Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, 2015 Legal Studies & Business Ethics/Wharton University of Pennsylvania
Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, Amy Sepinwall
Amy J. Sepinwall
In the paradigmatic case of conscientious objection, the objector claims that his religion forbids him from actively participating in a wrong (e.g., by fighting in a war). In the religious challenges to the Affordable Care Act’s employer mandate, on the other hand, employers claim that their religious convictions forbid them from merely subsidizing insurance through which their employees might commit a wrong (e.g., by using contraception). The understanding of complicity underpinning these challenges is vastly more expansive than what standard legal doctrine or moral theory contemplates. Courts routinely reject claims of conscientious objection to taxes that fund ...
Less Enforcement, More Compliance, 2015 University of Southern California
Less Enforcement, More Compliance, Emily Ryo
A common assumption underlying the current public discourse and legal treatment of unauthorized immigrants is that unauthorized immigrants are lawless individuals who will break the law—any law—in search of economic gain. This notion persists despite substantial empirical evidence to the contrary. This Article examines unauthorized immigrants and their relationship to the law from a novel perspective with original empirical data to make two major contributions. First, I demonstrate that unauthorized immigrants view themselves and their noncompliance with U.S. immigration law in a manner that is strikingly different from the prevalent view of criminality and lawlessness found in ...
How To Maneuver In The World Of Negative Online Reviews, The Important Ethical Considerations For Attorneys, And Changes Needed To Protect The Legal Profession, Angela Goodrum
No abstract provided.
Homonormativity: An Ineffective Way To Approach Queer Politics, 2015 Keene State College
Homonormativity: An Ineffective Way To Approach Queer Politics, Sarah Croitoru
Neoliberal ideals and movements such as the Log Cabin Republicans foster an ignorance of the intersections of race, gender, and class in issues such as marriage equality. Gay marriage, specifically, is a homonormative practice that diminishes other priorities of the sexual politics of the queer community by ignoring the structural forces in our society.
One Small Problem With Administrative Driver’S License Suspension Laws: They Don’T Reduce Drunken Driving, 2015 University of Nevada - Reno
One Small Problem With Administrative Driver’S License Suspension Laws: They Don’T Reduce Drunken Driving, Steve R. Darnell
Steve R Darnell
Only eight states continue to rely on the judicial system to suspend a drunken driver’s license instead of an administrative process. Federal agencies and special interest groups such as Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety press for Administrative License Suspension (ALS) laws arguing these laws reduce drunken driving. While some research supports this view, there is an equally and more compelling literature indicating ALS laws are not effective in reducing drunken driving.
This study analyzed data from eight states that have adopted ALS laws to determine if the ALS laws reduced drunken driving ...
Transformative Teaching And Educational Fair Use After Georgia State, 2015 American University Washington College of Law
Transformative Teaching And Educational Fair Use After Georgia State, Brandon C. Butler
Brandon C. Butler
The Supreme Court has said that copyright’s fair use doctrine is a “First Amendment safety valve” because it ensures that certain crucial cultural activities are not unduly burdened by copyright. While many such activities (criticism, commentary, parody) have benefited from the courts’ increased attention to first amendment values, one such activity, education, has been mired for years in a minimalist, market-based vision of fair use that is largely out of touch with mainstream fair use jurisprudence. The latest installment in the history of educational fair use, the 11th Circuit’s opinion in the Georgia State e-reserves case, may be ...
Shut Up: Pay More: This What You Voted For. Why You Don't See Me At San Francisco's Hall Of Justice, 2015 David D.Butler, PLC, Lawyer
Shut Up: Pay More: This What You Voted For. Why You Don't See Me At San Francisco's Hall Of Justice, David D. Butler
David D. Butler
Urban violence, much of it politically motivated, has driven the taxpaying Middle Class into the suburbs. This has left only the tax eating poor and the tax avoiding rich in the big cities. This has resulted in urban bankruptcy in Detroit and even in California with its gifts of the technological Gold Rush, the Pacific Ocean, and the Sierra Nevada and Santa Lucia Mountains. The poor are more issolated than ever confined to the functional equivalent of no go zones. They speak a differenct language, dress differently, and sell drugs until they are caught and caged, providing good pay and ...
Emerging International Development Law And Traditional International Law - Congruence Or Cleavage?, Edward Kwakwa
Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law
No abstract provided.
Informers Defamation And Public Policy, 2015 Tel-Aviv University
Informers Defamation And Public Policy, Daniel More
Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law
No abstract provided.
Proportionality And The Social Benefits Of Discovery: Out Of Sight And Out Of Mind?, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Proportionality And The Social Benefits Of Discovery: Out Of Sight And Out Of Mind?, Stephen B. Burbank
In this short essay, based on remarks delivered at the 2015 meeting of the AALS Section of Litigation, I use a recent paper by Gelbach and Kobayashi to highlight the risk that, in assessing the proportionality of proposed discovery under the 2015 amendments to Rule 26 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, federal judges will privilege costs over benefits, and private over public interests. The risk arises from the temptation to focus on (1) the interests of those who are present to the detriment of the interests of those who are absent (“the availability heuristic”), and (2) variables that ...
Procedure And Pragmatism, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Procedure And Pragmatism, Stephen B. Burbank
In this essay, prepared as part of a festschrift for the Italian scholar, Michele Taruffo, I portray him as a pragmatic realist of the sort described by Richard Posner in his book, Reflections on Judging. Viewing him as such, I salute Taruffo for challenging the established order in domestic and comparative law thinking about civil law systems, the role of lawyers, courts and precedent in those systems, and also for casting the light of the comparative enterprise on common law systems, particularly that in the United States. Speaking as one iconoclast of another, however, I also raise questions about Taruffo ...
Dogging Darwin: America's Revolt Against The Teaching Of Evolution, 2015 Hofstra University Law School
Dogging Darwin: America's Revolt Against The Teaching Of Evolution, J. Herbie Difonzo, Ruth C. Stern
J. Herbie DiFonzo
More than four in ten Americans believe that God created humans in their present form 10,000 years ago. American antagonism toward the teaching of evolution is deeply rooted in fundamentalist tradition and an aversion to intellectualism. These forces have combined to demonize Charles Darwin to such an extent that sectarian-based legal and political attacks on evolution show no signs of abating. Darwin’s day in court began in 1925 with the famous Scopes Monkey Trial. It continued into the 21st century with Kitzmiller v. Dover Area Schools. Throughout, the core creationist agenda has remained the same, although ...
The American Criminal Code: General Defenses, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The American Criminal Code: General Defenses, Paul H. Robinson, Matthew Kussmaul, Camber Stoddard, Ilya Rudyak, Andreas Kuersten
There are fifty-two bodies of criminal law in the United States. Each stakes out often diverse positions on a range of issues. This article defines the “American rule” for each of the issues relating to general defenses, a first contribution towards creating an “American Criminal Code.”
The article is the result of a several-year research project examining every issue relating to justification, excuse, and non-exculpatory defenses. It determines the majority American position among the fifty-two jurisdictions, and formulates statutory language for each defense that reflects that majority rule. The article also compares and contrasts the majority position to significant minority ...
Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall
Brian M McCall
Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...
Cocktails On Campus: Are Libations A Liability?, 2015 Barry University
Cocktails On Campus: Are Libations A Liability?, Susan S. Bendlin
Susan S. Bendlin
ABSTRACT: By Susan S. Bendlin
An estimated 1,825 college students die each year from alcohol-related, unintentional injuries. Roughly 599,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are injured every year while under the influence of alcohol. Tales of intoxicated college students’ wild, disgusting, and often violent behavior have made the national news. Litigation over alcohol-related incidents on college campuses arises from various situations, including injuries that result from intoxicated students falling, injuries suffered during parties and hazing rituals involving alcohol, and injuries from other assaults that occur after alcohol has been consumed on campus.
At the outset ...
Structural Reform Litigation In American Police Departments, 2015 University of Illinois College of Law
Structural Reform Litigation In American Police Departments, Stephen Rushin
In 1994, Congress passed 42 U.S.C. §14141, a statute authorizing the Attorney General to seek equitable relief against local and state police agencies that are engaged in a pattern or practice of unconstitutional misconduct. Although police departments in some of the nation’s largest cities have now undergone this sort of structural reform litigation, there has been little empirical research on the topic. Drawing on original interviews, court documents, statistical data, and media reports, this Article describes the federal government’s use of structural reform litigation in American police departments and theorizes on its effectiveness. It argues that ...
Free Expression, In-Group Bias, And The Court's Conservatives: A Critique Of The Epstein-Parker-Segal Study, 2015 University of Iowa College of Law
Free Expression, In-Group Bias, And The Court's Conservatives: A Critique Of The Epstein-Parker-Segal Study, Todd E. Pettys
Todd E. Pettys
In a recent, widely publicized study, a prestigious team of political scientists concluded that there is strong evidence of ideological in-group bias among the Supreme Court’s members in First Amendment free-expression cases, with the current four most conservative justices being the Roberts Court’s worst offenders. Beneath the surface of the authors’ conclusions, however, one finds a surprisingly sizable combination of coding errors, superficial case readings, and questionable judgments about litigants’ ideological affiliations. Many of those problems likely flow either from shortcomings that reportedly afflict the Supreme Court Database (the data set that nearly always provides the starting point ...
Life In The Law-Thick World: The Legal Resource Landscape For Ordinary Americans, 2015 University of Southern California Law
Life In The Law-Thick World: The Legal Resource Landscape For Ordinary Americans, Gillian K. Hadfield, Jamie Heine
University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series
Most advanced democracies are thick with law and regulation, rules that structure almost all social and economic relationships. Yet ordinary Americans, unlike their peers in other advanced systems, face this law-thick landscape with relatively few legal resources at their disposal. In this chapter, an updated version of Hadfield Higher Demand Lower Supply? A Comparative Assessment of the Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans (2009), we document what little data exists on the performance of legal markets for non-corporate clients in the U.S. Our results suggest that while the U.S. has nearly twice as many lawyers as comparable countries ...
Ohio And Sports Law, 2015 Central Michigan University
Ohio And Sports Law, Adam Epstein
The purpose of this paper is to offer a broad perspective on how individuals, universities and professional teams associated with the state of Ohio have had a varied impact on sports law in general. Many of the cases and decisions discussed in this paper include familiar incidents and issues involving basketball coach Jim O’Brien, pitcher Andy Oliver, running back Maurice Clarett, sprinter Harry “Butch” Reynolds, high school football player Bobby Martin, Major League Baseball (MLB) manager Pete Rose and others. This article could also be viewed as a starting point for further research involving this Midwestern state also known ...
Law In Regression? Impacts Of Quantitative Research On Law And Regulation, 2015 The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Law In Regression? Impacts Of Quantitative Research On Law And Regulation, David C. Donald
David C. Donald
Quantitative research (QR) has undeniably improved the quality of law- and rulemaking, but it can also present risks for these activities. On the one hand, replacing anecdotal assertions regarding behavior or the effects of rules in an area to be regulated with objective, statistical evidence has advanced the quality of regulatory discourse. On the other hand, because the construction of such evidence often depends on bringing the complex realities of both human behavior and rules designed to govern it into simple, quantified variables, QR findings can at times camouflage complexity, masking real problems. Deceptively objective findings can in this way ...