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Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz 2015 Duke Law

Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter provides a basic overview of banking and financial regulation for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics (Francesco Paris, ed.). Among other things, the chapter compares traditional and shadow banking and their regulation, differentiating “micro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting individual components of the financial system, such as banks) and “macro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting against systemic risk). The chapter also examines how regulation can help to correct market failures that undermine financial efficiency. In that context, it discusses, among other things, capital requirements, ring-fencing, and stress testing. Finally, the chapter examines how regulation ...


Lig Se Assemelha Em Parte Aos Covered Bonds Que Contribuíram Para A Crise Do Subprime, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf 2014 SelectedWorks

Lig Se Assemelha Em Parte Aos Covered Bonds Que Contribuíram Para A Crise Do Subprime, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung 2014 SelectedWorks

U.S. Insider Trading Law Enforcement: Survey Of Sec Actions From 2009 To 2013 And Issues, Chien-Chung Lin, Eric Hung

Chien-Chung Lin

This article discusses the SEC’s insider trading enforcement actions from 2009 to 2013. With an introduction of the current procedures and regulatory tools available, this article provides a thorough survey on the insider trading cases found from SEC’s official website, related databases and litigation releases in the corresponding period and compiles the results in appendices. In doing so, we present a first-hand, detailed picture of insider trading law in the United States and its enforcement. The data also relates to several much debated theoretical issues in this area, including the merit of punishing insider trading activities, the efficacy ...


The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu

Shi-Ling Hsu

Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-first Century, which is surely one of the very few economics treatises ever to be a best-seller, has parachuted into an intensely emotional and deeply divisive American debate: the problem of inequality in the United States. Piketty's core argument is that throughout history, the rate of return on private capital has usually exceeded the rate of economic growth, expressed by Piketty as the relation r > g. If true, this relation means that the wealthy class – who are the predominant owners of capital – will grow their wealth faster than economies grow, which means that ...


Debêntures: Iniciativas Para Aumento De Liquidez E Fomento Ao Mercado Secundário, Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf 2014 SelectedWorks

Debêntures: Iniciativas Para Aumento De Liquidez E Fomento Ao Mercado Secundário, Luiz Rafael De Vargas Maluf

Luiz Rafael de Vargas Maluf

No abstract provided.


Insider Trading And Evolutionary Psychology: Strong Reciprocity, Cheater Detection, And The Expanding Boundaries Of The Law, Steven R. McNamara 2014 SelectedWorks

Insider Trading And Evolutionary Psychology: Strong Reciprocity, Cheater Detection, And The Expanding Boundaries Of The Law, Steven R. Mcnamara

Steven R. McNamara

Insider trading law has expanded in recent years to cover instances of trading on non-public information that fall outside of the fiduciary duty framework set forth in the landmark cases of Chiarella and Dirks. The trend towards a broader insider trading law moves the law closer towards what evolutionary psychology tells us humans desire when engaging in collective action: that individuals benefit in proportion to the effort or investment they make in a common enterprise. Insider trading law can therefore be understood as a societal response to cheating in group activities, and the recent expansion of the law as reflecting ...


Judgment Day For Fraud-On-The-Market: Reflections On Amgen And The Second Coming Of Halliburton, Donald C. Langevoort 2014 Georgetown University Law Center

Judgment Day For Fraud-On-The-Market: Reflections On Amgen And The Second Coming Of Halliburton, Donald C. Langevoort

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The Supreme Court has reaffirmed the "fraud on the market" presumption of reliance, facilitating large scale class actions for this kind of securities fraud. This essay traces the road from its decision last year in Amgen to this year's reaffirmation in Halliburton II, and considers some of the issues that will emerge as lower courts struggle with Halliburton II's secondary holding--that the issue of "price impact" is crucial to class certification, even if the burden of proof is on the defendants.


New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman 2014 Purdue University

New York Stock Exchange, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of the origins and early development of the New York Stock Exchange.


Corporate Boardroom Diversity: Why Are We Still Talking About This?, Lawrence J. Trautman 2014 SelectedWorks

Corporate Boardroom Diversity: Why Are We Still Talking About This?, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

What exactly is board diversity and why does it matter? How does diversity fit in an attempt to build the best board for any organization? What attributes and skills are required by law and what mix of experiences and talents provide the best corporate governance? Even though most companies say they are looking for diversity, why has there been such little progress? Are required director attributes, which are a must for all boards, consistent with future diversity gains and aligned with achieving high performance and optimal board composition?

My goal is to provide answers to these questions, and to discuss ...


Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson II 2014 SelectedWorks

Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii

William Alan Nelson II

The pervasive use of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements in the securities industry is a relatively new phenomenon. However, research reflects that an overwhelming majority of retail brokerage and investment advisory agreements include language requiring that all disputes between the customer and the broker-dealer / investment adviser be resolved through arbitration – most often with Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Dispute Resolution. Thus, only in rare instances can an investor open either a brokerage or investment advisory account without agreeing to submit to mandatory pre-dispute arbitration.

The enclosed article is the first to focus on the fairness of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements through ...


The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, Jill E. Fisch 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Broken Buck Stops Here: Embracing Sponsor Support In Money Market Fund Reform, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship

Since the 2008 financial crisis, in which the Reserve Primary Fund “broke the buck,” money market funds (MMFs) have been the subject of ongoing policy debate. Many commentators view MMFs as a key contributor to the crisis, in part because widespread redemption demands during the days following the Lehman bankruptcy led to a freeze in the credit markets. The response has been to deem MMFs a component of the nefarious shadow banking industry and to target them for regulatory reform.


Determining the appropriate approach to MMF reform has proven difficult. Banks regulators prefer a requirement that MMFs trade at a ...


E-Commerce And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman 2014 SelectedWorks

E-Commerce And Electronic Payment System Risks: Lessons From Paypal, Lawrence J. Trautman

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

What are the major risks perceived by those engaged in e-commerce and electronic payment systems? What development risks, if they become reality, may cause substantial increases in operating costs or threaten the very survival of the enterprise?

This article utilizes the relevant annual report disclosures from eBay (parent of PayPal), along with other eBay and PayPal documents, as a potentially powerful teaching device. Most of the descriptive language to follow is excerpted directly from eBay’s regulatory filings. My additions include weaving these materials into a logical presentation and providing supplemental sources for those who desire a deeper look (usually ...


Carrot Or Stick? The Shift From Voluntary To Mandatory Disclosure Of Risk Factors, Karen K. Nelson, Adam C. Pritchard 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Carrot Or Stick? The Shift From Voluntary To Mandatory Disclosure Of Risk Factors, Karen K. Nelson, Adam C. Pritchard

Law & Economics Working Papers

This study investigates risk factor disclosures under the voluntary, incentive-based disclosure regime provided by the safe harbor provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act and the SEC’s subsequent disclosure mandate. Firms subject to greater litigation risk disclose more risk factors, update the language more from year-to-year, and use more readable language than firms with lower litigation risk. These differences in the quality of disclosure are pronounced in the voluntary disclosure regime, but converge following the SEC mandate. Consistent with these findings, the risk factor disclosures of high litigation risk firms are significantly more informative about systematic and idiosyncratic ...


Shari’Ah-Based Sukuk Have So Far Failed To Bond With Korea's Capital Markets, But Not Due To Lack Of Interest: An Examination Of The Korean Government's Unsuccessful Attempts To Introduce Sukuk-Friendly Legislation, Mee-Hyon Lee 2014 SelectedWorks

Shari’Ah-Based Sukuk Have So Far Failed To Bond With Korea's Capital Markets, But Not Due To Lack Of Interest: An Examination Of The Korean Government's Unsuccessful Attempts To Introduce Sukuk-Friendly Legislation, Mee-Hyon Lee

Mee-Hyon Lee

Shari’ah-based Sukuk have so far failed to bond with Korea’s capital markets, but not due to lack of interest: An examination of the Korean government’s unsuccessful attempts to introduce Sukuk-friendly legislation.

Mee- Hyon Lee

While Korean companies for a long time have been keenly interested in attaining fuller and more direct participation in the Islamic financial markets to take advantage of the huge growth potential there and to keep in step with significant global trends, progress toward that goal remains elusive because the relatively unconventional characteristics of Sukuk (the Shari’ah-compliant alternative to standard debt ...


Missing The Mark: Partial Resolution Of The Application Of Equitable Tolling To Section 16(B) Claims In Credit Suisse Securities (Usa) Llc V. Simmonds, Lydia Park 2014 Pepperdine University

Missing The Mark: Partial Resolution Of The Application Of Equitable Tolling To Section 16(B) Claims In Credit Suisse Securities (Usa) Llc V. Simmonds, Lydia Park

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Hedge Fund Regulation: Focusing On The U.S., The U.K., And Korea, Eun Jip Kim 2014 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Rethinking Hedge Fund Regulation: Focusing On The U.S., The U.K., And Korea, Eun Jip Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Until the global financial crisis in 2008, hedge funds had relied on various safe harbor rules to remain unregulated. Since then, various subprime mortgage crisis-driven regulatory reforms have been made worldwide. Through the implementation of registration and reporting obligations the hedge fund regulatory framework has been changed to reinforce regulations that may provide financial stability, making hedge funds more like other regulated entities.

Current hedge fund regulations are based on the policy grounds, on one hand, that macro-prudential regulations are necessary due to the potential adverse effects on the market from hedge fund size and leverage positions, and on the ...


Remembering George Michaely, Lawrence J. Trautman, Stanley Sporkin, John A. Dudley 2014 SelectedWorks

Remembering George Michaely, Lawrence J. Trautman, Stanley Sporkin, John A. Dudley

Lawrence J. Trautman Sr.

This short essay is a memorial tribute about George P. Michaely, Jr. (1926 to 2014). After graduating from both the University of Notre Dame and its law school, he began his legal career, serving for approximately seven years as attorney in the Office of General Counsel. He was then appointed Chief Counsel of the Commission’s Division of Corporation Finance, where he served for approximately the next four years and was responsible for advising the Commission and the public concerning the interpretation of the statutory provisions and rules relating to the registration provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 and ...


Kickstarter My Heart: Extraordinary Popular Delusions And The Madness Of Crowdfunding Constraints And Bitcoin Bubbles, David Groshoff 2014 College of William & Mary Law School

Kickstarter My Heart: Extraordinary Popular Delusions And The Madness Of Crowdfunding Constraints And Bitcoin Bubbles, David Groshoff

William & Mary Business Law Review

This Article builds on my existing research program that (a) broadly seeks to analyze laws, regulations, instruments, and policy levers that inhibit a market’s ability to recognize an asset’s intrinsic value, whether in terms of financial, social, or human capital, and (b) explores and advances interdisciplinary corporate governance theories by employing a heterodox economic analytic to derive its proposal to the paradox of an unregulated virtual currency market (Bitcoins) and an overly regulated crowdfunding market (Kickstarter).

The Article functions not only as an homage to Charles MacKay’s legendary 1841 book, Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of ...


Transnational Corporate Regulation Through Sustainability Reporting: A Case Study Of The Canadian Extractive Sector, Navraj S. Pannu 2014 Western University

Transnational Corporate Regulation Through Sustainability Reporting: A Case Study Of The Canadian Extractive Sector, Navraj S. Pannu

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite the benefits transnational corporations (TNCs) offer, they remain largely unregulated entities, enabling environmental, social, and human rights violations to be overlooked. Canadian extractive sector TNCs operating internationally are frequently cited as major perpetrators of such violations. Literature on new governance and self-regulation as well as global corporate social responsibility (CSR) increasingly offers disclosure and reporting as a solution for TNC regulation. This study examines disclosure in international CSR frameworks, and the reflexive law and new governance theories explaining the role of such disclosure and reporting. Mirroring international CSR initiatives, Canadian jurisdictions are increasingly recommending disclosure for its extractive sector ...


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