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The Impacts Of Using A Safety Compliance Standard In Highway Design, Paul J. Ossenbruggen 2016 University of New Hampshire

The Impacts Of Using A Safety Compliance Standard In Highway Design, Paul J. Ossenbruggen

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Ossenbruggen introduces an algorithmic method to objectively test and evaluate safety in the highway design process.


The Law Of The Test: Performance-Based Regulation And Diesel Emissions Control, Cary Coglianese, Jennifer Nash 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Law Of The Test: Performance-Based Regulation And Diesel Emissions Control, Cary Coglianese, Jennifer Nash

Faculty Scholarship

The Volkswagen diesel emissions scandal of 2015 not only pushed that company’s stock and retail sales into freefall, but also raised serious questions about the efficacy of existing regulatory controls. The same furtive actions taken by Volkswagen had been taken nearly twenty years earlier by other firms in the diesel industry. In that previous scandal, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) discovered that diesel truck engine manufacturers had, like Volkswagen would later do, programmed on-board computers to calibrate their engines one way to satisfy the required emissions test. Those manufacturers had also programmed the on-board computers to re-calibrate ...


Uber V. Regulation: “Ride-Sharing” Creates A Legal Gray Area, Yanelys Crespo 2016 University of Miami Law School

Uber V. Regulation: “Ride-Sharing” Creates A Legal Gray Area, Yanelys Crespo

University of Miami Business Law Review

Technological innovations are quickly re-shaping our world and even changing the way we travel from place to place. Although the concept of “ride-sharing” only just emerged in 2010, it has rapidly gained popularity and expanded across the globe, offering a new way to get around major cities via a mobile application that instantly links drivers and passengers through the phone’s GPS system. At the forefront of this movement is Uber—the multibillion- dollar company and pioneer of ride-sharing that has experienced unprecedented growth and success in its short existence. However, Uber’s expansion into most major cities across the ...


Dui Law In The Budding Marijuana Industry, Zack G. Goldberg 2016 Brooklyn Law School

Dui Law In The Budding Marijuana Industry, Zack G. Goldberg

Brooklyn Law Review

The rapid legalization of marijuana across the United States has produced a number of novel legal issues. One of the most confounding issues is that presented by the marijuana-impaired driver. In jurisdictions that have legalized the use of marijuana, how high is too high to get behind the wheel? This note assesses the various marijuana DUI laws that states have implemented to combat marijuana-impaired driving. Many of these statutes have followed in the footsteps of the BAC-based standard used to combat drunk driving—using THC measurements to quantify a driver’s level of marijuana-based impairment. Unfortunately, unlike alcohol, the scientific ...


Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter 2016 USAF

Space Traffic Management Concepts Leveraging Existing Frameworks, Stephen K. Hunter

Space Traffic Management Conference

Leveraging existing U.S. regulatory frameworks, as well as international organizations, will dramatically shorten the time needed to develop an effective Space Traffic Management concept. Both the Department of Defense and the Department of Transportation have been working with the U.S. Congress to define and develop a Space Traffic Management concept that will allow the Office of Commercial Space Launch to begin a new mission that will help to ensure the safety and resilience of the space domain. Outside observers can easily see forward progress toward this, still, undeveloped concept. This paper explores potential final U.S. Space Traffic ...


Hiding Behind Nationality: The Temporary Presence Exception And Patent Infringement Avoidance, J. Jonas Anderson 2016 Selected Works

Hiding Behind Nationality: The Temporary Presence Exception And Patent Infringement Avoidance, J. Jonas Anderson

J. Jonas Anderson

This Article argues that the temporary presence exception was not designed to allow conveyance owners the ability to select the most optimal patent system under which to be subject. It also examines the ramifications of the temporary presence exception on international commerce and concludes that increased use of the exception may result in reduced values for patents relating to international conveyances, reduced incentives to invest in and develop technologies in international conveyances, and a decrease in the quality of various domestic patent systems worldwide. Finally, this Article proposes a solution to these problems. The temporary presence exception has received some ...


Individual Control Of Risk: Seat Belt Use, Subjective Norms And The Theory Of Reasoned Action, Juanita V. Field, Kenneth D. Boehm, Kevin M. Vincent, Jessica L. Sullivan 2016 University of New Hampshire

Individual Control Of Risk: Seat Belt Use, Subjective Norms And The Theory Of Reasoned Action, Juanita V. Field, Kenneth D. Boehm, Kevin M. Vincent, Jessica L. Sullivan

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

When faced with a risk for which an inexpensive solution is available, individuals often choose the risk rather than the solution. Protection from certain kinds of risks, e.g., using seat belts or condoms or insulating against radon, is largely under personal control, but individuals often choose not to comply with behaviors which would reduce the risk. The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) has been used to predict when individuals will comply. The authors attempted to validate aspects of the TRA by the use of scenarios. Factor analysis of their data supports the theory that intention is a major determinate ...


The Supreme Court As Risk Manager: An Analysis Of Skinner, Todd F. Volyn, James F. Mogan, Lisa M. White 2016 University of New Hampshire

The Supreme Court As Risk Manager: An Analysis Of Skinner, Todd F. Volyn, James F. Mogan, Lisa M. White

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Examining a recent case in which the U.S. Supreme Court approved the collection of blood and urine samples from railroad employees, the authors conclude that, in attempting to improve railroad safety, both majority and minority opinions reflected undue emphasis on technical issues and inadequate attention to the intangible social values underlying traditional Constitutional rights to privacy.


Admiralty - Shipowners’ Limited Liability Act - A Shipowner Cannot Invoke The Act To Limit His Liability For Wreck Removal Expenses Since A Statutory Duty To Remove A Sunken Vessel Prevents Him From Being “Without Privity Or Knowledge,” A Condition Precedent To The Invocation Of The Act, Thomas C. Holcomb 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Admiralty - Shipowners’ Limited Liability Act - A Shipowner Cannot Invoke The Act To Limit His Liability For Wreck Removal Expenses Since A Statutory Duty To Remove A Sunken Vessel Prevents Him From Being “Without Privity Or Knowledge,” A Condition Precedent To The Invocation Of The Act, Thomas C. Holcomb

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A New Take On An Old Problem: Employee Misclassification In The Modern Gig-Economy, Jennifer Pinsof 2016 University of Michigan Law School

A New Take On An Old Problem: Employee Misclassification In The Modern Gig-Economy, Jennifer Pinsof

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

For decades, U.S. labor and employment law has used a binary employment classification system, labeling workers as either employees or independent contractors. Employees are granted a variety of legal protections, while independent contractors are not. However, the explosion of the gig-economy—which connects consumers with underutilized resources—has produced a growing number of workers who do not seem to fit into either category. Though far from traditional employees, gig-workers bear little resemblance to independent contractors. Forced to choose, however, most gig-economy companies label their workers as independent contractors, depriving them of many basic worker-protections. Gig-workers have turned to the ...


No Need To Reinvent The Wheel: Why Existing Liability Law Does Not Need To Be Preemptively Altered To Cope With The Debut Of The Driverless Car, Jeremy Levy 2016 Pepperdine University

No Need To Reinvent The Wheel: Why Existing Liability Law Does Not Need To Be Preemptively Altered To Cope With The Debut Of The Driverless Car, Jeremy Levy

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

First, in part I, this article seeks to explore the background of driverless vehicles, including their history, the technology involved, and general issues and potential problems that may arise from these vehicles entering the market. In part II, the article will discuss existing regulations already in place for autonomous driverless vehicles in both state and federal law. Part III will examine two proposals, those for additional laws, or for the adaptation of existing laws to create new liability schemes, and how most of these proposals are either inadequate or overbroad. Part IV will examine liability waiver for accidents, strict liability ...


International Fisheries Regulation, John P. Rivers 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

International Fisheries Regulation, John P. Rivers

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Challenging The 2013 Rule Implementing Regulations On Oversnow Vehicle Use In Yellowstone National Park, Brian Bieschke 2016 Boston College Law School

Challenging The 2013 Rule Implementing Regulations On Oversnow Vehicle Use In Yellowstone National Park, Brian Bieschke

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

In 2013, the National Park Service (“NPS”) promulgated a new rule to regulate the use of snowmobiles and snowcoaches in Yellowstone National Park during the winter months. The innovation and development of such “oversnow” vehicles increased park visitors’ access to Yellowstone’s majestic wonders throughout winter. Unfortunately, because such vehicles emitted noise and air pollution and created safety hazards, their unfettered use throughout the winter season posed an ever-increasing threat to the natural integrity of Yellowstone and to visitors. To mitigate the negative effects of oversnow vehicles on Yellowstone, the NPS began restricting their use by placing fixed limitations on ...


Cycling Around The Car : An Analysis Of America’S Car Culture, Cycling For Transportation In The Netherlands, And An Exploration Of Policy Solutions., Stephanie Dooper 2016 University of Louisville

Cycling Around The Car : An Analysis Of America’S Car Culture, Cycling For Transportation In The Netherlands, And An Exploration Of Policy Solutions., Stephanie Dooper

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Law-Making In The International Civil Aviation Organization. By Thomas Buergenthal. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1969. Pp. Xiii, 247. $10.50., William C. Bushnell 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Book Review: Law-Making In The International Civil Aviation Organization. By Thomas Buergenthal. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1969. Pp. Xiii, 247. $10.50., William C. Bushnell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Bicycle Laws In The United States-Past, Present, And Future, Ken McLeod 2016 League of American Bicyclists Legal Affairs Committee

Bicycle Laws In The United States-Past, Present, And Future, Ken Mcleod

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Comparative Local Government Law In Motion: How Different Local Government Law Regimes Affect Global Cities' Bike Share Plans, Daniel B. Rodriguez, Nadav Shoked 2016 Northwestern University School of Law

Comparative Local Government Law In Motion: How Different Local Government Law Regimes Affect Global Cities' Bike Share Plans, Daniel B. Rodriguez, Nadav Shoked

Fordham Urban Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Bakken Crude And The Ford Pinto Of Railcars: The Growing Need For Adequate Regulation Of The Transportation Of Crude Oil By Rail, Evan W. Busteed 2016 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Bakken Crude And The Ford Pinto Of Railcars: The Growing Need For Adequate Regulation Of The Transportation Of Crude Oil By Rail, Evan W. Busteed

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Public Transit Data Through An Intellectual Property Lens: Lessons About Open Data, Teresa Scassa 2016 University of Ottawa

Public Transit Data Through An Intellectual Property Lens: Lessons About Open Data, Teresa Scassa

Fordham Urban Law Journal

This Article examines some of the challenges presented by the transition from ‘closed’ to open data within the municipal context, using municipal transit data as a case study. The particular lens through which this Article examines these challenges is intellectual property law. In a ‘closed data’ system, intellectual property law is an important means by which legal control over data is asserted by governments and their agencies. In an ‘open data’ context, the freedom to use and distribute content is a freedom from IP constraints. The evolution of approaches to open municipal transit data offers some interesting examples of the ...


Sharing The Road: Smart Transportation Infrastructure, Dorothy J. Glancy 2016 Santa Clara University School of Law

Sharing The Road: Smart Transportation Infrastructure, Dorothy J. Glancy

Fordham Urban Law Journal

Smart cities require smart transportation. Advanced Intelligent Transportation Systems provide ever-smarter transportation infrastructure for the United States and countries around the world. Among the most advance forms of ground transportation infrastructure is a group of technologies that connect vehicles invisibly to other vehicles through information exchanges. These advanced transportation technologies are of two types: On the one hand, Connected Vehicle Safety Systems use vehicle-to-vehicle dedicated short range communications technologies. On the other hand, Connected Vehicle Mobility Applicatoins use a muhc wider variety of mobile wireless technologies. These two types of technolofies that connect vehicles will increasingly make existing physical infrastructure ...


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