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The New Phoenix: Maine's Innovative Standards For Guardians Ad Litem, Dana E. Prescott 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The New Phoenix: Maine's Innovative Standards For Guardians Ad Litem, Dana E. Prescott

Maine Law Review

In a 2014 article in the Maine Law Review, the author reviewed the historical and legal foundations for guardian ad litem (GAL) appointments by judges on behalf of children in Maine. GALs are appointed to provide the court with investigative facts and recommendations concerning the best interest of a child. The implications and frustrations expressed during political and policy discussions reflect a broader national debate deeply rooted in the power of family law courts when child custody or abuse and neglect are alleged. Whether in the form of child protection or child custody litigation, the sheer volume and complexity of ...


From Orphans To Families In Crisis: Parental Rights Matters In Maine Probate Courts, Deirdre M. Smith 2017 University of Maine School of Law

From Orphans To Families In Crisis: Parental Rights Matters In Maine Probate Courts, Deirdre M. Smith

Maine Law Review

This Article examines the sources of the contemporary problems associated with the adjudication of parental rights matters in Maine's probate courts and identifies specific reforms to address both the structural and substantive law problems. The Article first reviews the development of Maine's probate courts and their jurisdiction over parental rights matters. It traces the expansion of jurisdiction over children and families from a limited role incidental to the administration of a decedent's estate to the current scope—a range of matters that may result in the limitation, suspension, or termination of the rights of living parents. Maine ...


Agree To Disagree: Moving Tennessee Toward Pure No-Fault Divorce, Evan Wright 2017 Lincoln Memorial University Duncan School of Law

Agree To Disagree: Moving Tennessee Toward Pure No-Fault Divorce, Evan Wright

Lincoln Memorial University Law Review

This Note addresses Tennessee's no-fault divorce statute. Currently, married couples are forced to either agree on all issues or prove at least one fault ground. This author contends that the current law imposes an unnecessary burden on litigants, which wastes precious resources that Tennessee families could use for more productive purposes. Moreover, pure no-fault states have not seen a disproportionate rise in divorce rates. Last, pure no-fault divorce better reflects current societal trends and the evolving effect of religious affiliation on how a younger generation defines morality.


Zoning For The Elderly And Family Rights, Ralph J. Libsohn 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Zoning For The Elderly And Family Rights, Ralph J. Libsohn

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Marriage, Millennials, And Massive Student Loan Debt, Victoria J. Haneman 2017 Concordia University School of Law

Marriage, Millennials, And Massive Student Loan Debt, Victoria J. Haneman

Concordia Law Review

The purpose of this Essay is to explore the idea that the student loan indebtedness bearing down upon the majority of today’s college graduates creates economic insecurity that forces borrowers to reject or significantly delay marriage, and that burden, taken together with an already lukewarm Millennial attitude, may not bode well for the future of the institution. Record numbers of Millennials have rejected the traditional path of marriage-homeownership-children, and the percentage of Millennials who will marry by age 40 is projected to fall lower than the figure for any previous generation of Americans. To the extent that marriage is ...


A Call For Change: The Detrimental Impacts Of Crawford V. Washington On Domestic Violence And Rape Prosecutions, Anoosha Rouhanian 2017 George Washington University Law School

A Call For Change: The Detrimental Impacts Of Crawford V. Washington On Domestic Violence And Rape Prosecutions, Anoosha Rouhanian

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

In 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Crawford v. Washington that testimonial hearsay is inadmissible at trial unless the declarant is available for cross-examination. Courts have subsequently struggled to define “testimonial hearsay,” but have often vaguely defined it as an out-of-court statement made for the primary purpose of establishing past events for use in future prosecution. Although Crawford intended to protect a defendant’s Sixth Amendment right to confrontation, in doing so, it overlooked the holding’s detrimental effects on two particular types of victims: domestic violence and rape victims. Under Crawford, domestic violence and rape victims’ out-of-court ...


The Effects Of The Hypothetical Putative Confession And Negatively-Valenced Yes/No Questions On Maltreated And Non-Maltreated Children's Dislcosure Of A Minor Transgression, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Kelly McWilliams, Thomas D. Lyon 2017 Arizona State University

The Effects Of The Hypothetical Putative Confession And Negatively-Valenced Yes/No Questions On Maltreated And Non-Maltreated Children's Dislcosure Of A Minor Transgression, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Kelly Mcwilliams, Thomas D. Lyon

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This study examined the effects of the hypothetical putative confession (telling children “What if I said that [the suspect] told me everything that happened and he wants you to tell the truth?”) and negatively-valenced yes/no questions varying in their explicitness (“Did [toy] break?” vs. “Did something bad happen to the [toy]?”) on 206 4- to 9-year-old maltreated and non-maltreated children’s reports, half of whom had experienced toy breakage and had been admonished to keep the breakage a secret. The hypothetical putative confession increased the likelihood that children disclosed breakage without increasing false reports. The yes/no questions elicited ...


Domestic Violence And Enforcement Of Protection From Abuse Orders: Simple Fixes To Help Prevent Intra-Family Homicide, Nicole R. Bissonette 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Domestic Violence And Enforcement Of Protection From Abuse Orders: Simple Fixes To Help Prevent Intra-Family Homicide, Nicole R. Bissonette

Maine Law Review

Domestic violence has long been recognized as a pressing law enforcement and societal concern, and both federal and state governments have continued to pursue strategies to address the issue. Beyond the criminal threatening, assaults, batteries, and other physical atrocities that victims face, domestic violence provides an added horror—“obliterating personhood, suspending identity and nullifying any notion of personal autonomy.” To address these concerns, legislatures created Protection from Abuse Orders (hereinafter PFAs), to protect those that have been subject to abuse from trusted family members or dating partners. Unfortunately, victims then place their trust in the system, which often fails to ...


Petit V. Adrianzen, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 15 (Apr. 13, 2017), Skyler Sullivan 2017 Nevada Law Journal

Petit V. Adrianzen, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 15 (Apr. 13, 2017), Skyler Sullivan

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considers, as a matter of first impression, the standard of proof to be applied by district courts in resolving initial naming disputes of a child of married parents. The focus should be on the best interest of the child and neither parent should have the burden of proof. The Court held the district court determined the child’s name should be hyphenated to include both parent’s surnames and, in doing so, considered the best interests of the child and, thus, the order is affirmed.


Recognizing Gestational Surrogacy Contracts: "Baby-Steps" Toward Modern Parentage Law In Maine After Nolan V. Labree, Adam Quinlan 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Recognizing Gestational Surrogacy Contracts: "Baby-Steps" Toward Modern Parentage Law In Maine After Nolan V. Labree, Adam Quinlan

Maine Law Review

In Nolan v. LaBree, a husband and wife filed a complaint seeking a judgment declaring their legal parentage of a newborn child born via gestational surrogacy. All parties surrounding the birth of this child entered into a surrogacy contract and are in agreement that the genetic mother and father bringing this suit should be declared as the legal parents. When the child was born, however, the birth certificate did not reflect the intentions of the contract, listing the parents as the surrogate mother and the surrogate mother’s spouse. The trial court, following an uncontested hearing, declared the requested paternity ...


"In Sickness And In Health, Until Death Do Us Part": An Examination Of Fmla Rights For Same-Sex Spouses And A Case Note On Obergefell V. Hodges, Jasmine Foo 2017 Pepperdine University

"In Sickness And In Health, Until Death Do Us Part": An Examination Of Fmla Rights For Same-Sex Spouses And A Case Note On Obergefell V. Hodges, Jasmine Foo

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

This note discusses the history of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) struggle for equal rights alongside the Supreme Court's recent ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges and uses this to examine the potential effect on the rights granted to same-sex spouses by the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA). Part II records the jurisprudence that has slowly evolved over the past forty to fifty years to make the present a more hospitable era for same-sex marriage to take root today. Part III gives a general overview of the FMLA's history and current form. Part IV reviews the facts ...


Sealed Records In Adoptions: The Need For Legislative Reform, Patricia Gallagher Lupack 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Sealed Records In Adoptions: The Need For Legislative Reform, Patricia Gallagher Lupack

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Marriage Contracts For The Mentally Retarded, John B. Murray 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Marriage Contracts For The Mentally Retarded, John B. Murray

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Commitment To And In Marriage, Leon Salzman 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Commitment To And In Marriage, Leon Salzman

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Homosexuality And Validity Of Matrimony - A Study In Homo-Psychosexual Inversion, John Rogg Schmidt 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Homosexuality And Validity Of Matrimony - A Study In Homo-Psychosexual Inversion, John Rogg Schmidt

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


The Law Demands Process For Rehomed Children, Sally Terry Green 2017 Texas Southern University

The Law Demands Process For Rehomed Children, Sally Terry Green

Arkansas Law Review

No abstract provided.


Treatment For Misbehaving Minors, Barbara P. Gertel 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Treatment For Misbehaving Minors, Barbara P. Gertel

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Child Placement: Law And Theory, Joel B. Savit 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Child Placement: Law And Theory, Joel B. Savit

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Obergefell’S Impact On Functional Families, Raymond C. O'Brien 2017 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Obergefell’S Impact On Functional Families, Raymond C. O'Brien

Catholic University Law Review

More than forty percent of children born in America are born to unmarried parents and only half of all cohabitating adults in America are currently married. While many children are born to single parents, others are part of the two-person unmarried cohabiting functional family paradigm. What is the status of these children?

This article examines the changing paradigm of parental status, specifically vis-à-vis homosexual couples with children, and the rights of the non-biological parent after separation. This article examines the changes in law in regards to unmarried parents leading up to the Uniform Parentage Act. It describes the equitable remedies ...


Adultery: Trust And Children, Margaret F. Brinig 2017 Notre Dame Law School

Adultery: Trust And Children, Margaret F. Brinig

Margaret F Brinig

Deborah Rhode writes that while adultery is admittedly not good, it should not be criminal. She argues that it should not generate a tort action either, because the original purposes for which the torts of alienation of affections and criminal conversation come from a time with quite different views about marriage and gender, while no-fault and speedy divorce today give adequate remedies to the wronged spouse. Further, adultery should not affect employment (as a politician or in the military) unless it directly impacts job performance.

My own reluctance to disengage adultery and law stems from the seriousness of adultery. First ...


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