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Air and Space Law Commons

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U.S. Private On-Orbit Space Situational Awareness Systems And Services: Legal And Regulatory Challenges, Michael Mineiro 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

U.S. Private On-Orbit Space Situational Awareness Systems And Services: Legal And Regulatory Challenges, Michael Mineiro

Space Traffic Management Conference

One component of Space Traffic Management (STM) is on-orbit Space Situational Awareness (SSA) systems and services. Advances in technology and a growing demand for SSA services, information, and data, coupled with U.S. Government policy that promotes the purchase and use of commercial SSA capabilities, means that private commercial sector is likely to have an important role to play. To date, there is no federal agency with clear jurisdiction over on-orbit remote sensing operations. This paper examines the current regulatory framework, identifies gaps and limitations, and identifies possible ways forward.


Small Satellites And Liability Associated With Space Traffic Situational Awareness, George Anthony Long 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Small Satellites And Liability Associated With Space Traffic Situational Awareness, George Anthony Long

Space Traffic Management Conference

At the commencement of the space age, satellites were very small objects that subsequently grew in size and complexity. A re-emergence of small satellites is occurring given that technology now allows them to perform certain operations of large satellites. This paper will explore the risk and liability in space traffic situational awareness associated with the proliferation in the deployment of small satellites.

Small satellites encompass a range of space objects referred to as nanosatellites, microsatellites, picosatellites, cube satellites, femtosatellites and other designations. These satellites are generally placed into orbit as part of a “piggyback” payload on other launches or cargo ...


Toward The International Regime For Space Traffic Management -What To Fix The Current International Regulations-, Yu Takeuchi 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Toward The International Regime For Space Traffic Management -What To Fix The Current International Regulations-, Yu Takeuchi

Space Traffic Management Conference

Space Traffic Management (STM) is an effective concept for providing a solution to the current congested, contested, and competed situation of outer space. However the status of international legal system governing outer space remains at its original formation of the 1960s. Filling this gap is an inescapable task soon or late and it is necessary to establish the international regime for STM to do so. Various issues of the UN Space Treaties and relevant soft laws have been discussed in the context of STM item-by-item, but few are oriented to the establishment of a comprehensive international regime for STM.

This ...


How To Reach An International Civil Aviation Organization Role In Space Traffic Management, Lt. Col. Stephen Hunter 2014 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

How To Reach An International Civil Aviation Organization Role In Space Traffic Management, Lt. Col. Stephen Hunter

Space Traffic Management Conference

The late President Emeritus of the ICAO Council, Assad Kotaite, recommended a new annex to the Chicago Convention to extend ICAO responsibilities for producing International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) for suborbital and orbital civil space flights[i]. Additionally, the U.S. Office of the Secretary of Defense and the European Union have independently conceived standards that have yet to mature to an amicable stage. This impetus to develop SARPs is growing more urgent as space becomes more congested, contested and competitive. In order to best determine how to mature internationally acceptable SARPs for seamless operations from tropospheric to exo-atmospheric ...


Recovery For Mental Injuries That Are Accompanied By Physical Injuries Under Article 17 Of The Warsaw Convention: The Progeny Of Eastern Airlines, Inc. V. Floyd, Jean-Paul Boulee 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Recovery For Mental Injuries That Are Accompanied By Physical Injuries Under Article 17 Of The Warsaw Convention: The Progeny Of Eastern Airlines, Inc. V. Floyd, Jean-Paul Boulee

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Blue Helmets In The Next Frontier: The Future Is Now, Sean R. Mikula 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Blue Helmets In The Next Frontier: The Future Is Now, Sean R. Mikula

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The International Air Transportation Association's Attempt To Modify International Air Disaster Liability: An Admirable Effort With An Impossible Goal, Jonathan L. Neville 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The International Air Transportation Association's Attempt To Modify International Air Disaster Liability: An Admirable Effort With An Impossible Goal, Jonathan L. Neville

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Flights Of Fancy And Fights Of Fury: Arbitration And Adjudication Of Commercial And Political Disputes In International Aviation, Paul S. Dempsey 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Flights Of Fancy And Fights Of Fury: Arbitration And Adjudication Of Commercial And Political Disputes In International Aviation, Paul S. Dempsey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


U.S.-Eu Second Stage Air Transport Agreement: Toward An Open Aviation Area, Charles A. Hunnicutt 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

U.S.-Eu Second Stage Air Transport Agreement: Toward An Open Aviation Area, Charles A. Hunnicutt

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Is Statutory Immunity For Spaceflight Operators Good Enough?, Maria-Vittoria “Giugi” Carminati 2014 American University Washington College of Law

Is Statutory Immunity For Spaceflight Operators Good Enough?, Maria-Vittoria “Giugi” Carminati

Legislation and Policy Brief

Over the past decade, the commercial spaceflight industry has seen a growth never witnessed before. The likes of Virgin Galactic and Xcor are promising suborbital flights to anyone willing to pay the price. Golden Spike is selling tickets to the moon. And SpaceX was re-supplying the ISS as a commercial provider as of 2012. States have responded to this growth by trying to make themselves more attractive to these commercial providers of space services (hereinafter generally referred to as “spaceflight entities”). Attractiveness has become synonymous with overt efforts to decrease spaceflight entities’ liability from injuries to their spaceflight participants (“SFPs ...


Self-Defense Against Robots, A. Michael Froomkin, Zak Colangelo 2014 University of Miami

Self-Defense Against Robots, A. Michael Froomkin, Zak Colangelo

A. Michael Froomkin

This paper examines when, under U.S. law, humans may use force against robots to protect themselves, their property, and their privacy. May a landowner legally shoot down a trespassing drone? May she hold a trespassing autonomous car as security against damage done or further torts? Is the fear that a drone may be operated by a paparazzo or a peeping Tom sufficient grounds to disable or interfere with it? How hard may you shove if the office robot rolls over your foot? This paper addresses all those issues and one more: what rules and standards we could put into ...


Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr. 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr.

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Drones, Henry H. Perritt Jr., Eliot O. Sprague 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Drones, Henry H. Perritt Jr., Eliot O. Sprague

All Faculty Scholarship

Abstract

Drone technology is evolving rapidly. Microdrones—what the FAA calls “sUAS”—already on the market at the $1,000 level, have the capability to supplement manned helicopters in support of public safety operations, news reporting, and powerline and pipeline patrol, when manned helicopter support is infeasible, untimely, or unsafe.

Larger drones–"machodrones”–are not yet available outside battlefield and counterterrorism spaces. Approximating the size of manned helicopters, but without pilots, or with human pilots being optional, their design is still in its infancy as designers await greater clarity in the regulatory requirements that will drive airworthiness certification.

This article ...


Drones, Henry H. Perritt Jr., Eliot O. Sprague 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Drones, Henry H. Perritt Jr., Eliot O. Sprague

Henry H. Perritt, Jr.

Abstract

Drone technology is evolving rapidly. Microdrones—what the FAA calls “sUAS”—already on the market at the $1,000 level, have the capability to supplement manned helicopters in support of public safety operations, news reporting, and powerline and pipeline patrol, when manned helicopter support is infeasible, untimely, or unsafe.

Larger drones–"machodrones”–are not yet available outside battlefield and counterterrorism spaces. Approximating the size of manned helicopters, but without pilots, or with human pilots being optional, their design is still in its infancy as designers await greater clarity in the regulatory requirements that will drive airworthiness certification.

This article ...


Houston, We Have A (Liability) Problem, Justin Silver 2014 University of Michigan Law School

Houston, We Have A (Liability) Problem, Justin Silver

Michigan Law Review

The development of private manned space flight is proceeding rapidly; there are proposals to launch paying passengers before the end of 2014. Given the historically dangerous nature of space travel, an accident will probably occur at some point, resulting in passengers’ injury or death. In the event of a lawsuit stemming from such an accident, a court will likely find that a space flight entity operating suborbital flights is a common carrier, while an entity operating orbital flights is not. Regardless of whether these entities are common carriers, they face a threat of high levels of liability, as well as ...


Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr. 2014 Chicago-Kent College of Law

Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr.

Henry H. Perritt, Jr.

No abstract provided.


Countdown To Blastoff: Florida's Deadline For Spaceport Zoning Laws, Anthony G. Ison 2014 SelectedWorks

Countdown To Blastoff: Florida's Deadline For Spaceport Zoning Laws, Anthony G. Ison

Anthony G Ison

No abstract provided.


The Environmentally Conscious Skies: Did The European Union’S Game Of Brinksmanship Lead To A Viable Global Plan For Emissions Trading In Aviation?, Darren Prum, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze 2014 SelectedWorks

The Environmentally Conscious Skies: Did The European Union’S Game Of Brinksmanship Lead To A Viable Global Plan For Emissions Trading In Aviation?, Darren Prum, Kathryn Kisska-Schulze

Darren A. Prum

Effective January 1, 2012, the European Union (EU) instituted the first emissions trading scheme (ETS) for aviation which affected the domestic and international commercial airline industry flying into and out of the EU. The EU established the ETS to counter the global aviation sector’s role in releasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; however, such movement was met with heavy opposition by foreign countries, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), various commercial airlines and the Air Transport Association of America (ATA). This paper analyzes the legality of the EU’s unilateral ETS approach with respect to the commercial airline industry, examines ...


Grounding Drones: Big Brother’S Tool Box Needs Regulation Not Elimination, Melanie M. Reid 2014 Lincoln Memorial University - Duncan School of Law

Grounding Drones: Big Brother’S Tool Box Needs Regulation Not Elimination, Melanie M. Reid

Melanie M. Reid

One of the most significant contemporary issues in privacy law relates to law enforcement’s new domestic surveillance tool: unmanned aerial vehicles, also known as, drones. Law enforcement’s use of aerial surveillance as an investigatory tool is currently under attack. In the past, if law enforcement chose to follow a suspect throughout the day, either on the ground or in the air, they need not worry about seeking a warrant or determining whether probable cause or reasonable suspicion exists to justify their surveillance. Aerial surveillance of criminal suspects has been considered outside the protections of Fourth Amendment law. In ...


Keep Your Eyes On Eyes In The Sky, Hillary B. Farber 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Keep Your Eyes On Eyes In The Sky, Hillary B. Farber

Faculty Publications

To date, eight states have passed bills regulating domestic drone use by government and private individuals. This leaves us with a question: If a city of more than 60,000 residents and a global company with a customer base in the hundreds of millions are racing to the sky, how are we as a commonwealth of 6.6 million to truly launch ourselves into the debate and protect what little privacy we have left?


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