Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law
Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall
Brian M McCall
Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...
Structural Police Reform, 2015 University of Illinois College of Law
Structural Police Reform, Stephen Rushin
No abstract provided.
California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, 2014 University of San Diego
California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, Jennifer Jackson
In an emotionally charged decision regarding surrogacy contracts, it is important to recognize the ramifications, costs, and policy. There are advantages to both “gestational carrier surrogacy” contracts and “traditional surrogacy” contracts. However, this paper focuses on the differences between these contracts using case law. Specifically, this paper will focus on the implications of California case law regarding surrogacy contracts. Cases such as Johnson v. Calvert and In Re Marriage of Moschetta provide a clear distinction between these contracts. This distinction will show that while gestational carrier surrogacy contracts are more expensive, public policy and court opinions will provide certainty and ...
Countering Hate On The Internet, 2014 SelectedWorks
Countering Hate On The Internet, Raphael Cohen-Almagor
Hate speech is designed to threaten certain groups publicly and act as propaganda for offline organizations. Hate groups use websites to share ideology and propaganda, to link to similar sites and to recruit new converts, advocate violence and to threat others. The aim of this paper is to analyse the ways hate mongers are utilizing the Internet, and to ask what can be done to counter their activities. The paper discusses the targets of hate on the Internet and offers practical proposals to address this increasing problem and fight against it.
Judicial Overstating, 2014 BLR
Judicial Overstating, Dan Simon, Nicholas Scurich
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
Ostensibly, we are all Legal Realists now. No longer do legal theorists insist that judicial decision making fits the mechanical and formalist characterizations of yesteryear. Yet, the predominant style of American appellate court opinions seems to adhere to that improbable mode of adjudication. As argued elsewhere, opinions habitually provide excessively large sets of syllogistic reasons and portray the chosen decision as certain, singularly correct, and as determined inevitably by the legal materials (Simon, A Psychological Model of Judicial Decision Making, 1998).
This article examines two possible explanations for this rhetorical style of Judicial Overstating. First, we review the psychological research ...
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, 2014 SelectedWorks
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit
The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...
The Future Of Polyamorous Marriage: Lessons From The Marriage Equality Struggle, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Future Of Polyamorous Marriage: Lessons From The Marriage Equality Struggle, Hadar Aviram, Gwendolyn Manriquez Leachman
Amidst the recent legal victories and growing public support for same-sex marriage, numerous polyamorous individuals have expressed interest in pursuing legal recognition for marriages between more than two consenting adults. This Article explores the possibilities that exist for such a polyamorous marriage equality campaign, in light of the theoretical literature on law and social movements, as well as our own original and secondary research on polyamorous and LGBT communities. Among other issues, we examine the prospect of prioritizing the marriage struggle over other forms of nonmarital relationship recognition; pragmatic regulative challenges, like taxation, healthcare, and immigration; and how law and ...
Troubled Waters: Diana Nyad And The Birth Of The Global Rules Of Marathon Swimming, Hadar Aviram
On September 3, 2013, Diana Nyad reported having completed a 110-mile swim from Cuba to Florida. The general enthusiasm about her swim was not echoed in the marathon swimming community, whose members expressed doubts about the integrity and honesty of the swim. The community debate that followed gave rise to the creation of the Global Rules of Marathon Swimming, the first effort to regulate the sport. This Article uses the community’s reaction to Nyad’s deviance to examine the role that crime and deviance plays in the creation and modification of legal structures. Relying on Durkheim’s functionalism theory ...
More Than A Woman: Insights Into Corporate Governance After The French Sex Quota, Darren Rosenblum, Daria Roithmayr
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
In 2011, France enacted a Corporate Board Quota to establish a forty percent floor for either sex on corporate boards. Existing literature presumes that women will change the way firms function and that their presence in upper management will improve both governance and financial returns. To assess the potential impact of the quota, we interviewed twenty-four current and former corporate board members. Our analysis of these interviews generates two findings. First our results indicate that, at least in the view of board members, the sex quota has had an impact on the process of board decision making, but adding women ...
Bringing Down An Uprising: Egypt's Stillborn Revolution, 2014 SelectedWorks
Bringing Down An Uprising: Egypt's Stillborn Revolution, Sahar Aziz
Sahar F Aziz
On January 25, 2011, the world watched in awe as millions of Egyptians poured into the streets demanding bread, freedom, and social justice. All of which they had been denied for three decades under Mubarak’s deeply embedded authoritarian regime. That Egyptians had persevered economic and political indignities for so long without mass protest made the events of January 25 all the more striking. Once it became clear that Egypt’s despised security forces could not quash the masses, thousands of news articles, blogs, and tweets declared that Egyptians were finally revolting. After sixty years of authoritarianism led by retired ...
Legal Cases On Posthumous Reputation And Posthumous Privacy: History Censorship, Law, Politics And Culture, Bo Zhao
Bo Zhao Dr.
It is a well-established doctrine in common law countries that law does not protect reputation and privacy of the deceased. However, many countries including Western European democracies protect them to various extents by confining free expression and exchange of information and ideas regarding the dead and the past. Such an instrumental use of defamation law and privacy law can provide history censorship with justifiable legal grounds. Based on an analysis of representative legal cases on posthumous reputation and posthumous privacy collected across the world, this article tries to offer a thorough analysis of the phenomenon of how legal protection of ...
The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Origins Of Affirmative Fiscal Action, Mirit Eyal-Cohen
This article highlights an anomaly. It shows that two tax rules aimed to achieve a similar goal were introduced at the same time. Both meant to be temporary and bring economic stimuli, but received a dramatically different treatment. The less efficient or economically inferior survived. Its superior counterpart did not. The article reviews the reasons for this paradox. It shows that the reason is both political and an agency problem. The article not only enriches an important and ongoing debate that has received much attention in recent years, but also provides important lessons to policymakers.
The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu
Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-first Century, which is surely one of the very few economics treatises ever to be a best-seller, has parachuted into an intensely emotional and deeply divisive American debate: the problem of inequality in the United States. Piketty's core argument is that throughout history, the rate of return on private capital has usually exceeded the rate of economic growth, expressed by Piketty as the relation r > g. If true, this relation means that the wealthy class – who are the predominant owners of capital – will grow their wealth faster than economies grow, which means that ...
A Competition Of Minds And A Penetration Of Souls: How Short-Term Interrogation Tactics After 9/11 Led To Grave Long-Term Unintended Consequences Today (As Told Through The Voices Of Four Interrogators), 2014 University of San Francisco
A Competition Of Minds And A Penetration Of Souls: How Short-Term Interrogation Tactics After 9/11 Led To Grave Long-Term Unintended Consequences Today (As Told Through The Voices Of Four Interrogators), Peter J. Honigsberg
Peter J Honigsberg
No abstract provided.
The Replicator And The First Amendment, 2014 SelectedWorks
The Replicator And The First Amendment, Kyle Langvardt
As 3D printing technology improves, the theoretical endpoint comes into view: a machine that, like the “replicators” of Star Trek, can produce anything the user asks for out of thin air from a digital blueprint. Real-life technology may never reach that endpoint, but our progress toward it has accelerated sharply over the past few years—sharply enough, indeed, for legal scholars to weigh in on the phenomenon’s disruptive potential in areas ranging from intellectual property to gun rights.
This paper is concerned with the First Amendment status of the digital blueprints. As of August 2014, it is the first ...
"No Country For Old Men:" Junior Associates And The Real-World Practice Of Law, 2014 Syracuse University
"No Country For Old Men:" Junior Associates And The Real-World Practice Of Law, Ian Gallacher
Law schools are designed to teach students about the doctrine of law and to help them prepare their skills to practice law. There are some practical aspects of law practice, though, that are rarely if ever discussed in law school. Perhaps this is because of an assumption that law firms will make these issues clear to the students they hire as associates, or perhaps it is because of a belief that such information has no place in the curriculum of an academic institution.
Whatever the reason, this is information law students should have as they begin to think about where ...
Narrow Tailoring, Compelling Interests, And Free Exercise: On Aca, Rfra And Predictability, Mark Strasser
The holding in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Incorporated was narrow in scope—closely held, for-profit corporations must be afforded an exemption from providing insurance coverage for a few types of contraception if the corporation has religious objections to providing that coverage. In addition, the exemption requirement was based on a construction of federal statute rather than on the Constitution’s free exercise guarantees. Both the narrowness of the holding and the Court’s express disavowal that it was offering a constitutional analysis might make the opinion appear relatively inconsequential. However, because the opinion changes the focus and standards of ...
What Impact The Supreme Court’S Recent Hobby Lobby Decision Might Have For Lgbt Civil Rights?, Vincent J. Samar
Vincent J. Samar
What Impact the Supreme Court’s Recent Hobby Lobby
Decision Might Have for LGBT Civil Rights?
Vincent J. Samar
The U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in the Hobby Lobby case has created shockwaves of concern among civil rights groups questioning whether for-profit corporations can assert a religious exemption from civil rights legislation under a 1993 federal law, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. The matter is of particular concern in the LGBT community given the possible impact it could have on services traditionally offered to those getting married as more and more states legalize same-sex marriage. Though the ...
Trademark Law And The Prickly Ambivalence Of Post-Parodies, 2014 SelectedWorks
Trademark Law And The Prickly Ambivalence Of Post-Parodies, Charles E. Colman
Charles E. Colman
This Essay examines what I call "post-parodies" in apparel. This emerging genre of do-it-yourself fashion is characterized by the appropriation and modification of third-party trademarks — not for the sake of dismissively mocking or zealously glorifying luxury fashion, but rather to engage in more complex forms of expression. I examine the cultural circumstances and psychological factors giving rise to post-parodic fashion, and conclude that the sensibility causing its proliferation is one grounded in ambivalence. Unfortunately, current doctrine governing trademark parodies cannot begin to make sense of post-parodic goods; among other shortcomings, that doctrine suffers from crude analytical tools and a cramped ...
Ensayo Sobre La Nueva Ley Universitaria 30220, 2014 SelectedWorks
Ensayo Sobre La Nueva Ley Universitaria 30220, Joshimar De La Cruz Aroni
Joshimar De la cruz Aroni
No abstract provided.