Nonmoral Theoretical Disagreement In Law, 2016 Weitz & Luxenberg, P.C.
Nonmoral Theoretical Disagreement In Law, Alani Golanski
The central issue in the philosophy of law has been whether law’s content and validity rest on moral criteria. Scholars have viewed theoretical disagreements in law as the indicia of moral dispute. Both sides of the debate – those favoring and those opposing the view that moral justification may or does supply the criteria by which a rule or principle counts as "legal" – have accepted the notion that, if there is widespread theoretical disagreement in law, this would be compelling evidence of law’s incorporation of moral standards. Thus, theoretical disagreement poses a powerful challenge to the "positivist" approach, which ...
From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, 2016 SelectedWorks
From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit
In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, 2016 SelectedWorks
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit
The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, 2016 Academia Sinica
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, Brian Christopher Jones
Brian Christopher Jones
Although contemporary societies covet the notion of a written constitution, the UK still stands as one of the few jurisdictions not in possession such a single document. Yet recently there has been renewed discussion regarding whether the UK should draft its own constitution (or at least entrench some form of constitutional law). A recent House of Commons committee report thoroughly analysed this prospect, and many scholars and practitioners consider such a result inevitable. This piece argues that such a document should not be drafted, but if it is, it should surely not be called a "Constitution".
Difficulties arise because over ...
The Power Of The Body: Analyzing The Corporeal Logic Of Law And Social Change In The Arab Spring, 2015 Columbia University
The Power Of The Body: Analyzing The Corporeal Logic Of Law And Social Change In The Arab Spring, Zeina Jallad, Zeina Jallad
The Power of the Body:
Analyzing the Logic of Law and Social Change in the Arab Spring
Under conditions of extreme social and political injustice - when human rights are under the most threat - rational arguments rooted in the language of human rights are often unlikely to spur reform or to ensure government adherence to citizens’ rights. When those entrusted with securing human dignity, rights, and freedoms fail to do so, and when other actors—such as human rights activists, international institutions, and social movements—fail to engage the levers of power to eliminate injustice, then oppressed and even quotidian ...
Gustavo GutiéRrez – Liberation Theology & Marxism, 2015 Liberty University
Gustavo GutiéRrez – Liberation Theology & Marxism, Todd Cameron Swathwood Jr
Since 1968, liberation theology has emerged as a prominent feature of religion and politics, particularly in South America. Originally stemming from the writings of Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez, this at-once theological and overtly political ideology decries the institutionalized violence of the world’s capitalist society on the poor and oppressed, and argues that God is particularly concerned with the plight of the suffering masses. Christians should therefore make assistance of these poor souls their highest priority, and advocate for any and all methods of alleviating suffering, especially those that work from the premise that society must be toppled and ...
The High Price Of Poverty: A Study Of How The Majority Of Current Court System Procedures For Collecting Court Costs And Fees, As Well As Fines, Have Failed To Adhere To Established Precedent And The Constitutional Guarantees They Advocate., 2015 St. Mary's School of Law, Texas
The High Price Of Poverty: A Study Of How The Majority Of Current Court System Procedures For Collecting Court Costs And Fees, As Well As Fines, Have Failed To Adhere To Established Precedent And The Constitutional Guarantees They Advocate., Trevor J. Calligan
Trevor J Calligan
No abstract provided.
Gender Biases In Cyberspace: A Two-Stage Model For A Feminist Way Forward, 2015 Yale Law School
Gender Biases In Cyberspace: A Two-Stage Model For A Feminist Way Forward, Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid Professor Of Law, Amy Mittelman Ms.
Shlomit Yanisky-Ravid Professor of Law
Increasingly, there has been a focus on creating democratic standards and procedures in order to best facilitate open exchange of information and communication online—a goal that fits neatly within the feminist aim to democratize content creation and community. Collaborative websites, such as blogs, social networks, and, as focused on in this Article, Wikipedia, represent both a Cyberspace community entirely outside the strictures of the traditional (intellectual) proprietary paradigm and one that professes to truly embody the philosophy of a completely open, free, and democratic resource for all. In theory, collaborative websites are the solution that social activists, Intellectual Property ...
The Coherence Effect: Blending Cold And Hot Cognitions, 2015 USC Gould School of Law
The Coherence Effect: Blending Cold And Hot Cognitions, Dan Simon, Douglas M. Stenstrom, Stephen J. Read
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
Previous research has shown that making complex judgments and decisions entails a mental reconstruction of the task in a way that increases the state of coherence between the emerging conclusion and its underlying attributes: The attributes that support the conclusion grow stronger, whereas the attributes that support the losing option weaken. This coherence effect is understood to occur bidirectionally, in that conclusions follow from the decision-maker’s evaluation of the attributes, while the evaluations of the attributes shift to cohere with the emerging conclusion. The current studies were designed to extend the coherence effect to encompass cognitions that could be ...
Governance Reform And The Judicial Role In Municipal Bankruptcy, 2015 New York University
Governance Reform And The Judicial Role In Municipal Bankruptcy, Clayton P. Gillette, David A. Skeel Jr.
Recent proceedings involving large municipalities such as Detroit, Stockton, and Vallejo illustrate both the utility and the limitations of using the Bankruptcy Code to adjust municipal debt. In this article, we contend that, to truly resolve the distress of a substantial city, municipal bankruptcy needs to do more than simply provide immediate debt relief. Debt adjustment alone does nothing to remedy the fragmented decision-making and incentives for expanding municipal budgets that underlie municipal distress. Unless bankruptcy also addresses governance dysfunction, the city may slide right back into financial crisis. Governance restructuring has long been an essential element of corporate bankruptcy ...
Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, 2015 Ursinus College
Keeping Pace: The U.S. Supreme Court And Evolving Technology, Brian Thomas
Politics Summer Fellows
Contemporary mainstream discussions of the Supreme Court are often qualified with the warning that the nine justices are out of touch with everyday American life, especially when it comes to the newest and most popular technologies. For instance, during oral argument for City of Ontario v. Quon, a 2010 case that dealt with sexting on government-issued devices, Chief Justice John Roberts famously asked what the difference was “between email and a pager,” and Justice Antonin Scalia wondered if the “spicy little conversations” held via text message could be printed and distributed. While these comments have garnered a great deal of ...
Legal Agreement, 2015 Yale Law School Information Society Project
Legal Agreement, Andrew Tutt
Akron Law Review
No abstract provided.
Beyond The Written Constitution: A Short Analysis Of Warren Court, 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil
Beyond The Written Constitution: A Short Analysis Of Warren Court, Thiago Luis Sombra
Thiago Luís Santos Sombra
This essay propose an analysis about how Warren Court became one of the most particular in American History by confronting Jim Crow law, especially by applying the Bill of Rights. In this essay, we propose an analysis of how complex the unwritten Constitution is. Cases like Brown vs. Board of Education will be analyzed from a different point of view to understand the methods of the Court.
A New Public-Interest Appellate Model: Public Counsel's Court-Based Self-Help Clinic And Pro Bono Triage For Indigent Pro Se Civil Litigants On Appeal, 2015 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law
A New Public-Interest Appellate Model: Public Counsel's Court-Based Self-Help Clinic And Pro Bono Triage For Indigent Pro Se Civil Litigants On Appeal, Meehan Rasch
The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process
No abstract provided.
Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, 2015 University of Brasília-Brazil
Trust And Good-Faith Taken To A New Level: An Analysis Of Inconsistent Behavior In The Brazilian Legal Order, Thiago Luis Sombra
Thiago Luís Santos Sombra
With the changes in the paradigm of voluntarism developed under the protection of liberalism, the bases for legal acts have reached an objective dimension, resulting in the birth of a number of mechanisms of control of private autonomy. Among these mechanisms, we can point out the relevance of those reinforced by the Roman Law, whose high ethical value underlines one of its biggest virtues in the control of the exercise of subjective rights. The prohibition of inconsistent behavior, conceived in the brocard venire contra factum proprium, constitutes one of the concepts from the Roman Law renown for the protection of ...
Managing A Homosexual Identity Within A Heteronormative Workplace Environment, 2015 University of Western Ontario
Managing A Homosexual Identity Within A Heteronormative Workplace Environment, Kyle Militello
Sociological Imagination: Western’s Undergraduate Sociology Student Journal
This paper investigates the experiences of openly gay men within the workplace. In exploring the obstacles unique to sexual minorities within the labour market, three common identity management strategies are reviewed. Many studies have documented not only the existence of sexual orientation-based workplace discrimination but also its prevalence within contemporary society. In arguing for the importance of acceptance-based education, this paper advocates for increased tolerance within the workplace.
Hmda, Housing Segregation, And Racial Disparities In Mortgage Lending, 2015 University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Hmda, Housing Segregation, And Racial Disparities In Mortgage Lending, Charles M. Lamb Ph.D.
Charles M Lamb Ph.D.
No abstract provided.
Separate And Unequal?: The Problematic Segregation Of Special Populations In Charter Schools Relative To Traditional Public Schools, 2015 California State University - Sacramento
Separate And Unequal?: The Problematic Segregation Of Special Populations In Charter Schools Relative To Traditional Public Schools, Julian Vasquez Heilig
Julian Vasquez Heilig
The extent to which special student populations (ELL, Special Education and Economically Disadvantaged) gain access to charter schools is understudied. In this article we compare the enrollment of high-need special populations in charter schools with non-charter public schools at the state, district, and local levels. State-level dissimilarity analyses show only modest disparities in segregation and access of high-need students within the Texas charter system compared to traditional public schools. However, local-level descriptive and geospatial analyses of charters in a large metropolitan area shows that there are large disparities in the enrollment of high-need students relative to traditional public schools nearby ...
Balancing National Public Policy And Free Trade, 2015 University of Hawaii, William S. Richardson School of Law
Balancing National Public Policy And Free Trade, Diane A. Desierto
Pace International Law Review
In the wake of the impasse between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and India regarding the ratification of the Protocol to the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) that concluded during the Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia on December of 2013, WTO Director-General Roberto Azevedo admitted that while the WTO succeeds in resolving trade disputes and monitoring trade practices, it “has failed to deliver new multilateral results since its creation.” This systemic failure in the trade negotiations pillar of the WTO is evident to all of its 160 Members. It is evident from thirteen years of stalled negotiations under the ...
The Answer To Trial Publicity Is A Better Question, 2015 Murray State University
The Answer To Trial Publicity Is A Better Question, Kevin F. Qualls
Kevin F Qualls
Free-Press/Fair-Trial contests now happen in a new media age. Judicial remedies such as change-of-venue, sequestration, jury admonitions, and gag orders were fashioned in an era that included broadcast radio and television, an emerging cable television industry, and the traditional print media of newspapers and magazines. That content was, to some degree, geographically bound and temporary. Now those judicial remedies are applied in a new media age that extends the reach of traditional media in time and space while offering interactive capability. The efficacy of these remedies is in question. This paper provides an historical overview of how judicial remedies ...