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Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross 2016 University of Puget Sound

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


Disciplinary Regulation Of Prosecutors As A Remedy For Abuses Of Prosecutorial Discretion: A Descriptive And Normative Analysis, Samuel J. Levine, Bruce A. Green 2016 Touro Law Center

Disciplinary Regulation Of Prosecutors As A Remedy For Abuses Of Prosecutorial Discretion: A Descriptive And Normative Analysis, Samuel J. Levine, Bruce A. Green

Samuel J. Levine

Although courts have traditionally relied primarily on prosecutors’ individual self-restraint and institutional self-regulation to curb prosecutors’ excesses and redress their wrongdoing, aspects of prosecutors’ conduct can be regulated externally as well. One potential source of external regulation is professional discipline. As lawyers, prosecutors are regulated by state courts, which oversee processes for disciplining lawyers who engage in misconduct. In responding to prosecutors’ wrongdoing, courts generally express a preference for professional discipline over civil liability, which is limited by principles of absolute and qualified immunity. Likewise, courts favor professional discipline over adjudicatory remedies such as reversal of criminal convictions or suppression ...


Digital Forensics: Is The Methodology Correct?, Anthony Knutson 2016 The Pennsylvania State University

Digital Forensics: Is The Methodology Correct?, Anthony Knutson

Annual Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Digital forensics is an area of information technology that requires a very unique skillset of being able to think both investigative along with being analytical as well. The results of this synthesis of both thinking methods can guide the examination of digital evidence towards not only the outcome of what happened during a time of incident, but why and how it happened as well. This is an approach that brings together both how digital forensics have always been looked at for investigations and incident response after the time of incident has already passed. By proving who or what was behind ...


Challenging The Credibility Of Alleged Victims Of Child Sexual Abuse In Scottish Courts, Zsofia Szojka, Samantha J. Andrews, Michael E. Lamb, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Thomas D. Lyon 2016 University of London

Challenging The Credibility Of Alleged Victims Of Child Sexual Abuse In Scottish Courts, Zsofia Szojka, Samantha J. Andrews, Michael E. Lamb, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Thomas D. Lyon

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

This study examined the effects of credibility-challenging questions (n = 2,729) on 62 5- to 17-year-olds’ testimony in child sexual abuse cases in Scotland by categorizing the type, source, and content of the credibility-challenging questions defence lawyers asked and assessing how children responded. Credibility-challenging questions comprised 14.9% of all questions asked during cross-examination. Of defence lawyers’ credibility-challenging questions, 77.8% focused generally on children’s honesty, whereas the remainder referred to specific inconsistencies in the children’s testimony. Children resisted credibility challenges 54% of the time, significantly more often than they provided compliant responses (26.8%). The tendency to ...


Pragmatic Failure And Referential Ambiguity When Attorneys Ask Child Witnesses "Do You Know/Remember" Questions, Angela D. Evans, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Thomas D. Lyon 2016 Brock University

Pragmatic Failure And Referential Ambiguity When Attorneys Ask Child Witnesses "Do You Know/Remember" Questions, Angela D. Evans, Stacia N. Stolzenberg, Thomas D. Lyon

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

“Do you know” and “Do you remember” (DYK/R) questions explicitly ask whether one knows or remembers some information while implicitly asking for that information. This study examined how 104 4- to 9-year-old children testifying in child sexual abuse cases responded to DYK/R wh- and yes/no questions. When asked DYK/R questions containing an implicit wh- question requesting information, children often provided unelaborated “Yes” responses. Attorneys’ follow-up questions suggested that children usually misunderstood the pragmatics of the questions. When DYK/R questions contained an implicit yes/no question, unelaborated “Yes” or “No” responses could be responding to the ...


“Time Works Changes”: Modernizing Fourth Amendment Law To Protect Cell Site Location Information, Alexander Porter 2016 Boston College Law School

“Time Works Changes”: Modernizing Fourth Amendment Law To Protect Cell Site Location Information, Alexander Porter

Boston College Law Review

In 2012, federal juries convicted two men of armed robbery based in part on historical cell site location information (“CSLI”) evidence. Historical CSLI can reproduce a person’s location with great specificity. Cell phone users generate CSLI automatically by operating their cellular phones. These facts raise serious privacy concerns. This Note argues that Congress must take action to ensure that law enforcement agents can access a suspect’s historical CSLI only after a neutral magistrate finds probable cause that a crime has been committed. Further, this Note argues that because cell phone users do not voluntarily convey CSLI to their ...


Nickel And Dimed Into Incarceration: Cash Register Justice In The Criminal System, Laura I Appleman 2016 Willamette University College of Law

Nickel And Dimed Into Incarceration: Cash Register Justice In The Criminal System, Laura I Appleman

Boston College Law Review

Criminal justice debt has aggressively metastasized throughout the criminal system. A bewildering array of fees, fines, court costs, non-payment penalties, and high interest rates have turned criminal process into a booming revenue center for state courts and corrections. As criminal justice “administrative” costs have skyrocketed, the burden to fund the system has fallen largely on the system’s users—primarily poor or indigent—who often cannot pay their burden. Unpaid criminal justice debt often leads to actual incarceration or substantial punitive fines, which turns rapidly into “punishment”. Such punishment at the hands of a court, bureaucracy, or private entity compromises ...


Mayo V. Eigh. Jud, Dist. Ct., 123 Nev. Adv. Op. 79 (Nov. 23, 2016), Alex Velto 2016 Nevada Law Journal

Mayo V. Eigh. Jud, Dist. Ct., 123 Nev. Adv. Op. 79 (Nov. 23, 2016), Alex Velto

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court found that the district court did not err when it found no violation of NRS 172.145(2). The Court interpreted NRS 172.145(2), which creates a duty on district attorneys to submit evidence to a grand jury if they are “aware” it will “explain away the charge.” The Court determined that a district attorney must be “aware” evidence has exculpatory value before there is a duty to present the evidence to a grand jury. The district attorney is not obligated to present exculpatory evidence it possesses but does not recognize as exculpatory. In the case at ...


Brief Of Appellant, Leumas White V. State Of Maryland, No. 16-360, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Alyssa Glasser 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, Leumas White V. State Of Maryland, No. 16-360, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Alyssa Glasser

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Appellant, Abdullah Malik Joppy A/K/A Richard Joppy V. State Of Maryland, No. 533, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Peter Honnef 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, Abdullah Malik Joppy A/K/A Richard Joppy V. State Of Maryland, No. 533, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Peter Honnef

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Appellant, Davon Jones V. State Of Maryland, No. 547, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Matthew T. Healy 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, Davon Jones V. State Of Maryland, No. 547, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Matthew T. Healy

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Appellant, Matthew Bredlow V. State Of Maryland, No. 621, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Ardalun Kamali 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, Matthew Bredlow V. State Of Maryland, No. 621, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Ardalun Kamali

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Reclaiming Equality To Reframe Indigent Defense Reform, Lauren Sudeall Lucas 2016 Georgia State University College of Law

Reclaiming Equality To Reframe Indigent Defense Reform, Lauren Sudeall Lucas

Lauren Sudeall Lucas

Equal access to resources is fundamental to meaningful legal representation, yet for decades, equality arguments have been ignored in litigating indigent defense reform. At a time when underfunded indigent defense systems across the country are failing to provide indigent defendants with adequate representation, the question of resources is even more critical. Traditionally, advocates seeking indigent defense reform have relied on Sixth Amendment arguments to protect the rights of indigents in this context; however, the Sixth Amendment approach suffers from a number of shortcomings that have made it a poor tool for systemic reform, including its exclusive focus on attorney performance ...


Pro Se Litigation -- Litigating Without Counsel: Faretta Or For Worst, Susan Herman, Ira P. Robbins 2016 Selected Works

Pro Se Litigation -- Litigating Without Counsel: Faretta Or For Worst, Susan Herman, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

No abstract provided.


The Price Is Wrong: Reimbursement Of Expenses For Acquitted Criminal Defendants, Ira P. Robbins 2016 Selected Works

The Price Is Wrong: Reimbursement Of Expenses For Acquitted Criminal Defendants, Ira P. Robbins

Ira P. Robbins

No abstract provided.


Training For Bargaining, Jenny Roberts, Ronald F. Wright 2016 Selected Works

Training For Bargaining, Jenny Roberts, Ronald F. Wright

Jenny Roberts

While plea bargaining dominates the practice of criminal law, preparation for trial remains central to defense attorneys’ training. Negotiation is still peripheral to that training. Defense lawyers enter practice with little exposure to negotiation techniques and strategies in the plea bargaining context, the most significant skills they will use every day.

Empirical research on plea negotiations has concentrated on outcomes of negotiations rather than the process itself. Our multiphase field study examines the negotiation techniques that attorneys use during plea bargaining as well as their preparation and training for negotiation. This Article explores the data on the training aspects of ...


Statement Of David E. Aaronson In Support Of Hb 1075 To Repeal The Death Penalty, David E. Aaronson 2016 American University Washington College of Law

Statement Of David E. Aaronson In Support Of Hb 1075 To Repeal The Death Penalty, David E. Aaronson

David Aaronson

No abstract provided.


Newsroom: Margulies Cited On Military Commissions 11-04-2016, Peter S. Margulies 2016 Roger Williams University School of Law

Newsroom: Margulies Cited On Military Commissions 11-04-2016, Peter S. Margulies

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Appellant, James Goss V. State Of Maryland, No. 669, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Lisa M. Johnson 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, James Goss V. State Of Maryland, No. 669, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Lisa M. Johnson

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Appellant, John Hill V. State Of Maryland, No. 2740, Paul DeWolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Silva Georgian 2016 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Brief Of Appellant, John Hill V. State Of Maryland, No. 2740, Paul Dewolfe, Renée M. Hutchins, Silva Georgian

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


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