From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, 2016 SelectedWorks
From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit
In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, 2016 SelectedWorks
Bridging The Gap Between Intent And Status: A New Framework For Modern Parentage, Yehezkel Margalit
The last few decades have witnessed dramatic changes in the conceptualization and methodologies of determining legal parentage in the U.S. and other countries in the western world. Through various sociological shifts, growing social openness and bio-medical innovations, the traditional definitions of family and parenthood have been dramatically transformed. This transformation has led to an acute and urgent need for legal and social frameworks to regulate the process of determining legal parentage. Moreover, instead of progressing in a piecemeal, ad-hoc manner, the framework for determining legal parentage should be comprehensive. Only a comprehensive solution will address the differing needs of ...
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, 2015 Academia Sinica
Preliminary Warnings On 'Constitutional' Idolatry, Brian Christopher Jones
Brian Christopher Jones
Although contemporary societies covet the notion of a written constitution, the UK still stands as one of the few jurisdictions not in possession such a single document. Yet recently there has been renewed discussion regarding whether the UK should draft its own constitution (or at least entrench some form of constitutional law). A recent House of Commons committee report thoroughly analysed this prospect, and many scholars and practitioners consider such a result inevitable. This piece argues that such a document should not be drafted, but if it is, it should surely not be called a "Constitution".
Difficulties arise because over ...
From Reynolds To Lawrence To Brown V. Buhman: Antipolygamy Statutes Sliding On The Slippery Slope Of Same-Sex Marriage, 2015 Univerisity of Texas at Arlington
From Reynolds To Lawrence To Brown V. Buhman: Antipolygamy Statutes Sliding On The Slippery Slope Of Same-Sex Marriage, Stephen L. Baskind
Stephen L Baskind
In 2003 in Lawrence v. Texas (striking Texas’ sodomy law), Justice Scalia predicted in his dissent the end of all morals legislation. If Justice Scalia is correct most, if not all, morals-based legislation may fall. For example, in recent years state laws prohibiting same-sex marriage have fallen to constitutional challenges. Ten years after Lawrence in 2013, a Utah Federal District Court in Brown v. Buhman, though feeling constrained by the 1878 Reynolds case (which rejected a First Amendment challenge to an antipolygamy law), nevertheless at the request of a polygamous family concluded that the cohabitation prong of Utah’s anti-bigamy ...
The Subterranean Counterrevolution: The Supreme Court, The Media, And Litigation Reform, 2015 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Subterranean Counterrevolution: The Supreme Court, The Media, And Litigation Reform, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang
This article is part of a larger project to study the counterrevolution against private enforcement of federal law from an institutional perspective. In a series of articles emerging from the project, we show how the Executive, Congress and the Supreme Court (wielding both judicial power under Article III of the Constitution and delegated legislative power under the Rules Enabling Act) fared in efforts to reverse or dull the effects of statutory and other incentives for private enforcement. An institutional perspective helps to explain the outcome we document: the long-term erosion of the infrastructure of private enforcement as a result of ...
Defensa Posesoria Extrajudicial ¿El Artículo 920°, 921° Del C. C. Y El Artículo 603° Del C. P. C. Es Suficiente?, Ronald Benjamin Jallurana Añamuro
RONALD BENJAMIN Jallurana Añamuro
En rigor, es necesario delinear la naturaleza jurídica de la posesión para fortalecer la defensa posesoria extrajudicial.
Exhibits To Accompany Testimony & Statement Of Dean Hill Rivkin Before The Senate Judiciary Committee (21 April 2015), 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Exhibits To Accompany Testimony & Statement Of Dean Hill Rivkin Before The Senate Judiciary Committee (21 April 2015), Dean H. Rivkin
College of Law Faculty Scholarship
Exhibits to accompany testimony and statement-of-record of Professor Dean Hill Rivkin (The University of Tennessee College of Law), as submitted on April 21, 2015, before a hearing convened by the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary: “Improving Accountability and Oversight of Juvenile Justice Grants.”
Stop Blaming The Prosecutors: The Real Causes Of Wrongful Convictions And Rightful Exonerations, And What Should Be Done To Fix Them, Adam Lamparello, Charles E. Maclean, James J. Berles
Wrongfully convicted and rightfully exonerated criminal defendants spent, on average, ten years in prison before exoneration, and the ramifications to the defendants, the criminal justice system, and society are immeasurable.Prosecutorial misconduct, however, is not the primary cause of wrongful convictions. To begin with, although more than twenty million new adult criminal cases are opened in state and federal courts each year throughout the United States, there have been only 1,281 total exonerations over the last twenty-five years. In only six percent of those cases was prosecutorial misconduct the predominant factor resulting in those wrongful convictions. Of course, although ...
Metaphysical Univocity And The Immanent Frame: Defending Religious Liberty In A Secular Age?, 2015 George Mason University School of Law
Metaphysical Univocity And The Immanent Frame: Defending Religious Liberty In A Secular Age?, Harry G. Hutchison
Harry G. Hutchison
This article is the first installment of three articles. This article examines and appropriates concepts such as metaphysical univocity (a scheme initiated by John Duns Scotus and enriched by insights proffered by Muslim philosopher Ibn Sīnā) and then considers the immanent frame as part of my defense of religious liberty. The second installment applies my defense to current controversies in the United States. The third installment utilizes ideas and concepts from the first two articles as part of a comparative study of religious liberty in Turkey wherein I considers the status of religious minorities within Turkey’s borders. This tri-part ...
Injuries That Matter: Manufacturing Damage In Negligence, 2015 Cardiff Law School, Cardiff University
Injuries That Matter: Manufacturing Damage In Negligence, Nicolette M. Priaulx
Nicolette M Priaulx
This paper questions the extent to which the concept of damage within the English law of negligence reflects our human experience of personal harm. My interest is in the essential nature of the damage concept, in particular, whether it can be assessed as being driven by normative concerns, or simply a device driven by the policy of control and limitation. While negligence does not offer universal coverage in responding to harm, the paper pays close attention to points where it is encouraged to embrace new forms of damage. Of interest are types of personal harm which have triggered legal debate ...
Deconstructing Infanticide, 2015 University of Ottawa
Deconstructing Infanticide, Eric Vallillee
Western Journal of Legal Studies
The offence of infanticide is allegedly based in debunked and sexist ideas about women and pregnancy. This article demonstrates that this offence is both necessary and beneficial regardless of its alleged basis. This article outlines the elements of infanticide and examines the legislative history from Medieval England to its adoption in Canada before discussing contemporary discourses on infanticide with a particular focus on the application of modern medical science. This work argues there are two issues with the current offence: (1) the requirement of a “disturbed mind” in the accused resulting from childbirth or lactation; and (2) the lack of ...
Canadian Mortgage Law And Prepayment Penalties, 2015 University of Toronto
Canadian Mortgage Law And Prepayment Penalties, Peter Spiro
Western Journal of Legal Studies
This article illustrates the imbalance of power between the mortgagor and mortgagee, which is particularly apparent for individual mortgagors. Prepayment and due on sale provisions are standard mortgage terms that contribute to this imbalance. Although these clauses purport to operate separately, in reality, both are frequently triggered by the sale of a property; the law of contract suggests that these provisions should not be enforceable. Relevant legislation is lacking in this area and should be reformed to provide more effective consumer protection while acknowledging that banks operate with the goal of maximizing business. A reasonable compromise would involve basing the ...
Why There Should Be No Constitutional Right To Contact Counsel From A Police Car, 2015 University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Why There Should Be No Constitutional Right To Contact Counsel From A Police Car, Terry Skolnik
Western Journal of Legal Studies
The Supreme Court of Canada has yet to consider whether there is a constitutional right to use a cell phone to contact legal counsel while detained in a police car. This article argues that it should not be recognized as a constitutional right for three principal reasons. First, recent judicial interpretations of the constitutional right to counsel have foreclosed the possibility of detained and arrested persons using their own cell phones to call a lawyer from a police car. Second, allowing detainees to use their cell phones to contact counsel can create unreasonable risks to public safety and undermine the ...
Negotiation Ethics: Proposals For Reform To The Law Society Of Upper Canada's Rules Of Professional Conduct, 2015 Brown and Partners LLP and Osgoode Hall Law School
Negotiation Ethics: Proposals For Reform To The Law Society Of Upper Canada's Rules Of Professional Conduct, George Tsakalis
Western Journal of Legal Studies
Creating a comprehensive code of negotiation ethics for lawyers is a contentious issue. The Law Society of Upper Canada’s Rules of Professional Conduct currently offers little guidance regarding appropriate behaviour of lawyers during negotiations. Detractors argue that the negotiation process is too complex and fluid to be codified. This criticism is not fatal to the case for a code of negotiation ethics. Lawyers have moral and ethical standards within the profession and responsibilities to the public as conduits to legal remedies. This paper argues a code of legal ethics is necessary to uphold these standards. Such a framework should ...
R V Fearon Case Commentary, 2015 Western University
R V Fearon Case Commentary, Western Journal Of Legal Studies Editorial Board
Western Journal of Legal Studies
The widespread use of smart phones and similar devices for data management has created significant constitutional and criminal law issues. This is evident in the context of protection by the Charter with respect to unreasonable search and seizure. When an individual’s section 8 rights are breached, an assessment of the admissibility of evidence under section 24(2) of the Charter is required. In R v Fearon, the Supreme Court of Canada established new limits on the police power to search cell phones and similar devices incident to arrest. Cromwell J stated that these measures do not “represent the only ...
Newsroom: A New Voice For Access To Justice, 2015 Roger Williams University
Newsroom: A New Voice For Access To Justice, Roger Williams University School Of Law
Life of the Law School (1993- )
No abstract provided.
The Hypocrisy Of "Equal But Separate" In The Courtroom: A Lens For The Civil Rights Era, 2015 Harvard University
The Hypocrisy Of "Equal But Separate" In The Courtroom: A Lens For The Civil Rights Era, Jaimie K. Mcfarlin
Jaimie K. McFarlin
This article serves to examine the role of the courthouse during the Jim Crow Era and the early stages of the Civil Rights Movement, as courthouses fulfilled their dual function of minstreling Plessy’s call for “equality under the law” and orchestrating overt segregation.
Cleaning The Muck Of Ages From The Windows Into The Soul Of Income Tax, 2015 University of Wollongong; Australian National University
Cleaning The Muck Of Ages From The Windows Into The Soul Of Income Tax, John Passant
The aim of this paper is to provide readers with an insight into Marx’s methods as a first step to understanding income tax more generally but with specific reference to Australia’s income tax system. I do this by introducing readers to the ideas about the totality that is capitalism, appearance and form, and the dialectic in Marx’s hands. This will involve looking at income tax as part of the bigger picture of capitalism, and understanding that all things are related and changes in one produce changes in all. Appearances can be deceptive and we need to delve ...
Public Actors In Private Markets: Toward A Developmental Finance State, 2015 Cornell Law School
Public Actors In Private Markets: Toward A Developmental Finance State, Robert C. Hockett, Saule T. Omarova
Robert C. Hockett
The recent financial crisis brought into sharp relief fundamental questions about the social function and purpose of the financial system, including its relation to the “real” economy. This Article argues that, to answer these questions, we must recapture a distinctively American view of the proper relations among state, financial market, and development. This programmatic vision – captured in what we call a “developmental finance state” – is based on three key propositions: (1) that economic and social development is not an “end-state” but a continuing national policy priority; (2) that the modalities of finance are the most potent means of fueling continuous ...
Acting White? Or Acting Affluent? A Book Review Of Acting White? Rethinking Race In "Post-Racial" America, 2015 University of California, Davis
Acting White? Or Acting Affluent? A Book Review Of Acting White? Rethinking Race In "Post-Racial" America, Lisa R. Pruitt
Lisa R Pruitt
Acting White? Rethinking Race in “Post-Racial” America (2013) is the latest installment in Devon Carbado and Mitu Gulati’s decade-plus collaboration regarding issues of race and employment. This review lauds the book’s comprehensive treatment of the double bind that racial minorities—especially blacks—experience within principally white institutions. In this volume, the authors expand on their prior employment-centered work to consider, for example, Barack and Michelle Obama’s presence on the national political stage, racial identity and performance in the context of higher education admissions, and racial profiling by law enforcement. With a focus on intra-racial diversity, Carbado and ...