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The Internet And The Hobbs Act: What’S The Connection?, Lucas G. Spremulli 2021 Boston College Law School

The Internet And The Hobbs Act: What’S The Connection?, Lucas G. Spremulli

Boston College Law Review

The Hobbs Act provides a federal alternative to traditional state robbery charges by criminalizing any robbery that affects interstate commerce. Courts have interpreted the Hobbs Act’s commerce element broadly, by requiring the government to demonstrate that a robbery had a de minimis effect on interstate commerce. With this standard, robberies of businesses generally satisfy the statute’s commerce element, but robberies of individuals often do not. This difference between a state and a federal robbery charge is significant, because the Hobbs Act generally carries substantially harsher penal sentences. This Note examines when the use of the internet in the ...


إنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

إنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم

Journal Sharia and Law

تعليق على حكم محكمة العين الجنائية الابتدائية الصادر في 18/9/1991 في شقه المدنية والقاضي بإنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم

تعليق- غير محكم


Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professor Susan Carle In Support Of The Plaintiffs Arguing For Affirmance In Johnson And Tinker V. City Of Boston, Ma, Susan Carle 2021 American University Washington College of Law

Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professor Susan Carle In Support Of The Plaintiffs Arguing For Affirmance In Johnson And Tinker V. City Of Boston, Ma, Susan Carle

Amicus Briefs

This brief is being submitted by a law professor, Susan D. Carle, with more than 30 years of expertise in federal employment and antidiscrimination law, and especially the history and purposes of disparate impact law. She submits this brief to share her expertise with this Court. She is currently Professor of Law and Vice Dean of American University Washington College of Law (organizational affiliation is offered for identification purposes only).


Leslie Salt V. United States: Section 404 Jurisdiction Over Artificial Wetlands, Sylvia Cosby, Christopher Paul 2021 University of Kentucky

Leslie Salt V. United States: Section 404 Jurisdiction Over Artificial Wetlands, Sylvia Cosby, Christopher Paul

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Jurisdiction Over Water Quality On Native American Lands, Charlotte Uram, Mary J. Decker 2021 Landels, Ripley & Diamond

Jurisdiction Over Water Quality On Native American Lands, Charlotte Uram, Mary J. Decker

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Federalism Limits On Non-Article Iii Adjudication, F. Andrew Hessick 2021 Pepperdine University

Federalism Limits On Non-Article Iii Adjudication, F. Andrew Hessick

Pepperdine Law Review

Although Article III of the Constitution vests the federal judicial power in the Article III courts, the Supreme Court has created a patchwork of exceptions permitting non-Article III tribunals to adjudicate various disputes. In doing so, the Court has focused on the separation of powers, concluding that these non-Article III adjudications do not unduly infringe on the judicial power of the Article III courts. But separation of powers is not the only consideration relevant to the lawfulness of non-Article III adjudication. Article I adjudications also implicate federalism. Permitting Article I tribunals threatens the role of state courts by expanding federal ...


“Drive-By” Jurisdiction: Congressional Oversight In Court, Daniel Epstein 2021 Pepperdine University

“Drive-By” Jurisdiction: Congressional Oversight In Court, Daniel Epstein

Pepperdine Law Review

On July 9, 2020, in Trump v. Mazars USA, LLP and Trump v. Deutsche Bank AG, the Supreme Court held that the lower courts did not adequately consider the separation of powers concerns attendant to congressional subpoenas for presidential information. Given that the question presented in Mazars concerned whether Congress had a legitimate legislative purpose in subpoenaing the President’s personal records, the Supreme Court’s decision is anything but a model of clarity. The Court simultaneously opined that disputes “involving nonprivileged, private information” “do[ ] not implicate sensitive Executive Branch deliberations” while claiming “congressional subpoenas for the President’s information ...


Consent By Registration: The "Back-Door Thief", Nate Arrington 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Consent By Registration: The "Back-Door Thief", Nate Arrington

Arkansas Law Review

Consider this personal jurisdiction quandary: A growing Arizona company wants to start expanding into other states. The company is incorporated in Delaware and has its principal place of business in Arizona. It decides to make the leap and begins registering to do business in a few surrounding states, including New Mexico. The registration seems straightforward and does not mention anything about jurisdiction. After the registration, but before conducting any business in New Mexico, a Kentucky resident decides to sue the Arizona-based corporation. The suit is based on an alleged tort occurring in Utah, and the plaintiff files the lawsuit in ...


Toto, I'Ve A Feeling The Environment Isn't Safe From Cryptocurrency Anymore: The Degrading Ecological Effects Of Bitcoin And Digital Currencies, Samantha T. Edgell 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Toto, I'Ve A Feeling The Environment Isn't Safe From Cryptocurrency Anymore: The Degrading Ecological Effects Of Bitcoin And Digital Currencies, Samantha T. Edgell

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, Olivia Merritt 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, Olivia Merritt

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Ukraine V. The Russian Federation: Navigating Conflict Over Sovereignty Under Unclos, Nilüfer Oral 2021 National University Singapore

Ukraine V. The Russian Federation: Navigating Conflict Over Sovereignty Under Unclos, NilüFer Oral

International Law Studies

Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, or according to Russia, its accession following a referendum, Ukraine brought several international cases against the Russian Federation, including two cases under Annex VII of UNCLOS: The Dispute Concerning Coastal State Rights in the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Kerch Strait in 2016 and The Detention of Three Ukrainian Naval Vessels in 2019. At the center of these disputes is the conflict between Ukraine and Russia over sovereignty of Crimea. Russia contested jurisdiction in all cases invoking different exceptions under UNCLOS, including the argument that the dispute concerns sovereignty over Crimea ...


The Applicable Law To The Divorce Of Moroccans Residing Abroad And Its Effects, Abdul Samad Abbou 2021 PhD in Private Law, Research Professor at the University of Moulay Ismail, Multi-disciplinary College, Errachidia

The Applicable Law To The Divorce Of Moroccans Residing Abroad And Its Effects, Abdul Samad Abbou

Journal Sharia and Law

Divorce is one of the most systems that embodies conflict of laws, which reflected negatively on the organization of divorce Moroccan immigrants, and on the stability of the European community, especially the European judiciary had ruled out the application of the Personal Status Code on divorce for being in breach of the defense and the principle of liberty and equality rights between men and women, which It violates the legal systems of these countries, which derives its authority from the international human rights conventions, and the evolution of the points of attachment in Europe to renounce citizenship officer contributed to ...


Egyptian Public Law Judge: Reviewing Public Economic Policies From Nationalization To Privatization, omar el menshawy 2021 American University in Cairo

Egyptian Public Law Judge: Reviewing Public Economic Policies From Nationalization To Privatization, Omar El Menshawy

Theses and Dissertations

Do public law judges play a role in public economic policies in Egypt? Egypt has witnessed rough changes, leading to the adoption of different public economic policies. Public law judges have played a key role in these economic shifts. However, the efficacy of this role is pending on the satisfaction or dissatisfaction of the government with the courts and the judicial decisions. This paper argues that the government posses the upper hand in dealing with the judicial influence in economic issues in Egypt. The paper scrutinizes the transformation in the judicial attitude towards government economic policies. Specifically, the paper demarcates ...


United States Food Law Update: The Fda Food Safety Modernization Act, Obesity And Deceptive Labeling Enforcement, A. Bryan Endres, Nicholas R. Johnson 2021 University of Illinois

United States Food Law Update: The Fda Food Safety Modernization Act, Obesity And Deceptive Labeling Enforcement, A. Bryan Endres, Nicholas R. Johnson

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The long-awaited enactment of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the most significant amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in several decades, provides the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with significantly enhanced jurisdiction to close some of the gaps in the domestic food safety system. The enhanced FDA authority, however, will have little impact on the shared governance system at the federal level that involves multiple agencies, as the Act does not address the U.S. General Accounting Office's (GAO) repeated calls for consolidation of the fragmented federal food safety system. Rather, the Act perpetuates ...


Food Entrepreneurs And Food Safety Regulation, Nina W. Tarr 2021 University of Illinois

Food Entrepreneurs And Food Safety Regulation, Nina W. Tarr

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The green wave of environmental advertising among organic food producers, distributors, and retailers begun during the 1990s has become an all-out green tsunami. The organic food market is the fastest growing segment of the American food industry. Consumers are increasingly becoming aware of the impact their purchases have on several environmental issues. As a result, those consumers are becoming more aware of their spending power and are willingly altering their buying practices to purchase from companies that emphasize environmental responsibility. In fact, some retailers' inventory is already being scanned for alternative green products by their customers' iPhones because, guess what ...


The Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Deeds: A Study Of The Provision Of Article 49 Of Kuwait Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relationships With Foreign Elements Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Contract: A Study Of Article 49 Of Kuwaiti Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relations With Foreign Parties, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

The Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Deeds: A Study Of The Provision Of Article 49 Of Kuwait Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relationships With Foreign Elements Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Contract: A Study Of Article 49 Of Kuwaiti Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relations With Foreign Parties

Journal Sharia and Law

This paper addresses the question of the law applicable to a trademark gift deed involving a foreign element as trademarks have become movable, intangible assets that can be transferred to third parties. The significance of studying the applicable law lies in the fact that it helps identify the law applicable to a trademark gift deed that involves a foreign element pursuant to Article 49 of Kuwait Law No. 5 of 1961. This paper attempts to clearly characterise a gift deed in order to avoid confusion with other forms of deeds, such as sale deeds and wills. It also tries to ...


The Contribution Of Eu Law To The Regulation Of Online Speech, Luc von Danwitz 2021 University of Michigan Law School

The Contribution Of Eu Law To The Regulation Of Online Speech, Luc Von Danwitz

Michigan Technology Law Review

Internet regulation in the European Union (EU) is receiving significant attention and criticism in the United States. The European Court of Justice’s (ECJ) judgment in the case Glawischnig-Piesczek v. Facebook Ireland, in which the ECJ found a take-down order against Facebook for defamatory content with global effect permissible under EU law, was closely scrutinized in the United States. These transsystemic debates are valuable but need to be conducted with a thorough understanding of the relevant legal framework and its internal logic. This note aims to provide the context to properly assess the role the ECJ and EU law play ...


School “Safety” Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani 2021 Seattle University School of Law

School “Safety” Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani

Seattle University Law Review

In the wake of George Floyd’s murder and efforts to achieve racial justice through systemic reform, this Article argues that widespread “security” measures in public schools, including embedded law enforcement officers, jump constitutional guardrails. These measures must be rethought in light of their negative impact on all children and in favor of more effective—and constitutionally compliant—alternatives to promote school safety. The Black Lives Matter, #DefundthePolice, #abolishthepolice, and #DefundSchoolPolice movements shine a timely and bright spotlight on how the prisonization of public schools leads to the mistreatment of children, particularly children with disabilities, boys, Black and brown children ...


Duress In Immigration Law, Elizabeth A. Keyes 2021 Seattle University School of Law

Duress In Immigration Law, Elizabeth A. Keyes

Seattle University Law Review

The doctrine of duress is common to other bodies of law, but the application of the duress doctrine is both unclear and highly unstable in immigration law. Outside of immigration law, a person who commits a criminal act out of well-placed fear of terrible consequences is different than a person who willingly commits a crime, but American immigration law does not recognize this difference. The lack of clarity leads to certain absurd results and demands reimagining, redefinition, and an unequivocal statement of the significance of duress in ascertaining culpability. While there are inevitably some difficult lines to be drawn in ...


Avoiding Flights Of Fancy: Determining Venue For Crimes Committed During Commercial Flights, Allyson Shumaker 2021 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Avoiding Flights Of Fancy: Determining Venue For Crimes Committed During Commercial Flights, Allyson Shumaker

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


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