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Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross 2016 University of Puget Sound

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


Exceptionalism Unbound: Appraising American Resistance To Foreign Law, Mark C. Rahdert 2016 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

Exceptionalism Unbound: Appraising American Resistance To Foreign Law, Mark C. Rahdert

Catholic University Law Review

In a statewide referendum, voters approved a change to the Oklahoma state constitution, adopting restrictions on state judges’ ability to use of foreign law. Dubbed the “Save Our State” (“SOS”) Amendment, the measure forbade Oklahoma state judges from considering or using international or foreign law, except where required to do so by federal statutes or treaties. The SOS Amendment particularly prohibited the use of Sharia law. Similar measures (usually without specific references to Sharia law) have been proposed or adopted elsewhere.

These Amendments, as well as other developments in American politics, reflect a vigorous new strain of a deep-seated tendency ...


Forging Ahead From Ferguson: Re-Evaluating The Right To Assemble In The Face Of Police Militarization, Ashley M. Eick 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Forging Ahead From Ferguson: Re-Evaluating The Right To Assemble In The Face Of Police Militarization, Ashley M. Eick

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Fissures, Fractures & Doctrinal Drifts: Paying The Price In First Amendment Jurisprudence For A Half Decade Of Avoidance, Minimalism & Partisanship, Clay Calvert, Matthew D. Bunker 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Fissures, Fractures & Doctrinal Drifts: Paying The Price In First Amendment Jurisprudence For A Half Decade Of Avoidance, Minimalism & Partisanship, Clay Calvert, Matthew D. Bunker

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Article comprehensively examines how the U.S. Supreme Court’s adherence to principles of constitutional avoidance and judicial minimalism, along with partisan rifts among the Justices, have detrimentally affected multiple First Amendment doctrines over the past five years. The doctrines analyzed here include true threats, broadcast indecency, offensive expression, government speech, and strict scrutiny, as well as the fundamental dichotomy between content-based and contentneutral regulations.


Rights Of Publicity: A Practitioner's Enigma, Gil N. Peles Esq. 2016 Proskauer Rose LLP

Rights Of Publicity: A Practitioner's Enigma, Gil N. Peles Esq.

Journal of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Recent Decision: Constitutional Law - Restriction Of American Citizens’ Right Of Access To Information And Ideas In The Court Of Government Control Of Immigration Is Not Unconstitutional When Supported By A Facially Legitimate Reason, W. P. Bishop, Joseph C. Vanzant 2016 University of Georgia School of Law

Recent Decision: Constitutional Law - Restriction Of American Citizens’ Right Of Access To Information And Ideas In The Court Of Government Control Of Immigration Is Not Unconstitutional When Supported By A Facially Legitimate Reason, W. P. Bishop, Joseph C. Vanzant

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Two Aspects Of Liberty, John H. Garvey 2016 The Catholic University of America

Two Aspects Of Liberty, John H. Garvey

Notre Dame Law Review

Liberty in the constitutional sense is always a right against state interference (a “freedom from”). The First Amendment begins by saying that “Congress shall make no law”; it forbids Congress to license or fine or jail people for speaking, or publishing, or assembling. Liberty is also, always, a right to do something (a “freedom to”): to speak, to assemble, to practice religion, to get married, etc. So “freedom from” and “freedom to” are always parts of the same idea, just as “flying from” and “flying to” are aspects of the same airplane trip. Freedom is always the right to do ...


Partly Accultured Religious Activity: A Case For Accommodating Religious Nonprofits, Thomas C. Berg 2016 University of St. Thomas School of Law

Partly Accultured Religious Activity: A Case For Accommodating Religious Nonprofits, Thomas C. Berg

Notre Dame Law Review

This Article argues that we should make real efforts to protect religious freedom for partly acculturated religious activities and organizations. We should not reject their claims broadly or per se and thereby exclude them from the efforts at accommodation that other groups receive. The law should not force all religious organizations and activities into one of the two polar categories, acculturated or unacculturated. Part II of this Article presents several reasons why there is a strong interest in protecting the freedom to engage in partly acculturated religious activity.


Religious Exemptions, Third-Party Harms, And The Establishment Clause, Christopher C. Lund 2016 Wayne State University Law School

Religious Exemptions, Third-Party Harms, And The Establishment Clause, Christopher C. Lund

Notre Dame Law Review

Religious exemptions are important, and sometimes required by the Free Exercise Clause. But religious exemptions can also be troubling, and sometimes forbidden by the Establishment Clause. It is the latter issue with which this Essay concerns itself. But now a different question, which raises a different conception of the Establishment Clause: When are religious exemptions improper or unconstitutional because they burden third parties? This issue of third-party harms has received a lot of attention, especially in light of Hobby Lobby. Hobby Lobby initially sought an exemption from the contraceptive mandate that would have come at the expense of their employees ...


If Religious Liberty Does Not Mean Exemptions, What Might It Mean? The Founders’ Constitutionalism Of The Inalienable Rights Of Religious Liberty, Vincent Phillip Munoz 2016 University of Notre Dame

If Religious Liberty Does Not Mean Exemptions, What Might It Mean? The Founders’ Constitutionalism Of The Inalienable Rights Of Religious Liberty, Vincent Phillip Munoz

Notre Dame Law Review

The Article is divided into three Parts. Part I documents the Founders’ shared understanding that religious liberty is a natural right possessed by all individuals. Part II explains what the Founders meant when they labeled aspects of religious liberty an “unalienable” natural right. The inalienable character of the core of religious liberty reveals what the Founders found special about religion. It also accounts for religion’s special constitutional status, which for the Founders primarily meant specific jurisdictional limits on state sovereignty rather than exemptions. Part III further clarifies the Founders’ constitutionalism of religious freedom by explaining how the Founders understood ...


Catholic Constitutionalism From The Americanist Controversy To Dignitatis Humanae, Anna Su 2016 University of Toronto Faculty of Law

Catholic Constitutionalism From The Americanist Controversy To Dignitatis Humanae, Anna Su

Notre Dame Law Review

This Article, written for a symposium on the fiftieth anniversary of Dignitatis Humanae, or the Roman Catholic Church’s Declaration on Religious Freedom, traces a brief history of Catholic constitutionalism from the Americanist controversy of the late nineteenth century up until the issuance of Dignitatis Humanae as part of the Second Vatican Council in 1965. It argues that the pluralist experiment enshrined in the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution was a crucial factor in shaping Church attitudes towards religious freedom, not only in the years immediately preceding the revolutionary Second Vatican Council but ever since the late nineteenth ...


Virtue, Freedom, And The First Amendment, Marc O. DeGirolami 2016 St. John’s University School of Law.

Virtue, Freedom, And The First Amendment, Marc O. Degirolami

Notre Dame Law Review

The modern First Amendment embodies the idea of freedom as a fundamental good of contemporary American society. The First Amendment protects and promotes everybody’s freedom of thought, belief, speech, and religious exercise as basic goods—as given ends of American political and moral life. It does not protect these freedoms for the sake of promoting any particular vision of the virtuous society. It is neutral on that score, setting limits only in those rare cases when the exercise of a First Amendment freedom exacts an intolerable social cost. The Article concludes with two speculations. First, it seems we are ...


The Tortuous Course Of Religious Freedom, Steven D. Smith 2016 University of San Diego

The Tortuous Course Of Religious Freedom, Steven D. Smith

Notre Dame Law Review

This Essay, written for a conference at Notre Dame on Dignitatis Humanae, considers new challenges to and issues for religious freedom that have arisen recently in a world significantly changed from that of the 1960s, when the Declaration was first issued.


The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.

Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...


The Freedom Of Speech In Public Forums On College Campuses: A Single-Site Case Study On Pushing The Boundaries Of The Freedom Of Speech, Alexander Davidson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Freedom Of Speech In Public Forums On College Campuses: A Single-Site Case Study On Pushing The Boundaries Of The Freedom Of Speech, Alexander Davidson

Journalism

The purpose of this single-site study is to test how far speech can be pushed before it is no longer protected at the California Polytechnic State University. The purpose isn’t merely to push limitations for the sake of testing boundaries, but it is to see what types of speech truly add to the marketplace of ideas and what types simply do not. The main points of the study are to understand what speech is protected and what speech is not protected on California Polytechnic State University’s campus and to understand how the provocation that comes along with “negative ...


Government Speech, Free Speech, And Education: The Constitutional Challenge To The Massachusetts Genocide Education Guide, Mark C. Fleming 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Government Speech, Free Speech, And Education: The Constitutional Challenge To The Massachusetts Genocide Education Guide, Mark C. Fleming

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


The "Teach The Controversy" Controversy, David K. DeWolf 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

The "Teach The Controversy" Controversy, David K. Dewolf

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Leap Of Faith: Intelligent Design's Trajectory After Dover, Joshua Rosenau 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Leap Of Faith: Intelligent Design's Trajectory After Dover, Joshua Rosenau

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


The Constitutionality And Pedagogical Benefits Of Teaching Evolution Scientifically, Casey Luskin 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

The Constitutionality And Pedagogical Benefits Of Teaching Evolution Scientifically, Casey Luskin

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


Barring Intelligent Design From Public Schools: A Philosophical And Legal Inquiry, Russell F. Pannier, Thomas D. Sullivan 2016 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Barring Intelligent Design From Public Schools: A Philosophical And Legal Inquiry, Russell F. Pannier, Thomas D. Sullivan

University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy

No abstract provided.


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