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The Legacy Of Slavery And The Continued Marginalization Of Communities Of Color Within The Legal System, Julia N. Alvarez 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Legacy Of Slavery And The Continued Marginalization Of Communities Of Color Within The Legal System, Julia N. Alvarez

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The aim of this thesis paper is to demonstrate how the history of slavery in the United States continues to marginalize communities of color. The history of slavery in America was the result of various factors. Some of these factors included but were not limited to; economic, legal, and social. Slavery provided a reliable and self-reproducing workforce. The laws enacted during slavery ensured the continuation of the social order of the time. This social order was based on the generalized understanding that blacks were born into servitude. Those born into slavery were not given the same legal or economic status ...


Democracy In Brazil: The Evolving Role Of The Country’S Supreme Court, Dias Toffoli 2017 Brazilian Supreme Court

Democracy In Brazil: The Evolving Role Of The Country’S Supreme Court, Dias Toffoli

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

The objective of this paper is to analyze the functions of the Brazilian Supreme Court and the need to attribute to a single specific entity the roles of guardian of the constitution, court of the federation, and moderator of political and social conflicts. It is also important to stress the relevance of the Brazilian Supreme Court as a criminal court, overseeing inquiries and criminal suits involving federal authorities entitled to the prerogative of privileged jurisdiction.


One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan 2017 Massachusetts Housing Partnership

One Mortgage: A Model Of Success For Low-Income Homeownership, Clark L. Ziegler, Elliot Schmiedl, Thomas Callahan

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

A 1989 report by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston identified major racial disparities in mortgage lending in the City of Boston that could not be explained by income, credit scores, or other objective underwriting factors. In response, city and state officials, community organizations, and major banking institutions joined together in 1990 to design and launch what is now the Massachusetts ONE Mortgage program. The program is built around a low down payment mortgage loan with discounted interest rates, a state funded loan loss reserve that eliminates the need for mortgage insurance, retention of servicing and credit risk by the ...


Why Cyclicality Matters To Access To Mortgage Credit, Patricia A. McCoy, Susan M. Wachter 2017 Boston College Law School

Why Cyclicality Matters To Access To Mortgage Credit, Patricia A. Mccoy, Susan M. Wachter

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

Virtually no attention has been paid to the problem of cyclicality in debates over access to mortgage credit, despite its importance as a driver of tight credit. Housing markets are prone to booms accompanied by bubbles in mortgage credit in which lenders cut underwriting standards, leading to elevated loan defaults. During downturns, these cycles artificially impede access to mortgage credit for underserved communities. During upswings, these cycles make homeownership unnecessarily precarious for many who attain it. This volatility exacerbates wealth and income disparities by ethnicity and race. The boom-bust cycle must be addressed in order to assure healthy and sustainable ...


Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo 2017 Boston College Law School

Don’T Ask Me About My Business: The Mafia’S Exploitation Of The European Migration Crisis, Natalie Cappellazzo

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

Old meets new as the Italian mafia capitalizes on the European migration crisis. Beginning with the coordination of Mediterranean voyages and ending with the indefinite exploitation of refugees at mafia-run migrant camps, the mafia has found an opportunity to profit from the crisis at every step of the way. With no end to the constant influx of refugees in sight, and verging on a humanitarian crisis within the camps’ walls, Italy faces a serious problem that requires a multifaceted solution. The Dublin regulations, which mandate registration and application for asylum in the first European Union country of entry, are in ...


Waiting For Homeownership: Assessing The Future Of Homeownership, Jonathan Spader, Christopher Herbert 2017 Joint Center on Housing Studies of Harvard University

Waiting For Homeownership: Assessing The Future Of Homeownership, Jonathan Spader, Christopher Herbert

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The decade-long decline in the homeownership rate in the United States has generated substantial discussion over its future path. In the face of continued uncertainty, this Article seeks to assess what we know and do not know about the sources of the decline and the likely trajectory of the homeownership rate in coming years. The analyses use the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) of the Current Population Survey for 1985 to 2015 to examine the determinants of changes in the homeownership rate, using shift-share analyses to measure the extent to which changing demographics explain the observed changes. The results ...


Discussion Of Papers On Cyclicality In Mortgage Markets, Edward J. Kane 2017 Boston College

Discussion Of Papers On Cyclicality In Mortgage Markets, Edward J. Kane

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The mortgage market can be portrayed as a complicated machine that processes information and disinformation to help lenders and would-be homeowners to fashion an enforceable and fair set of mutual obligations. The papers in this symposium issue focus on ameliorating cyclical speed-ups and slowdowns in the lender-operated parts of this machine. My discussion focuses on two issues: (1) how transitioning to a gig economy is changing household needs for owner-occupied and rental homes across different age groups; and (2) how to use the legal system to lessen the informational disadvantage that would-be homeowners face in understanding the deals they are ...


Mortgage Supply Chain Failure And Innovation, Lisa Davis 2017 Pembrook Capital Management LLC

Mortgage Supply Chain Failure And Innovation, Lisa Davis

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

The standard mortgage supply chain is so costly and inefficient that large national banks have dramatically scaled back their provision of mortgages to low- and moderate-income households. Absent regulatory requirements, subsidy, improvement in the way the mortgage supply chain works, or maybe all three, low- and moderate-income households will continue to be underserved by those banks with the largest share of the mortgage market. A number of factors contribute to this problem, including expensive marketing costs and commissions, as well as the obsolete, paper-based technology for loan production. Arguably, the national banking system has never excelled at providing fairly priced ...


The Housing Market Cannot Fully Recover Without A Robust Rental Policy, Michael A. Stegman 2017 Bipartisan Policy Center

The Housing Market Cannot Fully Recover Without A Robust Rental Policy, Michael A. Stegman

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

There is no one explanation for why access to mortgage credit remains so tight this far into the housing recovery, nor is there a consensus on why our national homeownership rate has fallen to a fifty-year low, but one thing is clear: the homeownership and rental markets are two sides of the same coin. As such, policymakers must understand that pressures and problems in one have implications for the other. As we disentangle and address the interwoven causes of our credit access and homeownership challenges, we do have a set of affordable rental policies and programs, proven effective and informed ...


The Pro Bono Collaborative Project Spotlight 05-23-2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

The Pro Bono Collaborative Project Spotlight 05-23-2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Pro Bono Collaborative Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Personal Injury Law, Defense V. Plaintiff: A Return To Civility, Daniel Stiffler, Jamie Finizio Bascombe 2017 Nova Southeastern University

Personal Injury Law, Defense V. Plaintiff: A Return To Civility, Daniel Stiffler, Jamie Finizio Bascombe

Law Center Plus Seminar Series

This particular seminar is designed to educate attorneys on the importance of communicating and navigating a civil case while maintaining a level of professionalism, civility, and integrity to the profession, opposing party, and the court. Learning Outcomes include:

  1. How to maintain a level of civility while competently represent clients in civil cases in Florida
  2. Review standards of conduct in the context of a lawyer’s responsibility to perceive and protect the image of the profession

The Florida Bar CLE credits - General 2.0, Ethics 0.5 The Florida Bar Certification Credits - Civil Trial 2.0


Solitary Confinement: Social Death And Its Afterlives, Jen Rushforth 2017 San Jose State University

Solitary Confinement: Social Death And Its Afterlives, Jen Rushforth

Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science

No abstract provided.


The Secret Users Guide For Liberals, Independents, And Conservatives To Win The White House: Demographics And Political Ideologies, Cassandra Medina 2017 Chapman University

The Secret Users Guide For Liberals, Independents, And Conservatives To Win The White House: Demographics And Political Ideologies, Cassandra Medina

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

I consider that understanding political ideology is of most importance but we must consciously understand the demographics behind it. I will be approaching this issue by looking at the set of demographics that range from gender, income, education, ethnicity, religion, and age. While observing if these demographics influence party identity, ideology, and strength of partisanship in these cases. The key issues that I am focusing on, how do certain demographics influence the party ideology that a person chooses? Utilizing cross-national level data from the 2012 ANES election study I will be analyzing multivariable, and frequencies to be able to assets ...


Revisiting Popular Action, Raúl Sánchez Gómez 2017 Universidad Pablo de Olavide

Revisiting Popular Action, Raúl Sánchez Gómez

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Toiling In Trump's Vineyard Of Alternative Facts Lining Its Random Walk, David J. Cook 2017 DePaul University

Toiling In Trump's Vineyard Of Alternative Facts Lining Its Random Walk, David J. Cook

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Erosion Of Civil Rights Remedies: How Ashcroft V. Al-Kidd Altered Qualified Immunity, Madeleine Sharp 2017 DePaul University

The Erosion Of Civil Rights Remedies: How Ashcroft V. Al-Kidd Altered Qualified Immunity, Madeleine Sharp

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Measuring “Progress” And “Regress” In Human Rights: Why We Need A Set Of Social Contract Measures To Replace Indices Of Violations And Slogans, David Lempert 2017 Independent Scholar

Measuring “Progress” And “Regress” In Human Rights: Why We Need A Set Of Social Contract Measures To Replace Indices Of Violations And Slogans, David Lempert

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Criminal Selectivity In The United States: A History Plagued By Class & Race Bias, Valeria Vegh Weis 2017 DePaul University

Criminal Selectivity In The United States: A History Plagued By Class & Race Bias, Valeria Vegh Weis

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Asian Americans And The Law: Sharing A Progressive Civil Rights Agenda During Uncertain Times, Harvey Gee 2017 DePaul University

Asian Americans And The Law: Sharing A Progressive Civil Rights Agenda During Uncertain Times, Harvey Gee

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


A Letter From The Editors, DePaul Journal for Social Justice Editorial Board 2017 DePaul University College of Law

A Letter From The Editors, Depaul Journal For Social Justice Editorial Board

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


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