Foreign Antisuit Injunctions And The Settlement Effect, 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Foreign Antisuit Injunctions And The Settlement Effect, Connor Cohen
Northwestern University Law Review
International parallel proceedings, which are concurrent identical or similar lawsuits in multiple countries, often ask courts to balance efficiency and fairness against the speculative fear of insulting foreign nations. Some litigants abuse foreign duplicative litigation to exhaust their opponents’ resources and pressure them into settling out of court. This Note provides the first empirical evidence of such abuse of international parallel proceedings: when courts deny motions to enjoin foreign parallel litigation, the settlement rate rises significantly. Considering the results of this empirical project and its limitations, I encourage future studies on international parallel proceedings and settlement. I also argue for ...
Acid Rain: Detoxifying Diversity Jurisdiction’S Poisonous Cycle, 2022 Brigham Young University
Acid Rain: Detoxifying Diversity Jurisdiction’S Poisonous Cycle, Baerett Nelson, Gavyn Roedel
Brigham Young University Prelaw Review
Diversity jurisdiction authorizes federal courts to act as impartial tribunals over certain matters of state law. To preserve states' judicial sovereignty, the US Supreme Court has prohibited diversity courts from directly interpreting state law, holding that federal courts must "predict" the legal outcome as if a state court had adjudicated. However, litigant abuse hinders consistency in legal outcomes. Discrepancies between courts spur forum shopping, which cyclically generates more legal incongruence. This paper identifies a "toxic cycle" plaguing diversity jurisdiction and offers five prescriptions which courts and Congress must use to reverse it.
Globalism’S Impact On The Geopolitics Of The Middle East, 2022 Liberty University
Globalism’S Impact On The Geopolitics Of The Middle East, Emily Patterson
Senior Honors Theses
The important geography of the Middle East contributes to the unquestionable value of the region in international relations. Through examining the origin of geopolitics as well as the relevant political theories, and then applying these theories to the current state of the Middle East, it is evident that the geography of the Middle East has impacted the region’s international significance and stability. Understanding the unique geography assists in explaining the region’s current turmoil. The opposing interests in religion, land, and power catalyze tensions across the Middle East, producing an unstable environment around trade route chokepoints and disputed territories ...
Health Choice Or Health Coercion? The Osha Emergency Temporary Standard Covid-19 Vaccination Mandates: Ax Or Vax, Savannah Snyder
Helm's School of Government Conference
No abstract provided.
Tijuana River Valley Pollution: How The Environmental Protection Agency Expects To End A Ninety-Year Environmental And Public Health Crisis, 2022 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law
Tijuana River Valley Pollution: How The Environmental Protection Agency Expects To End A Ninety-Year Environmental And Public Health Crisis, Andrew Simmons
Villanova Environmental Law Journal
No abstract provided.
Race And Washington’S Criminal Justice System: 2021 Report To The Washington Supreme Court, 2022 University of Washington School of Law
Race And Washington’S Criminal Justice System: 2021 Report To The Washington Supreme Court, Task Force 2.0
Washington Law Review
RACE & WASHINGTON’S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM:
As Editors-in-Chief of the Washington Law Review, Gonzaga Law Review, and Seattle University Law Review, we represent the flagship legal academic publications of each law school in Washington State. Our publications last joined together to publish the findings of the first Task Force on Race and the Criminal Justice System in 2011/12. A decade later, we are honored to join once again to present the findings of Task Force 2.0. Law journals have enabled generations of legal professionals to introduce, vet, and distribute new ideas, critiques of existing legal ...
State Spoliation Claims In Federal District Courts, 2022 Northern Illinois University College of Law
State Spoliation Claims In Federal District Courts, Jeffrey A. Parness
Catholic University Law Review
The increasing amounts of electronically stored information (ESI) relevant to civil litigation, and the ease of their loss, caused federal lawmakers explicitly to address the possible consequences of certain pre-suit or post-suit ESI losses. These lawmakers acted in both 2006 and 2015 through Federal Civil Procedure (FRCP) 37(e). But they acted only on certain ESI. Their actions have prompted increasing attention to the significant risks of pre-suit and post-suit losses of all ESI, and of non-ESI, otherwise discoverable in civil actions. In addition, their actions have spurred increasing attention to the availability of substantive law claims involving spoliation of ...
James Madison And Strict Constructionism, 2022 Liberty University
James Madison And Strict Constructionism, Drew Lemay
Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy
The United States Constitution has been a battleground between loose and strict constructionism since it was first ratified by the original thirteen colonies. To this day, the debate has continued to rage on across political groups. The question that remains to be answered is which method of interpretation did the Founding Fathers subscribe and intend to be utilized for the following generations. This essay seeks to partially answer that question by analyzing the view of one particular Founder: James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution.”
Omar Effendi Vs. Union Fenosa: Corruption As A Transnational Public Policy Consideration, 2022 American University in Cairo
Omar Effendi Vs. Union Fenosa: Corruption As A Transnational Public Policy Consideration, Ahmed Badr Eldin
Theses and Dissertations
At the beginning of 2011, Egypt witnessed radical political developments that led to the emergence of a pressing tendency to adjudicate the collapsed regime’s policies and practices. Shortly thereafter, the Egyptian State Council issued a number of judicial decisions that confirmed that the sale of the privatized governmental enterprises had been tainted by corruption. Crucially, the Court maintained that flagrant breach of law, regulations, and administrative orders that encompassed these transactions created serious suspicions about corruption committed by public officials and investors. It concluded that the existence of corruption, as a transnational public policy consideration, had deprived foreign investors ...
The Judicialization Of Mega-Politics In Egypt’S Administrative Courts: Insight Into The Rulings Of The Egyptian State Council (2000-2020), 2022 American University in Cairo
The Judicialization Of Mega-Politics In Egypt’S Administrative Courts: Insight Into The Rulings Of The Egyptian State Council (2000-2020), Ahmed Kamal Bastawisy
Theses and Dissertations
The interrelationship between law, courts and politics has always been complex and multidimensional. The role and political significance of courts are prominent dimensions of this interrelationship. Over the past decades, there has been global expansion of judicial power, in parallel with the proliferation of modern constitutionalism principles. One of the fundamental manifestations of this trend is the judicialization of politics- the reliance on courts for addressing pivotal social, economic, moral and political controversies and public policy questions. This phenomenon manifests profound transfer of power from representative institutions, mainly legislatures and executives, to judiciaries. Political importance of courts expanded, in scope ...
Bond, Jinxed Bond: Advocating For The Repeal Of The Statutory Ban On Federal Review Of Discretionary Bond Determinations Under 8 U.S.C. § 1226(E), Chelsea B. Eddy
Boston College Law Review
On average, the government detained a daily population of 19,416 noncitizens in fiscal year 2021. Of the 22,712 bond hearings immigration courts held during this same period, judges denied bond in sixty-nine percent of the cases. Despite the fact that many of these individuals could spend months or even years in detention, the decision of whether to detain belongs exclusively to the Executive Branch, and usually a single immigration judge, without opportunity for judicial review. Consequently, the lack of opportunity to contest the immigration judges’ decisions in federal court has in part led to the prolonged detention of ...
Muskrat Textualism, 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Muskrat Textualism, Matthew L.M. Fletcher
Northwestern University Law Review
The Supreme Court decision McGirt v. Oklahoma, confirming the boundaries of the Creek Reservation in Oklahoma, was a truly rare case in which the Court turned back arguments by federal and state governments in favor of American Indian and tribal interests. For more than a century, Oklahomans had assumed that the reservation had been terminated and acted accordingly. But only Congress can terminate an Indian reservation, and it simply had never done so in the case of the Creek Reservation. Both the majority and dissenting opinions attempted to claim the mantle of textualism, but their respective analyses led to polar ...
White Collar Crime Between Law And Reality, 2022 Jinan University
White Collar Crime Between Law And Reality, Alissar Farhat, Saed Yakan
Al Jinan الجنان
White collars crimes are considered one of the most serious dilemmas facing the modern world, due to the emergence of many criminal organizations and the expansion of their illegal activity as a result of the development of means of transportation, communication and information technology. Therefore, this made it easier for these organizations to exploit this development to their advantage, making it difficult for individual countries to fight this type of organized crime, which led to the need of international cooperation in combatting them. These crimes are increasing by number every day and are no longer occurring in developing countries only ...
How The Cia, Fbi, And Presidential Administrations Failed To Prevent 9/11, 2022 Claremont Colleges
How The Cia, Fbi, And Presidential Administrations Failed To Prevent 9/11, Samantha Mcbride
CMC Senior Theses
This thesis examines the way the CIA, FBI, and Presidential Administrations failed to prevent the 9/11 attacks. Through analysis and research of intelligence, investigations, and military orders, this thesis aims to bring awareness of the mistakes and mishandling of intelligence by the United States intelligence community. Each critical intelligence and investigation is analyzed by how they were mishandled, why they were mishandled, and how they should have been handled. Based on the evidence and investigations done on the mishandlings of intelligence, this thesis argues that the CIA, FBI, President Clinton, and President Bush failed to protect the United States ...
Liberalism Triumphant? Ideology And The En Banc Process In The Ninth Circuit Court Of Appeals, 2022 University of Pittsburgh School of Law
Liberalism Triumphant? Ideology And The En Banc Process In The Ninth Circuit Court Of Appeals, Arthur D. Hellman
There are two things that everyone knows about the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals: it is very large, and it is very liberal. But common knowledge is sometimes wrong. Is that the case here?
About the first point – the Ninth Circuit’s size – there can be no dispute. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has 29 authorized judgeships, almost twice as many as the second-largest court. But what about the second point – the liberalism? Knowledgeable commentators, including Professor (now Dean) Erwin Chemerinsky, have disputed the characterization, calling it a “myth.”
Until now, no one has empirically tested whether the Ninth ...
The Justiciability Of Cancelled Patents, 2022 Chicago-Kent College of Law
The Justiciability Of Cancelled Patents, Greg Reilly
Washington and Lee Law Review
The recent expansion of the Patent Office’s power to invalidate issued patents raises a coordination problem when there is concurrent litigation, particularly where the federal courts have already upheld the patent’s validity. The Federal Circuit has concluded that Patent Office cancellation extinguishes litigation pending at any stage and requires vacating prior decisions in the case. This rule is widely criticized on doctrinal, policy, and separation of powers grounds. Yet the Federal Circuit has reached (almost) the right outcome, except for the wrong reasons. Both the Federal Circuit and its critics overlook that the Federal Circuit’s rule reflects ...
Remembrance, Group Gripes, And Legal Frictions: Rule Of Law Or Awful Lore?, 2022 Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Remembrance, Group Gripes, And Legal Frictions: Rule Of Law Or Awful Lore?, Aviam Soifer
Touro Law Review
The rise of groups that honor and seek to advance their particular imagined or real pasts has seemed increasingly dangerous in the years since Bob Cover’s death in 1986. This essay briefly examines the challenges such groups pose to Bob’s hope, and even his faith, that law and legal procedure could be bridges to more just worlds. It may not be ours to finish consideration of how to distinguish the Rule of Law from Awful Lore—both composed of exactly the same letters—but we should continue that task, with remembrance, even within our troubled world.
Framework For Enhanced Applicability Of The Egyptian Public Procurement Law To International Administrative Construction Contracts, 2021 American University in Cairo
Framework For Enhanced Applicability Of The Egyptian Public Procurement Law To International Administrative Construction Contracts, Amr Abu Helw
Theses and Dissertations
Local governments and public authorities conclude contracts for the purpose of acquisition of goods, delivery of services and construction of public facilities like bridges, infrastructures and public buildings. A public contract is an agreement to perform particular tasks financed by government funds to the benefit of the whole community. Private entities and corporations are subject to stricter standards in their dealings with the government than in private transactions. Conversely, the government must deal fairly and equitably with those who it contracted with to achieve successful implementation of the projects. On October 3, 2018, a new Egyptian public procurement law, namely ...
Autonomous Weapons Systems And The Procedural Accounta- Bility Gap, 2021 Brooklyn Law School
Autonomous Weapons Systems And The Procedural Accounta- Bility Gap, Afonso Seixas-Nunes
Brooklyn Journal of International Law
The development and well-established principles of Internationla Humanitarian Law have been progressively establishing limits to the means and methods of warfare. Those principles and rules are necessarily applicable to future autonomous weapon systems (AWS), but questions regarding liability for violations of IHL caused by AWS have been looming the international debate. This article has two parts. The first part aims to identify a technical dimension of AWS that has been neglected by international lawyers: States responsibility for IHL violations caused by errors in AWS’ software. This article argues that “errors” can neither be identified with “malfunctions” nor attributed to human ...
Forum Selection Clauses, Non-Signatories, And Personal Jurisdiction, 2021 Reef C. Ivey II Distinguished Professor of Law, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Forum Selection Clauses, Non-Signatories, And Personal Jurisdiction, John F. Coyle, Robin J. Effron
Notre Dame Law Review
Who is bound by a forum selection clause? At first glance, the answer to this question may seem obvious. It is black letter law that a person cannot be bound to an agreement without her consent. In recent years, however, courts have not followed this rule with respect to forum selection clauses. Instead, they routinely enforce these clauses against individuals who never signed the contract containing the clause. Courts justify this practice on the grounds that it promotes litigation efficiency by bringing all of the litigants together in the chosen forum. There are, however, problems with enforcing forum selection clauses ...