hedge Fund Activism And Our Strange Corporate Governance System, 2017 University of Pennsylvania
Who Bleeds When The Wolves Bite? A Flesh-And-Blood Perspective On Hedge Fund Activism And Our Strange Corporate Governance System, Leo E. Strine Jr.
This paper examines the effects of hedge fund activism and so-called wolf pack activity on the ordinary human beings—the human investors—who fund our capital markets but who, as indirect of owners of corporate equity, have only limited direct power to ensure that the capital they contribute is deployed to serve their welfare and in turn the broader social good.
Most human investors in fact depend much more on their labor than on their equity for their wealth and therefore care deeply about whether our corporate governance system creates incentives for corporations to create and sustain jobs for them ...
Dictation And Delegation In Securities Regulation, 2017 University of Georgia School of Law
Dictation And Delegation In Securities Regulation, Usha Rodrigues
Indiana Law Journal
When Congress undertakes major financial reform, either it dictates the precise con-tours of the law itself or it delegates the bulk of the rule making to an administrative agency. This choice has critical consequences. Making the law self-executing in federal legislation is swift, not subject to administrative tinkering, and less vulnerable than rule making to judicial second-guessing. Agency action is, in contrast, deliberate, subject to ongoing bureaucratic fiddling, and more vulnerable than statutes to judicial challenge.
This Article offers the first empirical analysis of the extent of congressional delegation in securities law from 1970 to the present day, examining nine ...
Survivor Funds, 2017 University of Oklahoma
Survivor Funds, Jonathan Barry Forman, Michael J. Sabin
Pace Law Review
This Article explains how to create “survivor funds”—short-term investment funds that would pay more to those investors who live until the end of the fund’s term than to those who die before then. For example, instead of just investing in a ten-year bond and dividing the proceeds among the investors at the end of the bond term, a survivor fund would invest in that ten-year bond but divide the proceeds only among those who survived the full ten years. These survivor funds would be attractive investments because the survivors would get a greater return on their investments, while ...
Omnicare V. Indiana State District Council And Its Rational Basis Test For Allowing For Opinion Statements To Be A Misleading Fact Or Omission Under Section 11 Of The Securities Act Of 1933, 2017 University of West Florida
Omnicare V. Indiana State District Council And Its Rational Basis Test For Allowing For Opinion Statements To Be A Misleading Fact Or Omission Under Section 11 Of The Securities Act Of 1933, Brian Elzweig, Valrie Chambers
Pace Law Review
This article examines when statements in a registration statement, couched as opinion, can and cannot be considered to be misstatements of material fact that could lead to liability under Section 11 (and potentially other sections) of the Securities Act. The rest of this paper is formatted as follows. We review the Omnicare case, followed by the key cases in the Second, Third, Ninth, and Sixth Circuit Courts of Appeals. The Second, Third, and Ninth Circuits have all required that, in order for there to be an actionable claim under Section 11, the plaintiff must plead not only that the statement ...
Sec Reporting Requirements For Publicly Traded Companies Should Not Be Expanded Despite Advancements In Information Technology, Lindsey Kell
Duke Law & Technology Review
Advancements in information technology allow information to be collected and analyzed quickly within a corporation. As a result, technology also allows the quicker release of information to the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC)—much quicker than the Form 10-K and Form 10-Q releases that are currently required for publicly traded companies. Although publicly traded companies must also disclose certain significant events in Form 8-K, the reporting requirements for publicly traded companies are not nearly as expansive as they could be considering the easy access these companies have to their business information. Even with this in mind, the SEC is well into ...
A New Coalescence In The Housing Finance Reform Debate?, 2017 Boston College Law School
A New Coalescence In The Housing Finance Reform Debate?, Patricia Mccoy, Susan Wachter
Patricia A. McCoy
This policy brief examines recent proposals for reform of the housing finance system.
Representations And Warranties: Why They Did Not Stop The Crisis, 2017 Boston College Law School
Representations And Warranties: Why They Did Not Stop The Crisis, Patricia Mccoy, Susan Wachter
Patricia A. McCoy
During the run-up to the 2008 financial crisis, representations and warranties (contractual statements enforceable through legal action) may have given investors false assurance that mortgage loans were being properly underwritten. This assurance in turn may have contributed to overinvestment in mortgage-backed securities in two ways. First, the assumption that legally enforceable penalties associated with reps and warranties would deter lax underwriting may have led to less monitoring of these contracts than would otherwise have occurred. In turn, the lack of monitoring of actual underwriting practices enabled the spread of lax lending practices. The existence of these reps and warranties and ...
Investment Treaties Are About Justice, 2017 Boston College Law School
Investment Treaties Are About Justice, Frank J. Garcia
Frank J. Garcia
This Perspective argues that investment law is ripe for a paradigm shift away from pure capital protection. Rather, investment law should be recognized as part of a comprehensive global economic governance system for ensuring justice and the rule of law, in this case in the allocation of investment capital.
Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Regulating Robo Advice Across The Financial Services Industry, Tom Baker, Benedict G. C. Dellaert
Automated financial product advisors – “robo advisors” – are emerging across the financial services industry, helping consumers choose investments, banking products, and insurance policies. Robo advisors have the potential to lower the cost and increase the quality and transparency of financial advice for consumers. But they also pose significant new challenges for regulators who are accustomed to assessing human intermediaries. A well-designed robo advisor will be honest and competent, and it will recommend only suitable products. Because humans design and implement robo advisors, however, honesty, competence, and suitability cannot simply be assumed. Moreover, robo advisors pose new scale risks that are different ...
A Glass-Half-Empty Approach To Securities Regulation, 2017 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
A Glass-Half-Empty Approach To Securities Regulation, Wendy Gerwick Couture
Maryland Law Review
No abstract provided.
Cfius In The Age Of Chinese Investment, 2017 Fordham University School of Law
Cfius In The Age Of Chinese Investment, Patrick Griffin
Fordham Law Review
As China’s economy has developed, its companies, both state-owned and privately held, have moved to expand their operations in the United States to the point where many now seek to invest in—and on occasion, acquire—U.S. counterparts. This trend has set off alarm bells over fears that China’s unique political and economic system, which gives the state extensive influence over all corporations regardless of their ownership structure, renders such transactions national security threats. Recent hostility toward Chinese-led inbound investment is not a new trend; Congress has attempted to assert itself into the screening process undertaken by ...
Reforming Sec Alj Proceedings, 2017 University of Michigan Law School
Reforming Sec Alj Proceedings, Joanna Howard
University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform
This Note considers the current constitutional challenges to SEC administrative proceedings and suggests process reforms to enhance fairness for respondents. Challenges have developed since the Dodd-Frank Act expanded the SEC’s ability to use administrative proceedings. Arguments that there is a pre-existing flaw in the method of appointing administrative law judges provide the most potential for success. The Tenth Circuit’s December 2016 decision against the SEC in Bandimere has created a split, diverging from the D.C. Circuit’s analysis of that question in Lucia. Resolution by the Supreme Court may be inevitable. Even if the challengers do ultimately ...
The Case For Federal Pre-Emption Of State Blue Sky Laws, 2017 University of Kentucky
The Case For Federal Pre-Emption Of State Blue Sky Laws, Rutheford B. Campbell Jr.
Law Faculty Scholarly Articles
State blue sky laws—state laws that regulate a company’s offer and sale of securities—are a substantial barrier to businesses’ efficient access to external capital. The registration provisions in state blue sky laws have been especially harmful to small businesses, a vital component of our economy that may account for 30% of the nation’s employment. The costs associated with complying with more than fifty separate and independent obligations to register securities often exceed what small businesses can pay and thus may foreclose small businesses from the capital market. At the same time, requiring small businesses to comply ...