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Are Two Employers Better Than One? An Empirical Assessment Of Multiple-Employer Retirement Plans, Natalya Shnitser 2020 Boston College Law School

Are Two Employers Better Than One? An Empirical Assessment Of Multiple-Employer Retirement Plans, Natalya Shnitser

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

At least 50% of Americans have not saved enough for retirement. This is in part due to a lack of access to employer-sponsored retirement plans. Nearly a third of the U.S. workforce is employed by businesses that choose not to sponsor workplace retirement plans for their employees. Moreover, plans set up by smaller employers tend to be plagued by high fees that eat away at retirement savings. To increase worker participation in low-cost retirement plans, lawmakers across the political spectrum have coalesced around reforms to allow more small employers to pool their assets and to centralize plan administration through ...


Argument Analysis: Justices Skeptical Of Claim That Retirement-Plan Participants Have “Actual Knowledge” Of All Facts Included In Disclosure Documents, Natalya Shnitser 2019 Boston College Law School

Argument Analysis: Justices Skeptical Of Claim That Retirement-Plan Participants Have “Actual Knowledge” Of All Facts Included In Disclosure Documents, Natalya Shnitser

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The Supreme Court heard oral argument on Wednesday in Intel Corp. Investment Policy Committee v. Sulyma, a case that puts a spotlight on the disclosures that retirement plans provide to plan participants. Under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), participants in employer-sponsored retirement plans have the right to challenge the prudence of decisions that plan fiduciaries make about the investment options available through the plan. ERISA sets time limits for bringing such suits. Section 413(1) of ERISA gives plaintiffs six years after the end of the fiduciary breach, violation or omission. Section 413(2) imposes a ...


Argument Preview: Court To Consider “Actual Knowledge” In Determining The Window For Filing Claims Against Retirement-Plan Fiduciaries, Natalya Shnitser 2019 Boston College Law School

Argument Preview: Court To Consider “Actual Knowledge” In Determining The Window For Filing Claims Against Retirement-Plan Fiduciaries, Natalya Shnitser

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), participants in employer-sponsored retirement plans – including 401(k) plans – have the right to challenge the prudence of decisions that plan fiduciaries make in selecting and managing the investment options available to participants. Participants must bring such suits within the time limits set by law. Section 413(1) of ERISA provides that claims must be brought within six years after the end of the fiduciary breach, violation or omission. Section 413(2) imposes a shorter limitation period when the participant has “actual knowledge” of the breach or violation. In such cases ...


Richard Kilgore V. Eleni Kilgore, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 47 (Oct. 3, 2019), Aariel Williams 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Richard Kilgore V. Eleni Kilgore, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 47 (Oct. 3, 2019), Aariel Williams

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

NRS 286.510 provides that the eligibility depends on an employee spouse’s effective date of membership in Nevada Public Employees’ Retirement System (“PERS”), profession, number of years served, and age. The Court determined that the time does not depend on whether the employee spouse’s PERS account has fully matured. NRS 125.155 provides district courts with discretion to deny or reduce a non-employee spouse’s request for pension payments before the employee spouse’s retirement. Further, under NRS 125.150(3), a party can seek adjudication of an asset mistakenly omitted from the divorce decree within three years ...


Regulating Retirement: Understanding The Impact Of New Best Interest And Fiduciary Standards On Retail Investors, Michael Lichtmacher 2019 St. Mary's University School of Law

Regulating Retirement: Understanding The Impact Of New Best Interest And Fiduciary Standards On Retail Investors, Michael Lichtmacher

St. Mary's Law Journal

Abstract forthcoming


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


For Richer Or Poorer, 'Til Decree Do Us Part - A Spouse's Entitlement To Division Of Pension Funds And Professional Degrees As Marital Property, Linda A. Malone 2019 William & Mary Law School

For Richer Or Poorer, 'Til Decree Do Us Part - A Spouse's Entitlement To Division Of Pension Funds And Professional Degrees As Marital Property, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Settlements And Waivers Affecting Pension Benefits Under Erisa, Eric D. Chason 2019 William & Mary Law School

Settlements And Waivers Affecting Pension Benefits Under Erisa, Eric D. Chason

Eric D. Chason

Waivers affecting pension benefits may be entered into as part of a controversy (for example, a settlement agreement) or in isolation (for example, a disclaimer). Under current law, however, it is unclear how these waivers fit within the protections of ERISA, particularly the antialienation rule. Courts have generally honored settlement agreements so long as they are procedurally fair to participants. However, the antialienation rule looms in the background. The IRS and Treasury, in contrast, have focused on waivers outside the settlement context, prohibiting participants from making them but allowing beneficiaries to do so if the waiver satisfies gift-tax rules for ...


Outlawing Pension-Funding Shortfalls, Eric D. Chason 2019 William & Mary Law School

Outlawing Pension-Funding Shortfalls, Eric D. Chason

Eric D. Chason

Before ERISA, employees faced a large risk that their employers would default or renege on pension obligations. By creating a federal guarantor of pensions (the PBGC), ERISA has greatly reduced this risk. All else being equal, low-risk pensions are worth more to employees but cost more to provide. Congress has never had a coherent policy on who should pay for these extra costs. Moreover, legal scholars have failed to create a theoretical framework for dealing with these costs, focusing instead on the supposed "moral hazard" that the PBGC guaranty creates. This Article inserts itself into the scholarly vacuum, asserting that ...


Redressing All Erisa Fiduciary Breaches Under Section 409 (A), Eric D. Chason 2019 William & Mary Law School

Redressing All Erisa Fiduciary Breaches Under Section 409 (A), Eric D. Chason

Eric D. Chason

No abstract provided.


Reforming Pensions While Retaining Shareholder Voice, David Webber 2019 Boston Univeristy School of Law

Reforming Pensions While Retaining Shareholder Voice, David Webber

Faculty Scholarship

Public pension and labor union funds have been the driving force in diversified shareholder activism. They have also fended off attacks on jobs and proactively created jobs for fund contributors. These funds currently represent almost $4 trillion in assets over which workers have substantial control. That worker control - and the collective nature of defined benefit pension plans - is the necessary precondition for their shareholder activism. Both worker control and collective investment are directly threatened by the rise of defined contribution funds, particularly by well-funded efforts to promote the 401(k) in the public sector, the last bastion of the traditional ...


Energy Re-Investment, Hari M. Osofsky, Jacqueline Peel, Brett H. McDonnell, Anita Foerster 2019 The Pennsylvania State University

Energy Re-Investment, Hari M. Osofsky, Jacqueline Peel, Brett H. Mcdonnell, Anita Foerster

Indiana Law Journal

Despite worsening climate change threats, investment in energy—in the United States and globally—is dominated by fossil fuels. This Article provides a novel analysis of two pathways in corporate and securities law that together have the potential to shift patterns of energy investment.

The first pathway targets current investments and corporate decision-making. It includes efforts to influence investors to divest from owning shares in fossil fuel companies and to influence companies to address climate change risks in their internal decision-making processes. This pathway has received increasing attention, especially in light of the Paris Agreement and the Trump Administration’s ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Defined Contribution Plans And The Challenge Of Financial Illiteracy, Jill E. Fisch, Annamaria Lusardi, Andrea Hasler 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Defined Contribution Plans And The Challenge Of Financial Illiteracy, Jill E. Fisch, Annamaria Lusardi, Andrea Hasler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Retirement investing in the United States has changed dramatically. The classic defined-benefit (DB) plan has largely been replaced by the defined contribution (DC) plan. With the latter, individual employees’ decisions about how much to save for retirement and how to invest those savings determine the benefits available upon retirement.

We analyze data from the 2015 National Financial Capability Study to show that people whose only exposure to investment decisions is by virtue of their participation in an employer-sponsored 401(k) plan are poorly equipped to make sound investment decisions. Specifically, they suffer from higher levels of financial illiteracy than other ...


Behavioral Finance, Decumulation, And The Regulatory Strategy For Robo-Advice, Tom Baker, Benedict Dellaert 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Behavioral Finance, Decumulation, And The Regulatory Strategy For Robo-Advice, Tom Baker, Benedict Dellaert

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This working paper surveys the decumulation services offered by investment robo-advisors as a case study with which to examine regulatory and market structure issues raised by automated financial advice. We provide a short introduction to decumulation, describing some of the uncertainties involved in identifying optimal decumulation strategies and sketching a few of the ‘rules of thumb’ that financial advisors have developed in this area in the face of this uncertainty. Next we describe behavioral effects that could inhibit consumers from following an optimal decumulation strategy, concluding that, left to their own devices, consumers are likely to make sub-optimal decumulation decisions ...


State Automatic Enrollment Iras After The Trump Election: Are They Preempted By Erisa?, Kathryn L. Moore 2019 University of Kentucky

State Automatic Enrollment Iras After The Trump Election: Are They Preempted By Erisa?, Kathryn L. Moore

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In recent years, a number of states have sought to close the retirement savings funding gap by enacting legislation mandating that employers that do not sponsor a voluntary pension plan for their employees automatically enroll their employees in a state-administered IRA program. This Article focuses on the most serious legal challenge these programs face: ERISA preemption.

The Article begins by providing an overview of the state automatic enrollment IRA programs. It then discusses a regulatory safe harbor created for these programs in 2016 and disapproved under the Congressional Review Act in 2018. It then turns to the question whether, in ...


A More Secure Choice: Minnesota’S Two-Pronged Approach To State Level Retirement Savings Programs, Chad Burkitt 2019 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

A More Secure Choice: Minnesota’S Two-Pronged Approach To State Level Retirement Savings Programs, Chad Burkitt

Mitchell Hamline Law Journal of Public Policy and Practice

No abstract provided.


A Lesson From Goodfellas: Why Current Illinois Consideration Based Pension Reform Proposals Still Fail, Lari A. Dierks 2018 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

A Lesson From Goodfellas: Why Current Illinois Consideration Based Pension Reform Proposals Still Fail, Lari A. Dierks

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Title Vii And The Collateral Source Rule: Evaluating The Not-So Equitable Remedy In Eeoc V. Consol Energy, Virginia Calistro 2018 Boston College Law School

Title Vii And The Collateral Source Rule: Evaluating The Not-So Equitable Remedy In Eeoc V. Consol Energy, Virginia Calistro

Boston College Law Review

On June 12, 2017, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the decision of the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia to refuse an offset to a Title VII damage award by the amount of pension payments received following the plaintiff's constructive discharge. In doing so, the court adopted a new interpretation of the collateral source rule and its applicability in employment discrimination pay awards. The effect of this decision is to further compound a split of authority between multiple federal courts of appeals regarding the treatment of certain benefits in the wake of ...


How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, Alan J. Ponce 2018 Georgia State University College of Law

How Special Is The Special Timing Rule? Analyzing The Timing Of Fica Taxation In Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans, Alan J. Ponce

Georgia State University Law Review

Many employers offer nonqualified deferred compensation plans as a benefit to select employees, and those plans allow the employees to prepare for retirement in a tax-efficient manner. For employers,designing and administering such plans in compliance with federal law represents a paramount concern in order to achieve the tax advantages such plans entail. However, for these employers, there remains an inherent ambiguity in the tax code regarding how and when employers should withhold Federal Insurance Contribution Act (FICA) taxes—that is, Social Security and Medicare taxes—on deferred compensation in nonqualified retirement plans.

Tax regulations provide two distinct methods for ...


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